Розробки уроків - АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА 8 клас (за підручником А. М. Несвіт) - 2016 рік
Unit 2. SCHOOL LIFE
Lesson 21. SCHOOL IN GREAT BRITAIN
Цілі: формувати навички вживання нових лексичних; вдосконалювати навички читання, письма й усного мовлення; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати зацікавленість у розширенні своїх знань і повагу до традицій інших народів.
Types of school in Britain. Complete the chart with the following words. Secondary, further education, infant, nursery, junior, primary.
Type of school
Key: nursery, primary education, infant, junior, secondary, further education.
2. Vocabulary practice
Do ex. 1, p. 47.
Complete the text with the words from the box.
Foreign languages, specialised, infant schools, seven, eleven, enter university, fourth, secondary, junior schools, a five-year course, five, geography
English children must go to school when they are (1) ... . First they go to (2) ... , where they learn the first steps in reading, writing and using numbers.
When children leave the infant school, at the age of (3) ... , they go to (4) ... until they are about (5) ... years of age. Their school subjects are English, arithmetic, history, (6) ... , nature study, swimming, music, art, religious instruction and organised games.
Towards the end of their (7) ... year in the junior school English schoolchildren have to write their Eleven Plus Examinations, on the result of which they will go the following September to a (8) ... school of a certain type.
The secondary technical school, inspite of its name, is not a (9) ... school. It teaches many general subjects. The grammar school is a secondary school which offers a full theoretical secondary education including (10) ... , and students can choose which subjects and languages they wish to study. They leave the school after taking (11) ... . Then they may take the General Certificate of Education at the ordinarylevel. The others continue their studies for another two or three years to obtain the General certificate of Education at the advanced level, which allows them to (12) ... .
Key: 1 five, 2 infant schools, 3 seven, 4 junior schools, 5 eleven, 6 geography, 7 fourth, 8 secondary, 9 specialised, 10 foreign languages, 11 a five-year course, 12 enter university.
Do ex. 2, p. 47.
5. Vocabulary practice
Do ex. 3, p. 48.
Key: 1 c, 2 d, 3 a, 4 b, 5 e, 6 g, 7 h, 8 f.
Listen to the overview about private schools in the UK and do the task.
The school system in the UK can proudly call itself one of the most complicated in Europe. Not only it is not the same across the kingdom but also the number of changes that have taken place in the last 50 years have made it equally confusing for a British person and for a foreigner.
Let’s start from the very beginning. There are two types of schools in the UK: state schools where education is free and private schools where you have to pay. The only thing is that private schools in Britain are called ... public. Why? A long time ago when education was privilege of the rich, the only schools where poor people could go were founded by charities (organizations that collect money for people in need). As it was public money, the schools for the poor were called public schools. Logical, isn’t it? However, in the course of history many public schools became very successful and turned into expensive private schools but the conservative British continued to call them public schools.
Until very recently public schools were either all-boys or all-girls. Public schools can be full boarding (pupils live there all academic year except for holidays), normal (pupils go home every day) and mixed (some pupils go home every weekend and some stay).
Some public schools charge up to 20,000 a year. There are some grants for bright pupils as well but the places are few and the competition is very strong. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that only six percent of the people in the UK can afforded it. The other important criterion is that you have to belong to the right class as the class system in Britain is still very important. Mostly, public education is a privilege of the upper middle and upper classes.
True or False.
1. British system of education is very simple.
2. You can find schools where you either have to pay or don’t have to pay.
3. The education in public schools is free.
4. Public schools were founded for poor people.
5. Nowadays the poor can attend public schools as well.
6. Public schools have three ways of attendance.
7. Some pupils can stay at school during the whole year except holidays.
8. You should have quite a lot of money to study at a public school.
9. Sixteen percent of pupils attend public schools.
10. Even children from ordinary families have an opportunity to enter a public school.
Do ex. 4, p. 48.
Write a letter to your foreign friend about your school.
• your favourite subjects;
• your attitude to school.
• your school activities;
Ask him / her three questions about his / her school.