Розв'язання вправ та завдань до підручника - Англійська мова 10 клас О.Д. Карп’юк 2010 рік - (рівень стандарту)




Ex.1 p.4

1. In my opinion it is better to be the youngest child, because he or she always has elder brothers and sisters to help you. And usually parents and grandparents get the youngest children what they want.

2.1 think it does.

Ex.2 p.4

about the youngest children? (4)

about the children who have to look after their youngest brothers

and sisters? (2)

about Tom Hughes? (1)

about the only children? (5)

about the most competitive children? (3)

Ex.3 p.4

1. Independent and sociable? — The middle children are.

2. Charming and affectionate? — The youngest ones are.

3. Quite self-confident and ambitious? — The oldest children are.

4. Very organized and responsible? — The only child is.

Ex.4 p.4

1. well-bred — spoilt

2. unselfish — selfish

3. simple — ambitious, imaginative

4. hard-working — lazy

5. rude — sensitive

6. calm — energetic

Ex.5 p.6

1. Competitive people always want to win.

2. Ambitions people want to be successful in life.

3. Spoilt children behave badly because they are given everything they want.

4. Selfish people think about themselves and do not think about other people.

5. Envious people think that someone loves another person more than them, or want what other people have.

6. Sociable people are friendly and enjoy being with other people.

7. Aggressive people get angry quickly and like fighting.

8. Charming people have an attractive personality that makes people like them.

9. Responsible people are people you can trust.

10. Affectionate people show that they like people very much.

11. Bossy people like giving orders to other people.

12. Manipulative people are good at influencing other people to do what they want.

13. Moody people are happy one minute and sad the next, and are often bad-tempered.

14. Independent people like doing things on their own, without help.

Ex.5b p.6




















Ex.6a p.6

the oldest children

middle children

the youngest children

the only children













good leaders









Ex.1 p.7

1. generous - c; willing to give money, spend time etc. in order to give them pleasure

2. Reliable - f; someone that can be trusted or depended on

3. talkative - h; liking to talk a lot

4. sensitive - g; easily hurt or offended by things that people say or able to feel physical sensations more than usual

5. patient - e; able to wait calmly for a long time or to accept difficulties without becoming angry

6. meand; unkind or unwilling to share

7. honest - a; someone who doesn’t lie

8. envious - b; wanting something that someone else has

Ex.2 p.7



in-/i m-/ir















Ex.3 p.7
























Ex.4 p.7

Talkative - My friend is talkative because she likes to talk a lot Honest - I’m honest because I don’t lie.

Patient - My friend is patient because he accepts difficulties without becoming angry.

Manipulative - My youngest sister is manipulative because she always gets what she wants.

Aggressive - My older brother is sometimes aggressive when he doesn’t get what he wants.



Ex.1 p.8

1. Bob used to work in a factory, but he doesn’t now.

2. Mary used to go to my school, but now she doesn’t.

3. Andrew didn’t use to be very tall, but now he is.

4. Chris didn’t use to drink coffee, but now he does.

5. We used to play football at the weekend, but now we don’t.

6. There used to be a market every Friday, but now there isn’t.

7. They didn’t use to wear a uniform to school, but now they do.

Ex.2 p.8

1. We used to have a dog when I was a child.

2. I used to like eating pork but now I hate it.

3. Bob used to play football before he became a dancer.

4. Wales used to be an independent country before it was part of Britain.

5. We used to have several horses.

6. Jane used to be a signer.

7. We used to live in Russia but now we live in Ukraine.

8. It used to work, now it doesn’t.

Ex.3 p.9

1. Did you use to go to the same school as me?

2. I didn’t use to have so many things when 1 was a student.

3. What did you use to study?

4. Didn't you use to have long hair?

5. What did you use to do when you were a child?

6. He never used to be like that.

Ex.4 p.9

Looking through the pages of old magazines one can notice things that refer to the fashion of those days. Women’s skirts used to be long and formal. All men used to wear long hair. Children used to dress like adults. Men and women used to dance at formal balls. Women used to have many petticoats under their sticks. Men used to carry walking sticks.

Ex.5 p.9

1. Did your mother use to read to you before you started school?

2. Did you use to eat vegetables before you went to bed?

3. Who used to visit your family at the weekend?

4. What did your grandparents use to give you when it was your birthday?

5. Were there a park near your house where you could play?

6. Where did your parents use to live before they got married?

7. Did you use to watch TV on Saturday morning when you got up?

8. Did you use to get up early when you were a child?

Ex.6 p.9

No, I didn’t use to wear glasses.

No, I didn’t use to wear long hair.

I used to come from school at 2 o'clock.

I used to read book about adventures.

Now, I live in Kharkov. I used to live in Lviv.

Yes, I did. I used to play dolls/cars when I was a little child.


Ex.1 p.10

A: Have you ever tried to touch get in with your old friends?

B: Yes, I try to do it.

A: Why do you try to get in touch with friends of your childhood? B: We have much in common and like to recollect funny stories about our school life. I’m sure we’ll stay friends.

Ex.2 p.10

get on - ладити;

have in common - мати спільне;

argue - сперечатися;

keep in touch - підтримувати стосунки.

Ex.3 p.10

2. a friend she used to have +

3. a sport she used to play +

4. a teacher she used to have +

Ex.4 p.10

1. She and Rose stoped seeing each other when they were 16.

2. They lost touch after university.

3. She didn’t like the French teacher because he used to be rude and didn’t like children and teaching.

4. French was the only subject she ever failed at school.

5. She stopped playing squash because it’s hard aggressive.

6. She prefered tennis because she can play tennis with friends outdoors.

Ex.5 p.10

I've known her/him for about 5 years. We met at school. We get on well because we have a lot in common. We both like pop- music. Sometimes we argue about new songs of our favourite pop- singers. Every week we see and visit each other. We phone each other almost every day. I have never lost touch. I hope so we’ll stay friends.


Ex.2 p.11

We speak differently when we are with our parents, friends, teachers, little children, when we are at school, at home. Sometimes we argue with some people. My parents argue with me when they want to help me with the household chores, but I don’t have time. They think that I’m lazy. I don’t feel that I am more talkative with peers than with adults because I have similar personalities with my friends.


Ex.1a p.12

1. I used to get up at 6:30, but I don’t any more.

2. Did she always use to have long hair?

3. Did you use to have breakfast before you go to work?

4. They didn’t use to have a car, they used to cycle everywhere.

5. He doesn’t like coffee, so he used to drink tea in the morning.

6. He used to be a teacher, but now he works for Greenpeace.

Ex.1b p.12

1. - I used to argue with my boss but now we get on quite well.

2. + Lilly used to live in Kyiv but she moved to Donetsk last year.

3. ? Did you use to wear a long hair? You look different.

4. + We used to be really close but now we hardly ever meet.

5. ? Did you use to play with your parents when you were a child?

Ex.2p. 12

a. A well-educated person has had a good education.

b. Energetic is always lively and doesn’t tire easily.

c. Creative is original, artistic and imaginative.

d. Strong has well-developed muscles and can do hard physical work.

e. Patient is calm and does not get annoyed or frustrated.

f. Caring is helpful and sympathetic to other people.

g. Brave is not afraid of frightening or dangerous situations.

h. Sociable is friendly and enjoys being with other people.

i. Fair treats everyone equally and is not influenced by personal feelings.

j. Organized is efficient and good at making and carrying out plans,

k. Fit is healthy and in good physical condition.

l. Enthusiastic is interested in and excited about something.

m. Hard-working is not. at all lazy.

n. Cheerful is always happy and optimistic.

Ex.3 p.13

Ann is jealous. She feels angry about not having what other have. Kate is talkative. She never stops talking.

Boris is shy. He does not say a lot.

My mother is mean. She hates spending money.

His wife is imaginative. She is able to think of new ideas.

My father is too sociable. He talks to everybody.

My best friend is loyal. He never betrays friends.


Ex.4C p.13

a untidy - 9

b optimistic - 7

c sociable - 2

d talkative - 5

e reserved - 13

f shy - 3

g impatient - 10

h ambitious - 4

i lazy - 11

j generous - 14

k moody - 5

l hard-working - 12

m easy-going - 16

n reliable - 8

o cheerful - 1

p sensitive - 6

Ex.5 p.14

My name is Olga Vasetskaya. I’m 15. I was born on the 23rd of June 1999 in Kharkiv.

We are a family of four: my father, my mother, my younger sister and I. My elder sister is ten. Our family lives in Poltava. We have a nice four-roomed fiat. My mother is about 45. She is an economist. We all love dearly our Mum and are always ready to help her about the house. My father is an experienced engineer. He is 47. He is always busy and very often he works overtime. My grandparents don't work now. They are pensioners. My Granny is fond of gardening and my Grandpa likes to go fishing. Our family is friendly. I like them very much. We don’t have any pet. My hobby is reading and playing different computer games.

I’m tall and slender. I have dark hair, dark eyes, a strait nose and thin lips. I wear spectacles. And I like to wear jeans and T-shirts. I’m not very lazy, I think that I’m an ambition person because I set up high goals for my career, and I try to be a success in school.

I am also an outgoing person. I like to go to discos, to parties with my friends. Certainly we talk a lot about life and our problems. I’m a very sociable person there are a lot of people whom I can call friends. One of them is Natasha. She is 20. She finished school three year ago and now she’s a student of University. Natasha is a future manager. She does not have much free time but if she has, Natasha likes to spend it in a good company. She likes to listen to music, dance, watch new films, discuss them and do many other interesting things. We often go to the cinema, cafes, concerts and shows. Natasha is a good friend. She’s always ready to help everybody who needs. My friend knows a lot of interesting facts about music, famous people and history. She is fond of skating. I am happy to have such good friend as Natasha.

Like many other children when I was a child I went to a kindergarten. At the age of 6 I went to school. I was very proud when I became a pupil. Our school is a fine four-storeyed building in the center of Lviv. The school-building is not very large, but there are many classrooms and specialized rooms for studying different subjects. We study Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Ukrainian, Russian, English, History, Geography and Biology in specialized rooms. Chemistry, Physics and Biology are taught in well equipped science rooms. Schemes and tables are on the walls. There is a good equipment for laboratory experiments in the labs. Mathematics is taught in the science rooms on the third floor. There is a special room equipped with calculators and computers. There are many specialized rooms for studying English in our school. Tape-recorders and record-players are widely used at our lessons. There is the Assembly Hall on the first floor of our school. We usually gather there to mark holidays. On the second floor there is a gym. We like our gym, and we like to spend the breaks there. During the breaks we usually played basketball or volleyball there. The dining-room and the canteen are on the ground floor. On the ground floor there is a workshop too. There we are taught to use some tools and machines.

Studying to be a lawyer represents the fulfillment of my longest held dreams. Whatever I could do as a lawyer to help people would gave me a great satisfaction. The duty of the lawyer is not only to punish people for various crimes: from serial murder to terrorism, but they must do their best to prevent crimes, to fight against evil in our society. The lawyers should help those people, who committed an error to find the right in their life.

Sometimes I like to stay home alone, especially when I need some relaxation. Then I listen to music, watch television, read books or play computer games.

Ex.7 p.15

l have a close friend.

Lena is my best friend, because she is very cheerful, honest and energetic.

She never betrays her friends and never tells lies.

I don’t make friends easily.

Some children have so many friends because they are easy-going and generous.

They should always help each other and be honest.

They should never be impatient and tell lies.

I think real friends share secrets.

I keep my friend’s secrets.

Sometimes I help my friends with their school homework.

My friends don’t often help me, because I do well on my school subjects.

My parents have close mends.

I am sure gossipy children don’t have a lot of friends.

'There is a girl in your class who hasn’t got a friend.

There is a boy in your class who's got a lot of friend.

I can invite him or her to my birthday party with my own friends to help to make friends easily

If I have a brother or a sister, I get on well with his/her friends. My sister gets on well with my friends.


Ex.1 p.16

In my opinion writing is a process. We write for doing home tasks, planning, organizing our ideas, communicating with other people, passing the exams. I know such kinds of writing as articles, reports, letters, reviews, novels, stories, drafts, compositions and so on. It is very important to become a good writer for professional development to bring your ideas and thoughts to other people.

Ex.2b p.16

I’ve changed the idea that writing is not only a process, but it is also a skill.

Ex.4 p.17

The International Pen Friend Club


Edinburg EN 125BJ

United Kingdom

Full name: Peter Voronov

Home address (including county):58 Symskaya Str. 61002 Kharkiv. Ukraine.

Nationality: Ukrainian

Date of Birth (day/month/year): 23 August 1999 Sex: male

Main interest: skating

What sort of person would you like to write to? Energetic, imaginative, sociable

Reasons for wanting a pen friend: to know more about life of youth in Scotland, its traditions and culture.

How well do you write in English? Quite well.

Signature Peter Voronov

Ex.5a p.17

We have «known each other about 8 years. She is rather slim, not very tall, her hair is brown, her eyes are grey, and her face is oval. My best friend is responsible, energetic, clever, hard-working, cheerful and honest. Helen is my best friend because, we have very similar personalities. A lot of things, we both love the same music and dancing. She always helps me. When I was ill, she helped me to do homework and when my mother wasn't at home she bought me some medicine. Helen has never disappointed me. I think that I’m a good friend. If there is some misunderstanding between us I try to make peace as soon as it is possible. We spend a lot of time together, we often listen to music. Helen is very interesting to talk to, we discuss films, love, teachers, girls, cars. We have never quarreled.


Ex.1 p.18

1. I have a close friend called Natalia. I’ve known her for about 12 years now. We met at work. She was a colleague of mine at the company where I used to work, and we used to have our coffee breaks at the same time.

We get on well. Although we don't have a lot in common, we have quite different interests. We don’t work together any more, and when I changed jobs we lost touch for a couple of years. But now we keep in touch regularly. We phone each other once a week, and we see each other about twice a month. We don’t often argue, only sometimes about films as we have completely different tastes!

Ex.2 p.18

1. She used to go to the cinema every week, but she doesn’t have time now.

2. We never used to eat out but now we go to a restaurant twice A week.

3. Did you use to wear uniform when you went to school?

4. I used to go to the gym three times as week, but not any more. I’m too busy.

5. He didn’t use to like children, but now he’s the perfect father.

6. He used to be very patient, hut now he’s really impatient.

7. Did they use to go to the bench a lot when they were kids?

8. We didn’t use to have a long holiday, but this year we’re going to the Crimea for six weeks!

Ex.3a p.18





Ex.3b p.18

Himself: not selfish, not spoilt, not imaginative, responsible, organized

His wife: affectionate, hard-working, charming, not manipulate His father: responsible, bossy

Ex.4 p.19

Cathy is calm and shy. She didn’t like to talk a lot and like to study. She used to compete with her sister. She used to tell parents about her sister’s parties. Cathy was more attractive than her sister. She used to have a lot of fun with her sister although they were completely different. Cathy used to defend her sister when other

people criticized her. She taught her sister that she could’t blame other people for her own problem.

The other sister was extremely talkative. She didn’t like to study She liked to go to parties. She used to bite her sister. She was jealous to her sister because she was very attractive. She had much fun with her sister although they were complete opposites. The author suffered because their dad left them when they were small. She used to blame other people for her own mistake.

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