Англійська мова: Навчальний посібник - П.О. Бех 1992

Languages of communication
Practice exercises

1. Make up sentences:





Chinese is spoken as a mother tongue in





Great Britain











My friends







What language







II. What do we call people who live in:




the USA



III. Where did these words come from:


a potato


a tulip

an umbrella

a samovar

IV. Ask the questions to have the following answers:

I speak English.

He can speak French,

They don’t learn German.

She speaks two languages.

English is spoken in Great Britain, the USA, Canada...

Yes, it is. English is an official and working language of the UN.

V. Answer the following questions:

1. What are the principal languages of the world? Use the table below.

2. What kinds of languages do you know?

3. Where is English spoken as a mother tongue?

4. Is English an official and working language of the UN?

5. What are the main sources manufacturing English words?

6. What are the differences between British and American English? Give some examples.

7. How many years did you study English?

8. What languages are taught in our schools?

9. What have you to do to master English?

10. Do you pay much attention to the English intonation?

11. Did you try to speak English at classes?

12. Did you take part in organizing English parties at school?

13. What books by British and American writers have you read? Have you read them in the original?

14. What English newspapers and magazines do you know and which of them do you read?

Text for supplementary reading

Noah Webster (1758—1843) — a dictionary maker

How do you spell this word? How is this word pronounced? What does this word mean? To find answers to such questions people learn to look in a dictionary. And in a great many cases they consult a Webster’s dictionary.

Noah Webster was born in Connecticut while Connecticut was still a colony — before there was a United States of America.

As a young man he went to college, but he left college for a while to fight in the Revolutionary War. He then went back to finish his college work.

After Webster left college he taught school for a while and then practiced law. He wrote many pamphlets. But he is famous for two books — a spelling book and his dictionary. When he was teaching school, he saw that two books were needed. The first part — the spelling book — was published in 17S3. It soon came to be called simply «Webster’s Spelling Book». It sold for over 100 years. More than 60,000,000 copies were printed.

It took Webster 20 years to write his dictionary. Part of this time he spent visiting scholars in England and France.

The first edition of the dictionary was published in 1828 and the second in 1840. The first edition contained 12,000 words and between 30,000 and 40,000 definitions that had never been in a dictionary before. With his dictionary Webster did a great deal to make spelling simpler. For instance, he changed the spelling of «colour» to «color», «centre» to «center», and «waggon» to «wagon».

Webster’s dictionary is still being printed by the millions. Of course, changes in it have been made since Webster’s time. Words that Webster never heard or even dreamed of have been added. A «Webster's New International Dictionary» of today has more than 600,000 words. This dictionary is so well known that many arguments about words are settled by a question: «What does Webster say?»

Words and phrases

Noah Webster — Ho(y)a Вебстер

a dictionary maker — укладач словників, лексикограф

Connecticut — Коннектікут (штат США)

for a while — на деякий час

to teach school — амер.: займатися викладацькою діяльністю. бути викладачем

to practice law — займатися правом

a pamphletl— брошура, памфлет

a spelling book — орфографічний словник

to publish — видавати

a definition — пояснення, тлумачення

to print — друкувати

a great deal — багато

to settle an argument — вирішувати суперечку

Some the most popular dictionaries:

1. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English (A. S. Hornby) — тлумачний словник

2. New Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language — тлумачний словник

3. Roget’s Thesaurus — словник-тезаурус Роже (слова, згруповані за тематичною ознакою)

4. Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms — словник синонімів та антонімів

5. Dictionary of Proverbs and Sayings — словник прислів’їв та приказок

6. Dictionary of Quotations — словник цитат, крилатих виразів

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