Розмовні теми частина 2 - Т. М. Гужва 2003

Choosing a career

Exercise 18-1

Answer the following questions:

1. What is your future profession? / What is your profession (occupation)?

2. Had you a dilemma in choosing your profession (occupation)?

3. What subjects have you always given your preference to?

4. Did your parents (friends) impose their views, likes and dislikes

5. When did you make a choice to become an English teacher (a lawyer, an economist, an accountant, a doctor, a designer, etc.)?

6. What do you have to do to master English?

7. What is your regular business?

8. Have you got a big personnel (staff)?

9. How do you (your parents) earn your (their) living?

10. What special education does your (future) profession require? Name some other occupations in which special education or training is required?

11. How many hours a day do you (your parents) work?

12. Are you satisfied with your salary?

13. What are the merits and demerits of your (your parents’) job? Give your reasons.

4. What is the noblest and most difficult of professions?

15. Are the teachers of English in great demand nowadays?

16. What is the teacher’s aim in life?

17. Why are the teachers proud of their profession and their role in educating young people?

18. What must you do to be a good teacher?

Exercise 18-2

(based on the topic «Choosing a Career»)

Fill in the missing words:

1. It is very important for us to make the right of profession.

2. My English teacher was a person I loved best at school because our English lessons were always interesting and _____ .

3. I managed to do a lot of grammar exercises and found it useful to _____ my language _____ and _____ .

4. I tried to read _____ English books, newspapers and magazines in English on a _____ basis.

5. I was _____ to have a very good _____ laboratory at my school.

6. It had modem _____ and we used to spend plenty of time in it listening to different _____ , imitating the sounds and _____ of native speakers of English.

7. But what I find especially useful for one _____ English is listening to the _____ of TV and radio programmes.

8. In my opinion it is impossible to do without foreign languages because of _____ economic and cultural _____ of Ukraine with other countries of the world.

9. Nowadays the teachers of English are in great _____ in our country.

10. This profession is to my though I understand that it is a difficult _____ .

11. A teacher is a sculptor of young _____ , he is a person to whom society has _____ its children, its hopes, its future.

12. This noblest profession demands of the teacher _____ thought, _____ for children and ______ to _____ his _____ cause.

13. A good teacher _____ in his pupils the desire to know and love for the truth and _____ .

14. Teaching is a constant stream of _____ , and for this reason it demands great _____ .

15. The profession of a teacher is a _____ and important one.

16. But at the same time it is also a very difficult and _____ job.

17. From time _____ a teacher had been an honourable and _____ person.

18. The teacher must _____ all his knowledge, skills and _____ to children.

Exercise 18-3

Following is a list of reasons a person may have for leaving or changing jobs. Talk about each reason and check the ones you think are acceptable to give an interviewer:

___________ I don’t like the job I have.

___________ There isn’t much room for advancement.

___________ I was laid off because business was slow.

___________ I didn’t get along with the boss.

___________ I’m bored with my job.

___________ I want to work on a job that is more interesting.

___________ My job is a long way from my house. I’d like to get something closer.

___________. My job is a long way from my house. I have trouble getting to work on time.

___________ The pay is very low.

___________ I hurt my back and I’m unable to do heavy work.

Exercise 18-4

Interview another student. Write down his (her) answers:

1. What kind of job are you looking for?

2. Are you working now?

4. How long have you been working there?

5. What jobs have you had? And exactly what did you do?

6. Tell me about education and any special training you have had.

7. What other skills do you have?

8. What hours can you work?

9. Why do you want to change your job?

10. Do you have any questions about the job?

Exercise 18-5

Prove that proverbs (sayings) have sense:

1. Business before pleasure.

2. The work shows the workman.

3. Idleness is the mother of all evil.

4. Practice makes perfect.

5. A bad shearer never had a good sickle. (A bad workman quarrels with his tools).

6. Jack of all trades is master of none.

7. The hardest work is to do nothing.

8. Ninety per cent of inspiration is perspiration.

9. Through hardship to stars.

10. What is worth doing at all is worth doing well.

11. He that would eat the fruit must climb the tree.

12. He that will not work shall not eat.

13. He’ll eat till he sweats and work till he freezes.

14. Doing is better than saying.

15. Make the best or a bad job.

16. By doing nothing we learn to be ill.

17. A beggar can never be bankrupt.

18. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

19. An idle brain is the devil’s workshop.

Exercise 18-6

Match each sentence or word in the left-hand column with the best meaning in the right-hand column. Place the letter of the best definition in the space provided:

1. accountant

2. surgeon

3. lawyer

4. journalist

5. carpenter

6. barber

7. architect

8. nurse

9. turner

10. secretary

11. bricklayer

12. engineer

13. economist

14. sculptor

a) a person who practises law, especially a banister or solicitor

b) a worker who makes and repairs, especially the wooden parts of buildings and other structures of wood

c) a person whose profession is to keep and examine business accounts

d) a person who designs and supervises the construction of the buildings

e) a doctor who performs operations

f) a person engaged in journalism (work of writing for editing or publishing jour nals)

g) a person who cares for people who are ill or injured

h) an employee in an office, who deals with correspondence, keeps records, makes arrangements and appointments for a particular member of the staff

i) a person whose trade is shaving and cutting men’s hair

j) a workman who builds with bricks

k) a person who works a lathe

l) a person who writes lectures on economics or political economy

m) an artist who sculptures

n) a person who works in a branch of engineering; a person who designs engines, machines, bridges, railways; a skilled or trained person who controls communications

Exercise 18-7

We spend a great deal of our lives thinking about food. A lot of people say that our attitude to food is the same as our attitude to life. Do this questionnaire and discover more about yourself and which jobs you would be good at:

1. If you were invited to have dinner in an expensive restaurant by your friend’s parents and you discovered that they had your favourite food but it was very expensive, would you order it?

a) Yes

b) No

c) Maybe

2. If you were on a diet but someone offered you a piece of chocolate cake because it was his birthday, would you eat it?

a) No

b) Yes

c) Maybe

3. In some parts of China, they eat dogs. If you went to China, would you try it?

a) No, because it would taste horrible

b) Yes

c) Maybe, but you would prefer not to, because you like dogs

4. If you were in a restaurant and you found a hair in your food would you complain?

a) No

b) Yes

c) Maybe

5. If you invited a friend to your house for dinner but dropped the food on the floor (which was clean) two minutes before they arrived, what would you do?

a) Confess and buy something else

b) Pick it up and say nothing

c) Confess but explain that the floor was clean

6. If you invited your vegetarian friend to dinner but after the meal you rememberer that your mother had put a little bit of meat in it, would you tell him/her?

a) No

b) Yes

c) Maybe

7. If you went to a party where you didn’t know anyone but there was a lot of food, what would you do?

a) Eat the food

b) Try to talk to new people

c) Carry around the food, offering it to people

8. If you only had one of your favourite chocolates left, who would you offer it to?

a) Nobody

b) A boyfriend/girlfriend

c) Anyone

9. Have you ever bought any food (such as chocolate, ice cream or cakes) after seeing or hearing an advertisement?

a) Yes

b) No

c) Can’t remember

10. If you were in England and you went to a restaurant and saw a sign which said, «All you can eat for £10,» what would you do?

a) Eat what you wanted but no more

b) Eat as much as possible until you were sick

c) Eat as much as possible and then try to take some home by putting it in your bag.

Food Psychology Analysis

1) a = 1

b = 3

c = 2

2) a = 1

b = 3

c = 2

3) a = 1

b = 3

c = 2

4) a = 3

b = 3

c = 2

5) a = 3

b = 1

c = 2

6) a = 1

b = 3

c = 2

7) a = 1

b = 2

c = 3

8) a = 1

b = 2

c = 3

9) a = 3

b = 2

c = 1

10) a = 3

b = 2

c = 1

10-15: You are quite a determined person, aren’t you? You make decisions quickly and work quite hard. You are also quite competitive, aren’t you? You like winning and being top of the class. Occasionally you are a bit stubborn.

Jobs which you would enjoy: Lawyer, Accountant, Traffic Warden.

16-23: You are a logical person. You like talking to people. But you are also happy when you are alone. You are normally quite relaxed and organized, although you occasionally panic when you have to do exams!

Jobs which you would enjoy: Manager, Computer analyst, Engineer, Football referee.

24-30: You are a kind person who usually thinks of your friends. Normally you are very generous and energetic. When people have problems-they talk to you, don’t they?

Jobs which you would enjoy: Doctor, Teacher, Psychologist.

Exercise 18-8

In the space provided, mark each true statement T and each false statement F:

1. Americans never change jobs during their lifetime.

2. The Small Business Administration is a US government agency established in 1953.

3. Before World War II, most American women work outside the home.

4. In most American families, both husband and wife must work in order to afford a home or a college education for their children.

5. Nowadays most of American husbands do not approve of their wives having a job.

6. American teenagers do not like to take job during their vacations.

7. American teenagers never work during the school year.

8. Many Americans retire at the age of 60.

9. The federal government provides social security for workers who retire.

10. Groups of retired Americans work for educational, social, religious, or political causes.

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