Говоримо англійською - 40 розмовних тем - Л. П. Ільєнко 1997

The United Kingdom of Grteat Britain and Northern Ireland
Geographical position

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

population населення

member член

independent незалежний

relations відносини

to be situated бути розташованим

support підтримка

The full name of Great Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is not a big country. Its area is 244,000 square kilometers. Its population is about 57 million. The main nationalities are: English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. It has a monarch as its Head of State. The monarch has very' little power and can only reign with the support of Parliament. Great Britain is a member of a voluntary' association of 50 independent states called the Commonwealth. It is also a member of the European Community and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It has diplomatic relations with 166 states. It is situated on the British Isles.

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

to consist of складатись з

to be separated (from) відокремлюватись (від)

to be washed by омиватися

mountain гора

to occupy займати

to be rich in бути багатим на

The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland? There are also more than 5,000 smaller islands around the coasts of the two main islands. The British Isles are separated from the European Continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Great Britain consists of four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north the Cheviots (the Cheviot Hills) separate England from Scotland. In the centre of England is a range of hills called the Pennines, known as the backbone of England. The Cumbrian mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the Highlands of Scotland are the tallest of the British mountains. Ben Nevis, the tallest peak is only 1,343 m. high and Snowdon is 1,085 m. high The longest and the deepest rivers are the Severn, the Thames, the Tyne, the Trent and the Clyde.'' There are many lakes in Great Britain, especially in the mountains. The Lake District is the most beautiful comer of England. Loch Lomond, Loch Ness in Scotland are the largest ones. There are no great forests in the country. Historically, the most famous forest is Sherwood Forest in the east of England. It was the home of Robin Hood.

Great Britain is rich in coal, iron, copper, lead, zinc, salt, china-clay, granite. British coal is of high quality. In the annual production of coal Great Britain occupies the 3rd place in the world.

Answer the following questions;

1. What kind of country is the United Kingdom?

2. What is the population of the country?

3. What is the area of the country?

4. Where is Great Britain situated?

5. What islands do the British Isles consist of?

6. By what are the British Isles separated from the European continent?

7. What parts does Great Britain consist of?

8. What mountains are there in Great Britain?

9. What can you tell about the rivers and lakes of the country?

10. What mineral resources is Great Britain rich in?

11. What are the main nationalities of the country?

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