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10 клас

UNIT 7. THE WORLD OF PAINTING

 

LESSON 71

WRITING ESSAYS

 

Цілі: формувати навички письма; вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення, читання; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати зацікавленість у розширенні своїх знань.

Procedure

1. Warm-up

1) What is an essay?

2) What purposes of writing essays can be?

3) In your opinion, what should you do to start writing an essay?

2. Speaking

Present your reports about Ukrainian painters. (Checking the home­work)

3. Grammar practice

Fill in the correct form (Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Con­tinuous).

Tom. Hi Ana. I (try) to ring you several times today. Where (you / be) __ ?

Ana. I (be)_ at home all the time. But I (clean) the house all day, so maybe I didn’t hear the phone ring.

Tom. (you / clean) __ everything now?

Ana. No, not yet. I (tidy / not) ____ up the kitchen yet. But why are you here?

Tom. Don’t you remember? Jane (invited) ___ us to her birthday party and we (buy / not) ____ a present for her yet.

Ana. Oh, that’s right. (you / find out / already) ____ what she wants?

Tom. Well, she (learn) __ Spanish for a year and wants to spend her next holiday in Mexico. Maybe we could get her a guide book.

Ana. That’s a good idea. There is a good bookshop in the big shopping centre. I (see) __ some nice books about Mexico there recently.

Key:

Tom. Hi Ana. I have tried to ring you several times today. Where have you been?

Ana. I have been at home all the time. But I have been cleaning the house all day, so maybe I didn’t hear the phone ring.

Tom. Have you cleaned everything now?

Ana. No, not yet. I have not tidied up the kitchen yet. But why are you here?

Tom. Don’t you remember? Jane has invited us to her birthday party and we have not bought a present for her yet.

Ana. Oh, that’s right. Have you already found out what she wants? Tom. Well, she has been learning Spanish for a year and wants to spend her next holiday in Mexico. Maybe we could get her a guide book.

Ana. That’s a good idea. There is a good bookshop in the big shopping centre. I have seen some nice books about Mexico there recently.

4. Reading and speaking

Do ex. 1, p. 127.

5. Reading

Do ex. 2 (a), p. 128.

6. Speaking

Do ex. 2(b), p. 128

Work in pairs.

Role-play the situation at the exam. Cut out and shuffle Student B’s cards to make him / her choose the correct answer.

 

Student A

1)

What are the main parts of an essay?

2)

Why is an essay divided into these parts?

3)

What are the parts of an introduction?

4)

Why does an introduction have these parts?

5)

What kinds of information can be put into each part?

6)

What are the main parts of a body paragraph?

7)

Why does a body paragraph have these parts?

8)

What are some common patterns of information in essays?

 

Student B

Introduction, body, conclusion

This Arrangement makes the reader’s job easier. The information is presented in an order that is clear and logical

General topic, narrowing the focus, thesis

Organized in this way, an introduction gives background to the topic and then focuses more and more on the specific topic. This enables the reader to under­stand the thesis more easily and completely. The reader can then read the body of the essay while making predictions about the kinds of information that will be given in the body

The general topic contains background information, locating the topic of the es­say in a broader context. The next part narrows the focus by providing more spe­cific information that the reader may need in order to understand the thesis. The thesis then appears, giving the main argument of the essay that follows

Topic sentence and support

Beginning with a topic sentence gives the reader a clear idea of what kind of information is to follow. The support gives detailed information relating to the topic sentence

Many longer essays (and letters to the editor, business documents, case studies, etc.) use the pattern: situation, problem, solution, evaluation. Other common patterns also occur

 

7. Reading

Do ex. 3, 4, p. 129.

8. Speaking

Do ex. 6, p. 129.

9. Summary

Do ex, p. 129.

10. Homework

Ex. 7, p. 131.





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