Texts on specialities
My future speciality
New words and word-combinations to be remembered:
technological equipment технологічне устаткування
automated control systems автоматичні системи управління
industrial electronics промислова електроніка
electrical engineering електротехніка
engineering техніка, машинобудування
mechanical engineering машинобудування
machine-tool manufacture верстатобудування
measuring and control instruments вимірювальні прилади
strength of materials опір матеріалів
machine parts деталі машин
Installation устаткування, обладнання
apparatus прилад, інструмент
device прилад, пристрій
design bureau конструктoрське бюро
term paper курсовий проект
graduation thesis дипломна робота
research work науково-дослідна робота
theoretical investigation теоретичне дослідження
skilled досвідчений, кваліфікований
I study at the department of the technological equipment and automated control systems. The students of our department are speciaalizing in mechanics, automation of technological processes and automated control systems, industrial electronics, electrical engineering. Mechanical engineering is called a key industry due to its importance to fill sectors of the national economy including mechanization, automation, chemical engineering, etc. Engineering is a complex consisting of inter-linked industries.
Machine-tool manufacture is the material and technical base of engineering. Mechanical engineering is rapidly changing. Instrument-making plays an increasingly important part. This branch of engineering produces automation equipment, quality control devices, computers, etc.
The development of automation is closely linked with progress in instrument-making and the output of up-to-date measuring and control instruments and devices. As future engineers we get a thorough knowledge of physics, mathematics, technical drawing, electrical engineering, strength of materials and machine parts, automation and automated control systems, computing, etc.
We are taught by a highly-qualified staff of professors and teachers. Our practical training and laboratory works are done in the laboratories equipped with modem installations, apparatuses and devices. Theoretical training is combined with scientific work at the scientific centres and students’, design bureaus. As a rule, students write their term papers and graduation theses on the problems connected with their scientific work. They operate experimental and industrial installations, conduct research work, read scientific literature which deals with their speciality. It is also combined with practical training at the advanced enterprises. All these help to turn a student into a highly-skilled engineer, ready for independent work.
I. Answer the following questions:
1. Why is industrial engineering so important?
2. What is the material and technical foundation of engineering?
3. Is instrument-making an important branch of engineering?
4. What is the development of automation closely linked with?
5. What sciences and special subjects are of great importance in training future engineers?
6. What is the importance of scientific work in training future engineers?
7. Is practical training important for educating future specialists?
8. Are you engaged in research work?
II. Speak on mechanics using the following word-combinations:
Speciality — mechanics:
— to be much interested in;
— to choose as speciality;
— to be trained at higher schools;
— to be a part of engineering and machine-building;
— to be linked with other branches of industries: machine-tool and instrument manufacturing, production mechanization, automation equipment, quality control devices, output of measuring and control instruments;
— to be a good specialist must know fundamentals and speciality forming subjects;
— training, to be done at the laboratories, scientific centres, shops plants and different enterprises;
— the results, to be implemented in the term papers and graduation theses.