UNIT 7. THE WORLD OF PAINTING
Цілі: формувати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць; вдосконалювати навички читання, аудіювання й усного монологічного мовлення; розвивати пізнавальні інтереси учнів; виховувати правильне ставлення до мистецтва, а також загальну культуру учнів.
1) What artist was famous for his paintings of lily ponds? (Claude Monet)
2) Who was both a scientist and a painter? (Leonardo Da Vinci)
3) What artist cut off part of his ear? (Van Gogh)
4) Monet painted in what style? (Impressionism)
5) What is a painting of a bowl of fruit usually called? (still life)
6) Who was a surrealist painter? (Salvador Dali)
7) Who painted Guernica? (Pablo Picasso)
Do ex. 1, p. 118.
3. Reading and speaking
Read the following list of the most famous world museums and say which one would you like to visit and why.
METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, New York City — the Met’s goal is to collect, preserve, study, exhibit, and stimulate appreciation for and advance knowledge of works of art that collectively represent the broadest spectrum of human achievement at the highest level of quality, all in the service of the public.
BRITISH MUSEUM, London — housed in one of Britain’s architectural landmarks, the collection is one of the finest in existence, spanning two million years of human history. You will find art and antiquities from ancient and living cultures. Admission is free.
THE TATE MUSEUM, London — is Britain’s national museum of international modern art and consist of the Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool, Tate St Ives, and Tate Online, part of the group now known simply as Tate.
THE VATICAN MUSEUMS, Rome — is comprised of the papal apartments of the medieval Apostolic Palace decorated with frescoes during the Renaissance, the Sistine Chapel the exhibition rooms of the Vatican Apostolic Library and the actual museums.
MUSEU NACIONAL DEL PRADO, Madrid — modest but intelligently chosen collection of superb art work is shown.
THE HERMITAGE, St. Petersburg — Excellent quality images of the best 2000 holdings in the museum that contains more than three millions of the world’s masterpieces.
THE SMITHSONIAN, Washington, DC — the world’s largest museum complex and research organization composed of 16 museums and the National Zoo in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area.
MoMA (MUSEUM OF MODERN ART), New York City — Moma’s purpose is to bring together the established and the experimental, the past and the present all people. It’s collection includes works of architecture and design, drawings, painting and sculpture, photography, prints and illustrated books, film, and media.
THE UFIZZI, Florence, Italy — excellent quality pictures are shown for top Italian artists’ works like Botticelli, Veronse, an Giorgione. It is one of the oldest and most famous art museums of the Western world.
CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU, Paris. It houses the Musee National d’Art Moderne which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe.
THE LOUVRE, Paris — from the Mona Lisa to The Raft of Medusa, from Venus de Milo to the Victory of Samothrace, the site is definitely worth your visit.
THE GUGGENHEIM, Bilbao, Spain is a museum of modern and contemporary art which houses some of the 20th century’s greatest works of art. Guggenheim in Bilbao has become as artistically renowned as the paintings that hang from its walls.
Do ex. 2, p. 118.
Do ex. 3, 4, p. 118.
► Work in pairs.
Read a piece of information about the Prado, think out and prove your ideas why the Prado is worth visiting.
The Museo del Prado is a museum and art gallery located in Madrid, the capital of Spain. It features one of the world’s finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century, based on the former Spanish Royal Collection. Founded as a museum of paintings and sculpture, it also contains important collections of other types of works. A new, recently opened wing enlarged the display area by about 400 paintings, and it is currently used mainly for temporary expositions. El Prado is one of the most visited sites in the world, and it is considered to be among the greatest museums of art. The principal attraction takes root in the wide presence of Velzquez, Francisco de Goya (the artist more extensively represented in the collection), Titian, Rubens and Bosch, of that it possesses the best collections that exist on a global scale.
The collection currently comprises around 7,600 paintings, 1,000 sculptures, 4,800 prints and 8,200 drawings, in addition to a large number of works of art and historic documents. By 2012 the Museum will be displaying about 1300 works in the main buildings, while around 3,100 works are on temporary loan to various museums and official institutions. The remainder are in storage.
The best known work on display at the museum is Las Meninas by Velazquez. Velazquez not only provided the Prado with his own works, but his keen eye and sensibility was also responsible for bringing much of the museum’s fine collection of Italian masters to Spain.
Pablo Picasso’s renowned work Guernica was exhibited in the Prado upon its return to Spain after the restoration of democracy, but was moved to the Museo Reina Sofia, which is mainly dedicated to Spanish art, in 1992 as part of a transfer of all works later than the early 19th century to other buildings for space reasons.
1) Are all museums important?
2) Do you think museums in other countries are more or less interesting than those in your own country?
3) Which country has the best museums in the world?
Ex. 5, p. 119.