UNIT 9. HELLO, SUMMER HOLIDAYS!
WELCOME TO AUSTRALIA!
Цілі: вдосконалювати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць і навички читання, аудіювання й усного мовлення; розвивати мовленнєву реакцію й пізнавальні інтереси учнів; виховувати зацікавленість у розширенні своїх знань, повагу до культури інших країн.
Read these short texts and ask the students to guess what season it is.
It is hot and sunny. You wear shorts and T-shirts. You wear sandals on your feet.
It is cold and snowy. It’s windy too. You wear coats, hats, gloves and boots.
It is cool and cloudy. It often rains. You wear jeans, warm sweaters and raincoats.
It is warm and sunny. It sometimes rains. You wear jackets, jeans and shoes.
2. Listening Before listening
Try to remember what you have already known about Australia.
Listen to the text (paragraph by paragraph) and answer the questions after each one.
Australia is a continent, a country and an island at the same time. It is the sixth largest country and the smallest continent in the world. It is situated in the southern hemisphere, in the south of Asia, between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. That’s why it has summer when we have winter and it has winter when we have summer. January is the hottest month in Australia. Australia is the world’s driest continent. Huge areas of land are so dry that nobody can live there. There are rainforests in the north, snowfields in the south-east and desert in the centre.
1) Where is Australia situated?
2) What are the summer months there?
3) What is the hottest month?
4) What is the climate like in Australia?
5) Why do most of the people live at the seaside?
In 1770 the English captain James Cook discovered the east coast of Australia. He met the Aborigines, the Australian native people, who had been living there for more than 40,000 years. They lived in small family groups of 10 to 50 people, each with its own language or dialect. They did their hunting with spears and boomerangs.
1) Who discovered Australia? When?
2) How do we call native people in Australia?
3) What was their lifestyle like?
Australia has got six states and two internal territories. There are some well-known landmarks there. The Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef system in the world and Ayers Rock, a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory just in the centre of Australia, are among them. Ayers Rock is a magical place for the Aborigines. The Great Barrier Reef is a home for 1,500 species of fish and has a great attraction for tourists, especially scuba divers, who enjoy doing underwater photos.
1) How many states are there in Australia?
2) What are the two very popular attractions in Australia?
3) Why do they attract tourists?
The capital of Australia is Canberra. It is not the biggest city. Sydney and Melbourne are much larger. People from about 200 nations live there. The official language is English.
1) What is the capital of Australia?
2) What is the official language in Australia?
Australian wildlife is various. There are nearly half a million species of plants and animals there. Australia’s best-known animals are the kangaroo, the koala, the emu and the dingo (a wild dog). There are 50 species of kangaroo and 55 species of parrots. About 400 species of birds in Australia are found nowhere else in the world.
1) How many species of plants and animals can we find in Australia?
2) What are the most famous in the world?
Australians are great sport lovers. They are fond of outdoor activities, especially camping, surfing, canoeing and scuba diving. They are lucky because they can enjoy them all the year round.
• What outdoor activities attract tourist to Australia?
Choose the items, which you can meet only in Australia, and fill in the chart.
Montreal, the Aborigines, the koala, the panda, Canberra, Niagara Falls, The Great Barrier Reef, the Pacific Ocean, the kiwi, the Indians, Ayers Rock, the Rocky Mountains, states, a boomerang, a beach, white people, English, the emu, Melbourne, rainforests, desert, the dingo, the kangaroo, scuba divers, Eskimos.
Do Ex. 3, p. 149 using the prompts below.
Do Ex. 4, p. 149.
Do Ex. 5, p. 149.
1) Would you like to visit Australia? Why?
2) What attracts you there?
Ex. 6, p. 149.