Говоримо англійською - 40 розмовних тем - Л. П. Ільєнко 1997

The United States of America

New words and word-combinations to be remembered:

suburb передмістя

to search шукати

rural area сільська місцевість

harbour гавань, порт

The American people are always on the move — from one part of the country to another, from one city to another, from farm to city, from the city to the suburbs. Seventeen percent of all Americans move to new homes every year, searching for job opportunities, a better climate, or for other reasons.

Today three out of four Americans live in towns, cities or suburbs. Over 57 million live in rural areas.

New York City is America’s largest city. Its population, as reported in 1980, was 7,071,000. At the same time, the population of its suburbs was nearly 2 million. The city, along with adjacent New Jersey waterfront, has 1,215 kilometers of dock space, making it the largest harbour in the world. Nearly 6,140 ships carrying some 462,000 passengers visit the city annually, along with more than 64 million air travellers.

Chicago, with 3,005,000 inhabitants, is the second largest city. Los Angeles, California, is third with a population of 2,966,000. Philadelphia, fourth largest, has about 1.7 million people. Philadelphia is important in American history because the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States were ratified there.

The nation’s capital, Washington, D.C., is seventeenth in population with about 637,000 residents. Specially planned and built as a national capital, Washington was laid out by French architect Pierre L’Enfant late in the 18th century. A city of great beauty and a centre of world affairs, it is also becoming a leading cultural centre.

Answer the following questions:

1. What makes Americans to move from one place to another?

2. Where do the most of Americans live?

3. What are the largest cities of the USA?

4. Speak on New York (Chicago, Philadelphia, Washington D.C.).

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