Матеріали для Нової української школи 1 клас - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА - підготовка до ЗНО 2018
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SECTION III. TESTS

TEST 2

TASK 1

Read the texts below. For texts 1—5 choose the correct answer A, В or C. Mark the correct letter A, В or C on your answer sheet.

1.

According to the announcement information...

A A company wants to hire some people.

В Travel agents are required.

C A manager is looking for a job.

2.

What does the sign say?

A Do not park here.

B Do not park near the road.

C It is forbidden to park in front of the gates.

3.

What does an announcement imply?

A There will be an excursion.

В Everyone will travel free.

C The trip will take a day.

4.

What is the main idea of the letter?

A The kites are different.

В An information about kites is needed.

C Price of kites is not necessary.

5.

What does the e-mail say?

A The staff is waiting for Joe.

B Nick will return on Friday.

C Joe has lots of tasks to do in San Francisco.

TASK 2

Read the text below. Match choices (A—H) to 6—10. There are three choices you don’t need to use.

6. Modern cities all over the world face the same problems. One of them is poor housing. People often live in old houses or huts that don’t have electricity or sanitation. As city population grows governments don’t have the money to build modem apartment buildings. Cars and industries are polluting city air and rivers more and more. Waste that people throw away is burned or ends up in landfills. All of this makes modem cities an unhealthy place to live in.

7. The Industrial Revolution and the growth of factories changed the lives of many people. Many people started to leave their farms in the countryside and moved to tire cities where they hoped to get jobs in new factories. Machines could do work much quicker than people. Many skilled craft workers lost their work. The industrial city focused on factories, warehouses, railway lines and harbours. Workers lived in cheap terraced houses. The central parts of the city were very crowded; the air was polluted by the smoke coming out of the factories. Garbage and rusting metal was dumped everywhere. Factory workers had tiring jobs, in which they worked up to 16 hours a day.

8. The term metropolitan area is used to define the city itself and the surrounding suburbs or other urban areas. The city of New York, for example, has a population of 8 million, but its metropolitan area includes many other cities around it: a total of about 20 million people in all. Megalopolis is a term used to describe large cities that are so close to each other that they start to grow together. Boswash, for example, is a megalopolis that reaches from Boston to Washington, D.C. New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore also belong to this region. Almost 50 million people live here. Megacity is a word used to describe very large cities, mostly over 10 million people. Examples are Mexico City, Sao Paolo, Mumbai and others. Most of them are in developing countries where thousands of people migrate from the countryside to the cities every day.

9. The first real cities emerged in Mesopotamia about 5,000 years ago. In ancient cities people were not only fanners, they also were craftsmen. People lived together in larger houses or buildings. Many cities had walls around them that protected the inhabitants from enemies. The central part of the city included a temple or a place to pray. The biggest ancient city was Rome. Up to one million people lived there, in many aspects Rome was a modern city with streets, market places, arenas, parks and even a sewage system

10. After the fall of the Roman Empire the population of cities fell. Trading between cities, which the Romans started, stopped again. Medieval cities were small in size. The centre was often occupied by a Gothic cathedral, the city’s main church. It was the most expensive building in the city and showed that religion was very important during the Middle Ages. As in ancient cities, medieval ones were dirty and diseases spread quickly. Land in the city was very expensive. Cities could not expand because of the walls around them. In some cases, city governments tore down the walls and rebuilt them farther away from the city.

This cities

A are overcrowded

В are surrounded by suburbs

C are very green

D had walls around them

E are influenced by industrial development

F are very rich

G were small and dirty

H face lots of problems

TASK 3

Read the text below. Decide if each sentence 11—15 at the bottom of the page is True or False.

Agent: Hi! Welcome to Rental Property Management. How may I help you?

Bill: Hi, yes. I'm interested in renting a two-bedroom apartment.

Agent: Okay. If you have a seat, one of our rental agents will be with you in a moment.

Bill: Thank you.

Associate: Hi, my name is Ann Smith.

Bill: Hi, I'm Bill Harrington.

Ann: Hi, Mr. Harrington. So that we will be able to match your needs better, I would like to ask you a few questions before I show you what we have available. First, what price range were you interested in?

Bill: Somewhere between $400-5450 a month.

Ann: Okay. Did you have a specific location in mind?

Bill: Well, I would like to live somewhere near the university. Or at least on a bus line.

Ann: And when would you like to move in?

Bill: On the first of the month.

Ann: Okay. Are there any other amenities which you would like to have? For example, a dishwasher, a balcony, a swimming pool or central air conditioning?

Bill: I would definitely like to have a dishwasher, and with summers like these, central air! A balcony is not that important. Oh, yes, and two bathrooms would be nice.

Ann: Okay. Here are photos of the apartments we have available which fit your preferences.

Bill: Thank you. This one on Broadway Avenue looks nice. I would like to see that one. And the one on Main Street.

Ann: Sure. Let me get the keys and we will go look at them. If you choose to rent one of them, we will need a damage deposit of $250. You will be responsible for all the utilities. You can sign a lease today, if you like. Bill: Great! Thank you.

11 Ann is a rental agent.

A True             

В False

12 At first, they discuss location of the flat.

A True             

В False

13 Bill wants to rent a flat as cheap as possible.

A True             

В False

14 He has some priorities of a flat location.

A True             

В False

15 He wants to move in a week.

A True             

В False

TASK 4

Read the text below. For questions (16—20) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Recently, a couple in New Zealand were forbidden from naming their baby son 4Real. Even though New Zealand has quite liberal rules about naming children, names beginning with a number are not allowed. They decided to call him Superman instead. In many countries around the world, unusual names for children are becoming more popular, especially since the increasing trend for celebrities to give their children wacky names. In Britain, you can call a child almost anything you like — the only restrictions on parents relate to offensive words such as swear words. Some parents choose names which come from popular culture. For example, there have been six boys named Gandalf after the character in the Lord of the Rings novels and films. Equally, names relating to sport are fairly common — since 1984, 36 children have been called Arsenal after the football team. Other parents like to make up names, or combine names to make their own unique version, a method demonstrated by Jordan, the British model, who recently invented the name Tiaamii for her daughter by combining the names Thea and Amy (the two grandmothers). She was quoted as saying that the accent and double letters were added to make the name ‘more exotic’.

Other countries have much stricter rules when it comes to naming children. Countries including Japan, Denmark, Spain, Germany and Argentina have an approved list of names from which parents must choose. In China, there are some rules about what you may call a child — no foreign letters or symbols are allowed. As a result a couple was recently banned from calling their baby @.

In Britain, some names which were previously thought of as old-fashioned have become more popular again, such as Maisie or Ella for a girl, or Alfie or Noah for a boy. But the most popular names are not the wacky ones. The top names are fairly traditional — Jack, Charlie and Thomas for boys and Grace, Ruby and Jessica for girls.

16 What name of a football team did many parents choose to call a child?

A Arsenal 

В Dynamo

C Real   

D Chelsea

17 What kind of names is banned in many countries?

A National

В Modern

C Popular

D Swear

18 Why did Jordan choose such name for her daughter?

A It was her grandmother’s name.

В It sounded original.

C It sounded exotic.

D It was her favorite name.

19 Which country has a special list of children’s names?

A Chili  

В Britain

C USA 

D Argentina

20 What old-fashioned names become popular again?

A Maisie and Ella.

В Jane and   Nicole.

C Ruby and Jessica.

D Jordan and Tiaamii

TASK 5

Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty spaces (21—30) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D) for each space.

The Netherlands is one of the Low Countries, so named because much of its land is below sea 21 _____ tor is comprised of wetlands. (They say the Netherlands is so flat, that if you stand on a chair, you can see clear across the whole country!) The Netherlanders have reclaimed much land from the sea through the 22 _____ of dikes and windmills. Their famous windmills have been 23 _____ since the early sixteenth century to pump water out of the wet areas into canals and 24 _____ more land for agriculture. Dikes were built to 25 _____ the sea at bay and prevent flooding. Since much of the Netherlands’ coastal land was soggy, special shoes were 26 _____ to work the fields. Rubber boots weren’t convenient, so the Dutch took to wearing “sabots” or wooden shoes. Such shoes, 27 _____ from beech or chestnut wood, are water resistant and 28 _____ for walking in the wetlands. 29 _____ wooden shoes and windmills are not used much anymore, they will always be a symbol of the Netherlands’ battle with the sea and are great tourist 30 _____.

21

A level

В height

C altitude

D horizon

22

A construction

В constitution

C composition

D fabrication

23

A consumed

В treated

C exercised

D used

24

A discover

В create

C invent

D make

25

A preserve

В support

C keep

D protect

26

A lacked

В missed

C needed

D called

27

A made

В done

C fulfilled

D executed

28

A good

В perfect

C suitable

D well

29

A So

В When

C Where

D While

30

A attractions

В sights

C places

D locations

WRITING

1. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Sam who writes:

...We're doing a project this month at school on eating habits and customs around the world. Will you be able to help me by telling me what the traditional meals are in your country, what people typically eat and at what time of day?

Thanks very much!

Love Alison.

Write a letter to Sam.

In your letter

answer his questions

ask 3 questions about his school project and traditions of his country.

Write 100—140 words.

2. Comment on the following statement.

"Cars should be banned from the centres of all major cities."

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200—250 words.

Use the following plan:

- make an introduction (state the problem)

- express your personal opinion and give 2—3 reasons for your opinion

- express an opposing opinion and give 1—2 reasons for this opposing opinion

- explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

- make a conclusion restating your position









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