Paintings and Painters. Art museums
Answer the following questions:
1. What is the difference between a drawing and a painting?
2. What are the subjects of your favourite pictures?
3. What is your favourite painting?
4. Who is your favourite painter?
5. What canvases by Leonardo da Vinci embody the Renaissance artists’ desire to comprehend emotion through reason, and to create in accordance with the rules of harmony an ideal of the perfect human being?
6. What genres of art painting do you know? Characterize them in brief.
7. What are Rembrandt’s paintings famous for?
8. What was entirely new in the impressionists’ technique? Did the impressionists invent or discover their sunlight and atmospheric effects?
9. Have you ever seen impressionists’ painting? What do you think of them?
10. Who was one of the founding fathers of the British landscape school in the 18th century and also one of the greatest and most original portrait painters of that day in England?
11. What English painter presents us with one of the many paradoxes of English Romantic art?
12. When and where did a new style appear in painting known as «Cossack» baroque?
13. Which of Ukrainian painters of mid-19th century succeeded in Romantic movement and took a step toward stark realism?
14. What contemporary English (American, Ukrainian, Russian) painters do you know? What are they famous for?
15. What pictorial masterpieces have you managed to admire at the museum or Art exhibition?
16. Have you ever been to the Kyiv Museum of Russian (Ukrainian) Art?
17. What does the Taras Shevchenko museum exhibit? Are there a number of his water-colours, sepias pencil drawings of ancient monuments and paintings in this museum?
18. How often do you go to the Art museums and exhibitions? Can you get there spiritual food?
19. Do you generally go there alone or with an excursion?
(based on the topics «Paintings and Painters. Art Museums»). Ell in the missing words:
1. Art plays an important role in upbringing our _____ , tastes and feelings, it changes our views, outlook and mood, enriches our world and cultivate love for people and
2. Great works of art enable man to look at the world as if through a _____ glass, bringing into focus all that is most important and _____ . They allow him to glimpse that _____ exaltation from which a work of art is born.
3. While visiting Art museums we make a journey through the centuries, _____ us with the works of the greatest painters.
4. There is one more quality _____ to their art — each of the great _____ of the past was a link in the chain of mankind’s spiritual _____ , and each of them played a part in it, revealing new _____ of man’s spirit, finding new possibilities of its _____ expression.
5. Art museums preserve numerous _____ which testify that art painting goes back thousand years.
6. Even now we can admire the _____ and fresco images, _____ which have survived the ravages of time.
7. Among the best known icons is «The Trinity» by _____ , a painter who opened a new era in world painting with his celebration of human _____ and beauty.
8. The _____ of the painters, whether Italian, German, English, Dutch, French, Ukrainian or Russian, are always marked by a profound _____ together with an acute insight into life, and are distinguished by inspired __________ ideas and consummate artistic _____ .
9. The canvases by _____ , «Litta Madonna» and «Benois Madonna » embody the _____ artists’ desire to comprehend emotion through reason, and to create in accordance with the rules of _____ an ideal of the perfect human being.
10. _____ painter, Peter Paul Rubens, reveals the charmingly _____ nature of the young girl in his famous work «Portrait of Lady of the Chamber. »
11. The names of the greatest _____ K. Monet, A. Renoir, E. Degas are well-known for their individual and _____ art.
12. Painters Paul Cezanne and Van Gogh expressed in their works ______ to return to an integrated perception of the world.
13. The 18th century in Russia is distinguished by a blossoming of the art of _____ .
14. English portrait painters _____ and _____ , excite us with their profound insight into a spiritual world of a man, with their _____ to reveal their strength and characters.
15. In the middle of the 19th century Ukrainian Art found itself under the strong _____ of Taras Shevchenko’s art and _____ .
16. Bewitching Ukrainian _____ inspired many Russian and Ukrainian painters to create poetic _____ .
17. Nowadays Ukrainian art _____ probably every conceivable trend, ranging from _____ to Postmodernism.
In the space provided, mark each true statement T and each false statement F.
1. Thomas Gainsborough was one of the founding fathers of the British landscape school in the 18th century and also one of the greatest and most original portrait painters of his day.
2. Thomas Gainsborough’s first great portrait in the Van Dyck manner was «Mr. and Mrs. Andrews.»
3. Joseph Mallord William Turner was an English painter who represented a new continental movement, surrealism.
4. Joseph Mallord William Turner opened his first private gallery in 1804, and in the late 1820s he conceived a plan to leave the contents of his gallery and studio to the nation.
5. John Constable, a well-known English painter, began the practice of sketching in oils in open air in 1825.
6. With the exhibition of «The Hay Wain » at the Royal Academy in 1821 Constable’s work was recognized outside his country.
7. The Rembrandt’s works are famous not only for their extersiveness, but also for genuine masterpieces they contain.
8. The 20lh century was marked by an upsurge in Ukrainian pictorial art. A new style appeared, known as Ukrainian — or Cossack — baroque.
9. Taras Shevchenko stands out as a key figure in the mid-19th century Eastern and Central European art.
10. It was in Ukraine that the carreer of Ilya Repin, an out standing Russian painter, began. Among his prominent creations of that period are «The Cossacks, » «Black Sea Freemen, » «Vechomytsi, » a portrait of T. Shevchenko.
Describe your favourite landscapes using the following expressions:
a faithful representation (of); a true transcript from nature; to paint landscape (the scenery of one’s own land); to convey a sense of space; there is an open-air feeling (a wonderful outdoor quality) in his work; poetic in tone and atmosphere; rich in tone; painted with sober tones; fresh, cool colouring; colour notable for its luminosity and daring; disposition of light and shadow; a delicate sense of artistic form; an unaffected and beautiful work.
Dramatise the following situation:
A painter, who had led a very solitary life, died, childless and poor. To pay his debts an auction was suggested. At this sale all his requisite, every shred of canvas, and several unfinished pictures were auctioned off.
At this auction, among other things, a beautiful landscape was sold for a song. It was purchased by an agent of a rich art-dealer who is now listening to a detailed account of the sale. He is furious that his man has not bought up all the pictures that were knocked down at the auction: he knows that one day these beautiful pictures will be sought after by all the collectors of the world.
Read the following description of a still-life arrangement. Can you say in what century this picture was painted? Give your reasons.
All nature seemed in a rage. The skies were cloudless. The brilliant sunshine was accompanied by intense dryness and piercing cold. He did a still life in his room: a coffee pot in blue enamel, a cup of royal blue and gold, a milk jug in squares, of pale blue and white, a jug in majolica, blue with a pattern in reds, greens and browns, and lastly, two oranges and three lemons.