New words and word-combinations to be remembered:
uniform level єдиний рівень
vocational training професійна освіта
institution of higher learning вищий навчальний заклад
to secure забезпечувати
post-graduate course аспірантура
to deliver читати (лекції)
humanities гуманітарні науки
to provide забезпечувати
schooling шкільна освіта
post-secondary education вища освіта
Present-day independent Ukraine has got a rather developed system of education. General secondary education is free and compulsory. The secondary school has three stages: primary, basic and senior. Of late there appeared a new type of schools: gymnasiums, lycees and private schools. The secondary school must secure a uniform level of knowledge necessary for each student. An important part in the educational system is played by vocational training schools providing almost 800 qualifications.
Post-secondary education is provided by technical schools, colleges and institution of higher learning: universities, academies, institutes, conservatories.
At each higher educational establishment there is a post-graduate course with post-graduates working for their scientific degrees.
There are many scientific, educational and academic centres in Ukraine. Kyiv with its famous National University named after T. Shevchenko, Polytechnic University, providing part-time and fulltime education, Kyiv-Mohyla Academy which resumed its work in 1991. Three faculties work now at the Academy: the humanities, social and natural sciences. Leading scientists from different countries of the world deliver lectures at the Academy.
Today Kharkiv University has 11 faculties: mechanics-mathematics, physics, physics-technology, radio-physics, chemistry, biology, economics, history, philology, foreign languages, etc.
Lviv is the leading scientific and cultural centre of Western Ukraine. It has a number of research institutes of high reputation.
Nizhyn Pedagogical Institute named after M. Hohol, who studied at the Іусeе during 1820s, consists of five faculties: philology, natural sciences, physics-mathematics, instrumental and vocal music, English and German.
Ukraine numbers a total of 1.5 million college and university students.
Graduates from the Ukrainian institutions of higher learning became famous writers, scholars, prominent diplomats, ethnographers, economists, mathematicians, physicists, chemists, geologists, physiologists, etc.
Answer the following questions:
1. The general educational school in Ukraine has three stages, hasn’t it?
2. How many qualifications do vocational training schools provide?
3. Institutions of higher learning include technical schools, colleges, universities, academies, institutes and conservatories don’t they?
4. For what professions do Ukrainian higher schools train students?
5. What specialists does your Academy (Institute) train?
6. What facilities are there at your Academy (Institute)?