New words and word-combinations to be remembered:
rightfully no праву
to consider вважати
unique charm неповторна краса
to divide поділяти
picturesque land мальовнича земля
abundant deposits величезні поклади
a wide variety широка різновидність
raw materials сировина
Ukraine is rightfully considered a picturesque land of all the riches that nature could give. Each part of Ukraine has a unique charm of its own.
The territory of Ukraine is 603,700 square kilometers, which is larger than that of France. It stretches from the Carpathians to the Don steppes and from Chernihiv forests to the Black Sea coast. Its population is more than 52 million. Ukraine is situated in the south-western part of Europe. It is bounded by Russia in the north-east, by Belarus’ in the north, by Poland and Slovakia in the west, and by Hungary, Romania and Moldova in the south-west. It is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in the south.
The main river in Ukraine is the Dnieper, the third longest river in Europe, which divides Ukraine into Right-Bank and Left-Bank territories. Several other large rivers flow through Ukraine, such as the Southern Buh, the Dniester, the Desna, the Siversky Donets, the Danube, the Tysza, etc.
95 percent of the Ukrainian area is flat. These are the vast Black Sea steppes, and the rest of it is mountainous. The highest point of the Carpathians is Hoverla (2061 m). The Crimean Mountains are not very high but they are rather picturesque. The climate of Ukraine is mild, Ukraine’s territory lies in the temperate belt.
Ukraine has an abundant and wide variety of minerals. It has rich deposits of iron, coal, manganese ores, potash and rock-salt, phosphorites, titanium, nickel, granite, marble, lead, bauxite, rare metals and other valuable raw materials.
Answer the following questions:
1. What is the territory of Ukraine?
2. Where is Ukraine located?
3. What are the main rivers in Ukraine?
4. Is Ukraine rich in various mineral deposits?