Розмовні теми частина 2 - Т. М. Гужва 2003

Mass Media

Exercise 21—1

Answer the following questions:

1) What does mass media consist of?

2) What is the function of the radio and television?

3) What are your favourite newspapers, magazines, radio and TV programmes?

4) What newspapers and magazines have you subscribed to this year?

5) Why do you like to read periodicals (to listen to the radio; to watch TV programmes)?

6) What newspaper and magazines inform the readers of the life in this country (the life of youth)?

7) In what languages are newspapers the «Digest,» the «News from Ukraine,» the «Moscow News,» the «Kyiv Post,» printed?

8) What kind of English periodicals do you read?

9) Are you fond of reading scientific magazines?

10) Are today’s Ukrainian periodicals independent?

11) Is the press extremely important nowadays? Why? Give your reasons.

12) What magazines for children (young people, women) do you know? Do you find them interesting (amusing, entertaining, useful)?

13) What events and reports do you follow in the newspapers and magazines?

14) Do you watch TV every day?

15) What TV programmes are the most popular with the young people in Ukraine?

16) What telecasts are you fond of watching?

17) Do you like to see TV News Programmes?

18) Where do you get latest news from?

19) Which educational programmes do you watch regularly?

20) What do you think of commercials on our TV?

21) Do you like when TV programme (film, play) you are watching on TV is interrupted several times by an appeal to use a new perfume or detergent, or drink a certain kind of beer?

22) What is your opinion of foreign films shown on our TV? Do you approve of the choice?

23) If you were invited to speak on TV on any topic you like, which subject would you choose? Why? Give your reasons.

24) Suggest improvements on our TV (radio) programmes. What else would you like to see on TV? Which programmes do you want to be taken off the screen?

25) What can one hear on the radio and see on TV in Great Britain (the USA)?

26) Why do English (American) viewers often find TV programmes boring?

27) How do sponsoring firms make great profits on TV (radio) programmes?

28) Have you got a transistor radio? Can you get distant stations on your transistor?

29) What is the brand-mark of your TV set?

30) What television sets are considered to be the best in this country?

31) Have you got a wireless at home? What do you like to listen to on the wireless?

32) Which of our newspapers publish advertisements? When do people place them in the newspaper?

33) Have you read today’s issue of any newspaper?

34) What is the leading article devoted to?

35) Does the author give any interesting figures and facts?

36) Do you advise us to read the article? Why? Give your reasons.

37) Which political and economic problems are you interested in? Is there much material on these problems in the press?

Exercise 21—2

(based on the topic «Mass Media»)

(EU in the missing words:)

1. There are newspapers and magazines for readers of all ages, professions and levels of _____ , as well as for the enthusiasts of hobbies — from philately and tourism to _____ and cinema.

2. Besides, there are various _____ based on particular interests.

3. Today’s Ukrainian periodicals are _____ and the state guarantees their _____ independence.

4. Nowadays Ukraine numbers over 4,000 _____ varying in forms of ownership, genre, type and _____ .

5. People always _____ await the next issues of these _____ and when they come on sale, long _____ form early in the morning at news-stands.

6. Nobody can doubt the role of the _____ in present-day life.

7. It is _____ important.

8. A lot of people _____ to various papers and journals which are _____ to their homes.

9. The «Vechimy Kyiv» is a _____ independent paper, and its _____ is very big, because this newspaper _____ the readers of local and national events.

10. Besides, I ani fond of reading such magazines as «Vitchizna,» «Vsesvit,» newspapers the «News from Ukraine» and the «Digest» which are _____ in English.

11. Their _____ deal with very burning problems of our present-day life and history, sometimes they are _____ and entertaining and touch upon cultural and sport _____ .

12. There are also magazines for children, young people and women, socio-political, _____ , scientific, popular science, sports an _____ periodicals.

13. They can be daily, weekly, _____ and monthly.

14. There is a wide _____ of TV and radio _____ in our country.

15. Television is now _____ being used to analyse the socio-economic _____ taking place in Ukraine.

16. It _____ more on reports, discussions, commentaries and dialogues with _____ .

17. They discuss ways of improving the Ukrainian and solving social _____ .

18.After such discussion there are tens of thousands of phone _____ from viewers all of which are not left

19.Many people watch TV at _____ .

20.Television _____ our knowledge about the world in which we live.

21. Ukraine is a member of the International Telecommunication Union and an active _____ in the Intervision network, _____ under ITU auspices.

22. The state TV and Radio Company _____ two channels and includes _____ services specializing in political _____ , public-political programmes, current _____ , youth and sports _____.

23. The National Press Club is a public politically _____ organization whose main target and purpose consist in _____ contacts among the media people in Ukraine and beyond its _____ , and in improving the Ukrainian journalists’ _____ experience.

Exercise 21—3

For each sentence place the letter of the best meaning in the space provided:

1. American radio and television are often criticised for__________________________________

a) the poor educational and artistic value of their programmes;

b) disregarding the ideological aspect;

c) devoting too much time to advertising;

d) lack of freedom of speech.

2. In their spare time millions of Americans

a) go to the theatre;

b) pursue their hobbies;

c) watch television;

d) go to the exhibitions.

3. Soap opera is broadcasted for

a) students;

b) housewives;

c) scientists;

d) teachers.

4. The main aim of American radio and television is to

a) raise the cultural level of listeners and viewers;

b) provide entertainment;

c) advertise goods;

d) mould public opinion.

5. The American radio, television and press

a) devote very much time to education;

b) present events in a false light;

c) divert the attention of listeners and TV viewers from important social and political problems;

d) draw the attention of listeners and TV viewers to important social and political problems.

Exercise 21—4

Insert prepositions or adverbs where necessary:

1. When Jack is back home he usually goes _____ the radio and switches it _____ .

2. The new studio equipment has everything necessary _____ the sounding and final work _____ the film.

3. According _____ official mass media the troops will be withdrawn _____ the occupied territory next week.

4. «Did the speaker dwell the problems connected _____ he privatisation _____ railway service?»

5. The problem being solved is _____ great importance.

6. I saw the document signed _____ all the delegates.

7. The economic is expected to worsen as a result _____ inflation.

8. Both sides are known to be interested _____ establishing closer economic links.

9. The immense cultural possibilities _____ radio and television are mainly used to convince people that they should buy more things than they need.

10. There is a lot of education both _____ the radio and _____ television.

11. During a radio panel-game listeners send questions _____ the studio to be answered _____ the members of the panel, who compete _____ the best results.

12. The daily paper dominates family life breakfast, TV dominates the life _____ the family most _____ the time.

13. People ______ Britain buy more papers _____ Sunday than _____ week days.

14. _____ Britain the popular papers are smaller _____ size, _____ lots _____ pictures and often contain real information.

15. The other fascinating programme _____ the same evening was the weekly «Tomorrow’s World» a science feature which deals new inventions.

Exercise 21—5

Complete the sentences:

1. As it is reported from New York (London) _____ .

2. As it is clear from the article _____ .

3. The speaker commented on _____ .

4. The commentator touched upon _____ .

5. The commission come to the conclusion that _____ .

6. The newspaper carries an article devoted to _____ .

7. In conclusion the delegate said that _____ .

8. The speaker called for _____ .

9. Reports say that _____ .

10. The Government is planning to .

11. The worsening ecologic situation was caused by _____ .

12. The situation in the country continues to be______ .

13. The decision of the committee was to _____ .

14. As a result of the talks the two leaders reached agreement of _____ .

15. The policy pursued by the new administration aimed at _________.

16. According to the official mass media _____ .

17. Reading today’s newspaper I came across an article on _____ .

18. The author of the article made a review of _____ .

19. In the report the Prime Minister dwelt on _____ .

20. According to the BBC _____ .

21. The two leaders exchanged views on _____ .

22. The aim of the President’s visit is _____ .

23. The delegate suggested that _____ .

Exercise 21—6

Fill in the blanks with the word that best fits the meaning of each sentence:

















1. Reports say that as the result of _____ instability and acute shortage of food supplies the crime rate in the country has greatly increased.

2. Soon after the separatist rebellion was crushed and unity restored the Government adopted a ______ Constitution.

3. The Head of the Atomic Energy Commission made it clear that the worsening _____ situation was caused by the tests recently carried on in the region.

4. Speaking on TV the Prime Minister said the Government would take _____ steps to improve the work of public services.

5. The Minister of Economy said the Government was responsible for the worsening economic situation due to inability to introduce a _____ economy.

6. The Government is expected to take _____ measures aimed at reducing inflation and stepping up the growth of economy.

7. New efforts are being made to break the deadlock between the _____ forces. A special United Nations envoy had talks with the representatives of both sides.

8. The situation in the country continues to be tense despite the efforts of the Government to settle the differences between the _____ groups.

9. The official media reports that two senior ministers have re signed in protest against the inability of the leadership to solve _____ economic problems.

10. Reports say that thousands of people in the capital demonstrated in support of the demand of the opposition parties for _____ reforms to achieve necessary transformation in economy.

11. The President said that one of the _____ tasks facing humanity was to create a nuclear-free world.

12. The two countries reached agreement on re-establishing the _____ relations which were broken off about _____ five years ago.

13. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations the two states have co-operated in the spheres of trade, science and culture. Their relations have always been based on the principles of equality and _____ benefit.

14. A BBC correspondent says that the agreement on a general cease fire has been signed. Under the agreement the troops are to be withdrawn from _____ the territory and the prisoners are to be exchanged.

15. The Prime Minister told at a news conference that the main aim of the policy pursued by the Government was to defend peace, democracy and _____ rights.

16. The President called on all the _____ forces to unite and act together.

Exercise 21—7

End the expressions with the best meaning, use them in your own sentences while speaking on the topic «Mass Media»:

1. Mass media should (shouldn’t)

(give information without commentary; comment on the facts presented; present various views on the same points; mislead public opinion; mould public opinion; present facts in a false light; distort facts; be objective; devote more time to entertainment; devote too much (more) time to such subjects as rise in crime, ethnic unrest, political disturbances, accidents, disasters, finances, health care, education).

2. I watch TV programmes

(very seldom; very often; every day; from early morning till late at night; once a week; only at weekend; once a month; every other day).

3. Most of all I am fond of

(detective films; lectures on literature or music; soap operas; thrillers, horror films; newsreels; feature films; educational films; science fiction films; popular scientific films; documentary films; animated cartoons films; serials).

4. I like programmes which provide  

(entertainment; food for thought; relaxation).

5. Most of all I like programmes which

(are of great artistic value; don’t interfere with one’s work; make one very sleepy; are of great educational value; amuse both young and old people).

6. I usually turn on TV set  

(early in the morning; when I come home from work; before I go to bed; as soon as I wake up; late in the evening).

7. I am used to listening to

(latest news; educational programmes; classical music; rock music; lectures on history and literature; various advertisements; programmes for housewives).

8. When I have some free time, I usually read __________________

(a newspaper; a book; a magazine; a detective story; advertisements, commercials).

9. Especially I am fond of reading

(business reports; arts section; news summary; sport section; political section; home and overseas section; job advertisements; weather reports; death notices; front page; column heading; leading articles; captions).

10. I consider mass media

(to play an important part in our life to mould public opinion; to educate people; to influence the way people look at the world; to change our views; to be a habit-forming drug impossible to resist; to provide entertainment; to develop our artistic taste and cultural level).

Exercise 21—8

Discuss the meaning of these sayings:

1. When a dog bites a man, that is not news, but when a man bites

a dog, that is the news.  

2. No news is good news.

3. Bad news has wings.

4. Bad news is soon told.

5. Believe no news until it is old.

6. He that brings good news, knocks boldly.

7. Ill news is commonly true.

8. Ill news travels fast.

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