UNIT 4. NATIONAL CUISINE
Цілі: вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати правильне ставлення до їжі.
Do ex. 1, p. 63.
Do ex. 2, p. 63.
Read the text and do the task.
GET BACK TO THE PLEASURE OF HEALTHY EATING
1) Your natural wisdom about whole foods is a lot more reliable than you think. If you lose sight of the big picture and choose foods by their calorie and fat content, your judgment about what’s good for you and what isn’t gets less clear. Fat-free snacks and treats start to look just as good for you as apples or carrot sticks. Diet soda seems like a much better ’deal’ than low-fat milk.
2) Fact is, a low-fat food can look great on paper but is not positive to your diet. And some foods you have avoided because of their high fat content (for example, cheese, avocado, peanut butter) can be good and nutritious. It is better to eat six or more servings of grains a day (bread, cereal, rice, pasta), two or more servings of fruit, at least three of vegetables, two or three servings of milk products and two of protein-rich meat, fish, eggs or dried beans. Always choose foods you like. Do that, and the grams and milligrams will take care of themselves.
3) If you think that eating healthy means trying to consume a little less than you’d like to, ask yourself how well that really works. Eating less than you want is uncomfortable, and as anyone who has ever dieted knows, you can’t undereat without overeating. It is better not to stop your appetite. You’ll find that you enjoy your meals more, that you spend less time thinking about food between meals. And, as a result, you will not gain weight.
4) Life is too short to change really wonderful foods for alternatives that don’t offer the same satisfaction. Of course, you’ll find there are some light foods you can eat instead of the real thing and still feel happily satisfied. But think twice about a food you choose simply because it’s fat-free or low cal. If you don’t really like it or if it’s not what you want, it’s not worth it.
5) You may think cutting out certain foods is the fastest way to a healthy diet. It’s not. To improve your diet in a meaningful way, it’s better to concentrate on the foods you need to eat. According to a recent survey, most people need to eat twice as much fruit, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and eat an extra serving or two of grains each day. If you’re looking for ways to make your diet healthier, that’s where to start. (The next step: Cut down a bit on sweet and added fats — butter, oil, salad dressing — and you’ll be doing very well indeed.) besides good nutrition, variety means more pleasure in every bite. If you have a little of everything it satisfies your desire to crunch into a juicy apple, to enjoy a perfectly ripe peach and the cool pleasure of half-melting ice cream.
1) What does the writer try to make clear in paragraph 1?
a) Fat-free snacks are better than some vegetables and fruit.
b) It’s good to count calories in foods.
c) It’s better to think in terms of whole foods.
2) What is the main idea of paragraph 2?
a) It’s necessary to eat various kinds of food.
b) Food with a small number of calories is good for your diet.
c) Eat more cereal, bread, rice and pasta and you’ll be healthy.
3) What is necessary to do according to paragraph 3?
a) To eat a bit less than you want to.
b) To let your body decide how much you’ll eat.
c) To eat a bit more between meals.
4) What is the typical mistake according to paragraph 4?
a) People choose foods that give them satisfaction.
b) People allow themselves to eat more than they need.
c) People eat certain foods just because they are fat-free.
5) What does it mean to eat healthy according to paragraph 5?
a) To avoid certain foods.
b) To start eating twice a day.
c) To have a balanced and varied diet.
6) What does ’It’ in paragraph 5 refer to?
a) Eating less.
b) Eating healthier.
c) Cutting food in small pieces.
► Work in pairs.
You’ve invited a foreign friend to visit your home town. Discuss where to eat out. Choose between a fast food restaurant and a restaurant of Ukrainian cuisine.
You are for a fast food restaurant. It is fast and there are some healthy choices there. Besides you don’t know much about Ukrainian cuisine.
You are against fast food restaurants. You think the food they offer is unhealthy. You prefer healthy diet. Give examples of healthy foods in Ukrainian cuisine.
French fries ……………….
Grilled chicken sandwich ……………….........................
Vanilla milk shake ……………….
Diet Cola ……………….
Stewed meat with cabbage ……………….
Varenyky with cottage cheese ....................................... ……………….
Vegetarian dishes ……………….
Stewed fruit ……………….
Do ex. 5, p. 63.
Do ex. 3, 4, p. 63.