Розмовні теми частина 2 - Т. М. Гужва 2003

Books and Writers

Exercise 19-1

Answer the questions:

1. What kind of literature do you prefer to read: fairy tales, adventure stories, spy thrillers, classics, biographies, memoirs, travel books or non-fiction?

2. Have you got a library at home?

3. How do you choose a book to read?

4. Do you agree that there are three classes of books: books you must read, books you must reread and books you must not read at all? Which is the largest and the smallest class? Why?

5. Do books make up a significant and necessary part of your life?

6. Do you consider books a means of relaxation? What kind of books and under what circumstances are considered a means of relaxation (a means of education, a means of broadening your mind)?

7. What books give you aesthetic pleasure?

8. What is your attitude towards poetry?

9. What do you focus your attention on (the style or the plot) when you read a novel?

10. What do you focus your attention on while reading a detective story?

11. While reading a poem do you focus more on the subject- matter?

12. Do you read books between the intervals of your classes?

13. What books do you read to cheer and amuse yourself?

14. What is the most amusing story you have ever read?

15. Can you get along without books? For how long? What books can you get along without?

16. Do you believe you can get along without textbooks?

17. What are your views on science fiction? Do you consider it serious literature or just a means of relaxation?

18. Do detective stories make you forget troublesome realities of life?

19. What British (American, Ukrainian, Russian) writers (poets) do you know? Which of them is your favourite one?

20. What kinds of memoirs are you interested in? Do you think that people who write memoirs are always objective?

21. Do you agree with O. Wilde that when people write about others they are usually dull but when they write about themselves they are nearly always interesting?

22. Did you read English (American) books in the original? Do you prefer original or adapted literature?

23. What is your favourite book written in your native language? Why did you enjoy reading it?

24. Which is your favourite book in English? What is its main idea?

Exercise 19-2

(based on the topic "Books and Writers»)

Fill in the missing words:

1. There is no doubt that books have played a major role in _____ the cultural life of any society.

2. They broaden our _____ , develop our artistic _____ , give us a lot of useful information.

3. I don’t think we can get _____ without them.

4. They make up a _____ and necessary part in our life.

5. While reading the book we our attention on the _____ and style, express the feelings of sympathy and _____ for the characters of the book, think about their problems.

6. Some people read for _____ , some for pleasure.

7. I am fond of his stories reading which the readers are fascinated with the _____ of the plot and _____ of the narrator.

8. A lot of M.Twain’s admires are _____ at the _____ diver sity of the writer’s language.

9. M.Twain’s short stories reflect the main tendency of his literary work, his way from humorous _____ to the sharp _____ .

10. M. Twain’s laughter and word will always sound in of the great humane calling of a Man, in defence of the people full of energy and _____ of life.

11. That is why M. Twain’s stories enjoy _____ popularity.

12. His characters are very well- _____ , his stories are true-to-life and the _____ of his stories are usually _____ built up.

Exercise 19-3

(based on Additional Topics)

In the spaces provided, mark each true statement T and each

false statement F:

□ 1. William Shakespeare was bom in London. He wrote 50 plays altogether. His creative work can be divided into two periods.

□ 2. Robert Burps began writing poetry at the age of twenty. He is the national pride of England.

□ 3. George Gordon Byron was bom in London in 1788. His first volume of poetry, «Hours of Idleness» appeared in 1807 and was furiously attacked in the Edinburgh Review.

□ 4. Charles Dickens is one of the four best English writers of the 17th century. He is one of the novelists representing romanticism.

□ 5. Artur Hailey is a prolific writer. A series of successful novels has established his reputation as one of the most popular writers of today.

□ 6. Taras Shevchenko is an outstanding Ukrainian poet, artist and thinker. His poetry greatly influenced the formation of social and moral traits of Ukrainian people.

□ 7. Vasyl Symonenko is one of the greatest and most popular Ukrainian poets. He was born in Kyiv.

□ 8. O. Henry was bom William Sydney Porter, in Greensboro, North Carolina, September 11, 1862. He is a master of make- believe, who puts a romantic glow over everyday living.

□ 9. George Bernard Show is one of the famous American writers. He wrote over 50 plays.

Exercise 19-4

(based on the additional topic «Books in Ukraine»)

For each sentence, place the letter of the best answer in the space


1. The oldest book using the Cyrillic alphabet was:

a) «The story of Bygone Years»

b) «Izbornyk Svyatoslava»

c) «Ostromyrove Yevanheliye»

2. Yaroslav the Wise set up a library at:

a) Kyiv’s Monastery of the Caves

b) St. Sophia Cathedral

c) Holy Cross Brotherhood of Lviv

3. At first books were writing using:

a) specially treated animal skin

b) big stones

c) white paper

4. The founder of book printing in Ukrainian lands was:

a) Vasyl Tyapysky

b) Ivan Fedorov

c) Schweipolt Fiol

5. A new type of literature, fiction appeared in Ukraine:

a) at the end of the 19th century

b) at the middle of the 18th century

c) at the end of the 18th century

6. A new stage in book printing in Ukraine began in:

a) 1970 b) 1975 c) 1980

7. Nowadays the biggest collection of books are at:

a) the Vernadsky Central Reference Library of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences in Kyiv

b) the Korolenko Reference Library in Kharkiv

c) the Gorky Reference Library in Odesa

Exercise 19-5

March each word in the left-hand column with the best meaning in the right-hand column. Place the letter of the best definition in the space provided:

1) ballad

2) biography

3) novel

4) drama

5) poem

6) fairy tale

7) poetry

8) story

9) rhyme

10) novelette

a) story in prose, long enough to fill one or more volumes, about either imaginary or historical people

b) piece of creative writing in verse form, especially one expressing deep feeling or noble thought in beautiful language, composed with

the desire to communicate an experience

c) simple song or poem, especially one that tells an old story

d) the art of a poet; poems

e) tale about fairies of imaginary origin

i) branch of literature dealing with the lives of persons

g) play for the theatre, radio or TV

h) verse for small children characterized by sameness of sound of the ending of two or more words at the ends of lines of verse

i) short novel (story in prose)

j) account of past or imaginary events

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