Матеріали для Нової української школи 1 клас - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити

Англійська мова. Універсальне видання - підготовка до ЗНО та ДПА

ПІДГОТОВКА ДО ЗНО

 

Тестові задання у форматі ЗНО

 

ВАРІАНТ 1

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

( ) (1) Man has added extraneous substances to his food since prehistoric times. Salt and spices are the oldest food additives we know of, used by prehistoric man to preserve his meat and fish, and to make the taste more interesting. Today, the substances, natural and synthetic, added to food run into thousands. Most of the foods we buy contain one or more additives.

( ) (2) In most developing countries, two-thirds or more of the people live in rural areas, with few, if any, of the services the city-dweller takes for granted. Water taps in houses, for example, are almost unknown. At best, there may be a village well. Often the only source of water is a lake or a stream, perhaps several kilometres away. The drudgery of water-carrying can take up the better part of every day.

( ) (3) It is not necessary to emphasize the enormous restrictions that blindness imposes upon the ordinary procedures of earning a living: we’re only too well aware that we’re in general more dependent on sight than on smell, touch or hearing. But it’s worth pointing out that sight affects the knowledge of the world we receive through our other senses.

( ) (4) Mankind is always searching for a better life. One way of improving it is to plan work so that it corresponds to the capacities and needs of the worker. Ergonomics is concerned with fitting work to man. It doesn’t limit its goal to the elimination of physical hazards to health, but aims at making the work more satisfying to the worker.

( ) (5) People need to be made far more aware of safety in ordinary everyday situations — a classic example, of course, is the child reaching for the bottle of tablets Mum forgot to lock away — and it seems to me that the cinema would be the ideal place in which to get the message across. A film about safety tucked at the end of the forthcoming attractions and advertisements would then be seen by a large section of the population.

 

A Most food nowadays contains additives.

В Books are good.

C Showing short safety films in the cinema would be an excellent way of promoting awareness of the need for everyday safety consciousness.

D Work can be organized to suit the capabilities of humans.

E Juan enjoys playing games.

F We depend on sight.

G Most people in developing countries have to carry all their water.

H All cartoons are bad.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

HALF-TRUTHS

Beware of those who use the truth to deceive. When someone tells you something that is true, but leaves out important information that should be included, he can create a false impression.

For example, someone might say, ’I just won a hundred dollars on the lottery. It was great. I took that dollar ticket back to the store and turned it in for one hundred dollars!’

This guy’s a winner, right? Maybe, maybe not. We then discover that he bought two hundred tickets, and only one was a winner. He’s really a big loser!

He didn’t say anything that was false, but he deliberately omitted important information. That’s called a half-truth. Half-truths are not technically lies, but they are just as dishonest.

Untrustworthy candidates in political campaigns often use this tactic. Let’s say that during Governor Smith’s last term, her state lost one million jobs and gained three million jobs. Then she seeks another term. One of her opponents runs an ad saying, ’During Governor Smith’s term, the sate lost one million jobs!’ That’s true. However an honest statement would have been, ’During Governor Smith’s term, the state had a net gain of two million jobs’.

Advertisers will sometimes use half-truths. It’s against the law to make false claims so they try to mislead you with the truth. An ad might boast, ’Nine out of ten doctors recommend Yucky Pills to cure nose pimples’. It fails to mention that they only asked ten doctors and nine of them work for the Yucky Corporation.

This kind of deception happens too often. It’s a sad fact of life: Lies are lies, and sometimes the truth can lie as well.

 

6 When someone tells you something that is true, but leaves out important information.

A He give you ten dollars.

В He is a big loser.

C He can create a false impression.

D He is a good liar.

7 Which statement is true according to the article?

A Whenever people tell the truth, they are really lying.

В You can’t trust gamblers.

C All governors help their states.

D The truth can be used in dishonest ways.

8 What does ’deceive’ mean?

A Removing one’s teeth in public

В Ignore warnings

C Fool

D Repair

9 What does ’omitted’ mean?

A Spent money

В Left out

C Told about

D Exposed

10 The author clearly wants people to ... .

A think carefully about what they read and hear

В wear mismatched socks during political campaigns

C never trust anyone

D vote for female candidates

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 David wants to buy a Christmas present for a very special person, his mother. David’s father gives him $5.00 a week pocket money and David puts $2.00 a week into his bank account. After three months David takes $20.00 out of his bank account and goes to the shopping mall. He looks and looks for a perfect gift. Suddenly he sees a beautiful brooch in the shape of his favourite pet. He says to himself, ’My mother loves jewelry, and the brooch costs only $17.00’. He buys the brooch and takes it home. He wraps the present in Christmas paper and places it under the tree. He is very excited and he is looking forward to Christmas morning to see the joy on his mother’s face. But when his mother opens the present she screams with fright because she sees a spider.

12 I want to tell you... I just gave birth to 5 babies last weekend. Isn’t that exciting? Oh, you don’t believe me? Okay then, I stole some money from a bank on Saturday night. Now do you believe me? (Actually, I hope you don’t.) This holiday started in the sixteenth century in Europe. Before that time, New Year’s Day was celebrated on April 1st. Then a new calendar was introduced called the Gregorian calendar. January 1st became the first day of the year, but many people did not know

about it. So those who continued to celebrate New Year’s Day on April 1st were teased. They were called fools. Nowadays we play jokes on people on this day.

13 A ground hog is a small animal that digs and lives under the ground. It is also called the woodchuck There is a legend that says that the ground hog wakes up from his hibernation on February 2. (February 2 is half way between winter and spring.) If he comes up from his hole and it is sunny, he will see his shadow and be frightened. If he sees his shadow, there will be 6 more weeks of winter weather. But if he comes up and the sky is cloudy, he will not see his shadow and will not be frightened. Then spring weather will come very soon. Some people believe this legend and they watch the sky on February 2.

14 This holiday falls on October 31st each year in North America and other parts of the world. The tradition of this holiday was carried to America by the immigrating Europeans. It is primarily a fun day for children. Children dress up in costumes like people did a thousand years ago. But instead of worrying about evil spirits, they go from house to house. They knock on doors and say ’trick or treat’. The owner of each house gives candy or something special to each trick or treater.

15 The United States has at least one holiday in every month except August. On the third Monday of February, Americans celebrate the birthday of two former presidents. They are George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. You may have heard of them. They were both famous U.S. presidents and they both have birthdays in February. Even though they are different days, we celebrate both of them on the same day.

16 This holiday is a very old holiday. It goes back to the times of Ancient Rome. One of the characters we often see on this day is Cupid. He was the son of Venus, the goddess of love. He shoots people with arrows of love. When a man and a woman are hit by his arrows, they will fall in love. Today people celebrate this holiday on February 14.

 

A A Special Christmas Present

В Martin Luther King, Jr

C President’s Day

D History of Halloween

E Ground Hog Day

F April Fool’s Day

G St. Valentine’s Day

H St. Patrick’s Day

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

THE MAN WHO LOVED WOMEN

Grady was rich, but he was 78 and on his deathbed. No amount of money—or love—could save him now.

In his youth, Grady had been a major skirt-chaser. No woman was safe from his charm. He used to juggle three or four girlfriends at a time.

He’d often accidentally call them by the wrong names. The first time that happened to (17) ___________________, she would get upset. Instead of lying, Grady would admit that he had another girlfriend—or two. ’But’, he would quickly add, ’you are my number one. You’ll always be my number one’.

Somehow, this little white lie often worked. Sometimes his various girlfriends would even end up meeting each other and become fast friends.

Any attractive woman was (18) ___________________. He would walk right up to her and say, ’You’re very attractive. Are you single and unattached?’ If she said yes, he’d invite her out for (19) ___________________ right then and there. If she said yes, but she didn’t have time just then for coffee, he’d get her phone number and ask for a rain check. If she said no, he’d ask her if she had a twin sister who was single and unattached. This often made the woman smile or laugh. Sometimes she would change her no to a yes.

Grady was (20) ___________________ . He was just average-looking, but he carried himself with confidence and had (21) ___________________ and a pleasant laugh. He was well-read, he knew a thousand jokes, and he had no bad habits. Perhaps most important, he made a woman feel like a woman, according to many of his girlfriends.

Even in his old age, Grady hadn’t slowed down. Tending to his dying needs were Didi and Mimi, (22) ___________________ that Grady had finally ’settled down’ with.

 

A a target for Grady

В one hundred dollars

C a new girlfriend

D a pair of 40-year-old twins

E a wonderful dancer

F a cup of coffee

G an important information

H a ready smile

 

ENGLISH IN USE

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

HOW TELEVISION HAS CHANGED

You really have to get very old before you realize you’re old. I’m in my middle fifties and I don’t feel old yet. However, sometimes I look back at my childhood and (23) ___________________ things to the way life is for (24) ___________________ kids. Some things have certainly changed.

One area of change is television. Some changes have been improvements. Some changes, on the other hand, have been (25) ___________________.

When I started school, most people didn’t have a television; TV was just beginning to get (26) ___________________. My father decided to go all out and buy a 16 inch black and white Motorola set. I still remember watching the Lone Ranger save people from the (27) ___________________ guys on that awesome electronic machine. That was (28) ___________________!

Now, (29) ___________________ have larger pictures in full color. The pictures_______ are clearer and the sound is much more realistic. The new high definition sets are made to rival (30) ___________________ screens.

The variety and quantity of programming has (31) ___________________ greatly. There are hundreds of channels and more shows than one person could ever watch. There are many me entertainment and educational (32) ___________________. There’s also a lot of garbage, stuff that____________________ most parents don’t want their kids exposed to. Overall, we have more choices, and that is good.

I wonder what television will be like when today’s kids are my age.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

forget

remember

compare

miss

24

today’s

yesterday’s

tomorrow’s

poor

25

great

huge

setbacks

remarkable

26

gone

replaced

expensive

popular

27

old

good

bad

best

28

stimulation

exciting

allaying

provoking

29

films

movies

billboards

televisions

30

movie

video

watch

telephone

31

loss

increased

decreased

played

32

books

shows

authors

awards

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

UNDERGROUND MUSIC

Waiting for the Metro in Paris is a lot more pleasant nowadays, thanks to a project orchestrated by transit officials.

As Jim Bittermann reports, it brings a whole new concept to the term ’underground music’.

It may be rush hour in the Paris underground, but these days down here there are good reasons to slow down a little when commuting is more than just getting from A to B, when the transit can be too rapid.

Increasingly, the underground tunnels Parisians know as the Metro echo with music worth being late for. That wasn’t, and even today, isn’t always the case. There’s never a shortage of those risking starvation by attempting to sing for their supper, and there’s always someone to appreciate an artist staiggling.

In the past, without much success, authorities periodically (33) ___________________ tried to eject the would-be musicians who inflict themselves on the travelling public. But with their numbers continually growing, the situation seemed to be getting out of hand.

Transit officials came to the conclusion that if they (34) ___________________ not beat the musicians at their game, perhaps they (35) ___________________ perhaps join them, or at least organize it a little better. So just over a year ago, they set up auditions to select the 300-or-so performers who (36) ___________________ become the official underground musicians of Paris.

And it is now an ongoing process. Every six months, all the officially sanctioned musicians, minus those who (37) ___________________ found real work and plus those looking for a underground gig, (38) ___________________ appear at a Metro audition.

Antione Nazo, a one-time guitar plucker himself, video tapes them all for approval by a music committee. ’We (39) ___________________ not have the pretension that we (40) ___________________ selecting music virtuosos’, Nazo says. ’We just put ourselves in the shoes of the riders. We want good quality music, not too aggressive, and as diversified as possible’.

Diversification (41) ___________________ never been a problem in Paris. A city which, as a current exhibition on street musicians plainly illustrates, has more than two centuries of encouraging the artists who work its boulevard.

For those selected to be the Metro’s officially sanctioned performers, there’s a badge which ensures they (42) ___________________ work uninterrupted by transit authority police, and which often guarantees as well a good well travelled spot in a busy metro station, which some musicians, w'hen the mood of the travelling public is right, can mean as much as 600 euros a day in income.

Of course, that does not happen every day to everyone. But many down here are not looking for a fortune.

Paul Suzan said that ’the people who play here play because they first of all, they love the music. But it keeps you in shape and gives you some pocket money’.

After a year in operation, Metro authorities believe their official musicians have raised the quality of underground performances and the mood of the travelling public, and prove that there’s more than one way an underground can move people.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

must

have

had

have been

34

could

would

should

must

35

could

must

should

would

36

must

should

could

would

37

have

has

had

can

38

would

must

can

could

39

doing

does

do

did

40

is

are

am

to be

41

have

have had

had

has

42

can

could

would

must

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. You will move to a new city for study. You know some people who live there. Ask them for help finding accomodation; tell them where you would like to live; tell them the type of place you are looking for.

Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write any dates and addresses.

Start your letter with

Dear Friend, ...

 

ВАРІАНТ 2

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

( ) (1) Nicole Kidman spoke of the tension on her marriage to Keith Urban yesterday when he went into rehab months after the pair wed. The Oscar winner told of her upset in an interview with Russell Crowe for Oprah Winfrey Show.

( ) (2) Women will earn the same prize money as their male counterparts for the first time at this year’s Wimbledon tournament. In the past Wimbledon officials had argued that the difference in pay was justified by the fact that women play best-of-three set matches while men played best-of-five.

( ) (3) Britain’s first entirely green housing estate complete with wind turbines and rainwater harvesting facilities, is to be built in London’s Docklands. Residents in the zero-carbon development will be able to grow their own food in community greenhouse and power their TV sets with tree branches.

( ) (4) Many of England’s most popular universities may risk incurring government penalty this autumn by recruiting more students than they are allowed. Surry University which has seen a 40% increase in applications is considering ignoring a government cap on the number of students it takes in.

( ) (5) Not all the stars will be dripping with diamonds if campaigners have their way. This year Oscar’s ceremony was supposed to be conflict-free, at least in the jewels department. But the film Blood Diamond, which brought Leonardo Di Caprio a new nomination, gave the industry the perfect excuse to develop a conscience about the true origins of the jewels adorning its actresses. Campaigners protest against the fact that the diamonds are the result of hardworking slavery in the African countries just to shine at the neck, fingers or ears of fancy ladies. It remains to be seen what would happen in the end.

 

A Rehab hit Marriage

В Universities risk fines

C Sued in London

D Blood and bling at the Oscar’s

E Biggest shoppers

F Equal pay at Wimbledon

G Green estate

H Plane fme

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-Ю) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

NAMING COLUMBUS’ DISCOVERY

Christopher Columbus never knew why he failed to find Asia. The reason is easy to understand today. Columbus was thousands of miles from Asia. North and South America and the Pacific Ocean lay between him and Asia. He had reached the shores of two continents that Europeans knew nothing about.

One of the firts people to realize that Columbus had not reached Asia was Amerigo Vespucci. Vespucci was an Italian trader who lived in Spain. He had sold Columbus many of the things Columbus needed for his trips across the ocean.

Vespucci talked several Spanish sailors into taking him along on their westward voyages. On these trips, he became more certain that the land they saw was not part of Asia. Many of the plants and animals he saw were unknown in Asia, Europe and Africa. For that reason, he decided this must be a new continent.

Vespucci wrote much about the new continent. Then a German mapmaker made a new map of the world. In it he included the continent Vespicci had described. The mapmaker named it America in honour of Amerigo Vespucci.

As Europeans learned more about America, they found that it was not one continent but two. They named them North and South America.

Why did people keep coming to the two Americas long after everyone knew they were not part of Asia? Some, like Columbus, were looking for a water route through the Americas to Asia. Others were eager to see if the Americas had treasures too.

 

6 Christopher Columbus never knew ...

A why he find Asia.

В why he failed to find Asia.

C mathematics.

D Amerigo Vespucci.

7 Columbus was thousands of miles away from Asia ...

A because he wanted to find North and South America.

В so he failed to find any land.

C and he knew that.

D so he did not find the water route he was looking for.

8 Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian trader who ...

A asked Columbus to take him on his trips.

В realized Asia lay westward.

C sold things sailors needed for their trips across the ocean.

D knew all the animals and plants he saw in America.

9 Vespucci wrote a lot about the new continent ...

A but he was never able to visit it.

В and made a new map of the world.

C and finally called it America.

D and described what he had seen.

10 The new continent was named America because ...

A Vespucci knew that the land he saw was not a part of Asia.

В Vespucci was the first to realize that Columbus had not reached Asia.

C Europeans learned more about America.

D the new map of the world made by a German mapmaker included the new continent Vespucci had described.

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 Police investigating the murder of a businessman and the disappearance of his family are preparing to examine evidence taken from a remote field where his body was hidden.

A five-day excavation deep in the Devon countryside came to a halt while police continued to hunt two suspects, thought to have fled the country after killing haulage firm boss Amarjit Chohan.

12 A former Special Branch man is being questioned by detectives investigating the leaking of transcripts of telephone conversations between the Prime Minister’s chief of staff and Sinn Fein’s Martin McGuinness. Police files, a computer and disks were also seized when officers raided a house in Northern Ireland.

13 Detectives are stili trying to identify the body of a woman found on fire at a rural beauty spot.

A post mortem examination was being carried out in the hope of shedding light on the mystery A Sussex Police spokesman said it may take some time for a pathologist to say exactly how the woman died.

14 A four-year-old boy has died in a house fire, police have said.

The youngster’s parents were rescued from the blazing property in Frampton Close, Bransholme, Hull. Neighbours desperately tried to reach the boy but were beaten back by the intense fire and smoke, Humberside Police said.

15 Thousands of protesters took to the streets of Baghdad yesterday demanding US forces quit Iraq. Fearful of looting and enraged at a lack of basic services, the chanting mob carried banners reading ’Leave our country — we want peace’ and ’No Bush — No Saddam. Yes, Yes for Islam’. The huge demo came as it was announced that a Ј400million Iraqi rebuilding contract had been awarded to a multinational with close links to President Bush’s administration.

16 A security guard has died after a bomb in a bag belonging to a man preparing to board a flight to Cairo exploded in Jordan’s international airport.

Officials said the bag exploded at a luggage screening point in the international departures termina: of Queen Alia International Airport in the capital, Amman.

 

A Mob fury in Baghdad

В Police probe murder field evidence

C Ex-Special Branch man quizzed

D Worker killed in blast at Amman airport

E Boy dies in house blaze

F Police bid to identify burning body

G The Election to the Northern Ireland Assembly

H A valley in the Alps

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A MISSING CAT

The owner of a missing cat is asking for help. ’My baby has been missing for over a month now, and I want him back so badly’, said Mrs. Brown, a 56-year-old woman. Mrs. Brown lives by herself in a trailer park near Clovis. She said that Clyde, her 7-year-old cat, didn’t come home for dinner more than a month ago. The next morning he didn’t appear for breakfast either. After Clyde missed (17) _________________ , she called the police.

When the policeman asked her (18) _________________, she told him that Clyde had beautiful green eyes, had all his teeth but was missing half of his left ear, and was seven years old and completely white. She then told the officer that Clyde was about a foot high.

A bell went off. ’Is Clyde your child or your pet?’ the officer suspiciously asked. ’Well, he’s my cat, of course’, Mrs. Brown replied. ’Lady, you’re supposed to report missing PERSONS, not missing CATS’, said the irritated policeman. ’Well, who can I report this to?’ she asked. ’You can’t. You have to ask around your neighborhood or put up flyers’, replied the officer.

Mrs. Brown figured that a billboard would work a lot better than an ’8x1 Г piece of paper on a telephone pole. There was (19) _________________ at the end of her street just off the interstate highway. The billboard had a phone number on it. She called that number, and they told her they could blow up (20) _________________ (from Mrs. Brown’s family album) and put it on the billboard for all to see.

’But how can people see it when they whiz by on the interstate?’ she asked. ’Oh, don’t worry, ma’am, they only whiz by between 2 a.m. and 5:30 a.m. The rest of the day, the interstate is so full of commuters that no one moves’. They told her it would cost only $3,000 a month. So she took (21) _________________ out of her savings account and rented the billboard for a month.

The month has passed, but Clyde has not appeared. Because she has almost (22) _________________, Mrs. Brown called the local newspaper to see if anyone could help her rent the billboard for just one more month. She is waiting but, so far, no one has stepped forward.

 

A the body of a woman

В a picture of Clyde

C no money in savings

D an extra-special lunch

E most of the money

F to describe Clyde

G an unprecedented attack

H an empty billboard

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

WHO ELECTS THE PRESIDENT?

November 7, 2000 is a very special day in the United States. Voters all across the nation are (23) _________________ representatives in local and national races. Some people think that they’re voting for the president of our country too. They’re not! Again, they’re voting for (24) _________________ These representatives are called electors. They are part of a system called the Electoral College.

In most (25) _________________ the electors are chosen on a winner take all basis. That makes it possible for one candidate to win the most electors while getting less popular votes nationally than his (26) _________________.

The electors will (27) _________________ in their respective states and (28) _________________ their votes for president and vice-president on December 18, 2000. The Constitution does not (29) _________________ the electors to vote for the candidates that they are pledged to, but they almost always do. On January 6, 2001, just two weeks before the new president and vice-president take office, the votes will be counted in Congress.

If no one gets a (30) _________________ (more than half) of the electoral votes, at least 270 out of 538, the (31) _________________ will be chosen by Congress. The House of Representatives will choose (one vote per state) the president and the Senate will choose the vice-president. It’s not likely, but we could actually end up with a president from one party and a vice-president from another.

In an extremely close election, all kinds of strange outcomes are (32) _________________. Will the candidate that most voters prefer be the next president? And when will we even know?

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

phoning

asking

wishing

electing

24

president

someone

candidates

representatives

25

village

states

cities

countries

26

mother

election

memory

opponent

27

satisfy

fit

meet

avoid

28

cast

lay

throw

take

29

force

see

remind

popcorn

30

maturity

majority

minority

competence

31

voters

winners

people

guys

32

possible

impossible

good

bad

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

UNCLE FESTER

Last year, Jack Peterson found out that he had come into a small fortune after his uncle Fes­ter (33) _________________ on. His uncle had been a heavy smoker for many years and hadn’t been able to cut down on his smoking. Jack (34) _________________ well with his uncle Fester, and often (35) _________________ on him to see what he (36) _________________. One sum­mer, uncle Fester promised (37) _________________ on his cigarette smoking after having taken 3 months (38) _________________ an extremely bad cough. Jack had look after him those 3 months and, a number of times, he had told off uncle Fester. Then he (39) _________________ with a brilliant idea to make uncle Fester give up his nasty habit. He had the local cancer society telephone uncle Fester. When they called, he told them to (40) _________________ and then put uncle Fester through. They proceeded to make out that they were looking for a volunteer to take onto help (41) _________________ the patients. Well, that frightened uncle Fester and he immediately swore to give up smoking. In fact, uncle Fester (42) _________________ jogging in order to help him feel better. He even began to look down on other smokers (although he couldn’t quite give smoking up himself). One day, as he set off on his morn­ing run, he made out a stand in the distance. A new society had turned up that day looking forpeople willing to bring up young puppies. Uncle Fester immediately went for a cute Dalmatian, and ended up taking on this new responsibility. Now, three years later Jack had come into the “small fortune” which reminded him every day of his wonderful, if not wise, uncle Fester.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

pass of

had passed on

passing on

has passed on

34

got on

get on

had got on

have got on

35

drop in

had dropped in

dropped in

dropping in

36

to be up to

were up to

have been up to

was up to

37

tu cut on

to cut down

to have cut down

cutting down

38

having got over

have got over

to get over

got over

39

came up

come up

comming up

had come up

40

had help on

hold on

to hold on

held on

41

looking after

look after

looked after

have looked after

42

take up

taken up

took up

had taken up

 

WRITING


TASK

 

43. Write a letter to the radio station, applying for a job in the advertising department. List your qualifications for the job in the letter.

Use the plan for this letter.

 

Dear Sir/Madam

State your reason for writing.

If you are applying for a specific position identify the source of the information (a person, a newspaper...) Describe your educational background and professional experience.

Say you are enclosing your resume and/or supporting material.

Thank them for their consideration. Say you are looking forward to hear from them.

Yours faithfully, (signature)

 

Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write any dates and addresses.

 

ВАРІАНТ 3

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

( ) (1) As football’s First Family agonise over whether to pack their designer suitcases, Giles Tremlett reveals the quality of life they could be living in the Spanish capital.

There was an extra spring in the step of traders and bar owners in Madrid’s main shopping street, Calle Serrano. As the weekend throng headed for the heart of the city, businesses were preparing for another day of healthy takings — and things could be about to get even better: the Beckhams may soon be in town.

The swirl of rumour surrounding David Beckham’s possible transfer from Manchester United to Real Madrid has sent pulses racing here. The city is used to the sight of the world’s most glamorous footballers, but the potential arrival of Britain’s most famous showbusiness couple — la Spice pija (Posh Spice) and ‘el Beckham’ — has sent Madrilenos into a frenzy.

( ) (2) Prince Andrew has used the royal jet to fly to Scotland and back for a round of golf — landing the taxpayer with a Ј10,000 bill.

The Duke had the BAel46 jet, from 32 Squadron, wait 11 hours while he played in the golf match. He spent the afternoon on the links at the Royal and Ancient Golf Club at St Andrews, then had dinner in the clubhouse before being whisked back to the waiting jet for the return flight to London. Andrew joined R&A members on the first day of their Spring Meeting at the historic home of golf on Bank Holiday Monday. He carried out no other duties in Scotland that day — and didn’t even meet up with his nephew, Prince William, who is a student at St Andrews University.

( ) (3) Outrage greeted the Government last night after it insisted that burglars have the same legal rights as their innocent victims. The astonishing claim could lead to hundreds of greedy criminals suing for injuries received while committing offences.

MPs on all sides and campaigners for crime victims said it was madness to treat the guilty as if they were innocent, and united in declaring that crime must not pay.

The move came as a court heard that key documents that could have won Tony Martin early release were withheld from the Parole Board by Home Secretary David Blunkett.

( ) (4) The ten greatest movie goddesses of all time will be unveiled on Monday — with no Brit beauties on the list.

Chicago babe Catherine Zeta Jones, Titanic star Kate Winslet and screen legend Elizabeth Taylor all land on the cuttingroom floor. They lose out to EIGHT Americans and two Aussies.

Channel 4 viewers were invited to name their 100 film favourites — men or women. The 100 Greatest Movie Stars are revealed tomorrow night, then the top ten men and women the following evening. But The Sun already knows the hottest secret — the leading ten ladies.

( ) (5) Childminders are set to be banned from smacking children in their care — even if they have permission from parents. The new rules are soon to be officially unveiled by the Government.

The ban, which will cover England’s 70,000 registered childminders, will also see carers stopped from smoking in front of youngsters, the Department of Education and Skills said.

 

A Brits left reeling in TV poll

В To reign in Spain?

C Andrew’s Ј10,000 jet trip for game of golf

D MPs and campaigners slam move for burglars’ rights

E Childminders face ban on smacking

F Girl officer in ‘jail sex hell’

G Neighbours stunned as family flees

H Poll win foils coup bid

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

TROPICAL ‘BROWN WIDOW’ SPIDER, NEW TO LOS ANGELES CAPTURED IN TORRANCE; ON DISPLAY AT MUSEUM

DISCOVERY PART OF ONGOING L.A. SPIDER SURVEY BY THE NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF LOS ANGELES COUNTY

Los Angeles, Feb. 3, 2003 — A tropical ’Brown Widow’ spider, new to the Los Angeles area, has been captured as part of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County’s ongoing Spider Survey. The live, venomous spider, along with its egg sac containing up to 100 baby spiders, is currently on public display in the Museum’s Insect Zoo.

Brian Brown, associate curator of entomology, said this spider has not been found previously in the Los Angeles area. ’The Brown Widow probably originated in Africa, but has been introduced into the tropics almost worldwide’, he said. According to Brown, one of the many ways the spider could have made it to the Southland was through commercial imports of plants, flowers, food or furniture.

The Brown Widow is so rare to the Los Angeles area that this is the first one out of 3,000 spiders so far to be collected as part of the Museum’s Spider Survey. The survey began last Spring to discover which types of spiders are found in the greater Los Angeles basin. ’This is the most unusual specimen we’ve found through the survey so far’, Brown said.

It was a 4th-grade student from Van Deene Elementary School in Torrance, while on a Honda Earth Odyssey Program field trip run by the Museum, who discovered the spider.

The program is designed to introduce elementary school children to biodiversity and build environmental awareness, The children had been briefed about spiders before the field trip onto the school grounds. The student recognized the spider as being of particular interest and pointed it out to Beth Nordeen, a Museum outreach educator.

’The spider was inside a rolled-up leaf of a Bird of Paradise plant on the school grounds’, Nordeen said. ’It was in a tangled web along with an egg sac’. Using a stick, she tugged on the web, until she was able to place the spider and its egg sac into a plastic bottle with a cap. Nordeen added that you never want to handle any spider with your bare hands.

The scientific name for the Brown Widow is Lactrodectus geometricus. There are about 30 described widow species including Black Widows, Red Widows, and the Brown Widows — the Black Widow being the most common of the widow family in the Los Angeles area. A Brown Widow spider can grow to one-and- a-half inches long. It has an orange-to-yellow hourglass design on its underside, as opposed to the familiar red hourglass design on the Black Widow.

’The good news is that Brown Widows are not as aggressive as the Black Widows. The bad news is that they are twice as poisonous’, Brown said. ’Brown W'idows will not attack if they are not bothered or made to feel threatened’. He added that a Brown Widow will more than likely ’play possum’ if confronted by a potential enemy.

Most spiders in Southern California are unable to puncture human skin and if they do, their venom would not be harmful to humans. There are three known species in Los Angeles that pose a threat to humans — the Black Widow, Violin spider, and now the Brown Widow. The Violin spider, often misidentified as the Brown Recluse, is a fast little spider measuring only a half-inch as an adult. In Southern California, it has only been found in only a few areas of Los Angeles County and the Inland Empire. If bitten by any one of these spiders, seek medical assistance.

 

6 What new spider was found in the Los Angeles area?

A Black Widow

В Brown Widow

C Violin Spider

D Brown Recluse Spider

7 What is Lactrodectus geometricus?

A The name of the museum.

В The type of poison the spider makes.

C The scientific name of the Brown Widow spider.

D A type of plant.

Where did the Brown Widow spider probably come from?

A Africa

В Los Angeles

C Torrance

D Southland

9 How did the spider probably get to Los Angeles?

A A bird brought it across the ocean.

В Through the importing of flowers, plants or food from other countries.

C Brian Brown bought it for the museum.

D A school child found it in the school yard inside of a bird of paradise flower.

10 How many spiders has the museum collected in the spider survey?

A About 3,000

В Over 100

C Around 30

D Only 3

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 Paints and chemicals group ICI is to cut more than 700 jobs worldwide during the first phase of a restructuring announced today.

The job cuts, which will take place over the next two years, include about 300 posts in the UK, although ICI has not specified where these will be.

The moves come as ICI attempts to revive its fortunes after a shock profits warning in February sent its share price tumbling.

12 The Prince of Wales, who is to meet leading scientists lo discuss concerns about nanotechnology, was warned today against giving credence to ’scare stories’.

The new technology has already created tiny machines such as transistors the size of a single molecule. But there is a growing debate on how it will be used, with optimists pointing to the prospect of pollution-free energy production and pessimists worried about nano-terrorism.

13 Sir Richard Branson is to make a direct appeal to Prime Minister Tony Blair to save the future of Concorde.

British Airways is axing the flagship from October, but Virgin Atlantic chief Sir Richard wants to take over the aircraft and run it with first and second class seats.

But, fearing that the Concordes may be broken up and sold off to collectors, Sir Richard said he would approach Downing Street.

14 Moaning Danniella Westbrook this morning walked out of TV gameshow I’m A Celebrity Get Me Out Of Here — just hours after viewers voted for her to stay.

The ex-EastEnders star was devatstated after weathergirl Sian Lloyd got the boot last night, instead of her, and decided she’d had enough.

15 Unexpectedly good results in the local elections have given Tory leader Iain Duncan Smith a second chance to prove himself, one of the top members of his team says.

Shadow trade secretary Tim Yeo conceded that the party still had ’a mountain to climb’ before it would be considered a serious alternative to the Labour Government.

But he said the winning of 500 seats should halt whispers of a leadership challenge and allow the party instead to present its ideas to the country.

16 British Airways yesterday admitted it was having to cut ticket prices heavily to fill its planes as it revealed a sharp fall in front-of-cabin traffic last month, hit by particularly tough trading conditions. The airline said: “Revenue and forward bookings continue to be impacted by global economic weakness, Sars and the situation in Iraq. Forward visibility on revenue and traffic remains limited.”

 

A ICI plans to axe 700 jobs

В BA slashes seat prices as first-class cabin empties

C Election a much needed boost for IDS

D Danni quits celeb show

Е  Minister denies clash over murder terms

F Branson in Concorde plea to Blair

G MOB Fury in Baghdad

H Prince sparks row over nanotechnology

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

TAKE ME OUT TO THE BALL GAME

Ralph and Ilene hadn’t been to a baseball game in about five years. They were only 15 miles from the stadium, but the heavy traffic on game day made those 15 miles seem more like 60 miles. It took about (17) _________________ to get to the stadium. Then, when the game was over, it took half an hour just to get out of the parking lot. Then the drive home was another hour. In other words, the traveling took longer than the game itself.

’Honey, the Giants are in town’, Ilene said. ’I want to see Barry Bonds hit a home run. Can we go to the game? We haven’t gone in such a long time’.

’You’re right. It has been a while. OK, I’ll go if you don’t mind driving’, said Ralph.

’Great! Let’s get ready. If we get there early enough, I might get his autograph. Maybe he’ll hit a foul ball we can catch’. Ilene was excited. ’We!?’ Ralph thought.

An hour later they were in their car. They lived in Pasadena (18) _________________. They went south on Orange Grove and then south on the 110 freeway. The 110 is California’s original freeway. (19) _________________. Accidents occur daily; California drivers think yellow lights and sharp curves mean the same thing—speed up!

The traffic was lighter than they expected. They arrived at the stadium 40 minutes before game time. They paid the $8 parking fee, parked and locked the car, and walked (20) _________________.

Several individuals were standing around outside the stadium, looking casual but actually selling tickets on the sly. ’Are you going to buy from a scalper?’ asked Ilene.

’Yes. Just like last time. That one looks honest’, Ralph replied.

They walked over to (21) _________________. Ralph’s instincts were correct. The man had tickets for good seats at a fair price. Ralph gave the man $45 and thanked him.

’Don’t thank me, my friend. Thank your local police department. Put your hands behind your back, please. You’re (22) _________________’.

’What?’ Ralph was astonished. ’What’s going on?’

’Buying scalped tickets is illegal in Los Angeles’, said the undercover police officer. ’It’s been illegal for 25 years. Don’t worry. The police station is right outside the park. We’ll have you back here right after we book you. You can pay the $150 fine with your credit card’. The officer handcuffed Ralph.

’This has got to be a joke. You people have never enforced this law before’, said Ralph.

 

A an hour

В the Los Angeles area

C a man in a red cap

D near an old church

E to the main entrance

F a baseball game

G full of twists and turns

H under arrest

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

USA

The United States became the world’s first modem (23) _________________ after its (24) _________________ with Great Britain (1776) and the adoption of a constitution (1789). (25) _________________ the 19th century, many new states were (26) _________________ to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American (27)________________________ and acquired a number of (28) _________________ possessions. The two major (29) _________________ experiences in the nation’s history were the Civil War (1861-1865) and the Great (30) of the 1930s. Buoyed by (31) _________________ in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world’s most powerful nation-state. The economy is marked by (32) _________________ growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

theocracy

oligarchy

democracy

democrat

24

cut

divorce

break

breaking

25

Through

During

On

While

26

selected

added

included

bought

27

country

continent

county

shelf

28

added

domestic

overseas

abroad

29

influencing

traumatic

overwhelmed

impressive

30

Boom

Depression

Recession

Drought

31

set backs

losses

victories

winning

32

vast

steady

longly

short

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A VACATION IN GREECE

Dear Jason,

Thank you so much for your recent letter. I really enjoyed reading about your holiday in Spain. It sounds like you (33) _________________ a wonderful vacation. Let me tell you about our summer holiday in Greece!

The flight to Greece (34) _________________ smoothly. However, we had some problems with the ferry in Athens! We (35) _________________ a ferry crossing two weeks before we (36) _________________ and arrived at the port with our tickets in hand. Unfortunately, the ferry (37) _________________ nowhere in sight! We rushed about the port (38) _________________ to find the ferry, but no one (39) _________________ of the ferry lines! Finally, after we (40) _________________ for about four hours, a man (41) _________________ us that the ferry line had changed owners and had a new name and kindly (42) _________________ us to the correct ferry. Well, we were pretty lucky as the ferry was preparing to depart that very moment! We hopped on board and drank a beer to calm our nerves.

Sorry, I write you later.

Best wishes, Ken.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

have

had

has

have had

34

went

go

gone

had gone

35

have been booked

have booked

had booked

booked

36

leave

had left

has left

left

37

be

was

were

have been

38

try

have trying

trying

tried

39

had ever heard

ever hear

ever heard

have ever heard

40

wait

had been waiting

waited

waiting

41

telling

have told

tell

told

42

directed

direct

had directed

have been directed

 

WRITING

 

TASK 1

 

43. You had a good meal in a local restaurant with your family. Write a letter to the newspaper to tell them about it, describe the meal you had, and why you think the restaurant is worth visiting. You should write at least 100 words. Do not write any dates and addresses. Start your letter with

Dear Sir,


ВАРІАНТ 4

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentence; you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

( ) (1) Money often causes problems in a marriage, sometimes leading couples directly to divorce court. To control money problems in a marriage, set goals to clarify what you really want. Another technique is to find out where you are really spending your money. Add up those ’little’ expenses such as a morning cup of latte at $3.00 a cup or an apple-blueberry muffin for $1.00. At the end of the year, you’ve spent $1,460. In addition, set a ’talk to me’ limit, deciding which purchases require a household discussion. For example, many couples might decide that any purchase over $200 requires a joint discussion before purchase.

( ) (2) When aging parents need help, it puts a tremendous weight on their adult children. The situtation is particularly difficult if the parent does not live nearby. To handle such difficult situations, some health experts advise adult children to investigate community resources such as Meals on Wheels Another suggestion is to rotate care among other family members. Sometimes the problem can be alleviated by having the parent move closer. Is is also essential to assess the parent’s actual needs.

( ) (3) The cold and flu season typically occurs during the fall and winter. According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, one billion colds occur in the United States each year with children suffering the majority of these. To ward off colds, wash your hands frequently Another technique is to avoid touching one’s eyes and nose. Cleaning household surfaces with disinfectants can also help reduce the spread of infection. Howver, avoiding people with colds іs equally important.

( ) (4) Because of the danger of hypothermia, one should dress in layers if exercising during cold winter weather. Another precaution to take for exercising in the winter months is to drink plenty of liquids and to watch for frostbite. Stretching before and after exercising is also vital in winter because one’s muscles will be cold.

( ) (5) When you reach a stop sign and no one is coming from the other direction, do you roll on through instead of stopping? A large majority of bad drivers say that they believe it is okay to go through stop signs as long as no one gets hurt. Do you talk on the cell phone while driving instead of pulling over to stop and talk? Seventy-seven percent of bad drivers frequently don’t pull over. Do you hate driving behind large vehicles that obstruct your view? More than 60% of bad drivers report that they are frustrated when driving behind SUVs. Do you find yourself in confrontations on the road because of your own driving habits or the driving habits of others? At least half of all bad drivers do. (adapted from Insure.com 2004).

 

A There are several ways to tell if you have the habits of bad drivers.

В  Some serious medical conditions often go unnoticed.

C There are several ways to manage marital money problems.

D Winter weather is no excuse for lack of exercise.

E Adult children can use several strategies to assist their aging parents.

F Millions of people suffer from colds in the U.S. each year.

G There are several effective prevention techniques individuals can use to avoid the flu or a cold.

H There are a few rules to follow for exercising in cold weather.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

ELEPHANT

The elephant is the largest animal to walk on Earth. An elephant can carry a load of 1200 pounds. They eat 300 pounds of food a day. An elephant baby can weigh 200 pounds at birth. Elephants can live up to 70 years. Elephants can be trained to carry logs with their trunks, and have been used in the forestry industry in Asia for many years. Elephants also use their trunks for drinking water, bathing, and eating and communicating. Recently it was discovered that elephants can communicate over a distance of several miles using infrasonic sounds inaudible to humans. Elephants use their ears as a cooling system. Blood flows through veins in the ears and as the elephant flap his ears, the blood cools and flows through his body to cool off other parts. Elephant feet are large and round. They distribute the large animal’s weight effectively. In the past, elephants were killed and their feet were made into umbrella stands and small tables for tourists. Now elephants are protected by special laws. There are two kinds of elephants: the African elephant and the Indian elephant. African elephants can be identified by the larger ears. The African elephant grows up to 10 feet tall and weighs as much as 12,000 pounds. The Indian elephant grows up to 9 feet tall, and weighs up to 8000 pounds. It’s easier to identify because of its smaller ears. Most circus elephants are Indian elephants. Another name for the Indian elephant is the Asian elephant. Unfortunately, there is a growing conflict between elephants and humans as more of the elephants’ habitat is developed. Elephants can destroy the crops of an entire village in a single night, and this also causes conflict. At the moment, there are about 600,000 elephants remaining in Africa. The greatest threat to elephants is the ivory trade. Most commercial ivory comes from elephant’s tusks. From 1979 to 1989 was a bad time for African elephants. About 70,000 wild elephants were killed for ivory each year. In 1989 an international treaty limited the trade in ivory, decreasing the number of elephants killed, but elephants are still being killed for ivory. Please don’t ever buy anything made from ivory! Don’t even buy anything that looks like ivory!

 

6 How much does a baby elephant weigh at birth?

A 70 pounds

В 200 pounds

C 300 pounds

D 200 pounds

7 Hunters made umbrella holders out of:

A Elephants’ trunks.

В Elephants’ tails.

C Elephants’ feet.

D Elephants’ teeth.

8 An Indian Elephant has ... than the African Elephant.

A a longer tail

В a stronger trunk

C smaller ears

D bigger teeth

9 What part of an elephant’s body is used to cool the elephant?

A The tail.

В The trunk.

C The feet.

D The ears.

10 What animal is the most dangerous to an elephant?

A Human beings.

В Snakes.

C Lions.

D Zebras.

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 A US man held on to the back of his sports car and rang police on his mobile phone as a thief drove off at speeds of up to 130mph.

Tony Young said he was determined to hang on to his car because it had been stolen before, but admitted he thought he was a ‘goner’.

Mr Young, 35, of Swartz Creek, told reporters: ’I didn’t want to lose it again. That car’s my pride and joy’.

The car was stolen from his home, but Mr Young asked a friend to give him a lift so he could look for it, and they saw the car at a stop sign.

He challenged the driver but the car drove off. Mr Young jumped on the back of the car and held on to the spoiler.

As the car went faster and faster, Young hung on and gave police a running commentary on his phone. He says he thought he was going to die when the car turned on to a motorway.

The chase finally ended when the thief stopped the car and ran away on foot. He was caught by police about 10 minutes later.

12 Britain’s newspapers have played their annual April Fool’s jokes on their readers with a series of hoax stories.

’The Sun’ reckons gipsies have established a camp on the Queen’s grass at Windsor Castle using a 650-year-old law. The paper reckons the gipsies claim to be descended from the original builders of the castle who got permission to put their tents there from King Edward III.

’The Mirror’ reckons sheep with St George’s Cross markings on their coats are being used to cut the grass at the new Wembley football stadium. It says the natural fertiliser of their droppings has reduced the need for chemicals, meaning less allergic reaction on players. The paper claims a Wembley spokesman said: ’It’s based on methods going back centuries’.

Meanwhile ’The Daily Mail’ has what it claims to be a ‘Royal picture exclusive’ of Prince Charles and Prince Harry shopping for sexy underwear. The pictures show Royal look-alikes examining bras and knickers at what is described as an exclusive lingerie shop near Windsor Castle.

13 A German scientist is being studied by colleagues after claiming that he has eaten nothing for four years. Cancer researcher Dr Michael Werner says he gets all his energy from sunlight. He says he drinks only water mixed with a small amount of fruit juice.

Dr Werner has written a book about his experiences, saying that when he started the experiment he even put on weight. In his book he says: ’I can’t really explain what is happening on a scientific level in my case, but perhaps just a little bit of faith is all that is needed’.

German colleagues who are investigating the source of Dr Werner’s energy say only plants can synthesise energy from the sun, and they cannot explain how he is able to stay healthy.

Dr Helmut Oberritter, head of the German society for nutrition, said: ’It is not possible to live on what one gets from fruit juice. There are lots of vital proteins and fats that are missing. Obviously this case needs a lot more investigating before we will be able to explain it’.

14 An Italian woman who was previously confined to a wheelchair has gone trekking in Nepal after diagnosing her illness on the Internet.

Stefania Yanoni’s illness had puzzled her doctors in Baceno in northern Italy for more than two decades.

Endless tests failed to find out why she was unable to walk, reported Italian media. But after identifying the symptoms that had left her crippled as the condition known as ataxia, she is now walking again and has to take one small tablet a day.

After reading how an inability to coordinate muscular movements was a symptom of certain nervous disorders, she asked doctors to perform a DNA test which confirmed that she had ataxia.

After six months of physiotherapy and treatments, she was able to walk again for the first time in 23 years, and lead ’a normal life’.

Vanoni now wants to make up for lost time, and following her trekking holiday in Nepal she is planning another trekking trip to Peru.

15  A 9-year-old Bulgarian orphan who was adopted by a wealthy Western family has given Ј6,000 worth of presents to his former playmates.

The youngster, named Axel, saved his Christmas and birthday money for five years to save up the cash to buy toys and clothes.

Axel was adopted five years ago by the family of a rich banker in Luxembourg from an orphanage in the small town of Dobrich.

Dr Eugenia Georgieva, director of the orphanage, said that Axel regularly wrote her emails and told her about saving his Christmas and birthday money to help his old friends.

She said, ’I imagined he was talking about pocket money amounts’.

She added that Axel’s dream was to return to Bulgaria as a grown-up and set up his own bank there.

16 A pet dog caused Ј30,000 of damage when it turned on its owner’s cooker and burnt down the kitchen.

Skylar, a three-year-old ’goldendoodle’, apparently started a kitchen fire when she tried to jump on the stove to get left-over pizza.

It happened after her owner, Fred Haines, left his home in Naperville, Illinois, to go to work, reports the Chicago Sun-Times.

The fire spread to a nearby plastic cutting board, and then to the cabinets above the stove, Naperville fire officials said.

Firefighters broke down a door after neighbours phoned them and rescued the unconscious Skylar.

 

A Designer dog burns down kitchen

В  Wallace and Grombit posters banned

C Britain’s press play the fool

D Adopted orphan remembers his friends

E Man hung on to stolen car at 130kph

F Hair by axe, sword and vacuum cleaner

G Wheelchair-bound woman diagnosed her illness online

H Scientist ‘lives on sunlight’

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

PIZZA AND COMPREHENSION

’Perry’s Pepper Pizza Parlor!’ Perry said. ’May I help you?’

’Yes, I’d like to order (17) ___________________ with hot peppers and green peppers’, said the lady on the other end of the phone.

’Is that all, ma’am?’ asked Perry.

’Yes, but please put the hot peppers on half the pizza and the green peppers (18) ___________________’.

’Also, I’d like the pepperoni on the hot pepper part but not on the green pepper part’.

’But didn’t you say you wanted the green peppers on both parts?’

’That’s right’, the lady replied.

’That’s not possible!’ Perry pronounced.

’Why can’t I have green peppers on the whole pizza?’

’I mean the pepperoni part’.

’I don’t see why pepperoni placement is so difficult’, the lady said. ’But if that’s too much trouble, just put the pepperoni on the whole pizza!’ she added impatiently.

Perry sighed. ’That will be twelve dollars and fourteen cents’.

’Can you (19) ___________________?’

’Sure can. What’s your address?’

’There’s no number, but I live on Forestview Road’.

’Can you help me a little more than that?’ Perry asked, trying to be (20) ___________________.

Т live in a white trailer with a pickup truck in the driveway’, responded the lady.

Perry wanted to scream, ’So does everyone else in this county!’ but he restrained himself. ’Can you give me a little more help than that?’ he asked calmly.

Yes, there is no blue picket fence in front of our home’, said the lady.

’Are there blue picket fences in front of all the other homes on your road?’

’No, silly, but we used to have one (21) ___________________. Just look for the home that doesn’t have one there anymore’.

Perry began to dream about early retirement. ’I’m kind of confused’, he said in a shaky voice.

’No offense, sir’, the lady said, ’but you do have (22) ___________________’.

 

A on both halves

В a listening comprehension problem

C a large pepper pepperoni pizza

D as pleasant as possible

E a growing debate

F a few years ago

G a distance of several miles

H deliver my pizza

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Adapted from The Lady or the Tiger by Frank Stockton When all the people had assembled, the king, surrounded by his court, gave a signal. Then a door beneath him opened, and the accused man (23) ___________________ out into the arena. Directly opposite him were two doors, exactly (24) ___________________ and side by side. It was the duty and the privilege of the person on trial to walk directly to these (25) ___________________ and open one of them. He (26) ___________________ open either door he pleased; he was subject to no guidance or influence but that of impartial and incorruptible chance. If he opened the one, there (27) ___________________ of it a hungry tiger, the fiercest and most cruel that could be found, which (28) ___________________ sprang upon him and tore him to pieces as a punishment for his guilt. But, if the accused person opened the other door, out of it came a (29) ___________________ lady, and to this lady he was immediately married, as a reward of his innocence. This was the (30) ___________________ method of administering justice. Its perfect fairness is obvious. The criminal could (31) ___________________ know out of which door would come the lady; he opened either he pleased, without having the slightest (32) ___________________ whether, in the next instant, he was to be devoured or married. So the accused person was instantly punished if guilty, and, if innocent, he was rewarded on the spot.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

step

stepping

stepped

steps

24

alike

different

big

closed

25

door

doors

people

signals

26

shold

would

must

could

27

come in

came out

come from

came into

28

immidiately

usually

sometimes

frequently

29

suddenly

angry

beautiful

old

30

criminal’s

king’s

lady’s

tiger’s

31

even

also

especially

not

32

interest

belief

idea

reason

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A LITTLE ADVICE

Allow me give you a little advice about (33) ___________________ fiction. First, make your characters believable. Make sure that they behave and talk as individuals. In real life, everyone (34) ___________________ unique. If all your characters (35) ___________________ the same way and (36) ___________________ to things in the same way, you will lose your readers from the start. Once your readers (37) ___________________ in your characters, you must get them to care. Each reader (38) ___________________ identify with at least one character, to almost become that character in his or her mind. You can do this by (39) ___________________ characters with genuine human traits, both good and bad. The individuals who populate your story (40) ___________________ human strengths and weaknesses. Now it’s time to weave your tale, to create a plot. Your readers (41) ___________________ the story now; they (42) ___________________.

One last thing. Your story must touch the readers’ emotions. If you can make them laugh and cry along with your characters, you will be a successful writer.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

was writed

writing

to write

writed

34

to be

was

is

were

35

speak

speaks

spoke

spoken

36

will react

reacted

to be react

react

37

believe

believed

have believed

had believed

38

are able to

was able to

must be able to

will able to

39

developing

develope

developed

will develope

40

should have

will have

have

had

41

was part of

are part of

were part of

is part of

42

were involved

involve

are involved

to be involved

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write a newspaper advertisement about art exhibition in the gallery.

Mention:

— the date;

— the time and the place of the event;

— the theme of the exhibition;

— people invited;

— activities planned.

You should write at least 100 words.

 

ВАРІАНТ 5

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

WHEN A COMPUTER ERROR IS A FATAL MISTAKE

Our lives depend on computers. They control our money, transport, our exam results. Yet their programs are now so complex that no one can get rid of all the mistakes.

Life without computers has become unimaginable. They are designed to look after so many boring but essential tasks — from microwave cooking to flying across the Atlantic — that we have become dependent on them.

( ) (1) But as the demands placed on computers grow, so have the number of incidents involving computer errors. Now computer experts are warning that the traditional ways of building computer systems are just not good enough to deal with complex tasks like flying planes or maintaining nuclear power stations. It is only a matter of time before a computer-made catastrophe occurs.

( ) (2) As early as 1889, a word entered the language that was to become all too familiar to computer scientists: a ‘bug’, meaning a mistake. For decades bugs and ‘de-bugging’ were taken to be pan of every computer engineer’s job. Everyone accepted that there would always be some mistakes in any new system. But ‘safety critical’ systems that fly planes, drive trains or control nuclear power stations can have bugs that could kill. This is obviously unacceptable.

( ) (3) One way to stop bugs in computer systems is to get different teams of programmers to work in isolation from each other. That way, runs the theory, they won’t all make the same type of mistake when designing and writing computer codes. In fact research shows that programmers think alike, have the same type of training — and make similar mistakes. So even if they work separately, mis­takes can still occur. Another technique is to produce back up systems that start to operate when the first system fails. This has been used on everything from the space shuttle to the A320 airbus, but unfortunately problems that cause one computer to fail can make all the others fail, too.

( ) (4) A growing number of computer safety experts believe the time has come to stop trying to ‘patch up’ computer systems. They say programmers have to learn to think clearly and to be able to demonstrate through mathematical symbols that the program cannot go seriously wrong. Until programmers learn to do this, we will probably just have to live with the results of computer bugs.

( ) (5) Of course, more often than not the errors are just annoying, but sometimes they can come close to causing tragedies. On the Picadilly line in London’s Underground a driver who was going south along a track got confused while moving his empty train through a cross-over point. He started to head north straight at a south-bound train full of people. The computerised signalling system failed to warn him of impeding disaster and it was only his quick human reactions that prevented a crash.

 

A Experts say ’Bring back math!’

В  Old methods are no longer satisfactory

C We couldn’t live without computer

D Hotels are carefully classified

E An old problem with serious consequences

F A potentially tragic error

G Self-catering accommodation comes

H Two new approaches, but they solve the problem?

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

WHEN YOU HAVE A SORE THROAT

What causes a sore throat?

Many things can cause a sore throat. These causes include infections with viruses or bacteria, or sinus drainage and allergies, among others. You should see your doctor right away if you have a sore throat with a high fever, if you have problems breathing or swallowing, or if you feel very faint. If you have a sore throat and a fever, but you just feel mildly ill, you should visit your doctor within the next day or two. If you have a cold with sinus drainage, you may use over-the-counter medicines, like Sudafed or Actifed. Visit your doctor if this cold lasts for more than two weeks, or if it gets worse.

How does the doctor decide if I need antibiotics?

The decision to prescribe antibiotics might be based only on your history and physical exam. Antibiotics usually are prescribed only for patients who might have ’strep throat’, an infection caused by a bacteria called Streptococcus. A patient with strep throat might have a sore throat with fever that starts suddenly, without a cough or cold symptoms. Strep throat is very common in children from 5 to 12 years of age. The exam might show a red throat, with pus on the tonsils and swollen neck glands. If you have these signs, the doctor may do other tests to see if you need an antibiotic.

Why not just give everyone antibiotics?

Antibiotics have a small risk of causing an allergic reaction every time they are given. Some of these reactions are serious. Antibiotics can also cause other side effects, such as an upset stomach or diarrhea. An even more serious problem is that bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics if these medicines are used frequently in a lot of people. Then antibiotics wouldn’t be able to cure people’s illnesses. To prevent this from happening, doctors try to prescribe antibiotics only when they will help. Antibiotics only help when sore throat is caused by bacteria. Antibiotics don’t help when sore throat is due to viruses, which are the cause of the common cold.

If my doctor doesn’t give me antibiotics, what can I do to feel better?

It will take several days for you to feel better, no matter what kind of sore throat you have. You can do several things to help your symptoms. If you have a fever or muscle aches, you can take a pain reliever like acetaminophin (Tylenol), aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil). Your doctor can tell you which pain reliever will work best for you. Cough drops or throat sprays may help your sore throat. Sometimes gargling with warm salt water helps. Soft cold foods, such as ice cream and popsicles, often are easier to eat. Be sure to rest and to drink lots of water or other clear liquids, such as Sprite or 7-Up. Don’t drink drinks that have caffeine in them (coffee, tea, colas or other sodas).

Should I be concerned about any other symptoms that occur after I visit my doctor?

Sometimes symptoms change during the course of an illness. Visit your doctor again if you have any of the following problems:

Fever that does not go away in five days

Throat pain that gets so bad you can’t swallow

Inability to open your mouth wide

A fainting feeling when you stand up

Any other signs or symptoms that concern you

This information provides a general overview on sore throat and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.

 

6 If you have a high fever with a sore throat, you should see your doctor ...

A within a few days.

В immediately.

C only if you have trouble swallowing.

D after you are feeling better.

7 Strep throat ...

A is a bacterial infection.

В is a virus infection.

C always comes with a cough and cold.

D is rarely treated with antibiotics.

Which is not a common side effect of taking antibiotics?

A Upset stomach

В Diarrhea

C Sleepiness

D Allergic reaction

9 Which does this article not recommend to make a sore throat feel better?

A Cough drops

В Drinking plenty of water

C Drinking coffee and tea

D Gargling with salt water

10 Antibiotics will help ...

A sore throats caused by viruses.

В sore throats caused by bacteria.

C sore throats caused by allergies.

D all sore throats.

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 Never more in need of leadership, the Football Association is finally close to appointing a successor to Adam Crozier.

12 The largest teaching union has pledged to boycott ’disgusting’ national tests for seven, 11 and 14-year-olds.

National Union of Teachers delegates voted unanimously in favour of the attack on a key Government education policy at the union’s annual conference in Harrogate.

13 Conservatives made strong gains in local elections across England yesterday, bolstering the party’s battered morale and shoring up Iain Duncan Smith’s position as leader.

14 British Airways yesterday admitted it was having to cut ticket prices heavily to fill its planes as it revealed a sharp fall in front-of-cabin traffic last month, hit by particularly tough trading conditions.

15 Hungry Eleri Nicholas was about to tuck into a bowl of Tesco salad — when a locust crawled out.

Housewife Eleri, 26, screamed as the four-inch insect crept out of the salad leaves and looked up at her.

Horrified Eleri said: ’It was grey and horrible — like something from a horror movie’. Consumer watchdogs were yesterday investigating the creepy-crawly which popped out from a ready-to-serve bag of Italian salad.

Eleri had eaten half of the salad the previous night — and was about to finish it off when the plant- eating insect suddenly appeared.

16 FEARS FOR the future of MyTravel heightened yesterday after it emerged that Alistair Darling, the Transport Secretary, has held a series of meetings with the Civil Aviation Authority about the troubled tour operator. The Department for ………………….

 

A Minister holds talks with CAA about troubles at MyTravel

В NUT pledges to boycott national tests

C SBS team’s tank ordeal

D FA sends for the man from Mars

E BA slashes seat prices as first-class cabin empties

F How Brits get their kinky kicks

G IDS reprieved at polls

H 4in locust in Tesco salad

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

CATCHING A COLD

Many people catch a cold in the springtime and/or fall. It makes us wonder... if scientists can send a man to the moon, why can’t they find a cure for the common cold. The answer is easy. There are literally hundreds of kinds cold viruses out there. You never know which one you will get, so there isn’t (17) ________________.

When (18) ____________________ , your body works hard to get rid of it. Blood rushes to your nose and brings congestion with it. You feel terrible because (19) ____________________, but your body is actually «eating» the virus. Your temperature rises and you get a fever, but the heat of your body is killing the virus. You also have a runny nose to stop the virus from getting to your cells. You may feel miserable, but actually your wonderful body is doing everything it can (20) ____________________.

Different people have different remedies for colds. In the United States and some other countries, (21) ____________________, people might eat chicken soup to feel better. Some people take hot baths and drink warm liquids. Other people take medicines to stop the fever, congestion, and runny nose.

There is one interesting thing to note- some scientists say taking medicines when you have a cold is actually bad for you. The virus stays in you longer because your body doesn’t have a way to fight it and kill it. Bodies can do (22) ____________________. There is a joke, however, on taking medicine when you have a cold. It goes like this:

If takes about 1 week to get over a cold if you don’t take medicine, but only 7 days to get over a cold if you take medicine.

 

A to kill the cold

В a virus attacks your body

C a cure for each one

D the old lady

E you can’t breathe well

F a large kitchen with cookies

G for example

H an amazing job on their own


TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

THE IDEA

Andy Wasnick loved the idea. Mary Arthur hated it. Kurt Mendez didn’t think it was any big deal. Mr. El thought it (23) ____________________ a brilliant idea. After all, it was (24) ____________________ idea.

’It’s only fair’, Mr. El explained to his new fourth graders as they stood (25) ____________________ waiting for the lunch bell to ring, ’that we turn things around. Every year you guys line up in alphabetical (26) ____________________. Alphabetical order to go to lunch, to go to gym, to go home, and so on. This (27) ____________________ we’re using reverse alphabetical order’.

Mindy Vale put her hand down as Mr. El pointed to her. ’I’ve always had to stand at the back of the line, ever since (28) ____________________! Now I’m near the front. Thank you, thank you!’

The teacher smiled. Then he called on Christopher Cash, a serious and (29) ____________________ young man. ’Mr. El, I think you should reconsider this policy. This is very drastic and (30) ____________________. This could confuse our fragile young minds!’

’Put a lid on it, Chris!’ shouted David Tyler.

’We won’t have any outbursts like that, David!’ Mr. El said firmly. He turned toward Christopher. ’Don’t (31) ____________________ , Christopher. We only have strong minds in this class’.

’How many of you think this is a good idea?’ Mr. El asked. As you would probably expect, most of the hands that went up were in the (32) ____________________ half of the line.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

is

was

were

to be

24

that

no

her

his

25

in line

in the village

near the window

in the bath

26

letters

soup

order

index

27

way

year

alphabet

is

28

breakfast

kindergarten

yesterday

tomorrow

29

rash

thoughtful

meditative

thoughtless

30

useful

thoughtful

unnecessary

smart

31

move

worry

scream

speak

32

dumb

bright

angry

front

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D), Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

STEVEN SPIELBERG

The stars are usually actors and actresses. Most people do not even look at the name of the director or producer, except one — Steven Spielberg. When he was a little boy, his father (33) ____________________ him how to use a camera. Later he got his own camera and started to film things like model train crashes, stories about monsters and horrible murders. His three younger sisters (34) ____________________ always the victims. Later he made his first film at home at the age of twelve. It was a cowboy film three and a half minutes long, and it (35) ____________________ $10 to make. When he was sixteen, he (36) ____________________ a science-fiction film more than two hours long. (37) ____________________ films was his great hobby — much more fascinating for him than school. Of course, Steven wanted to go to film school. But his high school grades (38) ____________________ not good enough! So he just (39) ____________________ along to Universal Studios and asked for a job. Spielberg sometimes (40) ____________________ a lot of complicated effects — in the Indiana Jones films, for example. But, like in Duel, he (41) ____________________ a fantastic atmosphere even without special effects. E. T. is a success because of the feelings and reactions of the children. In 1994 he (42) ____________________ the most important film prize, the Oscar, for Schindler’s List. The secret of Spielbergs success is that the stories in many of his films somehow look as if they could happen to ordinary people like you and me.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

show

showing

showed

shows

34

was

to be

were

is

35

to cost

cost

had cost

have cost

36

make

to make

making

made

37

Making

Make

Have make

made

38

to be

is

were

was

39

went along

go along

to go along

gone along

40

to use

uses

used

had used

41

to create

can create

created

make create

42

would be win

to win

won

win

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Imagine that you are planning a business trip to Edinburg. Write the letter to the Chapman Company, to Mr. Henry Smith; notify him about your arrival (the date, number of train, coach, time of arrival) and ask him to meet you.

Write at least 100 words. Do not write any dates and addresses. Start your letter with

Dear.....

 

ВАРІАНТ 6

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

( ) (1) Air pollution can cause an asthma attack and is thought to cause a rising number of hospital admissions and early deaths. Air pollution is the change of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical or biological agent. The atmosphere is a complex, dynamic natural system that is the main to support life on planet Earth.

( ) (2) Worldwide air pollution is responsible for large numbers of deaths and cases of respiratory disease.

While the major are the mobile sources, mainly automobiles. Gases such as carbon dioxide, which contribute to global warming, are recognised as pollutants by climate scientists, while they also recognize that carbon dioxide is essential for plant life through photosynthesis.

( ) (3) We should lessen the number of automobiles on the road or invent other type of the machine that will not use oil. Today one family can have two or more cars what makes the air pollution rate higher. Public transport is less dangerous for atmosphere than a car. It is better to use it in order to save the environment.

( ) (4) Walking and cycling are two of the best ways to help to reduce pollution, they are also a great way to improve your fitness and save you money. Try walking or cycling to work or school instead of taking your car.

( ) (5) Water pollution is a large effect upon water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater caused by human activities. Transport is also one of the major factors of water pollution. Water is a vital part of life. Our organism partially consists of water. Everything alive must drink; water controls a lot of vital processes. The Earth would die without water. Using transport we produce some agents which kill water fauna and flora.

As we can see the situation with air and water pollution caused by means of transportation leads to global results and negative effects on our planet’s life.

 

A The world problem of transport.

В  What to do to lessen the atmosphere pollution?

C What is the air pollution?

D Air pollution is caused by factories.

E The problem of the forests cutting.

F The best ways to reduce air pollution.

G The effects of water pollution.

H Air pollution is the cause of many deceases.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A new study says ancient snow on top of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania could be gone in about twenty years. Huge layers of ice formed on the African mountain during a wet period about eleven-thousand years ago. But scientists say the ice on top of the mountain is melting because of rising temperatures in recent years. Lonnie Thompson of Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio led the study. It was published in Science magazine. The scientists used maps, modern navigational satellites and markers placed on the mountain to measure the ice. They found that the ice on Mount Kilimanjaro has shrunk from about twelve square kilometers in nineteen-twelve to about two square kilometers today. That is about an eighty percent reduction in the ice. Scientists say the ice will be gone by two-thousand-twenty if it continues to melt at its current rate. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa. It is almost five-thousand-nine-hundred meters high. The top part of the mountain is covered with snow. The mountain rises above flat land, called the savannah. The land is home to many different kinds of animals. Many stories have been written about the famous mountain. The most famous is Ernest Hemingway’s ’The Snows of Kilimanjaro’. Some ancient beliefs in Africa consider the mountain to be a holy place. About twenty-thousand people visit Mount Kilimanjaro every year to see the famous snow-topped mountain. It even has its own international airport. The government of Tanzania fears that the melting ice will affect tourism and weaken the economy. The decreasing ice already has reduced the amount of water flowing from the mountain to some Tanzanian rivers. Water from the mountain supplies many villages. The scientists are working to save pieces of the shrinking ice for more study. The frozen layers tell about Africa’s weather in ancient times. The ice also provides information about the world’s climate. Experts say other ice glaciers around the world are melting because of climate change caused by human activities. But they say natural climate change could be the cause of Mount Kilimanjaro’s problems.

 

Kilimanjaro is ... .

A a volcano

В a mountain

C a mountain chain

D a river

7 Mount Kilimanjaro is in ... .

A Tanzania

В Zambia

C Kenya

D Peru

8 The ice top of the mountain is melting because of ... .

A increasing pollution

В increasing tourism

D increasing temperature

C rains

9 Mount Kilimanjaro rises above flat land called ....

A glacier

В savannah

C top

D field

10 About ... people visit Mount Kilimanjaro every year.

A eighty-thousand

В twelve-thousand

C twenty-thousand

D two-thousand

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are three statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 So, I’m the only child in the family and I like it. Of course I’m spoilt a little but it doesn’t disturb me. The attention is all mine, consequently I’m the apple of my parent’s eyes. I feel lucky, and my friends are jealous because of my single state, particularly because I don’t have to share a bedroom. It’s an advantage. You get undivided attention from your parents. Being alone made me close to animals but it also made me quite demanding. If you don’t have sisters or brothers you need friends and so I tried hard to make them, I am good at making them still and such experience is very useful nowadays.

12 It may be true that an only child is spoilt, but, believe me, there are occasions on which you wish there was a brother or sister to share problems, but when you solve you problems yourself you tend to become strong and rational person, and it’s better to spend more time in the company of adults than with your contemporaries.

13 Most specialist suppose that only in a Family with one child a real leader can be born and educated. In the former situation parents usually believe in his possibilities, praise him for small successes and reward his good deeds. Thus he becomes self-centered and conceited. He is greedy for money.

14 In the latter situation parents are overprotective, underestimating their child’s skills and talents and often criticizing his efforts to be independent. Thus he is not sure of his real value. His start into adult life seems to be easier when we take into consideration welfare, comfort and living standards. But from the point of view of maturity his start is more difficult as he becomes independent later than his friends of the same age and sometimes cannot solve simple problems at work because so far his parents have always done it for him.

15 It is much more difficult to bring up the only child as the process of teaching him the terms of living in a society is rather artificial. In their books, educational films, and therapy meetings, psychologists give a lot of positive evidence that multi-children families provide a better psychological and socially healthier environment for development.

16 The parents’ effort to rear their children is rewarded when the children grow up. And when the parents are old it is impossible to be forgotten — form the bunch of kids there is at least one or two who will always remember to hasten with assistance to their loving parents.

 

A Parents use money to control their children.

В  Family is the little community.

C To be one child in the family can make a child strong.

D Parents should not solve the problems for their children.

E Only rich people can afford more than one child.

F Children reward their parent when they are grown up.

G One child and the process of teaching.

H The only child in the family.

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

More than two thousand years ago the early Britons established (17) __________________ of the Thames. The site had many advantages. It was defended on two sides by rivers. It lay in the center of the most fertile region. The old Britons gave the town its name, Lyndin, the Romans made it the center of their colony, the Germanic invaders tied to bum and destroy it, the victorious Normans made it the capital of the country. So the physical layout of contemporary London is (18) __________________.

The fort of Londinium, founded by the Romans in the 1st century AD, and the administrative center established at Westminster 1000 years later served as (19) __________________ in Central London.

At the time of the Roman occupation of Britain in the 1st century AD, London was already (20) __________________, in the 12th century King Alfred made London the capital of his kingdom. After William the Conqueror established himself in England, he began construction of the Tower of London, intending it as a citadel to overawe the populace. Many Normans settled in London and erected imposing edifices.

Throughout the Middle Ages the development of London was slow and was repeatedly arrested (21) __________________. The opening by Queen Elizabeth 1 of the Royal Exchange in 1566 marked the growth of the city expanded it might become too powerful. Queen Elizabeth 1 issued a proclamation prohibiting the construction of any new building within a radius of 4,8 km outside the city gates.

In 1665, during the Great Plague, nearly 70,000 Londoners died of to the disease with (22) __________________ The epidemic was followed by the Great Fire of 1666, which destroyed most of the walled section of the city. Because the Rebuilding Act of 1667 stipulated that only stone and brick be used, the new buildings that rose from the ruins bore little resemblance to the simple wooden dwellings of old London.

 

A by wars, epidemics and commercial crises

В  the end product of complex historical events

C a period of a year

D an elderly couples house

E a town of considerable importance

F a living room with fireplace

G the nucleus for following development

H a settlement on the north bank

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

I was cycling to work on Monday when a car nearly (23) __________________ me over. I nearly fell (24) __________________ my bicycle. I followed the car. It could not go (25) __________________ because there were many other cars. Then I was behind it. I banged (26) __________________ the roof. Suddenly, I saw the (27) __________________ Police on the side of the car. The passenger, a policeman, got (28) __________________. ‘What are you doing?’ he said. ‘The driver (29) __________________ knocked me over!’ I said. ‘You’re police officers. You (30) __________________ drive more carefully!’ The policeman took out his notebook. He (31) __________________ to take my name and address. He wanted me to go to the police station. Then the driver said, ‘Sorry. I didn’t see you. It was my (32) __________________’.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

knocked

pressed

pulled

kicked

24

out

off

by

through

25

suddenly

carefully

quickly

slowly

26

on

in

at

by

27

letters

word

write

title

28

in

out

off

through

29

nearly

slowly

carefully

quietly

30

might

should

shall

would

31

want

wants

wanted

wanting

32

mistake

mistakes

mistaken

mistaking

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

In the turbulent centuries that followed the Norman invasion, several efforts (33) __________________ to establish universities in Ireland. In 1311, John de Leah, Archbishop of Dublin, (34) __________________ a bill from Pope Clement V (35) __________________ him to establish a university in Dublin, but he died before anything (36) __________________. An attempt (37) __________________ in 1465 to found a university in Drogheda; this (38) __________________ to be endowed, as far as the Parliament of the England Pale (39) __________________ do it, with all the rights and privileges of the university of Oxford. The parliament concerned was presided over by Tomas, Earl of Desmond; two years later he (40) __________________ and beheaded, his estates were (41) __________________, and once more the idea of a university (42) __________________ to nothing. At last, in 1591, the idea was realized.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

make

were made

was made

made

34

obtained

obtaine

were obtained

to be obtained

35

authorize

authorized

authorizes

authorizing

36

made

can

could

would

37

was made

make

were made

made

38

be

was

is

are

39

would

can

could

make

40

attain

was attained

attained

were attained

41

were confiscated

confiscate

confiscated

to be confiscate

42

had came

will come

come

came

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write down a short description of your favourite book using the following plan. Write at least 100 words.

1. The information about the author of the book.

2. The information about the book.

2.1. The title of the book, the genre.

2.2. The plot of the book.

2.3. The main characters of the book.

2.4. The language and the style of the book.

3. Your personal attitude to the book.

3.1. What you like in the plot.

3.2. What the main idea of the work is to your mind.

 

ВАРІАНТ 7

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

The USA is a federal union of 50 states. The basic law is the constitution, adopted in 1787, which prescribes the structure of national government and lists its rights and fields of authority. Each state has its government and all of them have the dual character of both Federal and State government. The political system of the USA is divided into three branches: judicial, legislative and executive. Each branch holds a certain degree of power over the others, and all take part in the governmental process.

( ) (1) Tire flag is called the stars and the stripes and old glory. It was adopted in 1777. The red stripes proclaim courage, the white — liberty, and the field of blue stands for loyalty.

The coat of arms of the US represents an eagle with wings outspread, holding a bangle of rods (the symbol of administer) in the left claw and olive twig (the emblem of love) in the right claw'. The motto of the coat of arms is ‘one out of many’.

( ) (2) Although the American system of government is based on Great Britain’s, it differs in having a writ­ ten constitution that is the bases of all government and law. The constitution of the US was adopted after the War of Independence on the 17th of September 1787. It lists the set of rules, law regula­tions, which provide the practical norms, regulating the work of the government. The document embodied the practical theories of man of property. The main principle underline the constitution was as follows: ’Private property is the backbone of liberty’. It was put forward by a rich plantation owner from Virginia James Madison, who is known to be a father of the constitution.

( ) (3) The constitution consists of Preamble and seven articles. 27 amendments have so far been added

to its original text. The first 10 amendments, known as ’the Bill of Rights’, were added in a group in 1791. These amendments establish the individual rights and freedoms to all people of the states, including freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of worship etc. Americans fill that of all freedoms, proclaimed in the constitution, there is only one freedom — the freedom of enterprise. But it means freedom of the wealthy people only. The 21st amendment limited the President’s ruling by maximum two terms.

( ) (4) Inauguration always takes place on the 20th of January, it is an official act of installing the President of the USA to his office. Inauguration is connected with some traditions. Thus the incumbent.

President gives dinner on the eve in honour of the President elected and to conduct him threw the White House. By 12 o’clock of the 2nd of January two participants of the ceremony and guests take their places in front of the Capitol. The central point of the ceremony is the taking of an oath by the President and the delivering of his Inaugural speech; it is regarded as a declaration of principles, proclaimed by the new administration. The ceremony ends in a military parade.

( ) (5) The US began as a one party political system. But gradually two-party system appeared. The present- day Democratic Party was founded in 1828, representing southern states. It united slave owners. The Republican Party was founded in 1854 and united people from Northeast, who were against slavering. The emblem of the Democratic Party is a donkey. The emblem of the Republican Party is an elephant. The main task of the parties is to win elections. One of the reasons of stability at the two party systems is family tradition to inherit politics from fathers.

 

A The rights and freedom of the Americans.

В  How the USA constitution was adopted.

C The role of the president in the US political system.

D The political system of the USA.

E National emblems of the USA.

F The content of the American constitution.

G The major political parties of the country.

H The Senate of the USA.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Most people do not know that Juliette Gordon Low, the founder of the Girl Scouts of America, was deaf. She began to lose her hearing when she was 17, and became almost totally deaf in her adulthood.

Juliette Gordon was born on October 31, 1860, in Savannah, Georgia. Her family and friends all called her Daisy. When she was 14 she was sent to a school in Virginia that was run by some of Thomas Jefferson’s grand-daughters. A few years later, at the age of 17, she transferred to a school in New York.

Juliette married William Mackay Low and they went to England to live. Juliette became interested in the Girl Guides Association there. She observed their meetings and was very impressed because the girls acquired many useful skills. They learned how to cook, knit, tie knots and give first aid. They also learned about the history of the flag. Moreover, they developed important social skills as they learned how to work together. Juliette thought that girls everywhere should have this opportunity, so she decided to organize more troops.

Juliette organized several Girl Guides troops in both England and Scotland. Since she could not do all the work herself, she had to ask other women to help her. Sometimes the women were reluctant to give their time due to family responsibilities. However, Juliette was a very determined woman. When the women refused, she would pretend that she didn’t understand what they said. As a result, the women helped her in spite of being busy.

Juliette always persevered until she motivated others to help her with her goals. One encounter that required her persistence happened while she was in Scotland. She was walking along a road one day when she came to a stream. The only way across the stream was by a foot log, and Juliette was afraid to cross it alone. She was wondering what to do when she saw a peddler coming down the road. She told the peddler to go across the bridge first, and she would follow with her hand on his shoulder. Although the peddler started to protest, her stubborn insistence again paid off. He reluctantly led her across the foot bridge. Once they were safely on the other side, the peddler explained to her that he was blind!

When Juliette came back to America for a visit, she started the first Girl Guides troop in the country in her home town, Savannah. By the time she went back to England six months later, there were six Girl Guide troops in Savannah. At that time, the girls each made their own uniforms.

In 1913, the Girl Guides changed its name to the Girl Scouts. Juliette Low came back to Savannah that same year. She decided that there should be Girl Scout troops all over the United States, so she worked toward that goal. The first national Girl Scout convention was held in Washington, DC, on June 10, 1915.

Juliette died in Savannah on January 17, 1927. Thanks to her, there are now Girl Scouts all over the world. Juliette’s home in Savannah is a national Girl Scout center.

 

6 ’...Juliette started the first Girl Guides troop in the country in her home town of Savannah. By the time she went back to England six months later, there were six Girl Guide troops in Savannah’. From this statement we can assume that:

A Juliette liked the uniforms they Girl Guides wore.

В Other people set up their own troops because they were jealous of Juliette.

C Juliette helped to start all six of these troops.

D The girls in the first troop argued and had to be separated into six different troops.

7 Juliette started having trouble with her hearing when:

A she had a very high fever.

В she was 17 years old.

C she got married.

D she organized the Girl Scouts.

8 ’Sometimes the women were reluctant to give their time due to family responsibilities’. This sentence means:

A The women were eager to help her start Girl Guides troops.

В The women wanted to help, but had something due that they needed to work on.

C The women were in charge of other families.

D The women didn’t want to help her because they were too busy with their families.

9 The main idea of this passage can best be stated as:

A Juliette Low, a deaf woman, used determination and persistence to start Girl Scout troops all over the world.

В Juliette Low, a deaf woman, was very pushy and always got what she wanted.

C Juliette Low, a deaf woman, traveled to many different places in her life time but ended up back in Savannah.

D Without Juliette, the Girl Scouts would still only be a British phenomenon.

10 Juliette did things in this order:

A Went to England, married William, watched the Girl Guides meetings, organized her own Girl Guides troops.

В Watched the Girl Guides meetings, went to England, married William, organized her own Girl Guides troops.

C Married William, went to England, organized her own Girl Guides troops, watched the Girl Guides meetings.

D Married William, went to England, watched the Girl Guides meetings, organized her own Girl Guides troops.

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 The ongoing changes in social, political and economic spheres of the country entails not only the raise of women’s role in society, in addition they are accompanied by breaking of stereotypes to treat human beings by sex that had been shaping through decades. Free economic relations and democratization of all spheres of life create the basis for eventual equal social rights for any human being regardless of sex, for both men and women. From a legal point of view, a man and a woman in Ukraine are equal. However, in practice, there are no real mechanisms of women’s rights fulfillment as well as for their active participation in social life.

12  Such questions as women and their place in the society, their political and social activity as well as enlightening of those problems in mass media; questions of creation of informational data-base as well as maternity and childhood cannot be effectively solved by governmental bodies, especially in the situation of economic crisis.

13 That is why it is important today to assist the creation of such mechanism through the activation of women’s public organizations. And non-governmental charity organizations become a single source for support of such projects.

14 Housework, chores and raising children are generally considered to belong to a woman’s domain. Despite the fact that birthrates in the country have been falling, children are obstacles in the labor market. It is understandable that women decide to defer having children later or do not have children at all. Along with that, there is a lack of knowledge about modern contraception and a correspondingly large number of abortions.

15 A lack of state financing in social programs has caused further tightening in the labor market, particularly for women. Female unemployment is rising at a catastrophically high rate. Women have less access to retraining programs than men, while women entrepreneurs are a rarity.

16 Women’s social status is a serious problem. Few female decision-makers can be found in positions of social importance. This strengthens the stereotype of ’male superiority’ and hinders the creation of true partnerships between men and women.

 

A Woman are restricted in the spheres of politics and government.

В  The place of women in the society.

C The creation of true partnership between men and women.

D The importance of women’s public organizations.

E The working women.

F All humans are equal.

G The tasks for women.

H The reflections of equity is equel rights.

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

The origins of chocolate can be traced back to the ancient Maya and Aztec civilisations in Central America who first enjoyed a much-prized spicy drink ‘chocolatl’, made from (17) ______________ . Chocolate was exclusively for drinking until the early Victorian times when a technique for making solid ‘eating’ chocolate was devised. Throughout its history, whether as a cocoa or drinking chocolate beverage or confectionery treat, chocolate has always been (18) ______________.

The story of cocoa begins with cocoa trees, which grew wild in the tropical rain forests of the Amazon basin and other tropical areas in Central and South America for thousands of years. It was the Maya Indians, (19) ______________ whose descendants still live in Central America, who first discovered the delights of cocoa as long ago as 600 AD. ‘Chocolatl’ was consumed in large quantities by the Aztecs (20) ______________. The Aztec version of this popular drink was described as ‘finely ground, soft, foamy, reddish, bitter with chilli water, aromatic flowers, vanilla and wild bee honey.’ The Yucatan Peninsula, (21) ______________ in what is now Southern Mexico, where wild cocoa trees grew, was where the Maya lived. They harvested cocoa beans from the rain forest trees, then cleared areas of lowland forest to grow their own cocoa trees in the first known cocoa plantations.

The Maya Indians and the Aztecs had recognised the value of cocoa beans both as an ingredient for their special drink and (22) ______________ for hundreds of years before cocoa was brought to Europe. An early explorer visiting Central America found that 4 cocoa beans could buy a pumpkin; 10 could buy a rabbit; 100 were needed to buy a slave.

 

A as currency

В an ancient people

C rich capital city

D roasted cocoa beans

Е an official act

F a much sought after food

G a tropical area

H as a luxury drink


TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

In 1638, in the palace in Lima, Peru, a rich young woman lay very ill. She was the wife of the Viceroy, appointed by the King in Spain. The young woman had malaria and she drifted between hot dry fevers, shivering and shaking (23) ______________ cold, and then sweating heavily. The family and their doctor tried (24) ______________ that they could but it seemed that there was nothing they could do. The woman became weaker and weaker and her family (25) ______________ that she would die.

Eventually, in desperation, a doctor suggested trying a (26) ______________ that he had heard was used (27) ______________ the north of the country. It was made from the bark of a tree and it was called quinquina. The family was (28) ______________ to try anything and they quickly sent someone to collect some. The bark of the tree was obtained as quickly as possible, and boiled to (29) ______________ the quinquina.

To the surprise of her family, the young woman quickly recovered. In fact, the woman was the first European to be cured (30) ______________ quinine. Once she realised the effectiveness of the medicine, she used it both in Peru and in Spain to help to cure her workers when they had malaria. Gradually, the effectiveness of the bark became (31) ______________ by more people. They realised the value of the medicine they could get from the bark of the tree. It became more and more expensive and by 1840 it cost about Ј2 (32) ______________ one kilogramme in weight, which is equivalent to about Ј400 today.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

from

out of

of

with

24

all things

variations

everything

anything

25

intended

agreed

decided

believed

26

remedy

method

system

delivery

27

by

in

off

over

28

trying

willing

attempting

beginning

29

extract

remove

take

find

30

by

of

with

through

31

know

known

knowledge

knowledgeable

32

at

in

for

of

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Cadbury’s as we know it today started from humble beginnings in Bull Street, Birmingham. A shop (33) ______________ by John Cadbury in 1824. It did not start as a confectionery shop but (34) ______________ tea and coffee and home made drinking chocolate or cocoa which he made himself for his customers.

In those days cocoa and chocolate was a luxury and affordable by only the wealthy. John’s experiments with chocolate and a strong marketing campaign soon (35) ______________ him a leading trader in Birmingham. The shop (36) ______________ very well and become more and more popular.

John Cadbury moved into the manufacturing of drinking chocolate and cocoa. By the early 1840s Cad­bury (37) ______________ from a factory in Bridge Street. The chocolate industry (38) ______________ a boost in the 1850s when the government (39) ______________ the high import taxes on cocoa. Choco­late was now within reach of the masses. Cadbury’s (40) ______________ a Royal Warrant in 1854 as manufacturers of chocolate for Queen Victoria.

After such a successful start, the business fell upon hard times. John Cadbury’s sons Richard and George struggled with the business after their father (41) ______________ in 1861. However, new processes and new products (42) ______________ the business improve. By the turn of the decade they were able move from the Bridge Street factory to what is now Bournville.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

opened

was opened

be opened

open

34

sell

will sell

sold

was sold

35

made

make

to make

will make

36

done

did

do

does

37

operate

operated

to be operated

operates

38

be given

were given

would be given

was given

39

reduced

to reduce

reduces

will reduce

40

give

was given

be given

were given

41

to retire

retires

retire

had taken up

42

help

helpes

will help

helped

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Describe any famous painting you like according to the proposed scheme below. Write at least 100 words.

1. General information about the painting.

1.1. The author of the painting.

1.2. The composition of the painting.

1.3. The style and history of the painting.

2. The objects and the materials of the painting.

2.1. Detailed description of the objects on the painting.

2.2. The materials the painting is done of and with.

2.3. The dominating colours of the painting, its general mood.

3. Your personal attitude to the masterpiece.

 

ВАРІАНТ 8

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Teacher Needed: Tommy’s Kindergarten needs 2 teacher/trainers to help with classes from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Applicants should have appropriate licenses. For more information visit Tommy’s Kindergarten in Leicester Square No. 56

( ) (1) Needed: Full time secretary position available. Applicants should have at least 2 years experience and be able to type 60 words a minute. No computer skills required. Apply in person at United Business Ltd., 17 Browning Street

( ) (2) Are you looking for a part time job? We require 3 part time shop assistants to work during the evening. No experience required, applicants should between 18 and 26. Call 366 — 76564 for more information.

( ) (3) Computer trained secretaries: Do you have experience working with computers? Would you like a full time position working in an exciting new company? If your answer is yes, give us a call at.

( ) (4) Part Time work available: We are looking for retired adults who would like to work part time at the weekend. Responsibilities include answering the telephone and giving customer’s information. For more information contact us by calling

( ) (5) University positions open: The University of Cumberland is looking for 4 teaching assistants to help with homework correction. Applicants should have a degree in one of the following: Political Science, Religion, Economics or History. Please contact the University of Cumberland for more information.

 

A Jane Madison. Jane recently retired and is looking for a part time position. She would like to work with people and enjoys public relation work.

В  Jack Anderson. Jack graduated from the University of Trent with a degree in Economics two years ago. He would like an academic position.

C Tom Rose. Tom is 29, he is a lawyer. He needs a full time position.

D Margaret Lillian. Margaret is 21 years old and would like a part time position to help her pay her university expenses. She can only work in the evenings.

E Alice Fingelhamm. Alice was trained as a secretary and has six years of experience. She is an excel­lent typist but does not know how to use a computer. She is looking for a full time position.

F Peter Florian. Peter went to business school and studied computer and secretarial skills. He is looking for his first job and would like a full time position.

G Vincent san George. Vincent loves working with children and has an education license from the city of Birmingham. He would like to work with young children.

H Ann First. Ann is a doctor. She looks for a full time p ositionofa physician in a local hospital.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-Ю) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Thomas Alva Edison lit up the world with his invention of the electric light. Without him, the world might still be a dark place. However, the electric light was not his only invention. He also invented the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and over 1,200 other things. About every two weeks he created something new.

Thomas A. Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, on February 11, 1847. His family moved to Port Huron, Michigan, when he was seven years old. Surprisingly, he attended school for only two months. His mother, a former teacher, taught him a few things, but Thomas was mostly self-educated. His natural curiosity led him to start experimenting at a young age with electrical and mechanical things at home.

When he was 12 years old, he got his first job. He became a newsboy on a train that ran between Port Huron and Detroit. He set up a laboratory in a baggage care of the train so that he could continue his experiments in his spar9 time. Unfortunately, his first work experience did not end well. Thomas was fired when he accidentally set fire to the floor of the baggage car.

Thomas then worked for five years as a telegraph operator, but he continued to spend much of his time on the job conducting experiments. He got his first patent in 1868 for a vote recorder run by electricity. However, the vote recorder was not a success. In 1870, he sold another invention, a stock-ticker, for $40,000. A stock-ticker is a machine that automatically prints stock prices on a tape. He was then able to build his first shop in Newark, New Jersey.

Thomas Edison was totally deaf in one ear and hard of hearing in the other, but thought of his deafness as a blessing in many ways. It kept conversations short, so that he could have more time for work. He called himself a ’two-shift man’ because he worked 16 out of every 24 hours. Sometimes he worked so intensely that his wife had to remind him to sleep and eat.

Thomas Edison died at the age of 84 on October 18, 1931, at his estate in West Orange, New Jersey. He left numerous inventions that improved the quality of life all over the world.

 

6 What was not invented by Edison?

A electric light

В phonograph

C telegraph

D motion picture camera

7 Thomas Edison did things in this order;

A he became a telegraph operator, a newsboy, and then got his first patent

В he became a newsboy, got his first patent, and then became a telegraph operator

C he got a patent, became a telegraph operator, and then became a newsboy

D he became a newsboy, a telegraph operator, and then got a patent

8 Edison considered his deafness:

A a disadvantage

В a blessing

C something from a priest

D a necessity

9 The boy set up his first laboratory in ... .

A a shop

В a baggage care of a bus

C a baggage care of the train

D a baggage care of the ship

10 The main idea of this passage is:

A Thomas Edison was always interested in science and inventions, and he invented many important things

В Thomas Edison could not keep a job

C Thomas Edison worked day and night on his experiments

D Deaf people make good inventors because they can focus without the distraction of spoken conversation

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 NY city is located at the mouth of the Hudson River, south-eastern New York state, northeastern U.S. New York City is the centre of the largest urban agglomeration in the United States. It occupies Manhattan and Staten islands, the western end of Long Island, a portion of the mainland, and various islands in New York Harbor and Long Island Sound. Its urban area extends into neighbouring parts of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut.

12 New York City is an ethnic melting pot where the most dramatic cultural contrasts are commonplace.

It is among the most geographically and demographically complex of world cities, its economy one of the most divers? And its cultural scene among the richest and most variegated.

13 The city consists of five boroughs (Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island [formerly Richmond]), which correspond to five counties of New York state (New York, Kings, Queens, Bronx, and Richmond, respectively). All are located near the point where the Hudson River empties into Upper New York Bay of the Atlantic Ocean. The city’s only land boundaries are Westchester county on the north and Nassau county on Long Island to the east. The city’s waterfront is used for shipping and recreation.

14 The city may be described as a collection of many neighbourhoods, each with its own character and life-style. Manhattan is the economic and cultural heart of the city and is often considered to be ’the city’. Administration and services, however, have become increasingly decentralized as community planning boards have assumed more power in areas such as education, health, housing, and public works. Manhattan, the magnet for tourists and businessmen, is at first glance a city of skyscrapers, glaring lights, and frenetic pace. The shopping promenade of Fifth Avenue, the financial institutions of Wall Street, the residential mansions of Park Avenue, or the bohemian life in the East Village and SoHo give typical impressions.

15 Only Brooklyn of the other boroughs has a similar ethnic heterogeneity and a similar range of social life, with commercial and industrial districts and residential areas ranging from the wealth of Brooklyn Heights to the most abject poverty of parts of Bedford-Stuyvesant.

16 The artists of New York City exhibit in a wide variety of forms, ranging from traditional crafts to the most avant-garde work, flavoured by complex blends of ethnic and national influences. Theatrical arts and entertainment are also widespread: Broadway is the synonym for musical comedies and legitimate drama; Carnegie Hall is one of the most famous concert halls in the world; and Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is the home of the Metropolitan Opera, the New York City Opera, the New York Philharmonic, and the New York City Ballet.

 

A The science centre.

В  A great melting pot.

C Brooklyn is one of the NY boroughs.

D The location of New York City.

E The cultural life of the city.

F Manhattan is the magnet for tourists.

G The structure of the great city.

H New York City is a centre of world trade and finance.

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

What is an ideal society? Is it a reality full of peace, love and prosperity or the utopia created in our dreams?

The need of ideal society was present in all the epochs after human organised themselves as an intelligent community. The reason for that is the uniqueness of each person, the difference of views and desires. The need of every person is rather objective that creates the multistructure of each family, community, society and the entire world. That leads to the disharmony in the global structure of the society as the living organism.

Plato tried to specify (17) ________________ of ideal society in order to smooth the misunderstanding in the society over. Every person should have (18) ________________, to be like a needed element and only then the Machine can work and gain.

Some world religions, Hinduism for example, support the same view. But this strict determination of a person to some place or rank is rather not humanistic and democratic. If we remember Utopia by Thomas Moore we will get one more (19) ________________. Here the same levelled structure is displayed, each person has the duties of his/her own. The life here is calm and quiet like in Paradise, all people are so happy.

Each of us dreams of such a life but none does something to make it better to change ourselves and to love each other. We can name Defoe, Marx and many other world minds here, who wanted (20) ________________ both on paper and in life. But ideal society, to my mind, is the union where people can love and trust. But as the experience of the millenniums states people are so multidimensional and different that each want to dictate his/her will.

Wars and conflicts are all (21) ________________. We strive to be happy and rich but forget about others and there are our children among those others. Ideal society is possible if people are either angels or clones, having no personal views or needs. But then there is a need in (22) ________________, a so called Big Brother. But it is rather quasi ideal society as the etymology of the word ’ideal’ is already connected with some good qualities. Ideal society is a utopia, being more and more unreal with every day of our entire life!

 

A to create separate society

В  the synonym for society

C the place in the structure of the society

D the result of the misunderstanding of humans

E the core features

F the cultural heart of the city

G model of ideal society

H the leading person

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

By about 30,000 years (23) ________________, modern humans had spread to almost all parts of the world. They were almost exactly the same as people of today, (24) ________________ a little shorter.

These people lived mainly (25) ________________ hunting. They caught antelope, rabbits, pigs, elephants, birds and (26) ________________ animals. Some of the animals they killed were (27) ________________ large. This shows that the people must have lived (28) ________________ large groups and worked along. The people in the groups probably had leaders.

The work of the men and the women was (29) ________________ very different. The men hunted and built places to live (30) ________________. They made tools. The women prepared food and looked after the children. They made clay pots and used skins to make (31) ________________. Living in large groups helped their language to develop. People started to make paintings on the walls of caves at this (32) ________________. Most of the paintings show animals and hunting scenes. They also made carved objects out of bone and stone.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

since

ago

from

past

24

so

with

although

since

25

of

through

from

by

26

other

another

some

all

27

quite

always

anyway

surprise

28

like

as

by

in

29

little bit

probably

immediately

some

30

at

in

for

by

31

cloth

clothe

clothes

clothed

32

age

year

life

time

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

The association of the middle of February with love and fertility dates to ancient times. In the calendar of Ancient Athens, the period between mid January and mid February was the month of Gamelion, which (33) ________________ to the sacred marriage of Zeus and Hera.

In Ancient Rome, the day of February 15 was Lupercalia, the festival of Lupercus, the god of fertility, who (34) ________________ as half-naked and dressed in goat skins. As part of the purification ritual, the priests of Lupercus (35) ________________ goats to the god, and after drinking wine, they ran through the streets of Rome (36) ________________ pieces of the goat skin above their heads, touching anyone they met. Young women especially (37) ________________ forth voluntarily for the occasion, in the belief that (38) ________________ so touched (39) ________________ them fruitful and bring easy childbirth.

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia (1908), at least three different Saints Valentine, all of them martyrs and all quite obscure, (40) ________________ in the early martyrologies under the date of February 14:

A priest in Rome who suffered martyrdom in the second half of the 3rd century and (41) ________________ on the Via Flaminia. A bishop of Interamna (modern Terni) also suffered martyrdom in the second half of the 3rd century and was also buried on the Via Flaminia, but in a different location than the priest. A martyr in North Africa, about whom little else (42) ________________.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

to dedicate

dedicated

was dedicated

to be dedicated

34

was represented

represent

were represented

represented

35

was sacrificed

sacrificing

sacrificed

sacrifice

36

would be held

held

hold

holding

37

come

came

have come

had come

38

being

be

was

were

39

would render

render

will render

rendered

40

to be mention

mentioned

are mentioned

mention

41

were buried

bury

buried

was buried

42

is known

known

to be known

knew

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write your resume applying for some position according to the given plan. Write at least 100 words.

1. Personal information: full name, date and place of birth, your address.

2. The position you want to achieve.

3. Your education: secondary school (years), college, university (years), degrees.

4. Your working experience: years and places you have been working at; positions you attained.

5. Personal characteristics: character, hobbies.

6. Publications and awards: articles, medals, honours.

7. Computer skills: programs you can work with.

 

ВАРІАНТ 9

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Painters use a number of materials to produce the effects they desire. These include the materials of the surface, or ground; the pigments employed; the binder, or medium, in which the colour is mixed; and its diluting agent. Among the various media used by artists are fresco, watercolour, oil, distemper, gouache, tempera, and encaustic. In addition to these, painting properly embraces many other techniques ordinarily associated with drawing, a term that is often used to refer to the linear aspects of the same art.

( ) (1) If painting and drawing are not always clearly distinguishable from each other, both are to be distinguished from the print (or work of graphic art), in which the design is not produced directly but is transferred from another surface to that which it decorates. While the print may be one of many identical works, the painting or drawing is always unique. Painting has been freely combined with many other arts, including sculpture, architecture, and, in the modem era, photography.

( ) (2) In ancient Greece and medieval Europe most buildings and sculptures were painted; nearly all of the ancient decoration has been lost, but some works from Egypt have preserved their coloring and give us an insight into the importance such an art can assume. The art of painting in China was linked from the 1st century AD with the development of the Buddhist faith.

( ) (3) Highly spiritualized in concept, the medieval painting tradition gave way to a more worldly orientation with the development of Renaissance art. The murals of Giotto became a vehicle for the expression of new and living ideas and sentiments. At the height of the Renaissance a large proportion of the works were decorations of walls and altarpieces, which were necessarily conceived in terms of their part in a larger decorative whole and their appeal for a large public. The greatest masterpieces of Raphael and Michelangelo and of the Florentine masters are generally public works of this character.

( ) (4) Basing their art on the technical contributions of the Renaissance, e.g., the study of perspective and anatomy, the baroque masters added a virtuosity of execution and a style of unparalleled drama. From the age of the rococo, painting tended in the direction of greater intimacy. It is noteworthy, for example, that many of the masterpieces of the 19th cent., and particularly of impressionism, are small easel paintings suitable for the private home. The same period saw the rise of the large public gallery with both temporary and permanent exhibitions, an institution greatly expanded in the 20 th cent.

( ) (5) A reawakened interest in mural painting and the contributions of painting to such arts as the motion picture and video have led some to believe that a return to a greater emphasis on the public functions of the art is taking place. Such a view can find support in the notable influence of abstract painting in the fields of industrial and architectural design. This art also continues to enjoy undiminished popularity in the home and gallery. Painting has had a long and glorious world history as an independent art.

 

A Modern art and its development.

В  The era of impressionism.

C The ancient art.

D The marvelous art of Persia.

E The difference between painting, drawing and print.

F The period of the ancient art revival.

G The varieties of painting and techniques.

H The novelty of the Ukrainian painting.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

THE CHRISTMAS ROSE

An Old Legend by Lizzie Deas

When the Magi laid their rich offerings of myrrh, frankincense, and gold, by the bed of the sleeping Christ Child, legend says that a shepherd maiden stood outside the door quietly weeping.

She, too, had sought the Christ Child. She, too, desired to bring him gifts. But she had nothing to offer, for she was very poor indeed. In vain she had searched the countryside over for one little flower to bring Him, but she could find neither bloom nor leaf, for the winter had been cold.

And as she stood there weeping, an angel passing saw her sorrow, and stooping he brushed aside the snow at her feet. And there sprang up on the spot a cluster of beautiful winter roses,—waxen white with pink.

’Nor myrrh, nor frankincense, nor gold’, said the angel, ’is offering more sweet for the Christ Child than these pure Christmas Roses’.

Joyfully the shepherd maiden gathered the flowers and made her offering to the Holy Child.

 

6 The legend is based on ...

A the old sagas

В the Bible

C the epics

D the Persian literature

7 What offerings did the magi lay?

A gold and flowers

В myrrh, gold and flowers

C frankincense, myrrh and flowers

D gold, myrrh and frankincense

8 Why did a shepherd maiden stand outside and weep?

A she was hurt

В her mother died

C she had no present for Christ

D to couldn’t come in

9 What a little girl was searching over the countryside?

A snow

В a flower

C a tree

D the Child

10 Why did she not find any flower around?

A it was winter

В it was too hot

C it was too dark

D it rained


TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

WHERE COCOA IS GROWN

11 The cacao tree needs a constant high temperature, heavy rainfall and the right kind of rich soil to grow properly. These conditions are found only in the countries that lie between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

12 Cocoa originally grew only in the forests of Central and South America, but it is now cultivated in the wet lowland areas of many tropical countries. Most of the world’s cocoa is now produced in African countries, such as Ghana, Nigeria and the Ivory Coast, but large amounts are also grown in Brazil, Indonesia and the islands of the Caribbean.

13 Cocoa is often grown on large plantations, owned by large companies, and employing hundreds of local people. But some cocoa is still grown on small family farms, where friends, relatives and children lend a hand at harvest time, when the pods have to be cut, stacked and split by hand.

14  All today’s cacao trees are descended from seeds taken from the Amazon jungle, and cultivated on new plantations in other parts of the world, to feed the ever-growing demand for cocoa and chocolate.

15 Ghana, for example, is now a major cocoa-producing country, but cacao trees did not always grow there. Today’s huge modern industry is the result of a journey that was made by a West African blacksmith, called Tetteh Quarshie.

16 He travelled to an island called Fernando Po. When he returned to his home in Ghana, he took with him a single pod from a cacao tree, containing about thirty beans. He planted beans. One by one they sprouted, but then all died, save for one seedling. He carefully tended this single plant, and it grew into a healthy cacao tree. Quarshie’s single tree was the ancestor of the many thousands of trees that now grow in Ghana.

 

A The major cocoa-producing country.

В  How people grow cocoa.

C The areas where cocoa is cultivated.

D Where do we find seeds for cacao trees today?

E The conditions under which the cacao tree can grow.

F The single surviving plant.

G Cocoa trees were grown in plantations by the Aztecs.

H The story of cocoa begins with cocoa trees.

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

The Olympic Games have (17) ______________ . They began in 777 BC in Greece and took place every four years for nearly twelve centuries at Olimpia. They included many different kinds of sports: running, boxing, wrestling, etc. All the cities in Greece sent their best athletes to Olimpia to compete in the Games. For the period of the Games all the wars stopped. So the Olympic Games became (18) ______________.

In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not renewed until many centuries later.

In 1894, a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all the sports governing bodies and pointed out the significance of sports and (19) ______________.

Two years later the first modem Olympic Games took place. Of course, the competitions were held in Greece to symbolize the continuation of (20) ______________.

In 1896 the International Olympic Committee was set up. It is (21) ______________ of the Olym­pic movement. It is formed by the representatives of all countries which take part in the Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee decides upon the programme of the games, (22) ______________ and the city-host for the Games. Over one hundred and fifty countries are represented in the International Olympic Committee now. Besides, each country has its National Olympic Committee.

Summer and Winter Games are held separately. There are always several cities wishing to host the Games. The most suitable is selected by the International Committee.

After that the city of the Games starts preparations for the competitions, constructs new sports facili­ties, stadiums, hotels, press centres. Thousands of athletes, journalists and guests come to the Games, and it takes great efforts to arrange everything. There is always an interesting cultural programme of concerts, exhibitions, festivals, etc., for each Games.

 

A the materials of the surface

В  its educational value

C a very long history

D the number of the participants

E the symbol of peace and friendship

F the painting or drawing is always unique

G the central policy-making body

H the centuries-old tradition

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

At six thirteen a.m. on Friday morning Lucy Angkatell’s big blue eyes opened upon another day and as always, she was at once (23) ______________ awake and began immediately to deal with the problems conjured (24) ______________ by her incredibly active mind. (25) ______________ urgently the need of consultation and conversation, and selecting for the purpose her young cousin, Midge Hardcastle, (26) ______________ arrived at The Hollow the night before, Lady Angkatell slipped quickly (27) ______________ of bed and went along the passage to Midge’s room. Since she was a woman of rapid thought processes, Lady Angkatell, as was her invariable custom, commenced the conversation in her own (28) ______________, supplying Midge’s answers out of her own fertile imagination. The conversation was in full (29) ______________ when Lady Angkatell flung open Midge’s door.

’And so, darling, you really must agree that the weekend is going to present difficulties!’

’Eh? Hwah!’ Midge grunted inarticulately, (30) ______________ thus abruptly from a satisfying and deep sleep.

Lady Angkatell crossed to the window, opening the shutters and jerking up the blind with a brisk movement, letting in the pale light of a September dawn.

’Birds!’ she observed, peering with kindly pleasure (31) ______________ the pane. ’So sweet’.

’What?’

’Well, at any (32) ______________, the weather isn’t going to present difficulties. It looks as though it had set in fine. That’s something. Because if a lot of discordant personalities are boxed up indoors, I’m sure you will agree with me that it makes it ten times worse’.

(Agatha Christie)

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

full

fast

hard

wide

24

in

up

out

through

25

To feel

As she felt

Feeling

Felt

26

who would have

that had

who had

27

out

in

from

off

28

head

mind

brain

fantasy

29

swing

stretch

time

length

30

rised

raised

aroused

rose

31

through

into

beyond

across

32

rate

way

case

pace

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A new Congress session begins on the 3rd of January each odd number year and continues for two years. A Congressman must work long and hard. But most of their work (33) ______________ in com­mittee meetings. Here bills (34) ______________, experts are consulted, and recommendations (35) ______________ to the whole House of Senate. During a two year term of a Congress, as many as 20000 bills are introduced. There are 16 ‘standing’ or permanent committees in the Senate, and 22 in the House. They accept and improve some bills, but reject most of them. For a bill (36) ______________ a law it must be read, studied in committees, commented on and amended in the Senate or House chamber in which it was introduced. It is then (37) ______________ upon. If it passes, it (38) ______________ to the other house where a similar procedure (39) ______________. Members of both houses work together in ’conference committees’ if the chambers (40) ______________ different versions of the same bill. Groups who try to persuade Congressmen to vote for or against a bill (41) ______________ as ’lobbies’. When both houses of Congress pass a bill on which they agree, it is (42) ______________ to the president for his signature. If President disapproves, he vetoes and refusing to sign it, and sends it back to Congress. President’s objection are read and debated. To overcome the President’s veto, the bill must get a 2/3 majority in each chamber.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

is done

do

does

done

34

be studied

studied

are studied

study

35

make

are made

made

was made

36

will become

became

become

becomes

37

voted

vote

be voted

votes

38

was sent

is sent

sent

send

39

occur

occurs

occured

be occured

40

passed

pass

have passed

has passed

41

knew

known

know

are known

42

is sent

sent

send

was sent

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write down the business letter to your partners informing them about the conference. Use the plan below. Write a letter of at least 100 words. Do not write any dates and addresses.

Dear partners,

1. The title and the date of the conference.

2. The place where the conference will be held.

3. The information about the participants.

4. The aim and the topic of the conference.

5. The main ideas and points of the conference.

6. The time limits and breaks.

It will be nice to see you at our conference.

With regards,

Mr/Mrs ...

 

ВАРІАНТ 10

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the given text. Match the sentences (A-H) to the passages (1-5). There are three sentences you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

( ) (1) You may think the Golden Gate Bridge was named for its orange color. But it is named for the body of water that it crosses — the Golden Gate Strait. The Golden Gate Strait is the entrance to the San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean. The Golden Gate Bridge links the city of San Francisco with Marin County, California.

() (2) Joseph Strauss designed the bridge. It opened in 1937. The Golden Gate Bridge extends 1,280 meters across the water. It was the longest suspension bridge in the world until 1964. That is when the Verrazano Narrows Bridge opened in New York City. Still, the Golden Gate Bridge has become famous around the world. And many people consider it to be the most beautiful bridge structure in the world.

( ) (3) The Brooklyn Bridge is much older than the Golden Gate. It was one of the first great suspension bridges. It was built between 1869 and 1883. John Augustus Roebling designed the bridge. But he died as a result of an accident at the start of its construction.

( ) (4) His son, Washington Roebling, replaced him as chief engineer. But he became sick while working underwater. Washington Roebling was not able to go to the construction area. Yet he continued to direct the operations through his wife, Emily.

( ) (5) The Brooklyn Bridge links Brooklyn with Manhattan Island. It extends 486 meters over the East River. It was the longest bridge in the world until the Firth of Forth cantilever bridge was built in Scotland in 1890. Today, thousands of cars, trucks, bicycles and people cross the Brooklyn Bridge every day.

 

A The great linking bridge.

В  The bridges in England.

C Roebling family of the bridge constructors.

D The characteristics and history of the Golden Gate Bridge.

E The bridges building procedure.

F The great suspension bridge.

G Bridges in our life.

H The longest bridge of the 19-th century.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-10) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

THE THREE PURSES

A Legend by William S. Walsh

When Saint Nicholas was Bishop of Myra, there were among his people three beautiful maidens, daughters of a nobleman. Their father was so poor that he could not afford to give them dowries, and as in that land no maid might marry without a dowry, so these three maidens could not wed the youths who loved them.

At last the father became so very poor that he no longer had money with which to buy food or clothes for his daughters, and he was overcome by shame and sorrow. As for the daughters they wept continually, for they were both cold and hungry.

One day Saint Nicholas heard of the sad state of this noble family. So at night, when the maidens were asleep, and the father was watching, sorrowful and lonely, the good saint took a handful of gold, and, tying it in a purse, set off for the nobleman’s house. Creeping to the open window he threw the purse into the chamber, so that it fell on the bed of the sleeping maidens.

The father picked up the purse, and when he opened it and saw the gold, he rejoiced greatly, and awakened his daughters. He gave most of the gold to his eldest child for a dowry, and thus she was enabled to wed the young man whom she loved.

A few days later Saint Nicholas filled another purse with gold, and, as before, went by night to the nobleman’s house, and tossed the purse through the open window. Thus the second daughter was enabled to marry the young man whom she loved.

Now, the nobleman felt very grateful to the unknown one who threw purses of gold into his room and he longed to know who his benefactor was and to thank him. So the next night he watched beneath the open window. And when all was dark, lo! good Saint Nicholas came for the third time, carrying a silken purse filled with gold, and as he was about to throw it on the youngest maiden’s bed, the nobleman caught him by his robe, crying:—

’Oh, good Saint Nicholas! why do you hide yourself thus?’

And he kissed the saint’s hands and feet, but Saint Nicholas, overcome with confusion at having his good deed discovered, begged the nobleman to tell no man what had happened.

Thus the nobleman’s third daughter was enabled to marry the young man whom she loved; and she and her father and her two sisters lived happily for the remainder of their lives.

 

6 Who was Saint Nicholas?

A a king

В a priest

C a teacher

D a shop keeper

7 In that land a maiden couldn’t marry without...

A a father

В a house

C a dowry

D a mother

The daughter of the nobleman ... constantly.

A smiled

В talked

C cried

D sang

9 Saint Nicholas decided to help poor family giving them... .

A a work

В husbands

C a new house

D gold

10 The father gave the first purse with gold to... .

A to his older daughter

В to his second daughter

C to his third daughter

D to poor children

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

11 This spring I paid a visit to a beautiful place together with my parents. It is one on the most ancient park-museums in Ukraine. I mean the national recreation of Sofiivka. So I am going to tell about this place and my excursion there/

12 The world knows many masterpieces of landscape gardening. But speaking about the Sofiyivka we can say it is one of the most beautiful among them. Few works of landscape architecture we can meet in the amount of legends and romantic stories connected with dark alleys and heaps of rocks. They speak to those who know how to look and to listen. Our guide, a man of about thirty, started with the history of the museum. The whole group was listening with the interest.

13 Once upon a time in the late 18th century, there lived a Polish Count named Stanislav Potocki, who had many lands and serfs in central Ukraine. It was in Yasi that he met his future wife Sofiya, the beautiful daughter of a poor Greek merchant. Sofiya’s mother sent her daughter to Warsaw to find a rich husband. But she got married to a Russian officer and came to Ukraine. Returning to Ukraine, Stanislav decided to embody his love for Sofiya in the park that still stands to this day, but which he never saw completed.

14 Sofiyivka park covers 45 hectares; it was not easy to build it. There was used the art of its time, and the design of the landscape was nice enough. We walked along an alley leading to an elegantly constructed Flora Pavilion. Swans and monuments of kissing couples could be seen on a pond. Then there was the beautiful Snake fountain, whose waters washed the surrounding grounds. The atmosphere is that of a romantic fairytale.

15 Behind the Flora Pavilion lies the Valley of the Giants. Huge megaliths located in beautiful settings make visitors feel the power of nature.

16 There is the river Styx, 224 meters long. Taking a boat from the Dead Lake, one floats through complete darkness, with the exception of four windows in the granite ceiling: Childhood, Youth, Adulthood and Death.

 

A The place near the sea.

В The place where big stones lie.

C The River of the dead.

D Visiting the recreation.

E The story of the park.

F My attitude to the park.

G Masterpieces of landscape gardening.

H Beautiful places in the park.

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Ecology is one of the most important sciences now as the world is in great danger, the danger of death. The rate of the pollution of the surrounding environment is so high that the scientists think it will soon lead to (17) ________________ . One of the main problems now is the progressing disappearing of many animal species all over the world. Fauna is the vital part of the environment and has the function not only of being food and fur but of being (18) ________________ . Animals are not less important than people in nature.

Animals are the part of so called wild nature. They used to survive in very hard conditions because of their well developed senses. They used to kill what is quite natural as most of them are predators. They are very strong creatures, but can you imagine they are helpless against people with their new technologies. The fact is that animals became the object of use for people and what is the saddest they became (19) ________________.

All over the world we can observe so called zoos where we have the possibility to see (20) ________________ . The whole families come with their children to have a fun there. They can walk around and watch animals in the cages, look into their sad and lonely eyes. Do people like suffering so much? They just don’t think about (21) ________________, they just have a fun watching those strange creatures being caged. In extreme danger there are monkeys now. They are the main actors of a circus and a funny inhabitants of a zoo. Children like them most of all, they are so nice. But if only children can read all the pain in the eyes of a monkey, they would simply cry. Not only monkeys like freedom, all the animals do.

The conditions under which animals are used in a zoo are often terrible. But if the conditions are the best in the world each of us would die in the cage. Animals also have different diseases and they suffer of it too. But people all over the world try to help animals in cages. They fight against illegal exploitation of animals especially of rare ones. People organize various groups and companies which cure and protect our little brothers. (22) ________________ is famous all over the world for its activity in this field.

 

A the problems of the animals

В  The Green Peace organization

C its orange color

D the object of fun

E a bright decoration of the world around us

F a global catastrophe

G the sad state of this noble family

H different rare members of animal world

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

I do not think it possible for many people (23) ________________ the age of six to be able to predict their future with any accuracy. However, at that age I felt confident enough to inform my mother that I intended (24) ________________ my own zoo and moreover, I added, I would give her a cottage in the grounds to live (25) ________________. If my mother had been an American parent, she (26) ________________ me to the nearest psychiatrist; however, being fairly phlegmatic, she merely said she thought that it (27) ________________ lovely and promptly forgot (28) ________________. She should have been warned since, (29) ________________ the age of two, I (30) ________________ matchboxes and my pockets with a wide variety of the smaller fauna that came (31) ________________ my way, so the progress from a matchbox to a zoo could have been predicted. It is nice to record though that, before she died, I had fulfilled my promise and (32) ________________ her to live in my zoo, not in a cottage but in a manor house.

(Gerald Durrell)

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

in

since

at

from

24

on having

that I would have

to have

having

25

in

at

by

26

must have rushed

would have rushed

should probably have rushed

would probably have rushed

27

would be

was going to be

had been

was to be

28

all about

all about it

about

29

at

since

about

from

30

was filling

have filled

filled

had been filling

31

on

by

at

32

taking

have taken

taken

take

 

TASK 6

 

For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Papyrus, a sedge (Cyperus papyrus), now almost extinct in Egypt but so universally used there in antiquity as to be the hieroglyphic symbol for Lower Egypt and a common motif in art. The roots (33) ________________ as fuel; the pith (34) ________________. The stem (35) for sandals, boats, twine, boxes, mats, sails, cloth and most notably as a writing material (used in Egypt until the introduction of paper there in the 8th century and exported throughout the Mediterranean world). This writing mate­rial, which also (36) ________________ papyrus, (37) ________________ into sheets by laying lengthwise slices of the sedge side by side in two layers at right angles and (38) ________________ them together with an adhesive probably (39) ________________ of their own juices and Nile water. The sheets (40) ________________ end to end and rolled on wooden rods to form manuscripts. Many examples (41) ________________, especially in Egypt, and have created valuable literary and his­torical matter in Greek and other languages. The science of papyrology (42) ________________ with the study of these documents. Papyrus is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Cyperaceae.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

was used

were used

use

used

34

eat

ate

eaten

was eaten

35

was employed

employ

to be employed

employed

36

be called

was called

call

called

37

form

formed

was formed

were formed

38

to press

pressed

pressing

press

39

compose

composed

composing

be composed

40

were glued

glue

glued

was glued

41

was recovered

recovered

have been recovered

recover

42

was concerned

concerned

concern

is concerned

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Compare two of your friends in the written form using the plan below.

1. The difference in both friends’ appearance.

2. Common and different features of their characters.

3. Their likes and dislikes.

3.1. The clothing style.

3.2. The tastes in music and films.

3.3. Hobbies.

4. Compare their attitude to studying.

5. Compare their achievements.

Write at least 100 words.

 

ВАРІАНТ 11

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Make choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

HOW TO CHOOSE FRIENDS

There is nothing better than being surrounded by good friends. You may look at some people and their friends with envy as they chat away happily and participate in activities together. It may be hard to figure out where to start in your search for good friends. There are many things to keep in mind when choosing people to consider as friends.

Instructions

1.________________________

Join a group or class that meets for activities such as biking, bird watching, scrap-booking or aerobics.

2.________________________ .

Trust is a big part of working relationships. Make sure that the people you are considering as friends are people you that want to know more intimate details of your life.

3 ._______________________ .

Groups of friends have similar interests but also have qualities that make up for traits that others in the group do not have.

4________________________ .

Just because someone is nice and has similar interests as you do does not mean you have to be their friend. Friendships take time and effort, they are an investment.

5________________________ .

Make sure that you do not waste your energies on half-hearted or fair-weather friends. The friends you choose can enrich your life or take you on a negative roller-coaster of time and feelings.

 

A Choose friends that make you feel and be your best.

В  Choose a friend that gives and takes in the relationship as much as you do.

C Invest wisely.

D Find people with similar interests as you.

E Be picky.

F Do not disclose too much personal information immediately.

G Surround yourself with positive people.

H Look for personalities that compliment you own.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

BETHANY HAMILTON

Bethany Hamilton was bom in Hawaii. She lived with her parents and two brothers, Noah and Timmy. Both of her parents were surfers who moved to Hawaii from the continental United States for the surfing opportunities. Hamilton was taught how to surf by her parents and, in her book, says that she couldn’t have done it without support from her brothers. Her surfing abilities progressed very quickly. She entered two of her first major surfing competitions at the age of eight, taking first places in both.

With dreams of a career as a surfer, Hamilton began competing more seriously at the age of nine. She won the 1999 Haleiwa Menehune Championships 23rd annual conTest. In February 2000, she placed 1st at the Volcom Puffer Fish conTest. She picked up a sponsor, Rip Curl, who aided her with her plans of becoming a professional surfer.

On October 31, 2003, Hamilton went for a morning surf along Tunnels Beach, Kauai with friend Alana Blanchard, and Blanchard’s father and brother. Around 7:30 a.m., she was lying on her surfboard with her left arm dangling in the water, when a 14 ft tiger shark attacked her, ripping her left arm off just below the shoulder. If the shark had bitten two inches further in, the attack would have been fatal. Hamilton had lost almost 60% of her blood that morning. Her friends helped paddle her back to shore, and rushed her to hospital. Her dad was supposed to have a knee surgery that morning but she took his place in the operating room. She then spent seven more days in recovery at the hospital.

Despite the trauma of the incident, Hamilton was determined to return to surfing. Less than one month after the incident, she returned to her board and went surfing again. Initially, she adopted a board that was longer and slightly thicker which made it easier to paddle. After teaching herself to surf with one arm, she has again begun surfing competitively. She is now back to using competitive performance short-boards again.

In July 2004 Hamilton won the ESPY Award for Best Comeback Athlete of the Year. She was presented with a special courage award at the 2004 Teen Choice Awards. In 2005, with one arm, Hamilton took 1st place in the NSSA National Championships, a goal she had been trying to achieve since before the shark attack. In 2008, she began competing full-time on the Association of Surfing Professionals (ASP) World Qualifying Series (WQS). In her first competition against many of the world’s best women surfers, she finished 3rd.

 

6. Bethany learned to surf

A with the help of her parents

В with the help of her family

C herself

D with the help of her brothers

7. Bethany took part in her first important competitions

A when she was nine

В when she was eight

C at the age of ten

D at the age of eleven

8. Haleiwa Menehune Championships takes place...

A every month

В every year

C every five years

D every February

9. The shark attacked Bethany

A when she was taking part in the competitions

В when she was teaching her friend Alana Blanchard to surf

C when she was resting on the board

D when she was surfing with Blanchard’s father and brother

10. ... rushed her to hospital.

A Her dad

В Her brothers

C Her friends

D Her friend’s father

11. Bethany started to surf again .... after the accident.

A less than one month

В more than a year

C less than a year

D more than a month


TASK 3

 

Read the passages below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet

FIVE WAYS TO BE A BETTER FATHER

12._________________________

Whether you’re the primary parent or not, you are the one in charge of formally disciplining the kids. You decide and administer all punishment. As a result, the kids love and fear you. You know and understand that discipline is an important part of development for your kids, so you try to teach them responsibility, justice and accountability.

13.__________________________

You are the one in the middle between your kids and each other and/or your kids and mum. It is your job to resolve conflicts within the home. Being a man, this is not always easy, as it requires lots of em­pathy and excellent listening skills. It is frustrating, though, to deal with the same problems over and over again. Your goal is to achieve peace and harmony in the family, as well as encouraging everyone to play nice.

14__________________________

This is often a fun way to connect and see your kids interact in a group setting. You gain great satis­faction by teaching them to share, compete and achieve goals. You like to see your kids participate in competitive activities (and win), although you are proud of them for doing their best whether they win or lose. The strategies you use often spill over into the home.

15__________________________

You are the master repair man of the home. You enjoy helping your kids, and it gives you great satisfac­tion to see the look on their face when you hand them a repaired toy. You like to teach the kids how to be industrious and useful. They learn a lot of handy skills from you. At times, you may feel like you struggle to find other ways to connect with them on a personal level.

16__________________________

You are the kind of dad who spends a lot of time making sure the house is ’baby-proofed’ and all things potentially harmful are secure and out of reach. You tell your kids often about the dangers in the world, and you assure them that you won’t let anything bad happen. Your family knows they can count on your for security and protection. You feel good about creating a safe environment for the kids, but it’s hard for you to let go and allow them to make mistakes on their own.

Which father is:

A The Outdoorsman

В  The Coach

C The Deaf Ear

D The Fixer

E The Tech Guy

F The Protector

G The Enforcer Dad

H The Referee

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one that best fits each space (17-22), There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate sheet paper.

TRAVELLER’S TIPS - BEST OF BRITISH

It’s funny that the meteorological term best known to the British layman is ’a depression’. Given that depressions characterize so much of our weather, even a forecaster might think that’s fair enough, and rather appropriate too. We all know the familiar welcome that greets us (17) __________________ . You board the plane in bright sunshine and fly home through peerless blue skies. Then, as you approach home, the plane de­scends through a thick carpet of cloud; underneath it’s all unceasing grey (18) __________________.

Unceasing grey and drizzle? Yet monotonous is exactly (19) __________________. We have the pure, blind luck to live in a maritime climate which never stops surprising. More than one maritime climate, in fact, (20) __________________ — namely Arctic, Polar, Tropical and Returning Polar. Add to that the two Continental air streams — Polar and Tropical - and it’s a complex, volatile picture. No wonder that we have such a highly developed forecasting network. And no wonder that we’re a nation of obses­sives: (21) __________________?

It all makes travelling around Britain a risky business. A romantic weekend in the Lake District can be a wash-out and Brighton isn’t much fun in the pouring rain. The trick is to be flexible in when you go: (22) __________________ — high pressure is generally A Good Thing — before heading off for that weekend. Of course, this tip doesn’t hold good for Bank Holidays.

 

A what British weather isn’t

В  as four of the six major air streams that dictate our weather are Maritime

C wait until there’s a nice stable weather system

D when we return from whatever sunny paradise we’ve been visiting

E have some of Britain’s finest scenery

F and drizzle and you’d never know the blue was up there.

G but they receive a frighteningly high proportion of the rainfall

H where else would tens of thousands of people tune into the shipping forecast for pleasure

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASKS 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Inkheart is a fantasy film directed by Iain Softley and starring Brendan Fraser, Eliza Bennett, Paul Bettany and Helen Mirren. It is (23) __________________ on the novel with the same name by Cornelia Funke. The film was (24) __________________ on 12 December 2008 in the UK and 23 January 2009 in the US.

The story begins with Mortimer “Mo” Folchart and his wife Resa reading the fairy tale “Little Red Riding Hood” to their (25) __________________ daughter Meggie. As Mo reads the story, a red velvet hood appears. A narrator explains that people known as “Silver Tongues” are born with the gift that (26) __________________ they read a story aloud, their elements come into reality, and that some are completely (27) __________________ of their gifts.

Flash forward 12 years into the future, Mo and Meggie are (28) __________________ the European countryside in their van for a book for which Mo has been (29) __________________ years. He has come to learn of his gift, and nine years (30) __________________, Resa had vanished, much to the distress of her extended family. Hearing the calling of books from a bookstore one day, Mo, a (31) __________________ book repairer, leaves Meggie outside and ventures inside after being offered to browse the shelves. He finds the book “Inkheart” in the (32) __________________ and is overwhelmed with a mixture of fear and joy.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

founded

made

based

produced

24

freed

produced

released

created

25

teenage

infant

adolescent

underage

26

everywhere

whenever

wherever

whatever

27

unknown

known

aware

unaw'are

28

trolling

strolling

wandering

striding

29

looking at

looking after

looking for

looking out

30

later

prior

soon

past

31

decent

presumed

reputed

notorious

32

shelves

reserve

supply

stock

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

THE LEGEND OF THE RICE

In the days when the earth was young and all things were (33) __________________ than they now are, when men and women were stronger and of greater beauty, and the fruit of the trees was larger and sweeter than that which we now eat, rice, the food of the people, was of (34) __________________ grain. One grain was all a man could eat; and in (35) __________________ early days, such, too, was the merit of the people, they never (36) __________________ gathering the rice, for, when ripe, it fell from the stalks and rolled into the villages, even unto the granaries. And upon a year when the rice was larger and (37) __________________ than ever before, a widow said to her daughter “Our granaries are too small. We (38) __________________ them down and build larger. ” When the old granaries (39) __________________ down and the new one not yet ready for use, the rice was ripe in the fields. Great haste (40) __________________, but the rice came rolling in where the work was going on, and the widow,__________________________________________________ angered, struck a grain and cried, “Could you not wait in the fields until we were ready? You (41) __________________ us now when you are not wanted.” The rice broke into thousands of pieces and said “From_ this____________________________________________________ time____________________________________________________ forth, we will wait in the fields until we are wanted,” and from that time the rice (42) __________________ of small grain, and the people of the earth must gather it into the granary from the fields.

 

 

A

В

C

I)

33

good

best

better

the better

34

largest

the larger

larger

the largest

35

these

those

that

this

36

had to toil

has to toil

has toiled

had toiled

37

plentifuller

more plentiful

most plentiful

the most plentiful

38

would pull

will be pulling

will pull

would be pulling

39

were pulled

pulled

had pulled

was pulled

40

made

was made

had been made

has been made

41

should not bother

may not bother

cannot bother

mustn’t bother

42

had been

were

was

has been

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write (100-120 words) about the newspapers or magazines you and your family read.

Include the information:

- what sort of newspapers or magazines you prefer;

- why you enjoy reading these newspapers or magazines;

- what information you usually expect to find in them;

- what advice you can get from press.

 

ВАРІАНТ 12

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Make choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT GIFT

1._________________________ .

Playing Secret Santa to a co-worker you don’t know well can be tricky, and buying a gift for that special someone after you’ve just started dating is no picnic. Even buying a gift for mom and dad can be a chore. After all, you’ve been exchanging gifts with them for years, and nothing’s going to top your elementary school handiwork in their eyes. Fortunately, there are a few simple things you can do to hone in on the perfect gift no matter who the recipient might be.

2._________________________ .

When it comes to gift-giving, it really is the thought that counts. A great gift demonstrates that you’ve given some thought to a person and his or her interests. If you’re not sure where to start, try the following:

3__________________________ :

The best gifts are the most thoughtful gifts. Consider the person on your list. What does he or she like? What will make that person feel like he or she is appreciated and not just a holiday chore to cross off a list? Consider the following areas of interest: Films, Books, Music, Travel, Food, Hob­bies, Sports, etc.

4__________________________ :

Check out the gift recipient’s MySpace or Facebook page. Does the person have an Amazon wish list or Netflix queue? Snoop around to find out what he or she likes.

5__________________________ :

If you’re playing Secret Santa and don’t know what to give, ask the person’s closest friends and colleagues what he or she might like.

 

A Go snooping online.

В  Make Your Gift.

C Understand that gift-giving isn’t an easy thing.

D Do Cool Things with Photos.

E Find out what the person is interested in.

F Pay attention.

G Brainstorm Gift Ideas.

H Ask a third party.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

ALBRECHT DURER

Durer was born on 21 May 1471, third child and second son of his parents, who had between fourteen and eighteen children. His father was a successful goldsmith, originally named Ajtysi, who in 1455 had moved to Nuremberg from Hungary.

Durer’s godfather was Anton Koberger, who left goldsmithing to become a printer and publisher in the year of Diirer’s birth. He quickly became the most successful publisher in Germany, eventually owning twenty- four printing-presses and having many offices in Germany and abroad. His most famous publication was the Nuremberg Chronicle, published in 1493 in German and Latin editions. It contained an unprecedented 1,809 woodcut illustrations.

After a few years of school, Durer started to learn the basics of goldsmithing and drawing from his father. Though his father wanted him to continue his training as a goldsmith, he showed such a precocious talent in drawing that he started as an apprentice to a leading artist whose name was Wolgemut at the age of fifteen in 1486. A self-portrait, a drawing in silverpoint, is dated 1484 (Albertina, Vienna) “when I was a child,” as his later inscription says. Wolgemut was the leading artist in Nuremberg at the time, with a large workshop producing a variety of works of art, in particular woodcuts for books. Nuremberg was then an important and prosperous city, a centre for publishing and many luxury trades. It had strong links with Italy, especially Venice, a relatively short distance across the Alps.

 

6. Dtirer’s family comes from ...

A Asia

В Europe

C America

D Australia

7. When Albrecht Durer was born, his godfather was

A a goldsmith

В a publisher

C an illustrator

D an apprentice

8. Nuremberg Chronicle was famous for

A the quality of publication

В the number of languages it was translated into

C the wonderful portraits it contained

D publishing the drawings never existed before

9. Durer started to learn the basics of goldsmithing and drawing

A from his school teachers

В from a leading artist

C from his siblings

D from his father

10. Diirer created his self portrait, a drawing in silverpoint,

A when he was a child

В when he was a teenager

C when he studied at school

D when he was a leading artist

11. At that time Nuremberg ...

A was a rich and successful city

В was a centre of fashion

C was known for its architecture

D had strong links with many countries

 

TASK 3

 

Read the passages below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet

TOP FIVE CHILDREN’S BOOKS

12. _________________________

This children’s book is about the tragic fate of the imaginary town of Chewandswallow. It’s a place where there are no grocery stores, because all the food the people ever need falls from the sky! But the people of Chewandswallow soon find out that there really can be too much of a good thing. From gigantic meatball storms to tomato tornadoes, the weather just keeps getting worse, until the townsfolk are forced to make a difficult decision.

13._________________________

This delightful book tells the story of a tattered, stuffed teddy bear named Corduroy. He explores his surroundings at night as he waits in the department store for someone to come and buy him. At the end, the lonely bear gets a new home, a new friend, and a new button for his overalls.

14._________________________

This is a wonderful book to read to children as old as six or seven, but it’s also a great book to read to a baby. The text is simple, the story is about a caterpillar’s transformation into a butterfly. The story itself is only 14 quick pages long. The artwork, however, will have parents and children alike adoring the pages for much longer.

15._________________________

This could be the one children’s book that everyone remembers clearly from their childhood. It is certainly a classic. Written in the characteristically zany rhyming verse style that made Dr Suess one of the best loved children’s writers of all time, this book is illustrated in full color artwork that is, well, a little creepy, but also one of the many things Dr Suess fans love about his work.

16._________________________

This just might be the very best children’s book to read at bedtime. The illustrations are beautiful, but they are rendered in a way that makes each scene look like a bedroom that is dark and ready to be slept in. The text is intentionally repetitive, and is one child’s nightly ritual of saying goodnight to everything he can see. This is a great book for a child who needs calm, quiet, and minimal distractions at bedtime.

 

Which book:

A has lines that can be listened again and again.

В  only takes a couple of minutes to read aloud.

C is about a cute toy character that finds a new friendly home.

D is written in a form of comic poems.

E is too scary for the kids to read at bedtime

F tells about an imaginary place where people have a bad destiny.

G tells about a boy who has an incredibly bad day

H is about an imaginative little boy who colors his world exactly the way he wants it.

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one that best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate sheet paper.

WHAT IS ACID RAIN?

Acid rain is a result of air pollution. When any type of fuel is burnt, (17) __________________. The smoke that comes from a fire or the fumes that come out of a car exhaust don’t just contain the sooty grey particles that you can see — (18) __________________.

Power stations, factories and cars all burn fuels they also contains lots of invisible gases (19) __________________. Some of these gases (especially nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide) react with the tiny droplets of water in clouds to form sulphuric and_____________________________________________________ nitric acids. The rain from these____________________________________________________ clouds then falls as very weak acid — (20) __________________. The release of sulphur dioxide can also occur naturally when a volcano erupts.

Acid rain can be carried great distances in the atmosphere, not just between countries but also from continent to continent. The acid can also take the form of snow, mists and dry dusts. The rain sometimes falls many miles from the source of pollution but wherever it falls (21) __________________. In the 1970s the effects of acid rain were seen at their worst.

Forests all over the world are dying, in Scandinavia the fish are dying; lakes were crystal clear (22) __________________. Many of Britain’s freshwater fish are threatened, their eggs are damaged and deformed, fish are being hatched. This in turn leads to fish-eating birds and animals also being affected.

 

A it can have a serious effect on soil, trees, buildings and water.

В  acid rain can cause trees to grow more slowly.

C seems to have more effect in some areas than it does in others.

D but now contain no living creatures or plant life.

E that is why it is known as “acid rain”.

F that can be even more harmful to our environment.

G and therefore they all produce polluting gases.

H lots of different chemicals are produced.

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

TRAVEL STORIES ALTIPLANO ADVENTURES

In just under three weeks Brett (partner/husband), Ryan (20-year-old son) and I travelled (23) __________________ three countries, flew on six different planes, walked up to (24) __________________ of 4,300m and had the experience of a lifetime.

We arrived in Buenos Aires, capital of Argentina, and (25) __________________ we were impressed by the architecture, (26) __________________ we found Buenos Aires a (27) __________________, dirty, bleak and depressing city.The fact that we were stuck at Buenos Aires Airport on the way to____________ Bolivia for hours and hours during the night after a (28) __________________ flight with no announcements in English and no boards to let us know what was happening could be forgiven....nearly! But the fact that we were nearly stuck there again on our way home because Aerolines decided to (29) __________________ our flight to Australia by two hours with no notice threw panic into our hearts. To be stuck in Buenos Aires for up to (30) __________________ week with no money, no accommodation and the expense of the Argentinian peso matched to the US dollar was unforgivable!

We had a couple of days in Buenos Aires before moving on. Buenos Aires, like New York, never shuts down. Traffic goes all night. Drivers sit with hands (31) __________________ glued to horns. Food in BA is delicious — and heaps of it. As stated before, fabulous architecture but most buildings need restoring. The Retiro, Buenos Aires’s main railway station, for example, has a net attached to the roof, to catch the masonry falling off it. After spending more days in Buenos Aires than we should’ve we flew an antiquated 737 into Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Slept all the way due to no sleep the night before and still (32) __________________ from Australia.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

over

cross

through

above

24

elevations

altitudes

eminences

hills

25

otherwise

however

moreover

although

26

overall

general

particularly

together

27

miserable

grimy

cold

dismal

28

forbidden

corrected

cancelled

closed

29

bring up

bring out

bring about

bring forward

30

other

another

others

the other

31

permanently

lastly

temporarily

eventually

32

long-legged

three-legged

jet-black

jet-lagged

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (A, В, C or D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

When the first Harry Potter movie (33) __________________ ten years ago, it was a perfect (34) __________________ movie. But over the years the movies, (35) __________________ the books, (36) __________________ more and more grown up. (37) __________________ film in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly____________________________________________ Hallows, is so dark and scary that the little ones might want to stay at home, or (38) __________________ cover their eyes.

This is (39) __________________ part of a two-part finale for the series. In the film, Harry has to find and destroy mysterious dark objects (40) __________________ as Horcruxes, which (41) __________________ Lord Voldemort his power. The only problem is that Harry has no idea (42) __________________ the Horcruxes are, where to find them, or how to destroy them. Find out if Devan and Dale plan to go Horcrux- hunting with Harry.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

had come out

has come out

came out

have come out

34

kid’s

kids

kid

kids’

35

as

so

same

like

36

has become

have become

became

had become

37

The newest

Newest

Newer

The newer

38

at last

at least

finally

eventually

39

first

one

the first

ones

40

know

knew

known

have known

41

give

gives

gave

given

42

when

what

which

how

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write an essay (100-120 words) and put the case for and against on the topic: "Can man and society live in harmony with nature?"

 

ВАРІАНТ 13

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Make choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

HOW TO CHOOSE A GOOD BOOK

You love reading, and you’re dying to get your hands on a book. But you’ve read all your books four times, and are tired of the same ones. You’re planning to go to the library, but don’t know what kind of book to get. Here’s how to choose:

1. ________________________ :

- What kind of books do you like?

- What authors do you like? Research books by authors you’ve enjoyed in the past. Chances are they’ll have another publication that you’ll also enjoy.

- Is there a type of book, or a specific book you would like to try?

- Are there any books in a certain series you would like to read?

- What are your interests? Insert your hobbies into your library catalogue search and set it to, “Keyword.”

2.________________________ .

You can ask your older sibling, your mom, your dad, your best friend, or even your English teacher. Friends or family with whom you have things in common can often make excellent book recommenda­tions. Local, small bookstores often have wonderful recommendations, and when they get to know you, it’s even better!

3.________________________ .

Read the bestseller lists published in most newspapers or weekly magazines. Find out which new books are making headlines, and why.

4.________________________ .

He/she will be happy to help you. He she will show you the shelves with the book you need.

5.________________________ .

If you see anything that looks appealing, pick it up and read the back of the book. Skim over the back of the book or the inside flap, wherever the summary is. If that holds your attention, read the first page or so. If it still holds your attention, then it’s probably a good book for you. The subject might be inter­esting to you, but the writing style can be key to enjoying it. If it looks interesting, put it in your pile. Keep doing this until you have a few books.

 

A Search your house.

В  Read book reviews in newspapers and magazines.

C Join a book club.

D See if the library or bookstore has computers.

E Skim through the shelves in the section you’re interested in.

F Ask the librarian or book seller about the location of the books you’re looking for.

G Make a list answering these questions.

H Ask someone to recommend a good book.


TASK 2

 

Read the text below, For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (A, B, C,D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

THE GROWTH OF TEENAGERS AS A MARKET FORCE IN 1950’S SOCIETY

Until 1950 the term teenagers had never before been coined. Children were known as girls and boys were known as youths once they displayed signs of puberty. Then young people were grown up at 18 and fully adult legally at 21 when they often married and set up a home of their own, even if it was a rented room. Getting married was a way of showing the adult world that you belonged to their world and was a way of escape from puberty.

During the 1950s a range of influences including films, television, magazines and the rock music scene created a new market grouping called teenagers. Teens made themselves known. A sudden flurry of consumer goods denied to war torn Europe were available and a consumer boom was actively encouraged.

These single young people with cash from paid work soon had their own fashions, own music, own cafes, own milk bars and by the end of the decade even their own transport in the form of fuelled scooters. Teenagers suddenly dominated style in clothes, haircuts and even travel abroad. A generation gap began to emerge between parents and teen offsprings. It seemed almost unholy at the time and was viewed as rebel­lious, but compared to later anti-fashion and anarchic movements it was all rather innocent.

American influence on European teenagers was huge. Rock and Roll idols including Elvis Presley, Bill Hayley, Jerry Lee Lewis and film stars James Dean and Marlon Brando set fashions almost unwittingly. The main looks for teenagers were greasers and preppies.

Greasers followed the standard black leather and denim jeans look set by Marlon Brando in “The Wild One” (1953) and later emulated in the 1978 film called “Grease”. They raced about town on motorbikes and were consider outrageous.

Preppie qualities were neatness, tidiness and grooming. Teen girls wore full dirndl or circular skirts with large appliquits on their clothing. Neat pleated skirts were also popular. The pleated skirts were made from a then new fabric called TERYLENE (polyester) which helped maintain razor sharp sunray pleating.

The skirts were supported by bouffant paper nylon or net petticoats. On top, teens wore scoop neck blouses, back to front cardigans, tight polo necks or three quarter sleeve white fitting shirts often with a scarf knotted cowboy fashion at the side neck. These teen clothing fashions that originated in America, filtered to Britain in watered down fashion.

 

6. The word puberty is close in meaning to ...

A ripe

В marriage

C maturity

D adulthood

7. What influenced the formation of a new teenage grouping?

A Films, television, magazines and the rock music

В Films, radio, magazines and the rock music

C Travels, radio, magazines and the rock music

D Travels, radio, newspapers and the rock music

8. The teens made themselves known ...

A at the end of the twentieth century

В in the middle of the twentieth century

C at the beginning of the twenty-first century

D at the beginning of the twentieth century

9. During the after war years the teens ...

A had no cash to buy goods

В sewed fewer clothes

C bought as many clothes as they could afford

D didn’t have money to buy new outfits

10. Misunderstanding between teens and their parents ...

A was not easily controlled or kept in place

В no longer existed

C didn’t occur

D wasn’t a problem

11. European teenagers ...

A influenced American teenagers

В were known to set fashion trends

C were new teen clothing fashion idols

D were influenced by American idols

 

TASK 3

 

Read the passages below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

MOST UNUSUAL BUILDINGS

12._________________________ _

Here’s a building that should really get your attention when walking past it. The Dancing House is con­sidered as one of the most real controversial buildings in Prague. The DH was actually designed by a great architect from California, which only proves that he had done some type of hallucinogen while designing it.

13.________________________

The Bank of Asia is a very famous building in Bangkok. It was made way back in 1985, and its robotic appearance is just a symbol of the modernization of banking. It also has the ability to transform into a mega­robot. So, if Godzilla ever decided to show his green face in the land of Bangkok, they would have to fight!

14. _________________________

If you saw this picture for the first time, you’d probably thought that it was hit by a massive earthquake. But it wasn’t. In true fashion of the Ripley Legacy, it was built to reflect the odd 1812 earthquake that mea­sured 8.0 on the rick. The building has now become one of the most photographed in the world because of it.

15. _________________________

This somewhat modernized building was actually built between 1971 and 1974. Its unique design gives the Wilson Hall a great sense of structure, and a prominent landmark for the skyline. The building provides big laboratories, offices, and supports space for over 1500 scientists. And it houses all kinds of strange experiments.

16._________________________

This bizarre house really doesn’t have an official name, but it does have a 135 degree angle. So that’s what we’tc going to call it. Unfortunately, the only info we have about this house is that it was built in China or Japan. And that it has a silly pink roof. And if you look real close, you’ll notice that its on a 135 degree angle.

 

Which building:

A is designed in the shape of a strange creature В is used by the scholars for the research work

C can be changed into a machine able to replicate certain human movements and functions automatically

D has a strange position from which it is viewed

E was designed in Europe by an architecture from another continent

F was found in an unknown place

G was designed as if it survived the natural disaster

H doesn’t have an official name but is famous all over the world

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one that best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate sheet paper.

POACHING

Humans and their ancestors (17) __________________. The agricultural revolution reduced the need for survival hunting in most parts of the world. Hunting has continued, however, for several reasons, and poaching remains a possibility wherever hunting is an important part of the economy or culture.

Animal products, such (18) __________________, are sold to dealers who make clothes, jewelry and other materials from them. In some African and Latin American societies, animals are poached for game meat. In Congo, for example, wild monkey meat is sold in the open market, and in many parts of North America, white-tailed deer is hunted for food.

Some animals have religious value (19) __________________. For example, among the Banyoro, Baganda and Batooro of West and Central Uganda, the king traditionally sits on a leopard skin. Many tribes in Congo consider leopard skin a symbol of magic, and many witch doctors in the region use these skins to show their powers. Many animals are killed for ceremonial purposes, (20) __________________.

Animals are also believed to be a source of local herbs and have medicinal value. For example, it is believed by some Lendu in Eastern Congo that the lion’s liver cures skin diseases, and it is also used as a poison. Mbuti pygmies of Western Uganda and Eastern Congo (21) __________________. Animals in the developing world are also hunted as vermin by communities that leave near forests and game parks. The aim is to kill the animals and stop them from encroaching on farms.

Hunting for sport is also practiced in various nations. Though most of it is controlled, (22) __________________. Many sport hunters keep the animals as trophies.

No matter the reason why an animal is killed, all types of hunting or poaching have led to extinction of species, and if uncontrolled many more animals will become extinct.

 

A are said to use snake poison on their fighting arrows

В  such as cleansing a bad omen, asking gods for rain, etc

C have hunted for over 400,000 years

D resulting in the illegal taking of wildlife

E illegal sport hunting is common in developing countries

F enforce various sanctions on the hunting of wild animals

G as hide, ivory, horn, teeth and bone

H and are used as totems and in witchcraft

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

FEAR

There was a lion who feared (23) __________________ except the crowing of cocks. A chill would go down his spine (24) __________________ he heard a cock crowing.

One day he (25) __________________ his fear to the elephant, who was greatly amused.

“How can the crowing of a cock (26) __________________ you?” he asked the lion. “Think about it!”

Just (27) __________________ a mosquito began circling the elephant’s head, (28) __________________ him out of his wits.

“(29) __________________ it gets into my ear I’m doomed!” he shrieked, (30) __________________ at the insect with his trunk.

Now it was the lion’s (31) __________________ to feel amused.

Moral: If we could see our fears as (32) __________________ see them we would realize that most of our fears make no sense!

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

nothing

anything

something

any

24

whenever

wherever

everywhere

however

25

talked

confessed

said

informed

26

beat

kick

hurt

kill

27

than

after

then

soon

28

afraid

terrific

freezing

frightening

29

If

As soon

Whether

Wherever

30

watering

waving

clubbing

flailing

31

line

queue

chance

turn

32

other

others

the other

another

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

There was a blind girl who hated (33) __________________ just because she was blind. She hated everyone, except her (34) __________________ boyfriend. He was always there for her. She said that if she (35) __________________ only_____ the world, she (36) __________________ her boyfriend. One day, someone donated a pair of eyes to her and then she could see everything, including her boyfriend. Her boyfriend asked her, “Now that you can see the world, (37) __________________ you______________ me?” The girl (38) __________________ when she saw that her boyfriend was blind too, and refused to marry him. Her boyfriend walked away in tears, and later wrote a letter to her (39) __________________. “Just take care of my eyes dear.” this is how human brain changes when the status changed.

Only (40) __________________ remember what life was before, and who’s always been there even in the most painful situations.

Life is a gift. Today before you (41) __________________ of saying an unkind word - think of someone who can’t speak. Before you (42) __________________ about the taste of your food — think of someone who has nothing to eat.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

her

hers

herself

- she

34

loved

loving

lovely

love

35

could... see

can ... see

be able ... to see

could ... seen

36

would marry

will marry

marry

married

37

will ... to marry

would ... married

will ... have married

will ... marry

38

shocked

was shocked

had been shocked

was shocking

39

said

says

saying

having said

40

little

a little

fewer

few

41

will think

think

would think

thought

42

complaining

would complain

complain

will complain

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write a letter to your parents (100-120 words) about the life in the future. Tell them you would like to have a robot of your own.

Prove that

- the robot would make life easier for you;

- the life in the household would become better and more fun.

Give the examples to support your reasons for wanting a robot.

 

ВАРІАНТ 14

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Make choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

HOW TO EVALUATE AND CHOOSE A SCHOOL

Whether parents live in a school district that offers school choice, are changing residences, or have a child entering kindergarten, choosing a school is a complex decision that includes the characteristics of the child, family, and schools.

School quality depends on many characteristics, not all easily measurable, and not all equally important for each individual child or family. Parents may want to consider the following characteristics when evaluat­ing a school.

School characteristics

1._____________________________________________________ .

Parents can read the school’s statement of a guiding principle for behaviour or mission statement and ask about beliefs that guide the school’s program and teaching approaches.

2._____________________________________________________ .

Multi-age grouping, looping, and traditional classrooms offer different advantages, and parents will want to know how the school is organized for teaching. Parents will also want to inquire about average class size at the various grade levels.

3. .

Some basic features that parents can look for include a well-equipped library, a collection of age-appropriate books and periodicals in addition to textbooks in each classroom, a separate lunchroom and auditorium or large classroom for meetings and presentations, and adequate physical education facilities can guarantee higher student achievement.

4. .

Parents will want to find out about the principles of action adopted or proposed by the school related to scheduling (traditional vs. year-round) and programming day (e.g., block, flexible, or traditional scheduling, hours of building operation). Parents will want to examine the school discipline policy to see if the rules seem fair and consequences seem appropriate. Parents will also want to find out about homework and grading policies.

5. .

Parents can ask friends, neighbours, parents, and community leaders about the views of the schooi(s) of interest. After listening to each person’s opinion, parents can decide whether the positive or negative views would apply to their family and children.

 

A School reputation.

В  School policies.

C School safety.

D Curriculum.

E Family and community involvement issues.

F School philosophy.

G School facilities/personnel resources.

H Instructional approaches.

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (A, B, C, D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

NEWS ABOUT ANIMALS

A group of pandas in China are adapting well in their new home after the Wolong Nature Reserve was destroyed in that devastating earthquake. NBC’s Meredith Vieira reports.

The 44-pound stray cat named ’Prince Chunk’ is being adopted by a New Jersey family. Msnbc.corn’s Dara Brown reports.

TODAY’S Meredith Vieira talks to Tom and Allie Harvey, the owners of the zoo where a dog is nursing three tiger cubs abandoned by their mother.

TODAY’S Ann Curry talks to the Villacis family about reuniting with their beagle after he went missing five years ago.

Here’s the beef: Chilli, a cow in England that stands 6-foot-6 and weighs more than a ton. Animal sanctu­ary director Jenny Wheadon introduces Chilli to the TODAY hosts.

Margaritaville” songwriter Jimmy Buffett chats with TODAY’S Meredith Vieira about his new novel, “Swine Not?”

Al talks to the owners of Gracie the cat, and the stranger who found her in a pile of luggage after her accidental flight.

Todd Endris was surfing when he was bitten by a 12- to 15-foot shark, but thanks to a couple of Flippers and a friend he survived. TODAY anchor Meredith Vieira reports.

 

6. A group of pandas are kept in a new home

A for entertainment of the public

В because their population has become rare

C because of a natural disaster

D because their new reserve is being renovated

7. The tigers are being nursed by the dog because their mother

A was killed by the hunters

В was seriously injuried

C ceased to look after them

D D got into a trap

8. The Villacis family reunited with ... that hadn’t been home for five years.

A another member of the family

В their hound

C the pet bird

D their beloved cat

9. The cow that weighs more than a ton is ...

A on the farm in Chili

В in the field in England

C in the TV studio

D in a nature reserve

10. The cat was found

A in a pile of clothes in a washing machine

В in a pile of dishes in a stove

C in a pile of plates in the microwave oven

D in the things containing personal belongings for a journey

11. The surfer survived because ....

A his companions helped him

В the shark was not very big

C he had the flippers

D he had a big surfing board

 

TASK 3

 

Read the passages below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet

TOP FIVE CHILDREN’S MOVIES

12.________________________

This is a classic early school days from 30 years ago. How many children saw it on a Saturday morning, singing a long to the tunes and plenty of them still know the words. Now your grand- children can see it too. Take your children down memory lane with this laTest edition out now. Let your kids take over the remote control and keep rewinding it learning the words to the songs.

13.________________________

The film starts off with Thomas helping to build the brand new Search and Rescue Centre. A special type of wood , called “Jobi wood”, is needed to build it. Diesel tries to take the wood himself, but ends up nearly crashing! Thomas saves him, but all the wood is washed away into the sea. Thomas tries to save it but his raft breaks away from the ship, and he ends up marooned on a place called Misty Island, where he meets three new engines.

14.________________________

There is so much going on in the film, it’s hard to spot everything the first time you watch it. The basic plot is that the monsters are hidden in the closet to scare small children. They do this to provide power to monster city, Monsteropolis. The monsters are as afraid of the kids as much as the kids are of the monsters. Unexpectedly a little baby named “Boo” escapes into the monster world. It is now up to Sulley and his nervous partner Mike to save the baby, put her back where she belongs.

15.________________________

Spongebob lives in a pineapple happily at the bottom of the sea in a city. He has a pet snail called Gary and some of the other members. All the characters are peaceful, loving and friendly. Living two doors down from Spongebob is his best mate, Patrick Star a dumb pink star fish that lives under a rock. Squidward Tentacles, the octopus lives between the two and causes havoc for everyone all around.

16.________________________

It is an interactive type of DVD which children should find fun. It teaches the letter names and sounds in a creative way. Leap Frog bring this to life through wonderful characters like Leap, Lily and Tad who sing their songs and go on adventures into the letter factory. This is then reinforced through the catchy songs which will have parents and toddlers all shouting out the letter’s names.

 

Which movie:

A has been made to be both entertaining for children as well as educational.

В  is about the character who finds himself on an isolated place.

C is about a girl who through a twist of fate meets her best friends.

D is about the creature that causes great confusion or disorder.

E was very popular with by the kids’ grandparents when they were young.

F shows the characters who must overcome various obstacles.

G is about the kid who gets into the world of large, ugly, and frightening imaginary creatures.

H shows the kids who go on a journey to try and rescue their friend putting themselves in danger.

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one that best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate sheet paper.

FUR TRADE

Russian fur had had a long history even before it became an essential part of the world fur market. The ancient Russians used furs in the household — (17) __________________. Fur was an important part of economic activities: pelts of sable, marten, beaver and other fur-bearing animals acted as a currency. One could pay with fur for any kind of goods, (18) __________________. Pelts were levied as sales duties and customs duties, fmes and tributes. There are well known occurrences in Russian history, when valuable furs served as an adjusted form of tribute (19) __________________ . So, for example, in 883 the conqueror “Veschij” Oleg (Oleg the Oracular) levied duties on the drevlyane people of one “black marten” per household.

The other significant use of fur in Russia was as a gift. Princes and barons gave valuable furs (20) __________________. Fur has always been a good present. On solemn and celebratory days the members of the prince families, priests, noble guests and ambassadors of foreign states (21) __________________. The value of the fur was so high, that merchants and noblemen passed on furs as inheritance from one generation to another. Fur was one of the most important parts of the dowry for rich brides.

In the 10th — 11th centuries for Russians fur became an important element of trade-with neighboring countries. And at the same time, not only merchants were selling furs, (22) __________________. In this period Kievan Rus was actively trading furs with countries in the East and Byzantium.

 

A were given fur coats and fur hats as presents,

В  as warm clothing in the cold wintertime and as soft bedding.

C collected from the population.

D were being sold for their fur.

E but also boyars and princes.

F also built trade routes to the countries of Western Europe.

G education or church service.

H as rewards for “good deeds”.

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

CYCLE OF EVIL

There was once a king who was so cruel and unjust that his subjects yearned for his death or dethronement.

(23) __________________, one day he surprised them all by announcing that he had decided to (24) __________________ a new leaf.

“No more cruelty, no more injustice,” he promised, and he was as good as his word. He became known as the ’Gentle Monarch’.

Months after his transformation one of his ministers (25) __________________ enough courage to ask him what had brought about his change of heart, and the king answered:

“As I was galloping through my forests I (26) __________________ of a fox being chased by a hound. The fox escaped into his hole but not before the hound had bitten into its leg and lamed it for life. (27) __________________ I rode into a village and saw the same hound there. It was barking at a man. Even as I watched, the man (28) __________________ a huge stone and flung it at the dog, breaking its leg. The man had not gone far when he was kicked by a horse. His knee was shattered and he fell to the ground, (29) __________________ for life. The horse began to run but it fell into a (30) __________________ and broke its leg. Reflecting on all that had happened, I thought: ’Evil (31) __________________ evil. If I_________________ continue in my evil ways, I will surely be overtaken by evil’. So I decided to change”.

The minister went away (32) __________________ that the time was ripe to overthrow the king and seize the throne. Immersed in thought, he did not see the steps in front of him and fell, breaking his neck.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

Otherwise

However

Moreover

Although

24

turn on

turn off

turn up

turn over

25

plucked up

plucked at

plucked on

plucked in

26

caught up

caught sight

caught breath

caught hold

27

First

Finally

Later

Eventually

28

picked at

picked on

picked out

picked up

29

disabled

beaten

sick

unable

30

hall

whole

hole

hell

31

begets

bears

mothers

forths

32

persuaded

sure

convinced

ready

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

THE LORD KRISHNA AND THE LAPWING’S NEST

It was the battle of Kurukshetra. The white conch shells were about (33) __________________, the elephants to march forward, and the attack of the archers to com­mence. The moment was brief and terrible. Banners (34) __________________, and the charioteers preparing for the advance. Suddenly a little lapwing, who (35) __________________ her nest in the turf of a hillock in the midst of the battlefield, (36) __________________ the attention of the Lord Krishna by her (37) __________________ of anxiety and distress for her young. “Poor little mother!” he said tenderly, “let this (38) __________________ thy protection!” And, lifting a great elephant-bell that (39) __________________ near, he placed it over the (40) __________________ nest. And so, through the eighteen days of raging battle that followed, a lapwing and her nestlings (41) __________________ in safety in their nest, by the mercy of the lord, even in the midst of the (42) __________________ field of Kurukshetra.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

sound

sounded

sounding

to sound

34

flew

were flying

had flown

had been flying

35

had built

built

was building

was built

36

drew

had drawn

has drawn

draws

37

cried

crying

cries

cry

38

to be

be

been

being

39

fell

had fallen

has fallen

fallen

40

lapwings

lapwings’

lapwings’s

lapwing’s

41

were kept

kept

are kept

keeping

42

rage

raging

raged

rages

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write (100-120 words) about the excitement of life in a city.

Mention:

- the places you can visit;

- the sights you can see;

- the entertainment you can have.

 

ВАРІАНТ 15

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Make choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

HOW TO CHOOSE A PET

You are feeling lonely and would like a companion who will be accepting, loyal, and less attractive than you. Where can you find a friend like this? Why, the pet store of course! However, we’re not all animal people and we don’t always have time for a pet. Here’s how you can choose the type of pet that will be best for you. Instructions

1._____________________________________________________ .

If you are allergic to cat dander, you obviously wouldn’t want to get a feline. Afraid of fleas? Dogs and cats often contract them. Scales give you a rash? No cold blooded friends for you.

2._____________________ ___________________________________.

It can take a lot of time and attention to housebreak a puppy or litter train a cat. If you do not have a lot of time for training a pet or cleaning up after one, you may want to choose a species that can be kept in a cage or terrarium.

3._____________________________________________________ .

This isn’t limited to puppy pee or cat puke. Even a fish tank requires some cleaning. If you do not like to clean, you may want to consider a pet rock.

4._____________________________________________________ .

If you would like something that you can talk to that will make minimal noise in return, a fish or turtle may be your best bet. Or of course that rock.

Now that you’ve considered what type of pet you have the time and patience for, narrow down your list to one or two options.

5._____________________________________________________ .

Having a pet doesn’t have to break your bank.

Choose your pet, give it a name, and give it all the tender loving care it deserves.

 

A Find a company that offers additional services such as pet grooming, or training programs.

В  Research pet stores for the best deal.

C Consider any troubles with your health you may have.

D Go to the pet store to familiarize them with the variety of pets.

E Be realistic about how much time you have to devote to a pet.

F Take a long time to decide whether you really want a pet.

G Think about how much you value your quiet time.

H Decide if you can stomach cleaning up your new pets’ little accidents.


TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

RACE TO WITCH MOUNTAIN

Race to Witch Mountain is a science fiction adventure film and a remake of the 1975 fantasy film, Es­cape to Witch Mountain. Both versions of the film are based on the 1968 novel Escape to Witch Mountain by Alexander Key.

Jack Bruno is a cab driver in Las Vegas. One of his passengers is Dr. Alex Friedman, a failed scientist who is giving speeches about legitimate scientific theories of UFOs and outer space.

The next day, Bruno notices two children, Sara and Seth sitting in the back seat of his cab. They tell him they need to go to a certain destination and are willing to pay all they have to get there. They lead him to a house in the middle of nowhere. Meanwhile, Major Henry Burke is searching for information on the two aliens that landed some days earlier.

When they arrive at the house, Bruno follows them out of concern and curiosity. There, the kids retrieve the device they were looking for, contained within alien flora.

When leaving, they are attacked by a “Siphon”, a creature built to destroy a certain target. The Siphon pursues them, until its spaceship crashes into a train, the locomotive is destroyed by an explosion in the rail­road tunnel, and the creature is wounded. The trio eventually find themselves in a small town. The children explain to Bruno that they are aliens from a distant planet, who are sent to Earth by their parents because the government of their dying planet intends to attack and invade Earth so that their kind may live on there. They also explain that the object they obtained at the house contains the results of an experiment which their parents set up. The research from this experiment will save their planet without having to attack and invade Earth. However their planet’s military prefer the idea of invading Earth and sent the Siphon assassin to stop them. They are next pursued by government agencies trying to retrieve the children for experiments.

They are joined by Dr. Friedman at the UFO Expo. With help of one of Dr. Friedman’s friends, the kids discover that their crashed spaceship has been relocated to a government base at Witch Mountain. The group, now including Dr. Friedman, after evading the pursuing government agents, eventually arrive at Witch Mountain. There, the children are captured, along with Bruno and Friedman. The government agents began running Tests to try to discover the secret of their powers in attempt to harness them. The movie ends with the spaceship taking off and returning to their planet.

During the end credits, Bruno and Dr. Friedman are speaking at a UFO convention about their new successful book called “Race to Witch Mountain”. As the couple get into their car and are about to leave, the device the kids gave Bruno activates, implying that they may be returning.

 

6. ... on the book by Alexander Key.

A One version of the film is based

В Two versions of the film are based

C Three different films are based

D A number of films are based

7. Dr. Alex Friedman is ... scientist.

A a talented

В a successful

C an unsuccessful

D an unsure

8. “Siphon”, is ...

A a robot built to kill

В a part of the UFO

C a mechanism in the spaceship

D D a kitchen utensil

9. The spaceship ...

A crashes into a mountain

В causes the accident in the railway tunnel

C destroys the secret base

D kills the aliens from another planet

10. The device they found in the house ...

A is a weapon for explosion

В has a secret information about space

С contains poisonous substances

D can be used for saving Earth and its people

11. Bruno and Dr. Friedman’s cooperation resulted ...

A in releasing a film

В in publishing an interesting book

C in doing a scientific project

D in their leaving into space

 

TASK 3

 

Read the passages below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

FEATURED ADVENTURE TOURS

12.__________________________

Travel the vast spaces of the north-west coast of Australia into the red heart of the outback on this incredible journey from Perth to Darwin. Discover the rugged beauty of the landscape, swim with dolphins, explore gorges and tackle some of the toughest roads in Australia on this adventure to remember.

13._________________________ _

Cambodia offers one of the richest cultural legacies in South East Asia and this trip combines a won­derful contrast with visits to Phnom Penh, the capital, and the spectacular fabled city of Angkor, the eighth wonder of the world. Phnom Penh, once considered one of the most beautiful cities of the Orient, has an exciting feel with reminders of Cambodia’s violent past. We visit the Tuol Sleng Museum, a Testament to the horrific crimes of the Khmer Rouge, before moving on to the killing fields of Choeung Ek.

14._________________________ _

Sarawak — the land of longhouses, tribal culture, wildlife, jungles and rainforest, is a fascinating place to explore. The tour starts and ends in Kuching, with its colourful markets selling exotic spices. We visit Semengoh Orang Utan Sanctuary where orang utans are being rehabilitated back into the wild, and see them being fed. In Bako National Park, we go exploring in search of proboscis and silver leaf monkeys, long-tail macaques and other wildlife.

15._________________________ _

Enjoy the best of Uganda from its super friendly people, to the adrenaline rush of rafting the source of the Nile. See for yourself the lush scenery that inspired Uganda to become known as the ’Pearl of Africa’ and perhaps spend a day helping out on a community volunteer project. The highlight of this tour is the exhilarating trek through the rainforest to get close to the mountain gorillas, the rarest of the apes. This is truly an experience not to be missed!

16.___________________________

From spectacular Victoria Falls, this journey takes you to Chobe National Park in northeast Botswana. Chobe boasts one of the largest concentrations of game in all of Africa and has lush plains and dense forests, as well as various inland lakes and marsh areas. Wildlife is particularly dynamic here. After a thrilling flight into the Okavango Delta, the world’s largest inland delta, you will explore the prolific wildlife in this unique environment.

 

Which tour offers:

A to see endangered animals in the nature preserve

В  hunting for sports or food activities

C to discover a vast desert landscape

D to learn about hidden dynasties of the country;

E the exciting water rides down a river

F to experience life in the bush

G to explore narrow valleys between hills or mountains, typically with steep rocky walls and a stream running through it;

H to explore the untouched beaches and rugged outback terrain

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one that best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate sheet paper.

THE TRUTH ABOUT TRASH

Fifty years ago, not much was being thrown away. Almost everything had a considerably longer life span (17) __________________. What led us to this place of having and wanting so much stuff? Stuff that we literally don’t know what to do with or where to put when we’re done with it.

Shorter life span in your home means more frequent shopping sprees to the store. What could be wrong with that? Growth in America was being driven by a new sense (18) __________________. Paper plates and cups, frozen foods, TV dinners, foil and plastic pouches, aerosol cans, and squeezable tubes were the way of the future, (19) __________________ — especially the housewife’s. Packaging became the new billboard for marketers inside the supermarket. “Miracles in Packaging and Processing are Radically Simplifying U.S. Cooking” is a headline Strasser cites from a 1959 LOOK magazine article. Why spend time cleaning pots and pans and dishes (20) __________________ when you’re done? Easily disposable items offered a new freedom that was quickly linked to the notion of abundance.

From then on, changes in styles and new technologies gave way to new and improved products (21) __________________. “Out with the old and in with the new” became ubiquitous. Once it was put onto the curb as garbage, we no longer had to think about it. It was out of sight and out of mind. Abundance and waste soon became synonymous with the American way of life. More choices, more con­veniences, (22) __________________ more accessible money made Americans very conspicuous consumers. With only 5 percent of the global population, the U.S. consumes a whopping 30 percent of the planet’s resources and churns out 30 percent of its wastes.

 

A of convenience and disposability

В  that were increasingly affordable to more people

C we hardly realize the global impact

D and with the invention of credit cards

E than that plastic bag holding our groceries has today

F when you can toss it all away in the garbage

G bringing a new convenience and ease to everyone’s lifestyle

H what we keep and throw away

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

BOURNEMOUTH

Bournemouth is thought by many people to be the finest seaside town in England, with its miles of golden sandy beaches, some of the finest beach sand in the world, the beaches (23) __________________ from Christchurch in the East to Sandbanks in the West.

It’s not just the golden sandy beaches that make Bournemouth a great place to visit (24) __________________________________________________________________________ . Bournemouth has natural (25) __________________ such as its towering sandstone cliffs that give the visitor great (26) __________________ over Bournemouth Bay to the Purbeck Hills and the Isle of Wight. Then there are the Chines, (27) __________________ where streams once flowed, that lead (28) __________________ gaps in the cliffs to the beach. It’s also the warm waters, the result of the Gulf Stream. All these things make Bournemouth the (29) __________________ place for a summer vacation.

Bournemouth is situated (30) __________________ the eastern end of the county of Dorset, (31) __________________ in the middle of the South Coast of England. The town gets its name from the fact that the centre of town (32)______________________ at the mouth of the Bourne Stream, hence Bourne-Mouth.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

running

going

lengthening

stretching

24

moreover

consequently

though

otherwise

25

lines

strokes

features

strains

26

sights

views

eyesight

opinions

27

hills

valleys

rocks

deserts

28

beyond

behind

through

over

29

unbeaten

unswayed

thorough

perfect

30

directed

towards

way

backwards

31

left

direct

right

openly

32

lays

laid up

overlies

lies

 

TASK 6

 

Read the text below. For each empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.

THE SEVEN WEAVERS AND THE FIELD OF FLAX

Seven weavers once (33) on a moonlight journey. They had not gone very far from their home when they lost the road. After (34) __________________ to find their way, they came to a field of flax, which they (35) __________________ to be a river, as the field was in flower, and they (36) __________________ the blue color of the flower to be that of water. They stripped (37) __________________ and began swimming. After hard labor, they got across. (38) __________________ certain that no one (39) __________________, they took the precaution of (40) __________________ themselves before (41) __________________ their journey; but they discovered that one of them (42) __________________, as each forgot to count himself. Grieved at the loss of one of their company, they had not the heart to pursue their journey, but returned home.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

started

have started

had started

start

34

try

tried

trying

tries

35

took

had taken

were taken

has taken

36

were fancied

fancied

have fancied

had fancied

37

itself

ourselves

themselves

oneself

38

Making

To have made

Made

To make

39

was drowned

was drowning

has drowned

had drowned

40

being counted

having counted

counting

counts

41

resume

having resumed

resuming

had resumed

42

miss

missing

has been missing

was missing

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Write (100-120 words) how history books help us understand the present by explaining the past. Mention the historical places or history museums you have visited. Write about the role they play in your education.

 

ВАРІАНТ 16

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

CAMPING FOOD IDEAS

1. ____________________ They aren’t only healthy, but also fantastically convenient to carry from place to place. After two hours of trekking, you might be ravenous. An apple or a banana might satiate those beasty hunger pangs.

2. ____________________ It fills you up fast and more importantly, it survives for a reason­ ably good period of time. It goes well with just about anything. Make a peanut butter and banana sandw'ich. It can also be toasted on the campfire and the subtle flavour of the wooden ash arising from the campfire burning wood renders the bread all the more delicious.

3.____________________ Since they are so well packaged, they are less or not at all suscep­ tible to spoilage. They are easily available at any general store! If the camping trip is going to exceed three days, tinned food is the best idea. You can even acquire delicious fruits like peaches and strawberries. They last long due to the content of preservatives.

4.____________________ Marshmallows, biscuits, chocolates, nuts, crackers and dry fruits are all excellent snacks. They last longer than other edible items. Marshmallows roasted on the bonfire on a fork are utterly delicious and heaven will meet earth once it reaches your lips on a cold frosty night.

5.____________________ It is the ideal camping food. Tandoori chicken or grilled seafood can be prepared for a night meal around the bonfire. You can thinly slice apples and sprinkle with brown sugar, cinnamon, oats and a few dabs of butter to cook in a foil packet for a camping version of baked apples.

tandoori — denoting or relating to a style of Indian cooking based on the use of a tandoor (a clay oven); n. food or cooking of this.

 

A Watermelons

В  Fruits and vegetables

C Bread is a brilliant choice!

D Things to have a bite with.

E Canned foods are highly reliable.

F Barbecue grilled meat.

G Places to store food.

H Stewed apples and marshmallows.

 

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

MARRIED BY A ROBOT

When you think about robots, you probably think of R2-D2 in the Star Wars movies or Rosie the Maid in The Jetsons cartoons. But robots aren’t only in the movies and on TV. One “real” robot married a couple at a wedding ceremony in Tokyo, Japan not long ago.

Fifty guests stood as the music played and the bride walked down the aisle. Only one guest remained seated — the minister, who happened to be a robot that was bolted to a chair. For this special occasion, the four-foot tall robot named I-Fairy wore pigtails and a wreath of flowers around her head. I-Fairy’s eyes flashed colored lights as she pronounced the couple man-and-wife and asked the groom to kiss the bride. The wedding was the first time a marriage had been led by a robot, according to the company that built I-Fairy.

A robot might seem like an unusual choice to lead a wedding, but if you knew the couple you would think I-Fairy was the perfect choice. That’s because the groom teaches robotics at a university and the bride works for the company that built I-Fairy. Besides building robots like I-Fairy, the company has built robotic dinosaurs that you might have seen in museums or on TV.

Japan is one of the world’s leaders in the field of robotics. The newly married couple hopes their wedding will encourage more uses for robots. They hope their wedding will give people ideas about ways in which they might use robots to do “everyday things” in their lives in the near future.

 

6. When did a wedding ceremony take place?

A in the film

В in the cartoon

C in the robotic company

D in one of the Japanese cities

7. How many people were present at the ceremony?

A more than sixty

В half a hundred

C fifteen

D forty

8. Why didn’t one of the guests stand?

A he was crippled

В he had a special mission

C he was screwed

D he played the keyboards

9. How tall were the robots present at the ceremony?

A almost a meter high

В fifty centimeters high

C a meter high

D nearly 1 meter 20 centimeters high

10. What did the robots have on their heads?

A a plait

В a ring

C a flower arrangement

D a dinosaur

11. Who were the married couple?

A a student and an employee

В two workers

C two robots

D an employee and a teacher

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

THINGS TO TAKE WHEN CAMPING

12._________________ Tent is the most important of all equipments that you must carry, while going out for camping. Make sure you carry a tent that______ is big enough for the whole team or ask every camper to carry individual tents. Tent, apart from taking care of the safety, will also provide you an experience to sleep under the clear sky and shining moon.

13._________________ Another important equipment not to forget while camping is your sleeping bag which will help you stay warm in the wild and will also provide you the comfort on the uneven surface of the forest. Purchase one that will help you provide warmth and comfort in all the seasons.

14._________________  One of the important things which almost every one of us forgets to carry when going out camping is the roll mat. Roll___________________ mats are foam mats that can be flattened and used as a mattress for your sleeping bag, providing you a smooth surface to sleep on.

15.__________________ A camping trip will be full of surprises and unexpected terrain that can make you meet small accidents. A first aid kit will come handy at this time. You can include bandages, safety clips, stitches, plasters and antiseptic to be able to deal with the injury on the first hand. You can even include general medications like that for headache and fever in your first aid kit.

16.__________________ When you are going in the wild, insect bites are one thing that will really annoy you and will always be on the top of the list of your worries. These bites might even transmit various diseases or infections. Therefore, it is advisable to carry along some insect repellent, when going out for camping.

 

Which paragraph tells you about

A The thing you need in case of emergency

В The most important thing which campers need at night.

C Something which keeps you warm and protected.

D The covering you can use while camping.

E The necessary tools fro digging the ground,

F Something you can construct yourself.

G Something you can use for killing bugs.

H Necessary food supplies

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Celebrating one of the most cherished musical genres of all time, Blues at the Beach features three days of (17) ______________ on an outdoor stage. Local, regional, and nationally-recognized Blues acts (18) ______________ for a riveting and heartfelt tribute to the sights, sounds, and soul of (19) ______________.

National headliners have brought their intensity and knockout live performances (20) ______________. Performers (21) ______________ have appeared at the festival and enthralled Blues enthusiasts. Blues stars James Harman, Terry Garland, Billy Boy Arnold, and many like them, have presented standout performances at the Virginia Beach oceanfront. Instrumental workshops, (22) ______________, are offered free to spectators.

 

A to invite the spectators

В  who are talented writers, singers, and guitar players

C free concerts

D led by Natchel’ Blues Network personnel

E to Virginia Beach

F the American experience

G share the stage

H buying the tickets

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASKS 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Water aerobic exercises are an enjoyable way to exercise (23) ______________ the hot summers. Though the work out may appear like one splashing around the pool waters, yet those who are seriously (24) ______________ water aerobic exercise claim it’s an exceptional (25)___________________________________________ ______________ to burn out unwanted flab from the body and build (26) ______________ strength. In fact, health (27) ______________ state water aerobic exercise has proved effective for people ailing from arthritis and other problems many times.

Water aerobic exercise does not juSt (28) ______________ swimming. It offers a complete head to toe workout for fitness freaks. It allows you to burn calories and simultaneously develops body (29) ______________ and flexibility. Moreover, it’s not (30) ______________ to know swimming beforehand for performing the water aerobic exercise. This is because few water aerobic (31) ______________ are carried out in waist and chest level water in the pool, while some other like jogging are practiced in deeper water (32) ______________ only the person’s body is completely inundated.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

when

during

at times

along

24

onto

atop

into

in

25

method

task

activity

try

26

inn

inner

exterior

inside

27

teachers

tutors

experts

mentors

28

relate

prove

insulate

concern

29

strong

strenuous

strength

strive

30

necessary

optional

forced

imperative

31

practice

workouts

sessions

tests

32

which

when

where

whom

bbsp;

TASK 6

 

Read the texts below. For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Police detectives (33) _______________ on the basis of experience, performance, and skills. Someone who consistently works hard and thoroughly as a police officer will be more likely (34) _______________, as will someone who can clear cases efficiently and quickly. A police force (35) _______________ ask a candidate to gain more experience and reapply, which can be (36) _______________, but should be viewed as an opportunity to rack up more experience to support an application to become a de­tective. Once (37) _______________ to detective, a police officer can work his or her way up the ranks.

After someone (38) _______________ a detective in the police and worked for a number of years, it is usually very easy (39) _______________ a license to work as a private detective after retirement. People who (40) _______________ in the police will probably need to fulfill certain requirements in order to obtain a license from the state or government, such as education, ethics classes, and so forth. Private detectives (41) _______________ background checks, which include interviews with friends and former coworkers, and other measures which are meant to test moral fitness. These requirements vary by region, and candidates should ask law enforcement (42) _______________ about the specific rules where they wish to work.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

select

selecting

are selected

were selected

34

be chosen

to be chosen

being chosen

to choose

35

might

may

should

had to

36

frustrate

frustrates

frustrating

frustrated

37

to promote

promoting

being promoted

promoted

38

has become

have become

had become

will become

39

obtain

to obtain

obtaining

obtained

40

not qualify

not do qualify

do not qualify

not qualified

41

also pass

pass must also

also must passing

must also pass

42

agency

agencys

agencies

agents

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. You've got a letter from your English pen-friend in which he/she wrote you about his/her future plans. He/she wants to become an actor. And your friend is sure that this profession will give him/her the opportunity to become famous and make a lot of money. Write a letter to your pen-friend in which say

• about your thoughts regarding his/her career plans;

• what you are going to do after leaving school;

• how you prepare yourself for your future profession;

• what you think is necessary to be successful in your future job.

 

ВАРІАНТ 17

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

ROAD TRIP IDEAS FOR FAMILY

1.____________________________________________________________ Choose a place you want to got to the whole family will enjoy. Children lose interest much faster than adults, so when choosing, keep your young ones in mind and make sure there are activities that will keep them occupied and interested.

2._____________________________________________________ Going on a long road trip with your kids can be quite stressful if you’re not prepared to deal with the short attention span of kids. Take coloring books, toys, video games, CD’s that have audio for children, food and water to last the journey and other things you would consider a necessity for your family.

3._____________________________________________________ Make sure your family is protected, use seatbelts and child secure seats for children in the back seat; they have been proven to keep kids safe if you run into some trouble on the road. If you plan on going camping remember to carry a first aid kit with the essentials.

4._____________________________________________________ If you are heading to a place that has been recommended by a friend or from other travel source and not sure of the route, keep a chart of geographic area in hand, it could also be an answer to the most common question from your kid — “are we there yet?”

5._____________________________________________________ When on a long trip, it is safer to carry sandwiches, fruits, bottles of water enough for the entire family. Remember to carry a garbage bag so that you don’t have to litter the countryside, it will also cut down on the stops you have to make on the journey reserving the stops to use the restroom and to stretch your legs.

 

A Carrying food

В  Carry a map

C Safety is a huge priority

D Destination

E Departure

F Maintain conversations

G Things to carry

H Games

 


TASK 
2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A SCIENTIFIC DILEMMA

The latest lizard found in the Philippines — a bright-speckled cousin of the monitor lizard — was first spotted in 2001. Scientists saw members of the islands’ Agta tribe carrying the lizard from the forest. The tribespeople would not give up their catch, because the lizard was going to be a tasty meal for them and their families. They did, however, let scientists take pictures of the lizard.

Finally, in 2009, scientists captured a lizard of their own to study. They named the new lizard the Northern Sierra Madre monitor lizard because it was discovered in the islands’ Sierra Madre Mountains. The 6-foot-long lizard had bright yellow markings that distinguish it from more boring-looking monitors. Its legs were mainly yellow, and its tail was striped black and yellow. So how could scientists work in the Philippines’ rain forests for years without finding the new lizard until now? They say the Northern Sierra Madre monitor is unlike other monitor lizards and their larger cousin, the Komodo dragon. All of those lizards are meat-eaters. But the newfound lizard eats fruit. That means it never has to come down out of the trees. Its uniquely colored skin, quiet manner, and treetop home helped it remain camouflaged from scientists’ view for many years.

The discovery of the Northern Sierra Madre monitor is making scientists realize that Philippines’ rain forests may hold many undiscovered species. But those species will not be found if the rain forests keep disappearing. Twenty years ago, forests covered about 35 percent of the Philippines’ land. But people have been logging that land and building on it. Today, forests cover less than 25 percent of the country’s land.

The rain forests are a “conservation hot spot” that need to be protected, scientists say. “I hope we can make the new lizard a ’poster child’ for conservation of the land,” said one scientist. “Conserving the rain forest will trickle down to its other inhabitants.”

monitor or monitor lizard — варан

trickle — проникати

 

6. What has been recently found in the Philippines?

A a new species of plants

В an old kind of lizards

C a never-before-seen reptile

D a tasty kind of herbs

7. WTien was it found for the first time?

A in 2000

В in 2001

C in 2009

D in 2010

8. In what way does this finding differ from the previous ones?

A It is very short.

В It lives in the water.

C It eats plants.

D It looks like a snake.

9. What has this finding proved?

A There are many unknown animals in the Philippines.

В The rainforests are in danger.

C The tribespeople need immediate help.

D We will have a new tasty meal.

10. How much of the Philippines’s territory do the rainforests comprise?

A more than a quarter of the country’s land

В less than a quarter of the country’s land

C less than a half of the country’s land

D more than a quarter of the country’s land

11. How can the scientists’ finding help the rainforests?

A It will reduce felling the trees in the territory.

В It will show new oil deposits.

C It can be used as a public notice.

D It will be exhibited in the museum.

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

BEST MEXICAN BEACHES

12._____________________

Acapulco Beach

Acapulco is a lovely beach in Mexico, which is also referred to as the ’Pearly of the Pacific’. The beach provides great opportunity to relax in the day and enjoy the lively nightlife, during the shady hours. The beach is popular for its groovy night clubs, which offer their best during early morning hours.

13._____________________

Cancun Beach

Cancun is the most popular beach in Mexico, which is frequented by visitors in great numbers. It is the best place to enjoy a relaxing vacation, amidst fine weather. Tourists can enjoy both quiet moments as well as action. Cancun beach is also apt for foreigners as most of the people in this area speak English.

14._____________________

Cabo San Lucas Beach

Cabo San Lucas is yet another lively beach in Mexico. It is located at the far tip of Baja Peninsula, also known as the ’Gulf of Mexico’. The region is a real paradise, offering natural reserves at its best. Diving is one of the favorite sports here. Tourists can enjoy water sports, play golf or relax on the sand.

15._____________________

Tulum Beach

Tulum Beach, located on the Caribbean coast, is one of the prettiest beaches in the world. Adding majesty and splendor to its beauty are the picturesque Mayan ruins, overlooking the beach. It is a tiny, but perfectly-formed white sandy cove, featuring palm shade and azure Caribbean waters. There are many sou­venir shops, саґй and restaurants located here, along with a few hotels and restaurants.

16._____________________

Puerto Vallarta Beaches

Puerto Vallarta offers some stunning beaches, which are ideal for swimming. Most of the beaches here are secluded and can be reached by boats and cruises. The place can undoubtedly be called a water lover’s paradise. Besides, you can try the unusual sport of whale watching as well.

 

Where to go if ...?

A you can’t stand noisy crowds

В  you have decided to take some scuba diving lessons

C you haven’t got much money

D you are a night club lover

Е  you have decided to sleep in the water

F you want to practice English while having an interesting rest

G watching very large marine mammals is your cherished dream

H you are fond of history

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Festive fish, jumping dolphins, frolicking porpoises - all in bright, colored lights against the clear night-time sky, (17) _________________ , a holiday-themed light display at the Virginia Beach oceanfront! They are joined by Santa, elves, and a 40-foot tall Christmas tree (18) _________________ and in the beautiful parks along the Virginia Beach boardwalk.

It’s the only time of the year that cars (19) _________________ — for over 30 blocks! 30,000 vehicles a year make the trek through this holiday wonderland. This “Fanta-Sea” of lights is sure to dazzle and amaze holiday travelers (20) _________________. Hotels create special packages (21) _________________ to the light show. New displays are added each year so it’s never the same show twice! One of the highlights is the giant “12 Days of Christmas” display, (22) _________________ 20 and 30 feet high!

 

A visiting Virginia Beach

В  where some fixtures (кріплення) stand

C are the stars of McDonald’s Holiday Lights at the Beach

D making it easy to see

E that include free tickets

F erected on the beach

G CD of holiday music

H get to drive right on the boardwalk

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-34) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

It is said that words have the power to make or break. It is as true in case of what you say to oth­ers as what you say to yourself. The thoughts with which you feed your mind and heart eventually end up (23) _________________ to the outcomes you’re faced with. If you can’t seem to (24) _________________ all the negativity inside you, it’s bound to (25) _________________ your routine and the situations will end up dictating terms to you instead of you being in control. (26) _________________, if you manage to convert this negative energy into positive, you’ll see that it’s not as difficult as you’ve made it to be; moreover you’ll see the clouds (27) _________________ on the road giving way to sunshine, improving the visibility and conferring you with the (28) _________________ to see far ahead. But, how does one do this? Your answer (29) _________________ in the very first line of the article itself. Your own words will do it for you, through positive affirmations. Affirmations are the (30) _________________ of every thought you think and every word you say. Positive affirmations are short statements (31) _________________ at your subconscious level.

You can create your affirmations by thinking honestly and focusing entirely on what change you want to see in yourself and what (32) _________________ you’re expecting from the change.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

giving

contributing

granting

furnishing

24

get in

get over

get about

get on

25

effect

issue

conclusion

affect

26

Then

But

However

Although

27

clearing up

clearing in

clearing of

clearing down

28

altitude

talent

ability

might

29

comprises

hides

counts

lies

30

manifestations

displays

symptoms

accounts

31

proved

ruled

directed

shown

32

end

outcome

reflex

reaction

 

TASK 6

 

Read the texts below. For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Nursing is a career path for those who (33) _________________ compassionate, caring, and who truly desire to improve (34) _________________ of the patient in their care. Currently, there are nearly (35) _________________ registered nurses working in the United States, (36) _________________ nurses the largest group of health care professionals. Although nursing (37) _________________ a female-dominated field, in today’s world, more and more men (38) _________________ to become nurses. Nurses usually work in doctor’s offices, hospitals, private home care, and general care (39) _________________. They may specialize in a number of areas, namely mental health, pediatrics, geriatric nursing, long-term care, cardiology, oncology, and many more.

The requirements to become a nurse differ from country to country. However, most countries require anyone who (40) _________________ to study nursing to obtain at least a bachelor’s degree or equivalent. (41) _________________ nursing in the United States, one must first obtain one of three different entry-level degrees. A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), (42) _________________ in colleges and universities, will prepare a general education for nurses to train them to practice in any setting.

geriatric — relating to old people, especially with regard to their health care

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

be

is

will be

are

34

life

a life

the lives

living

35

three million

third million

three millions

a three million

36

make

making

makes

made

37

have been traditionally

traditionally has been

had traditionally been

has traditionally been

38

are choosing

is choosing

were choosing

have chosen

39

facility

facilitys

facilities

facilityies

40

wish

wishing

wished

wishes

41

Studying

To study

Study

Being studied

42

offer

offering

offered

offers

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Last month you took an active part in the TV quiz show "Around the World". And you've won a prize - two tickets for a tour of Ukraine. Write a letter to your friend in which you

• invite him/her to join you;

• describe the means of travel and accommodations;

• describe two special places you are going to visit;

• give suggestions what he/she will need to take with him/her.

 

ВАРІАНТ 18

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

IDEAS FOR FAMILY VACATIONS

1._______________ If you and your family love water then there is nothing more royal than spending your vacation on a ship. There are ready-made packages provided by the travel companies and cruise lines. Interests of all age group members are taken into consideration and ensures that everyone has fun on the ship.

2.________________ All members might not be pleased with the idea of a cruise, for them you can have a resort option. Kids and youngsters would enjoy seaside, as there are numerous activities that can be done. One can do jet skiing, surfing, play beach volleyball, cruising or simply sunbathing. In resorts, little kids can have pools and slides to play.

3.________________ Trips can be very exciting especially if you do them with your family. Going on a nature trip with your family can be both fun and educating at the same time. There are many trips like sailing, hiking, trekking through jungles, canoeing, hunting, camping, and kayaking. One can also enjoy cycling tours with proper gears and safety.

4._______________ It is an adventurous and happy vacation idea. Some families are regular backpackers, who love to live their lives hiking into the wilderness and staying in tents or living in cars or trawlers. Children are fascinated by the sights, smells and sounds of outdoors, and learn a lot about new life skills.

5.________________ Exploring new culture is always fascinating and enchanting. Each place has a distinct way of living life, celebrating festivals, wearing clothes, culinary styles, sports, and social mores. One can experience, learn and adapt to new cultures as well as appreciate one’s own culture.

 

A Camping

В  Theme Parks

C Beach Vacation

D Cultural Vacation

E Cruise Vacation

F Lifestyle Vacation

G Snow Vacation

H Adventure Vacation

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

ALL-BLACK PENGUINS

As a ship traveled slowly along the coast of an island near Antarctica, passengers stared in awe at what they saw. A large colony of King Penguins — thousands of them - wobbled about the island as the boat passed by. As passengers scanned the scene, a few of them noticed an unusual sight. In a sea of black- and-white, one penguin stood out from the rest. From its head to its feet — front and back — the penguin was all black.

Penguins have no natural fear of humans, so some of the passengers were able to get off the boat. One passenger, Andrew Evans, sat on the ground in front of the penguin and took pictures of it. From his close-up view, the all-black penguin seemed to be in excellent health, Evans said. It seemed to fit in well with the other penguins. It even appeared to have a black-and-white mate.

While some people have reported seeing all-black penguins before, scientists say this is the first proof they have that such birds exist. “This is astonishing,” said bird expert Allan Baker when he saw pictures of the penguin. “It’s one in a zillion discovery.”

So how did this rare penguin come to be? Baker explains that a natural pigment called melanin is what makes some of a penguin’s feathers black. Penguins can have varying amounts of melanin, Baker says. About one in every 250,000 King penguins can be mostly black, but even those penguins always have patches of white. Until now, that is. This is the first all black penguin Baker has ever seen. The penguin must have a very high amount of melanin in its body, he says.

King penguins can be found across a handful of islands in southern parts of the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. The islands are located where cold and warm waters mix, which makes them perfect feeding grounds for Kings. Antarctica’s South Georgia Island, where the all-black penguin was found, is home to several million penguins.

zillion — величезна кількість

 

6. The travelers ... looking at the lots of penguins.

A admired

В panicked

C feared

D anticipated

7. ... attracted their attention.

A The island

В a black and white bird

C a black bird

D a white bird

8. One of the travelers managed to ...

A feed the penguins

В to grasp one penguin

C to catch some small bids

D to photograph one of the birds

9. Scientists state that ....

A there are many black birds in the penguin’s colony

В there are no black penguins at all

C there’s one black bird among the great quantity of penguins

D penguins are very rare nowadays

10. The penguin must have .... of melanin in its body, to be all-black.

A little

В a very great quantity

C not more than 10 %

D less than 1 gram

11. King penguins can be found ...

A in the northern hemisphere

В in the southern hemisphere

C in Africa’s savannas

D in the Pacific ocean’s water basin

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

PLACES TO SEE IN VIRGINIA BEACH

12._____________________

Virginia Beach Oceanfront

Virginia Beach Oceanfront is a relaxing place, which is just right to spend quality time with your friends and family. Besides the boardwalk and a vast beach, there is lot more to hit upon at Virginia Beach. It’s a complete holiday resort, together with an amphitheater, fine restaurants, night clubs, amusement parks, excellent golf courses and unusual events.

13._____________________

Mount Trashmore

To be found in the heart of Virginia Beach, Mount Trashmore is crafted out of trash and is partially surrounded by lakes. Here you can see skateboard park, lakes, playgrounds, landform, wildlife, and much more to mention.

14._____________________

Virginia Aquarium and Marine Science Center

Virginia Aquarium holds over 700,000 gallons of water, and is actually much more than just an aquarium. It is principally a sanctuary for rescued animals, including Green Sea Turtle, Harbor Seals, Dolphins, Sharks, young humpback whales, stingrays, etc. Here you can witness more than 300 exhibits. Besides them, the other attractions are touch tanks, aviary, curiosity carts, boat trips, 3D IMAX, and much more.

15._____________________

Ocean Breeze

Ocean Breeze waterpark has 16 waterslides, an inner-tube course and a million gallon Runaway Bay wave pool. Paradise Pipeline, Hurricane, Coconut Drops, Bamboo Shoots, Jungle Falls, Largo Loop, Mat Slides, Pirates Plummet. Activities and slides for small children too.

16._____________________

Motor World

Motor World is your place to race in Virginia Beach. 11 go-kart tracks and 16 styles of go-karts to choose from. The Adult Speed Track is new. Also the Splat Zone paintball fields.

 

In what place can you ...?

A make a seashell house

В  practice rollerblading

C find excellent entertainment for children

D see a concert or a show in a special place

E get your adrenaline going

F enjoy people-watching

G extend your knowledge about endangered marine species

H act as a guide


TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

The sounds of rock, jazz, country, blues, R&B, and more flood the Virginia Beach oceanfront (17) ______________ over Labor Day Weekend at the Verizon Wireless American Music Festival.

The largest outdoor music event on the East coast, (18) ______________ brings together local, regional, and national acts to play on a gigantic 60-foot wide and 60-foot tall stage on the beach at 5th Street (19) ______________ along the beautiful Virginia Beach oceanfront.

Festival goers love the appeal of being outdoors on the beach with the Atlantic Ocean providing the perfect background for some of the greatest live music of all time! Food vendors, beer, and merchandise kiosks enhance the festival atmosphere (20) ______________.

Exclusive VIP passes provide separate entrance to the area (21) ______________ for viewing Friday and Saturday concerts, access to two free beers or wine, and tickets to both Friday and Saturday concerts. This is the ultimate way for fans (22) ______________!

 

A to enjoy the concerts

В  the Verizon Wireless American Music Festival

C along the boardwalk

D right in front of the stage

E as well as stages in all parks

F to swim in the ocean

G for three sun-filled days

H near the waterfront

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Always maintain a smile; it (23) ______________ the beauty of your face. However, (24) ______________ excessive or unnecessary smiling and laughing, it can give people an impression that you have escaped from a mental (25) ______________. Look at people with (26) ______________ and maintain a good eye contact. Don’t look down while talking, (27) ______________ you have done something wrong or (28) ______________ the person something. Maintain a good eye contact when you (29) ______________ with people. Remember, (30) ______________ is perfect and each of us has our (31) ______________ of problems. But a person who believes in himself knows how to resolve matter and rise even after falling down. Note down that a confident person can (32) ______________ with anything.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

decreases

increases

makes

stimulates

24

ban

rid

put

avoid

25

shelter

refuge

sanctuary

asylum

26

spirit

heart

reliance

uncertainty

27

least

but

unless

although

28

lend

owe

borrow

charge

29

talk

say

discuss

converse

30

everyone

nothing

anyone

nobody

31

part

kind

sack

share

32

get in

get round

get away

get from

 

TASK 6

 

Read the texts below. For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Video games aren’t just for kids. Each video game console that comes out (33) ______________ as having the best graphics and amazing game play. Several of the games (34) ______________ now are for mature audiences, making video games more popular with adults than ever before.

Video game testers, who play (35) ______________ games for a living, are the first people out­side of the (36) ______________ to see the new games. Video game testers preview the games before they (37) ______________ the last stages of development. They (38) ______________ to the company on how well the game plays, and their thoughts on the game. Testers check for bugs, and analyze the game for details that regular gamers might not even notice.

There are a lot of people who would love to become a video game tester. Because of this, it can be a difficult job (39) ______________. The best place to start is by (40) ______________ a lot of video games. Learn how to work your consoles, and start analyzing games you already own. Notice details you might (41) ______________ the first time through. Get active in online forums and in online gaming communities. Also, start reading up on what (42) ______________ of video game testers.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

advertise

advertised

was advertised

is advertised

34

made

having been made

being made

was being made

35

it

that

those

these

36

company

companies’

companies

companion

37

to reach

reaching

reaches

reach

38

report back

report down

report about

report with

39

to get into

to getting into

to gets into

got into

40

played

playing

being played

was played

41

has missed

have missed

had missed

is missed

42

is required

are required

will be required

are being required

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. Some days ago you returned from your trip to London and discovered that you had left your small bag at a hotel. Write a letter to the manager of the hotel and say:

• why you are writing;

• what the bag is like and what there was in it;

• why the bag is important for you.

And ask how to get it back.

 

ВАРІАНТ 19

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

TIPS FOR MAINTAINING WEIGHT AFTER DIETING

1._______________________________ Don’t relax your weight loss regime completely, just because you have reduced the pounds you wanted to. You can’t loosen up after getting the desired result. However, it is always better to get into the habit of usual drill, than to continue dieting. Exercise will keep you active and you will also be able to eat all those food items that had been avoided during your diet period, though in moderation. Just ensure that you burn those extra calories through regular workouts.

2._______________________________ After getting good results, try to eat those delicious desserts in moderation. People have a habit of splurging on food____ after dieting. The whole purpose of keeping yourself so much restrained in the past will be lost, if you simply get back to your normal eating habits. Take care not to eat too much, but don’t deny______________ yourself anything as well.

3._______________________________ There is nothing better than having a healthy and nutritious food in the morning. What you eat in the morning is digested quickly. So, you can afford to have a stomach-full early_________ meal___ without any fear of putting on extra weight. A morning meal will also help you avoid over-eating and will start your metabolism, making you feel energetic throughout the day. However, don’t hog on food just because its morning time and always remember that self-control is the key for maintaining weight.

4._______________________________ Keeping chocolates, cookies and other fat-rich food out of your diet can increase your craving and increase the risk of your indulging in them in excess at some point of time, though not without feeling guilty. There is no need to deny yourself anything. Once in a while, you can have chocolates or other sweets. However, make sure not to overdo anything. Never force something on yourself, as you may not be able to follow it up in the long run.

5._______________________________ Make sure that you check your weight at regular intervals, to keep tab on your weight growth. There______________ is no benefit of making efforts without knowing the results. If possible, try to weigh yourself every week, so___________________ that you get a weekly report of your health. Accordingly, your diet can be regulated. In case, you have put on a few pounds, you can introduce some diet changes to bring it back to track. In this, ’ignorance is not bliss’.

 

A Have a healthy breakfast

В  Measure your heaviness

C Exercise regularly

D Try a new type of food

E Don’t ban food completely

F Follow the daily routine

G Maintain a low fat diet

H Try a diet change

 

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

IMPROVING CLASSROOMS

It used to be that a “green classroom” referred to the color of paint on the wall. But today’s green classrooms are greener than that! New “green” classrooms help schools save money and provide clean en­vironments where students learn better.

Many classrooms are going green by adding solar panels to their roofs. The solar panels collect energy from the sun and use it to power lights and computers. The panels help make green classrooms grid-neutral, which means the panels create at least as much electricity as the classrooms use. In addition, new lighting and air systems can be programmed to lower energy costs and water use.

Many new “green” classrooms are built using recycled materials. Some even use scraps of material from blue jeans to insulate walls and ceilings. The old-jean insulation cuts heat and air conditioning bills as it helps to soundproof classrooms too.

Green schools feature many other new ideas. Some classrooms are painted using special odor-free paints that help improve indoor air. Some use no glues or tiles that add chemical smells to the air. Others use triple­pane windows and skylights to help keep classrooms warm in cold weather and let in lots of natural daylight.

Experts say the benefits of building greener classrooms go beyond cost savings. Studies show that a healthful environment with good air quality can cut colds and flu by more than 50 percent. That means fewer sick days for students and teachers. Studies have shown that natural light and other green features improve student learning and test scores too.

 

6. “Going green” can ....

A help build new schools

В protect schools from crime

C save schools money

D produce solar panels

7. Solar panels make energy from

A computers

В oil and gas

C the sun

D the wind and the sun

8. Some schools use solar panels to ... their own electricity.

A insulate

В produce

C paint

D combine

9. Sometimes ... are being used in walls and ceilings to keep students warmer.

A paper wastes

В clothes scraps

C cellophane tapes

D additional tiles

10. Some schools use special paints ....

A that make the classrooms greener

В that are cheap and eco-friendly

C that don’t let in the daylight

D that don’t add chemical smells to school air

11. Students in “green schools” ... than kids in other schools.

A get colds oftener

В often have better attendance

C study poorer

D rarely have better mood

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

THINGS TO TAKE WHEN CAMPING

12.________________________________________ Tent is the most important of all equipments that you must carry, while going out for camping. Make sure you carry a tent that is big enough for the whole team or ask every camper to carry individual tents. Tent, apart from taking care of the safety, will also provide you an experience to sleep under the clear sky and shining moon.

13. _________________________________________ When out for camping you are all by yourself and will have to manage and meet situations with the stuff which you have. It is advisable to carry along a lighter or matchsticks to take care of your fire need and also to carry a pen knife or a small tool kit that will help you in repair and kinds.

14._________________________________________ Many of us believe that when going out in the wild we should not care much about our comfort and luxury. This thought makes us leave behind few essential clothing that we might need to fight the unexpected weather of the place we are going to camp in. Therefore, without bothering about the weight of the luggage, it is advisable to carry along essential clothing material.

15._________________________________________ If you are not carrying food or if you don’t have any local arrangement for food, then carrying the cooking supplies and equipments along becomes quite essential. You can carry along a portable pot, a stove or kettle as well as the vegetables and other food items that you intend to eat. Don’t forget to pack in the utensils, lest you don’t have a plate to put in your share of food.

16._________________________________________ Carrying a map and a rope becomes an essential part of your camping equipment, especially when you are going into a totally new place without a local guide. You should make it a point to carry a map and a rope to explore the new area. While a map would direct you towards the right path, a rope would help in the climbing act.

 

Which paragraph tells about ...

A things you will need in case you decide to make fire

В  things we need to have meals

C something you will spend your night in

D things which are very useful in exploring a new territory

E things we usually ignore while going camping

F something you shouldn’t forget to take with you

G things necessary for taking photos

H something we can keep water in

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Beach Music Weekend blends the best of the ’oldies’ with dancing (17) _____________________ . Settle into the sand as the top Beach Music bands from up and down the East Coast descend on the Virginia Beach oceanfront in a nostalgic salute to the “good old days” of cool cars and hot tunes.

A three-day series of free concerts is presented on a stage (18) _____________________ at 30th Street. Evening shows on Thursday and Friday give way (19) _____________________ on Saturday and more daytime concerts on Sunday. All performances are (20) _____________________. Thursday’s ticketed show takes place (21) _____________________. The festival atmosphere is enhanced with beer and food served in tents on the sand alongside a sea of beach chairs and dancing couples! Boardwalk sponsors and vendors overlook the beach, luring visitors (22) _____________________ into the fun of Beach Music Weekend!

 

A free to the public

В  under the stars

C four meters long

D in a local restaurant

E built right on the beach

F as it is shown

G to a full day of entertainment

H from the boardwalk

 

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

It’s 21st century and exercise is the order of the day! Inactivity is (23) ______________ dangerous levels. Your heart (24) ______________ approximately 60-80 times per minute at rest, 100,000 times a day, more than 30 million times per year and about 2.5 billion times in a 70-year (25) ______________! And this gets better and smoother with physical (26) ______________ like aerobics. Aerobics was never (27) ______________ trend and will never be because of the various advantages it provides. It is fun and exciting. It improves blood (28) ______________. It helps you stretch. It tones your muscles and (29) ______________ calories. Basically, the more aerobic (oxygen using) the exercise is, the greater (30) ______________ it will have on your cardiovascular system and enzymes and metabolism. Ultimately, your body (31) ______________ reduces! Aerobics begins with breath­ ing, filling your lungs with oxygen from where it is transported to the heart. The heart has four chambers that (32) ______________ blood to other parts of the body like the organs, muscles and tissues. Incorporate some of the aerobics exercises in your daily living!

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

trying

getting

reaching

clinging

24

strikes

beats

hits

kicks

25

lifetime

epoch

era

age

26

activity

industry

trouble

idleness

27

off

into

out of

from

28

circuit

circle

circulation

round

29

heats

lights

melts

burns

30

affect

conclusion

effect

end

31

fat

lard

grease

flesh

32

draw

force

pour

pump

 

TASK 6

 

Read the texts below. For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (A, 8, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

In order to become a food tester, there are certain requirements an applicant needs to meet including (33) ______________ the appropriate education, applying (34) ______________ a suitable position, and understanding the functions of the job. Food testers (35) ______________ by restaurants, food companies, and farms to ensure product quality. These professionals are given the tasks of sampling different foods and evaluating them on a variety of (36) ______________, such as appearance, texture, and flavor. The information (37) ______________ from the taste testers (38) ______________ to create and im­prove food products for wholesale and retail sales. For this reason, most companies (39) ______________ applicants willing to take the time to provide serious, helpful feedback.

The minimal education requirement to become a food tester (40) ______________ a high school diploma or an acceptable equivalent. There are more skills (41) ______________ to become a food tester than just tasting foods. Serious applicants should be aware that the job they (42) ______________ is vitally important to the production and marketing of a company’s products.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

having

having had

being have

to have

34

on

of

for

at

35

is commonly employed

employed are commonly

were commonly employed

are commonly employed

36

criterion

criteria

criterias

criterions

37

gain

gains

gained

gaining

38

is used

are used

was used

were used

39

look at

look for

look up

look off

40

is

be

are

will be

41

require

requiring

required

will require

42

is performing

are performing

performed

will perform

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. You have found out that the local council is planning to build a new supermarket not far from your school instead of a sports centre. You have decided with your friends to write about this plan to the major newspapers published in your city/region. Write a letter to the editor of an English language newspaper in which you:

• say why you are writing;

• explain why sport is important to people;

• explain why a supermarket should not be built in your area;

• give your reasons why a sports centre would serve your city/region well.

 

ВАРІАНТ 20

 

READING

 

TASK 1

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

IDEAS FOR FAMILY VACATIONS

1._________________________ Family vacations are a time to bond and treasure memories forever. Planning a family vacation requires a lot of preparation as it involves members of the family of different age groups and likings. For a vacation to be productive, one must plan for trips and thrills that you want to experience as a family. The places you plan to see with your family must have age appropriate attractions, and at the same time, it should give dynamic, interactive, and thrilling experiences.

2._________________________ Amusement venues are a good option for the entire family. There is entertainment available for all age groups and one can have an incredible time with rides and attractions. Like Disneyland they have a lot of exciting activities for kids and adults. Nowadays all major cities have some sort of fun parks ranging from exclusive water themes, entertainment themes, and many such innovative ideas.

3._________________________ One can enjoy family ranch vacations. They give you an experience of country lifestyle in comfort and convenience. There are ranches, which offer vacation packages. The family can enjoy ranch tour; learn about horses and horse riding, cattle and other farm animals. There are activities designed for children to keep them entertained. One can take up river rafting or fishing if the ranch is close to the river.

4._________________________ These can be done in winter months and in colder regions of the country. One can enjoy skiing, sledging, ice-skating, ice climbing, and many such exciting activities. You can also simply immerse yourself in the beauty of nature and enjoy making snowman and throwing snowballs' at each other.

5._________________________ It is an adventurous and happy vacation idea. Some families are regular backpackers, who love to live their lives hiking into the wilderness and staying in tents or living in cars or trawlers. Children are fascinated by the sights, smells and sounds of outdoors, and learn a lot about new life skills.

 

A Riding

В Lifestyle vacation

C Barbecues

D Theme parks

E Snow vacation

F Valuable moments

G Gardening

H Camping

 

TASK 2

 

Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A YOUNG CLIMBER

Jordan Romero (born July 12, 1996) is an American mountain climber who, on May 22, 2010, became the youngest person to climb Mount Everest. Romero was accompanied by his father Paul Romero, his fa­ther’s girlfriend Karen Lundgren, and three guides, or sherpas, who know the mountain well. He was inspired to climb the tallest mountains of each continent when he saw a painting in the hallway of his school that had the seven continents’ highest mountains.

Jordan is an experienced mountain climber who has proven himself on many other mountains. When he was just ten years old, he became the youngest person to climb Africa’s highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro. In 2008, he climbed North America’s highest mountain, the 20,000 foot-high Mount Denali in Alaska. So far, as a matter of fact, Jordan has climbed the highest mountain on Earth’s seven continents.

Jordan knew all about the difficulties he could face on his Everest climb. Hurricane-force winds blow atop Everest much of the year. Temperatures can sink to 100 degrees below zero, and climbers often ex­perience difficulty breathing as they climb. His group chose a northern route out of Tibet and carried a GPS tracking device and satellite phone. Along the way to the top, Romero conducted an interview from an intermediate base camp 18,700 feet above sea level. Upon reaching Mount Everest’s summit, a Skype interview' was accomplished.

After Jordan climbed Mount Everest he and Katherine Blanc wrote a book “The Boy Who Conquered Everest: The Jordan Romero Story”. The book is a visual journey through Jordan’s quest, there are pictures of everything from Team Jordan training and base camps to finally standing on the summit of Mt. Everest. There are also inspirational messages and tips on goal-setting from Jordan.

 

6. When Jordan reached the Everest summit he was ... years old.

A 12

В 13

C 14

D 10

7. There were ... who stepped on the Everest top with Jordan.

A two more people

В three more people

C four more people

D five more people

8. Jordan has already proved to be ...

A a competent climber

В an immature climber

C a diligent climber

D a feeble climber

9. Atop Mount Everest, temperatures can ... to 100 degrees below zero.

A rise

В drown

C drop

D blow

10. Jordan was familiar with all the ... he might face on his adventure.

A difficulties

В animals

C sherpas

D climbers

11. After Jordan climbed Mount Everest, he told about his adventures ...

A in a magazine

В in a book

C in a film

D in a Skype programme

 

TASK 3

 

Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (12-16). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

RIDES AND ATTRACTIONS IN VIRGINIA BEACH OCEAN BREEZE WATERPARK

12._________

Runaway Bay Wave Pool

Our million gallon wave pool is Ocean Breeze Waterpark’s very own “ocean” with no sand, no jelly­fish — just a wide beach leading to Hugh Mongous waves. Float the day away in a tube, jump in the deep end waves, play in the spray or stay cool in the shallows — the wave pool has something for everyone in the family.

13._________

Coconut Drops Bamboo Shoots

Perfect for a quick, cool thrill. Here is your chance to go off the deep end with a waterfall rush. Of course you’re not afraid to take the plunge.

14._________

Pirates’ Plummet and Walk the Plank

The two newest slides are not for the faint of heart! They are pirate-themed body slides that allow you to experience the thrills and chills of life on the high seas. Walk the Plank is a 200 foot dark tunnel with an exhilarating 50 foot drop down into Davy Jones’ Locker! Pirates’ Plummet has a tunnel that opens up just as you begin the steep plunge — Straight Down

15._________

Hurricane

Climb to dizzying heights and then rocket feet first down an enclosed tube before plunging into the eye of the hurricane. The pressure builds as you spin, swirl and finally get released for a drop you will never forget.

16._________

South Seas Silly Slides

Everyone loves to slide and splash! This happy trio of slides will send your children smiling into a shal­low pool at the end. Feeling silly too? Parents are welcome to join their kids in the fun!

 

Which attraction is fdled with slides and activities for ...

A those who want to experience the life of a filibuster

В  those who are ready for their first voyage

C those who dare to ride out the storm

D those who prefer energetic excitement

E the whole family

F the smallest ones

G those who like to roam through the spray

H those who are taller than 2 meters

 

TASK 4

 

Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Kite fliers and spectators (17) ________________ experience a visual feast at the Atlantic Coast Kite Festival. This popular event features a variety of activities appropriate for all ages and all levels (18) ________________. Everyone is invited to take part in the Atlantic Coast Kite Festival’s “Best Kite Contest.” To enter this contest, participants must build a kite and (19) ________________. The contest consists of two parts: the actual kite itself and how well it is made, and the participant’s ability (20) ________________. Participants must be able to fly their kites consecutively in the air for 5 minutes (21) ________________. Kites are judged on Flight (ability to fly for 5 minutes), Structural Design, Craftsmanship, and Visual Appeal. There are three competitive divisions: Master, Novice, and Youth (ages 7-14). Kites are photographed and entered (22) ________________, where festival attendees get to vote on their favorite kites! The Best Kite Contest is free to enter.

 

A have fun

В  of all ages

C in the “People’s Choice” contest

D of kite lovers

E bring it to the festival

F all around the year

G at a height of 100 feet

H to fly the kite

 

USE OF ENGLISH

 

TASK 5

 

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Monsters on the Beach brings (23) __________________ to the Virginia Beach oceanfront as Mon­ster Trucks battle for ultimate sand domination! This family-targeted (24) __________________ is loud, fast, and exciting. A (25) __________________ is built right on the beach at 6th Street, with bleachers overlooking from the boardwalk. Sand dunes and junk cars combine to make the race course fast and fun for drivers and spectators alike.

This is a ticketed event, with (26) __________________ designed to fit the family (27) __________________. Each of the four shows is approximately 2 hours in length. Four big shows are held over the weekend.

Local truck owners (28) __________________ the Tough 4x4 Competition and the Eastern Truck & Accessories Show and Shine. These events are designed to accommodate spectators who want to (29) __________________ on the action! At the Tough 4X4 Competition, local drivers tackle the same track used by the big monster trucks. At the Show and Shine, truck enthusiasts enter their vehicles to be (30) __________________ and to win trophies and the honor of displaying their trucks on Sunday.

Monster truck rides are a big hit with the young and the young-at-heart! A smaller, family-friendly course is built on the beach at 4th Street, and rides are offered continually throughout the weekend, even at night! Merchandise is available from local and regional off-road truck shops. The monster truck drivers (31) __________________ merchandise and are available for autograph (32) __________________ follow­ ing each show. A limited number of special Monster Experience VIP tickets include a meet and greet with drivers, Monsters on the Beach t-shirt, and reserved bleacher seating.

 

 

A

В

C

D

23

thrills and chills

throbs and colds

colds and plunges

chills and drills

24

result

occurrence

event

effect

25

pitch

playground

club

course

26

tariffs

prices

tickets

wages

27

cost

budget

quantity

expenses

28

come

intrude

enter

appear

29

get out

get off

get in

Get about

30

ruled

determined

examined

judged

31

sell

unload

stock

exchange

32

sessions

shows

catwalks

performances

 

TASK 6

 

Read the texts below. For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Many people who love the outdoors, and especially state or national parks decide they want to become park rangers. While it is a career open to nearly anyone, it does (33) __________________ a great deal of dedication and hard work, and often (34) __________________ skills that many people do not expect.

The first step to become a park ranger is (35) __________________ what type of ranger you want to be, and whether (36) __________________ the actual job title Park Ranger is important to you, or whether you just want to wear the uniform and work in a park.

Once you know what you want to focus on, you can start getting the education (37) __________________ to become a park ranger.

After acquiring some education, the next step to become a park ranger is to work as a ranger for a while. Most parks want people who (38) __________________ at least two years, and preferably more like four or five years, working (39) __________________. Part time jobs as a park ranger are much (40) __________________ to acquire, and they give in the field training to potential rangers. While (41) __________________ as a seasonal ranger, most people acquire the connections they need to become a park ranger full time, so that when job openings (42) __________________ they have strong references, and may be tipped off to the openings as soon as they are available.

 

 

A

В

C

D

33

take

taking

taken

took

34

involve

involves

is involving

has involved

35

decide

decision

to decide

deciding

36

have

having

to have

has

37

necessarily

more necessary

most necessary

necessary

38

have spent

had spent

has spent

will spent

39

season

seasonally

seasoning

seasoned

40

easir

easy

easier

easiest

41

work

is working

were working

working

42

come in

come up

come on

come round

 

WRITING

 

TASK

 

43. You've received a letter from your German pen-friend. He/she wrote that he/she had problems with the study of German at school and thought that German lessons were tiresome and not interesting. He/she likes Maths and History better than German. Write a letter to your pen-friend in which you write:

• why studying foreign languages is important;

• about the foreign language lessons in your school; about your foreign language teacher/teachers; and

• advise him/her how to make the study of foreign languages easier and more interesting.









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