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SECTION I. GRAMMAR

Unit 7. THERE IS/ARE. HAVE/HAVE GOT

Зворот there is / there are

Дієслово to be y сполученні зі словом there утворює зворот there is / there are. Зворот має значення «є», «знаходиться».

Теперішній час

Present Indefinite (Simple)

Однина

Множина

Singular

Plural

There is a bus in the street.

There are buses in the street.

There is no bus in the street.

There are no buses in the street.

Is there a bus? There is no bus in the street (повна відповідь). No there isn’t (коротка відповідь)

Are there buses? There are no buses in the street (повна відповідь). Not here aren’t (коротка відповідь)

Минулий час

Past Simple

There was a bus in the street.

There were buses in the street.

There was no bus in the street.

There were no buses in the street.

Was there a bus? There was no bus in the street (повна відповідь). No there wasn’t (короткавідповідь)

Were there buses? There were no buses in the street (повна відповідь). Not here weren't (короткавідповідь)

Значений та функції дієслова to be (бути)

Функцій

Значення

Приклад

Переклад

1.

Смислове дієслово

бути, знаходитись

She is in New-York.

She was in London last summer

Вона у Нью Йорку.

Вона була у Лондоні минулого літа

2.

Допоміжне дієслово

самостійного значення не має

I’m writing a post card.

I was invited to cafe

Я пишу листівку.

Мене запросили до кафе

3.

Дієслово-зв’язка

самостійного значення не має

I’m busy.

I was busy

Я зайнятий.

Я був зайнятий

4.

Модальне дієслово

те що має відбутись, необхідність як наслідок домовленості

They are to come early.

They were to come early

Вони повинні прийти рано.

Вони повинні були прийти рано

Дієслово to have (мати)

Simple

Дієслово to have може вживатись як смислове дієслово (notional verb) у значенні «мати», «володіти», як допоміжне (auxiliary verb) для утворення часів групи Perfect і Participle II та як модальне дієслово-замінник дієслова must (modal verb)

Якщо дієслово to have вживається у значенні мати що-небудь, то має такі форми:

Теперішній час

Present

Стверджувальна

Питальна

Interrogative

Заперечувальна

Affirmative

Negative

повна форма

скорочена форма

повна форма

скорочена форма

I have

I’ve

Have I?

I have not

I haven't

Не has

He's

Has he?

He has not

He hasn’t

She has

She's

Has she?

She has not

She hasn't

It has

It’s

Has it?

It has not

It hasn’t

We have

We've

Have we?

We have not

We haven't

You have

You've

Have you?

You have not

You haven't

They have

They’ve

Have they?

They have not

They haven't

   

Минулий

час

 
   

Past

   

Стверджувальна

Питальна

Заперечувальна

Affirmative

Interrogative

Negative

     

повна форма

скорочена форма

I had

 

I had?

I had not

I hadn’t

He had

 

Had he?

He had not

He hadn’t

She had

 

Had she?

She had not

She hadn't

It had

 

Had it?

It had not

It hadn't

We had

 

Had we?

We had not

We hadn’t

You had

 

Had you?

You had not

You hadn't

They had

 

Had they?

They had not

They hadn't

Якщо дієслово to have вживається у значенні постійного володіння, наявності постійного стану або явища, то для утворення питальних і заперечних речень використовують допоміжне дієслово to do:

Теперішній час

Present

Стверджувальна

Питальна

Interrogative

Заперечувальна

Affirmative

Negative

повна форма

скорочена форма

повна форма

скорочена форма

I have

I've

Do I have

I do not have

I don’t have

Не has

He’s

Does he have?

He does not have

He doesn’t have

She has

She's

Does she have?

She does not have

She doesn’t have

It has

It’s

Does it have?

It does not have

It doesn’t have

We have

We’ve

Do we have?

We do not have

We don’t have

You have

You've

Do you have?

You do not have

You don’t have

They have

They’ve

Do they have?

They do not have

They don’t have

Минулий час

Past

Стверджувальна

Питальна

Заперечувальна

Affirmatіve

Interrogative

Negative

     

повна форма

скорочена форма

I had

 

Did I have

I did not have

I didn’t have

He had

 

Did he have?

He did not have

He didn’t have

She had

 

Did she have?

She did not have

She didn’t have

It had

 

Did it have?

It did not have

It didn’t have

We had

 

Did we have?

We did not have

We didn't have

You had

 

Did you have?

You did not have

You didn't have

They had

 

Did they have?

They did not have

They didn’t have

           

Зворот have got / has got (мати, володіти)

Теперішній час

Present Simple

Стверджувальна

Affirmative

Питальна

Interrogative

Заперечувальна

Negative

повна форма

скорочена форма

повна форма

скорочена форма

I have got

He has got

She has got

It has got

We have got

You have got

They have got

I’ve got

He’s got

She’s got

It’s got

We've got

You've got

They’ve got

Have I got?

Has he got?

Has she got?

Has it got?

Have we got?

Have you got?

Have they got?

I have not got

He has not got

She has not got

It has not got

We have not got

You have not got

They have not got

I haven't

He hasn't

She hasn’t

It hasn’t

We haven’t

You haven’t

They haven’t

Значення та функції дієслова to have

Функція

Значення

Приклад

Переклад

1.

Смислове дієслово

мати, володіти

I have a book

У мене є книга

 

Частина вислову

самостійного значення не має

They had a good rest in summer

Влітку вони добре відпочили

2.

Допоміжне дієслово

самостійного значення не має

I have done the test

Я зробив тест

3.

Модельне дієслово

необхідність через які-небудь обставини

I had to ask for help

Я був вимушений звернутись за допомогою

  1. Write There is or There tire to complete the sentences. Mind singular or plural of the nouns.

1 ___________ a bag on the table.

2 ___________ a calendar on the wall.

3 ___________ two posters in my room.

4 ___________ a banana in this basket

5 ___________ six chairs in the kitchen.

6 ___________ lots of books in the shelf.

7 ___________ a mirror in our hall.

8 ___________ 12 cushions on the sofa

9 ___________ a big wardrobe in my sister’s bedroom.

10 __________ children in the yard.

  1. Circle the correct variant.

1 I ___________ cold. (= I feel cold)

A have

В am

2 I ___________ a cold. (= I am sick)

A am

В have

3 ___________ a little hungry.

A I’m

В I’ve

4 He ___________ a lot of money.

A has

В is

5 These students ___________ very smart.

A have

В are

6 Thomas ___________ two children.

A has

В is

7 I ___________ sleepy.

A have

В am

8 Mary ___________ 24 years old.

A has

В is

9 The athletes ___________ tired.

A don’t have

В are not

10 He ___________ your purse.

A has

В is

  1. Complete the following sentences by using the correct Гони of have (have, has, had).

1 Jack ___________ fun at the party last Saturday.

2 I’m sorry, but I ___________ to go now.

3 ___________ you ever been to Canada?

4 Dave ___________ passed his driving test.

5 Can we ___________ the bill, please?

6 The match ___________ already started when we arrived.

7 They ___________ breakfast at 6:30 this morning.

8 Do you ___________ a brother?

9 My boss never ___________ time.

10 David ___________ been waiting for Pam for 20 minutes now.

TEST

Choose А, В, C or D to fill in the blanks in the sentences below.

  1. Frank with his friends ___________ a surprise for the girls.

A is preparing

В prepares

C are preparing

D prepare

  1. He ___________ a bath in the evening.

A have

В having

C has

D has got

  1. ___________ to the cinema today.

A Let’s not to go

В Don’t let us to go

C Not let’s go

D Don’t let us go

  1. Neither Dolly nor Ella ___________ called me yet.

A has

В have

C hasn’t

D haven’t

  1. 50 dollars ___________ a lot of money for a poor student.

A it is 

B are 

C is 

D there are

  1. A number of books ___________ damaged by the fire yesterday.

A is 

В was

C has 

D were

  1. Ice and vapour ___________ different states of water.

A is 

B it is 

C are 

D they are

  1. ___________ a boy and a girl in the room.

A There is

В There are

C It is

D They are

  1. ___________ many guests at the birthday party?

A There will be

B Will be there

C Be there will

D Will there be

  1. A representative of the Trade Unions ___________ begun his speech.

A is 

В has 

C were      

D have

  1. Let Mom ___________ a little longer today.

A sleep      

В sleeping 

C to sleep  

D will sleep

  1. 15 minutes ___________ not enough to relax after such a hard lesson.

A are 

В is 

C it is 

D they are









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