Розробки уроків - АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА - 11 клас - за підручником О. Д. Карп’юк
UNIT 8. PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
LESSON 87. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
Цілі: вдосконалювати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць; вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати толерантне ставлення до інших і загальну культуру учнів.
1) Is the United Nations the world’s most international organization?
2) In which countries should the United Nations do more right now?
Read some information and say why people celebrate United Nations Day. List the reasons.
WHAT IS UNITED NATIONS DAY?
United Nations Day celebrates the purpose and cause of the United Nations, and that is to make the world a better place for everyone who lives in it. The United Nations organization was one of Franklin Roosevelt’s enduring achievements as he worked with many Allied leaders towards the development of the UN organization. Replacing the League of Nations after World War II in 1945, almost every nation in the world belongs to this organization, with a membership of 192 countries.
United Nations Day has been celebrated every October 24th since 1948 and was declared a public holiday in 1971 to gain support of its work. It is a day to make the world aware of the goals of the organization, and to celebrate its achievements, which are many. As the UN continues to address important matters of the world, United Nations Day is a chance to reflect on the goals that they have accomplished, and to support the goals set for the future.
The major achievements of the United Nations and their accomplishments are plentiful, and along with its organizations, have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize five times through the year 1996. While peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance is what the United Nations are known for, there are many other ways in which they help to make the world a better place.
The UN and its family organizations work constantly to promote respect for human rights, gender quality and the advancement for women, protecting the environment, fighting disease and reducing poverty. Among the challenges that affect humanity, the United Nations also adopted a global action plan to achieve eight anti-poverty goals by the year 2015. These goals, called the Millennium Development Goals, were adapted in 2000.
The UN agencies are responsible for defining the standards for safe and efficient air travel, to improve telecommunications, and leads the international campaigns against drug trafficking and terrorism. In December 2007,187 countries agreed to begin a two year process of negotiations in an effort to address the problem of stop the spread of HIV.
While many people are not aware of the outstanding jobs, goals, responsibilities and plans are of the UN, it is one of the many reasons why we celebrate United Nations Day, in order to better understand what they do and what they stand for. The United Nations continue to be guided in future cooperation with respect to peace, development, equality and justice for mankind in every part of the world.
3. Listening and speaking
Listen to the text and do the task.
UNICEF stands for United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. It was created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II.
In 1954, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System. UNICEF relies on contributions from governments and private donors. Governments contribute two thirds of the organization’s resources; private groups and some 6 million individuals contribute the rest through the National Committees. Most of UNICEF’s work is in the field, with staff in over 190 countries and territories. More than 200 country offices carry out UNICEF’s mission through a program developed with host governments. Seven regional offices provide technical assistance to country offices as needed.
UNICEF’s programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 and the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006.
1) UNICEF was established before the end of World War II.
2) The organization relies only on governments contributions.
3) Most of UNICEF’s work is in its headquarters.
4) UNICEF has won two awards so far.
Key: 1 F, 2 F, 3 F, 4 T.
Read about activities of UNICEF in Ukraine. What are their aims in Ukraine and what programmes do they support?
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) opened its office in Kyiv in 1997. Since then, the children’s agency has been working to improve the lives of children and families throughout Ukraine.
Over the years, UNICEF has increased its support to the Government of Ukraine to develop health, nutrition, education and protection programmes for children. UNICEF advocates for children’s right to participation and prioritises actions for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged. Recognizing that the well being of children is closely linked to the situation of their mothers, UNICEF also works to help women in Ukraine to better their health and education, and protect their rights.
In 2006 UNICEF launched a new programme that reflects the country’s pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals that include improving maternal health, reducing child mortality, halting the spread of HIV /AIDS and tuberculosis, and protecting the vulnerable and promoting gender equality.
UNICEF’s current Country Programme of Cooperation with the Government of Ukraine consists of four programmes:
Advocacy, Information and Social Policy Programme
HIV / AIDS, Children and Youth Programme
Child Protection Programme
Child Health and Development Programme
UNICEF programmes are being implemented in Kyiv, Crimea, Odesa, Donetsk, Lviv, Kherson, Sumy, Ivano-Frankivsk, Cherkasy, Zhytomyr, Khmelnytsky, Chernigiv, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhya, Mykolayiv.
UNICEF is funded by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.
Do ex. 4, p. 254.
Would you like to work for an international organization? Why??
Do ex. 3 (b), p. 253.