Розробки уроків - АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА - 11 клас - за підручником О. Д. Карп’юк
UNIT 5. IT’S YOUR PLANET!
LESSON 54. WHY DOESN’T THE EARTH FEEL WELL?
Цілі: вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати відповідальне ставлення до довкілля.
Do the quiz
1) Most of the trash your family throws away each day ends up getting ....
2) About how many kilogrammes of garbage does each one of us create every day?
a) Less than 2
3) Mercury is a hazardous chemical. Which item does not contain mercury?
a) Computer disks
b) Blinking lights in sneakers
c) Fluorescent light bulbs
4) Which items are recyclable?
a) Plastic milk jugs
b) Cereal boxes
c) Aluminum soda cans
d) All of the above
5) What is the environmentally friendly way to dispose of used tires?
a) Send them to a landfill
b) Recycle them into a playground matting
c) Dump them in a ditch along the roadway
d) Collect them and put them in a big pile
6) What is groundwater?
a) Water that is spilled onto the ground
b) Water beneath the ground surface
c) The bottom part of a lake or river
d) Rainwater that lands on the ground
7) What material do we throw away the most?
8) How long does it take Styrofoam to break down in a landfill?
a) 10 Years
b) 50 Years
c) 100 Years
d) 500 Years
9) Used oil should be disposed of by..
a) Dumping it on your driveway
b) Watering it down and spreading it as a fertilizer
c) Collecting it in a sealed container and taking it to an oil changing business
d) Keeping in the garage for 10 years before throwing it away in the trash
10) Our waterways are polluted by..
a) Dumping used oil on the ground
b) Leaking underground gasoline storage tanks
c) Leaking of old landfills
d) All of the above
Key: 1 c, 2 b, 3 a, 4 d, 5 b, 6 b, 7 b, 8 d, 9 c, 10 d.
Fill in the gaps with the words from the box.
Dangerous land fresh air late problem noise air
rubbish serious water roadworks smoke safe
The pollution in Hong Kong is a (1)... problem.
We have (2)... pollution which makes the rivers and the sea very dirty. Some seafood is no longer (3)... to eat now.
We have (4) ... pollution because of the (5) ... made by cars and factories.
(6)... pollution is also getting worse because of the (7)... and traffic in our streets.
If we allow this to go on, Hong Kong will become a (8)... place to live in. Therefore we must do something before it is too (9)... .
If we don’t stop making a lot of smoke, we won’t have (10) ... to breathe.
Key: 1 serious, 2 water, 3 safe, 4 air, 5 smoke, 6 noise, 7 roadworks, 8 dangerous, 9 late, 10 fresh air.
Read the text and do the tasks.
In many countries woodland are under threat from continued house and road building, but the biggest problem is neglect. Seven thousand years ago, most of Britain, for example, was covered with trees. Since then, these forests have been systematically cleared to provide land for agriculture and housing and to use as fuel. Around 1900 only 4 % of the country was woodland; measures have since been taken to enlarge forests which now make up 10 % of the British landscape. Even so, this compares poorly with the European Union average of 25 %.
Many of us take trees for granted, yet they make significant contributions to many areas of our daily life. They provide areas for recreation and relaxation. A US survey indicates that hospital patients recover more quickly and require less powerful medicine if they have a view of trees.
Trees can give an important insight into the history of an area. Rows of trees crossing an open field may have once marked where a hedgerow used to be, and single trees may have been used as a local landmark.
Trees also convert carbon dioxide and water in the atmosphere into oxygen. The oxygen produced from 30 to 40 square metres of leaves is sufficient for one person per day. They provide vital habitats and wood stuffs for birds, animals, insects and other plants. They supply timber for building as well as wood pulp for paper production.
Trees in towns help to reduce pollution level by moving dust, smoke and fume particles from the air and trapping them in their leaves, branches and stems. They can also reduce wind speeds by 85 % and noise by 40 %.
Are these sentences true or false?
1) Trees increase the effect of pollution.
2) Patients with a view of trees spend less time in hospitals.
Key: 1 T, 2 F.
Find in the text words or expressions that mean the same as:
1) Carelessness (paragraph 1)...
2) Understanding (paragraph 3)...
Key: 1 neglect, 2 insight.
How is pollution effecting the environment of Ukraine today?
Make up your list of environmental problems. What are the worst of them?