Говоримо англійською - 40 розмовних тем - Л. П. Ільєнко 1997

The United Kingdom of Grteat Britain and Northern Ireland
Things to see in London

Trafalgar Square

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

battle битва

victory перемога

to erect monument спорудити пам’ятник

to attract притягувати

At the beginning of the 19th century there was a great sea battle at Trafalgar. Admiral Nelson was killed in this battle. It was a victory of the British Navy over Napoleon. Trafalgar Square was made to commemorate the victory of Nelson at Trafalgar. The Nelson Column was erected in 1843.The statue of Nelson on the top of the column was made by a well-known English sculptor Edward Bailey. Now, Trafalgar Square is a place of mass meetings and demonstrations. It attracts thousands of English people.

The Houses of Parliament

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

membership членство

power влада

according to згідно з

to belong to належати (до)

to elect обирати

to be called називатись

On the bank of the Thames you see the Houses of Parliament with famous clock Big Ben. The Parliament consists of 2 Houses: the House of Lords (where lords sit) and the House of Commons (where the elected members of the Parliament sit). The House of Lords is larger in membership — more than 800, but the House of Commons has nearly all the power. All the time Parliament is in session, a flag flies at the top of Victoria Tower. The Queen is the head of the state. But according to the constitution, power in the country belongs to Parliament. The House of Commons is elected by the people. Big Ben is the name of the bell in one of the tall towers of the Houses of Parliament. The building was built in 1857.

Members of one House may not enter the other. The exception is the day of the State Opening of Parliament when the Queen makes the Throne Speech in the House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor sits on the woolsack. For hundreds of years wool had been known as one of the most important exports of the country. The House of Commons doesn’t look as splendid as the House of Lords with its beautiful red benches. There is the Stranger’s Gallery in each House. Seats in the galleries are reserved for the use of the public who are called «strangers» in the language of Parliament.

The Speaker in Parliament sits on a green chair. It has been given to the Commons by Australia. On the speakers chair there is a switch that puts on the light in the Clock Tower above «Big Ben» to tell Londoners that Parliament is in session. The Prime Minister’s seat is on the Government front bench which is on the Speaker’s right. And on the Speaker’s left you can see the opposition front bench.

S t. P a u l ’ s C a t h e d r a l

New words to be remembered:

to burn горіти

death смерть

to climb підніматись

whisper шепіт

Everybody coming to London for the first time wants to see St. Paul’s Cathedral. This is the third cathedral with this name. The two others were burnt out. A well-known English architect Ch. Wren designed many palaces, fine houses, beautiful churches, including St. Paul’s Cathedral. The inside of the cathedral is very beautiful. It took Ch. Wren 35 years to build this cathedral and when it was finished he was an old man. After his death he was buried in this cathedral. Such words are written on his grave: «If you want to see his monument, look around». From far away you can see the huge dome with a golden ball and cross on the top. If you climb 263 steps you will get to whispering gallery, which runs round the dome. You can also go down underneath the cathedral, into the crypt where many great men are burried.

The British Museum

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

unusual незвичайний

circle коло

ticket квиток

to be engaged in research займатись науковою діяльністю

The British Museum is known all over the world. It was opened on January 15, 1759. The Museum consists of the National Museum of Archeology and Ethnography and the National Library. It is one of the largest and richest museums in the world. The first thing that strikes a visitor of the Reading Room of the British Museum is its unusual shape. It is in the form of a circle. It was designed by Anthony Panizzi. To enter the Reading Room one must have a ticket of admission. You may get it if you are more than 21, and engaged in serious research. If you want to see all the exhibits or even all the rooms in the Museum, it will take you many visits.

Westminster Abbey

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

to crown коронувати statesman державний діяч world famed всесвітньо відомий

Near the Houses of Parliament you see Westminster Abbey, a very beautiful church built over 900 years ago. It is the place where British kings and queens are crowned and buried. In the Abbey there are tombs of many great statesmen, scientists, writers and also the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a memorial to the British Soldiers who died in the 1st World War,

It has its world-famed Poet’s Comer with memorials to Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, the Brome sisters, Tennyson, Longfellow, Bums, Dickens, Hardy and others. Only a few, however, are actually buried there,

Downing Street, No 10

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

changing of the guards зміна варти

in front of попереду

Not far from the Westminster Palace, where the British Parliament sits, is a small Downing street, No 10. This is the official residence of the British Prime Minister since 1735. Buckingham Palace is the residence of English kings and queens. You can see the changing of the guards in front of the Palace.

The Tower of London

New words to be remembered:

castle замок fortress вежа prison в’язниця treasure скарб

It is an old castle on the bank of the Thames, formerly a fortress, a palace, a prison. Now it is one of the interesting museums, which houses the Crown jewels and other treasures. You may see some ravens in the Tower. There is a legend that the Tower will fall if it looses its ravens. The Tower was built by William the Conqueror, the first Norman King in the eleventh century.

Piccadilly Circus

New words to be remembered:

fashionable розкішний shopping торги direction напрямок

The Circus is not very large, but it is dynamic and colourful. The famous Eros Statue on the top of the fountain in the centre of the Circus is really beautiful. Six streets lead into Circus. Regent Street is one of London’s most fashionable shopping streets. Another street leading off Piccadilly Circus in the direction of Soho is Shaftesbury Avenue. Soho is the entertainment centre of London. You will find there music-halls, night-clubs, restaurants.

Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum

New words to be remembered:

display виставка

horror жах

In 1802 Madame Tussaud established her still famous Wax Museum which contains models of famous people from pop stars to Prime Ministers. It has displays of battles and Chamber of Horrors.

Hyde Park

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

hunting полювання royal королівський place of rest місце відпочинку

Hyde Park is London’s largest and most fashionable park. It was once a royal hunting forest. Now it is a place of rest with restaurants and bars at each end of the lake.

Answer the following questions:

1. What places of interest in London do you know?

2. What is the best place in London to start the sightseeing with?

3. What is Trafalgar Square famous for?

4. What monuments to famous people of London do you know?

5. What Houses does the British Parliament consist of?

6. What is the residence of the British Queen?

7. How much time did it take Ch. Wren to build St. Paul’s Cathedral?

8. What can you tell about the Reading Room in the British Museum?

9. Why is Trafalgar Square called so?

10. Where is the residence of the British Prime Minister?





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