Розв’язання усіх вправ і завдань до підручника «АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА. 6 клас» Несвіт А. М. - 2016 рік
5 (1) A Where are the children? — They are in the schoolyard. Do they know each other? — Yes, they do. They are friends. What are they doing? They are meeting in the schoolyard.
В Where are the children? — They are at school. Do they know each other? — No, they don’t. There is a new pupil in the class. What are they doing? They are greeting the new pupil in class.
C Where are the children? — They are in the playground. Do they know each other? — Yes, they do. What are they doing? They are playing football.
D Where are the children? — They are in front of the school. Do they know each other? — Yes, they do. They are the pupil of the same class. What are they doing? They are greeting a teacher.
5 (2) Picture 1.
6 (3) 1) False; 2) True; 3) False.
6 (4) 1) holidays; 2) summer; 3) seaside; 4) classmates.
6 (5) 1) holidays; 2) classmates; 3) seaside; 4) summer.
6 (6a) Today is the first of September. The children are in the school yard. They are happy. The teachers meet them before lessons.
Look at Dan! He has got a bunch of flowers in his hands. The flowers are for Miss Alison.
Look at Ann! She has got a new school bag in her hand. The school bag is pink and white.
6 (6b) There are some children in front of the school. They are happy to see each other. The children have neat clothes and new schoolbags. They look happy to see each other. They are discussing their summer holidays.
7 (7) 1. Did you help your grandparents? — Yes, I did. 2. Did you read a lot of books? — No, I didn’t. 3. Did you buy lots of souvenirs? — Yes, I did. 4. Were you in the youth camp? — No, I wasn’t.
7 (8) Last summer holidays I went to the Carpathians. I went there with my parents. I travelled by train. We stayed with a family of my mother’s friend. We spent two weeks there. We got up early in the morning to see the magic of nature. The mountains are beautiful. We spent all days walking in the forests, climbing the mountains and watching the wild animals. I saw some hares, squirrels and even a snake! I liked everything about the Carpathians and was sad to return home.
10 (1) 1. There are four people in my family. 2. Yes, I have. I have a sister. 3. I get on well with her. I would like to have a larger family. I would like to have a brother also. 5. We celebrate Christmas, Easter, birthdays, and other holidays in my family. Our grandparents, uncles, and aunts gather together. We have a lot of fun.
11 (3) 2. False. His parents are from Edinburgh, Scotland. 3. False. John visits them once or twice a year. 4. True.
11 (4) A 1. Her name is Olha. 2. She lives in Kyiv. 3. Her native city is Kharkiv. 4. She lives with her parents and a younger brother. 5. She visits her grandparents in Kharkiv. 6. She has a younger brother.
В 1. His name is John. 2. He lives in London. 3. His native city is London. 4. He lives with his parents. 5. He visits his relatives in Edinburgh: 6. He has two brothers and a sister.
11 (5) Where do you live? What is your native city? Who do you live with? How many brothers and sisters do you have? How old are your parents? What do your parents do? Do you have any family traditions? What are they? How do you spend your evenings? What do you usually do at weekends?
11 (6) I’m Oksana. I live in Lutsk. My parents work here. My grandparents live in Zhytomyr. I visit them two or three times a year. My cousins live with their parents in Zhytomyr too. I have a younger sister. She is nine. My sister is my best friend. I like sport and go running every day. I do sports at school. I like my school. I have a lot of friends there.
12 (1) 1. Family members spend a lot of time together. They work, celebrate family and religious holidays. 2. In some families people meet only on some family gatherings, such as weddings, religious holidays. Other families live close, often visit and help each other. 3. It is important to keep family traditions, because traditions create memories and help to keep a family together.
12 (2) All Tom’s relatives (parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles) helped Tom with his project.
13 (3) 1 C; 2 A; 3 B; 4 D; 5 E.
13 (4) 1. Mrs and Mr Johnson are Mrs Tyler’s parents. 2. Mrs and Mr Gilbert are Mrs Tyler’s grandparents. 3. Mrs and Mr Marks are Mary’s aunt and uncle; 4. Sue and Mary are cousins. 5. Alice and Tom are a sister and a brother. 6. Mary, Sue, and John are Mr and Mrs Johnson’s nieces and nephews. 7. Mrs Marks is Mr Mark’s wife. 8. Mr Tyler is Mrs Tyler’s husband.
15 (5) 1) elder; 2) older; 3) oldest; 4) elder; 5) the oldest; 6) older.
15 (6) Ann: Hi, I’m Ann. What’s your name?
Ann: Nice to meet you, Julia! What class are you in?
Julia: In the sixth.
Ann: Really? Olesia is in that class too. Do you like our school Dancing Club?
Julia: Yes, I do.
Ann: Is it your first year in Kyiv?
Julia: Yes, it is. I came to Kyiv from Lviv. My father has got a job here.
Ann: Do you have any brothers or sisters?
Julia: Yes, I have. I have a brother. And I also have two cousins. Their names are Svitlana and Mykola.
Ann: Do you like dancing?
Julia: Yes, I do. And I’m also interested in photography.
Ann: That’s nice. Enjoy your time in Kyiv!
16 (7) I have a new friend. His name is Ostap. He is from Poltava, but he lives in Rivne now. Ostap is in the 6lh form. He is the only child in the family. His hobbies are chess and music. He also plays the guitar. His parents are musicians. They have their own band. It is so cool.
16 (1) 1. A good parent is someone who: teaches the child to know right from wrong / takes care of the child / understands the child / loves and supports the child. 2. A good child is someone who: is polite / works diligently at school / doesn’t use bad language / doesn’t lie to the parents / gets along with the family and friends.
16 (2) 1 D; 2 В; 3 E; 4 A; 5 C.
17 (3) My mum’s name is Vira Ivanivna. She is a very attractive woman. She’s got blue eyes and short fair hair. She is friendly and funny.
My mum loves photography. She always brings her camera. Her photos are beautiful. My mother also likes music and singing.
My mummy loves to spend time with me. We discuss some events, talk about life. Mum is my best friend.
18 (5) 1. She always listens to my school stories. 2. When I am hungry, she always cooks some delicious food. 3. She always helps me with my homework.
18 (6) 1. There are three children in the family. 2. Inna’s sister Eva is her best friend. 3. She is a helpful, kind and funny person. 4. When the girls are together, they talk a lot, cook, do their homework.
19 (7) My sister Inna is my best friend. She is my younger sister. I like to help her with her homework. Besides, she is a good storyteller too. She always tells different school stories. She asks me advice on how to solve her problems. I also like to do cooking for her and to tell her some jokes. She laughs a lot. That’s why I love her very much.
19 (8) I have a younger brother. His name is Oleh. He is a bit younger than I. My brother is my best friend. 1 spend a lot of time with him. We do our homework together. We help each other to do the housework. We go swimming together. Besides, he always finds some interesting games to play. Life would be boring without him. That’s why I love him very much.
19 (1) It’s great to have a sister or a brother.
A: I agree. You can do a lot of things together.
В: I do not think so. You usually share a room with them. They can take your things. They can tell all your secrets to your parents. It is very good to be the youngest child in the family.
A: I think so. Everybody helps you and everybody loves you.
В: I do not think so. Everybody tells you that you are too young to do something. And you always try to show that you are not a child anymore.
20 (2) I think the text gives a clear description of aunt Liudmyla.
20 (3) 1. Kate likes her aunt Liudmyla the most. 2. Kate’s aunt has thick straight brown hair and dark brown eyes. She’s got a nice smile. 3. I think Kate likes most that she can always ask her aunt for advice. 4. Liudmyla is very active and kind-hearted person. But she doesn’t like when people do not agree with her.
20 (4) My uncle Vasyl has got a happy round face. He is my mother’s brother. Uncle Vasyl is intelligent and kind-hearted, but he isn’t patient sometimes. His hobbies are fishing and playing computer games. Uncle Vasyl doesn’t like sport, but he is a good chess player. His favourite food is strawberries. My uncle can eat two kilos of strawberries at once. He likes cats. Uncle Vasyl has three cats at home. If he goes fishing, my uncle always brings them some fish.
21 (5) A: My uncle is very smart.
B: Does he help you with your Maths?
A: Yes, he does.
A: My aunt loves knitting.
B: Did she knit you this jumper?
A: No, she doesn’t.
A: My father likes football.
B: Do you play football with him?
A: Yes, I do.
21 (6) My aunt Marta is very attractive. She has an oval face. Her hair is long and her eyes are dark blue. She is smart and charming, but she can be bossy at times. Her hobbies are gardening and learning foreign languages. She speaks four foreign languages! Auntie Marta doesn’t like cooking, but she loves fruit. She makes fruit salads. They are very tasty. Auntie has a dog. She goes jogging with her dog every day. My aunt is a very interesting person.
21 (1) It’s good to be the only child in the family. — I think so too. You do not need to share your parents’ attention with somebody else. — I do not think so. Life is not so interesting without brothers and sisters.
Brothers and sisters must always help and support each other. — I think so too. They are the closest people, so they should share their problems with each other. — I do not think so. They are one family, but they can be different people. So, they have their own interests and my solve their problems by themselves.
22 (2) A Vira; В Maria; C Oles; D Natalie; E Dan
23 (3) 1. Dan is writing an e-mail to Alex. 2. His friends’ names are Vira, Maria, Oles, and Natalie. 3. I think they are in an amusement park. 4. Dan describes their appearance and some features of character.
23 (4) The boy on the left looks neat. He is tall and thin. He has got short hair and a nice smile. The boy is rather smart. I think he is sociable and cheerful. The girl with long hair next to him looks strict and intelligent. She is the tallest girl. The shortest girl has a nice oval face, a pleasant smile. I think she is extremely cheerful and talkative. She has a good sense of humour. The girl on the right looks as if she is reading something aloud. She is slim and tall. She wears her long dark blond hair in a ponytail. I think she is curious and caring.
24 (6) 1) polite; 2) brilliant; 3) talented; 4) energetic; 5) patient...kind-hearted; 6) charming; 7) smart.
24 (7) I want to tell you about my close friend. Her name is Lesia. She is not very tall. Lesia has got long blond curly hair and dark blue eyes. Lesia’s face is oval and she has got a small nose. She is very attractive. Lesia wears the clothes of the latest fashion.
My friend is kind and loyal. Lesia is always ready to help. She is also very funny. Lesia likes to tell funny stories and always makes me laugh.
25 (2) 1) Is, is looking; 2) Is, brings, travels; 3) Is; barks, sees; 4) Have...bought; Do...want; 5) is having; 6) Did...watch.
25 (3) 1) is sewing; 2) are visiting; 3) Do...know; 4) help; 5) were; worked; 6) swept.
25 (4) — Hi, Mark! I know nothing about your family. Tell me about your parents, please.
— OK. My father is a businessman. He works for a TV company.
— Really? And what about your mother?
— My mother is a cook. She works in a restaurant.
— Are you the only child in the family?
— No, I’m not. I have an elder brother. He is nearly 19.
— Do you get on well with him?
— Yes. I do. We always help each other and never argue.
30 (1) a) 1. My favourite place to go shopping is a supermarket. I like to buy different kinds of food. 2. My favourite place to go shopping is a department store. I like to buy fashionable clothes. 3. My favourite place to go shopping is the baker’s. I like to buy bread. 4. My favourite place to go shopping is the greengrocer’s. I like to buy vegetables. 5. My favourite place to go shopping is the grocer’s. I like to buy beverages. 6. My favourite place to go shopping is a dairy. I like to buy milk. 7. My favourite place to go shopping is the butcher’s. I like to buy meat. 8. My favourite place to go shopping is a toy shop. I like to buy new toys. 9. My favourite place to go shopping is a market. I like to buy fresh fruit.
b) 1. We can buy seafood at the supermarket. 2. We can buy shirts at the department store. 3. We can buy rolls and buns at the baker’s. 4. We can buy tomatoes and onions at the greengrocer’s. 5. We can buy mineral water at the grocer’s. 6. We can buy yoghurt at the dairy. 7. We can buy sausages at the butcher’s. 8. We can buy dolls and teddy bears at the toy shop. 9. We can buy apples and pears at the market.
30 (2) Ann’s favourite place to go shopping is a local market.
31 (3) 1 D; 2 B; 3 E; 4 A; 5 C.
31 (4) Steve is at the greengrocer’s. Dan is at the butcher’s. Jane is at the department store. Steve is at the toy shop. Jim is at the baker’s.
32 (5) 2. I would like to buy a kilo of grapes. 3. I would like to buy a CD. 4. I would like to buy a packet of fruit candies. 5. I would like to buy a packet of spaghetti. 6. I would like to buy a toy car.
32 (6) 1) butcher’s; 2) market; 3) baker’s; 4) supermarket; 5) a department store.
32 (7) Supermarkets become more and more popular nowadays. So, I usually do the shopping at the local supermarket. It is my favourite place to do the shopping. It is big and nice. At the supermarket you can choose what you want. I can buy different fruit and vegetables there. I can also buy meat, sausages, and tasty sweets at the supermarket. I always have a long shopping list. It helps me a lot.
33 (1) Sunday is my shopping day. I do the shopping at the local supermarket. They sell all kinds of food, clothes, toys, magazines, and household goods there. I usually buy bread and rolls at the bakery department; butter and sour cream at the dairy department; tea, coffee, pasta, flour, and rice at the grocery department; sausages at the butchery; fruit and vegetables at the greengrocery; sweets and jam at the confectionery; soap and paper towels at the chemist’s.
33 (2) 1. A: I went shopping with my mum yesterday.
A: We went shopping for clothes only.
A: True! We didn’t buy any food.
2. A: I went shopping with my dad yesterday.
A: We went shopping for toys only.
A: True! We didn’t buy any clothes.
3. A: I went shopping with my sister yesterday.
A: We went shopping for food only.
A: True! We didn’t buy any household chemicals.
33 (3) A A: Where does your family buy most of the food?
B: We buy most of the food at the supermarket.
A: What things can you buy at the supermarket?
B: We can buy meat, ham, bacon, and sausages.
A: What do you do when you can’t find the things you want to buy?
B: We go to the butcher’s and buy them there.
В A: Where does your family buy most of the food?
B: We buy most of the food at the market.
A: What things can you buy at the market?
B: We can buy different kinds of fruit and vegetables.
A: What do you do when you can’t find the things you want to buy?
B: We go to the greengrocer’s and buy them there.
C A: Where does your family buy most of the food?
B: We buy most of the food at the supermarket.
A: What things can you buy at the supermarket?
B: We can buy milk, sour cream, and cheese.
A: What do you do when you can’t find the things you want to buy?
B: We go to the dairy and buy them there.
D A: Where does your family buy most of the food?
B: We buy most of the food at the market.
A: What things can you buy at the market?
B: We can buy tea and coffee.
A: What do you do when you can’t find the things you want to buy?
B: We go to the coffee shop and buy them there.
34 (4) b) 1) rice, rice, flour, pasta; 2) butter, dairy; 3) paper towels, soap; 4) bread rolls, bakery.
35 (5) Teacher: Rice.
Group A: How much rice?
Teacher: Right. One kilo. Peaches.
Group B: How many peaches?
Group A: How much butter?
Group B: How many ham?
Teacher: Wrong! 'How much ham?’. Group В doesn’t get a point. Paper towels.
Group A: How many paper towels?
Teacher: Sour cream.
Group В: How much sour cream?
Group A: How many bananas?
Group B: How much sugar?
Group A: How many buns?
Teacher: Mineral water.
Group B: How much mineral water?
35 (6) Much, any, some, many, any, much, any, any, much, much.
35 (7) Things to buy: 1 loaf of bread, 2 packets of milk, 1 kilo of potatoes, 3 tins of fish, 300 grams of ham, 10 eggs, 1 tub of butter.
36 (1) a) The man needed so much bread because he had to give it to his parents and children.
b) 1) false; 2) false; 3) false; 4) false; 5) true; 6) true.
37 (3) 1. Kim is at the deli department. 2. She wants to buy cold cuts. 3. She is talking to a shop assistant. 4. She wants to buy a kilo of ham. 5. She wants to buy half a kilo of cheese. 6. No, she doesn’t. She doesn’t want to buy anything else.
37 (4) A. Shop assistant: Can I help you?
You: Yes, I would like half a kilo of cheese and one kilo of meat.
Shop assistant: Anything else?
You: Yes. Two kilos of potatoes and one kilo of oranges, please.
Shop assistant: Here you are.
You: Thank you.
B. You: Who is next?
Customer: I am.
You: What would you like?
Customer: I would like half a kilo of cheese, one kilo of meat, two kilos of potatoes and one kilo of oranges.
You: Anything else?
Customer: No, that’s all. Thank you.
38 (5) 1 b; 2 c; 3 c; 4 c; 5 a; 6 c.
39 (2) 2. I can buy a kilo of fish at the fishmonger’s. 3. I can buy a cake at the confectionery. 4. I can buy a toy at the toy shop. 5. I can buy a bottle of vinegar at the grocer’s. 6. I can buy a bar of soap at the chemist’s. 7. I can buy a bottle of milk at the dairy shop. 8. I can buy tennis rockets at the sports shop. 9. I can buy a pair of gloves at the clothes shop.
39 (3) Kim is at the department store. Dan is at the dairy shop. Steve is at the baker’s. Ann is at the greengrocer’s. Jim is at the fishmonger’s. John is at the confectionery.
40 (4) A: Where do you buy cakes?
В: At the confectionery.
A: Where do you buy carrots?
B: At the greengrocer’s.
A: Where do you buy potatoes?
B: At the market.
A: Where do you buy oranges?
B: At the supermarket.
A: Where do you buy a toy bear?
B: At the toy shop.
A: Where do you buy a computer game?
B: At the supermarket.
40 (5) 1) tomorrow 2) shopping 3) clothing 4) sweets 5) centre.
41 (6) 1) might ask; 2) might buy; 3) might do; 4) might go; 5) may give; 6) might help.
41 (7) I might buy some apples and bananas because they are very healthy. Besides, I like these kinds of fruit very much. They are my favourite.
I might buy a cup of tea because I like to drink something hot. I like tea with lemon and sugar.
I might buy a sausage sandwich because it may help a lot when I am hungry. Besides, it is very delicious. I might also buy a vegetable sandwich because there are a lot of vitamins in vegetables and they are very helpful when you want to be healthy.
I might buy sweets because I like them very much. They are very tasty. I think they are the best in the world.
42 (8) I am meeting John next Sunday. We are going to a new shopping centre. We might buy something there. We might go to the cinema and watch a new film. We might also visit a zoo because I know that a new zoo is coming to our town this week. I am seeing my grandparents in the evening. My grandma might cook some tasty cake and my grandpa might buy me a model airplane. We might make it. I might have a good time on Sunday.
43 (2) 1. Jane wants to go shopping tonight. 2. She wants to go to the department store. 3. She is calling to the department store, because she wants to know how late they are open. 4. Ann is at the shoe shop. 5. She wants to buy a pair of shoes. 6. Four.
43 (3) 1) have...bought; 2) is; 3) must go; 4) don’t have to; 5) are; 6) are; 7) pays.
44 (4) I think the colour is quite important when you want to buy some clothes. In my opinion, the comfort is very important when you buy good clothes. To my mind, the name of the designer isn’t important at all when you want to buy good clothes. I think the size is very important when you want to buy good clothes. In my opinion, the quality is very important when you want to buy good clothes. To my mind, the fabric is quite important when you want to buy good clothes.
44 (5) Hello! How are the things? I am fine! It’s so great here! You can’t even imagine what wonderful things I bought! One of them is a dress. I love it! I bought it in the clothes shop which is in Shevchenko Street. It is so beautiful! It is red and white, with silver stripes, made of silk. You will like it. When I put it on, I look like a real princess! Bye for now. Kiss you. Emma.
45 (1) Ukraine— hryvnias, kopiikas. Great Britain— pounds, pence. The USA — dollars, cents.
46 (3) 2) three nickels and a dime.
46 (4) 2. A: How much is this cup, please?
B: One pound and 99 pence. How many would you like?
A: I’ll take two, please.
B: How would you like to pay?
A: In cash. Here you are.
B: Thank you. Here’s your receipt and change.
3. A: How much is this CD, please?
B: 15 pounds. How many would you like?
A: I’ll take one, please.
B: How would you like to pay?
A: In cash. Here you are.
B: Thank you. Here’s your receipt and change.
47 (5) I can buy one loaf of bread at the price of 5 hryvnias, one packet of butter at the price of 10 hryvnias, a packet of spaghetti at the price of 12 hryvnias, 300 grams of sausage which is 30 hryvnias, a cabbage which costs 3 hryvnias, two oranges which cost 7 hryvnias, one packet of flour at the price of 5 hryvnias, one packet of rice at the price of 12 hryvnias, a few French sausages which cost 20 hryvnias, one bread roll and one bun which cost 3 hryvnias, a carton of milk at the price of 11 hryvnias, one beet which costs 2 hryvnias, one packet of tea at the price of 15 hryvnias, three lemons which cost 8 hryvnias, two jars of jam at the price of 11 hryvnias each, 200 grams of sweets which cost 16 hryvnias. I will pay 181 hryvnias and get 19 hryvnias change.
47 (6) I went shopping yesterday. I had a long shopping list. I had to buy two packets of sour cream, three tins of fish, one kilo of potatoes, two onions, half a kilo of ham, three loaves of bread, one tube of toothpaste, two packets of margarine, one kilo of sugar, a bottle of oil and two cans of fruit. It cost a lot, so I paid 223 hryvnias.
48 (1) They can buy soft toys, dolls, toy cars and computer games in the Ham- ley’s. They can buy different pink dolls in the Mystical Fairies. They can buy different comics in the Forbidden Planet. They can buy sweets and chocolate in the Hope and Greenwood Shop.
48 (2) 1 D; 2 A; 3 C; 4 B.
49 (4) 1) Mystical Fairies; 2) Hamley’s; 3) Hope and Greenwood Shop; 4) Mystical Fairies; 5) Mystical Fairies; 6) Forbidden Planet.
49 (5) 1) Did you have; 2) did not try; 3) did you go; 4) Science Museum; 5) got; 6) did you watch; 7) didn’t like; 8) did you stay; 9) did Susan enjoy; 10) Did.
50 (6) You: I heard you are going to London next month.
Your friend: Yes. I would like to see some interesting places and do the shopping. Where would you recommend to go?
You: Oh, there are a lot of nice places to do your shopping. But I like the Hamley’s best of all.
Your friend: Why?
You: Don’t you know? It is the greatest toy shop in the world.
Your friend: Where is it?
You: In Regent Street.
Your friend: What can I buy there?
You: You can buy the most wonderful toys and games there.
Your friend: Are they expensive?
You: No, not much. But they are of the latest fashion.
Your friend: Are there any toy demonstrations?
You: Yes, you can try every toy before you buy it.
Your friend: That’s great. Thank you for your advice.
You: You are welcome. Enjoy your time there!
50 (7) My dear Jane,
Thanks for the letter you sent me last month. I also like shopping. I love bookshops and clothes shops. I usually buy something every time I visit a shop. I’m a kind of shopaholic. You know, I’m visiting London next month. Can you write me something about shops in London? Where do you usually shop? What are your favourite places to do the shopping? Can you recommend me some nice places to buy souvenirs for my family? Thanks in advance for you recommendations.
51 (1) A: How many pennies are there in a pound?
B: There are 100 pennies in a pound.
A: How many kopiikas are there in a hryvnia?
B: There are 100 kopiikas in a hryvnia.
A: How many nickels are there in a dollar?
B: There are 20 nickels.
A: How many dimes are there in a dollar?
B: There are 10 dimes.
A: How many quarters are there in a dollar?
B: There are 4 quarters.
51 (2) a) When do you usually do the shopping? How often do you do the shopping? Do you have a shopping list? What do you write there? How much food do you usually buy? Where do you do your shopping? Why do you do your shopping there? Who helps you to do the shopping? How much money do you usually pay?
b) A: Do you do the shopping?
B: Yes, I do.
A: When do you usually do your shopping?
В: I do the shopping on Saturday.
A: Do you have a shopping list?
B: Yes, I do.
A: What do you write there?
B: All the food I need to buy.
A: How much food do you usually buy?
В: I buy a lot of food. My family is large.
A: How much money do you usually pay?
B: About 400 hryvnias.
A: Where do you usually do the shopping?
B: At our local supermarket.
A: Why do you do your shopping there?
B: There is everything we need there.
A: Who helps you to do the shopping?
B: My parents.
51 (3) 1. Sue has gone shopping today. Now she is making a salad for dinner. 2. Your bag is so heavy. What have you bought? 3. We are in the clothes shop. We are looking for a new shirt. 4. Can you buy some food for the barbecue?
51 (4) Ann: Hello. Kim! How are you?
Kim: I am fine, thanks. And you?
Ann: I'm fine. I went shopping yesterday morning with Jane and my mum.
Kiln: Where did you go?
Ann: Well, first I went to the clothes department and I bought a new blouse.
Kim: Was it expensive?
Ann: No. it wasn't very expensive. We paid fifty hryvnias for it. Then we went a music shop. Jane wanted to look at the CDs. She likes listening to music.
Kim: Did she buy any CDs?
Ann: Yes, she did. Those two CDs cost 18 hryvnias. After that we went to the market. They sell nice clothes there.
52 (5) 1) went; 2) wanted; 3) bought; 4) looked; 5) saw; 6) visited; 7) was trying on; 8) went; 9) didn’t even notice; 10) got lost; 11) asked; 12) had.
56 (1) 1) sweets; 2) chocolate; 3) cakes; 4) jam; 5) ice cream; 6) butter; 7) hamburgers; 8) eggs; 9) nuts; 10) cheese; 11) a bag of flour; 12) bread; 13) spaghetti; 14) cereal; 15) fruit; 16) vegetables; 17) milk; 18) yoghurt.
56 (2) Fruit: strawberries, bananas, oranges, pineapples, apples, lemons. Vegetables: potatoes, cucumbers, onions, carrots, cabbages, tomatoes. Meat/Fish: chicken, beef, pork, sausages. Dairy products: yoghurt, milk, butter, ice cream, cheese, cottage cheese. Sweets/Bakery products: sweets, bread, chocolate, cakes, jam, ice cream, biscuits. Other: hamburgers, cereal, eggs, nuts, spaghetti, a bag of flour, rice, noodles.
56 (3) 1. I have an omelette, a cup of tea and toasts with jam for breakfast. 2. Dinner is usually bigger than lunch for me. 3. My favourite Ukrainian dish is kutia, a traditional Christmas dish. 4. My favourite dessert is a chocolate cake. 5. No, I don’t. I do not like cereal at all.
Breakfast is the first meal of the day. Lunch is a light meal eaten in the middle of the day. Dinner is the main meal of the day. Dish is food prepared in a particular way. Dessert is sweet food eaten at the end of a meal. Cereal is a food made from grain and eaten with milk, especially in the morning.
57 (4) A: What food do you like to eat?
В: I like sweets. I usually have a bar of chocolate or some biscuits in my lunch box. But my mum says it is bad for my teeth. I also like to eat dairy products, such as cottage cheese and yoghurts. And what food do you like to eat?
A: I like vegetables. I usually have a salad for breakfast, a vegetable soup for dinner and a vegetarian pizza at weekends. I also like to eat spaghetti or rice with Kiev chicken. But my mother doesn’t prepare it often.
57 (6b) I think I need to make my daily diet more balanced and cat more fruit and dairy products.
58 (7) 1 F. People can’t live without food. 2 F. Vegetables, eggs and cornflakes make your bones and teeth strong. 3 F. Meat, fish and milk help you to grow. 4 T. 5 F. There are thirteen types of vitamins (А, В, C and 80 on).
58 (8) 1. Red pepper — spicy. 2. Chocolate — sweet. 3. Salt — salty. 4. Herbs — bitter. 5. Lemon — sour.
59 (9) 1. Sour, lemon. 2. Red pepper, spicy. 3. Dish, sweet. 4. Coffee, bitter. 5. Soup salty, tasty.
59 (10) I think food must be not only tasty but healthy. Healthy food is usually quite simple. My diet consists of nearly the same dishes every day. I eat cottage cheese, bread, and meat to be strong and energetic. I also eat fish and other sea products to make me grow. But more than a half of my diet are fruit and vegetables. They are full of vitamins and are very tasty. I like different kinds of potato dishes and salads, dressed with olive oil or sour cream. I usually drink tea, juice or mineral water. As for sweets, I prefer honey and home-made jam. I try to eat the right food, but I buy a hamburger or crisps from time to time.
60 (1) A: Do you cook breakfast by yourself?
B: No, I don’t. My mother cooks it for me. What about you?
A: Neither do I. My sister cooks it. But I make sandwiches sometimes.
A:When do you eat your breakfast?
В: I eat my breakfast at 8.00. What about you?
A: I eat it at 8.30. I do not hurry, because I live near a school.
A: What do you drink in the morning: tea or coffee?
В: I drink tea. I don’t like coffee. What about you?
A: So do I. But sometimes I drink apple juice.
A: Do you like to eat fast food in the morning?
B: No, I don’t. I eat cereal with milk. What about you?
A: I eat cheeseburgers or French fries, but not often.
A: Do you eat rice or potatoes in the morning?
B: No, I don’t. But I have French fries for lunch sometimes. What about you?
A: I eat rice or potatoes every other day. It gives me lots of energy.
60 (2) My father usually has bread and butter, and tea with lemon for breakfast. My mother prefers porridge with milk and a cup of coffee with cookies. My younger sister likes substantial breakfast, so she has eggs or sausages, cheese, sandwiches and a cup of herbal tea. I usually have pancakes with jam and a cup of cocoa or a glass of cherry juice.
61 (3) Kate has a boiled egg, some toast and a glass of milk or orange juice for breakfast. Kim has cereal for breakfast with lots of milk. Dan has either some fruit or yoghurt. He usually has a banana or an orange.
61 (4) Dan; Kim; Kate.
62 (5) 1) Awful, awfully; 2) Bitterly, bitter; 3) Beautiful, beautifully; 4) Deliciously; delicious; 5) Wonderful, wonderfully.
62 (6) My favourite dish is salad. It is not only healthy but delicious. They are full of vitamins. Salads help you to live longer and better.
You can choose between fruit salads and vegetable salads, meat and even fish salads. And the best thing for me is its vivid colours. Think of any colour: green or yellow, red or purple, white or black, and you will have a variety of ingredients to choose.
My mother can make salads out of anything. She just needs two or three ingredients and some olive oil or mayonnaise to make salad’s dressing.
Salads introduce the world of tastes to you. Eat salads every day.
62 (8) My typical meal usually consists of fruit, vegetables, meat, and dairy products. I eat fruit and vegetables four or five times a day. I always have a banana or an apple as a snack. I have a bowl of vegetable soup and cereal with salad for dinner. I eat a lot of potatoes, carrots, cabbages, cucumbers, onions and tomatoes. I do not drink milk very often, but I drink water several times a day.
I can’t cook. I can only prepare some sandwiches, when I am hungry.
I usually buy food in the nearest shop. It is always fresh there. Sometimes my mother takes me to the market and we buy fruit and vegetables there.
63 (1b) I usually have pancakes with jam and a cup of cocoa for breakfast. I have chicken broth or borshch, boiled potatoes, cutlets and a vegetable salad for dinner.
63 (2) I like sandwiches and fried potatoes most of all. I quite like pancakes, roast meat, pampushky and cutlets. I don’t like borshch. I prefer vegetables to sausages.
64 (3) Ann eats three times a day. She likes borshch most of all, but she also likes chicken broth, noodle soup, pea soup and mushroom soup. Tom starts his dinner with a salad. Then he has a bowl of soup or chicken broth, a meat or fish dish, fried, boiled, or mashed potatoes and vegetables cooked in different ways. He has some ice cream or apple pie for dessert.
64 (4) 1) more substantial meal; 2) meal of the day; 3) dinner; 4) fried, boiled or mashed potatoes and vegetables cooked in different ways; 5) ice cream or apple pie.
65 (6) 2. A: It’s important to eat hot soup for dinner.
В: I do not think so. I don’t eat soups.
C: What do you usually have for dinner?
В: I have a meat or fish dish with plenty of vegetables.
3. A: You can eat as many sweets as you want.
В: I don’t think so. Sweets are bad for your teeth.
C: Don’t you like sweets?
В: I like sweets, but I try to eat sweet fruit, not candies. I hope they are healthier.
65 (7) Dear Alex,
Thank you for your letter. It was interesting for me to learn about your traditional dishes. I’m going to tell you what my family members usually have for dinner.
We usually have some soup or borshch, mashed potatoes or cereals with meatballs and a glass of juice for dinner. My mum is a vegetarian, so she tries to eat more vegetables instead of meat. She usually eats carrots, cabbage, tomatoes and cucumbers. My father loves meat. So mum adds a piece of chicken to his dinner. Then we have fruit and biscuits.
Tell me about your family members. What do they have for dinner? Do they have any unusual eating habits?
66 (1) Flour, sugar, cocoa powder, baking soda, salt, water, vegetable oil, vinegar, vanilla.
66 (2) The man and the boy are preparing food. They are in the field. The text may be about the process of cooking.
66 (3) At first, he put raisins into a pot with a little water and placed them over the fire. Then he put flour in a pan. After that he made a hole in the middle of the flour. In that hole Grandpa put some shortening. Then he added water. He mixed the flour, water and shortening. Soon Grandpa started to cook the biscuits.
68 (4) 1. The man cooked the lunch. 2. They came up to a small shed. 3. Grandpa put raisins into a pot, then he put flour in a pan. After that he added some shortening and water. He mixed the flour, water and shortening. Soon Grandpa started to cook the biscuits. 4. They collected wood sticks and dry grass. 5. He cooked the biscuits in the pan. 6. They had to cook biscuits outside.
68 (5) 1 (no answer in the text); 2 В; 3 B; 4 A.
68 (6) Once I had a picnic near the river with my parents. It was very exciting. We took some tasty and healthy food with us. My mother cooked an apple pie for the picnic. We had ham and cheese sandwiches, cheese and tomato sandwiches and homemade tomato and cucumber salad. We also took orange juice and cold lemon tea, some biscuits, some strawberries and cherries. The picnic was healthy and delicious. We built up a fire near the river and put there some potatoes. It was the best food in my life. Baked potatoes are very tasty.
68 (7) 1. Are you hungry, dear? 2. Can I make a sandwich for you? 3. Would you prefer a ham or tuna sandwich? 4. Can you wait for a minute?
69 (8) 1. When did you go shopping? Which shops have you been to? What food have you bought? Why do you need so much food? 2. Why are you going to cook a traditional Ukrainian dish at the weekend? What dish are you going to cook? What ingredients do you need?
69 (1) 1) spicy; 2) tasty; 3) raw; 4) vegetarian; 5) frozen; 6) fried; 7) fresh; 8) sweet.
69 (2) Fried — fried potatoes; fried eggs. Frozen — frozen meat, frozen fish. Raw — raw vegetables, raw fish. Spicy — spicy soup, spicy meat. Sweet — sweet sugar, sweet cakes. Tasty — a tasty pie, a tasty sandwich. Vegetarian — a vegetarian pizza, a vegetarian salad.
70 (3) 1) breakfast; 2) dinner; 3) the biggest meal; 4) three courses; 5) fish fillets with a side dish; 6) compote; 7) a snack; 8) supper.
70 (4) 1 T; 2 T; 3 T; 4 F Dinner is usually the biggest meal of the day. 5 T; 6 F The Ukrainians have their supper at seven.
71 (5) 1. Do you like tea? 2. What do Ukrainians drink tea with? 3. What do people in England drink tea with? 4. Does tea come from plants leaves? 5. What does the tea plant or bush need? 6. Where does tea grow well?
71 (6) A: What do people eat in Ukraine?
B: People in Ukraine usually eat traditional Ukrainian dishes, fast food and some traditional dishes of other countries.
A: Tell me about your most popular traditional dishes. Can you name some of them?
B: Yes, I can. They are: deruny, varenyky, borshch, pampushky, kutia and others.
A: What is borshch?
B: It is a vegetable soup made with red beets and usually served with sour cream. I like it very much. We usually serve it with garlic and pampushky.
A: What is kutia?
B: It is a sweet dish made of wheat, poppy seeds, nuts, honey and raisins. We cook it on Christmas Eve.
71 (7) People in Ukraine usually prefer their national dishes to fast food. The Ukrainians usually cook at home. One of the most popular dishes is borshch. There are a lot of variants to cook it. It is very tasty and is full of vitamins. Borshch is often served with salted salo (fat) and garlic. It is easy to make and delicious to eat. Another traditional dish is varenyky with cabbage or potatoes. It is usually served with sour cream. There are a lot of other popular dishes in Ukraine, like pancakes, kytia, holubtsi. Among traditional drinks we can name kvas, uzvar and herbal tea.
71 (8) Dear Ann,
I’m glad that you are going to the picnic. We decided to have a vegetarian picnic. The boys are going to bring some fruit and sandwiches. The girls are going to make a strawberry cake and an apple pie for the picnic. I am going to bring cherry juice. You do not need to take anything with you. But if you want, you can take something to drink or tomatoes and cucumbers. We’ll make a vegetable salad.
Hope to see you soon.
Best wishes, Ira
72 (1) She didn’t buy any cheese, because she had some cheese at home. She bought some mushrooms, to make a mushroom soup. She didn’t buy any carrots, because there were no carrots in the supermarket. She bought some rice, because she wanted to cook rice with vegetables. She didn’t buy any cornflakes because she doesn’t like them. She bought some oil, because she didn’t have any oil at home.
72 (2) 1) didn’t mind; 2) were; 3) had; 4) worked; 5) got; 6) stopped; 7) built; 8) made; 9) teased; 10) decided; 11) were; 12) was.
73 (3a) The person recommends people to choose between ice cream and pudding.
73 (3b) You will love a fruit salad and a cheesecake. In some ways they are similar but in other ways they are different. They are the same, because both are sweet and delicious. Also, both are decorated with whipped cream and orange jelly.
These two desserts are different in some ways. The fruit salad is made of fresh fruit and is just cold, while the cheesecake is made of flour, eggs, cheese, and sugar and it is still warm, because my mum has just baked it. Also, we can have the fruit salad with some juice, while we usually have cheesecake with tea, coffee or cocoa. And the fruit salad has less calories than the cheesecake. You’ll love whichever one you choose!
73 (4) 1) a; 2) a; 3) a; 4) — ; 5) —; 6) an; 7) an; 8) a; 9) —; 10) —; 11) —; 12) —; 13) —; 14) —.
74 (5) A: This exercise looks difficult.
B: Oh, no! It is easy.
A: This doll is beautiful!
B: Oh, no, it is ugly!
A: The dragon looks scary!
B: Oh, no! It looks so friendly.
A: This brush looks very soft.
B: Oh, no! It looks so rough.
74 (6) Dear Cindy,
Thanks for your invitation to your birthday party. You organized the great dinner party last night. I enjoyed the meals, the company, and your home. It is so cosy and you are a talented cook. The food was delicious. The birthday cake was so tasty that I ate two pieces of it. Shame on me! The atmosphere at the party was relaxing. The music was superb! The games were very exciting and funny.
I am looking forward to having dinner with you at my house in the nearest future.
78 (1) I’m fond of ski-jumping. And you? I’m fond of cycling. And you? I’m fond of sailing. And you? I’m fond of boxing. And you? I’m fond of judo.
78 (2) The boys enjoy karate. The man enjoys ski-jumping. The man enjoys cycling.
79 (3) It is important to go in for sport because sport helps people to be healthy. People can do outdoor sports, breathe the fresh air, and enjoy nature.
79 (4) 1) sports and games; 2) skating and skiing; 3) swimming, cycling and sailing; 4) football, tennis and basketball; 5) athletics and gymnastics; 6) boxing, football, tennis and basketball.
79 (5) a) Do you play any sport? — Yes, I do. I play basketball. What about you? — I play football and tennis. Do you like quiet or noisy games? — I like quiet games. And you? — I like noisy games. I like to play football with my friends. How often do you play games? — I seldom play games. I have a lot of homework. What about you? — I always play games. I go out every day and play football with my friends. Do you watch sports on TV? — Yes, I do. What about you? — I don’t like to watch sports on TV. I prefer to go out and play football with my friends. What sports do you like to watch? — I like to watch figure skating on TV. And you? — I prefer watching football or tennis on TV. I always watch football matches where the Ukrainian national team plays.
b) I have found out that my friend plays football and tennis. He plays football with his friends every day. He doesn’t like to watch sports on TV. But he always watches football matches if Ukrainian national team plays.
80 (6) a) 1) quickly; 2) hard; 3) well; 4) loudly; 5) slowly; 6) carefully.
b) To win the race you have to run quickly. I work hard to learn English. My friend plays football well. You can’t speak loudly here. My brother is 5 years old, so he reads slowly. Read the instruction carefully.
80 (1) Children can attend a basketball club, a football club, a gymnastics club and a tennis club at school.
81 (2) 1 F; 2 T; 3 F; 4 T; 5 F; 6 T.
81 (3) a) Margaret reminds Graham about the school meeting on Wednesday.
b) 1. They are going to discuss the plan for the school Sports Day. 2. The meeting starts at 6 pm. 3. Graham must be present at the meeting.
82 (4) Dear Ivan,
Our school is organizing a sports competition on Friday. Would you like to take part?
I’m going to participate in the swimming competition. You can swim, can’t you? Let’s swim together!
Please write me if you come to the competition.
82 (5) — Hi, Alex. I’m fine, thanks. And you?
— I go to the swimming pool every Saturday and I play basketball four times a week. I like sport.
— No, I don’t. I train at our school.
— Yes, I am. Our school basketball team is really good.
— No, I don’t. I prefer doing sport.
83 (6) 1) could— c, 2) could— e, 3) were you able to— a, 4) will you be able — b, 5) can — d.
83 (7) 1) are playing, 2) play, 3) are playing, 4) likes, 5) wear, 6) are wearing, 7) are watching, 8) win, 9) train, 10) won, 11) are winning.
84 (1) 1. Swimming, surfing, horse riding, cycling and sailing are summer sports. Skating, skiing, hockey and skiing-jumping are winter sports. 2. I enjoy cycling and skiing. 3. Children like to play football, basketball, tennis in summer and hockey in winter. 4. My favourite sport is football. 5. I like to play games. 6. Sport is so popular with children and grown-ups because it helps to be healthy and keep fit.
84 (2) 2. Maryna goes in for swimming. She attends a swimming pool. She swims twice a week. 3. Oleksandr docs karate. He attends the Sports Club. He trains in the gym twice a week. 4. Yana plays badminton. She attends the school gym. She trains in the gym once a week.
85 (5) If you want to play tennis well, you should do exercise to relax arms. If you want to have good sports results, you should eat healthy food to give you energy. If you want to run fast, you should wear comfortable shoes not to injure your feet.
85 (6) 1. I like sport. I enjoy playing football most of all. I think football is very interesting. I like to play with my friends. I like to run and play with a ball too. So, football is the best game for me. I can play it in spring, summer and autumn. In winter I don’t play football. I’d like to learn to play ice hockey. I can’t play it yet.
2. — Hi, where were you yesterday?
— I took part in a school basketball competition.
— Really? Did you win it?
— Yes. Our team won the game.
— Congratulations. How long did you train to become the winners?
— We trained for three months.
— Where were your trainings held?
— At school gym.
— Who was your coach?
— Our teacher of Physical Education trained us.
86 (7) I think cycling is a wonderful sport. It is a good activity for boys and for girls. It helps to develop our physical fitness. We can cycle in spring, summer and autumn. We can cycle in the yard, in the park or at the stadium. To cycle, you need a bike and a helmet to protect your head.
Cycling is popular with people of different ages. I started cycling when I was three years old. My parents bought me a bike and taught to ride it. I like cycling with my friends. It’s fun.
87 (1) 1) ride a horse, 2) climb a mountain, 3) run a race, 4) swim 100 metres, 5) watch a cricket match, 6) play badminton, 7) score a goal, 8) win a cup, 9) meet a sports star, 10) go skiing, 11) lose a game, 12) play basketball.
87 (2) Have you ever climbed a mountain? (Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t). Have you ever run a race? Have you ever swum 100 metres? Have you ever watched a cricket match? Have you ever played badminton? Have you ever won a cup? Have you ever met a sports star? Have you ever gone skiing? Have you ever lost a game? Have you ever played basketball?
88 (4) Have you ever gone skiing — Yes, I have. I have been to the Carpathians. Have you ever won a cup? — No, I have never won a competition.
88 (5) B. The boys are on the football field. They arc playing football at the moment. They are trying to score a goal. C. The boys are at the stadium. They are running now. They are running fast to win the race. D. The man is at the skating rink. He is skating. He is trying hard to be successful. On the football field we can also play American football. At the stadium we can run and jump.
88 (6) 1) Did...have; 2) is; 3) Have...been; 4) did...compete; 5) has won; 6) are training.
89 (1) 1. A — It’s hard to become a famous sportsman. You have to train hard every day. You have to eat healthy food. В — In my opinion, it is important to have a strong desire to be the first. 2. A — It’s better to watch sport than to do/play it. You needn’t work hard or go anywhere to watch sport. You can watch your favourite sport on TV. В — In my opinion, when you watch sport you can’t fall down and hurt yourself. 3. A — Sports helps people to make friends. When you play with somebody in one team, you help and support each other. В — I think that when you go to the gym, you will meet new people and make new friends.
89 (2) Melanie has become a basketball team member, because she trained a lot for the tryout. She can run fast, jump high and throw a basketball.
90 (3) 1. Jeremy didn’t have a younger brother. 2. Yes, Melanie wanted to join the basketball team. 3. Melanie didn’t ask Jeremy to clean her room. 4. Jeremy’s sister was the best player at the tryout. 5. Yes, Jeremy and his team welcomed his sister into his team.
90 (4) 1. Will you be able to skate with Ben after lunch? 2. Can Ann jump well? 3. Why couldn’t they win that game? 4. How long did you have to wait for your turn?
91 (5) 1) Can, 2) couldn’t, can, 3) could, 4) have to, 5) have to, 6) had to, 7) has to.
91 (6) My friend and 1 decided to join our school football team. My father bought me a new football and we started training. Every day we went to the school stadium after the lessons. We trained to play football. My cousin, who was the player of the school team, trained us. In a month we went to the tryout. We were nervous.
The trainer divided children into two teams. We started to play football. My cousin encouraged us and we played well. After the game the trainer chose four new boys to be the players in his school team. We were among the winners. Now we have trainings three times a week. We are real footballers.
91 (1) What is your favourite sport? — My favourite sport is football. What sport are you good at? — I’m good at running. What sport would you like to be good at? — I would like to be good at swimming. Where do you usually play sport? — I usually play sport at the stadium. Do you like to watch sports on TV or at the stadium? — I like to watch sport at the stadium.
91 (2) 1. They enjoy running there. 2. The children will enjoy playing football and running there. 3. Girls enjoy skating there. 4. He is going to enjoy watching a football match there.
92 (3) Shannon plays tennis three times a week (B). Shannon goes skiing once a month in winter (D). Shannon does gymnastics twice a week (C). Shannon goes swimming every weekend in summer (E).
92 (4) — Hi, do you like playing volleyball?— No, I don’t. I prefer playing football. And what’s your favourite kind of sport? — I like cycling. — Really? I’d like to go cycling too. How often do you train? — I train three times a week. — Do you train at the Sports Club? — No, I don’t. — Where do you train? — I train at the school stadium. Our PE teacher is our trainer.
93 (6) Water sports: boating, swimming. Adventure sports: skateboarding, skiing. Ball games: tennis, basketball, golf, table tennis, football, volleyball. Other individual sports: hockey, horse riding, athletics, cycling, karate, skating, running, boxing, wrestling.
96 (1) a) People can get from one place to another by train. People can get from one place to another by bus. People can get from one place to another by car. People can get from one place to another by ship. People can get from one place to another on foot.
96 (2) A: I think travelling by bus is cheaper than by car.
В: I agree with you. Travelling by car is more expensive than travelling by bus.
А: I think travelling by bus is quicker than on foot.
В: I agree with you. Travelling on foot is the slowest way of travelling.
96 (3) 1 B; 2 D; 3 F; 4 E; 5 A; 6 C.
97 (4) 1. People travel to visit their relatives and friends and to see different cities. 2. The most popular means of travelling are travelling by car and by bus. 3. People pack their luggage into their suitcases, bags or rucksacks. 4. While travelling people learn about people’s traditions.
97 (5) It’s a very comfortable way of travelling. You can take any luggage with you. You can stop and go anywhere you like, (by car) It’s not an easy way of travelling. You can’t take a lot of things because you have to carry all of them, (on foot)
97 (6) I like to travel. Best of all I like travelling by car. We can go anywhere we like and take all the things we need. Travelling by car we can stop at any place. Last summer I travelled with my parents to the Carpathians. I enjoyed it very much. We stopped in big cities on our way to the mountains. I saw a lot of interesting places.
98 (1) Miss Alison goes to the theatre by underground. It takes her half an hour to get there. Mr Parker goes to the hospital by car. It takes him 40 minutes to get there. Jim goes by bike.
98 (2) A: Can 1 ask you a few questions, please?
A: How do you get to the supermarket?
B: On foot.
A: And your best friend?
B: She goes to the supermarket on foot too.
A: And one last question — how long does it take you to get there?
B: It takes me nearly ten minutes to get there.
98 (3) A: When I travel to London, I can learn about a different country.
B: That’s right, you can also use the language.
A: I can also make some friends there.
B: That’s right, you can also buy souvenirs for your friends in Ukraine.
A: I can learn about a different culture.
B: And you can eat different food. There are a lot of restaurants and cafes in London. You can try Indian, Chinese, French, Italian, Asian dishes there. London is a multicultural city.
99 (5) 1. I agree. She thinks about some negative things that can happen during the trip. 2. I agree. She and her parents read about the country they’re going to visit. 3. I agree. She says she can find new friends. 4. I agree.
99 (6) Nowadays a lot of students go on school trips. They visit the towns and cities around Ukraine and some are lucky to go to another country. Going to another country gives an opportunity to use English, because children of other countries learn English too. Students can visit different places and see the things that they learn at school. Students can find new friends and then write letters to them. To go to another country is a great experience.
99 (7) On the 10th May our school organizes a trip to Lviv. We are going to travel by train there. We’ll travel around the city by tram or on foot. We’ll visit a lot of interesting places. We’ll see the old streets of the city, we’ll visit a chocolate factory and in the evening we’ll go to the opera house to see a ballet. We’ll return home by train late at night. If you need more information, visit our school site.
100 (1) Travelling by bus is less exciting than travelling by ship. Travelling by car is much easier than going on foot. Travelling by bus is less difficult than travelling on foot. Travelling by car is much more comfortable than travelling by bus. Travelling by plane is less dangerous than travelling by car.
101 (2) Dan went to another country.
101 (3) 1. Ann had the shortest journey. 2. Ann regularly visits her relatives. 3. Dan had a chance to relax while travelling. 4. Ann usually takes some books for a ride. 5. Dan visited a faraway country. 6. Dan liked diving with an aqualung.
101 (4) Did you travel with your dad? What did you put in your suitcase? What did you do during the trip? What did you do at the seaside? What was the weather like in Brighton? Did you like Brighton?
101 (5) Last summer I travelled to Odessa. I went there with my dad and mum.
We travelled by car. My dad drove. It took us 10 hours to get there. We stopped three times to have a meal and rest. I saw a lot of beautiful landscapes, villages and towns through the car window. We stayed in Odessa for two weeks. I swam in the sea, sunbathed and had fun. I met new friends. I liked the trip very much, because it was very interesting.
102 (1) Gloves, boots, jeans and a sweater are perfect in cold weather. Shorts, sandals, a dress, a T-shirt and a skirt are good to wear when it is hot and sunny.
A swimsuit and a hat arc perfect for the beach. We can wear gloves, boots, jeans and a sweater in winter. We can wear shorts, sandals, a dress, a blouse, a T-shirt, a skirt in summer.
102 (2) In the photo I can see two people. I think they are a mother and a daughter.
They are in the girl’s bedroom. They are packing the luggage.
103 (3) They have mentioned items of clothes, means of transport, the tickets and some activities to do.
103 (4) 1. Mum and Ann are going to Cracow. 2. Yes, she does. 3. They haven’t packed their luggage yet. 4. They haven’t written the luggage labels yet. 5. Mum will put their plane tickets and passports in her hand luggage.
104 (5) 1. You should learn about the place before the trip. 2. You should make a list of things you will need in your trip. 3. You should wait for your parents and not go anywhere. They will find you.
104 (6) 1) should; 2) should; 3) shouldn’t; 4) should; 5) shouldn’t; 6) should.
104 (7) Dear friend,
I’m very glad that you’re coming soon. It’s spring in Ukraine now, but it’s not very warm. You should take your jacket and jeans with you. We are going to do a lot of sightseeing, so you should take your walking shoes. We’re going to visit the aquapark, so you should take your swimsuit. Hope, you’ll enjoy your trip.
See you soon.
105 (1) An official document with a photograph and some personal information which a child must have while travelling — a travel document.
In the UK, a ticket for travel to a place and then back — a return ticket.
A document that gives you the right to travel on a public bus — a bus pass.
An official document with a photograph and some personal information for a citizen of any country travelling abroad — a passport.
A thing you need to travel by underground — a token.
A small piece of paper or a card given to a passenger to show that they have paid for one journey — a single ticket.
105 (2) 1) a token; 2) bus pass; 3) ticket; 4) document; 5) return ticket; 6) a return ticket.
106 (3) 1 A; 2 C; 3 D; 4 B.
107 (4) Group A 1. This webpage is for buses. 2. We can get the information about the bus service between London and Oxford. 3. The journey time is 100 minutes. 4. We need to know a bus stop location and fare.
Group В 1. This webpage is for trains. 2. We can get the information about a regular train service from London to Oxford. 3. The journey time is 60 minutes for direct services. 4. We need to know where a railway station location and fare.
108 (6) When we travel by bus, we need to have a ticket. When we travel by underground, we should buy a token. When we travel with our parents by plane, we need to have a ticket and a travel document. When we travel by taxi, we need to have money. When we travel by train, we should buy a ticket.
108 (6) 1) have dreamt; 2) flew; 3) was; 4) appeared; 5) couldn’t fly; 6) make; 7) can fly; 8) carry; 9) doesn’t take; 10) lasts; 11) arrive; 12) doesn’t want.
109 (1) 1. Yes, I have. 2. I went to Kyiv. 3. I went with my mum. 4. Yes, I did.
110 (3) I. The trains stop at the railway stations. 2. The passengers usually hurry up to get there in time before the train starts. 3. A person who is late for the train can miss the train. 4. All the passengers must take their scats in time. 5. Yes, I have. 6. I liked to sleep in the train.
110 (4) For: Travelling by train is cheap. Modem trains have comfortable seats. There are sleeping cars and dining cars which make the trip easier. You may buy something when the train stops at the station.
Against: The trains may be old and not comfortable. The trains wait only for some minutes on a small station and people must hurry up to get on it.
111 (5) 1) slower; 2) travel; 3) summer; 4) could; 5) fields; 6) compartment; 7) read.
111 (6) Sometimes I go for a trip with my parents. Usually we travel in summer. We visit our relatives who live in another town. I like to travel in a fast train. It doesn’t stop at the small stations and we arrive earlier to our relatives. It takes a night to get there, so we travel in a sleeping car. When we get into the train, we have some meal and go to bed. Usually I sleep on the lower rack. I like to wake up early in the morning and to look through the window. Sometimes I read a book. Before we get out of the train, we have breakfast in the dining car. I think travelling by train is very exciting.
112 (1) The noticcboards arc different in the UK and in Ukraine. We can read when buses depart from every bus stop in Ukraine. The underground map is similar in the UK and in Ukraine. I have never seen a ticket machine in Ukraine.
113 (2) Group A. 1. Buses are called double-deckers. 2. To know where the bus goes you should look at the sign on the front, on the side or on the back of the bus, or you should read the noticeboard at the bus stop. 3. You can buy a ticket from the driver. 4. There are no double-deckers in Ukraine, so it surprised me most.
Group В. 1. You can get to most places in London by it. 2. You should buy an underground map to know where it goes. 3. You can buy tickets at the ticket office or from a ticket machine. 4. The name of the underground ’Tube’ surprised me most.
114 (3) 1. You should travel around London by bus. 2. Double-deckers are unusual. 3. The underground is a railway under the ground. We can buy tickets at the ticket office or from a ticket machine.
114 (4) 1 B; 2 А; 3 А; 4 C.
114 (5) 1. This is the first time I have been here. And I want to see the city. I think it’s good to travel by bus. London buses are called double-deckers. We can see the city from the second floor of the bus very well. Buses go almost everywhere in London. We can get on any bus we like and buy a ticket from the bus driver. I’ll also travel by underground, so I’ll buy an underground map.
2. Last summer I was at the language school in London. I didn’t live near the school, so I had to ride to it. Every morning I went to the underground. I got very quickly to school. In the afternoon I travelled home by bus. I wanted to see more of London. It took me half an hour to get home.
114 (6) 1) to; 2) to; 3) too; 4) two; 5) to, to; 6) too, to; 7) to.
115 (1) B. This is the first time he has travelled by train. C. This is the first time she has packed her clothes herself. D. This is the first time she has travelled alone. E. This is the first time they have bought a ticket online. F. This is the first time he has his travel document.
115 (2) A: Last week I was on a tour.
B: Really? Where did you go?
A: I went to Lviv.
B: How did you get there?
A: I went there by train.
B: How did you like the city?
A: It was amusing.
B: How did you spend the time there?
A: I visited a lot of interesting places.
B: What was the weather like?
A: It was wonderful.
116 (3) Last week my friend went on a tour to Lviv. He travelled there by train. He liked the city very much. He visited a lot of interesting places there. The weather was wonderful. The tour was exciting.
116 (4) 1. From a guidebook we can get information about different places we can visit. From a map we can learn how to get to any place. Over the Internet we can get any information we need. 2. It is good to know a foreign language because you can speak with foreigners. It is good to know the cultural differences because you will know how to behave in a foreign country. It is good to know what the weather is going to be like because you will be able to take the appropriate clothes. 3. I think it is better to travel with a family. You will always have the support of your parents when you need it. I think it is better to travel around our native country. It is easier as you understand everything and have the money of the country. I think it is better to travel with a group of classmates. You know them and they will always help you. You can trust them.
116 (5) 1) are not going; 2) are; 3) are not going; 4) takes; 5) are; 6) has already bought; 7) will travel; 8) have already written; 9) won’t take; 10) will take; 11) hasn’t packed; 12) always do.
120 (1b) 2. There is a big theatre in the photo 2. I think it’s the Globe Theatre. 3. There is an observation wheel in the photo 3. It is very big. I think it’s the London Eye. 4. There is a column in a square in the photo 4. I think it is Nelson’s Column. 5. There is a cathedral in the photo 5. I think it’s St Paul’s Cathedral in London. 6. There is a palace in the photo 6. I think it is Buckingham Palace. 7. There is a museum in the photo 7. I think it’s Madame Tussauds Museum. 8. There is a square and a column standing in it. I think it’s Nelson’s Column in Trafalgar square. 9. There is a tower with a clock in the photo 9. It is very big. I think it is Big Ben. You can see these places of interest in London.
121 (2) Buckingham Palace, St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge.
121 (3) 1. The children are in London. 2. Jane was born in London and Tom is visiting London with his family. 3. They have already visited the Regent’s Park and the London Zoo there.
121 (5) 1) famous; 2) historical; 3) interesting / beautiful; 4) exciting/amazing; 5) wonderful trips / nice impressions; 6) lovely / wonderful.
122 (6) B: Hello Ann! How are you? How’s London?
A: Hello Mary! London is amazing. I have been here for a week and I have already visited some places of interest.
B: What places have you visited? What was the most interesting?
A: Well, you know I’m interested in history so I’ve visited some famous museums in the city. I’ve been to the Tower of London and I have walked along Tower Bridge.
B: Have you seen Nelson’s Column in Trafalgar Square?
A: Yes, I have.
B: What are your plans for tomorrow? What are you going to visit?
A: I’m going to Madame Tussauds Museum tomorrow. I’d like to take photos with the British kings and queens there.
122 (7) 1. The London Eye is the world’s tallest observation wheel. You can see the beauty of the city up to 40 kilometres in all directions. The wheel has 32 capsules and can carry 800 people. 2. Trafalgar Square is a lovely place in the central London. Each year many tourists come here to enjoy exciting celebrations and events. The most famous monument — the Nelson’s Column stands in the centre of the square. 3. St Paul’s Cathedral is one of the most famous sights in London. You can see many monuments to generals and admirals inside it. 4. Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen and her family. It’s a beautiful building looking like a small town with a police station, two post-offices, a hospital, two sport clubs, a cinema and a swimming- pool. 5. The Globe Theatre is a well-known theatre in London. It’s usually associated with W. Shakespeare. 6. Many tourists visit Madame Tussauds Museum because there are a lot of wax figures of many famous people. You can take photos with the British kings and queens there. 7. The Tower of London was a fortress, a prison and palace. It is a museum now.
123 (2) 1. A leader: This is the most famous monument in London. It stands in Trafalgar square.
Student: It’s Nelson’s Column
2. A leader: This is the biggest observation wheel in the world.
Student: The London Eye.
3. A leader: This is the most famous theatre in London.
Student: It’s the Globe Theatre.
4. A leader: This is the longest river in England.
Student: It’s the River Thames.
5. A leader: This is a famous square in London where Nelson’s Column stands.
Student: It’s Trafalgar Square.
6. A leader: This is a museum dedicated to human history and culture.
Student: It’s the British Museum.
7. A leader: This is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in London.
Student: It’s the National Gallery.
8. A leader: It’s a place where the British Parliament works.
Student: It’s the Houses of Parliament.
9. A leader: This is a large church in the city of Westminster.
Student: It’s Westminster Abbey.
124 (3) A: I think London is an exciting city to visit. Everybody can find here something special. As far as I’m interested in art I’d like to visit the National Gallery and Madam Tussauds Museum in London. I also believe that the Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey are two very important historical sights of London.
В: I would like to see London’s numerous bridges while having a tour on the River Thames. What is more, I think that a ride on the London Eye will show all the beauty of the city. I believe it’s unforgettable.
124 (4) 1 C; 2 В; 3 A.
125 (5) A: I think that Buckingham Palace is one of the most interesting sights of London. It’s the official residence of the British Queen and the royal family. It’s a beautiful building looking like a small town with a police station, two post-offices, a hospital, two sport clubs, a cinema and a swimming-pool.
B: Westminster Abbey is a royal church. It is situated not far from the Houses of Parliament. It is more than 900 years old. There are tombs of nearly all the British kings and queens.
C: There are a lot of historical sites in London. Numerous churches are very beautiful. St Paul’s Cathedral is one of them. Tourists can learn a lot about the history of the city, the British kings and queens and other interesting facts there.
125 (6) 1. A: Where is Westminster Abbey?
B: It is on the left of the Houses of Parliament.
2. A: Where is Big Ben?
B: It is on the right of the Tower of London.
3. A: Where is a big Royal garden?
B: It is in front of Buckingham Palace.
4. A: Where is the National Gallery?
B: It is behind the National Portrait Gallery.
125 (7) On Tuesday Peter is going to visit the Houses of Parliament. On Wednesday he is going to see the tombs of nearly all the kings and queens of Britain in Westminster Abbey. On Thursday Peter is going to visit the Globe Theatre. On Friday he is going to see St Paul’s Cathedral. On Saturday he is going to have fun on the Tower of London.
127 (1) 1. A: Where is the London Eye?
B: It is in Westminster Bridge Road in London.
A: What can you sec having a ride on it?
B: You can see the picturesque view of London up to 40 kilometres in all directions and admire the cityscape.
A: Is it worth visiting?
B: Sure. You’ll enjoy time with your family and friends.
2. A: Where is Madame Tussauds Museum?
B: It is in Marylebone Road in London.
A: What exhibits can you see there?
B: There are more than 300 wax figures of historical and royal figures as well as film and sport stars.
A: Why is it worth visiting?
B: You can enjoy the exhibition and take photos with famous people.
3. A: Where is the Tower of London?
B: It is on the Tower Hill.
A: What can you see there?
B: You can see the figures of armoured kings, enjoy the beauty of the Crown Jewels, discover interesting stories about the past, see the black ravens, and talk to a Beefeater.
128 (2) I find the most interesting fact that there is the Raven Master who takes care of the ravens and gives them meat in the morning and in the evening.
128 (3) 1. Many kings lived in the Tower of London. 2. Today the Tower of London is a wonderful museum. 3. The Raven Master takes care of the black ravens. 4. You can also see ’Beefeaters’ in their traditional Tudor uniforms.
129 (4) 1. Who gives the black ravens meat in the morning and in the afternoon? The Raven Master gives them meat. 2. What will fall without ravens according to the legend? According to the legend the Crown will fall and Britain fall without ravens in it. 3. What is the Tower of London today? It is a wonderful museum today. 4. Who lived in the Tower of London? Many kings lived there.
129 (5) Westminster Abbey is as famous as St Paul’s Cathedral. St Paul’s Cathedral isn’t as old as Westminster Abbey.
129 (6) 2. St Paul’s Cathedral isn’t as old as Westminster Abbey. 3. Trafalgar Square is as famous as Parliament Square. 4. Oxford isn’t as beautiful as London. 5. Whitehall isn’t as crowded as Oxford Street. 6. London is as busy as Kyiv.
130 (1) 1) to tum right; 2) to turn left; 3) to go along; 4) to come into; 5) to go round; 6) to go out of; 7) on the left; 8) on the right.
130 (2) Kim: Excuse me, sir. How can I get to the theatre from here?
A stranger: Walk three blocks to Market Square. Then tum right in Forest Street. Go along Forest Street and tum left at the comer. After that, go along Apple Street. The theatre is half-way down the street on the left-hand side.
131 (3) 1 C; 2 D; 3 A; 4 B.
132 (4) Jane: reminds the friend about the plans for the weekend; tells the friend some information about the museum; has asked parents to buy the tickets.
Alex: doesn’t like to get up early; will take a camera to the museum; will take a photo with the British Queen.
132 (5) Ann: Shall we visit the Tower of London tomorrow?
Sam: Yes, I’d like to take some photos there and to see Big Ben.
Ann: At what time do we have to meet?
Sam: Let’s meet in the Tower Hill at 10 o’clock.
Ann: Good. What about the tickets? Are we going to stand in a queue to buy them?
Sam: No, we are not. I will buy the tickets online.
Ann: Brilliant, Sam! Don’t forget to take your camera.
Sam: I won’t, Ann. See you tomorrow then.
Ann: Bye. See you.
132 (6) 1) had; 2) was; 3) went; 4) heard; 5) was; 6) went; 7) saw; 8) made; 9) felt; 10) discovered.
133 (1) Well, visit the National gallery in Trafalgar Square. Next stop, Buckingham palace. You can visit the Palace and also walk around Green Park. For an amazing view of London, take a ride on the London Eye. Next stop: the Tower of London. Our last stop is the West End.
134 (2) C; В; E; D; A.
134 (3) 1. Yes, there are. There are many parks in England. 2. I know such London parks as Hyde Park, St James’s Park and Green Park. 3. Spring is a lovely season in England because there are a lot of flowers in the parks. 4. Yes, there are. There are many flowers in the parks in England. 5. People like to sit on the grass or read books on the benches under the trees, visit the beautiful rose garden, and boat on the lake in Hyde Park. 6. You can see swans, geese, ducks and other birds on the lake in St James’s Park.
134 (4) What sights have they visited in London? Have they taken many photos? How was the weather? What was the most interesting? What parks, galleries, and museums have they visited? What squares and monuments have they seen?
135 (5) 1) shall we; 2) shall we; 3) how about; 4) that; 5) shall we; 6) why don’t we; 7) let’s go; 8) let’s go; 9) bus.
135 (6) I would like to visit the Tower of London, the Tower Bridge, Westminster Abbey, the Houses of Parliament, Trafalgar Square, Nelson’s Column, the National Gallery, the British museum, Buckingham Palace and to take a ride on the London Eye to see the beauty of the city.
138 (1) 2. There are many theatres in Kyiv. My favourite theatre is the National Opera. I can listen to some wonderful operas there. 3. There are a lot of cinemas in Kyiv. I can watch many interesting films there. 4. There are many squares in Kyiv. One of the most famous is St Sophia Square. You can see the monument to Bohdan Chmelnytskiy in front of St Sofia’s Cathedral there.
138 (2) 1 C; 2 A; 3D; 4 B.
139 (3) 1. Kyiv is located on the picturesque banks of the Dnipro River. 2. More than three million people live in the capital city. 3. The streets in Kyiv are wide. They are lined with chestnut trees, lime trees, and poplars. 4. In Kyiv people can see such sights as St Sophia’s Cathedral, Independence Square, the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra, Khreshchatyk Street, Andriyivskiy Uzviz, the Golden Gate, the House with Chimeras, Mariyinskiy Palace, St Andrew’s Church. 5. Kyiv has got a well-developed transport system. 6. You can travel around the city by bus, by tram, by trolleybus or by underground.
139 (4) Group A: This is one of the fastest means of transport in Kyiv. It’s cheap and lots of people use it every day in Kyiv to get to their place of work.
Group B: It’s an underground.
Group A: This is a place where you can find different exhibitions and learn a lot about the history of the city.
Group B: It’s a museum.
140 (6) 2. A lot of people visit Kyiv every year. 3. The city has a well-developed transport system. 4. There are many art galleries in Kyiv. 5. Ukrainians are proud of their capital.
140 (1) 1) St Sophia’s Cathedral; 2) Independence Square; 3) The Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra; 4) Khreshchatyk Street; 5) Andriyivskiy Uzviz (Descent); 6) The Golden Gate (a museum); 7) The House with Chimeras 8. Mariyinskiy Palace; 9) St Andrew’s Church.
141 (2) 3. A: Have you ever been to Kyiv?
В: Yes, I have.
A: Which tourist attractions have you visited?
В: I have seen St Andrew’s Church and I have bought some souvenirs in Andriyivskiy Uzviz.
4. A: Have you ever been to Kyiv?
B: No, I haven’t. But I’d like to go there one day. I’d like to visit Mariyinskiy Palace and the House with Chimeras. These places are very popular with tourists.
5. A: Have you ever been to Kyiv?
В: Yes, I have.
A: Which tourist attractions have you visited?
В: I have visited Independence Square. This place is the most popular for national celebrations and holiday events. Every year many tourists visit this square.
141 (3) I have already visited Khreshchatyk Street and Independence Square in Kyiv. I have also seen St Andrew’s Church and Andriyivskiy Uzviz.
I would like to visit St Sophia’s Cathedral and see its beautiful mosaics and frescoes. I’d like to visit the Golden Gate too.
142 (4) 1 C; 2 В; 3 E; 4 D.
142 (5) 1. A: What are you going to do this weekend?
B: I’m going on an excursion. I think that Independence Square is a nice place to go. It is very popular with tourists because it is the most popular place for national celebrations and holiday events. Will you join me?
A: With great pleasure.
2. A: What are you going to do this weekend?
B: I’m going on an excursion. I think that St Sophia’s Cathedral is a nice place to go. It’s very popular with tourists because of its beautiful mosaics and frescoes. Will you join me?
A: With great pleasure.
142 (6) Dear Jane,
I’m writing to tell you about Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. I’ll be glad to meet you here in summer and show the city’s numerous sights and attractions.
Kyiv is situated on the Dnipro River. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. More than three million people live there. Each year many tourists come to our capital to see its parks and squares and to visit its museums and churches.
There are many sights in Kyiv. You can visit the Golden Gate, which served as the main entrance to the city. It is a museum now. St Sophia’s Cathedral is famous for its beautiful mosaics and frescoes. In front of it you can see the monument to Bohdan Chmelnytskiy, who was a famous person in the history of Ukraine. Another wonderful church with splendid design, carved ornamentation and sculpture is St Andrew’s Cathedral.
The main street in Kyiv is called Khreshchatyk. Independence Square is at the northern end of it. The square is the most popular place for national celebrations and holiday events. If you want to buy some souvenirs, you should visit Andriyivskiy Uzviz. Kyiv has got a lot of museums, art galleries, concert halls, theatres and cinemas. The city’s parks are also very popular with tourists.
That’s all for now. I’ll show you all interesting places in my native city when you come in Kyiv in summer.
143 (1) A 1. Mariyinskiy Palace is in an old part of Kyiv on the top of a hill. 2. Mariyinskiy Park is one of the favourite places of Kyivites. 3. Children are happy in the park because they can ride bikes, play with the balls and drive minicars there. 4. Elderly people sit on the benches and talk with their friends in the park. 5. Teenagers chat about their friends and school life in Mariyinskiy Park.
В 1. The Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra is situated on the green hills above the Dnipro. 2. A monk called Anthony dug a cave there in the 9th century. 3. Later, some monks came and lived in caves there. 4. Monks painted beautiful icons in the monastery. 5. Today the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra is both a monastery and a tourist attraction.
144 (4) D: Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. It’s one of the most beautiful cities in the world. When I’m in Kyiv I’d like to visit Andriyivskiy Uzviz and St Andrew’s Church with its splendid design, sculpture and carved ornamentation.
E: To my mind, the beauty of Kyiv is in its historical sights and churches. When you are in Kyiv, you can visit the Golden Gate and St Sophia’s Cathedral and learn many interesting facts from the history of the city.
F: Kyiv is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It’s a place where ancient and modem live side by side. Numerous monuments and ancient architecture together with modem buildings, cinemas and theatres make Kyiv very popular with the tourists.
145 (5) 1) have worked 2) are looking; come 3) took part; won 4) is; began; dates; is; houses.
146 (2) 1. Go straight on. 2. Just keep going. 3. Go straight on and take the third turn on the left. 4. Go straight on and turn left. 5. It’s the second turn on the right. 6. Turn right at the supermarket, then left to Green Street, and it is on your right.
147 (3) 1. A: Excuse me. How do I get to the supermarket from here?
B: Ok. Go straight on, and it’s the second turn, no, the third turn on the right.
A: Thank you.
B: You’re welcome.
2. A: Excuse me. Is there a market near here?
B: Yes. Go straight on and take the second turn on the left. The market is next to the bank.
A: Thank you very much.
B: That’s OK. No problem.
3. A: Excuse me. Do you know the way to St Andrew’s Church?
B: No, I’m sorry. I’m not from here.
A: OK. Thanks.
4. A: Excuse me. Do you know the way to St Sophia’s Cathedral?
B: Yes. Turn left into the Bankova Street and the Cathedral is on the next turn on your right.
A: Thank you very much.
B: Not at all.
148 (4) 1) buildings; 2) architect; 3) animals; 4) hunting; 5) office; 6) receptions.
148 (5) 1. Has she already seen a very interesting film about animals? What has she already seen? 2. Have they already visited the National Historical Museum of Ukraine? What have they already visited? 3. Has Tom ever heard of this place before? 4. Have your parents already read many books about Kyiv? What books have your parents already read?
149 (1) 1 A; 2 E; 3 F; 4 D; 5 C; 6 A.
149 (2) 1) light; 2) underground; 3) main road; 4) sign; 5) pedestrian crossing; 6) pavement.
150 (3) 1. Excuse me. How far is it from St Sophia’s Cathedral to the Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra?
B: It’s pretty far. It’s about 50 minutes’ walk.
A: And what’s the best way to get there?
B: Go straight on and take the second turn right at the traffic lights. There is a bus stop there. Take Bus № 54 and get off at the fifth stop.
A: Thank you.
B: You’re welcome.
2. A: Excuse me. Is there a minibus going from here to Andriyivskiy Uzviz?
B: I’m sorry. I don’t know. I’m on a visit here. You should try asking.
3. A: Excuse me. I’m looking for Lva Tolstoho Underground Station.
B: Do you see the pedestrian crossing over there?
B: Yes, I do.
A: You should cross the street there. Then just keep going along the street, and take the second turn on the left. You’ll see the underground station sign there.
B: Thank you very much.
A: You’re welcome.
150 (4) 1. A: Where can I see a famous cathedral?
B: There are many famous cathedrals in Kyiv. You can visit the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra in Lavrska Street in Kyiv.
2. A: Where can I learn more about nature of Ukraine?
B: There is a beautiful botanical garden in Kyiv. It is Gryshko National Botanical Garden.
3. A: Where can I buy some souvenirs and see traditional Ukrainian artworks?
B: There is the most famous artistic street in Kyiv. It is Andriyivskiy Uzviz.
4. A: Where can I enjoy a picturesque view of the city?
B: There is a charming city centre park in Kyiv. It is Mariyinskiy Park with a beautiful palace in it.
5. Where can I see ancient mosaics and frescoes?
B: There is an old cathedral in Kyiv. It is St Sophia’s Cathedral in Volodymyrska Street.
6. A: Where can I learn more about Ukrainian History?
B: There is a good museum in Kyiv. It is called the Golden Gate. It is situated in Schekavytska Street.
7. A: Where can I admire some unusual buildings?
B: There is a wonderful house in front of the President’s office. It is the House with Chimeras.
8. A: Where can I take part in some traditional celebrations?
B: There is a big square in Kyiv. It is Independence Square in Khreshchatyk Street.
9. A: Where can I see some famous paintings?
B: There is a good art gallery in Kyiv. It is in Andriyivskiy Uzviz.
10. A: Where can I watch an opera?
B: There is an opera house in Kyiv. It is the National Opera House in Volodymyrska Street.
11. A: Where can I watch a 3D film?
B: There are many cinemas in Kyiv. One of them is in Khreshchatyk Street.
151 (5) The Golden Gate is an ancient fortification built by Yaroslaw the Wise. You can learn more about the history of Ukraine there. Horodetskiy House is an unusual Art Nouveau house. You can see traditional Ukrainian artworks and some paintings there. Independence Square, the main square in Kyiv. It’s the place of national celebrations and important events. It is very popular with the tourists. Mariyinskiy Park is a charming city centre park. You can visit a beautiful palace and enjoy a picturesque view of the city there.
152 (1) Ben: I love watching films. So when there is an interesting film in the cinema in my city, I usually go there. This Saturday I’m going to the Kyiv Cinema Hall to watch The Legend of Zorro there.
Sue: I love going to the theatre. So when there is a play in the theatre in my city, I usually go there. This Sunday I’m going to the National Opera to watch Romeo and Juliet.
152 (2) 1) art gallery 2) went sightseeing / visited museums / went on a guided tour 3) took photos 4) get lost 5) to visit museums 6) guide 7) map 8) a guidebook.
152 (3) Jane has visited St Sophia’s Cathedral, St Andrew’s Church and the Golden Gate. She has also gone on a trip along the Dnipro River. Jane has seen Khreshcliatyk Street and has visited Metrohrad, a large underground shopping recreation centre, which runs from Bessarabskiy Market to Lva Tolstoho Square.
153 (4) 1 F. 2 T. 3 F 4 T 5 F 6 T.
153 (5) Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. The city is situated on the Dnipro River. More than three million people live there. Each year many tourists come to our capital to see its numerous parks and squares, historical sights and monuments.
There are many churches and cathedrals in Kyiv. The most famous are St Sophia’s Cathedral, St Andrew’s Church, and Kyiv-Pechcrska Lavra. If you are interested in the history of the city, you should visit the Golden Gate. It is an ancient fortification built by Yaroslav the Wise. It’s a museum now.
The main street in Kyiv is called Khreshchatyk. It is a nice place for a walk. There is a large underground shopping and recreation centre called Metrograd in the centre of Kyiv. Independence Square is at the northern end of Khreshchatyk Street. You must visit it. The centre of Kyiv becomes very popular among tourists after recent events. The people of Ukraine fought against the V. Yanukovych authority there. It has become a sacred place of Ukraine. The centre of Kyiv has become the recollection about the modem heroes of Ukraine.
154 (6) Last summer I was in Kyiv. The art and architecture of this city are world treasures. I was in Kyiv with my classmates. We visited the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra, or the Monastery of the Caves. It has two 11th century cathedrals in its grounds. The world-famous catacombs of the Lavra, a bell tower, and museum collections attract tourists year after year. Other interesting places we’ve visited were St Sophia’s Cathedral with its beautiful mosaics and frescoes and St Andrew’s Church with its splendid design, carved ornamentation and sculpture. We also went on an excursion to the Golden Gate, an ancient fortification built by Yaroslav the Wise, which is a museum now. After that we walked along Khreshchatyk Street and took many photos on Independence Square. It was amazing.
154 (1) 1. We visited Kyiv last summer. We went on excursions there. We saw Khreshchatyk Street, Independence Square and St Andrew’s Church. We also went to Andriyivskiy Uzviz and bought some souvenirs there.
2. We are going to visit Kyiv next summer. We are going to travel by train. We are going to visit some museums there. We are going to visit the Golden Gate and the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra. We are also going to see the House with Chimeras and see many interesting paintings there.
3. We visited Kyiv last summer. We went on excursions there. We were in Mariyinskiy Park and visited a wonderful palace there. We also visited the House with Chimeras.
4. We are going to visit Kyiv next summer. We are going to travel by train. We are going to visit some churches and cathedrals there. We are going to visit the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra and St Michael’s Golden-Domed Monastery. We are going to visit the National Opera too.
155 (3) 1. Jane has got news for Ann and Dan. 2. Jane asks about the plans for the coming holidays 3. Dan asks about the means of transport a person travelled by. 4. Steve tells his friend about his last trip. 5. Ann tells her friend about the plans for the coming holidays. 6. Steve likes travelling by underground.
156 (4) 3. A What places in Kyiv has Peter visited? — Peter has visited St Sophia’s Cathedral. He has seen its ancient mosaics and frescoes. 4. A Who has been to Andriyivskiy Uzviz? — Emily has been there. She has visited St Andrew’s Church and bought a lot of souvenirs.
156 (5) Do you go sightseeing in a new city? Do you always take a map when you visit new cities? Do you buy a guidebook when you visit a new city? Do you take photos in a new city? Do you visit any museums or galleries when you visit a new city? Do you look around for shops in a new city? Do you often get lost when you visit a new city? Do you go on a guided tour in a new city?
157 (6) My favourite place in Kyiv is the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra. It is also called the Monastery on the Caves. There are two old 11 th-century cathedrals in its grounds. You can visit the world-famous catacombs, a bell tower and some museums in the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra. Many tourists come here year after year to learn about the history of the city and about the life of the talented and famous people who lived in the caves. The place is very popular with people because it is today both a monastery and a tourist attraction.
160 (1) Number 2 is Computer Studies. Number 3 is Ukrainian. Number 4 is History. Number 5 is Mathematics. Number 6 is Geography. Number 7 is English. Number 8 is Physical Education (PE). Number 9 is Art. Number 10 is Biology. Number 11 is World Literature. Number 12 is Handicrafts.
161 (3) Olia’s favourite school day is Wednesday.
161 (4) 1. True. 2. False. The fifth lesson is PE. 3. False. PE is on Friday. 4. False. Olia’s favourite school day is Wednesday. 5. False. Olia doesn’t like Maths and English. She likes Art and Music. 6. False. Olia visits her granny at weekends.
162 (5) 1) do you study; 2) study; 3) do; 4) do you like; 5) love; 6) we always have; 7) do you like; 8) hate; 9) my teacher always tells.
162 (6) 1) Mathematics; 2) subjects; 3) Art; 4) draw; 5) paint; 6) watercolours; 7) feelings; 8) emotions; 9) understand.
163 (1a) It’s Tuesday today. Carol has got English on her timetable. Peter has got PE. Mandy has got Geography. Tong has got Art.
It’s Wednesday today. Carol has got Maths on her timetable. Peter has got Music. Mandy has got History. Tong has got Biology.
It’s Thursday today. Carol has got Geography on her timetable. Peter has got Maths. Mandy has got PE. Tong has got English.
It’s Friday today. Carol has got Maths on her timetable. Peter has got Computer Studies. Mandy has got Art. Tong has got Computer Studies.
164 (2) 2. A: What subjects does Peter like?
B: He likes Geography, but he doesn’t like Spanish.
A: Does he like Science?
B: Yes, he does. He likes Science too.
3. A: What subjects does Mandy like?
B: She likes Drama and she likes Music.
A: Does she like History?
B: No, she doesn’t. History is boring.
4. A: What subjects does Tony like?
B: He likes Science and he likes Computer Studies.
A: Does he like English?
B: No, he doesn’t. He finds it difficult to learn.
165 (3) 1. Mandy likes Music and Drama. 2. Carol likes English. 3. Peter doesn’t like Spanish. 4. Peter likes Geography and Science. 5. Carol really hates Maths. 6. Carol likes English, but she doesn’t like Maths. 7. Tony’s favourite subject is Computer Studies. 8. Mandy hates History. 9. Carol’s favourite subject is PE.
165 (4) — Hello, Mike! What is your favourite subject?
— Hi, Lesia. I think it is History, but I like a lot of subjects.
— Why is History interesting for you?
— We learn about the things and people from the past. It is interesting to know about people’s life some centuries ago. We talk about different countries and famous people of those times.
166 (5) 1) teacher; 2) university; 3) library; 4) excursion; 5) lesson; 6) test.
167 (1) 1) a map; 2) mountains and a lake; 3) the Earth; 4) a river and a valley; 5) the sea or the ocean; 6) a lake; 7) a flag; 8) cities; 9) a famous building (The Houses of Parliament).
168 (2) 1) farmland; 2) hill; 3) valley; 4) lake; 5) river; 6) forest; 7) island; 8) landmarks.
169 (3) 1 A; 2 A; C; 3 A; 4 C; 5 A; 6 C.
170 (5) 1. Is the weather different in different parts of our planet? Yes, it is. 2. Can you study mountains and the ocean floor as a mathematician? No, I can’t. 3. Do we change the lives of the creatures around us when we build new houses? Yes, we do. 4. Shall we speak about planet Earth tomorrow? No, we shan’t. 5. Was my brother good at Geography when he studied at school? No, he wasn’t. 6. Does my friend’s sister know a lot about the geography of Ukraine?
171 (1) 1 i; 2 f; 3 c; 4 a; 5 d; 6 j; 7 b; 8 g; 9 h; 10 e.
171 (2) 1) maps; 2) rivers, mountains, seas, coasts; valleys; 3) continents; 4) people; 5) weather; 6) climate; 7) resources; 8) population.
172 (3) 1 NG; 2 A; 3 NG; 4 NG; 5 D; 6 A.
174 (1) We usually run, jump and play with a ball in the PE lessons. We never climb the wall bar. Sometimes boys do pull-ups and girls skip rope. I like jumping in length, but I can’t climb on the rope.
175 (2) John likes PE. He thinks it is fun. It is competitive. It is the only lesson where he doesn’t need to sit in a chair. He likes playing games like basketball or soccer. Kate also likes PE lessons. She likes team games, because she likes to be part of a team.
175 (3) 1) little; 2) PE lessons; 3) a child) 4) physical; 5) climbing; 6) exercises.
176 (4) 1 B; 2 E; 3 D; 4 G; 5 A; 6 H; 7 C; 8 F.
The girl’s friend Lizzy encouraged her to win the race.
177 (5) — Docs PE develop children’s bodies and muscles?
— Yes, it does. It also provides regular physical activities for all children, makes them participate in different physical activities.
— Does Physical Education improve self-discipline?
— Of course, it does! It gives children the opportunity to set their personal goals. Do you know that it reduces stress and strengthens peer relationships?
— I have never thought about it. I only think that PE is good because it improves children’s health.
— Yes, it also helps children to become more confident and independent. So, do not miss your PE lessons.
177 (6) 1) go; 2) go; 3) go; 4) come; 5) go; 6) does; 7) play; 8) go; 9) play; 10) play; 11) doing; 12) go.
178 (1) A) to make up a story; B) to do exercises from the textbook; C) to discuss different topics; D) to role-play; E) to listen to spoken English of native speakers; F) to do a project; G) to work in groups; H) to learn about culture; 1) to learn vocabulary.
179 (3) 1) haven’t done; 2) has...finished; 3) read; 4) Shall...see; 5) am doing; 6) didn’t do; 7) Does...do.
179 (4) 1) could; 2) has; 3) can; 4) must; 5) can’t; 6) could.
180 (6) During our English lessons we usually read texts from the textbook and answer the questions to the text. We write some sentences into the copybooks or do grammar exercises. At the end of the lesson we make up stories or dialogues on a given topic. Sometimes we work in groups, and ask and answer the questions on a given topic too. We like to set up role-plays or take part in different quiz- games. Our teacher makes us learn poems and songs by heart or recite them.