Матеріали для Нової української школи 1 клас - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити

Англійська мова. Універсальне видання - підготовка до ЗНО та ДПА

ПЕРЕВІР СВОЇ ЗНАННЯ

 

Синоніми

 

TEST 1

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

see (saw, seen)

to perceive with the eyes;

бачити, дивитися; спостерігати;

watch

to look at or observe atten­tively over a period of time

спостерігати, стежити, наглядати;

notice

to become aware of

помічати; звертати увагу;

look

to direct one’s gaze in a specified direction

дивитися; оглядати; виглядати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. She laughed when she __________________ the expression on his face.

A watched

В saw

C noticed

D looked

 

2. Tourists __________________ quietly as the villagers performed a traditional dance.

A noticed

В seen

C watched

D looked

 

3. Dan __________________ at his watch.

A looked

В watched

C saw

D noticed

 

4. I __________________ that the door was open.

A saw

В watched

C looked

D noticed

 

5. I spent most of the morning __________________ for my passport.

A looking

В seeing

C watching

D noticing

 

6. Did you __________________ how pale he looks?

A see

В watch

C notice

D look

 

7. Millions __________________ the match on television.

A saw

В watched

C looked

D noticed

 

8. Didn’t you __________________ him talking to her earlier?

A look

В notice

C see

D watch

 

9. I think our house is being __________________.

A seen

В looked

C watched

D noticed

 

10. Susannah __________________ at herself in the mirror.

A saw

В looked

C watched

D noticed

 

11. Richard doesn’t __________________ his age at all.

A watch

В look

C notice

D see

 

12. He __________________ about twenty.

A saw

В watched

C noticed

D looked

 

TEST 2

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

gaze

to look steadily and intently, especially in admiration, surprise, or thought

пильно дивитися (на aton); вдивлятися

glance

to take a brief or hurried look; read quickly or cursorily;

кинути оком, глянути побіжно, зиркнути

peep

to look quickly and furtively at something, especially through a narrow opening

заглядати; дивитися примружившись (atinto);дивитися крізь маленький отвір (through);підглядати

stare

to look fixedly or vacantly at someone or something with one’s eyes wide open

пильно дивитися; витріщати очі (на когось - at,upon)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. He __________________ at her in amazement.

A peeped

В stared

C glanced

D gazed

 

2. Ginny __________________ at her watch.

A peeped

В stared

C glanced

D gazed

 

3. I __________________ through your personnel file last night.

A gazed

В stared

C glanced

D peeped

 

4. He lay on the bed __________________ up at the ceiling.

A staring

В glancing

C gazing

D peeping

 

5. The sun began to __________________ out.

A glance

В peep

C stare

D gaze

 

6. Her grey eyes __________________ back at him.

A glanced

В peeped

C stared

D gazed

 

7. He could only __________________ at her in astonishment.

A peep

В star

C gaze

D glance

 

8. Robyn sat __________________ into space, her mind numb.

A staring

В glancing

C peeping

D gazing

 

9. She tried to __________________ through the gates to see the garden.

A gaze

В glance

C peep

D stare

 

10. His head __________________ out from under the blanket.

A glanced

В stared

C gazed

D peeped

 

11. We __________________ in wonder at the scene before us.

A gazed

В glanced

C peeped

D stared

 

12. His door was ajar and she couldn’t resist __________________ in.

A gazing

В staring

C peeping

D glancing

 

TEST 3

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

walk

to go on foot for recreation and exercise

ходити; іти пішки

stride (strode, stridden)

to walk with energy and confidence

широко ступати (крокувати)

stroll

to walk without hurrying, often for pleasure

прогулюватися; бродити

march

to walk in a military manner with a regular measured tread

марширувати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. You can __________________ in 21,000 acres of moorland.

A stroll

В walk

C stride

D march

 

2. She __________________ onto the platform.

A strolled

В strode

C walked

D marched

 

3. I was __________________ along the river when I saw an incredible thing.

A walking

В marching

C strolling

D striding

 

4. Has your little boy learned to __________________ yet?

A walk

В stroll

C stride

D march

 

5. A tall dark figure was __________________ up the path.

A strolling

В marching

C walking

D striding

 

6. I like to __________________ around the lake at sunset.

A stroll

В walk

C stride

D march

 

7. They made us __________________ for hours.

A stroll

В walk

C stride

D march

 

8. We are __________________ confidently towards the future.

A striding

В marching

C walking

D strolling

 

9. I didn’t hurry. I __________________ around the city.

A walked

В strolled

C strode

D marched

 

10. He told the sergeant to __________________ us for another five miles.

A stroll

В march

C stride

D walk

 

11. She __________________ over without hurry to join them.

A walked

В strolled

C strode

D marched

 

12. Alison __________________ through the entrance exam with little difficulty.

A walked

В marched

C strode

D strolled

 

TEST 4

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

sit (sat, sat)

to rest on your bottom, as you do when you are on a chair

сидіти

set (set, set)

to put things ready to use

ставити, класти; поміщати; розставляти; установлювати; розташовувати, розміщувати

seat

to arrange for (someone) to sit somewhere

саджати, садовити; сідати, посідати; забезпечувати стільцями

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. He __________________ himself behind his desk.

A set

В sat

C seated

 

2. It’s a traditional country house hotel, __________________ in its own parklands.

A seated

В sat

C set

 

3. Six of us were __________________ around the table talking.

A set

В sitting

C seated

 

4. __________________ still without moving while I brush your hair, Lucy.

A Seat

В Set

C Sit

 

5. The general __________________ them to his right.

A set

В sat

C seated

 

6. The bookcase was __________________ into the wall.

A sat

В set

C seated

 

7. They __________________ in silence, unable to look at each other.

A seated

В set

C sat

 

8. Our house is __________________ back from the road.

A set

В seated

C sat

 

9. The new stadium will __________________ up to 80,000 people.

A set

В sit

C seat

 

10. You’ll never get anywhere if you don’t __________________ yourself any goals.

A sit

В seat

C set

 

11. The suspect has been accused of __________________ the restaurant on fire.

A sitting

В seating

C setting

 

12. The state’s youngest delegate to the convention was __________________ today.

A seated

В set

C sitting

 

TEST 5

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

live

to have your home somewhere

жити; існувати; проживати

house

to provide with shelter or accom­modation; provide space for

давати притулок, забезпечувати житлом; поселити; селитися, жити (в будинку); поміщати

inhabit

to live in or occupy (a place or environment)

жити, мешкати, населяти

reside

to have one’s permanent home in a particular place

проживати, мешкати, перебувати; належати (про право)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. The islands are __________________ by 177,000 people.

A resided

В housed

C inhabited

 

2. A large number of families are still waiting to be __________________.

A housed

В inhabited

C resided

 

3. Paris is a nice place to __________________.

A house

В live

C reside

 

4. The club is __________________ in a magnificent 16th-century building.

A housed

В resided

C inhabited

 

5. She __________________ in the strange world of the media celebrity.

A houses

В lives

C inhabits

 

6. Do you still __________________ at home?

A house

В reside

C live

 

7. We can __________________ you and your friends if the hotels are full.

A reside

В inhabit

C house

 

8. He __________________ at 10 Railway Terrace.

A resides

В inhabits

C houses

 

9. They __________________ in a basement flat in South London.

A lived

В resided

C housed

 

10. They __________________ their old books in the attic.

A inhabit

В house

C live

 

11. The woods are __________________ by many wild animals.

A inhabited

В resided

C housed

 

12. He spent most of his time in Rutherglen, where his family __________________.

A inhabited

В resided

C housed

 

TEST 6

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

politics

the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area

політика; політичне життя; політичні переконання

policy

a course or principle of action adopted or proposed by an organization or individual

політика — лінія поведінки, настанова, курс; розсудливість; спритність, хитрість

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. He entered __________________ at the age of 21.

A policy

В politics

 

2. It’s our __________________.

A politics

В policy

 

3. What is the party’s __________________ on immigration?

A politics

В policy

 

4. Now that I’m self-employed, I don’t have to worry about office __________________.

A policy

В politics

 

5. She’s heavily involved in local __________________.

A politics

В policy

 

6. The company has set out its __________________ for future mineral development.

A politics

В policies

 

7. The party is trying to exploit the __________________ of class envy.

A policy

В politics

 

8. Her __________________ became more conservative as she grew older.

A policy

В politics

 

9. The government has undertaken to formulate new anti-racist __________________.

A politics

В policies

 

10. Many people feel that their interests are not represented by mainstream __________________.

A policy

В politics

 

11. The new government is expected to pursue a vigorous environmental __________________.

A politics

В policy

 

12. Let’s not talk about __________________ now.

A policy

В politics

 

TEST 7

 

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

principle

a standard or rule of personal conduct

засада, принцип; норма, правило; доктрина; головне правило; першопричина, причина

principal

adj. first in order of importance; n. the most important or senior person in an organization or group

головний, основний principal sum — основний капітал; провідний

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Excellent customer service should be our guiding __________________.

A principle

В principal

 

2. The __________________ aim of the project is to provide an answer to this question.

A principal

В principle

 

3. It was against their __________________ to join the armed forces.

A principals

В principles

 

4. It is a basic __________________ of English law that a person is innocent until proven guilty.

A principle

В principal

 

5. The salary is good, but that is not the __________________ reason I accepted the job.

A principle

В principal

 

6. He seems to have absolutely no __________________.

A principles

В principals

 

7. The show had eight __________________ and more than twenty dancers.

A principles

В principals

 

8. Bennett stuck to his __________________, and refused to name the source of his principals.

A principals

В principles

 

9. We are opposed on __________________ to any collaboration with terrorists.

A principle

В principal

 

10. There are some basic issues of __________________ relating to the debate about abortion.

A principal

В principle

 

11. Windmills differ in design, but all operate on exactly the same __________________.

A principle

В principal

 

12. Her interests might conflict with those of her __________________.

A principals

В principles

 

TEST 8

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

rise (rose, risen)

to go upwards; to get up

підніматися; вставати; сходити (про сонце); підвищуватися, збільшуватися, зростати (про ціни); просуватися (соціальними сходами); набувати ваги (впливу) (в суспільстві); повставати

raise (raised)

to lift up or make something higher; to gather together the money or people needed for something

піднімати; ставити, порушувати (питання); споруджувати (будинок тощо); вирощувати (рослини); розводити (худобу); ростити, виховувати (дітей); добувати; виховувати; вирощувати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. He could hardly __________________ the injured arm at all.

A raise

В rise

 

2. The airplane __________________ slowly into the air.

A raised

В rose

 

3. A number of children __________________ their hands.

A rose

В raised

 

4. With a shaky hand he slowly __________________ the cup to his lips.

A raised

В rose

 

5. A column of thick black smoke could be seen __________________ from the town.

A rising

В raising

 

6. They couldn’t __________________ the vessel because of bad weather.

A raise

В rise

 

7. As the sun __________________ in the sky the temperature climbed.

A rose

В raised

 

8. They had __________________ their prices to unreasonable levels.

A raised

В risen

 

9. Duncan felt the hairs __________________ on the back of his neck.

A raise

В rise

 

10. We need your help to __________________ money for urgent medical research.

A rise

В raise

 

11. Bubbles __________________ to the surface of the liquid.

A rise

В raise

 

12. Are there any other questions you would like to __________________ at the meeting?

A rise

В raise

 

TEST 9

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

lie (lied)

to say something that you know is not true

брехати

lie (lay, lain)

to rest with your body flat, as it is in bed

лежати; бути розташованим; простяга­тися; полягати (у чомусь); залежати (від чогось)

lay (laid, laid)

to put something down; to produce an egg

класти, покласти (on); покладати (надії тощо); повалити; прим’яти (посіви); прибити пил; накривати, стелити; на­кладати (фарбу); класти (яйця), нестися

Choose the best variant of answer.

1.__________ the baby on her back.

A Lain

В Lie

C Lay

 

2. We __________________ flowers on her grave once a week.

A lay

В lie

C laid

 

3. He had to________ about his age to get into the army.

A lay

В lie

C lain

 

4. He___________ his coat across the arm of the chair.

A lay

В laid

C lied

 

5. The project is intended to __________________ the groundwork for future research.

A lain

В lie

C lay

 

6. She was_________ on the bed watching television.

A lie

В laying

C lying

 

7. The village________ in a valley.

A laid

В lay

C lied

 

8. Will you__________ the table while I get breakfast?

A lie

В lye

C lay

 

9. She admitted __________________ to the police.

A lie

В laying

C lying

 

10. Go and_________ on the bed until you feel better.

A lain

В lie

C lay

 

11. This goose __________________ very big eggs.

A lays

В lyes

C lies

 

12. Carmen ________ her head against my shoulder and fell asleep.

A laid

В lay

C lain

 

TEST 10

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

consequently

as a result

отже, тому, в результаті

moreover

as a further matter; besides

до того ж, крім того

otherwise

in circumstances different from those pres­ent or considered; or else; in other respects; apart from that; in a different way

інакше, по-іншому, іншим способом

although

in spite of the fact that; even though

хоч; коли б навіть; незважаючи на те, що

though

despite the fact that; although; however

все-таки, проте, однак, втім; хоч, хоча, незважаючи на; навіть якщо б, хоч би

furthermore

in addition; besides

до того ж; крім того

therefore

for that reason; consequently

тому, отже; до такої міри

thus

as a result or consequence of this; therefore; in this way

так, отже, таким чином; тому; так, наприклад

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. They’ve increased the number of staff and __________________ the service is better.

A moreover

В otherwise

C consequently

 

2. Mr Brown has earned the respect of farmers everywhere. __________________, they know they can trust him.

A Although

В Moreover

C Furthermore

 

3. We must hurry; __________________ we’ll miss the train.

A although

В therefore

C otherwise

 

4. More and more people are opposed to the idea of increasing university fees. __________________ , there is now evidence that it discourages many students from coming to the UK.

A Moreover

В Although

C Consequently

 

5. The new boots are lighter and softer, and __________________ more comfortable to wear.

A moreover

В therefore

C furthermore

 

6. __________________ he’s got a good job now, he still complains.

A Although

В Thus

C Moreover

 

7. __________________ we are only a small country, we have a long and glorious history.

A Consequently

В Otherwise

C Though

 

8. You’re in love with Robert. It does no good to pretend __________________.

A moreover

В thus

C otherwise

 

9. I no longer have the support of the committee. I have __________________ decided to resign.

A therefore

В furthermore

C otherwise

 

10. She used to call me ’Tiny’, __________________ I was at least as tall as she was.

A thus

В moreover

C although

 

11. It was also a highly desirable political end. __________________, it gave the English a door into France.

A Although

В Otherwise

C Furthermore

D Therefore

 

12. Burke knocked out Byrne, __________________ becoming champion.

A thus

В furthermore

C otherwise

D although

 

TEST 11

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

accuse

to charge (someone) with an offense or crime

обвинувачувати (в чомусь of);висувати обвинувачення

blame

to say that some other person or thing is the cause of something bad that has happened

ганити; вважати винним

indict

to formally accuse or charge (someone) with a seri­ous crime

обвинувачувати; висувати обвинувачення; віддавати до суду (за -for)

incriminate

to strongly imply the guilt of (someone)

обвинувачувати (в злочині), інкримінувати

charge

to formally accuse (someone) of something, espe­cially an offence under law

обвинувачувати (особливо в порушенні закону)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Two men have been __________________ in connection with the fire.

A accused

В charged

C blamed

 

2. Organizers __________________ the weather for the low turnout.

A incriminate

В blame

C accuse

 

3. Her employers __________________ her of theft.

A accused

В blamed

C charged

 

4. He was __________________ for crimes against humanity.

A accused

В blamed

C indicted

 

5. Be careful you don’t say anything to __________________ yourself.

A incriminate

В charge

C accuse

 

6. The hospital has launched an inquiry to find out who was to __________________ for the mistake.

A blame

В accuse

C indict

 

7. The Governor has been __________________ on 23 criminal counts including fraud.

A accused

В indicted

C charged

 

8. No __________________ evidence was found.

A incriminating

В accusing

C blaming

 

9. Crime is a complex issue — we can’t simply __________________ poverty and unemployment.

A blame

В accuse

C indict

 

10. If it all goes wrong, don’t __________________ me.

A incriminate

В blame

C charge

 

11. Are you __________________ me of lying?

A blaming

В charging

C accusing

 

12. You can’t __________________ all your problems on your family.

A indict

В accuse

C blame

 

TEST 12

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

fed up

annoyed or upset at a situation or treatment

надокучати, набридати

fill up

to complete (a form, application, etc.); to make or become completely full fill-up; the act of filling something completely, esp the petrol tank of a car

наповнювати(ся); заповнювати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. I’m __________________ with this job.

A filled up

В fed up

 

2. Jenny __________________ my glass with champagne.

A fed up

В filled up

 

3. She’d got __________________ with waiting and gone home.

A fed up

В filled up

 

4. They __________________ with cakes and sandwiches.

A fed me up

В filled me up

 

5. I’m __________________ to the back teeth with him.

A filled up

В fed up

 

6. If you’re hungry, __________________ on pasta or rice.

A fill up

В fed up

 

7. I am __________________ with being put down and made to feel stupid.

A fed up

В filled up

 

8. I’m __________________ with your conduct.

A filled up

В fed up

 

9. He had become __________________ with city life...

A fed up

В filled up

 

10. When you are happy about yourself you won’t need to __________________ yourself_________________ with food.

A fill up

В fed up

 

11. I’ m just __________________ and I don’t know what to do.

A filled up

В fed up

 

12. Potatoes __________________ without overloading us with calories.

A fill up

В fed up

 

TEST 13

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

alike

similar to each other

схожий, подібний, такий самий

like

similar to

схожий, подібний

same

identical; not different; unchanged

той (цей) самий; один і той же; однаковий;

identical

similar in every detail; exactly alike

однаковий, тотожний, ідентичний (with); той самий

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. The sisters don’t really __________________.

A look like

В identical

C the same

D look alike

 

2. He looks __________________ his father.

A alike

В like

C the same

D identical

 

3. It was a small animal __________________ a rat.

A like

В alike

C the same

D identical

 

4. That morning began just __________________ any other.

A alike

В identical

C like

D the same

 

5. The twins always dress __________________.

A the same

В like

C alike

D identical

 

6. It eats small animals __________________ birds and mice.

A alike

В the same

C identical

D like

 

7. She was crying __________________ a baby.

A alike

В the same

C like

D identical

 

8. I went to see my mother, __________________ I always do on Tuesdays.

A identical

В alike

C the same

D like

 

9. This house is almost __________________ to the one where I lived as a child.

A identical

В the same

C like

D alike

 

10. We both went to __________________ school.

A alike

В identical

C the same

D like

 

11. Not everyone acts or thinks __________________.

A like

В alike

C the same

D identical

 

12. All the plants were grown under __________________ conditions.

A like

В alike

C the same

D identical


TEST 14

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

convince

to make someone believe that something is true

переконувати (у ofщо that)

persuade

to make someone agree to do something by giving them reasons why they should

умовляти, переконувати

influence

to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something;

справляти вплив, впливати (на -onuponover)

convert

to change the form, character, or function of something

обертати, перетворювати (на, у -into)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. I was still under the __________________ of my parents.

A convert

В convince

C influence

D persuasion

 

2. Robert’s expression had obviously __________________ her of his innocence.

A persuaded

В converted

C influenced

D convinced

 

3. Their friends are having a bad __________________ on them.

A influence

В convince

C convert

D persuasion

 

4. Modernization has __________________ the country from a primitive society to a near-industrial one.

A influenced

В converted

C convinced

D persuaded

 

5. We had to __________________ politicians that they needed to do something.

A persuade

В convert

C convince

D influence

 

6. He did everything he could to __________________ the police that he was the robber.

A persuade

В influence

C convert

D convince

 

7. He failed to __________________ the jury of his innocence.

A convert

В convince

C persuade

D influence

 

8. Maria had __________________ herself that he didn’t love her.

A persuaded

В influenced

C convinced

D converted

 

9. What __________________ you to accept the job?

A convinced

В converted

C influenced

D persuaded

 

10. You have to __________________ the temperature readings from Fahrenheit to Celsius.

A influence

В convert

C persuade

D convince

 

11. Nobody could __________________ her to change her mind.

A convince

В persuade

C convert

D influence

 

12. You don’t have to __________________ me you’re the right person for the job.

A persuade

В influence

C convert

D convince

 

TEST 15

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

reduce

to make smaller or less in amount, degree, or size; lose weight, typically by dieting

зменшувати, знижувати; скорочувати; послаблювати

weaken

to make or become weaker in power, resolve, or physical strength

ослабляти; слабшати

shrink

to become or make smaller in size or amount; contract or cause to contract

скорочувати(ся); давати усадку; зсідатися, збігатися (про тканину); зморщувати(ся); всихати(ся)

shorten

to make or become shorter

скорочувати(ся), вкорочувати(ся)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Around mid September, the days __________________ and temperatures dip.

A shrink

В reduce

C shorten

D weaken

 

2. The sun had __________________ and dried the wood.

A shrunk

В reduced

C shortened

D weakened

 

3. Try to __________________ the amount of fat in your diet.

A shrink

В reduce

C shorten

D weaken

 

4. She began to __________________ after running for 8 miles.

A shrink

В reduce

C shorten

D weaken

 

5. Her dress was __________________.

A shrunk

В reduced

C shortened

D weakened

 

6. Many people __________________ in old age.

A shrink

В reduce

C shorten

D weaken

 

7. Stress can __________________ the immune system.

A shrink

В reduce

C shorten

D weaken

 

8. Risks must be __________________ to the absolute minimum.

A shrunk

В reduced

C shortened

D weakened

 

9. The patients whose waiting time had been __________________ were very pleased.

A shrunk

В reduced

C shortened

D weakened

 

10. Many buildings had already been __________________ by last year’s storms.

A shrunk

В reduced

C shortened

D weakened

 

11. Do you think this dress will __________________ if I handwash it?

A shorten

В reduce

C shrink

D weaken

 

12. Their army will be drastically __________________ in size and influence.

A shrunk

В reduced

C shortened

D weakened

 

TEST 16

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

check

to examine something in order to find out whether it is how it should be

контролювати, перевіряти

examine

to look at something carefully in order to find out about it or see what it is like

досліджувати; оглядати

control

to have the power to make decisions and decide what will happen to something

керувати; контролювати; регулювати; перевіряти; володіти; розпоряджатися

test

to find out how much someone knows; to examine someone’s body to check that it is in good condition, or to find out if they have a particular illness; to try using something such as a machine or a product; to examine something to find out if it is satisfactory, or if it has a particular quality

випробовувати; піддавати випробуванню; перевіряти; піддавати дії реактиву; проводити досліди.

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Debbie has to have her eyes __________________.

A checked

В examined

C tested

D controlled

 

2. A rebel army was now __________________ the northern half of the country.

A checking

В controlling

C examining

D testing

 

3. The new product was __________________ in 1998 and launched in 1999.

A checked

В examined

C tested

D controlled

 

4. The official __________________ our passports.

A checked

В examined

C tested

D controlled

 

5. Would you __________________ the tyres for me?

A examine

В check

C control

D test

 

6. How do you __________________ a melon for ripeness?

A examine

В check

C control

D test

 

7. The theory will be __________________ by computer simulation.

A checked

В examined

C tested

D controlled

 

8. Most of the news media were __________________ by the central government.

A checked

В examined

C tested

D controlled

 

9. I think you should be __________________ by a doctor.

A checked

В examined

C controlled

D tested

 

10. You should have your sight __________________ regularly.

A checked

В examined

C tested

D controlled

 

11. She opened the suitcase and __________________ the contents.

A examined

В checked

C tested

D controlled

 

12. The aim of the examination is to __________________ your writing skills.

A control

В examine

C test

D check

 

TEST 17

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

artificial

made or produced by human beings rather than occurring naturally; insincere or affected

удаваний; неприродний; штучний; синтетичний

fake

not genuine; imitation or counterfeit

удаваний; фальшивий, підроблений, фіктивний

false

not according with truth or fact; incorrect

хибний, помилковий; фальшивий; штучний; неправдивий; віроломний

counterfeit

made in exact imitation of something valuable or im­portant with the intention to deceive or defraud

підроблений; фальшивий; удаваний; фальшива монета

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Her skin glowed in the __________________ light.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

2. They bought __________________ designer clothing.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

3. This is no time for_________________ modesty.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

4. They understood that it was __________________ 50$.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

5. She __________________ her spouse’s signature.

A faked

В false

C counterfeited

D artificial

 

6. The report was dismissed as totally __________________.

A false

В fake

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

7. The media gave the world a __________________ impression of life in the city.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

8. He was feeding __________________ information to his customers.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

9. She gave an __________________ smile.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

10. Theallegations were __________________.

A fake

В false

C counterfeit

D artificial

 

TEST 18

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

bony

a bony part of the body is so thin that the shape of the bones can be seen; fish that is bony has a lot of bones in it, making it difficult to eat

костистий; кістлявий

skinny

very thin, in a way that is not attractive; skinny clothes fit your body very tightly

худорлявий; шкіра й кістки

thin

someone who is thin has very little fat on their body

худий, худорлявий; рідкий (про волосся, ліс); дрібний (про дощ); розріджений (про гази)

lean

thin and looking physically fit and healthy; lean meat has very little fat in it

худий; пісний (про м’ясо); неврожайні роки; бідний (про рудник)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. She has been ill and is much too __________________.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

2. He had __________________ fingers.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

3. Someone who is __________________ in an attractive way is slender or slim.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

4. The horse was __________________ and lank.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

5. As a kid she was always really __________________.

A lean /span>

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

6. He wore a pair of __________________ trousers.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

7. He was __________________ and tanned.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

8. Charles was __________________ and very tall.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

9. Those were __________________ years.

A skinny

В thin

C bony

D lean

 

10. She is as __________________ as a lath.

A lean

В thin

C bony

D skinny

 

TEST 19

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

remove

to take (something) away or off from the position occupied

пересувати; переміщати; прати; виводити (плями); знімати; звільняти (з посади)

delete

to remove or obliterate (written or printed matter), especially by drawing a line through it

викреслювати (в коректурі, рукопису); витирати; стирати, видаляти, знищувати

extract

to remove or take out, especially by effort or force

видаляти, вилучати (зуб, кулю); видавлювати, вичавлювати (сік); здобувати, одержувати (інформацію); випарювати; одержувати екстракт

take out

to extract or remove; to obtain or secure (a licence, patent, etc.) from an authority; to go out with; escort

виймати; виводити (пляму); виводити на прогулянку; вибирати, виписувати (цитати)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. George is __________________ Susan out next week.

A taking

В removing

C deleting

D extracting

 

2. She sat down to __________________ her make-up.

A delete

В remove

C extract

D take out

 

3. The fossils are __________________ from the chalk.

A took out

В extracted

C deleted

D removed

 

4. He __________________ to Wales and began afresh.

A took out

В extracted

C deleted

D removed

 

5. The passage was __________________ from the file.

A taken out

В extracted

C deleted

D removed

 

6. Customs officials __________________ documents from the premises.

A took out

В extracted

C deleted

D removed

 

7. I won’t let you go without trying to __________________ a promise from you.

A take out

В extract

C delete

D remove

 

8. They __________________ data from a computer’s memory.

A took out

В extracted

C deleted

D removed

 

9. He sat down and quickly __________________ his shoes and socks.

A took out

В removed

C deleted

D extracted

 

10. Lead was __________________ from the copper.

A took out

В extracted

C deleted

D removed

 

TEST 20

 

Study the use of the synonyms.

Word

Definition

Translation

annoy

to make (someone) a little angry; to irritate

надокучати; набридати; дратувати; сердити

disturb

to interfere with the normal arrange­ment or functioning; interrupt the sleep, relaxation, or privacy; make (someone) anxious

турбувати, непокоїти; розладжувати, порушувати; розстроювати, приводити до безладдя

bother

to take the trouble to do something; to worry, disturb, or upset (someone)

надокучати; непокоїти(ся); хвилювати(ся), турбувати(ся)

frustrate

to prevent from progressing, succeeding, or being fulfilled; cause (someone) to feel upset or annoyed

розладнувати, зривати (плани); зводити нанівець розчаровувати; підривати віру у свої сили

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Kelly was __________________ with him.

A frustrated

В disturbed

C annoyed

D bothered

 

2. I am __________________ by the document I have just read.

A frustrated

В disturbed

C annoyed

D bothered

 

3. It can be very __________________ to find that the size you want isn’t there.

A annoying

В frustrating

C disturbing

D bothering

 

4. He wasn’t to __________________ himself with day-to-day things.

A annoy

В bother

C disturb

D frustrate

 

5. The driver didn’t __________________ to ask why.

A annoy

В bother

C disturb

D frustrate

 

6. He was __________________ at being woken up so early.

A frustrated

В disturbed

C annoyed

D bothered

 

7. I’m not particularly __________________ about how I look.

A frustrated

В disturbed

C annoyed

D bothered

 

8. The rescue attempt was __________________ by bad weather.

A frustrated

В disturbed

C annoyed

D bothered

 

9. I’ll see my patient now and we are not to be __________________.

A frustrated

В disturbed

C annoyed

D bothered

 

10. Scientists rarely __________________ with such niceties.

A annoy

В bother

C disturb

D frustrate

 

TEST 21

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

talk

to speak in order to give information, express feelings or share ideas. You talk to somebody in order to be friendly or to ask their advice.

розмовляти, бесідувати, говорити, спілкуватися

discuss

(rather formal) to talk and share ideas on a subject or problem with other people, especially in order to decide something

обговорювати, дискутувати

speak

to talk to somebody about something; to have a conversation with somebody.

You speak to somebody about something to try to achieve a particular goal or to tell them to do something

говорити; висловлюватися, пояснюватися,

говорити; (ofзгадувати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Have you ... to your parents about the problems you’re having?

A talked

В spoken

C discussed

 

2. I’ve ... to Ed about it and he’s promised not to let it happen again.

A talked

В spoken

C discussed

 

3. Pupils should be given time to ... the book with their classmates.

A tell

В speak

C discuss

 

4. I’ve ... to the manager about it.

A talked

В discussed

C spoken

 

5. ’Can I ... to Susan?’ ’Speaking.’

A talk

В speak

C discuss

 

6. Have you ... the problem with anyone?

A talked

В discussed

C spoken

 

7. We ... on the phone for over an hour.

A discussed

В talked

C spoke

 

8. Jones ... at the teachers’ annual convention.

A spoke

В discussed

C talked

 

9. We ... about our relationship.

A discussed

В talked

C spoke

 

10. This topic will be ... in Chapter 4.

A talked

В discussed

C spoken

 

11. She could ... before she was two.

A speak

В discuss

C talk

 

12. They invited her to .... the problem of buying a new car.

A talk

В speak

C discuss

 


TEST 
22

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

annoy

to make somebody slightly angry; to make somebody uncomfortable or unable to relax

докучати, набридати; дратувати; турбувати, тривожити

irritate

to make someone feel annoyed or impatient, especially by doing something many times or for a long period of time

дратувати, сердити

bother

to annoy someone, especially by interrupting them when they are trying to do something

турбувати, хвилювати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. His constant joking was beginning to ... her.

A irritate

В annoy

C bother

 

2. That sprained ankle is still ... her.

A annoying

В bothering

C irritating

 

3. It really ... me when people forget to say thank you.

A bothers

В irritates

C annoys

 

4. The way she puts on that accent really ... me.

A bothers

В irritates

C annoys

 

5. Does it ... you that she earns more than you?

A bother

В annoy

C irritate

 

6. It really ... me when he doesn’t help around the house.

A annoys

В irritates

C bothers

 

7. I don’t want to ... her with my problems at the moment.

A irritate

В annoy

C bother

 

8. It really ... me when I see people dropping litter.

A bothers

В annoys

C irritates

 

9. It was very noisy, but that didn’t ... me.

A irritate

В bother

C annoy

 

10. What ... him most was that he had received no apology.

A bothered

В annoyed

C irritated

 

11. Would it ... you if I put on some music?

A bother

В annoy

C irritate

 

12. She ... him with her stupid questions.

A bothered

В irritated

C annoyed

 

TEST 23

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

cruel

making someone suffer or feel unhappy

жорстокий, безжалісний, без­сердечний

strict

that must be obeyed exactly

точний, певний, строгий, який не допускає відхилень

stern

serious and often disapproving; expecting somebody to obey you; hard, harsh, or severe in manner or character

суворий; жорстокий, лютий; твердий, непохитний, стійкий

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. His death was a ... blow.

A cruel

В strict

C stern

 

2. Her voice was ....

A strict

В stern

C cruel

 

3. Sometimes life seems unbearably ....

A stern

В strict

C cruel

 

4. There are ... guidelines on how the work is to be carried out.

A stern

В strict

C cruel

 

5. The prisoner was a hard, ... man.

A stern

В strict

C cruel

 

6. She’s on a very ... diet.

A cruel

В stern

C strict

 

7. I can’t stand people who are ... to animals.

A cruel

В stem

C strict

 

8. The police are planning ... measures to combat crime.

A stricter

В sterner

C crueler

 

9. She left ... instructions that she was not to be disturbed.

A stern

В strict

C cruel

 

10. They were always very ... with their children.

A stern

В cruel

C strict

 

11. A smile transformed his ... face.

A stern

В cruel

C strict

 

12. He said ... measures would be taken against the killers.

A strict

В cruel

C stern

 

TEST 24

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

turn

to move your body so that you are looking in a different direction

повертати

twist

to turn part of your body around while the rest stays still

крутити, скручувати, викручувати

cur!

to form or make something form into a curved shape

завивати, крутити, закручувати; завиватися; кучерявитися

twine

to wind or twist around something else, or to make something do this

сплітати; переплітати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Dan ... away, hiding the fear in his eyes.

A twisted

В turned

C curled

D twined

 

2. Ricky ... and walked away.

A twisted

В twined

C turned

D curled

 

3. A dark green ivy plant ... around the pole.

A curled

В twisted

C turned

D twined

 

4. She ... her head in surprise.

A turned

В curled

C twisted

D twined

 

5. She ... round, so that she could see the dog better.

A turned

В curled

C twisted

D twined

 

6. The wheels of the car began to ....

A curl

В turn

C twine

D twist

 

7. The cat ... into a ball and went to sleep.

A turned

В twisted

C curled

D twined

 

8. I can’t get the screw to ....

A twine

В turn

C curl

D twist

 

9. He ... his head around to look at her.

A twisted

В twined

C curled

D turned

 

10. He ... the key in the lock.

A curled

В turned

C twined

D twisted

 

11. She ... in her chair when I called her name.

A turned

В curled

C twisted

D twined

 

12. She ... the wheel sharply to the left.

A curled

В twined

C twisted

D turned

 

13. She ... her arms around my neck.

A curled

В twined

C twisted

D turned

 

14. She ... her legs up under her.

A curled

В turned

C twined

D twisted

 

15. She ... her arms round him and kissed his cheek.

A twisted

В twined

C turned

D curled

 

TEST 25

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

repair

to fix something that is damaged, broken, split, or not working properly

ремонтувати; лагодити, виправляти

fix

to repair something that is broken or not working properly; especially to talk about repairing a machine, vehicle etc

укріплювати; закріплювати; прикріплювати; фіксувати

mend

to repair a hole in a piece of clothing, etc

лагодити, штопати; латати; виправляти; ремонтувати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. He ... shoes for a living.

A repaired

В mended

C fixed

 

2. He ... my washing machine two days ago.

A fixed

В mended

C repaired

 

3. The human body has an amazing capacity to ... itself.

A fix

В mend

C repair

 

4. He’s outside ... the brakes on the car.

A repairing

В mending

C fixing

 

5. Dad was up the ladder, ... the roof.

A mending

В repairing

C fixing

 

6. Where can I get my shoes ...?

A fixed

В mended

C repaired

 

7. Ellis was able to quickly find and ... the problem.

A fix

В mend

C repair

 

8. The roof needs ... in a few places.

A fixing

В repairing

C mending

 

9. The car won’t start — can you ... it?

A mend

В fix

C repair

 

10. He ... old furniture.

A repairs

В mends

C fixes

 

11. My father used to ... our shoes.

A repair

В mend

C fix

 

12. It cost too much to get the car ....

A repaired

В mended

C fixed

 

TEST 26

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

borrow

to take and use something that belongs to somebody else, and return it to them at a later time

брати в борг, брати на (якийсь) час; позичати

lend

(lent, lent)

to give something to somebody or allow them to use something that belongs to you, which they have to return to you later

позичати, давати на(якийсь) час

loan

to lend someone something, especially money; to lend a valuable object to a museum, etc

брати позичку; давати позичку

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Can I ... your umbrella?

A borrow

В lend

C loan

 

2. Has he returned that book you ... him?

A loaned

В lent

C borrowed

 

3. Can you ... me $5?

A loan

В lend

C borrow

 

4. You are allowed to ... six books from the library at a time.

A loan

В borrow

C lend

 

5. I ... my CD player to Dave and I haven’t got it back yet.

A borrowed

В loaned

C lent

 

6. Can I ... your pen for a minute?

A lend

В borrow

C loan

 

7. The hospital agreed to ... us a wheelchair.

A borrow

В lend

C loan

 

8. This exhibit was kindly ... by the artist’s family.

A lent

В loaned

C borrowed

 

9. Can you ... me Ј10 until tomorrow?

A loan

В lend

C borrow

 

10. Jeff’s ... us his car for the weekend.

A borrowed

В lent

C loaned

 

11. I’ve ... the car to a friend.

A borrowed

В loaned

C lent

 

12. He ... the museum his entire collection.

A borrowed

В lent

C loaned

 

TEST 27

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

watch

to be a spectator, simply to look and see what is happening

спостерігати, слідкувати; дивитися, спостерігати

observe

to look very carefully in the hope of learning something, especially in science

спостерігати, стежити (за чим-небудь); вести (наукові) спо­стереження; вивчати (за допо­могою спостереження)

see

to become aware of somebody/ something by using your eyes

бачити

look

to turn your eyes in a particular direction

дивитися

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. “I didn’t play, I didn’t! I only ...”, the boy explained.

A watched

В observed

C looked

 

2. It’s extremely interesting to ... ships unload their cargoes.

A see

В watch

C observe

 

3. A group of scientists is ... an eclipse of the sun.

A watching

В observing

C looking

 

4. They ... the eagle till it was out of sight over the hill.

A looked

В observed

C watched

 

5. My friend ... the behavior of birds.

A watches

В looks

C observes

 

6. If you can find the planet Jupiter and have a telescope, you can ... its four large satellites, first seen by Galileo in 1610.

A look

В watch

C observe

 

7. The physicist remained late in the laboratory to ... the result of his experiment.

A observe

В watch

C look

 

8. Are you going to play or only to ...?

A look

В watch

C observe

 

9. When it’s getting dark, one can ... the birds come home from the tall trees where they spend the night.

A watch

В observe

C look

 

10. My father and I always ... international football matches on TV.

A watch

В observe

C look

 

11. “What is your job in the experimental garden?” - “I ... the development of rice in it.”

A look

В observe

C watch

 

12. She ... at me and smiled.

A observed

В looked

C watched

 

TEST 28

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

dress

to put on clothes

одягати; наряджати; одягатися, наряджатися, вбиратися

put on

to place clothes on any part of our body

надягати

wear

to have on the body

бути вдягненим (в що-н.); носити (одяг)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. When spring comes she always ... a flower in the button-hole of her costume.

A puts on

В dresses

C wears

 

2. “What are you going to ... at our fancy-dress party?” - “ I tink, I’ll ... like a pirate.”

A wear

В dress

C put on

 

3. They asked me how he was ... but I could not recollect what he was ....

A dressed, wearing

В wore, dressing

C dressed, putting on

 

4. Why aren’t you ... your rubber boots? The country road is very muddy.

A putting on

В dressing

C wearing

 

5. Please, help me to ... the children.

A put on

В dress

C wear

 

6. The mother ... the child and told him to wait for her on the yard.

A put on

В dressed

C wore

 

7. She is so beautiful and she ... well.

A put on

В dresses

C wears

 

8. Don’t ... your overcoat, it’s very warm outside.

A wear

В put on

C dress

 

9. “Is she always ... in white?” — “Yes, she enjoys ... white.”

A put on, wearing

В dressed, wearing

C wear, putting on

 

10. Why haven’t you ... your hat? The sun is very strong.

A dressed

В worn

C put on

 

11. She doesn’t ... glasses on the stage.

A wear

В puts on

C dresses

 

12. He was still ... when I came in.

A putting on

В wearing

C dressing


TEST 29

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

learn

to study; to be informed; to receive information

вивчати, вчити (що-небудь); учитися, навчатися (чому-небудь); засвоювати; учитися; дізнаватися

discover

to get surprising information; to understand something quite unexpectedly

відкривати, робити відкриття; виявляти, знаходити

find out

to get knowledge by search or inquiry

дізнатися, з’ясувати, довідатися; розкрити

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. I am sad to ... the news of him being ill.

A learn

В find out

C discover

 

2. The other part of the book tells us what young naturalists can do to ... about animals and plants living in different surroundings.

A find out

В discover

C learn

 

3. When Pierre Curie ... about his wife’s discovery he decided to leave his own researches and to help his wife in her work.

A found out

В discovered

C learned

 

4. Ring him up to ... if he is at home.

A learn

В discover

C find out

 

5. We suddenly ... that it was too late to catch the train.

A discovered

В found out

C learned

 

6. She ... that the whole story was untrue.

A discovered

В learned

C found out

 

7. It’s interesting to ... that the legend of King Arthur is probably based on a real hero of the Britons.

A discover

В learn

C find out

 

8. For a long time they tried to ... something about their adopted daughter’s past but to no avail.

A learn

В find out

C discover

 

9. Look at the time-table and you will ... the time and the place of all the lectures.

A discover

В find out

C learn

 

10. I am ... what really happened.

A finding out

В learning

C discovering

 

11. I haven’t ... anything ... about him yet.

A found out

В learned

C discovered

 

12. Cook is credited with ... Hawaii.

A learning

В finding out

C discovering

 

TEST 30

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

look

denotes the act of seeing

дивитися

stare

to look with wide open eyes because of surprise, fear, curiosity

пильно дивитися, витріщатися

glance

to take a quick look

мигцем глянути; кинути оком; швидко переглянути

peep

to look through a narrow hole or to look cautiously or stealthily

заглядати, дивитися примру­жившись; заглядати в малень­кий отвір; підглядати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. I have ... into every room on the first floor but I can’t find him anywhere.

A looked

В stared

C peeped

 

2. The man ... at me till I began to feel uncomfortable.

A peeped

В glanced

C stared

 

3. The visitor ... at all the pictures but without particular interest.

A glanced

В peeped

C looked

 

4. The passers-by ... indifferently at the street painter and walked on.

A looked

В stared

C glanced

 

5. “Oh, it’s unjust,” the small girl cried. “You’ve chosen the big one because you ...”

A stared

В peeped

C glanced

 

6. Frank got up and went from window to window cautiously ... out.

A staring

В looking

C peeping

 

7. The man ... coldly at Caroline, looking her up and down.

A glanced

В stared

C peeped

 

8. As she said the last few words she ... at me to see if I was listening.

A glanced

В peeped

C looked

 

9. Toma ... quickly at the door. “Listen! Can you hear somebody coming?”

A stared

В glanced

C peeped

 

10. Oliver found a hole in the fence and ... into the garden.

A peeped

В looked

C stared

 

11. He woke up and ... at the lock and found out that it was late.

A peeped

В stared

C glanced

 

12. Mr Brown laid down the paper and sat quietly ... at the floor.

A staring

В peeping

C glancing

 

TEST 31

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

empty

containing nothing

порожній, незаповнений

vacant

not in use, unoccupied or uninhabited

вакантний, незайнятий; незаповне­ний; вільний (про місце)

blank

not written on, not marked

чистий, необписаний (про папір); незаповнений (про документ)

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. This is a(n) ... room, it has neither furniture nor people in it.

A vacant

В blank

C empty

 

2. This is a(n) ... room. It is free for occupation.

A empty

В blank

C vacant

 

3. “Why did she leave so much ... space?”

A blank

В vacant

C empty

 

4. Left by the drivers the buses and cars stood ... in the foggy streets.

A vacant

В empty

C blank

 

5. There’s one more ... seat in the car. You can take it.

A blank

В vacant

C empty

 

6. The garden was ... and silent.

A empty

В vacant

C blank

 

7. The jug is full of milk now, but it will be ... when they have finished eating their supper.

A blank

В empty

C vacant

 

8. Can you give me a ... sheet of paper? I’ll draw the way to the station for you.

A blank

В vacant

C empty

 

9. The streets were almost ... at that hour.

A vacant

В blank

C empty

 

10. Pete sat looking at the ... page, he couldn’t make up his mind how to begin the letter.

A empty

В vacant

C blank

 

11. A loud cry that came from the ... hall awakened the baby.

A vacant

В blank

C empty

 

12. “All the seats in the hall are occupied.” - “No, not all the seats. Two are ...”

A empty

В vacant

C blank

 

TEST 32

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

bring (brought, brought)

to provide somebody/something with something

приносити, привозити, доставляти

fetch

to go to where somebody/something is and bring them/it back

(піти і) принести, при­вести

take (took, taken)

to carry or move something from one place to another

брати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. I haven’t ... my laptop with me this morning; can I borrow yours?

A brought

В fetched

C taken

 

2. I’m off now. I have to ... the kids from school.

A bring

В fetch

C take

 

3. I’ll ... the parcel with me and post it while I’m out.

A bring

В fetch

C take

 

4. Yesterday, she forgot to ... her homework to school and came back upset.

A bring

В fetch

C take

 

5. I threw a stick for my dog to ....

A bring

В fetch

C take

 

6. When you come, could you ... some wine?

A bring

В fetch

C take

 

7. My sister ... to the airport and saw me off and she’ll pick me up when 1 get back.

A brought

В fetched

C took

 

8. It ... me an hour to get home.

A brings

В fetches

C takes

 

9. ... it over there, please.

A Bring

В Fetch

C Take

 

10. ... it here, please.

A Bring

В Fetch

C Take

 

11. She ... Luke home from the hospital.

A took

В fetched

C brought

 

12. ... your bag off the table.

A fetch

В take

C bring

 

TEST 33

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

job

work for which you receive regular payment

робота, праця; служба; заняття

work

the duties that you have and the activities that you do as part of your job

робота; труд; справа, діяльність

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Margaret has got a new ....

A job

В work

 

2. They did a great ... fixing my computer.

A job

В work

 

3. He’s got ... with the government.

A job

В work

 

4. Coal mining is a hard ....

A job

В work

 

5. If .,. is worth doing, it’s worth doing well.

A work

В a work

C job

D a job

 

6. You’ve never done a day’s ... in your life.

A job

В work

 

7. There will be a lot of ... losses when the factory closes.

A job

В work

 

8. Bob’s always changing ....

A works

В work

C jobs

D job

 

9. I’ve got ... working for a bank.

A job

В a job

C a work

D work

 

10. It took me an hour to get home from ... yesterday.

A job

В work

 

11. Let’s try to make the best of a bad ....

A job

В work

 

12. He does not go about his ... in the right way.

A work

В job

 

TEST 34

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

hear

to be aware of sounds with your ears

чути, почути; чути, мати слух

listen

to give one’s attention to a sound; to take notice of what somebody says to you

слухати

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Did you ... that noise just now?

A hear

В listen

C listen to

 

2. I ... the CD on my Walkman.

A heard

В listened

C listened to

 

3. She was talking very quietly; did you __________________ what she just said?

A hear

В listen

C listen to

 

4. OK, this is important, so please ... carefully.

A hear

В listen

C listen to

 

5. I can’t ... you properly — the phone line’s really bad.

A hear

В listen

C listen to

 

6. Did you ... about the accident?

A hear

В listen

C listen to

 

7. Be careful — I’ve ... a number of strange things about them.

A heard

В listened

 

8. I told him about it, but he never ... me.

A hears

В listens

C listens to

 

9. The music next door was so loud, we couldn’t ... the TV.

A hear

В listen

C listen to

 

10. ’What did she say?’

A ’I wasn’t hearing.’

В ’I wasn’t listening.’

 

11. Didn’t you ... the doorbell?

A hear

В listen

C listen to

 

12. I told her over and over again, but she wouldn’t ... .

A hear

В listen

 

TEST 35

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

wages

an amount of money you receive each day or week. It is often paid in cash (= notes and coins)

заробітна плата (робітника)

salary

the money you receive each month. A person’s salary is often expressed as the total amount in a year.

платня, оклад; заробітна плата службовця

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. The government plans to raise the minimum ... from £4.20 to £6 per hour.

A salary

В wage

 

2. The basic ... is low, so she’ll have to do overtime to make enough money.

A salary

В wage

 

3. His ... goes directly into the bank on the last Friday of each month.

A salary

В wage

 

4. She earns a good ... as a doctor, but not as much as a consultant gets.

A salary

В wage

 

5. The owner of the restaurant only pays the waiters a weekly ... of £80.

A salary

В wage

 

6. He was offered a six-figure ... to move to a rival company.

A salary

В wage

 

7. He’s on quite a good ... in his present job.

A salary

В wage

 

8. The ... increases will come into effect in May.

A salary

В wage

 

9. Servants often worked eighteen hours a day with only half a day off once a week, for very low ...

A salary

В wage

C wages

D salaries

 

10. For the student, however, earning a ... instead of living off a grant is riches indeed.

A salary

В wage

 

11. You will learn valuable skills for the trade of your choice whilst earning a ....

A salary

В wage

 

12. He is waiting for an annual raise in his ....

A salary

В wage

 

TEST 36

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

travel

the act or activity of travelling

подорож

trip

a journey to a place and back again, especially a short one for pleasure or a particular purpose

подорож, мандрівка, поїздка; екскурсія; рейс

journey

an act of travelling from one place to another; a journey is usually one-way and is more often used when the travelling takes a long time and is difficult

подорож (суходолом); поїздка; рейс

excursion

a short trip made for pleasure, especially one that has been organized for a group of people

екскурсія; (туристична) поїздка

voyage

a long journey involving travel by sea or in space

переліт; плавання; подорож

tour

a journey made for pleasure during which several different places are visited

подорож; поїздка; турне

expedition

an organized journey with a particular purpose, especially to find out about a place that is not well known

експедиція; похід, вилазка

outing

a short trip made for pleasure or education, usually with a group of people and lasting no more than a day

заміська прогулянка, екскурсія, пікнік

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. The job involves a considerable amount of foreign ....

A travel

В outing

C tour

D journey

 

2. She’s away on a business ....

A journey

В travel

C trip

D voyage

 

3. My ... to work takes an hour.

A travel

В journey

C trip

D outing

 

4. I’m going to ... by plane.

A journey

В travel

C trip

D expedition

 

5. We went on a day ... to see Stonehenge.

A voyage

В travel

C trip

D journey

 

6. The children were on a day’s ... from school.

A voyage

В trip

C outing

D expedition

 

7. I’ve got to pick up the tickets from the ... agent.

A journey

В travel

C trip

D tour

 

8. It was their first ... to the South Pole.

A expedition

В tour

C outing

D trip

 

9. The Titanic sank on its maiden ....

A trip

В expedition

C excursion

D voyage

 

10. My friends were on a ... through England.

A tour

В trip

C journey

D outing

 

11. I’m going to take a year out to ... round the world.

A journey

В travel

C trip

D tour

 

12. We went on an all-day ... to the island.

A excursion

В trip

C voyage

D travel


TEST 37

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

economic

connected with the trade, industry and development of wealth of a country, an area or a society

економічний,господарський

economical

providing good service or value in relation to the amount of time or money spent; not spending more money than necessary

економний, ощадливий

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. He was ... in all areas of his life.

A economic

В economical

 

2. It would be more ... to buy the bigger size.

A economic

В economical

 

3. The house she lived in was very .... It didn’t use much electricity.

A economic

В economical

 

4. The government’s ... policy is a disaster.

A economic

В economical

 

5. This is a period of... crisis.

A economic

В economical

 

6. She is very ... in her use of salt when she is cooking.

A economic

В economical

 

7. What is wrong with our ... system?

A economic

В economical

 

8. They witness a period of sustained ... growth.

A economic

В economical

 

9. They’re very ... too — saving up to 50 % in laundry costs.

A economic

В economical

 

10. ... reforms are also outlined in the letter.

A economic

В economical

 

11. it is often ... to buy in large quantities.

A economic

В economical

 

12. Car Hire Hiring a car is a convenient and fairly ... way of getting around.

A economic

В economical

 

TEST 38

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

hit (hit, hit)

to come against something with force, especially causing damage or injury

ударяти; завдавати шкоди

knock

to hit something so that it moves or breaks; to put somebody/something into a particular state or position by hitting them/it

ударяти; бити, збити (з ніг)

bang

to hit something in a way that makes a loud noise

ударити, стукнути; ляскати, хлопати

strike (struck, struck)

to hit somebody/something hard

стукнути, ляснути

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Someone had ... a hole in the wall.

A hit

В knocked

C banged

D struck

 

2. The baby was ... the table with his spoon.

A hitting

В knocking

C banging

D striking

 

3. The boy was ... by a speeding car.

A struck

В hit

C banged

D knocked

 

4. The ship ... a rock.

A hit

В banged

C struck

D knocked

 

5. My parents never used to ... me.

A bang

В strike

C hit

D knock

 

6. I was ... by a falling stone.

A struck

В hit

C banged

D knocked

 

7. The door slammed with a ....

A hit

В bang

C strike

D knock

 

8. One man was ... on the head with a stick.

A struck

В knocked

C hit

D banged

 

9. He deliberately ran into her, ... her shoulder.

A banging

В hitting

C striking

D knocking

 

10. Don’t ... the door when you go out!

A strike

В bang

C knock

D hit

 

11. She ... him on the head with her umbrella.

A banged

В hit

C struck

D knocked

 

12. Be careful you don’t ... your head on this low beam.

A hit

В bang

C strike

D knock

 

TEST 39

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

fine

used to talk about your health, especially when somebody asks you how you are. It is also used to talk about somebody’s health when you are talking to somebody else

здоровий, гарний

healthy

in good health and not likely to become ill; good for your health

здоровий; корисний (для здоров’я)

strong

not easily affected by disease; healthy

сильний,здоровий, міцний

fit

in good physical health, especially because you take regular physical exercise

здоровий, у хоро­шій формі

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Keep ... by exercising regularly.

A healthy

В fit

C strong

D fine

 

2. After a few weeks she was feeling ....

A finer

В fitter

C stronger

D healthier

 

3. Her face looks ... and tanned.

A fit

В healthy

C fine

D strong

 

4. She has a ... appetite.

A fit

В strong

C healthy

D fine

 

5. This cold weather isn’t very ... .

A healthy

В strong

C fit

 

6. This is a very ... place to live.

A fit

В strong

C healthy

 

7. What do you know about ... diet?

A fit

В healthy

C fine

D strong

 

8. He tries to keep ... by jogging every day.

A fit

В stronger

C finest

D healthy

 

9. I was feeling ... when 1 got up this morning.

A strong

В fine

C healthy

D fit

 

10. Are you feeling ... now after your rest?

A finer

В healthy

C fit

D stronger

 

11. I go swimming every day in order to keep ....

A healthy

В strong

C fit

D fine

 

12. ’How’s your throat?’ ’It’s ... as long as I don’t cough.’

A strong

В healthy

C fit

D fine

 

TEST 40

 

Study the meaning of the words.

Word

Definition

Translation

make

to create or prepare something by combining materials or putting parts together; to cause something to exist or happen

робити; виготовляти, виробляти; виконувати

do

to make or prepare something, especially something artistic or something to eat

робити, здійснювати дію

create

to make something exist or happen, especially something new that did not exist before

створювати, творити; займатися творчістю

Choose the best variant of answer.

1. Scientists disagree about how the universe was ....

A created

В made

C done

 

2. The local dramatic society is ... ’Hamlet’ next month.

A making

В creating

C doing

 

3. She ... a good impression on the interviewer.

A made

В did

C created

 

4. He ... a beautiful drawing of a house.

A created

В did

C made

 

5. You’ve ... a terrible mess of this job.

A did

В made

C created

 

6. How would you like your steak ...?

A done

В made

C created

 

7. Who’s ... the food for the party?

A making

В doing

C creating

 

8. She ... her own clothes.

A does

В makes

C creates

 

9. I’m ... physics, biology and chemistry.

A doing

В making

C creating

 

10. Wine is ... from grapes.

A made

В done

C created

 

11. The government plans to ... more jobs for young people.

A do

В make

C create

 

12. I keep ... the same mistakes.

A doing

В making

C creating

 

SYNONYMS IN CONTEXT

 

TEST 1

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

The best value in Antigua is the incredible beaches. They claim there is one for each day of the year. No beach here is considered (1) __________________, so no one will charge you a penny to throw down a towel and enjoy the day. Coves in the coastline (2) __________________ calm waters for snorkeling and other water sports. If you (3) __________________ at a resort, chances are you’ll have convenient beach (4) __________________. Cruise ship visitors should (5) __________________ a cab driver and ask for a (6) __________________ to the beach. The beach at Long Bay, near the Long Bay Hotel, is a great choice for sunbathers and snorkelers.

 

 

A

В

C

1

secret

private

reserved

2

devise

operate

create

3

stand

stay

go

4

access

passage

pass

5

let

take

hire

6

ride

go

step

 

TEST 2

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

Snorkeling in Antigua could easily (1) __________________ an entire day of your visit, and the costs are generally (2) __________________. Once you’ve reached the beach (taxi charges can be negotiated) many places will rent (3) __________________. It’s probably best to bring your own mask, snorkel and fins from home, where prices aren’t set with a desperate, last-minute tourist in mind. You’ll see a wide variety of fish (4) __________________ and impressive coral formations. Take care not to touch the coral, which causes (5) __________________ to the reefs and makes the site less attractive to the budget traveler arriving after your (6) __________________.

 

 

A

В

C

1

fill up

write down

enlist

2

dear

inexpensive

high

3

tools

equipment

facilities

4

numbers

divisions

species

5

ruin

damage

wound

6

arrival

destination

departure

 

TEST 3

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

I cannot begin to (1) __________________ how important it is to take good care of your body — you only get one and you can’t (2) __________________ it or return it. Not many young people (3) __________________ about what health conditions they will have in the future. Unfortunately, what you do now does (4) __________________ your long term health. There are many things in life that we can’t control, but one thing we can control is how good we are to our bodies. Health is the (5) __________________ of all other things in life. If you don’t feel good you are not going to be able to (6) __________________ things to the best of your ability. So take good care of yourself by eating healthy foods and being physically active!

 

 

A

В

C

1

express

consider

investigate

2

exchange

barter

transact

3

bother

try

worry

4

effect

affect

include

5

root

stem

origin

6

perform

harden

accomplish

 

TEST 4

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

A species is called (1) __________________ when there are so few of its kind left that it could (2) __________________ from the planet altogether and become (3) __________________. Extinct means an animal hasn’t been seen in the (4) __________________ for 50 years. In total 804 plant and animal species are now (5) __________________ as extinct and 869 are extinct in the wild. There are also 8,462 types of animal whose futures are (6) __________________.

 

 

A

В

C

1

weakened

endangered

assisted

2

disappear

erase

evoke

3

archaic

extinct

asleep

4

forest

zoo

wild

5

put

written

recorded

6

threatened

imperiled

saved

 

TEST 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

There are no “good” and “bad” foods, only good and bad eating (1) __________________. Let’s start by (2) __________________ a look at the Food Guide Pyramid. Grain products, vegetables, fruits, low-fat milk (3) __________________, lean meats, fish, poultry, and dry beans all have a place in a (4) __________________ diet. A diet that is (5) __________________ to reflect the Pyramid provides a steady stream of energy, repairs and restores the body, and helps manage stress and (6) __________________ mood swings.

 

 

A

В

C

1

skills

moods

habits

2

giving

taking

bringing

3

products

stuff

materials

4

useful

tasty

healthy

5

accorded

balanced

harmonized

6

prevent

avoid

extend

 

TEST 6

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

If you are (1) __________________ a holiday event, do your guests a favor by including nonalcohol­ic (2) __________________ and healthier (3) __________________ such as vegetables, salad, and fruit on the (4)__________________Use low-calorie and fat-free salad (5) __________________. Putting these items out before the sweets, meats, and souffles will give everyone a better (6) __________________ of not overdoing it with high-fat, high-calorie choices.

 

 

A

В

C

1

hosting

managing

keeping

2

off license

beverages

waters

3

items

types

varieties

4

cuisine

cooking

menu

5

sauces

dressings

peppers

6

possibility

chance

choice

 

TEST 7

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

Parents should make rules and set limits for Internet use, and be (1) __________________ with their child about keeping them. These rules may include time (2) __________________ for Internet use or not using the Internet for play until after homework or chores are (3) __________________. It’s important to monitor the child’s Internet use. Keeping the computer in an (4) __________________ where the entire family can see and use it makes it easier to monitor (5) __________________. Check out the Web sites your child is visiting and what they are about. Be careful about letting your child visit chat rooms, keep an eye on what is being discussed, and make sure he does not give out his personal (6) __________________ on the Internet.

 

 

A

В

C

1

firm

hard

strong

2

merges

limits

margins

3

made

created

done

4

territory

square

area

5

assignment

activity

homework

6

information

figures

numbers

 

TEST 8

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

Bob always wanted to be a ballet dancer, from a young age. He started lessons when he was only five years old. He was (1) __________________ to get to the top. He knew that to achieve his dream, he needed to be very (2) __________________, eat properly and get enough sleep. His parents were very (3) __________________ of their son and his talent. But problems started when he was 12. Although he was (4) __________________ as a small child, he quickly grew taller. Soon the worst happened: he became too tall for classical ballet. He was very sad about this, but his teacher told him to be (5) __________________ and suggested that he take up modern dance. Bob followed her advice, and became a very successful dance teacher. He tells all his pupils that however hard you work, some things are a question of (6) __________________!

 

 

A

В

C

1

determined

disciplined

strong

2

well built

negative

hard-working

3

proud

ambitious

successful

4

weak

tiny

skinny

5

lucky

different

positive

6

discipline

luck

talent

 

TEST 9

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

Hi, (1) __________________! Here we are by the sea. The weather is (2) __________________ and I’m swimming every morning. We’re living (3) __________________ fish — they catch it fresh each day. Yesterday we (4) __________________ a boat to the nearest town (5) __________________ my parents wanted to meet up with some friends who are also on holidays here. We want to go to a different town tomorrow.

See you (6 __________________.

Love, Brian.

 

 

A

В

C

1

there

you

then

2

brilliant

delicious

strong

3

on

in

at

4

made

took

gave

5

because

but

so

6

before

quickly

soon

 

TEST 10

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

Tennis is a popular (1) __________________ in Britain and for two weeks in the summer, many people sit for hours in front of their television sets (2) __________________ the Lawn Tennis Championships at Wimble­don. It’s every tennis player’s dream to (3) __________________. Wimbledon. The competition first started in 1877, with only a few hundred (4) __________________, but now over 450,000 people attend. Top tennis players from more than sixty countries (5) __________________ the two-week long Wimbledon tournament, and (6) __________________ of the tennis stars wait all night for tickets!

 

 

A

В

C

1

sport

match

games

2

viewing

watching

seeing

3

win

beat

score

4

viewers

watchers

spectators

5

come in

join in

take part in

6

watchers

viewers

fans

 

TEST 11

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

About 40 million years (1) __________________, members of the cat family first appeared. As early as 3500 B.C., Egyptians were keeping African wildcats. They taught (2) __________________ wildcats to live alongside people in their homes, and the cats stopped being (3) __________________, and became much-loved pets. They were wonderful cats, and there are many Egyptian paintings showing how (4) __________________ they were at hunting and killing snakes, rats and mice. Around 1500 B.C. cats were actually (5) __________________ loved by the Egyptians, that if a person killed a cat, they were killed themselves. When a pet cat died, the Egyptians (6) __________________ cut off their own eyebrows to show how sad they felt.

 

 

A

В

C

1

before

ago

since

2

this

that

these

3

wild

fierce

domestic

4

good

fine

nice

5

enough

so

also

6

use to

using to

used to

 

TEST 12

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

There are many interesting (1) __________________ about cats. For instance, did you know that a do­mestic cat can run as fast as 30 mph? That it has (2) __________________ bones than a human being? That a cat’s hearing is much more sensitive than that of peopie or dogs? And that they can (3) __________________ six times better in the dark and at night than us? And though cats are excellent hunters, they spend about 16 hours of their day (4) __________________. It has been (5) __________________ shown that owning a cat is good for our health — the feel of a happy cat sitting on your knee will always (6) __________________ you feel good.

 

 

A

В

C

1

data

information

facts

2

more

many

few

3

look

watch

see

4

sleeping

asleep

sleepy

5

scientific

scientifically

scientists

6

get

do

make

 

TEST 13

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (11-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

One of the biggest underground (1) __________________ in London is, of course, the under­ground (2) __________________ — known as ’the Tube’. Some Tube (3) __________________ are more than a hundred years old, and several have recently closed. For example, the tiny line to Aldwych, the (4) __________________ of London’s theatreland, was closed in the 1990s. The empty station is now (5) __________________ for films and parties. Aldwych is just one of 40 ’ghost stations’. Another is a station called ’British Museum’, which some people say was closed because an Egyptian mummy had

(6) __________________ from the nearby museum and was haunting the station.

 

 

A

В

C

1

chains

labyrinths

networks

2

railway

rails

road

3

strings

lines

threads

4

heart

suburb

outside

5

hired about

hired off

hired out

6

escaped

ran

flied

 

TEST 14

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

Meteorologists keep daily (1) __________________ of the temperature. By comparing today’s temperature to temperatures for this date in the past, a meteorologist can say (2) __________________ today is warmer or cooler than normal.

In the same way, meteorologists (3) __________________ wind speed and determine the direction in which the wind is blowing. Meteorologists (4) __________________ measure air pressure — the force or weight of the air as it (5) __________________ the earth, humidity - how moist the air is, and precipitation - rain, sleet, hail or snow, to help them (6) __________________ forecasts.

 

 

A

В

C

1

records

data

figures

2

if

whether

as

3

weigh

measure

scale

4

also

too

as well

5

presses down

presses around

presses at

6

write

do

make

 

TEST 15

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (1-6) choose the correct answer (A, В or C).

A drought is an extended period of time in which there is an (1) __________________ low level of pre­cipitation in an area. Very hot temperatures also often (2) __________________ it. They generally last for only one season, but they can go on (3) __________________ years. When soil doesn’t have enough water, it loses its (4) __________________ to sustain nutrients and plants can’t grow. Drought can lead to famine, forest fires, crop (5) __________________, soil erosion, dust storms, and lowered water levels in rivers and lakes. A drought can also (6) __________________ to devastating economic loss. Droughts can have more of an economic impact than any other type of natural disaster.

 

 

A

В

C

1

usual

unusually

usually

2

company

follow

accompany

3

for

about

in

4

capability

ability

skills

5

lose

loss

lost

6

take

drag

lead









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