Розв’язання усіх вправ і завдань до підручника «АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА. 6 клас» Карп’юк О. Д. - 2016 рік

4 (2)1 Chalk, textbooks, a register, school bags, dictionaries, a bookcase, a CD player, desks, chairs, a map, pens and pencils.

5 (4) A whiteboard; a CD player; a printer; a sponge; a pinboard, a globe; a dictionary; a microscope; books; desks; chairs; a calendar; a bookcase.

5 (5) 1. Vicky, Tom and David are in the new classroom. 2. Vicky and David like the classroom. 3. There are two computers, a printer and a microscope. 4. There isn’t a vending machine, a bed and a robot. 5. No, he isn’t. Tom is serious.

6 (6) 1) new; 2) everything; 3) perfect; 4) machine, bed, robot; 5) tests; 6) serious.

6 (7) a) 1 isn’t; 2 is; 3 aren’t; 4 are.

b) 1 b; 2 c; 3 d; 4 a.

6 (8) My classroom is big and light. There are some desks and some chairs. There is a whiteboard opposite the desks. There is a computer on the teacher’s table. There is a bookcase full of books and dictionaries. In my classroom there is everything I need to be a good pupil.

7 (1) 1 b; 2 a.

7 (2) A; D; B; G; E; F; C.

8 (3) What can help to be always on time for school? — I prepare my bag and clothes the night before. It saves me a lot of time in the morning.

What helps to be healthy and feel good? — I do morning exercises, sleep enough, and always have breakfast before school.

What will help to study well at school? — I prepare for the tests carefully. I don’t put off doing my homework.

8 (4) Pupil: May 1 go out? What have we got for homework? Here you are. Can you say that again, please? I’ve finished! Sorry, I’m late. Thank you. What does ‘dangerous’ mean?

Teacher: Who is absent? Open your books at page 8, please! Who wants to read? How do you say ‘бджола’ in English? Thank you. What does ‘dangerous’ mean? Copy this into your notebooks! Be quiet, please!

9 (5) — Good afternoon, teacher!

— Good afternoon, pupils!

— Who is on duty today?

— I am.

— Who is absent?

— All are present.

— What have you got for homework? Can I see your homework?

Here you are.

— Well done. And now open your books at page 8, please! Who wants to read?

— May I read?

— Yes, you can.

9 (1) Photo; see; great; scared; T-shirts; hot.

10 (2) In this photo you can see my family near the lake. The weather is superb! As you can see, we are having a great time. We are wearing swimming costumes and sunbathing. My mother is making sandwiches.

10 (3) Dear Lida,

I would really like to meet you before school start. Please come to room № 20 on the second floor at 8.30. We will talk about 6lh form and get to know each other. See you there!

Best wishes,

Olena Fedorivna

12 (1a) Cathy’s best friend is Linda. Mike’s best friend is Pete.

13 (1b) 2) Cathy; 3) Cathy; 4) —; 5) —; 6) —; 7) —; 8) Mike; 9) Cathy; 10) Mike.

13 (2) A 1. Mike is 11 years old. 2. Cathy is a bit lazy sometimes. 3.—. 4.—. 5. Mike and Pete are not crazy about school. 6. Cathy is a member of a karate club.

В 1. Cathy Roberts is 10 years old. 2. Mike is friendly and helpful. 3. —. 4. Cathy has three albums full of stickers. 5. Mike is in front of his computer 3 hours a day. 6. Cathy is good at dancing.

13 (3) Karate club; pain in the neck; free-time activity; cuddly animals; computer games; fifth form.

14 (4) Mike isn’t crazy about school. Mike and his best friend Pete are interested in sports. Cathy is good at dancing. Cathy’s sister Amy isn’t bad at singing.

14 (5) I’m crazy about tennis. I’m interested in watching fantasy films. I’m good at painting and drawing. I’m bad at singing.

14 (1) Linda: piano classes, a favourite colour. Pete: detective stories, a nickname, a karate club, skateboarding, comics.

14 (2) Hi! My name is Peter, but all my friends call me Pete. I have got a nickname too. It is 007 because I am crazy about detective and spy stories. My favourite spy is James Bond. I also like reading comics. My favourite comic is ‘Inspector J’.

Like a real detective, I am a member of a karate club too. I have got a green belt already. But my favourite free-time activity is skateboarding.

I have got two cousins in America. They are twins. They haven’t got any other brothers or sisters. They are from Los Angeles. Disneyland is near Los Angeles. It is an amusement park and I would like to go there.

*****

Ні! I am Linda. I am Cathy’s best friend. We are in the same class, but we aren’t neighbours.

I play the piano and my piano classes are three times a week. I have got a big piano in my room. I share my room with my brother. We have got bunk beds. I am on the top bed and he has got the bottom bed. Jack is older and he always says, ‘You girls are stupid!’ But I think that he is in love with Lizzy — his ‘friend’!

I am a girl, but my favourite colour isn’t pink. It is blue.

I am interested in dancing, but I haven’t got much time for it. I am really bad at sport. So what!

16 (3) A 1. Linda has got a big piano in her room. 2. Jack is Linda’s brother. 3. Jack has got the bottom bed. 4. Linda’s favourite colour is blue. 5. Linda is bad at sport.

В 1. Pete’s full name is Peter. 2. His nickname is 007. 3. Pete’s favourite free-time activity is skateboarding. 4. He has got two cousins in America. 5. Disneyland is near Los Angeles.

16 (4) Sits; plays; isn’t thinking; isn’t having.

17 (1a) 1. Where does Rick’s family live? His family lives in Camden. 2. Docs he go to school in his town? No, he goes to boarding school in another town. 3. Which sports does he like? He likes basketball and skating. 4. What does he do in the school workshop? Metalwork. 5. Do his friends go to his school? Yes, they go to his school. 6. What does he like to eat? His mum’s roast beef. 7. What doesn’t he like? He doesn’t like homework. 8. Does he have money? Yes, he does. His piggy bank is full. 9. Does he go on dates? No, he hasn’t got a girlfriend yet.

18 (1b) During the school year, Rick doesn’t live at home. He goes to boarding school in another town. He likes basketball and skating. He doesn’t care for any other sport. In his free time he does metalwork in the school workshop. His two best friends go to the same school. When he comes home for the holidays he loves to eat his mum’s roast beef. He doesn’t like homework. He doesn’t spent all his pocket money. He saves some of it. Rick doesn’t go on dates because he hasn’t got a girlfriend.

19 (3) 1) don’t believe; 2) wants; 3) see; 4) think; 5) love; 6) remembers; 7) don’t hate; 8) doesn’t need.

19 (4) 1 c; 2 c; 3 a; 4 c; 5 b.

19 (5) A 1 c; 2 b; 3 c; 4 c; 5 а. В 1 b; 2 b; 3 c; 4 b; 5 a.

20 (6) It’s 8 pm. Jack is at home. He is watching a pop concert on TV. He usually does his homework at this time of day. His mum is washing her hair in the bathroom. And his dad? He doesn’t like spending the evening indoors because he works in an air-conditioned office all day. He is jogging in the nearby park. He usually wears only his track suit. This evening he is wearing a windbreaker because it is cold and the wind is blowing.

20 (7) A 1. Jill always leaves the house at 8.15 in the morning. 2. Jack and Jill don’t go to school by bus. 3. Jill is eating ham and eggs for breakfast this morning. 4. Jack’s dad is working in the basement this evening. 5. Jack’s grandpa often goes for a walk on Sundays.

В 1. I am not studying for the English test at the moment. 2. We usually prepare for tests. 3. Our teachers give tests every week. 4. We are doing a test tomorrow. 5. A new history teacher is coming next week.

21 (1) Mike is 11 years old and he is in the sixth form this year. Mike’s hobby is computer games. He spends about 3 hours a day using his computer. He has got a lot of friends. He is interested in sports. Cathy Roberts is 10 years old. Her birthday is in November. Cathy collects stickers. She is also a member of a karate club. Dancing is her favourite free-time activity. Linda is Cathy’s best friend. She can play the piano. Linda has piano classes three times a week. She shares her room with her brother Jack. Her favourite colour is blue. Peter’s nickname is ‘007’ because he is crazy about detective and spy stories. His favourite spy is James Bond. He also likes reading comics. He has already got a green belt. His favourite free-time activity is skateboarding.

21 (2) Do you like cheeseburgers? Do you like reading books? Do you like autumn? Do you like computer games? Do you like checking the tests?

21 (3) What kind of music do you like? What is your favourite school subject? What books do you like to read? Who is your friend? What does your mother do at her free time? What is your favourite colour? When do you usually go home from school? What films do you like? What do you usually do at weekends? When do you celebrate your birthday?

23 (1) I am eleven years old. My best friend is in my class. My parents are funny. My new teachers aren’t strict. I’ve got a sister. I’m not lazy. I haven’t got my own room. My hobby is playing computer games. My friends aren’t boring. I am interested in sports.

23 (2) I am eleven years old. I’ve got a sister. Olenka is younger than me. I have got a lot of friends. I have got my own computer. I spend a lot of time working on it. I love playing computer games and watching interesting videos. I am interested in Ukrainian history. My parents aren’t strict. They are caring and kind. My teachers arc strict but cool.

24 (1) Pilot, monkey, frog, prince, octopus.

24 (2) Не: father, grandfather, son, uncle, brother, husband, cousin, nephew, stepfather, grandson. She: mother, grandmother, daughter, aunt, sister, wife, cousin, niece, stepmother, granddaughter.

26 (4) Melissa is Mike’s mother. George is Mike’s father. Alice is Mike’s sister. Ted is Mike’s brother. Edward is Mike’s grandpa. Harry is Mike’s uncle. Linda is Mike’s aunt. Jim is Mike’s cousin. Liz is Mike’s granny. Robert is Mike’s cousin.

26 (5) 1. Mike’s mum is kind and helpful. 2. Mike’s dad is plump. 3. Alice has got long blond hair. 4. Ted is curious and boring. 5. Mike’s grandpa hasn’t got glasses. 6. Mike’s uncle is funny. 7. Aunt Linda is serious. 8. Robert is untidy.

26 (1) T Mike has got an aunt and an uncle in Australia.

F Mike is the only child.

F Cathy has got a lot of relatives around the world.

F Lilly is Mike’s sister.

F Mike’s parrot is a real pain in the neck.

T Cathy is not an only child.

F Amy is Cathy’s cousin.

T There are a lot of cuddly animals in Cathy’s flat.

27 (2) I’ve got a little brother,

His name is Ted.

His hobby’s asking questions,

He makes me really mad.

Why are the stars in the sky?

Why is the Sun so hot?

Why are lions so fast?

And snails are not?

What is the name of this street?

Why are the clouds white?

How old is that tree?

Where is the Sun at night?

I’ve got a little brother,

His name is Ted.

His hobby’s asking questions,

He makes me really mad.

28 (3) 2) When; 3) Where; 4) Whose; 5) What; 6) How; 7) How many; 8) Why.

28 (4) Why is the sky blue? Whose book is this? Where does your friend live? What are you going? Where is your pen?

28 (1) Robert is bald. Mia is thin. Sam is plump. Robert is strong. Robert has got a moustache. Nobody’s got braids. Mia, Jessica and Kyle have got long hair. Jessica and Kyle have got a ponytail. Mia’s hair is curly. Jessica’s eyes are brown. Kyle’s nose is big. Mia’s hair is blond.

30 (2) Who’s tall? Robert and Kyle. Who’s skinny? Mia. Who’s short? Sam. Who’s weak? Jessica. Who’s got brown hair? Sam. Whose T-shirt is yellow? Sam’s one. Who’s got blue eyes? Mia. Who’s got a small nose? Mia and Jessica.

30 (3) Positive: kind, helpful, friendly, hard-working, calm, brave, polite, clever, interesting. Negative: selfish, boring, clumsy, lazy, rude, stupid, naughty. Positive and negative: worried, curious, patient, shy, romantic, serious.

30 (4) The Superman is brave. Santa Claus is kind. Harry Potter is curious. Mickey Mouse is friendly. Cinderella is hard-working. Shrek is clumsy.

32 (1) 1) loudly; 2) quickly; 3) brightly; 4) gaily; 5) sweetly; 6) slowly; 7) happily.

32 (2) 1) good; 2) well; 3) good; 4) well; 5) well; 6) well; 7) good; 8) good.

33 (3) A 1. We can read better. 2. We must all work harder. 3. He has done this work more carefully. 4. Mother felt worse. 5. Nick runs the fastest. 6. Bob and Mary came home later.

В 1. The teacher spoke more loudly. 2. Dennis behaved more aggressively. 3. The rocket moved more easily. 4. She looked at us more angrily. 5. Yesterday we got up earlier. 6. He sang this song more loudly.

33 (4) Often — more often — the most often; early — earlier — the earliest; easily — more easily — the most easily; well — better — the best; little — less — the least; near — nearer — the nearest; far — further / farther — the furthest / the farthest; late — later — the latest; slowly — more slowly — the most slowly; fast — faster; the fastest; much — more — the most; quickly — more quickly — the most quickly.

33 (5) Adverbs: 2,4, 6, 7, 10. Adjectives: 1, 3, 5, 8, 9.

34 (6) 1) fluently; 2) honestly; 3) badly; 4) easily; 5) well; 6) brightly.

34 (1) My family is not very big. There are four people in my family. My mother is a doctor. She has got fair curly hair and blue eyes. She is 35 years old. She is very kind and hard-working. She can cook very well. Her name is Olena. My father’s name is Taras. He’s a taxi-driver. He is tall and slim. He’s got dark hair and brown eyes. He’s 37. He is clever and very helpful. He likes to play football with me and my brother. My younger brother’s name is Arsen. He is 9. He’s a pupil of the third form. He’s got blue eyes and blond hair. His hobby is sport. He is very funny.

36 (1) Eyes: green, brown, blue, black, dark. Skin: dark, old, young, black. Hair: straight, dark, brown, black, long, wavy, ponytail, curly, blond, short. Look: tall, young, pretty, slim, skinny, old, beautiful, plump, fat.

36 (2) Ann is a new girl in our class. She looks pretty. She is slim and not very tall. Her eyes are blue. She has got wavy fair hair. Yesterday I saw her mother. They are much alike. They’ve got light skin. But her mother’s hair is different: it is long and straight.

36 (3) Dear Mark,

Thanks for your letter. In your last letter you asked me about my hobbies. I like dancing, singing, watching TV. But my hobby is collecting postcards. I love to get postcards from all over the world. I have more than 200 postcards in my collection.

Also I want to tell you about my family. I’ve got a mother, a father, and a sister. My father Petro is plump and tall. He has got blond hair and a short beard. He’s strong, but funny man. My mother Lina is beautiful. She is not so tall, but slim. She’s got short light-brown hair and big brown eyes. My younger sister is like my mother’s small copy. She is also very curious and funny. We spend much time together.

Write me soon. Tell me about your family.

Bye,

Alex

36 (4) 1 f; 2 d; 3 e; 4 c; 5 g; 6 b; 7 a.

37 (5) 4 — She is my e-mail friend.

1 — Hello, what are you doing?

9 — Who are the other people in the photo?

6 — She is from Australia.

2 — I’m writing a letter to Tina.

10 —They are Tina’s family.

5 — Oh, where is she from?

7 — Have you got a photo of her?

3 — Who’s Tina?

8 —Yes, here you are.

37 (6) b) He’s Dan’s uncle, c) She’s Dan’s aunt, d) The boy is Den’s cousin, e) It’s Den’s dog. f) They are Dan’s parents, g) They are Den’s grandparents.

38 (7)

Antonio + Barbara

Steve + Debora

Danny

Laura

Silvia

Robert

Lisa

38 (8) Tara is 12. Her parents arc from the Caribbean. She was born in London. Her birthday is in January. Tara is tall and thin. She has got long black curly hair. She is friendly, chatty and honest girl. Tara sees her best friend Emma every day. The girls like acting and swimming. Tara doesn’t like bullying.

38 (9) What’s her name? How old is she? Where does she live? Does she have a big family? Has she got a brother or a sister? Who’s her best friend?

39 (10) Her name is Nell. She is twelve. She lives in Cambridge in the east of England. Her family is quite big. She has got a brother and a sister. Her best friends are Alice, Jane, and Andy.

39 (11a) Factfile: Name: Nell. Age: 12. Form: 6th. Hometown: Cambridge. Family: quite big: a brother, a sister, a grandma. Home: a house. Friends: Alice, Jane, and Andy.

41 (1) A

42 (2) 1. Cinderella is a beautiful girl. 2. Her stepmother is mean. 3. Her sisters are ugly, lazy, and evil. 4. The prince’s parents are the king and the queen. 5. Cinderella can’t go to the ball because she has got only one old dress. 6. Suddenly, there is Cinderella’s fairy godmother in front of her. 7. She has got a magic wand. 8. Cinderella is wearing a beautiful pink dress and glass slippers. 9. The golden carriage is in front of the house. 10. Cinderella is dancing only with the prince at the ball. 11. Cinderella is running home. 12. The prince is holding Cinderella’s glass slipper. 13. Cinderella can put on the glass slipper.

43 (3)

beautiful

hardworking

mean

ugly

evil

lazy

handsome

nice

old

jealous

angry

happy

Cinderella

+

+

+

Stepmother

+

Stepsisters

+

+

+

+

+

Prince

+

+

Fairy Godmother

+

+

43 (4) Ugly sisters; king and queen; fairy godmother; glass slippers; golden carriage; handsome prince.

43 (5) First; then; next; after that; finally.

48 (1) This year I have Maths, Music, Geography, English, PE, IT, Art, Craft, History.

48 (2a) History; Geography; Science; IT; Maths; PE.

49 (3) 1. In Geography you learn about the planets and stars. 2. In IT you learn everything about computers. 3. In History you leant about the things and people from the past. 4. In Science you learn about nature. 5. In Maths you work with numbers. 6. In PE you learn to play different sports.

49 (4) add (+); subtract (-); multiply (x); divide (:).

50 (5) A Stella lives with the Williams family but she also goes to school. It’s not an ordinary school. It is a language school. There are a lot of students from all over the world in this school. They have come to Liverpool to learn English. The school isn’t very big, but it is new. The classrooms are nice and spacious. There are a lot of posters of the UK on the wall. There are also some grammar rules on the pin board. There is a CD player in each class, in some classes there is an interactive board. There is an IT room. There are 10 computers there.

В Stella hasn’t got as many subjects as Emma. In Stella’s school they have got just 4 subjects. These are: SPEAKING, WRITING, LISTENING, PRACTICE, CULTURE AND LITERATURE. Her favourite teacher is Mrs Davies. She teaches culture and literature. Her lessons are very interesting. She can tell a lot of stories about Britain and its past. She has got a big DVD collection and some pictures of famous sights. Mr Holmes is also a good teacher. He helps students with SPEAKING PRACTICE. He has got long hair. He has got a dog called Prince who often sits next to him. Mr Holmes is strict but fair. Stella is very happy in this school because she has got a lot of friends there.

51 (6) 1. Yes, there are. There are more than 200 pupils in our school. 2. Yes, there is. There is a sports hall in my school. 3. Yes, there is. There is a playground next to the school. 4. Yes, there are. There are some posters on the wall in my English classroom. 5. No, there aren’t. There are no grammar rules on the pinboard. 6. No, there aren’t. There isn’t a TV set in the classroom.

52 (1) 1. I am cold. — You should put on a jumper. 2. I’ve got a headache. — You should call the doctor. 3. I have to find some information. — You should go to the library or search the Internet. 4. I can’t swim. — You should learn to swim. It is useful for your health. 5. I’m too fat. — You should eat less. 6. I’m tired. — You should go to bed. 7. I don’t want to do my homework. — You should have a rest and then you must do your homework. 8. I would like to play on a computer. — You should do your homework and then you may play computer games.

52 (2) 1) may buy; 2) might give; 3) may rain; 4) may not get; 5) might not go; 6) might not go.

52 (3) You must bring your textbooks. You must do your homework. You must keep your classroom tidy. You must be polite. You must be helpful to your classmates. You must listen when your teacher is talking. You must be quiet while working. You mustn’t throw papers on the floor. You mustn’t run in the classroom. You mustn’t shout. You mustn’t eat in the classroom.

53 (4) 1. It is impossible for mountains to meet, but there is always a chance for people to meet. It is usually said when the meeting is unexpected. 2. A fool talks a lot and doesn’t want to think about the reasons. 3. We should try to do our best. 4. Do not criticize others if you have the same faults. 5. You can’t make people do something if they do not want to. 6. Don’t be afraid to do something! 7. You must work hard to get the reward.

53 (5) 1 b; 2 a; 3 b; 4 b; 5 a; 6 b.

54 (6) Mary: I might go to the disco tonight. Would you like to come?

Kate: Oh, I’d like to go, but I have to do my homework.

Jane: We should help that old lady with her shopping.

Liz: You’re right. Her bags look heavy. She might drop them.

Bob: There’s a good film on TV at ten. I don’t have to watch it.

Father: You should be in bed at ten o’clock!

Bob: But I don’t have to go to school tomorrow.

Mike: I have to be at school by nine.

Mother: Hurry up, boy! It’s twenty to nine now. You should get up earlier.

Mike: You’re right, mum! I might not get to school on time today.

54 (7) You have to do this, you have to do that.

This is my desperate ‘Have to’ rap.

The full uniform you have to wear,

you mustn’t use bad language, shout and swear.

Your homework, of course, you mustn’t forget, you have to be the best, get an ‘A’ in a test.

You mustn’t do this, you mustn’t do that.

This is my desperate ‘Mustn’t rap’.

In a boring class, you mustn’t yawn.

About too much homework, you mustn’t moan.

I don’t have to be perfect that’s what I say,

Can’t my teachers see it, that I still wanna play?

55 (1a) 1. We study some new subjects this year. We study Biology and Geography. 2. Yes, we have. We’ve got new teachers of History and Geography. 3. My favourite subject is Music. I like singing very much. 4.1 have English on Mondays and on Wednesdays.

55 (1b) 1. The English teacher trains the pupils in good pronunciation, reading, listening and speaking. 2. She teaches her pupils to take interviews and sports conversations. 3. Spelling is probably the most difficult point in learning foreign languages. 4. The pupils have started their first steps in composition and discussion this year. 5. The pupil is interested in visiting some English-speaking countries, because he hopes to use English in his future job. 6. He is fond of English and American culture and likes to read books by English writers.

56300 million people speak English as their first language.

I know Australian, Scottish, Canadian, American and British accents.

56 (2) 1. Mike has got 11 subjects. 2. Maths is his first lesson on Monday. 3. English is his second lesson on Thursday. 4. PE is his third lesson on Tuesday. 5. Art is his fourth lesson on Wednesday. 6. Geography is his last lesson on Friday.

59 (3b)

Mike’s teacher

Form teacher

Maths

PE

History

Mr Finch

+

Miss Jones

+

+

Mrs Pitt

+

59 (4) 1 T; 2 F; З T; 4 T; 5 F; 6 F; 7 T; 8 F.

59 (5) 1. Mike has got 11 subjects. 2. His timetable isn’t OK, because his first lesson is Maths 4 times a week. 3. He isn’t good at Maths. 4. He is afraid of Mr Finch, because the teacher is very strict. 5. Mike’s favourite subject is PE. 6. His form teacher is Miss Jones. 7. His favourite teacher is also Miss Jones. 8. She is pretty and young. 9. His history teacher is Mrs Pitt. 10. Her hair has unusual colour. 11. There are two new pupils in his class. 12. They are twins from Australia.

60 (6a) Pupils; pencil box; slippers; teachers; marks.

60 (6b) You have to buy a big backpack. You have to bring your pencil box, books, pencils, scissors, notebooks, and some glue to school.

You don’t have to bring your mobile phone and iPod. You don’t have to eat crisps or chew gum.

61 (1) I want to improve my English. That’s why I have to work hard at it. I have to understand how to read. I have to learn many words to understand English better. I have to do many exercises to know English. And, of course, I have to listen to spoken English to understand English better. I am sure, it can help me to study English.

61 (2) 1. I think a scientist has to know English. He can read about new foreign technologies. 2. I think a writer has to know English. He can read popular books of English and American writers in the original. 3. I think a waitress has to know English. She can understand the visitors from other countries. 4. I think a doctor has to know English. He can read English medical articles and learn some useful things. 5. I think an air hostess has to know English. She can communicate with the passengers from different countries. 6. I think a seller has to know English. He can sell his goods abroad. 7. I think a businessman has to know English. He can travel to other countries to do business there. 8. I think an artist has to know English. He can go abroad to meet his admirers. 9. I think a computer programmer has to know English. With its help he can work with different companies all over the world over the Internet. 10. I think a travel agent has to know English. He can help his clients to get tickets in foreign countries and to book rooms in foreign hotels.

62 (4a) 1 d; 2 c; 3 a; 4 b.

63 (5a) Alison likes Maths, but she doesn’t like History. I think Ted likes Geography, History and Maths. George doesn’t like anything at school. Andrew doesn’t like Maths.

64 (5b) Ted loves all of the subjects. Alison likes only Maths. George doesn’t care about anything. Andrew hates Maths. Ted thinks that school is great, but George thinks it is boring.

64 (5c) Ted is more interested in Geography, History and Maths. George prefers getting information from the Internet for learning. Alison likes Maths most. Ted likes Geography, History and Maths better than other subjects because of his future profession.

64 (6) It is interesting if: it’s useful for my future profession / the textbook is nice / the teacher is good / there are a lot of experiments / we read (learn) about some unusual things / it helps me in my life / we work with computers / homework isn’t large. It is boring if: there is a lot of reading and writing / there is a lot to learn by heart.

65 (1) 1. You must not be late for school. 2. You must wear the uniform. 3. You must not run in the corridors. 4. You must do your homework. 5. You must not talk during your lessons. 6. You must not eat in the classrooms. 7. You must listen to your teachers attentively.

66 (1) Individual sports: skating, gymnastics, skiing, fencing, skateboarding, karate, climbing. Water sports: sailing, swimming. Games: hockey, tennis, football, volleyball. Field events: long jump, high jump. Track events: horse riding, car race, running.

66 (2a) Swim — swimmer; skate — skater; ski — skier; box — boxer; jump — jumper; train — trainer; win — winner.

66 (2b) Jump — jumping, ski — skiing, swim — swimming, skate — skating, box — boxing.

67 (3) 1) goes; 2) play; 3) go; 4) play; 5) does; 6) does.

68 (1b) 1. They have just won their 8lh match. 2. They have lost only three games. 3. They have won eight matches. 4. They have played together for two years. 5. The football team hasn’t won any competition for the last year.

68 (2) 1. Football is an outdoor game. 2. There are eleven players in a football team. 3. The football player can only kick or roll the ball. 4. The goalkeeper can touch the ball with his hands. 5. In football the winner is the team with the most goals at the end of the game. 6. Volleyball can be played inside or outside. 7. There are six players in a volleyball team. 8. You should hit the ball with your hand or arm to play volleyball. 9. In volleyball you can’t catch or hold the ball. 10. The volleyball winner is the first team to get 15 points.

68 (3) Four girls from West Hill School have won this year’s table tennis competition. On Saturday they beat teams from five other schools in the town.

The girls have played together for 9 months. Pat joined the team in July and since then the girls have not lost a match. Their teacher, Miss Holly, said, ‘We’ve never had a better team’.

69 (4) Our basketball club often represents our school in inter-school champion ships. The basketball team has played together for three years. They have won more than 10 games. I think it’s because they practice four times a week. Also they jog in the evenings and train themselves in the gym. Their coach is a professional player. He was a famous basketball player when he was young. Last tournament was two weeks ago. The game was splendid! They won as usual. We are proud of our basketball team.

69 (1a) 1 T; 2 F; 3 T.

69 (1c) 1. British schoolchildren have to do sports as a part of their school program. 2. Basketball and volleyball are not very popular in Britain. 3. They like playing soccer, rugby and cricket. 4. Cricket is a typically British sport.

70 (2) 1) lawn tennis; 2) skiing; 3) tennis; 4) water polo; 5) hockey; 6) rowing; 7) mountain biking; 8) sprint or hurdling.

71 (3) Individual sport; outdoor sport; fast sport.

71 (4) 3. Is it a dangerous sport?

5. Does he need a racket?

4. Does he need any other equipment?

1. Does your guest play an indoor sport?

2. Does your guest play an individual sport?

74 (1) WHO — when you ask about a person; WHAT — when you ask about a thing; WHICH — when you choose between the two or more; WHERE — when you ask about a place; WHEN — if you ask about time; WHY — when you ask about a reason; HOW MANY — when you ask about a number.

74 (2) 1. When; 2. How many; 3. Which; 4. Where; 5. Why; 6. Who; 7. What.

74 (3) 1. Who; 2. How; 3. Where; 4. When; 5. Where; 6. Why; 7. Who; 8. How; 9. When; 10. What; 11. Why; 12. What.

75 (4) What; when; what time; how long; where; who; why.

75 (5) BECAUSE — to say why; SO — to say the result; AND — to add ideas; BUT — to express contrast.

76 (6) 1) but; 2) because; 3) and; 4) because; 5) but; 6) but; 7) because.

76 (1) I like all kinds of winter sports. I go jogging. I go jogging every day. I like football. I usually watch football on TV. I am good at running and skating.

76 (2a) 1. No, I’m not. 2. No, I can’t. 3. No, it doesn’t. 4. Yes, I am. 5. My favourite football team is Manchester United. 6. The goalkeeper’s task is to stop the ball from going into his team’s goal. 7. Yes, they can. 8. No, they can’t. 9. There are eleven football players in each team. 10. No. I don’t. 11. Olimpiiskyi Stadium is the best football field in Ukraine. 12. Yes, Ido. Lionel Messi, Cristiano Ronaldo and Fernando Torres are among them. 13. I go skiing or skating in winter. 14. The game usually lasts for 90 minutes. 15. I go to a stadium three times a week.

78 (1) Hi, Mark!

My favourite sport is boxing. I became interested in it two years ago. This sport isn’t very expensive. You only need to buy big leather gloves. I go to the boxing club with my friend Taras. I’d like to have more time to go to the gym. But I must study a lot.

My favourite champion is Vitalii Klychko. I never miss his fights. 1 hope I will do my best to become a famous boxer in the future. I think boxing is one of the most popular kinds of sport in our country.

80 (1) Learning foreign languages is very important today. English is an international language. It helps to connect people and countries. That’s why we have to learn English.

My friend Taras studies English at the International Summer Language School. Now he can speak and understand real Englishmen very well. He says we need some special skills to learn the language. It is helpful to listen and watch English programs on radio, video, and television. We have to use English when we speak with our friends, read English books, sing English songs. All these things can help us improve our English.

80 (2) He has to ask the teacher to explain things the pupil doesn’t understand / listen carefully in class / do what the teacher says / write neatly / spend at least 10 minutes studying new vocabulary each day / listen to English while you are watching films or listening to music.

He mustn’t forget homework / disturb the class.

He doesn’t have to listen to the CD that comes with this book / learn everything by heart / ask someone for help.

81 (4) Hi, Oksana!

Last time you wrote that English is difficult for you. But I must say there are a lot of reasons to learn English. First of all, English is the most commonly used language in the world. It is the official language in a large number of countries. It is the language of science and technology. Learning English really can change your life. Many of the world’s best films, books and music are published and produced in English. Most of the Internet information is in English too. So, knowledge of English will open the world for you.

To learn the language you should watch your favourite films in English. Use computer while learning English. There are some specialised programmes which help you to leam vocabulary and grammar. Also you should use English in everyday life. Find somebody who speaks English fluently and try to communicate.

Best wishes,

Olesia

83 (6) My favourite sport programme on TV is ‘Sport News’. My favourite sport is horse riding. My favourite sports star is Yana Klochkova. My favourite team is Manchester United.

84 (8) What are athletic events? — These are different sport competitions where sportsmen run, jump and throw hammers or discs. What is the difference between ‘a game’ and ‘a sport’? — In a game you try to win, make strategy of the game. In a sport you try to show your physical skills and abilities. What are field events? — These are long jumps, high jumps, javelin, discus and hammer throwing. What are track events? — These are sprints, long-distance events, hurdling, etc. What is your favourite sport? — My favourite kind of sport is cycling.

85 (10) A 1) and, 2) because, 3) and, 4) but, 5) so, 6) because.

В 1) but, 2) but, 3) so, 4) and, 5) because, 6) so, 7) so he.

87 (2) 1 T; 2 F; 3 F; 4 T; 5 T; 6 F; 7 T.

87 (4) The fable teaches us not to boast. It also tells us that success depends on using talents, not just having them. If the hare had used his talent in running, he would have won the race.

92 (1) 1 B; 2 A; 3 E; 4 K; 5 I; 6 H; 7 J; 8 G; 9 D; 10 C; 11 N; 12 F; 13 M; 14 L; 15 O.

93 (2) Yummy: I like pizza, salad, sandwiches, and fruit juice.

Yuk: I hate soup, fried bacon, omelette.

93 (3) 1) bar; 2) can; 3) packet; 4) loaf; 5) box; 6) cartoon; 7) bottle; 8) tube.

94 (4) 2) spinach; 3) potato; 4) cucumber; 5) onion; 6) apple; 7) tomato; 8) com; 9) mushrooms.

94 (1) 1b; 2 c; 3 a.

94 (2) E; D; C; F; B; A; G; A.

96 (3) 1. The fruit and vegetable group; the meat group; the milk group, and the bread and cereal group. 2. We should eat different food because it helps us to be healthy, to grow, and to get energy. 3. Fruit and vegetables help you to have healthy eyes, skin, teeth, etc. 4. Food from the meat group helps you to grow and to be strong. 5. People call the milk group food ‘dairy products’. 6. Food of the bread and cereal group comes from grains. 7. No, they aren’t. These are two different groups.

96 (4) Linda eats potatoes. Sandra eats fish. Ted eats chocolate. Linda eats cheese. Sandra never eats sweets. Ted never eats cake. Linda never eats meat.

97 (5) Paula always has an omelette and some salad in the morning. Paula always eats a small lunch in the afternoon. Sometimes she has tea and biscuits in the afternoon. Sometimes she cats a big dinner in the evening. She has a chicken and chips and peas for dinner. She never eats steaks. In winter Paula sometimes drinks a cup of cocoa at bedtime.

97 (6) There are four food groups. They are the fruit and vegetable group, the meat group, the milk group and the bread and cereal group. You need food from each group every day. Eat fruit and vegetables four or more times every day. You need to eat food from the meat group twice a day. You need to drink two-three cups of milk each day. Grains help give you energy. Eat different and healthful food. Choose food from the four food groups. When you are hungry between meals ask for a snack.

98 (1a) 1) are; 2) is; 3) is; 4) are.

98 (1b) a T; b F; c T; d F.

99 (2) 1) much; 2) many; 3) much; 4) many; 5) many.

99 (3) A: Do you eat any vegetables for breakfast?

B: Yes, I eat some broccoli and some potatoes for breakfast.

A: Do you eat any soup for lunch?

B: No, 1 don’t eat any soup for lunch.

99 (4a) Tasty — delicious (смачний). Fried — cooked in the frying pan (смажений). Cornflakes — cereal made from maize (кукурудзяні пластівці). Toast — sliced bread cooked in a toaster (тост).

100 (4b) 1 F; 2 F; 3 F; 4 T.

100 (4c) 1. British Food Beliefs; 2. British Breakfasts; 3. A Big Meal of a Day; 4. Places to Eat Out.

100 (5) 1 c; 2 f; 3 h; 4 i; 5 e; 6 d; 7 b; 8 j; 9 g; 10 a.

101 (1b) A: Could 1 have a packet of crisps, please?

B: Yes, certainly.

A: How much is it?

B: It’s 10 hryvnias.

***

A: Can I have two bottles of milk, please?

B: Yes, certainly.

A: How much are they?

B: They are 10 hryvnias.

102 (2а) We need some cola. — How many bottles?

We need some tea. — How many packets?

We need some ham. — How many kilos?

We need some sugar. — How many pieces?

We need some bread. — How many loaves?

We need some chocolate. — How many bars?

We need some butter. — How many packs?

102 (2b) We need some eggs / tomatoes. — How much are they?

We need some cheese / meat. — How much is it?

103 (3b) Would you like a glass of lemonade? Would you like a plate of some grapes? Would you like a slice of bread? Would you like a plate of some vegetables? Would you like a plate of some soup? Would you like a slice of cheese? Would you like a cup of tea?

103 (4) 1. Milk is great. I like milk very much. My brother likes it too. We like to drink it cold. I would like a glass now, but there isn’t any in the fridge. 2. We would like to take a trip to the USA. We would like to see New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco and many other cities. We would like to learn to speak with an American accent. We like American accents. 3. My friends like the Harry Potter books. I like them too. I would like to read the latest one, because they say it’s super. 4. I would like to get a new bike for Christmas. I like my old bike but it’s too small for me. I would like to give it to my little cousin. He would like to have it very much. He told me so.

104 (6) 1) ’ll; 2) are going to; 3) ’ll; 4) are going to; 5) won’t; 6) ’ll.

105 (1) No, Im not. But I would like to be one. Yes, I do. My friend is a vegetarian. Vegetarians eat a lot of fruit and vegetables. I think they have a healthier diet. Some vegetarians do not eat any animal products, including milk, eggs and honey. So their diet is not balanced. My favourite food is Ukrainian borshch. My favourite drink is orange juice. Borshch is a typical Ukrainian dish. To cook it, fill a large pot with water and boil it. Add red beets, carrots and potatoes, and cook for about 20 minutes. Add some cabbage, and tomatoes. Cook another 10 minutes. Add fried onion, some tomato paste and garlic to it, cover and turn off the heat. Add some salt, pepper and sugar. Serve with sour cream.

105 (2) Oliver will make sandwiches and take some paper plates and napkins. Emily will take orange juice, strawberry juice and a huge bar of chocolate and she’ll ask her mum to make some apple pie. Mia will bring the fruit: apples, bananas and peaches. They should take some sliced carrots and a cucumber. They’re going to have a delicious, healthy picnic.

106 (3) A: Let’s have a picnic tomorrow. I’ll make a list of food. Let’s think of some tasty and healthy food.

В: Ok, I’ll bring the sandwiches. What sandwiches do you like?

A: I love ham and cheese sandwiches. What are your favourite ones?

В: I like vegetarian food. So, I’ll also make cheese and tomato sandwiches and potato salad.

A: It sounds delicious.

B: And it tastes great! You’ll see. What shall we drink?

A: I may take either apple juice or cold lemon tea. Also I’ll bring some strawberries and some cherries. There are a lot of them in our garden.

B: Great.

A: What shall we have for dessert?

В: I can bring some biscuits and ask my sister to make a cherry cake.

A: Oh, no. It sounds awful. Last time your sister made pancakes for us. They looked and smelled terrible. It was impossible to eat. Let’s have just biscuits.

B: Ok, I’ll take care of that. Let’s read our list.

A: Ham and cheese sandwiches, cheese and tomato sandwiches, potato salad, some strawberries and cherries, a box of biscuits, apple juice or cold lemon tea.

В: I think it is enough for us. Otherwise, the picnic will not be so healthy.

107 (4) Desserts: chocolate cookies; a piece of apple pie; strawberry pancakes; vanilla doughnuts; coconut ice cream.

Drinks: a cup of cocoa with cream; hot chocolate; lemonade; mineral water; fresh orange juice; coffee.

108 (5) 1) glass; 2) cup; 3) tin; 4) bottle.

109 (1) For breakfast I usually have an omelette and a cup of tea. For lunch / dinner I usually have some soup or borshch, mashed potatoes or cereals and a glass of juice. For a snack I usually have some nuts, a bun or a sandwich. For supper I usually have a cup of cocoa and some toasts with jam.

109 (2b) My friend Taras has his own eating habits. He often eats meat. He prefers chicken. Taras likes vegetables and eats them every day. He usually eats potatoes, carrots, cabbage, tomatoes and cucumbers. He doesn’t like dairy products, but sometimes he eats cottage cheese. He tries not to skip meals, but he doesn’t eat very much. Taras can’t prepare food, so his mother and elder sister cook for him.

109 (3) Starters: fried mushrooms; cheese sticks; baked potatoes; house salad.

Main courses: borshch; tomato soup; soup of the day; chicken; roast turkey;

Drinks: lemon tea; coffee; black tea; juice.

Desserts: vanilla ice cream; fruit in chocolate cream; strawberry cake; pancakes with banana souse.

110 (2) A: Where can I buy sweets?

B: You can buy them at the supermarket.

A: Where do they sell a toothpaste?

B: They sell a toothpaste at the chemist’s.

***********

A: Where can I buy buns?

B: You can buy them at the baker’s.

A: Where do they sell hats?

B: They sell hats at the clothes shop.

***********

A: Where can I buy a parrot / a frog?

B: You can buy it at the pet shop.

A: Where do they sell mugs?

B: They sell mugs at the supermarket.

***********

A: Where can I buy a pair of shoes?

B: You can buy it at the shoe shop.

A: Where do they sell tables?

B: They sell tables at the furniture shop.

***********

A: Where can I buy a pair of skis?

B: You can buy it at the sports shop.

A: Where do they sell oranges?

B: They sell them at the greengrocer’s shop.

***********

A: Where can I buy books?

B: You can buy them at the bookshop.

A: Where do they sell medicines?

B: They sell them at the chemist’s.

111 (3) A carton of milk, a bar of chocolate, a loaf of bread, a bag of flour, a packet of tea, a jar of coffee, a jar of tomato ketchup, a kilo of meat, a pound of cheese, a tin of fish, a bottle of cola.

111 (4) You can buy various sweet goods at the sweet shop. At the Super Sports you can buy sports equipment. ‘Toys’ sells different toys for children. ‘Ted’s Fruit and Vegetables’ and the greengrocer’s shop sell grapes, bananas, apples, oranges, tomatoes, onions, cabbage and other fruit and vegetables. You can buy sofas, tables, chairs, bookcases in the ‘Italian Furniture’. If you want to buy some dresses, skirts or blouses, visit ‘Clothes for Ladies’.

112 (1) Sainsbury’s, Tesco, British Home Stores are some of the popular British shops.

114 (2) A 1. They usually buy food at the baker’s, at the butcher’s, at the sweet shop, or at the greengrocer’s. 2. Supermarkets become more and more popular nowadays. 3. In the supermarket you walk around the shop and choose what you want. 4. If you are a traveller in Britain, you should know some popular shops and supermarkets. 5. Sales are occasions when a shop sells its goods at a lower price. 6. Sainsbury’s supermarkets are for rich people who want to do shopping once a week or even once a month.

В 1. Tesco supermarkets sell goods at cheaper prices. 2. British Home Stores is a group of large shops selling mainly clothes and other products for the houses. 3. Buying clothes can be a problem because the British have different size system. 4. Clothes in London usually have both British and European sizes on the tags. 5. Teenagers in Britain usually buy clothes by themselves. 6. Mothers in Britain buy clothes for their small children. 7. You can hear ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ everywhere.

114 (3) 1. At the baker’s you can buy bread and pastry. 2. You can buy different kinds of meat at the butcher’s 3. No, I don’t. I buy sweets at the sweet shop. 4. I can buy sour cream at the dairy’s. 5. I can buy fish at the fishmonger’s.

114 (4) 1. I don’t like shopping. The only time I go shopping is when I go to the supermarket to get some food. I try not to go to the clothes shops because I find it boring. But I can buy some necessary things online. 2. I do not like shops, but there is a bakery where I often buy bread and I like to go there and to feel the smell of fresh bread. 3. I do not like any shops, because my parents seldom buy me what I want. They just buy me what I need.

115 (5) A baker’s shop, a greengrocer’s, the supermarket.

116 (1a) I can see photos of some famous British shops.

116 (1b) Tesco, Marks & Spencer, and Boots are the well-known shops in Britain.

116 (1c) a) Most shops in Britain open at 9.00 am. b) The shops stay open till 5.30 or 6.00 pm. c) They sell clothes at Marks & Spencer, d) They sell toiletries at Boots, e) When you need to change money you can go to Barklays, Lloyds TSB. f) A pound, pence and a penny are the names of money in Britain.

119 (3c) 1. Selfridge’s is the big store. 2. It is situated in Oxford Street. 3. The White Sale means a sale of household linens at reduced prices. 4. Mrs Me Bright wanted to buy a blanket, a pair of sheets and some towels. 5. The price of towels was £9. 6. She bought cotton sheets. 7. Mrs McBright will get all she has bought this week. 8. Mrs McBright bought a silk tie for her husband. 9. She bought a pair of gloves for herself.

119 (4) Wool; a sheet; a jumper, a sweater; a scarf, mittens; a hat; a blanket; a towel; want.

119 (5)

Shop Assistant: May I help you?

Customer: Yes, I’m looking for a sweater.

Shop Assistant: What colour?

Customer: Red.

Shop Assistant: Here you are.

Customer: How much is it?

Shop Assistant: EUR 20. Do you like it?

Customer: Yes, it’s perfect.

Shop Assistant: You can pay at the cash register.

Customer: Thanks.

120 (1) Where were you five minutes ago? — I was in the school corridor. Who were you with? — I was with my classmates.

Where were you yesterday at 3 pm? — I was at the gym. Who were you with? — I was with my best friend.

Where were you yesterday at 9 pm? — I was at home. Who were you with? — I was with my family.

Where were you last weekend? — I was at the cinema. Who were you with? — I was with my sister.

Where were you last July? — I was in the Carpathians. Who were you with? — I was with my parents.

120 (2) went — go; saw — see; could — can; said — say; got — get; had — have; read — read; come — came; become — became.

121 (4) Yesterday my mother asked me to buy some food in the supermarket. She wanted to prepare something delicious. I decided to buy products for a pizza. I bought some chicken, a kilo of tomatoes, a jar of olives, a pound of cheese and some mushrooms. Also I decided to buy something sweet. My mother loves chocolate candies. I took a box of candies. I saw a lot of tasty things there, but I didn’t have enough money. The prices were high. I spent all my money. But the pizza was really delicious.

122 (7a) interesting — more interesting — the most interesting; large — larger — the largest; famous — more famous — the most famous; fantastic — more fantastic — the most fantastic; expensive — more expensive — the most expensive; good — better — the best; cheap — cheaper — the cheapest; bed — worse — the worst; delicious — more delicious — the most delicious; economical — more economical — the most economical; convenient — more convenient — the most convenient; small — smaller — the smallest; close — closer — the closest.

122 (7b) closer, better, fresher, cheaper, the most exciting, more colourful, the best.

124 (1b) 1. Everyone can find designer shops, souvenir shops, well-stocked bookshops, market stalls and many other kinds of shops. 2. Second-hand shops are also popular with young people. 3. Christie hasn’t bought any presents for her friends in Ukraine. 4. On Saturday the girls were at Harrods. 5. The place was overcrowded and the clothes were expensive. 6. Mary hasn’t bought anything yet. 7. Yes, she docs. She likes shopping in London, because there are a lot of exciting shops. 8. Because there is a large selection of goods in the shops and there are a lot of famous department stores.

125 (4) a) 1 Hello.

7 Oh, 1 forget, I need a plastic bag, please.

3 One kilo of English Cox apple, please.

10 Thank you.

4 Here you are.

2 Hello.

6 90 p for a kilo.

8 They are 20 p.

9 Here’s the money and thanks a lot. Goodbye.

5 How much are they?

***********

b) 8 All right.

7 Yes, two cartons.

1 John, would you go and get some sugar?

6 Yogurt?

4 Shall I get anything else?

2 Yes. How much shall I get?

5 Oh, yes, get a bottle of milk, or perhaps two, and yes, some yogurt too.

3 Get one packet.

126 (5) I think they believe these things are very good for them. There are a lot of advertisements of these products.

I would like to buy Levi’s jeans, because I like trendy clothes. I think they arc high quality jeans.

127 (6) — Can I help you?

— Can I have this yellow hat, please?

— Which one?

— The one with that white ribbon.

— Here you are. Anything else?

— Yes, I’d like to buy a white T-shirt.

— What size?

— I think 38 will be OK. ...Can I try it on?

— Certainly, sir (madam).

— It suits you perfectly.

— I’ll take it. How much is it?

— It costs 200 hryvnias.

— Here is the money.

— Thanks a lot. We will be glad to see you here again.

128 (1) Greengrocer’s shop ‘Tomatoes’ friend’

Go for 5 portions of organic fruit and vegetables for your good health!

Take care of yourself!

130 (1) A 1. She bought it at Waterstones. 2. I saw the snow two weeks ago. 3. No, I didn’t. 4. Yes, she did. 5. No, I didn’t. 6. Last year I studied English and Ukrainian.

В 1. I drank herbal tea in the morning. 2. I ate a piece of cake last Sunday. It was my friend’s birthday. 3. No, I didn’t. 4. I got up at 7 o'clock yesterday. 5. I had an omelette and a cup of tea for breakfast. 6. No, I didn’t. 7. I liked it very much.

130 (2) How much salt do you need? How many packets of salt are you going to buy? How much sugar do you need for your cake? How many of tuna fish on the table. There is some fish in the freezer. There is chocolate in this ice cream. There are bars of chocolate in my bag.

131 (3) Ben had bacon and eggs, a cup of coffee, a glass of milk and an apple for breakfast. For breakfast Anna had a bowl of cereals with milk, a glass of orange juice and a banana. For breakfast Lewis had some toast with strawberry jam and butter and a cup of tea with lemon and honey.

131 (4a) Vicky and Sam are at home. It is morning.

131 (4b) Shopping list for Sam: ten eggs, ajar of jam, a bag of sugar.

132 (5a) In most countries the sign at the cash desk in a shop says something like ‘Pay HERE’. In Britain, though, it nearly always says ‘Please pay HERE’. When you go shopping, you can often hear people say ‘please’. Let’s say you’re buying a book which costs 10 pounds. You hand it to the cashier, who will probably say, ‘Ten pounds, please’. This sounds like ‘May I have the money, please?’, but it’s really just a way of talking. Even if you’ve got the money in your hand, and arc giving it to the cashier, he or she will still say the same thing! Remember, the cashier is always expected to be polite.

132 (6) The shop in the first picture is a large group of popular shops, I suppose. It is huge with the wide selection of goods and it is more convenient than the shop in the second picture. I think it is a big modern, well-designed department store. You can spend all day shopping there. But I think it can be very expensive to shop there. Also it can be busy and crowded at weekends. However, I think that smaller shop is cosier, cheaper and not so noisy. The shop assistant looks friendly and helpful. I’d like to visit both shops, because sometimes even small shops can be surprising for shoppers.

133 (7a) Mike is going to buy some new batteries and the TV Times.

133 (7b) Shopping list: tomatoes, cucumbers, a carton of milk, some buns.

Are you going to the shop?

— Yes, I am. I need some tomatoes and cucumbers. I’m going to make a vegetable salad.

— Can you get me a carton of milk?

— Sure. Do you need something else?

— I’d like some fresh buns. Can you take them for me?

— Yes, of course. So, we’ll have milk and buns for lunch. Sounds tasty.

134 (2) ‘Dragon soup’ is the soup which a dragon cooks itself.

137 (3) 1. He began his day with a big breakfast, had a snack, then a large lunch at 12. After that he had a small snack at 2 in the afternoon, at 4 he had sandwiches and at 7 in the evening there was a royal dinner party. 2. He wanted a cook, who liked changing all his recipes. 3. Klaus told the king he knew a recipe of a dragon soup. 4. Yes, he did. Because king’s new cook let the king cook happily in the kitchen. 5. Yes, he was. He didn’t know how to prepare food, but he knew that the king liked cooking by himself, so he became a king’s cook. 6. The happiest of all was the kitchen helper, because he didn’t need to light fire because the dragon lighted his own stove by shooting fire out of his nose!

142 (1) 1) spaceship; 2) helicopter; 3) bus; 4) car; 5) underground; 6) ship; 7) plane; 8) bike; 9) train.

143 (2) I can go to the park. I’ll go there by bike. I can go to the countryside. I’ll go there by car. I can go to the Carpathian Mountains. I’ll go there by train. I can visit my aunt. I’ll travel there by bus.

143 (3) 1) get off the bus; 2) shall take a plane; 3) take a taxi; 4) missed; 5) got off a train; 6) catch a bus.

143 (4) The train arrived in Kyiv on time. The plane didn’t arrive at the airport on time. The bus arrived at the bus station late. The car didn’t arrive in London on time. The train didn’t arrive at the train station late.

144 (1) People travel on their holidays to see other places and to discover something new.

145 (2) 1. Yes, I do. 2. People travel on their holidays, because they want to change their typical style of life. 3. Travel agencies can help you with the transport and the planning of your holidays. 4. I can travel by bus, by train, by plane, by ship, by bike, by motorbike or by car. 5. When people choose the way of travelling, they think about the advantages and disadvantages of different kinds of transport. 6. Before you go on a trip, you should plan it carefully. 7. You can take photos of sights of a city, ancient buildings or views of mountains, lakes, forests, animals and birds. 8. People take photos to remember the happy moments of their lives.

145 (3b) How did you get to the Railway Station? — I went there by bus.

How did you get to the Airport? — I went there by train.

How did you get over the mountains? — 1 went by plane.

How did you get to the harbour? — 1 took a taxi.

How did you get across the sea? — I went by ship.

How did you get to your Granny? — I went by bicycle.

146 (4) The best way to get to know and understand people is to meet them at their own homes. The best way to learn a language is to live in the country the language is spoken in. The best way to get to know the country is to learn its language.

146 (5) The girl felt very excited about her travelling by plane.

147 (6) 1 b; 2 a; 3 b; 4 b; 5 b; 6 b; 7 a.

147 (7) 1. Yes, I have. 2. I had my journey last summer. 3. I went to the Carpathian mountains. 4. I travelled by train. 5. I saw a lot of small and beautiful villages, the beauty of the mountains in the morning, different herbs in the meadows, and I even rode a horse. 6. People travel to change something in their life, to see new places, and to meet interesting people.

148 (1a) My favourite way of travelling is by car. It is convenient, you can stop whenever you like. You can change your route if you need.

148 (1b) Mrs Smith has chosen travelling by car.

148 (1c) 1 F; 2 T; 3 T; 4 T; 5 T; 6 F; 7 F.

148 (2) 1. Aunt Emily lives in Liverpool. 2. No, she doesn’t. Alice doesn’t like to travel by train in summer. 3. Plane is the quickest way of travelling. 4. No, they don’t. 5. Yes, it is. 6. No, she doesn’t. 7. The Smith will go to Liverpool by car. 8. Best of all I like travelling by car. It is quite comfortable. You can stop whenever you like and you can always change your plans and visit the places that trains or buses do not go to.

149 (3) 1. I agree with this statement. 2. I disagree with this statement. The fastest way of travelling is by plane. 3. I disagree with this statement. Travelling by plane is faster than by train. 4. I disagree with this statement. Travelling by car has got a lot of advantages. 5. I agree with this statement. Travelling in towns and cities you can go sightseeing and get to know a lot of interesting. 6. I agree with this statement. Travelling by train you can lie down on the bench or you can walk while the train is moving. Travelling by bus you usually take your place and sit all the way. It is not very comfortable, especially if you travel long hours. 7. I disagree with this statement. I think it depends on the type of a train or a bus. 8. I disagree with this statement. Buses are not dependent on the rails, so the route can vary sometime. In trains the route is always the same.

149 (4) Travelling was too dangerous and too tiring in the past. There were no roads. People travelled on foot and carried their luggage on their backs. Richer travellers rode horses and camels. So, travelling took a lot of time and it wasn’t comfortable enough. Travelling wasn’t also safe enough. People usually travelled in groups, because they were afraid of robbers and wild animals.

150 (5) I like travelling. But sometimes it is difficult to choose the way of travelling. Every way of travelling has its advantages and disadvantages. It is very comfortable to travel by train or by car.

Travelling by train is also very safe. It is an economical way of travelling. If you need to get somewhere fast, you may travel by plane. It is fast, comfortable, but very expensive.

If you do not want to plan your trip, you should travel by car. It is quite fast, people can travel wherever and whenever they want. But petrol costs a lot of money. Moreover, travelling by car can be very dangerous.

As for me, the most enjoyable and interesting is travelling on foot. I like to take my backpack and go hiking.

151 (1) 1) recently; 2) lately; 3) already, yet; 4) never; 5) ever.

151 (2) 1 b; 2 e; 3 g; 4 c; 5 f; 6 d; 7 a.

151 (3) 1 b; 2 c; 3 a; 4 c.

152 (4) 2) enjoyed; 3) travelled; 4) has just fastened; 5) travels; 6) travelled; 7) was.

152 (5) 1. We shan’t catch a bus to the railway station. Shall we catch a bus to the railway station? 2. The doorman at the hotel didn’t take our suitcases yesterday evening and didn’t point the way to the desk-clerk. Did the doorman at the hotel take our suitcases and point the way to the desk-clerk yesterday evening? 3. Her friends won’t take a taxi to the airport in twenty minutes. Will her friends take a taxi to the airport in twenty minutes? 4. Mark didn’t often travel on business last year. Did Mark often travel on business last year? 5. They haven’t just arrived. Have they just arrived? 6. We didn’t have a pleasant and enjoyable voyage on the Black Sea last summer. Did we have a pleasant and enjoyable voyage on the Black Sea last summer? 7. She hasn’t been to Spain yet. Has she been to Spain yet?

152 (6) 1. How will David go to Turkey? 2. Who booked tickets to Berlin last Monday? 3. When does his train usually arrive in Kharkiv? 4. Where shall we have a longer stop in two hours? 5. What train always runs on time? 6. Why she hasn’t written the place and date of her birth in the personal registration card at the hotel? 7. When did their train arrive to London? 8. Where haven’t I taken a bus to yet?

153 (7) A 1) came; 2) have just been; 3) travelled; 4) Have you read; 5) have never travelled.

В 1. Did it often snow last winter? 2. When did they get married? 3. Did you see the film about animals last night? 4. Have you had dinner today? 5. I have lost my glasses. I can’t find them anywhere. 6 Mary lives in York. She has lived there all her life.

153 (1) Alex’s favourite way of travelling is by ship.

154 (2) 1 T; 2 F; 3 F; 4 T; 5 F; 6 T; 7 F; 8 T.

154 (3) — Have you ever travelled by train?

— Yes, I have.

— Was it a pleasant journey?

— Yes, it was. I enjoyed communicating with other passengers. But the train moved so slowly.

154 (4) A at the railway station. В at the airport.

155 (5) A: When is the train to Brighton, please?

B: 3.10.

A: Which platform?

B: Platform three.

A: How much is the ticket?

B: Single or return?

A: Return, please.

B: That is 16 pounds.

A: Here you are.

B: Thank you, sir / madam.

A: Thank you.

155 (6) Hello, everyone!

Last week I travelled by train for the first time in my life. 1 travelled with my parents. We went to the railway station by bus. There were too many people at the station. The train was overcrowded too. We took our seats. It was fantastic when the train started moving. I looked through the window. Everything was very green — the fields, the woods, the meadows. I liked the trip! Olia

156 (1) Hello, Mark!

I’m so glad you are going to visit me.

Sorry, but I can’t meet you at the station. Fortunately, I live not far from the railway station. When you arrive, go to the bus stop opposite the railway station. Take the bus 4 and get off at the third stop. There you will see a large supermarket. My house is an orange 14-storeyed building next to the supermarket. I live on the 12lh floor. You can take a lift.

I’m looking forward to meeting you.

Yours,

Lesia

158 (2) Australian, Japanese, British, Italian, Russian, American, German, French, Canadian, Ukrainian.

158 (3) People speak English in the UK, the USA, Canada, Australia, India and many other countries. People speak Spanish in Spain, Argentina, Venezuela and many other countries. People speak Japanese in Japan. People speak German in Germany, Austria, Belgium, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, and Switzerland. People speak Italian in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, and Vatican City.

158 (4) A: What foreign language docs Ivan study at school? B: He studies English.

A: What foreign language does Tom study at school? B: He studies German.

A: What foreign language does Oksana study at school? B: Oksana studies English and German at school.

A: What foreign language does Gustav study at school? B: He studies French and English at school.

A: What foreign language does Bill study at school? B: He studies Russian.

A: What foreign language does Jack study at school? B: He studies Ukrainian.

A: What foreign language does Robert study at school? B: He studies Japanese.

A: What foreign language does Gregory study at school? B: He studies English.

A: What foreign language does Arturo study at school? B: He studies German and English.

A: What foreign language does Mary study at school? B: She studies French.

A: What foreign language does Yoko study at school? B: She studies American English.

160 (1a) The Sydney Opera House is the symbol of Australia. Bohdan Khmelnytskyi Monument is the symbol of Ukraine. Big Ben is the symbol of England. The Eiffel Tower is the symbol of France. The Statue of Liberty is the symbol of the USA. St Basil Cathedral is the symbol of Russia.

160 (1b) The Sydney Opera House is situated in Sydney. Bohdan Khmelnytskyi Monument is situated in Kyiv. Big Ben is situated in London. The Eiffel Tower is situated in Paris. The Statue of Liberty is situated in New York. St Basil Cathedral is situated in Moscow.

161 (2a) 1. The British Queen lives in Buckingham Palace in London. 2. The Queen’s favourite summer home is Windsor Castle. 3. The oldest royal residence is the Tower of London. 4. The most famous bridge is Tower Bridge. 5. The largest square is Trafalgar Square. 6. The most popular park is Hyde Park with its Speaker’s Comer. 7. The biggest museum is called the British Museum. 8. Big Ben is the most famous bell. 9. The largest church is called St Paul’s Cathedral. 10. One of the largest castles in the world still lived in is Windsor Castle.

163 (3) In Egypt we can see Cairo, the largest and the busiest city in Africa. Also there is the Egyptian Museum, the Sphinx and the monumental Pyramids.

In Mexico you can see the City of the Gods, one of the most important and interesting places of ancient Mexico.

164 (4) 1 a; 2 b; 3 a; 4 b; 5 c; 6 c; 7 b.

165 (5) 1 f; 2 e; 3 h; 4 c; 5 d; 6 a; 7 b; 8 g.

167 (6) I would like to visit Paris one day. Paris is the capital of France. Over 2 million people live there. The city is situated on the Seine River. The city is one of the most favourite tourist attractions. There are a lot of palaces and cathedrals in Paris. Tourists visit Notre Dame Cathedral, the Louvre Museum, the Eiffel Tower and, of course, Disneyland. Paris Fashion Week is also very popular. Here you can meet many famous people and have a lot of fun, looking at models in strange and funny clothes, as for me. I would like to visit some museums, because I like history very much.

167 (1) I can get some information on the websites or at a travel agency.

No, I have never been on a sightseeing tour.

Yes, I have. I have looked at leaflets with the information about different tours to Europe.

In a leaflet you can find information about the places of interest of the country, their opening hours and prices.

167 (2) 1. A tourist and a travel agent are talking at a travel agency. 2. The man hasn’t seen anything in London yet. 3. He looked at the leaflets. 4. He chose the National Gallery. 5. No, he hasn’t. 6. There aren’t any double-deckers in London streets nowadays, but you can have a sightseeing tour on a double- decker bus for tourists. 7. He will start with the sightseeing tour, because he had never travelled on a double-decker.

168 (3a) c) the Tower of London; a) London Zoo; b) Sightseeing Tours by London Taxi; d) Madame Tussaud’s.

169 (4a) The girl visited London. There she saw Trafalgar Square, Nelson’s column, Tower Bridge, the River Thames and the Houses of Parliament. Then Pam visited New York and the Empire State Building. And finally she was in Sydney and saw the Opera House.

170 (4b) 1. Pam would like to visit London, New York and Sydney. 2. Trafalgar Square is the most famous square in London. 3. You can see the River Thames in London. 4. The Empire State Building in New York has got a hundred and two floors. 5. The most interesting opera house in the world is in Sydney. 6. Nano is a real friend of Pam.

170 (5) Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral, Kiev-Pechcrsk Lavra. L’viv: Historic Centre. London: the Tower of London, Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey. Giza: the Pyramids. Paris: Palace and Park of Versailles, Notre Dame Cathedral. Athens: Acropolis. Rome: Historic Centre. Jerusalem: Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls. Krakơw: Historic Centre. New York: the Statue of Liberty.

172 (1) 1) the; 2) a; 3) the; the; the; 4) The; a; 5) the; a; 6) The; the; 7) The; a; 8) The; a.

172 (2) A 1. The Sphinx is in Egypt. 2. The Chicago River flows south towards the Gulf of Mexico. 3. Regent Street is a street in the West End of London. It runs between Oxford Circus and Piccadilly Circus. 4. The National Gallery faces Trafalgar Square. 5. The Canary Islands are popular with British people for a holiday at the seaside. 6. The Volga flows from the Valdai Hills to the Caspian Sea. 7. Where arc the British Isles?

В 1. Margaret lives in Vienna. It is in Austria. 2. You can find beautiful collections in the Tate Gallery. 3. We get tea mostly from China and Ceylon. 4. The Danube rises in Germany and flows through Vienna in Austria, Budapest in Hungary, and through Romania and Moldova, and finally into the Black Sea. 5. They brought the potato to Europe from America. 6. Mary speaks English very well.

173 (3) A 1. The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France to the United States. 2. Donald and Sarah went to school yesterday. 3. On our trip to the USA we crossed the Atlantic Ocean. 4. Nickolas is the youngest son of the Browns. 5. He lived in the South-East, then he moved to the North. 6. Some seas have names of colours: the Black Sea, the Red Sea, the Yellow Sea. 7. Fleet Street in London took its name from the Fleet River, which till 1765 ran into the Thames. 8. His ship nearly sank in the Pacific.

В 1. The article tells about the events in Asia and in Africa. 2. My uncle has been to Latin America. 3. Asia is between the Black Sea and tire Mediterranean Sea. 4. Mount Blanc is the highest peak of the Alps. 5. Aladdin was a lazy boy. 6. In one of the cities of China there lived Mustapha. 7. This man is English. 8. Thousands of people go to Crimea in summer. 9. What is the capital of Canada? 10. The Pamirs, which are called the ‘Roof of the world’, are in Asia.

174 (1) 1. I like imaginary travelling to some places. I often imagine myself in different places I have read about. 2. I would like to visit all the countries of the world! 3. I often travel with my parents. 4. Usually I just imagine things, but once a year my parents have holidays and we visit some interesting places and cities. 5. It is interesting to travel when you have a map and a compass, but it is easier to travel, when you have GPS-navigator in your car. 6. If you use your map, you can learn about new places, rivers, mountains. If you read a tourist guide, you can find out some interesting information about the places, you have already been.

175 (3) What airport did you arrive? What means of transport did you use in the city? How long have you been there? What places of interest did you visit? Why did you choose these places to visit? Who travelled with you? When did you come back? How did you feel about it?

177 (6a) The foreigners can visit an ancient castle ‘Swallow’s Nest’ in Crimea. If they want to take part in a festival, they can visit the exciting Neptun Festival there. If they like voyages, they can go boating along the Dnipro River. If they like folklore and crafts, they should go on the Rainbow Tour.

177 (6b) I want to advertise the Rainbow Tour. First of all, you can learn more about Ukrainian history and traditions there. You’ll visit Poltava, the birthplace of several famous Ukrainian writers. You will buy some original souvenirs there. You’ll learn to do some crafts. For example, you can learn to paint eggs or to make baskets from the sticks. You’ll take part in a lot of fun competitions. If you like music, you can visit different folk concerts there. If you go on the Rainbow Tour, you won’t regret! Spend your time funny and usefully.

178 (1) Dear Mum and Dad,

I’m in Cairo now. It’s a wonderful place and the people arc very nice too. It’s very hot. And the pyramids? They are fantastic.

I love it here.

See you soon.

Love,

Billy

180 (1) 1. The Atlantic is an ocean. 2. New York is a city. 3. The longest street in the town is called Kingsway. 4. Ilica is a street in Zagreb. 5. Rome is the biggest city in Italy. 6. The Thames is a river in Great Britain. 7. The USA is one of the richest countries in the world. 8. The Republic of Croatia became an independent country in 1992. 9. Volvos are Swedish cars. 10. Pippy Longstocking is the name of the famous book for children.

180 (2) A: Have you been to a football match since you arrived?

B: No, I haven’t. I never go to football matches. I hate football.

A: Have you sent any postcards yet?

B: Yes, I have.

A: Have you seen the British Museum yet?

B: No, I haven’t.

A: Have you seen any good restaurants?

B: I’ve eaten out twice.

A: Have you visited Madame Tussaud’s?

B: No, I haven’t. I visited it last year when I was in London.

A: Have you had time to go to our beautiful parks?

B: Yes, I’ve been to three parks!

A: Has your mother phoned you?

B: No, she hasn’t.

A: Have you enjoyed your visit so far?

B: Yes. I’ve done so many interesting things!

181 (2b) Bob has never been to a football match. He has already sent some postcards. He hasn’t seen the British Museum yet. He has eaten out twice. He hasn’t visited Madame Tussaud’s this time. He has already been to three parks. His mother has not phoned him yet. He has enjoyed his visit so far.

181 (3а) 1) journey; 2) voyage; 3) comfortable; 4) arrived; 5) took; 6) caught; 7) travelling; 8) passengers; 9) fantastic; 10) pictures.

182 (4) 1. Capital; centre; population; hot; sunny; places. 2. Important; business; tourists; famous; world.

183 (5) The UK: Buckingham Palace, Trafalgar Square, St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Hyde Park, Windsor Castle, The National Gallery, the Tower of London.

Ukraine: Building with Chimeras, Mykolaivska Square, Mariinsky Palace, Maidan Nezalezhnosti, St Sophia Cathedral, the Golden Gates, Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra, the Museum of National History.

183 (6) A: What historical places are you going to see in London?

B: It is the first time I have come to London. I have never been to the UK before. I want to see as much in London as possible.

A: There are many museums in London. There you can learn more about the history and culture of our country. You can also visit St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Windsor Castle, and the Tower of London. There you can feel the touch of history.

B: What about some entertaining places?

A: If you want to see all London immediately, go to the London Eye. You’ll have an amazing view of the city.

B: Thank you. By the way, I’m here with my elder sister. She loves art. What would you recommend her?

A: She must visit the National Gallery. I think both of you will find a lot of interesting there.

B: Thanks a lot for your help.

A: Thanks for coming. Goodbye.

183 (7a) A: Have you ever been to a foreign country? What country have you been to?

В: I have been to Poland.

A: Where and with whom were you there?

В: I was in Warsaw with my parents.

A: How did you get there? Was it difficult to buy tickets?

В: I got there by train. It wasn’t difficult to buy tickets.

A: How long did it take you to get there?

B: It took me almost all day to get there.

A: Did you take a lot of suitcases and bags with you?

В: We didn’t have many suitcases with us.

A: Did you find a cheap or an expensive hotel?

B: We did not stay at a hotel. We stayed with a family of my father’s friend.

184 (8) a) A: My favourite transport is a plane. If you want to get to London quickly, you should use it too.

B: I’m afraid of going by plane. I have never tried it.

A: Don’t be afraid. Planes are safe nowadays.

B: Why is it your favourite means of transport?

A: You can see marvellous things through your window, reach any place in the world faster than by any other means of transport. Try and you’ll like it too.

B: OK. Thanks for your advice.

b) A: I haven’t seen you lately. Where have you been?

В: I have been to London.

A: How did you get there?

В: I got there by plane. I was a bit afraid, but I liked it.

A: What places of interest did you visit there?

В: I visited Trafalgar Square, St Paul’s Cathedral, Hyde Park, the National Gallery, and the Tower of London.

A: Did you go to the British Museum?

B: Yes, I did. I took some photos there.

A: Did you enjoy your journey?

B: Yes. It was fantastic!

184 (9) 1. Which is the highest waterfall in the world? 2. Which is the largest continent in the world? 3. Which is the farthest planet from the Sun? 4. Which is the deepest ocean in the world? 5. Where is the Eiffel Tower situated? 6. Where is the Statue of Liberty situated? 7. How many continents are there on our planet? 8. What is the capital of Italy?

184 (9b) 1 a; 2 c; 3 b; 4 c; 5 b; 6 b; 7 c; 8 c.

185 (10) 1. I usually travel in summer. 2. I visit different towns and cities of our motherland. 3. I usually collect information about the places I would like to visit. 4. I think it is very useful, because you can plan your trip or find some interesting information about popular sites.

185 (11) People like to travel alone, with their friends, parents and even with a dog. When they travel they like to find a good company. Usually they travel on business or to see the beauty of the world. Travelling gives us experience, teaches us to understand other people, and helps to study geography, history and languages. Sometimes it can be tiring, expensive, or even dangerous. It depends on what countries you travel. I like travelling because it is exciting at enjoyable.

187 (1) There are a lot of countries where people speak English as their first language. These are the United Kingdom, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Republic of Ireland, South Africa.

187 (2b) Over 1,200,000,000 people in the world can speak English. My sister and my parents speak poor English.

189 (4) 1 F; 2 T; 3 F; 4 T; 5 F; 6 F; 7 F; 8 T; 9 F; 10 T.

189 (5) 1) Australia; 2) United Kingdom; 3) states; 4) flag; 5) dollars; 6) capital; 7) six; 8) continent; 9) sport; 10) uniforms.

189 (6) 1. The United Kingdom includes four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. London is the capital of the UK. The flag of the UK is called the Union Jack. 2. There are 50 states in the USA. There are six time zones there. Washington is the capital of the USA. 3. People call Australia Down Under. The weather is warm there. When it is winter in Europe, it is summer in Australia.

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1 4 (2) — номер сторінки (номер вправи).

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