Seasons and weather, climate
a) Read and act the dialogues.
b) Make up the dialogues based on the models using as many words as possible dealing with topic «Season and Weather, Climate».
The Weather Forecast
Carol and Nathan Ackerman live in Washington, D.C. They’re planning a weekend trip.
Nate: I know, Carol! Why don’t we go to the Pennsylvania Dutch country?
Carol: It’s a long way, Nate.
Nate: Oh, it isn’t too far. Anyway, the highway’s an Interstate, so we can get there quickly.
Carol: But Pennsylvania’s often cold at this time of the year. It might snow.
Nate: Well, yes. It might, but I don’t think it will.
Carol: I’m not sure. It is December, and I’m afraid of driving in the snow. And we might not be able to find a hotel. They might be closed.
Nate: Oh, that’s no problem. I can make a reservation by phone tonight.
Carol: Well, maybe it’s not a bad idea. We might have beautiful weather.
Nate: Oh, we’ll enjoy ourselves anyway. Let’s watch the weather forecast on TV. We might not go to Pennsylvania. We might go to Virginia or North Carolina. We can decide after the forecast.
«Let’s look now at the weather map. It’s generally clear in the Washington area with some rain over here in the mountains of Virginia. It’s 43° now outside our studio. That’s 6° Celsius. Our low tonight will be 34°. The humidity is a damp 75 per cent, with winds from the north-west. Now let’s look at the forecast for tomorrow. It’ll be colder, with a high of 36°. They’ll be getting snow in northern Pennsylvania and in upstate New York. We might get some of the snow, but probably we’ll have a little rain instead. The rest of the Northeast and Middle Atlantic states will be grey and overcast, except it’ll be partly cloudy with occasional sunshine south of us in Virginia and North Carolina. We might get some cold winds tomorrow from the north-west, and they might bring us some of that snow. So keep that in mind if you’re driving this weekend, because Sunday looks like more of the same.»
(from «American Streamline »)
to make a reservation by phone — забронировать по телефону • забронювати no телефону
upstate New York — северная часть Нью-Йорка • північна частина Нью Йорку
to keep smth. in mind — помнить ч.-л. • пам'ятати щось
Remarks About the Weather
Olaf: Why do English people so often say something about the weather when they begin a conversation with strangers?
Mr. Green: Well, of course, in England the weather’s always changing. We never know what to expect. If you were in a country where the weather doesn’t change much, it would be difficult to say much about it. But you asked why we talk about the weather to strangers. That’s an interesting question. It’s probably because the weather’s a subject it’s quite safe to talk about. It’s a way of reaching agreement. I begin by saying, «A cold morning, isn’t it?» The other man says, «It certainly is». I say, «It’s been cold all week,» and the other man says, «Yes, we’re having a very cold spring». So far we’ve agreed about everything. Perhaps I make a remark about something I’ve seen in the newspaper. I say, perhaps, «I see the Italians have beaten us at football again». The other man says, on subjects of this kind, on which there can be no disagreement, we’re beginning to feel friendly. If we’d started with subjects on which disagreement was possible, politics, for example, we might not have become friendly. Language isn’t used only for giving or asking for facts.
Mrs. Green: Remarks about the weather are a safe way of opening communication with a stranger. When I go abroad, to a country where I can’t speak the language, I always try to learn a few phrases, like «Good morning,» «Good afternoon,» «Isn’t it a nice day,» «Please» and «Thank you». People are suspicious of strangers who are completely silent.
Gilda: Then our English textbooks ought to give us lots of remarks about the weather!
Mr. Green: They’re certainly useful when you come to this country.
(from A. S. Hornby)
stranger — незнакомец, чужеземец • незнайомий, чужинець
to reach agreement — достичь соглашения • досягти згоди
to be suspicious of — подозревать, относиться с недоверием • підозрювати, ставитися з недовірою
Additional Topic №1
The Climate of Great Britain
As we know from our lessons on geography, climate is the average weather conditions of a certain place. It is made up of the average summer and winter temperature, the amount of sunshine, the direction of the winds, the average rainfall, etc.
The British Isles are surrounded by the ocean and have an insular climate. The climate is moister and more equable than that of Central Europe.
Western winds that flow from the Atlantic Ocean influence the climate of Great Britain. The climate is mild and strong frosts are rare. The January average temperature is higher and the July temperature is lower than in most European countries.
The coldest part of the country is the Highlands of Scotland. It is as frosty in Scotland as in Sankt-Peterburg. In January south-western England (Devon and Cornwall) is the warmest part in Great Britain. The snow is rare and it never lies for long. In summer the south-eastern part of England is the wannest.
There is an abundance of rainfall in the west, which is the reason for thick fogs.
average — среднее число, средний • середнє, середній
amount — сумма, итог, количество • сума, підсумок, кількість
direction — направление • напрямок
to influence — влиять • впливати
rare — редкий • рідкий
abundance — изобилие, достаточность • достаток
Additional Topic №2
The Climate of the United States of America
Along the western coast of the USA the climate is generally warm. The reason for that is that this place is protected from the cold winds of the north by the Rocky Mountains and is open to the influence of the warm winds of the Pacific Ocean. In the southern part of this coast line the climate is hot and dry, the rainfall is very low. Along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean coast line, there is much rainfall. As for the climate of the eastern coast line of the USA, we can find some fluctuations.
Due to the influence of the Labrador Sea current, vast masses of cold air flow over that place and lower the temperature. The Gulf Stream (the warm sea current of the Atlantic Ocean) has less influence upon the climate of the USA than upon that of West Europe.
to protect — защищать • захищати
fluctuation — колебание • коливання
vast masses — огромные массы • величезні маси