The United Kingdom of Grteat Britain and Northern Ireland
Britain's prominent people
New words and word-combinations to be remembered:
to use використовувати
by and by поступово
to achieve досягати
to include включати
to be buried бути похованим
The United Kingdom is a great country with a rich history, traditions and customs. It gave birth to many talented people in different spheres: literature, art, science, music, sports.
Isaac Newton is a famous mathematician who worked out a basic formula, or rule, which has been used ever since in mathematics. Now we call it the binomial theorem. Being a student at Trinity College he heard lectures in Greek, Latin, mathematics, theology and began to show his outstanding abilities. He mastered many subjects independently because he was interested in them. By and by his interests began to centre more and more on physics and mathematics. If, in his life-time, Isaac Newton had gone on to achieve nothing else than the binomial theorem, he still would have earned an honoured name in scientific history. And at that time he was only twenty-two years old.
Charles Dickens is a well-known English writer. He was bom in 1812 at Portsmouth where his father was a clerk at Navy Office. He was the oldest of a large family. His mother was a well-educated person. One day in his room Charles found many books: «Robinson Crusoe», «Tom Jones» and others and thus he got the key to the treasure house of English literature. His family moved to London where he worked at a lawyer’s office. He made some reports for newspapers. Soon he entered the «Morning Chronicle» and his work of writing really began. He went all over the country, got news, wrote stories, met people. His novels were «Little Dorrit», «Nicholas Nickleby», «Oliver Twist» and above all «David Copperfield». In 1836 he became famous. He wrote novel after novel. At the same time he was working as a newspaperman, visited America, Italy, Switzerland, Paris. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Christopher Wren is a well-known English architect. He designed many palaces, fine houses, beautiful churches including St. Paul’s Cathedral. It took him 35 years to build this cathedral and when it was finished he was an old man. After his death he was buried in it.
Joseph John Thоmson
Joseph John Thomson is a discoverer of the electron. He was bom in Manchester. First a student and then a lecturer in mathematics at Trinity College he was appointed Professor of Physics when he was only twenty-eight years old. And in the closing year of the 19th century J.J. Thomson, professor of physics at Cambridge, discovered the electron. The discovery of the electron, and the investigations into its nature which followed, led to a revolution in physical science.
Robert Burns is a famous English poet. He was bom into a farming family and received some elementary schooling. He studied world geography, English grammar, some physics, astronomy, botany and was fond of Shakespeare and Milton. Robert Burns was well-educated for his times. He was a man of character, a man of principle and a brilliant talker. He died rather young at the age of 37.
J. Reynolds is an outstanding British portraitist. He was well-known in England and his painting influenced his contemporaries. By the age of 20 he had set himself up as a portraitist in his native town. Soon he had achieved a considerable success. His sitters included the socially prominent people of the time and when the Royal Academy was founded he became its first President.