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Unit 7. ART

1. Circle odd word out.

1 illustrate, pastel, praise, aspire

2 sketch, stroke, painting, picture

3 watercolor, pastel, oil paint, palette

4 vivid, unique, realistic, miniature

5 miniature, still life, mosaic, portrait

2. Complete the statement.

1 Whoever has painted this still life is a real a____________.

2 We visited die sale of the artist’s early c____________.

3 M____________ is usually a large painting done on the wall.

4 In a w____________ things are made or painted.

5 Greens and browns are typical colours of Ribera's p____________.______________

6 The m____________ of nature is developed in his paintings.

7 I have a small r____________ of Eifel tower.

3. Match the word on the left with its definition on the right.

1 collage

A drawings, messages scribbled on the walls

2 sketch

В paint made of pigment ground in oil

3 oil paint

C a painting, drawing, sculpture, photograph, or other likeness of an individual, especially of the face

4 graffiti

D an art form in which compositions are made out of pieces of paper, cloth, photographs, and other miscellaneous objects, juxtaposed and pasted on a dry ground

5 portrait

E a rapid drawing or painting

4. Match the parts of the word combination.

1 felt-tipped

A realism

2 computer-generated

В life

3 still

C paint

4 oil

D image

5 pictorial

E pen

5. Divide the following adjectives into categories according to their meaning.

Accomplished, distinct, big, realistic, gifted, colourful.



6. Choose the correct item.

1. The success attests his ____________.

A painting

В age

C success

D ability

2. Too many rules might deaden ____________.

A style

В creativity

C design

D paint

3. He ____________ beautifully.

A originates

В transfers

C draws

D makes

4. Tom’s latest book is ____________ photographs of the family upon whom his story is based.

A illustrated with

В accomplished with

C originated from

D composed of

5. They saw some large letters in white ____________.

A painting

В colour

C palette

D paint

6. The true poet is always a true ____________ and words are the instruments of his art.

A creator

В artist

C painter

D workshop

7. He painted nothing but ____________.

A computer-generated image

В mosaic

C still life

D oil paint

7. Kill in the missing letters.

1 It is always easier to criticize than to _om_o_e.

2 Her example was an i_sp_r_ti_ _ to young people.

3 He paints from a_a_e_ _e consisting almost exclusively of grey and mud brown.

4 They _r_i_ed his painting for its clarity and humour.

5 Is it _e_l_s_i_ to expect such results?

6 She is an a_ _o_p_i_he_ painter and a prolific author of stories for children.

7 This letter is a_ _і_u_ document of incalculable value.

8. Head the text and do the tasks.

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was one of the greatest artists of the 20th century. He experimented in many different styles and changed the world of art during his time.

Early Life

Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain in 1881. His father was a drawing teacher. At 10 Pablo became his father's pupil and at the age of 13 he held his first exhibition.

His family moved to Barcelona in 1895 where Pablo joined an art academy. In his early period the young artist painted life as he observed it around him — in cafes and on the streets. As a young man he took interest in masterpieces of famous artists like El Greco and de Goya.

At the turn of the century, Picasso went to Paris, which was, at that time, the centre of art and literature.

Blue and Rose period

In 1901 a close friend of Picasso shot himself. This had a great impact on Pablo. He was very sad and began painting his pictures in grey and blue tones instead of bright, vivid colours. This part of his career is called his Blue Period (1901-1904)

Later on, he changed his painting style and started using more earth colours — rose, pink or brown. He liked to paint pictures of circus life with dancers and acrobats. This rose period lasted until 1907.


When Picasso started working with his friend and fellow painter Georges Braque in Paris they started experimenting with a new style that was called cubism.

Picasso and Braque didn’t want to show nature as it really was. They thought that all objects in nature had geometric forms. In cubism, objects were cut into many flat shapes, which looked like a puzzle. All the sides of a person’s face, for example, were shown at once, maybe even with three eyes instead of two .Cubist painters wanted to show all parts of an object from one angle.

Picasso and Braque also experimented with other materials, like cloth and newspaper clippings, which they glued onto the canvas. This technique became later known as collage.


In 1917 Picasso went to Rome to design costumes and scenery for a Russian ballet company. During this period he fell back to classical forms and painting techniques but never gave up experimenting with cubism.

Civil War

In 1936 Civil War broke out in Spain. During this period he painted his masterpiece Guernica. It shows the terrified people of the ancient Spanish town which was bombed during the Civil War. Picasso was shocked by this inhuman act and in his painting he shows people running in the streets and screaming with their mouths wide open. To display his sadness and anger he used only black and white as well as shades of grey.

During World War II Picasso lived in Paris which, at that time, was under Nazi occupation. The Nazis didn’t like his modern paintings and Picasso had to hide them in a secret vault in the Bank of France.

Later life

After the war Picasso moved to a big house in the southern part of France. There, he continued experimenting with paintings and sculptures.

He continued his work up to his death in 1973. Picasso was known as a very moody person and he also displayed this in his paintings. Sometimes he was thoughtful, even sad, and at other times he could be very humorous. Picasso was never satisfied with his own work and he never stopped experimenting. For his great imagination and skill he is called «El Maestro» of modem art.

A. Answer the following questions.

Where and when was Pablo Picasso born?

What did he do in Barcelona and who influenced him there?

Why did Picasso go to Paris?

What are the Rose and Blue periods in his life?

What are the features of cubism? Describe!

Who experimented with Picasso in his early years?

How was a person’s face often shown?

What is a collage?

What did Picasso do in Rome and how did he change his painting style there?

What were his thoughts about World War II?

What does his painting «Guernica» show?

Where did Picasso live after World War II?

B. Mulch the words with the definitions.



1. Special clothes that actors wear



2. A piece of cloth that you paint on



3. То make something stick



4. When people enter a country and take control of it



5. A show of paintings or other objects that people go to and see



6. The talent that a person has



7. A painting or a piece of music that is the best an artist has ever made



8. The position from which you look at something



9. An object that an artists make out of stone, wood etc.



10. A room with thick walls where you keep money and other valuable things



11. Old, traditional



12. Very frightened, afraid



13. To become a member of



14. Material used for making clothes



15. Type of a colour



16. Shout out because you are afraid of something



17. Make or draw something

C. Put the sentences into the correct order.

______________ Picasso went to Rome to work for a ballet company.

______________ He joined an art academy in Barcelona.

______________ Picasso was born in Spain in 1881.

______________ During the Spanish Civil War he painted his masterpiece «Guernica».

______________ At the turn of the century he went to Paris.

______________ During the Blue Period he painted with grey and blue tones.

______________ Braque and Picasso started experimenting with cubism.

______________ Up to his death in 1973 Picasso lived in South France.

Виконайте тест

Під час роботи над тестом не можна користуватися будь-якими підручниками, посібниками, словниками тощо.


Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty spaces (1—12) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).


In Britain, works of art are (1) _____________ in art galleries and, especially outside London, in museums.

Shops that sell paintings are also (2) _____________ galleries. In the US public art collections are displayed in art museums, and a gallery is a place where people go to buy works of art.

Many galleries and museums in Britain and the US receive limited financial (3) _____________ from national or local government. Some galleries obtain money through sponsorship. Works of art are often expensive and galleries can rarely buy them without organizing a public appeal or, in Britain, (4) _____________ money from the National Art Collections Fund.

Visiting an art gallery is a popular leisure activity for a large number of British people. Galleries and museums are friendlier places than they used to be. Many try to (5) _____________ children’s interest in art by (6) _____________ school visits. Most Americans make their first (7) _____________ to an art museum with their school class, but when they are older, they usually only visit museums when they travel on vacation.

The most popular galleries in Britain, all in London, are the National Gallery, which (8) _____________ over 4 million visitors a year, the Tate Gallery, which specializes in the work of British artists. Important art museums in the US include the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

Galleries sometimes mount exhibitions of the paintings of one artist, e.g. Turner, that are brought together from all over the world. People are (9) _____________ to queue for a long time to see them. Many people admire old masters, famous works by great artists, but have little interest in modern art. New works receive (10) _____________ in the media only when they are unusual or likely to shock people. Galleries and museums try to encourage a more positive (11) _____________ to modern art but many people (12) _____________ doubtful.


A presented

В seen

C displayed

D shown


A said

В called

C known

D proclaimed


A defense

В money

C protection

D support


A asking

В asking for

C begging

D demanding


A encourage

В start

C begin

D bring


A arranging

В doing

C making

D realizing


A voyage

В trip

C journey

D tour


A receives

В bears

C obtains

D experiences


A glad

В prepared

C happy

D willing


A fame

В celebrity

C reputation

D publicity


A attitude

В position

C survey

D meaning


A continue

В go

C remain

D rest

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