Матеріали для Нової української школи 1 клас - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА - підготовка до ЗНО 2018
Навчальний посібник

SECTION IV. SPEAKING

Lesson 1

1 Task I. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The Finns may be more diligent about preparing their kids for the future than most nationalities. But they do seem to do it with unusual degree of conviction about what's going to be important- one big reason they buy their teenagers mobile phones and foot the monthly bills about 40 dollars. A study by the Information Society Research Center at the University of Tampere (sponsored by wireless operator Sonera, Nokia and Tekes, the government agency that promotes technology and doles out development capital) concludes that parents see a mobile phone as a “key to the information society”.

Keeping tabs on the little rascals may be just a supplementary benefit-and maybe not even a benefit, if Heidi, a 15 year-old in LeenaNordman's English class, is to be believed. “My mom's always calling me,“ she says, rolling her eyes.

When Norman a Physical Education teacher tells her students that they're allowed to get their phones out one spring day, they all proudly do so. Some of the boys immediately start playing games built into the small, colorful devices. And Heidi and a few kids are eager to tell other people about their obsession.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting crafts lessons and now you’d like to get more information, in 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) phone number

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these arc photos I'm in your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You Mill have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 2

1 Task 1. Imagine that you arc preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and von want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The sun is a giant ball of glowing gases made up of hydrogen, helium and otherelements. It is the closest star to Earth and scientists have named it Sol. The sun is 1,392,000 km in diameter which is 109 times that of tire Earth. It takes about 8 minutes for the light of the sun to travel to Earth. This is called the speed of light.

Sunspots are dark areas that appear on the surface of the sun. They ate slightly cooler than the test of tire surface but still extremely hot. You should never look directly at the sun to see these spots because the intense light could seriously damage your eyes.

Solar flares are large explosions on the sun’s surface which release huge amounts of gas and plasma into tire atmosphere. They also create magnetic storms that can cause power failures and interfere with satellites orbiting the Earth.

A solar eclipse is when the moon passes between the sun and the Earth, blocking out the sun’s light. A partial eclipse is when the sun is only partially blocked by the moon._______________

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) tuition fee     

2) course location

3) duration of tire course

4) website        

5) phone number

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• «'here and when the photo «'as taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs, in 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 3

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

In 1961 on the 12th of April, a Russian man called Yuri Gagarin became the first human being to travel into outer space. Eight years later, a man called Neil Armstrong became the first human being to walk on the moon and step onto another world away from the Earth.

Astronauts or cosmonauts are trained to pilot, command or work as a crew member of a spacecraft. They can also perform scientific experiments, repair damaged satellites and collect information about other distant planets and stars.

Space is an extremely dangerous place for a human being. For this reason astronauts wear space suits which allow them to breathe. If an astronaut did not wear a space suitfor protection, they would explode. This is because there is no atmosphere in space. The human body is not built to function without pressure of die Earth's atmosphere.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering a party and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) event

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to      your friend.

You will have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have talk continuously, starting with:

«I've chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 4

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you w ant to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Make your reservations now. The space tourism industry is officially open for business, and tickets cost at least $20 million for a one-week stay in space. Despite reluctance from NASA, Russia made American businessman Dennis Tito the world's first space tourist. Tito flew into space aboard a Russian Soyuz rocket that arrived at the International Space Station on Арril30, 2001. The second space tourist, South African businessman Mark Shuttleworth, look off aboard the Russian Soyuz on April 25,2002, also bound for tire ISS. Greg Olsen, an American businessman, became tourist number three to the ISS on October l,2005.0n September 18,2006, Anousheh Ansari, a telecommunications entrepreneur, became the first female space tourist and the fourth space tourist overall. She was also tire first person of Iranian descent to make it into space. Charles Simonyi, a software architect, became tire fifth space tourist on April 7, 2007. Space tourism will be one of the most lucrative industries in the 21 st century. There are already several space tourism companies planning to build suborbital vehicles and orbital cities within the next two decades. These companies have invested millions, believing that tire space tourism industry is on the verge of taking off.

http://science.howstuffw'orks.com/space-tourism.htm (abridged and adapted)

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starling decoration lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5     minutes you are to ask live direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee             

2) location

3) opening hours 

4) special information

5) website

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs, in 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 5

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Ancient Greek art saw the veneration of the animal form and the development of equivalent skills to stow musculature, poise, beauty and anatomically correct proportions. Ancient Roman art depicted gods as idealized humans, shown with characteristic distinguishing features (e.g. Jupiter’s thunderbolt). In Byzantine and Gothic art of the Middle Ages, the dominance of the church insisted on the expression of biblical and not material truths. Eastern art has generally worked in a style akin to Western medieval art, namely a concentration on surface patterning and local colour (meaning the plain colour of an object, such as basic red for a red robe, rather than the modulations of that colour brought about by light, shade and reflection). A characteristic of this style is that the local colour is often defined by an outline (a contemporary equivalent is the cartoon). This is evident in, for example, the art of India, Tibet and Japan. Religious Islamic art forbids iconography, and expresses religious ideas through geometry instead. The physical and rational certainties depicted by the 19th- century' Enlightenment were shattered not only by new discoveries of relativity by Einstein and of unseen psychology by Freud, but also by unprecedented technological development.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting art lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes von are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) address

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and still speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 6

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. Von have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Geography is the science that studies the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of the Earth. A literal translation would be «to describe or write about the Earth». The first person to use the word «geography» was Eratosthenes (276-194 BC). Four historical traditions in geographical research are the spatial analysis of the natural and the human phenomena (geography as the study of distribution), the area studies (places and regions), the study of the human-land relationship, and research in the Earth sciences. Modern geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand tire Earth and all of its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Geography has been called «the world discipline» and «the bridge between the human and the physical science». Geography is divided into two main branches: human geography and physical geography.__________________________________

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting reading lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes von are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) dates

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that those are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 7

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

A bridge is a structure built to span a gorge, valley, road, railroad track, river, body of water, or any other physical obstacle. Designs of bridges will vary depending on the function of the bridge and the nature of the terrain where the bridge is to be constructed.

The first bridges were spans made of wooden logs or planks and eventually stones, using a simple support and crossbeam arrangement. Most of these early bridges were very poorly built and could rarely support heavy weights. It was this inadequacy which led to the development of better bridges. The arch was first used by the Roman Empire for bridges and aqueducts, some of which still stand today. These arch based bridges could stand in conditions that would damage or destroy more primitive designs.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering eating chili and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) e-mail

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these are photos front your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 8

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Forestry is the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and restoring forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The main goal of forestry is to create and implement systems that manage forests to provide environmental supplies and services. The challenge of forestry is to create systems that are socially accepted while sustaining the resource and any other resources that might be affected.

Forests cover approximately 9.4 percent of the Earth’s surface (or 30 percent of total land area), though they once covered much more (about 50 percent of total land area), in many different regions and function as habitats for organisms, hydrologic flow modulators, and soil conservers, constituting one of the most important aspects of the biosphere.___________________________________

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting safari and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) date

4) special information

5) address

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Task 3. Imagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences), in your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the 1st» photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 9

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

I he moon orbits, or circles the Earth, and always shows tire same side pointing towards us. It is the second brightest object in the sky, but it does not produce light of its own. The moon reflects the light from the sun and it bounces back to Earth. The temperature of the moon’s surface can vary greatly as there is no atmosphere to keep the temperature constant. During the day temperatures can reach a scorching 120°C and at night can drop to an icy -230°C. The surface of the moon is covered with large mountains, valleys, and deep craters. These craters were formed by meteorite impacts and volcanic activity. No animals or plants could survive on the moon.

A lunar month (the time between full moons) is 29 days, 12 hours and 43 minutes. It takes 27 days, 7 hours and 43 minutes for the moon to orbit the Earth. The moon rises in the east and sets in the west.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

“‘Bt- 9ШпеГ ‘Valentine. €vent!

You are considering celebration and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes von are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) date

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You still have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and still speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences), in your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 10

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Metalworking is the process of working with metals to create individual parts, assemblies, or large-scale structures. The term covers a wide range of work from large ships and bridges to precise engine parts and delicate jewelry. It therefore includes a correspondingly wide range of skills, processes, and tools.

Metalworking is a science, art, hobby, industry and trade. Its historical roots span cultures, civilizations, and millennia Metalworking has evolved from the discovery of smelting various ores, producing malleable and ductile metal useful for tools and adornments. Modern metalworking processes, though diverse and specialized, can be categorized as forming, cutting, or joining processes. Today’s machine shop includes a number of machine tools capable of creating a precise, useful workpiece._________________________

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting summer camp and now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) classes

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) phone number

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs, in 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the      photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 11

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Origami is the art of paper folding, which is often associated with Japanese culture. In modern usage, the word «origami» is used as an inclusive term for all folding practices, regardless of their culture of origin. The goal is to transform a flat sheet square of paper into a finished sculpture through folding and sculpting techniques. Modern origami practitioners generally discourage the use of cuts, glue, or markings on the paper. Origami folders often use the Japanese word kirigami to refer to designs which use cuts, although cutting is more characteristic of Chinese papercrafts.

The small number of basic origami folds can be combined in a variety of ways to make intricate designs. The best-known origami model is the Japanese paper crane. In general, these designs begin with a square sheet of paper whose sides may be of different colors, prints, or patterns.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering going to the party and now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you arc to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) address

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show' the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 12

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The field of electronics comprises the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers, e.g. electron holes) in devices such as thermionic valves and semiconductors. The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an integral technique in the field of electronics engineering and is equally important in hardware design for computer engineering. All applications of electronics involve the transmission of either information or power.

Consumer electronics are electronic devices intended for consumer use. Consumer electronics usually find applications in entertainment, communications and office productivity. Consumer electronics are manufactured throughout the world, although there is a particularly high concentration of manufacturing activity in the Far East.     

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting craft lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes von are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) activities

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Іmagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs, in 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 13

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The London Transport system is one of tire oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, tire Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TIL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by tire Oyster card. TfL also administers tire congestion charge zone and tire low emission zone.

International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through (he Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.      

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering a party and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes von are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) address

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You still have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 14

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all farming generally relies on techniques to expand and maintain the lands suitable for raising domesticated species. For plants, this usually requires some form of irrigation, although there are methods of dryland farming; pastoral herding on rangeland is still the most common means of raising livestock. The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting zoo and now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask live direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) membership

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that those are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences), in your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs, in 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 15

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and von want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter. Chemistry deals with such topics as the properties of individual atoms, how atoms form chemical bonds to create chemical compounds, the interactions of substances through intermolecular forces that give matter its general properties, and the interactions between substances through chemical reactions to form different substances.

Chemistry is sometimes called the central science because it bridges other natural sciences, including physics, geology and biology. For the differences between chemistry and physics see Comparison of chemistry and physics.

Scholars disagree about the etymology of the word chemistry. The history of chemistry can be traced to alchemy, which had been practiced for several millennia in various parts of the world.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering eating out and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) offers

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 16

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

A book is a set of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of ink, paper, parchment, or other materials, fastened together to hinge at one side. A single sheet within a book is a leaf, and each side of a leaf is a page. A set of text-filled or illustrated pages produced in electronic format is known as an electronic book, or e-book.

Books may also refer to works of literature, or a main division of such a work. In library and information science, a book is called a monograph, to distinguish it from serial periodicals such as magazines, journals or newspapers. The body of all written works including books is literature. In novels and sometimes other types of books (for example, biographies), a book may be divided into several large sections, also called books (Book 1, Book 2, Book 3, and so on). An avid reader of books is a bibliophile or colloquially, bookworm.  

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting ballet lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you arc to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) address

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Task 3. Imagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs, in 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the      photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 17

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Alchemy is an influential tradition whose practitioners have, from antiquity, claimed it to be the precursor to profound powers. As described by Paul-Jacques Malouin in The Encyclopedia of Diderot, it is the chemistry of the subtlest kind which allows one to observe extraordinary chemical operations at a more rapid pace - operations that require a long time for nature to produce. Definitions of the objectives of alchemy are varied but historically have typically included one or more of the following goals: the creation of the fabled philosopher’s stone; the ability to transmute base metals into the noble metals (gold or silver); and development of an elixir of life, which would confer youth and longevity.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering party and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) address

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You still have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak lor not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 18

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and von want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, weeks, months, and years. A date is the designation of a single, specific day within such a system. A calendar is also a physical record (often paper) of such a system. A calendar can also mean a list of planned events, such as a court calendar or a partly or fully chronological list of documents, such as a calendar of wills.

Periods in a calendar (such as years and months) are usually, though not necessarily, synchronized with the cycle of the sun or the moon. The calendar in most widespread use today is the Gregorian calendar, introduced in the 16th century as a modification of the Julian calendar, which was itself a modification of the ancient Roman calendar.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering stalling art lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) tickets

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that those are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and still speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs, in 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the      photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 19

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Cycling is a means of transport, a form of recreation, and a sport. It involves riding bicycles, unicycles, tricycles and other human powered vehicles. A bicycle, the most notable instrument of cycling, is a pedal-driven land vehicle with two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other. As a sport, cycling is governed internationally by the Union Cyclistelntemationale, headquartered in Switzerland.

Bicycles were introduced in the 19th century and now number about one billion worldwide. They are the principal means of transportation in many parts of the world.

Cycling is widely regarded as a very effective and efficient mode of transportation optimal for short to moderate distances. Bicycles provide numerous benefits by comparison with motor vehicles, including the sustained physical exercise necessarily involved in cycling, that cycling involves a reduced consumption of fossil fuels, less air or noise pollution, much reduced traffic congestion, easier parking, greater maneuverability, and access to both roads and paths.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting a festival and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) event

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) address

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 20

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Chess is a recreational and competitive game played between two players. The current form of Chess (sometimes called Western chess or international chess) has an international pedigree which evolved from similar, much older games in India and Persia. The modern form of the game emerged in Southern Europe during the second half of the 15th century. Today, chess is one of the world’s most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, in clubs, online, by correspondence, and in tournaments.

The game is played on a square chequered chessboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight square. At the start, each player (one controlling the white pieces, the other controlling the black pieces) controls sixteen pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The object of the game is to checkmate the opponent’s king, whereby the king is under immediate attack (in «check») and there is no way to remove it from attack on the next move.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting festival and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask live direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) event

4) special information

5) people invited

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 21

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and von want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The family Felids includes the lion, the tiger, the domestic cat, and other felines as its members. The first felids emerged about 40 million years ago. The most familiar feline is the domestic cat, which first became associated with humans about 10,000 years ago. Its wild relative, the wildcat, still lives in Europe, Africa and western Asia, although habitat destruction has restricted their range. The domestic cat (or simply «cat», although the term can refer to all felids) is a small carnivorous mammal descended from the African wildcat. The cat is a skilled predator and intelligent animal, known to hunt over 1,000 species for food, and intelligent enough that it can be trained (and can learn by itself) to obey simple commands and manipulate simple mechanisms. It has lived in close association with humans for at least 9,500 years, figuring prominently in the mythology and legends of many cultures.______________________________

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting competition and now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes von are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) fee

2) location

3) opening hours

4) special information

5) medals

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You still have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 22

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and von want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Space (or outer space) describes the vast empty regions between and around planets and stars. The study of these, and other, astronomical objects is called astronomy, one of the oldest sciences. It is often said that space exploration began with the launch of Sputnik 1, the first man-made object to orbit the Earth. Then, in an almost unbelievable feat of human achievement, in 1969 Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin travelled to the Moon and set foot on the surface during the Apollo 11 mission. Recently, it has become clear that the possibility of space colonization may no longer be exclusively reserved for science-fiction stories, and many controversial issues surrounding space have come to light, including commercial spaceflight, space law's and space weapons.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting art lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) tuition fee

2) course location

3) duration of the course

4) number of courses

5) evening classes

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Task 3. Imagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 23

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then he ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, or autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single-decker rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker buses and articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by minibuses and minibuses; coaches are used for longer distance services.

Horse drawn buses were used from 1820, followed by steam buses in the 1830 and electric trolleybuses in 1882. The first buses powered by internal combustion engines were used 1895 and this is still tire most common power source. Recently there has been growing interest in hybrid electric buses, fuel cell buses, electric buses as well as ones powered by compressed natural gas or bio-diesel.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting dance lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) tuition fee

2) course location

3) duration of the course

4) age

5) evening classes

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You still have to stall speaking in 1.5 minutes and still speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

•  where and when the photo was taken

•  what/who is in the photo

•  what is happening

•  why you keep the photo in your album

•  why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

• give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

• say what the pictures have in common

• say in what way the pictures are different

• say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

• explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.

Lesson 24

1 Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Culture generally refers to the patterns of human activity, and the symbolic structures that give such activities significance and importance. Cultures can be «understood as systems of symbols and meanings that even their creators contest, that lack fixed boundaries, that are constantly in flux, and that interact and compete with one another». Culture can be defined as all the ways of life: including arts, beliefs, and institutions of a population that are passed down from generation to generation. Culture has been called «the way of life for an entire society». As such, it includes codes of manners, dress, language, religion, rituals, and norms of behavior, such as law' and morality and systems of belief as well as art.

2 Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering starting dance lessons and now you’d like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes von are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

1) tuition fee

2) course location

3) duration of the course

4) special offers

5) phone number

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

3 Task 3. Imagine that those arc photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present to your friend.

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

• where and when the photo was taken

• what/who is in the photo

• what is happening

• why you keep the photo in your album

• why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, stalling with:

«I’ve chosen photo number...»

4 Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes he ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

•  give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

•  say what the pictures have in common

•  say in what way the pictures are different

•  say which of the activities presented in the pictures you’d prefer

•  explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.









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