Англійська мова. Універсальне видання - підготовка до ЗНО та ДПА

ПЕРЕВІР СВОЇ ЗНАННЯ

 

Словотворення

 

NOUNS

 

TASK 1

 

Study the information in the table.

Noun Suffixes

-er added to a verb is used for the person who does an activity: writer, worker, singer,... (sometimes -or, as in actor, sailor, supervisor,...)

-er/-or are also used for things which do a particular job: tin-opener, projector, ...

-er and -ee can contrast with each other, meaning “person who does something” (-er) and “person who receives or experiences the action” (-ee): employer/employee, ...

-(t)ion is used to make nouns from verbs: communication, pollution, admission, ...

-ist (person) and -ism (activity or ideology): marxist/Marxism, terrorist/terrorism, ...

-ist is also used for people who play musical instruments: pianist, violinist, ...

-al is added to some verbs to make nouns: arrival, refusal, ...

-ness is used to make abstract nouns from adjectives: happiness, goodness, weakness, ...

-ment is used to make abstract nouns from verbs: excitement, enjoyment, ...

-hood is used to make abstract nouns, especially family terms, from nouns: childhood, brotherhood, ...

-ship is used to make abstract nouns, especially status, from nouns: friendship, membership, partnership, ...

-(i)ty is used to make abstract nouns from adjectives: honesty, loyalty, ...

 

TASK 2

 

Do the exercises. Practise the noun formation.

1. Form corresponding nouns.

1. to add — _________________

2. to admire — _________________

3. to celebrate — _________________

4. to compose — _________________

5. to cooperate — _________________

6. to decorate — _________________

7. to devote — _________________

8. to dictate — _________________

9. to educate — _________________

10. to examine — _________________

11. to invite — _________________

12. to observe —_____________

13. to protect — _________________

14. to subtract — _________________

15. to translate — _________________

 

2. Make nouns from each of the following adjectives and nouns.

1. true _________________ (happy)

2. a sign of _________________ (weak)

3. to treat somebody with _________________ (kind)

4. his own greed and _________________ (selfish)

5. in early _________________ (child)

6. happy _________________ (adult)

7. to live in peace and _________________ (brother)

8. a religious _________________ (sister)

 

3. Give the noun form of these verbs.

1. improve (get better) — _________________

2. govern (control affairs of a country, city or town) _________________

3. manage (direct or control business) _________________

4. elect (choose somebody by voting) _________________

5. spell (to write a word) _________________

6. inform (tell someone something)_________

7. discuss (talk about something usually seriously) _________________

8. jog (running as a form of exercise) _________________

 

4. How do you call someone who does the following?

1. someone who drives a car is a _________________

2. someone who translates is a _________________

3. someone who studies the mind is a _________________

4. someone who studies the economy is an _________________

5. someone who teaches children at school is a _________________

6. someone who acts in movies is an _________________

7. someone who plays football is a _________________

8. someone who designs buildings is an _________________

9. someone who takes pictures is a _________________

10. someone who employs people is an _________________

11. someone who works on a ship is a _________________

 

5. Use the word in bold to form the noun which refers to the person who does that job.

1. A person who acts for a living is called an _________________.

2. A _________________ is someone who earns money from writing music.

3. She didn’t become famous as a _________________ until her 17th novel was published.

4. One who works at a particular occupation or activity is an office _________________.

5. An _________________ is someone who will be able to go through your accounts and work out how much money you have.

6. _________________ to the castle are expected to come during visiting times only.

7. A woman who plays the piano as a profession is a _________________.

8. I like listening to music, especially when Sally’s playing the violin. She is a professional _________________ .______________________

 

б. Complete each of the sentences by inserting the noun formed from the verb in brackets.

Kids love secret codes. Parents love impressing friends and family with well-behaved children. It’s the perfect (1) _________________ (combine). Discuss with your kids a (2) _________________ (state) or (3) _________________ (act) that is code for “remember your manners!” Maybe you’ll tap your wrist and ask your son if he forgot his watch. Or you’ll say, “I’ve been looking forward to this dinner all day.” Others won’t know that you just secretly told your kids to straighten up. Kids will find (4) _________________ (appreciate) in not being embarrassed by their parents.

 

7. Complete each of the sentences by inserting the noun formed from the verb in brackets.

Rules for the dieter:

Don’t criticize other’s food (1) _________________ (choose).

It’s okay to express (2) _________________ (disapprove) at the gigantic proportions on your plate.

Children should hear adults’ (3) _______________________ (discuss) healthy eating and smart choices – not diets and jean sizes.

Don’t be a food (4) _________________ (push).

 

8. Complete each of the sentences by inserting the noun formed from the verb in brackets.

Express your (1) _________________ (gratify) frequently by thanking others. Be creative!

Study the (2) _________________ (differ) between needs and wants.

Follow the (3) _________________ (recommend): make a gratitude list.

Remember that there is no (4) _________________ (expire) date on gratitude!

 

9. Choose the correct item.

1. He’s a man of great ...

A generousness

В generoushood

C generosity

D generously

 

2. I’ll always remember my ... as a very happy period of my life.

A childness

В childhood

C childish

D childless

 

3. We can’t go on unless we have his ...

A agreement

В agreeable

C disagree

D agreeability

 

4. She takes great care about her ...

A appearment

В appearness

C appearance

D apparition

 

5. She said nothing in her ...

A defensive

В defend

C defence

D defendant

 

6. His daughter’s success gave him great ...

A satisfied

В satisfaction

C satisfactory

D disatisfaction

 

10. Fill the blank spaces with the appropriate word from the list.

 

relationship

partnership

fellowship

friendship

membership

ownership

 

1. It’s the story of an extraordinary _________________ between a boy and a seal.

2. They offer students counselling and _________________.

3. The club has a _________________ of more than 500.

4. Marriage should be an equal _________________.

5. The restaurant is under new _________________.

6. I’m really interested in the _________________ between mothers and their children.

 

11. Use the correct form of the word in brackets.

1. My teacher says there has been a big _________________ in my English lately, (improve)

2. Selling the house is just one _________________ that is open to us. (possible)

3. Why did you do that? ! thought you had more _________________ than that, (intelligent)

4. The singer gave a brilliant _________________ on stage yesterday, (perform)

5. Have you seen her magazine _________________? She must have over 200 editions, (collect)

6. On hearing the news, everyone was overcome with a feeling of _________________. (sad)

7. Animal owners were given leaflets and brochures on how to look after their pets in order to prevent _________________ towards animals, (cruel)

8. She has the _________________ to pass the exam first time round providing she works hard, (able)

 

ADJECTIVES SUFFIXES

 

TASK 1

 

Study the information in the table.

Adjective Suffixes

-able/-ible with verbs means “can be done”: readable, countable, edible, flexible, ...

-ive is used to make adjectives from verbs: active, passive, ...

-al is used to make adjectives from nouns: brutal, legal, ...

-ous is used to make adjectives from nouns: dangerous, furious, ...

-ful is used to make adjectives from nouns or verbs: hopeful, useful, forgetful, ...

-less is used to make adjectives from nouns or verbs: useless, harmless, cloudless, ...

-ic/-ical is used to make adjectives with nouns: economic/economical, ...

-ish can be added to most common adjectives and means “resembling or being in a simi­lar state”: childish, boyish,..; or “to make them less precise”: reddish hair, she’s thirtyish, come about eightish

-y is usually added to uncountable nouns meaning a material: sandy, milky, foggy,....

 

TASK 2

 

Do the exercises. Practice the forming of adjectives with the help of suffixes. Consult the dictionary in case of any difficulty.

1. Match the adjectives forming suffixes with the appropriate words.

 

1.

interest, tire, bore

A. -ic

2.

romance, sympathy, science

B. -(i)ous

3.

practice, nature, logic

C. -ful -less

4.

like, rely, sense

D. -ing -ed

5.

ideal, real, individual

E. -al

6.

mood, stuff, happiness, cloud

F. -(i/a)ble

7.

self, child

G. (/e)nt

8.

decision, create, imagination

H. -ish

9.

importance, tolerate, difference

I. -ive

10.

mystery, ambition, danger

J. -istic

11.

hope, care, help

K. -y

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

 

2. Make an adjective from each of the following nouns.

1. interest —__________________

2. enthusiasm —_______________

3. fluency —___________________

4. sensation —_________________

5. nation —___________________

6. democracy —________________

7. help —_____________________

8. hunger —___________________

9. experiment —_______________

 

3. Form adjectives from the given nouns if possible.

!!!! Not all adjectives ending in -ful have a positive meaning.


 

Positive meaning -ful

Negative meaning -less

Beauty

 

 

Brain

 

 

Care

 

 

Charm

 

 

Event

 

 

Faith

 

 

Harm

 

 

Help

 

 

Hope

 

 

Home

 

 

Pain

 

 

Peace

 

 

Penny

 

 

Power

 

 

Sleep

 

 

Taste

 

 

Thought

 

 

Time

 

 

Use

 

 

 

4. Complete the sentences using an adjective ending in -ful or in -less.

1. I liked the story very much. I thought it was _________________. (delight)

2. The man felt no fear when he went hunting. He was really a _________________ hunter, (fearj

3. My friend talks all the time. His words are _________________. (end)

4. Children should be _________________ to their parents. (thank)

5. Bright flowers make the room look _________________. (cheer)

6. Only a very _________________ craftsman could make such a beautiful piece of furniture. (skill)

 

5. Unscramble the words.

1. full of cheer: hcerelflu ________________

2. not happy: pypunha__________________

3. in a gentle way: ylentg _______________

4. the opposite of able: nbleau_______________

5. in a kind way: lykdin _________________

6. involving a lot of risk: edganorsu________

 

6. Complete each sentence by inserting the adjective formed from the word in brackets.

1. It was a very _________________ decision, (fool)

2. The supermarket was situated in a _________________ square, (center)

3. Gold is a very _________________ metal, (value)

4. Mark Twain wrote many _________________ stories, (humour)

5. Susan feels quite _________________ in this warm light room, (comfort)

6. The runner was a man of _________________ build, (athlete)

7. The group of boys studied the _________________ sky through a telescope, (star)

8. A _________________ person soon puts you at your ease, (friend)

 

7. In the following paragraph there are fourteen words ending with -ible or -able, some of which are misspelled. Read the paragraph, locate the misspelled words and write the correct

spellings in the space provided below the paragraph.

Most people thought that Michael, an eligable bachelor, was an adorable, personible man. Mattie, how­ever, found him detestable. Some time ago, Michael promised to take Mattie to a fashionible restaurant for a remarkible dinner. As horrable as it sounds, Michael took Mattie to the local McDonald’s. Most of the food there was either inedable or undigestable. Mattie was as irritable as passable when she told her roommates about her terrible date. “Whoever finally marries that contemptable Michael,” Mattie said, “is certainly not going to be in an enviable position.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. In the following sentences, the final four letters are omitted from each -ible or -able word. Complete each word with the appropriate ending.

1. Last night’s movie about the invis _____ man was so incred _____ that it was laugh _____.

2. My irrespons _____ little brother is usually kept away from anything break _____.

3. Are these new clothes really comfort _____, or do people only wear them because they are fashion _____?

4. I think I would be less irrit _____ if my professors were more flex _____.

5. I don’t think voting twice in national elections is permiss _____.

6. It’s always valu _____ to have a friend who is depend _____.

7. My employer said that it isn’t suit _____ to have a secretary whose handwriting is illeg _____.

 

9. Choose the correct item.

1. I didn’t enjoy the film. The story was so ... .

2. I don’t feel very ... about the future. In fact, I’m very worried.

3. I didn’t enjoy the restaurant at all. I thought the food was really ... .

4. You can never trust what he says. He’s so ....

5. The museum is certainly very' .... There are so many amazing things to see.

6. ’It is a .... moment,’ he told journalists.

7. Was King Arthur a real ... figure?

8. Kathy seems to take a very ... role in the relationship.

9. We’ve decided to go to a quiet fishing village with a ... harbour.

 

 

A

В

C

D

1

believing

unbelievable

disbelief

disbeliever

2

optimism

optimistic

optimum

optimistically

3

disgust

disgusting

disgusted

disgutedly

4

unreliable

reliable

reliability

unreliability

5

impressed

impression

impressive

impress

6

histerical

historable

historic

history

7

historical

historic

histeric

history

8

pass

passivity

passion

passive

9

picture

picturesque

pictured

depicted

 

10. Use the words in capitals to form a word that fits in the space in the same place.

 

Working full-time can be a very (1)... experience for most people; long hours and the pressure to be (2)... in a (3) ... society both contribute to the build-up of anxiety. If you’re feeling (4)..., there’s no better way to relax than to exercise. However, many people return from work too (5) ... to move. People are criticized for being lazy and (6) ... and for watching too much television which is not (7) ... to our health. Taking regular exercise can be both relaxing and (8) ... and people who feel healthy often also feel more (9) ... . You don’t need to be especially (10) ... to take up a sport; simply choose one that is

(11) ... to your character.

STRESS

1 _________________

SUCCESS

2 _________________

COMPETE

3 _________________

NERVE

4 _________________

 

EXHUAST

 

5 _________________

ACTIVE

6 _________________

BENEFIT

7 _________________

PLEASURE

8 _________________

CONFIDENCE

9 _________________

ENERGY

10 _________________

SUIT

11 _________________

 

ADJECTIVES PREFIXES

 

TASK 1

 

Study the material in the table.

Adjectives Prefixes

Prefixes are often used to give adjectives a negative meaning. The most common adjective prefixes are

un-, in- and dis-: uncomfortable, inconvenient, dishonest, ...

in- becomes im- before a root beginning with ’m’ or ’p’ (immature, impatient),

ir- before a word beginning with ’r’ (irregular) and

il- before a word beginning with ‘l’ (illegal, illiterate).

in- does not always have a negative meaning; it often gives the idea of inside or into: internal,...

over- and under- can be added to adjectives and Past Participles, and mean “having too much of a given feature (over-)” and “having too little of a given feature (under-)”: overcooked, underdone, ...

Other common prefixes are:

a- meaning: on, in, of, not, without: anew

ab- meaning: away, from: abnormal

anti- meaning: opposing, against: antisocial

hyper- meaning: more than normal: hyperactive

mal- meaning: bad, wrongful: maladjusted

non- meaning: absence, negation: non-alcoholic

pre- meaning: before in time, place, order or importance: prearranged

sub- meaning: nearly, approximately: subtropical

super- meaning: above, beyond, over: superhuman

 

TASK 2

 

Do the exercises. Practice the formation of adjectives with the help of prefixes. Consult the dictionary in case of any difficulty.

1. Add appropriate prefix to make a new adjective.

1. social —___________________

2. honest —__________________

3. legible —__________________

4. mature -___________________

5. acceptable —_______________

6. responsible —_______________

7. leading —__________________

8. happy —___________________

9. fed -______________________

10. developed —_______________

11. done —___________________

12. crowded — _________________

 

2. What's the opposite? Choose the correct item.

1. honest

A dishonest

В unhonest

C inhonest

D imhonest

 

2. careful

A caring

В careless

C care-free

D careness

 

3. loyal

A unloyal

В disloyal

C unloyal

D inloyal

 

4. possible

A impossible

В unpossible

C dispossible

D inpossible

 

5. cooperative

A incooperative

В uncooperative

C imcooperative

D discooperative

 

6. active

A unactive

В inactive

C disactive

D nonactive

 

3. Unscramble the words.

1. faster than the speed of sound: suopeicrsn _________________

2. unable to have babies: iienrftel _________________

3. floating on water: laotaf _________________

4. still living and not dead: vaile _________________

5. if you are wrong about something that you thought you knew or saw: eisamntk _____________________________________________

6. not polite: eimloitp _________________

7. being planned or happening: taofo _________________

8. designed to destroy enemy tank: nait-atkn _________________

 

4. Complete each sentence with an adjective that best fills the gap.

 

supernatural

abnormal

understaffed

overweight

hyperactive

immoral

illegible

maladjusted

 


1. It’s _________________ to be rich while people are starving and homeless.

2. His handwriting is totally _________________.

3. My parents thought it was _________________ for a boy to be interested in ballet.

4. A child who is too active and is not able to keep still or be quiet for very long is a _________________ child.

5. А _________________ child behaves badly and is unable to form good relationships with people be­cause they have emotional problems.

6. My luggage was _________________ by five kilos.

7. I was sure in his _________________ powers.

8. They are not having enough workers, I think, the office is _________________.

 

5. Choose the correct prefix.

1. legal

A il-

В im-

C re-

 

2. even

A mis-

В trans-

C un-

 

3. certain

A in-

В dis-

C un-

 

4. fortunate

A un-

В in-

C im-

 

5. direct

A il-

В un-

C in-

 

6. possible

A ir-

В im-

C un-

 

7. regular

A il-

В im-

C ir-

 

8. moral

A in-

В il-

C im-

 

6. Match the prefix with the correct words.

 

1. im-

A. organized, honest

2. dis-

B. responsible, regular, reparable

3. il-

C. logical, legal

4. ir-

D. possible, pregnable

5. in-

E. lucky, able, tidy, stoppable

6. un-

F. decisive, correct

 

7. Write a new word using a prefix: un-, mis-, dis- or in-.

1. friendly —____________________

2. reasonable —__________________

3. informed —___________________

4. valuable —____________________

5. appropriate —_________________

6. interpreted —_________________

7. approved —___________________

8. predictable — _________________

9. attentive —___________________

 

8. Complete the sentences with the appropriate words from the box.

 

disinterested

inaccurate

invisible

indecent

untidy

immobile

unimportant

unusual

 

1. You can’t go out in that dress - it’s positively _____________________ !

2. She could see a figure sitting _____________________, facing the sea.

3. He continued speaking and dwelling on _____________________ details.

4. He was fined $300,000 for making _____________________ statements to Congress.

5. Her clothes were in an _____________________ heap on the floor.

6. Her response was _____________________.

7. The house was surrounded by trees and _____________________ from the road.

8. A lawyer should provide _____________________ advice.

 

9. Put the word in brackets into the correct form. You will have to use prefixes and/or suffixes.

1. He was sitting in a _____________________ seat on the train, (comfort)

2. There was a _____________________ light coming from the window. (green)

3. He was acting in a very _____________________ way. (child)

4. This word is very difficult to spell, and even worse, it’s _____________________. (pronounce)

5. I try not to go to the supermarket at 5pm because it’s _____________________. (practice)

6. You shouldn’t have done that! It was very _____________________ of you. (think)

I. He didn’t pass his exam. He was _____________________ for the second time. (succeed)

8. There was the need for _____________________ construction when the fighting stopped. (war)

9. The party was _____________________, everything went wrong. (disaster)

10.The film was so _____________________ that we left before the end. (bore)

11.Violent crimes against the elderly are fortunately very _____________________. (common)

 

10. Choose the correct prefix to make negative forms of the adjectives.

1. Helen is certain whether to go to France or not.

A dis-

B im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

2. It’s totally rational but I’m afraid of spiders.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

3. It’s legal to drive when the light is red.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

4. It was possible to sleep because of the noise.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

5. He gave the editor a honest account of events.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

6. Why did you write this sentence? It’s completely logical.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

7. It will be polite to refuse his invitation.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

8. He had an reliable car.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

9. She was taken to hospital suffering from an regular heartbeat.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

10. The campaign was hopelessly organized.

A dis-

В im-

C il-

D un-

E ir-

 

WORD FORMATION TESTS

 

TEST 1

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each iine to form a word that fits in the space in the same iine. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Buckingham Palace has sent out (1) _____________________ for the wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton. Officials have not disclosed who is invited but (2) _____________________ who follow the royal family say half of the guests are family and friends. The rest will be leading British (3) _____________________, VIPs from all over the world, and a scattering of stars and celebrities. Of those invited to the ceremony at London’s Westminster Abbey on April 29, a third will go on to attend a (4) _____________________ reception at Buckingham Palace hosted by Queen Elizabeth, and then half of those will go on to a dinner party hosted by Prince Charles, William’s father.

INVITE

JOURNAL

POLICY

CELEBRATE

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

 


TEST 2

 

Read the text beiow. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

For those who want a (1) _____________________ stylist affair, the Wynn Las Vegas offers its “elegant affair” package. Check that out: $23,090 buys a dedi­cated wedding (2) _____________________, private limousine, private check-in, all the (3) _____________________ ceremony elements, beauty salon services, multiple spa (4) _____________________, golf package for two with personal caddy for each, two nights in a 2,490 sq. ft villa, and more. But couples don’t need to shy away from the Wynn because of that package, the Wedding Salons at Wynn Las Vegas offers several other packages that range from basic through the Wynn ceremony, at much more (5) _____________________ prices.

UNIQUE

CONSULT

TRADITION TREAT

 

 

REASON

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

 

TEST 3

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Enemv drinks packed full of caffeine mav be (1) _____________________ for children. That’s the (2) _____________________ of a new report from the University of Miami. Study author Judith Schaechter said popular drinks like Red Bull and Monster Energy have no health benefits. Many of the ingredients used to make them are not regulated. Dr. Schaechter warned that children with conditions such as diabetes, mood swings and heart, kidnev or liver diseases mav have negative (3) _____________________ to the drinks and could even die after drinking them. Nearly a third of American children between the ages of 12 to 14 (4) _____________________ buy these beverages. Sales are (5) _____________________ rising. American teens say the drinks help them at school.

HARM CONCLUDE

 

 

REACT

REGULAR

STEADY

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

 

TEST 4

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same iine. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Austria is a (1) _____________________ destination for outdoor enthusiasts. Go (2) _____________________ in the Alps, enjoy the hiking trails, cycle along the paths or go (3) _____________________ in its lakes. Yes, lakes. Even though Austria is surrounded by land, the Bodensee is a great water destination. Whatever vour (4) _____________________ May be, the fresh air is balm for your soul. Although Vienna is its capital, other cities such as Salzbure. Innsbruck and Linz draw manv (5) _____________________. Austria is also known for its influence on the opera and classical music. No trip could be considered complete without watching at least one (6) _____________________.

You will come across (7) _____________________ sites, statues, quaint cafes and res­taurants. It trulv is a (8) _____________________ citv. One of the highlights is indulging on the sweets. The Sachertorte is (9) _____________________ delicious but there are hundreds of other options for you to try. You are on vacation, right? Enjoy it!

WONDER SKI

SWIM

CHOOSE

TOURISM

PERFORM

 

HISTORY

ROMANCE ABSOLUTE

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

6

 

7

 

8

 

9

 

 

TEST 5

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Some of the best Florida beach destinations for (1) _____________________ aren’t (2) _____________________ those that earn national (3) _____________________ as the best beaches. They may not have the best sand or the biggest waves, but what thev do is cater to (4) _____________________ crowds that love them just the way they are.

There are other (5) _____________________ opportunities including water sports and familv-friendly (6) _____________________ and water parks.

VACATION NECESSARY

RECOGNIZE

SPECIFY

RECREATION AMUSE

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

6

 

 

TEST 6

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each iine to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Madeira is located in the (1) _____________________ Atlantic Ocean southwest of Portugal and off the coast of Africa. The island is (2) _____________________ beautiful with spectacular views and something for everyone. About the only things lacking on Madeira are flat land and (3) _____________________ beaches. The Madeirans use terraces and bridges to (4) _____________________ for the flat land and take the short trio to the (5) _____________________ island of Porto Santo to sit on sandy beaches. Madeiran vacation is recommended to anyone who loves (6) _____________________ islands, perfect weather, and beautiful flora.

EAST

BREATHTAKING

SAND COMPENSATING

NEIGHBOR

MOUNTAIN

 

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TEST 7

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each Sine to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

The letter of (1) _____________________ shows a prospective (2) _____________________ that you know how to write a letter. While this may be of decreasing (3) _____________________ in an electronic age, many em­ployers still value it (4) _____________________, both as a skill in its own right and as a test of your ability to communicate (5) _____________________ and (6) _____________________.

APPLY EMPLOY

IMPORTANT

HIGH CLEAR

EFFECTIVE

 

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6

 

 

TEST 8

 

Read the text beiow. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Rio de Janeiro is a citv of (1) _____________________ beaches, (2) _____________________ football, sensual samba and pulsating Carnival. It is the place where you go to forget all the (3) _____________________ of (4) _____________________ life and enjoy some time alone with your partner. Right in Rio de Janeiro, on the Copacabana beach, is one of the finest hotels of Brazil — Copacabana Palace. Catering to the rich and (5) _____________________ since 1923, Copacabana Palace is one of the first hotels in Rio to be built on the seashore. Forming a part of Brazil’s (6) _____________________ heritage, the hotel prides itself on its consummate services, delectable cuisine, (7) _____________________ opulence and elegant (8) _____________________.

SAND ENERGY

TENSE DAY

 

FAME

HISTORY

LUXURY RESIDE

 

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TEST 9

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Cocoa trees grew wild in the jungle, and the ancient Maya and Aztec civilizations of Central America used them to make a (1) _____________________ rather bitter drink for special occasions. Centuries later the Aztec Empire fell, and the Conquistador Hernan Cortes brought cocoa beans back across the ocean to Spain.

(2) _____________________ chocolate spread across Europe — it was the (3) _____________________ (4) _____________________ of Kings and Queens, the (5) _____________________ and the rich, just like caviar or champagne today. At the end of the 19th Century milk was added, and at last someone devised a way of making chocolate to eat as well as to drink. But it wasn’t until the 20th centurv that chocolate became (6) _____________________ for everyone.

So chocolate has been on an epic journey, but its (7) _____________________ is enduring: prized once by Aztec warriors and today by millions of people around the world.

SPICE

 

GRADUAL FASHION CHOOSE

NOBLE

AFFORD

POPULAR

 

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TEST 10

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

It starts with that telltale little tingle, and within a day or two, you have nasty little red sores around your mouth. No one likes to have a cold sore outbreak, but (1) _____________________, there are new (2) _____________________ available to help vou (3) _____________________ the pain and speed the (4) _____________________.

If vou’re (5) _____________________ getting cold sores, your doctor may decide to (6) _____________________ an antiviral medication — either a cream or ointment or an oral medication.

 

FORTUNATE TREAT

MINIMUM HEAL

CONSTANT PRESCRIPTION

 

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TEST 11

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each iine to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

Our skin is (1) _____________________ affected by (2) _____________________ factors, including sunlight, cold weather, too dry air and so on. As a result, the process of aging speeds up and makes our skin look much less (3) _____________________ and youthful than we want it to. However, with the (4) _____________________ of modern cosmetic which gives us great natural revitalizing, rejuvenating and anti aging skin care products, silky smooth skin is not just a dream for many of modern ladies over 30. Besides, they can always try various (5) _____________________ approaches that have been used for centuries and have proven their (6) _____________________.

CONSTANT NUMBER

ATTRACT

DEVELOP

 

NATURE

EFFECTIVE

 

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TEST 12

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

The Algarve is the most (1) _____________________ region of Portugal and it’s one of Europe’s favourite holiday destinations well known for (2) _____________________ year round sunshine and excellent sandy beaches. These (3) _____________________ from secluded coves with amazing cliffs to vast stretches of (4) _____________________ sand all sea washed by the fresh and clear Atlantic ocean. Inland vou will find quaint villages barelv touched bv (5) _____________________. Traces of the Moorish (6) _____________________ are still evident in the local (7) _____________________. The orange groves and blossoming almond trees add colour to this (8) _____________________ region in contrast with the whitewashed (9) _____________________ houses. Due to the mild nature of the weather the Algarve is ideal for many outdoor sporting activities such as water sports, golf in one of the (10) _____________________ world-class golf courses, tennis, horse riding, and many more.

 

SOUTH

GLORY VARIOUS

GOLD

TOURIST

PRESENT ARCHITECT

FERTILIZE TRADITION

NUMBER

 

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10

 

 


TEST 
13

 

Read the text beiow. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

A sore throat is a common (1) _____________________ condition also known as “pharyngitis”. Sore throats can be caused by viruses, bac­teria or substances such as alcohol, tobacco or (2) _____________________ Sore throats that do not (3) _____________________ antibiotics or other (4) _____________________ medications can usually be self-treated by some simple (5) _____________________. The common “mild” sore throat is (6) _____________________ one which is slightly (7) _____________________ when swallowing, has a red/irritated (8) _____________________ and may include a low-grade fever.

MEDICINE

POLLUTE

REQUIREMENT PRESCRIPTION

INTERVENE TYPICAL

PAINFUL APPEARANCE

 

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TEST 14

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

The first floppy disk was invented by a team of (1) _____________________ at IBM in the year 1971. The team was headed bv Alan Shugart and the main (2) _____________________ in the team was David Noble.

The (3) _____________________ at IBM wanted to create a device which could store (4) _____________________ for the users as backup for their software programmes and other files. These floppy disks were known as memory disks in the beginning. The first floppy disk was 8 inches in diameter and was made of plastic mate­rial and had (5) _____________________ iron oxide. These floppy disks were a great success. Later the disk faced some (6) _____________________ due to its big size and (7) _____________________ over a longer period. Many companies started on improving the (8) _____________________ floppy.

RESEARCH

DESIGN

PROFESSION INFORM

 

MAGNET

LIMITATE NON-RELIABLE

ORIGIN

 

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TEST 15

 

Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Write your word in the answer boxes provided.

 

The first telephone was made by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.

(1) _____________________ believe that another (2) _____________________ Elisha Gray also invented the telephone at the same time (3) _____________________ and both the inventors rushed to the patent office to get their (4) _____________________ patented but Graham Bell got the patent first on March 7, 1876. Graham bell was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. His father was a teacher of “visible speech” and helped teachers teach the deaf. Graham’s mother, a portrait (5) _____________________ and a (6) _____________________ lost her power of (7) _____________________ when Graham was just twelve. Graham used to help his father in (8) _____________________ and acquired expertise in “visible speech”.

 

HISTORY INVENT

INDEPENDENCE INVENT

 

PAINT MUSIC

HEAR DEMONSTRATE

 

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