Розмовні теми частина 1 - Т. М. Гужва 2003

My working day

Read the texts, give a summary and discuss them.

Text 3-1

Everyday Life

I wake at about seven o’clock and then it is time for me to get up. I like a cold bath every morning, so I put on my dressing-gown and slippers and go to the bathroom. The water feels very cold on winter mornings, but I rub myself hard with the towel and soon I feel quite warm.

Then I shave, brush my teeth and wash my face and go back to the bathroom to dress. I brush and comb my hair, take a clean handkerchief out of the drawer and go downstairs for breakfast at a quarter past eight. After breakfast I sit and read my morning newspaper and smoke a cigarette, or in summer I have a walk round my garden. I go into my study at nine o’clock and meet my students there, and the day’s work begins. At twelve-thirty I have a break for lunch. I usually have this at home, but sometimes I go out for lunch and have a chat with my friends before beginning work again at two o’clock. I generally finish my work by about five o’clock. Then I have a cup of tea and a biscuit, and in summer I spend an hour or so in the garden and play a few games of tennis, or go to the golf club and have a round of golf.

We have dinner at about seven-thirty or eight o’clock, and then we sit and talk, listen to the wireless or watch television, or Mrs. Priestley plays the piano. Sometimes, in summer, we take out the car and go for a drive in the country; in winter we go to the cinema or the theatre. But that is not often. I have a lot of work to do, and usually after dinner or supper I go to my study and read or write until twelve or one o’clock.

Mrs. Priestley, too, gets up soon after seven and goes downstairs to help Susan with the work. She cleans out the stove and fills it up with coke, so that they get plenty of hot water all day. Then she takes out the ashes from the sitting-room fire and re-lays it with paper and sticks and coal. Then it is all ready to light, and only needs a match put to it.

While Susan is doing that, Mrs. Priestley gets the breakfast ready. She puts the table cloth on the dining-room table and puts out the knives, forks and spoons, and the cups, saucers and plates. Then she goes and cooks the breakfast. She soon has the bacon and the eggs cooking in the frying-pan. She makes toasts, boils the kettle for tea or coffee, and we are ready to sit down at a quarter past eight.

After breakfast, Susan and Mrs. Priestley clean away the dishes. Then Susan washes and dries them, and Mrs. Priestley goes to do her shopping. Sometimes she goes to the shops — to the butcher’s to order the meat, to the grocer’s to buy tea, coffee, sugar, etc., but often she rings them up and orders what she wants by phone.

Then Mrs. Priestley and Susan go upstairs to make the beds, dust upstairs and downstairs, and do the carpets with electric-cleaner. It is about eleven o’clock by this time, so Mrs. Priestley changes her clothes and begins to get ready for lunch. After lunch she does some sewing or goes for a walk and visits her friends.

Then I join her for afternoon tea in the sitting-room — usually bringing one or two of my students with me. We have bread and butter (cut thin), jam or honey, cakes and biscuits.

Sometimes, in fact very often, we spend our evenings at home. You see, John is at the University and Margaret is now at aboarding-schooi and comes home only at the weekends; so, except when they are on holiday, there are only two of us at home. On these quiet evenings we have a very simple supper round the fire in the sitting-room, and when that is over I sometimes work in my study at a book that I am writing, but quite often I sit in my armchair at one side of the fire with my pipe and, for a change, a detective story. Mrs. Priestley sits on the other side with her book or her sewing; and Sally, our cat, lies on the carpet before the fire or jumps up on my knees. And when the wind is blowing through the trees outside and the rain is beating on the windows, our warm fire seems warmer and more cheerful than ever — and we often think that these «quiet» evenings are the best evenings of all.

(from С. E. Eckersley) 65

to rub oneself with the towel — растираться полотенцем • розтиратися рушником

to have a chat — поболтать • побалакати, потеревеніти

to fill up with coke — заполнять коксом • заповнювати коксом

ashes — пепел • попіл

coal — уголь • вугілля

to go to the batcher’s (grocer’s) — пойти в мясной отдел (бакалею) • піти до м 'ясного відділу (до бакалеї)

to order smth. by phone — заказать ч.-л. по телефону • замовити щось по телефону

to do sewing — заниматься шитьем • займатися шиттям

boarding-school — школа-интернат • школа-інтернат

to work at smth. — работать над ч.-л. • працювати над чимось

the wind is blowing — дует ветер • віє вітер

the rain is beating on — дождь стучит по, ударяется о • дощ капотить по

Text 3-2

Start Your Day

Feng Shui (pronounced «fung shway») is a Chinese system for deciding the right position for a building and for placing objects inside a building in order to make people feel comfortable and happy.

The right breakfast can make or break your day according to Feng Shui consultant, Simon Brown. And it’s no good just eating the right food either — you’ve got to eat it in the right place.

Morning is a very important time because it’s the transition from sleeping to waking. It’s best to wake naturally, by sunlight flooding into the room, or from a rumbling stomach. Parents will find it easier to get children out of bed if they need breakfast. By eating their last meal between six and seven the night before, their food is properly digested by bedtime, and they’re hungry in the morning.

When you’ve made your way, bleary-eyed, to the table, you should find it an inspiring place to start the day. If you get off on the wrong foot, you can usuallyguarantee the rest of the day will go from bad to worse. «The worst thing you can do is eat breakfast in a kitchen with last night’s washing-up on the work surface,»

says Simon. «It should be clutter-free». For an uplifting room to send you off full of energy use bright colours, like red and yellow. But for a calmer effect, decorate with pastel greens and blues, and choose the plates and bowls in the same way. If you’re planning to re-do your kitchen, let the energy flow through the room by using wooden worktops and tables, and ceramic tiles for the floors. Ideally, your breakfast place should be facing east, so you see the sun rising over your bowl of corn-flakes. You can also create a Feng Shut environment with plants and fresh flowers. Failing that, inspire yourself with a picture on the wall to look at while you eat. Simon explains, «Look around the room and think about the things that make you feel positive. Have a picture of something that motivates you, like a photo of a holiday destination you’re saving up to visit or a car you would love to buy».

(from "The Sunday Mirror »)

bleary-eyed — с затуманенными глазами • з затуманеними очима

inspiring — вдохновляющий, воодушевляющий • надихаючий, запалювальний

to get off on the wrong foot — неудачно начать, произвести плохое первое впечатление • невдало почати, справити погане перше враження

clutter-free - чистый, без мусора • чистий, без сміття tiles кафель • кахель

Text 3-3

Are you a lark or an owl?

If you are reading this article over your breakfast table, then you may well be a «lark» or morning type of person. «Owls, » or evening types, tend not to spend much time over breakfast. They have little appetite then and, as they are usually late risers, they are probably running short of time anyway. The time of day at which one is most alert and mentally at one’s best has been studied by those interested in the circadian rhythms.

Around half of the adult population are morning or evening types, the rest fall somewhere in the middle. There can be up to a twelve-hour difference in the time of day when the two types are at their peak. Larks tend to reach this point in the late morning, owls reach it at around 10.00 p.m.

Such contrasting times are due to more than just a difference in sleep habits. Larks and owls take similar amounts of sleep, although, as one might expect, larks tend to be «early to bed early to rise,» and owls the opposite. But there is seldom more than a three-hour lag in sleeping times between the two, especially for those who go out to work.

Although the time of peak alertness differs considerably from lark to owl, the circadian rhythms of other body functions, especially that of body temperature, do not differ by more than an hour or so between the two types. In both larks and owls, body temperature reaches its daily peak around 7.00-9.00 p.m. and a trough at about 4.00 a.m.

In the 1930s it was thought (wrongly) that the predisposing factor for being one or other of the types was a dominance of either the sympathetic or parasympathetic nervous system. In the 1940s, Professor William Sheldon, renowned for his classification of body build, turned his attention to temperaments. His «somatotonic» persons (active, assertive and aggressive people) were claimed to be clear cut morning types, whereas «cerebrotonics» (restrained, inhibited and withdrawn from social contact) were evening types.

More recently, psychologists have considered owls to be mainly extroverts and larks introverts. One explanation for this seeming contradiction is that extroverts are more inclined to enjoy socialising and nightlife, and therefore they are more likely to be owls.

But our work at Loughborough has shown that this is not the case: there is no correlation between introversion-extroversion and momingness-eveningness. One can easily find the extroverted morning type who is the life and soul of the breakfast table, and the introverted evening type who reads well into the night. There is, in fact, little by way of obvious personality differences between the two types.

(from Helen Naylor and Stuart Hagger)

owl - сова • сова

lark — жаворонок • жайворонок

to be alert - быть живым, проворным • бути жвавим, бадьорим

assertive — позитивный • позитивний

restrained — сдержанный, умеренный • стриманий, спокійний

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