Розмовні теми частина 1 - Т. М. Гужва 2003


Read, translate and render in brief.

Text 6-1

British Meals

The usual meals are breakfast, lunch, tea, dinner and supper. Breakfast is generally a bigger meal than you have on the Continent, though some English people like a «continental» breakfast of rolls and butter and coffee. But the usual English breakfast is porridge or «Corn Flakes» with milk or cream and sugar, bacon and eggs, marmalade (made from oranges) with buttered toast, and tea or coffee. For a change you can have a boiled egg, cold ham, or perhaps fish.

We generally have lunch at about one-o’clock. A businessman in London usually finds it impossible to come home for lunch, and so he goes to a cafe or restaurant; but if I am making lunch at home I have cold meat (left over probably from yesterday’s dinner), potatoes, salad and pickles, with a pudding or fruit to follow. Sometimes we have a mutton chop, or steak and chips, followed by biscuits and cheese, and some people like a glass of light beer with lunch.

Afternoon tea you can hardly call a meal, but it is a sociable sort of thing, as friends often come in then for a chat while they have their cup of tea, cake or biscuit.

In some houses dinner is the biggest meal of the day. We had rather a special one last night, as we had an important visitor from South America to see Mr. Priestley.

We began with soup, followed by fish, roast chicken, potatoes and vegetables, a sweet, fruit and nuts. Then we went into the sitting-room for coffee and cigarettes.

But in my house, as in a great many English homes, we make the midday meal the chief one of the day, and in the evening we have the much simpler supper — an omelette, or sausages, sometimes bacon and eggs and sometimes just bread and cheese, a cup of coffee or cocoa and fruit.

But uncle Albert always has "high tea». He says he has no use for these «afternoon teas» where you try to hold a cup of tea in one hand and a piece of bread and butter about as thin as a sheet of paper in the other. He’s a Lancashire man, and nearly everyone in Lancashire likes high tea. They have it between five and six o’clock, and they have ham or tongue and tomatoes and salad, or sausages, with good strong tea, plenty of bread and butter, then stewed fruit, or a tin of pears, apricots or pineapple with cream or custard and pastries or a good cake. And that's what they call a good tea.

(from C.E. Eckersley)

corn flakes — овсяные хлопья • вівсяні пластівці

marmalade — мармелад • мармелад

buttered toast — ломтик хлеба, подрумяненный на огне на сливочном масле; гренок; тост • скибочка хліба, підрум'янена на вогні на верткому маслі; грінка; тост

for a change — для разнообразия • для різноманітності

probably — вероятно • ймовірно

steak — бифштекс • біфштекс

chief — главный • головний

tin (Br.) / can (Am.) — банка консервированных продуктов, консервы • банка консервованих продуктів, бляшанка

Text 6-2

Mary Makes Onion Soup

John’s wife is called Mary. Both John and Mary are fond of soup. So Mary is going to make some soup for their supper. Mary is a good cook, so before she starts work she always gets together everything she will want. She has everything ready on her kitchen table now. She has four onions, half an ounce of fat, salt, and pepper. The soup will be onion soup.

What is Mary doing now? She is cutting up the onions. She is cutting them into thin slices. When she has sliced the onions, she will put the fat into a pan, put the pan on the gas-stove, and light the gas. When the fat has melted, she will put the onions into the pan. She will cook the onions gently for about fifteen minutes. She does not want the onions to stick to the pan, so from time to time she will shake the pan.

Mary has cooked the onions. Now she is pouring into the pan some water in which meat and bones have been boiled for a long time. Mary is adding two pints of this water. She will also add some salt and pepper. She will let the soup boil for about half an hour.

The soup is made now. Mary has cut four slices of bread and is toasting them. Two of the slices are in the electric toaster. When the four slices are toasted, Mary will put them in the bottom of the soup- plates. Then she will pour the soup over the toast.

The four slices of bread are all toasted now. Mary has put them in the soup-plates. Now she is pouring the soup over the hot toast. What will she do next? She will call her husband and two children. She will tell them to come and have supper.

(from A. S. Hornby)

ounce — унция (28,35 г) • унція (28,35 г)

to melt — таять • танути

bone — кость • кістка

to add — добавлять • додавати

to pour — лить • лити

Text 6-3

John Gets His Own Dinner

Mary has taken the children to see their grandparents. Mary's parents live in the country, about fifteen miles away. John likes to work in the garden on Saturdays, so he has not gone with Mary. He is at home, and he is alone.

John has to get his own dinner. He is not a good cook. He knows very little about cooking. What will John have for dinner?

What is there in the kitchen cupboard? There are lots of things. There are tins of soup, tins of meat, tins of fish, tins of vegetables, and tins of fruit. There are so many tins that John finds it difficult to choose. At last he takes down from the shelves a tin of tomato soup and a tin of sardines.

For a long time John could not find the tin-opener. He did not know where Mary kept it. At last he found it in a drawer. He has opened the tin of soup. He thinks he is very clever because he has done this without cutting his fingers. He is going to pour the soup into a pan.

John has poured the soup into a pan and has put it on the gas- stove. Now he is opening the other tin. This is more difficult. It has a different kind of opener. This opener is like a key and John has to turn it round and round. The sardines are from Portugal and are in olive oil. Once again John is clever enough to open the tin without cutting himself. He will empty the sardines out onto a dish.

While John is turning the sardines out onto the dish, he hears a noise. He looks round quickly. The tomato soup has boiled over. The top and sides of the stove are a beautiful pink colour. The pan is almost empty. John will not have tomato soup today.

«Well, I still have the sardines,» John says to himself. He turns away from the stove. But John will not have sardines, either. The cat has jumped on to the table. She has eaten all the sardines and is now licking the dish clean.

John did not open any more tins. He threw a pan at the cat but missed her. Then he put his coat on and went out. There was a good restaurant only a hundred yards away. The waitress was very pretty and John soon forgot his troubles.

Last summer John had to look after himself for a week while his wife and the children were away at the seaside during the school holidays. John lived well. He opened lots of tins. But John does not like washing up. When Mary arrived home after her holiday, she found every plate, every cup and saucer, every pan and dish, every bowl and jug, every knife, fork and spoon, waiting to be washed up. There were mountains of dishes!

(from A. S. Hornby)

tin-opener — ключ для вскрытия консервных банок • ключ для відкриття бляшанок

to be clever enough — быть достаточно умным • бути достатньо розумним

to empty — опустошить • спустошити

to lick — лизать, слизывать • лизати, злизувати

waitress — официантка • офіціантка

Text 6-4

Eating Out Mi mi Hilton (Part 1)

This three-month-old restaurant has attracted attention because it is a restored, one hundred fifty-year-old mill. The decor is charming and warm in an Early American, country style. Although the tables and chairs are modem reproductions, there are enough authentic antique pieces at the entrance and on the walls to avoid the fake Disneyland look of some restorations.

The menu is also very American, though it is a bit too traditional for my taste. The menu also is very extensive, which always worries me because a large menu often means a large freezer. Although my dinner companions and I chose some things from the regular menu, we usually chose one of the day’s specials.

The most delicious main course we tried was the country stew which consisted of potatoes, carrots, peas, mushrooms, very tender beef, and — surprise! — some smoked pork sausage. Because top quality beef was used, it was unusually good. Among other well-prepared main courses was the fried chicken because it wasn’t cooked before and then re-heated. It was fresh and crisp.

The vegetables that came with the main courses were fresh but overcooked. The only exception was the string beans which were green and crisp.

Because the main courses are so large, there is really no need for an appetizer or soup. But for big eaters, I can recommend the mixed salad. The clam chowder was tasty because it was home-made, but it had no special distinction. The oysters on the half-shell were nicely served on a bed of ice, although I would prefer to have a better sauce for them.

If you can still eat dessert after all this plus rather good homemade bread and creamery butter, try the apple pie. The apples were juicy and firm and the pastry was light.

It’s hard to judge the service at this friendly restaurant. Because it was so crowded when I went, usually at 8 o’clock, the service was slow. The Reservation system doesn’t always work. On one occasion, someone took our reservation for dinner but didn’t have it when we arrived. This kind of thing can damage a restaurant’s reputation, although its food may be good.

New Fast Food Chain Arrives (Part 2)

The Nashville Superburger chain, which started in the Tennessee city six years ago, opened its first store here last weekend on Commerce Street between Grant and Taylor Streets. I was interested to see the connection between Nashville, the capital of country music, and hamburgers. Would the burgers be Southern fried? Would they be served on biscuits or with grits? Would they be shaped like guitars? Well, I’ve been there twice and didn’t find any real difference between Nashville Superburgers and McDonald’s, Burger King, or Wendy’s.

The place was so brightly lit that I wished I had brought my sunglasses. Once I got used to the light, I liked the green and orange decor, usually found in health food places. Because those colours mean yoghurt and alfalfa sprouts, I felt good and almost healthy about having fast food. Plus, the place was spotlessly clean — almost antiseptic.

Although there were long lines, service was incredibly fast. The menu is limited to a variety of hamburgers, and the prices are reasonable. I had the «Super-Duper-Burger,» which was served with lettuce and tomato. Although the meat itself was rather grey and tasteless, the «secret relish» made it passable. The French fries were the best I’ve ever eaten at a fast food restaurant.          

Everybody seemed to be drinking milkshakes, and although I usually shy away from them in fast food places I felt I should try one. It was thick and sweet — and there was probably not one drop of natural milk in it. Even though these may be low in cholesterol, I want whole milk, real ice cream, and natural flavourings in my milkshakes. Although I am as concerned as anyone else about health, I’ll fight the cholesterol battle somewhere else.

Nashville Superbuiger is a sure bet when you’re downtown and in a hurry. I was in and out in ten minutes. It reminded me of a highway filling station.

(from "American Streamline")

to attract attention — привлекать внимание • привертати увагу

mill — мельница • млин

charming — очаровательный • чарівний

specials — фирменные блюда • фірмові страви

crisp — хрустящий • хрусткий

to judge — судить • судити

occasion — случай, оказия • випадок, оказія

to damage — повредить, навредить • зашкодити, нашкодити

drop — капля • крапля

Text 6-5

Food for Thought

«One man’s meat is another man’s poison».

(Traditional proverb)

There is a wide range of nutritious foods in the world. However, eating habits differ from country to country. In some societies certain foods are taboo. An eccentric millionaire once invited guests from several countries to a banquet and offered them his menu. All the foods are popular in some parts of the world, but are not eaten in others.

«Part of the secret of success in life is to eat what you like, and let the food fight it out inside you».

(Mark Twain)

Here are some common ideas about food:

Eating carrots is good for the eyes.

Fish is good for the brain.

Eating cheese at night makes you dream.

Garlic keeps you from getting colds.

Drinking coffee keeps you from sleeping.

Yoghurt makes you live long.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

Warm milk helps you go to sleep.

A cup of tea settles your stomach.

Brown eggs taste better than white ones.

«More die in the United States of too much food than too little».

(John Kenneth Galbraith)

At different times in different countries there have been different ideas of beauty. The rich would always want to look fat in a society where food was scarce and to look thin in a society where food was plentiful. The current interest in losing weight is because of fashion as well as health. However, overeating causes a variety of illnesses.

«One should eat to live, not live to eat».


«...set yourself at a restaurant in front of an eight-ounce steak and then imagine the room filled with 45 to 50 people with empty bowls in front of them. For the ‘feed cost’ of your steak, each of their bowls could be filled with a full cup of cooked cereal grains!»

(Frances Moore Lappe, Diet for a Small Planet)

«Year by year, while the world’s population has increased, the food supply has increased more. Supply of nourishing food could be enormously increased if, in the richer countries of the world, people were prepared to eat some of the food they feed to their pigs and cattle... and to their pet dogs and cats».

(Dr. Magnus Руkе) (from «American Streamline»)

Text 6-6

The Food People Eat

What about the food people eat! I know a man who only eats natural foods; he takes a lot of vitamins. I’ve never seen anybody who looks so ill! I like good food and I think most healthy food is really tasteless. For breakfast I usually have toast and coffee, and at weekends when I have more time I have bacon and fried eggs. If I get hungry in the middle of the morning I have a bar of chocolate, then, for lunch — a sandwich (made with white bread, of course). After a day’s work in the office I’m pretty hungry and in the evenings I like a big meal of meat and potatoes. My ill-looking friend is horrified by what I eat; his breakfast is a piece of wholemeal bread with a cup of herbal tea and then for lunch he has rice — and in the evenings, beans and a salad. He says it’s very good for him, but I'm not so sure.

There’s nothing wrong with being healthy and keeping fit but with some people it’s almost a religion. Nothing can make me go jogging. No, thank you, I’d rather sit and have a cup of coffee and a cigarette while the joggers are out running around the streets. I get my exercise walking to the bus stop on my way to work.

(from «Modem English »)

bar of chocolate — плитка шоколада • плитка шоколаду

to horrify — шокировать, коробить • шокувати

wholemeal bread — хлеб крупного помола • хліб крупного помелу

herbal tea — чай из трав • чай із трав

rice — рис • рис

beans — фасоль • квасоля

keeping fit — быть в форме • бути у формі

to go jogging — бегать трусцой • бігати підтюпцем

joggers — люди, бегущие трусцой • люди, що біжать підтюпцем

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