Матеріали для Нової української школи 1 клас - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити

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SECTION II. READING AND VOCABULARY

Unit 4. FOOD AND MEALS

1. Fill (Ik- words in the table below.

banana

fish

peas

beans

ham

plum

beef

lemon

potatoes

butter

mango

sausages

carrots

melon

star fruit

cheese

milk

tomato

chicken

onions

watermelon

peach

eggs

pear

Fruits

Vegetables

Dairy

Meat

       

2. Divide the following adjectives into groups according to their meaning.

Bland, sweet, sour, green, cylindrical, Indian, round, spicy, hot, cold, oval, Italian, soft, crumbly, creamy, delicious, Japanese, crunchy, British, oily, crispy, cream white, hard, fluffy, Chinese, chewy, disgusting, purple, Ukrainian.

Taste

Shape

Colour

Texture

origin

1. sweet

1. round

1. green

1. chewy

1. Chinese

3. Complete the statements. Use the words from the box.

sour

lull

 

rich

moist

bitter

sweet

dry

thirsty            starve          succulent

1 A lemon or an unripe apple tastes _____.

2 After eating a lot or when something can’t have more put in it, we say _____._____________________

3 What word means not having enough water, liquid, or moisture?

4 This word is most often heard when talking of wealth. When a cake or sauce contains a lot of dairy products such as butter, cream or eggs we say it is _____.      

5 When a person wants a drink they are  _____.

6 What word is used favourably about cakes and bread and is the opposite of dry?

7 The real meaning of this word is to die or suffer from hunger, but we use it colloquially to describe being hungry. This word is _____.      

8 A word used when talking about fruit or meat that means it is juicy and tastes good is _____.______________

9 Something that taste like unsweetened cocoa or beer is said to be _____.______________________

10 The opposite of sour and means that something tastes of sugar or honey is _____.___________________

4. Fill in the missing words.

dish

sausage

cheese

barley

yellow

jam

fish

Black pudding is a (1) _____ made by cooking pig’s or cow’s blood. It is usually served as part of a traditional full breakfast in England.

Toad in the hole is a traditional British dish comprising sausages in Yorkshire pudding batter, usually served with vegetables and gravy. The origin of the name Toad-in-the-Hole’ is vague. Most suggestions are that the dish’s resemblance to a toad sticking its little head out of a hole provide the (2) _____ with its somewhat unusual name.

Cheddar cheese is a hard, pale (3) _____ to orange, sharp-tasting (4) _____ originally (and still) made in the English village of Cheddar, in Somerset. It is the most popular cheese in the United Kingdom, accounting for just over 50% of the country’s annual cheese market.

Scones are a British snack of Scottish origin, similar to a quickbread made of wheat, (5) _____ or oatmeal. British scones are often lightly sweetened, but may also be savoury. They are often eaten with (6) _____ and cream.

A kipper is a whole herring (7) _____ that has been split from tail to head, salted, and smoked. In the UK they are often eaten grilled for breakfast.

5. Match the text with the heading.

1. Yorkshire Pudding

2. Shepherd’s Pie

3. Jellied eels

4. Mushy peas

5. Trifle

A) They are cooked for approximately half an hour and allowed to cool. The juices then solidify forming the jelly. The dish is an East End of London delicacy, often sold with pie and mash. They are no longer commonly eaten in London, but can still be found, especially around the East End.

B) It is a dish made from thick custard, fruit, sponge cake, fruit juice, and whipped cream. These ingredients are usually arranged in layers with fruit and sponge on the bottom, and custard and cream on top. Some trifles contain a small amount of alcohol such as port or, most commonly, sweet sherry.

C) It is not a dessert in spite of its name, although it is similar in some ways to a pancake made with flour, milk and eggs. It is usually eaten with roast beef and gravy as part of a traditional Sunday lunch.

D) They are first soaked overnight in water, and then simmered with a little sugar and salt until they form a thick green lumpy soup. They are a very traditional northern English accompaniment to fish and chips.

E) It is also known as cottage pie, is a traditional English dish comprising minced (ground) meat covered with mashed potato. The meat is typically lamb or beef left over from a Sunday roast. The term tends to be used when the meat is lamb.

6. Choose the words from the list and divide them into the following categories.

Kitchen equipment

Ways of cooking food

Other things you do to food

bake — boil — aluminium foil — can opener — bottle opener

measuring cup — potato peeler — grill — cooker/stove — measuring spoon — fridge — fry

mixing bowl — freezer — chop — roast — slice — bread knife — squeeze — spoon

spatula — grind — steam — dishwasher — wooden spoon — sieve — cooking chopsticks

chopping board — peel — grate — kitchen scales — cheese grater

frying pan — saucepan — serving spoon — toast — stew

coffee grinder — stir — microwave (oven)

7. Head the text and do the task.

Fish and chips is deep-fried fish in batter with deep-fried potatoes, and a popular take-away food. Fish and chips is originally from the United Kingdom, but also very popular in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and some coastal towns of the Netherlands and Norway; and also increasingly so in the United States and elsewhere. For decades it was the dominant (if not the only) take-away food in the United Kingdom.

The fried potatoes are called chips in British and international usage; and while American English calls them french fries, the combination is still called «fish and chips». (Potato chips, an American innovation, are a different potato-derived food, and are known as crisps in the United Kingdom.)

Fish and chips have separately been eaten for many years - though the potato w-as not introduced to Europe until the 17th century. The originally Sephardi dish Pescado frito, or deep-fried fish, came to Netherlands and England with the Spanish and Portuguese Jews in the 17th and 18th centuries. The dish became popular in more widespread circles in London and the south-east in the middle of the 19th century (Charles Dickens mentions a «fried fish warehouse» in Oliver Twist) whilst in the north of England a trade in deep-fried «chipped» potatoes developed. It is unclear when and where these two trades were merged to become the fish and chip shop industry we know today. The first combined fish and chip shop was probably the one opened in London by Joseph Malin in 1860.

During World War II. fish and chips were one of the few- foods that w-ere not rationed in the UK.

1 Fish and chips are popular only in England.

A True

В False

C We don’t know

2 Americans call «French fries» what British call «chips».

A True

В False

C We don’t know

3 Americans call «chips» what British call «crisps».

A True

В False

C We don’t know

4 The potato was introduced to Europe in the 18th century.

A True

В False

C We don’t know

5 The dish became popular in the 19th century.

A True

В False

C We don't know

6 The first fish and chip shop was opened in the 19th century.

A True

В False

C We don’t know

7 Fish and chips were not eaten during World War II.

A True

В False

C We don’t know

8. Bead the text and do the tasks.

A. Soda pop has an interesting story. The story begins with mineral water. Mineral water comes from springs. In many places, people take baths in mineral water. They say washing with mineral water is good for their health. Some say drinking mineral water is also good for people.

Mineral water has bubbles in it. People learned to make bubbly water in the 1770’s. They added CO2 to water with a machine to make the water bubbly. The machine was the “soda fountain." They called the new bubbly water “soda water” or “carbonated water.” American drug stores sold soda water. Druggists put good-tasting flavors in the soda water. People drank soda water for their health. Many people liked it for its good flavor. Many people went to the soda fountain every day. Most soda fountains were in drug stores or ice cream shops. In the early 1900’s, people bought soda water in bottles. Later in the 1900’s, people started to buy flavored soda water in cans. Now it is sold in many containers in grocery stores and other places where food is sold. Some people call it “pop.” Some say “soda.” Other people call it “cola,” “tonic,” or “soda pop.”

B. Choose the correct item.

1 People said mineral water baths were...

A good for people’s health.

В best in the spring time.

C good-tasting.

D Both A and В are correct.

2 What was a soda fountain?

A A drug store

В A bath machine

C A machine which made ice cream

D A machine which made bubbly water

3 At first, Americans bought soda water...

A at ice cream shops.

В at grocery stores.

C at drug stores.

D Both A and C are correct.

4 Where does mineral water come from?

A Soda fountains

В Ice machines

C Machines

D Springs

5 “Soda” and “pop” are...

A both mineral water.

В both soda water.

C the same thing.

D Both В and C are correct.

C. Choose the correct item.

1 Bathing is...

A drinking water.

В washing with water.

C selling bubbly water.

D putting bubbles in water.

2 Bubbly water is...

A good tasting.

В a drug.

C fizzy.

D cold.

3 Carbonated water is water with...

A CO2.

В bubbles.

C good-tasting things added.

D Both A and В are correct.

4 A flavor is...

A ice cream.

В a drink.

C a taste.

D soda.

5 Grocery stores are...

A drug stores.

В food stores.

C soda fountains.

D ice cream shops.

9. Bead the text and do the tasks.

Chocolate — there’s nothing quite like it, is there? Chocolate is simply delicious. What is chocolate? Where does it come from? Christopher Columbus was probably the first to take cacao beans from the New World to Europe in around 1502. But the history of chocolate goes back at least 4,000 years! The Aztecs, who lived in America, thought that their bitter cacao drink was a divine gift from heaven. In fact, the scientist Carolus Linnaeus named the plant Theobroma, which means “food of the gods.” The Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez went to America in 1519. He visited the Mexican emperor Montezuma. He saw that Montezuma drank cacao mixed with vanilla and spices. Cortez took some cacao home as a gift to the Spanish King Charles. In Spain, people began to drink Cortez’s chocolate in a drink with chili peppers. However, the natural taste of caocao was too bitter for most people. To sweeten the drink, Europeans added sugar to the cacao drink. As a sweet drink, it became more popular. By the 17th century, rich people in Europe were drinking it. Later, people started using chocolate in pastries, like pies and cakes. In 1828, Dutch chocolate makers started using a new process for removing the fat from cacao beans, and getting to the center of the cacao bean. The Dutch chocolate maker Conrad J. van Houten made a machine that pressed the fat from the bean. The resulting powder mixed better with water than cacao did. Now, some call van Houten’s chocolate “Dutch chocolate.”

It was easy to mix Dutch chocolate powder with sugar. So other chocolate makers started trying new recipes that used powdered chocolate. People started mixing sweetened chocolate with cocoa butter to make solid chocolate bars. In 1849, an English chocolate maker made the first chocolate bar. In the 19th century, the Swiss started making milk chocolate by mixing powdered milk with sweetened chocolate. Milk chocolate has not changed much since this process was invented. Today, two countries — Brazil and Ivory Coast — account for almost half the world’s chocolate. The United States imports most of the chocolate in the world, but the Swiss eat the most chocolate per person. The most chocolate eaten today is sweet milk chocolate, but people also eat white chocolate and dark chocolate. Cocoa and dark chocolate are believed to help prevent heart attacks, or help keep them from happening. They are supposed to be good for the circulatory system. On the other hand, the high fat content of chocolate can cause weight gain, which is not good for people’s health. Other health claims for chocolate have not been proven, but some research shows that chocolate could be good for the brain. Chocolate is a popular holiday gift. A popular Valentine’s Day gift is a box of chocolate candies with a card and flowers. Chocolate is sometimes given for Christmas and birthdays. Chocolate eggs are sometimes given at Easter. Chocolate is toxic to some animals. An ingredient in chocolate is poisonous to dogs, cats, parrots, small rodents, and some livestock. Their bodies cannot process some of the chemicals found in chocolate. Therefore, they should never be fed chocolate.

B. Choose the correct item.

1 How did people first consume chocolate?

A As a sweet drink

В As a bitter drink

C As a chocolate bar

D In cakes and pastries E As a white chocolate bar

2 Why did Linnaeus name the plant Theobroma?

A Because he believed it to be a “gift from heaven.”

В Because he believed it to be “food of the gods.”

C Because he thought chocolate to be toxic.

D Because chocolate was so rare.

E Both В and C are correct.

3 Who was Montezuma?

A He was an explorer from Mexico.

В He was the emperor of Mexico.

C He was an explorer from Spain.

D He was the king of Spain.

E He was a baker in Spain.

4 Who made the first powdered chocolate?

A Cortez

В Linnaeus

C Columbus

D van Houten

E King Charles

5 Which people eat the most chocolate per person?

A The Dutch

В The Swiss

C The English

D The Mexicans

E The Brazilians

Виконайте тест

Під час роботи над тестом не можна користуватися будь-якими підручниками, посібниками, словниками тощо.

TEST

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty spaces (1—12) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).

FOOD

Visitors to the US think either that there is no real American food, only (1) _________ borrowed from other countries, or else that the Americans eat only “fast food”. While there is some truth in both these impressions, real American food does exist. The British also have a poor (2) _________ for food. Visitors to Britain often (3) _________ that food in restaurants is badly presented, overdone and has no taste. But the best English food is not generally found in restaurants but in people’s homes. Certain foods are considered essential to traditional British cooking and form the basis of most meals. These (4) _________ bread, pastry and (5) _________ products such as milk, cheese and eggs. Potatoes, especially chips, are eaten at lunch or dinner. A (6) _________ potato (a potato baked whole in its skin) with cheese is a popular “pub lunch”. Good (7) _________ home cooking, i.e. food prepared without spicy or creamy sauces, is something the British are proud of. People’s interest in trying new recipes is encouraged by the many cookery programs on TV. Famous TV (8) _________ include Della Smith and Ainsley Harriott. They give advice about healthy eating. The main idea is to (9) _________ the amount of fatty foods and sugar and to (10) _________ people to eat more fruit and vegetables. When British and American people (11) _________ they can choose from a wide range of eating places: burger bars, pizzerias, fast food outlets. They seem to be (12) _________ a battle between what they want to eat and what is good for them.

1

A courses

В meals

C dishes

D stuff

2

A taste

В status

C experience

D reputation

3

A complain

В argue

C discuss

D persuade

4

A have

В include

C consist

D mean

5

A daily

В organic

C fatty

D vegetarian

6

A coat

В dressed

C jacket

D peeled

7

A easy

В simple

C ordinary

D plain

8

A chefs

В bosses

C chiefs

D directors

9

A ignore

В miss

C reduce

D neglect

10

A encourage

В help

C convince

D assure

11

A take out

В eat out

C get out

D stay out

12

A playing

В fighting

C struggling

D combating









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