Texts on specialities
Engineer and technological progress
New words and word-combinations to be remembered:
to be guided by керуватись чимось
implementation здійснення, реалізація
to cope with справлятися з
engineering material конструкційний матеріал
computer-aided-design автоматичне проектування
in spite of незважаючи на
curriculum навчальна програма
sets of subjects набір предметів
to have very much in common мати багато спільного
apart from крім, не враховуючи
humanities гуманітарні науки
scientific outlook науковий світогляд
motive power рушійна сила
In the conditions of the scientific and technological progress the significance of engineers is increasing. Our country has taken on a course toward the market economy. Engineers have an important part to play in intensifying the national economy. In their work engineers are guided by the latest achievements in science and technology. Engineering means physical implementation of the design process into machines, devices or systems. Only a well-trained engineer can cope with his tasks. In the practical work an engineer is faced with problems of choosing suitable engineering materials for construction different devices or machine parts. A modem engineer must have good knowledge of physics and mathematics, chemistry, computers, systems enginnering computer-aided-design, management science, etc.
Engineers are trained at different technical higher schools and at some departments of the universities. In spite of the fact that there are no single and absolutely identical curricula, the sets of subjects for training technical students have very much in common. Future engineers are trained in fundamental sciences and special subjects. Apart from the teaching fundamentals, the students are offered a wide programme of humanities. A great attention at technical departments is paid to such subjects as history, philosophy, economics, management, sociology, ecology and foreign languages as well as to the development of the scientific world outlook of the future engineers. The engineer is the main motive power of the technological progress.
I. Answer the following questions:
1. What is engineering?
2. What is the role of the engineer in the technological progress?
3. What should the engineer know to cope with his tasks?
4. Where are engineers trained?
5. What subjects and sciences are technical students trained in?
6. What must an engineer know to be a good specialist and a harmoniously developed individual?
7. Is the engineer the main motive power in the technological progress?
II. Speak on the engineer using the following word-combinations:
— to have an important part to play;
— to be guided by the latest achievements in science and technology;
— the results of his work to be implemented in engineering;
— to cope with his tasks must be well-trained;
— to be faced with problems of choosing suitable materials for construction different devices;
— must know fundamental sciences;
— must know his speciality forming subjects;
— to be trained at higher schools;
— must have a thorough knowledge of humanities to be a highly educated personality.