Розробки уроків - АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА 8 клас (за підручником А. М. Несвіт) - 2016 рік

Unit 5. COUNTRIES, PEOPLE, LIFESTYLE: THE UK AND UKRAINE

Lesson 56. CLIMATE AND WEATHER

Цілі: вдосконалювати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць; вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати мовну здогадку й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; розвивати пам'ять; виховувати зацікавленість у розширенні своїх знань.

Procedure

1. Warm-up

Answer the questions.

1. What is the weather like today?

2. What was it like yesterday?

3. What is the weather like in summer / autumn / winter / spring in the UK?

4. What is the weather like in summer / autumn / winter / spring in Ukraine?

5. What is your favourite season? Why?

2. Reading

Do ex. 1, p. 123.

Key: 1 A, 2 D.

3. Reading

Do ex. 2, p. 124.

4. Vocabulary practice

Match the words below with their Ukrainian equivalents.

1) affect

a) швидкість і напрямок вітру

2) whereas

b) прогноз

3) conditions

c) помірний

4) the amount of sunshine and rainfall

d) впливати

5) wind speed and direction

e) умови

6) meteorologist

f) відміна

7) forecast

g) особливо

8) temperate

h) тоді як

9) variation

i) метеоролог

10) inland

j) температура

11) particularly

k) кількість сонячного світла й опадів

12) temperature

l) вологість

13) moisture

m) всередині країни

Key: 1 d, 2 h, 3 e, 4 k, 5 a, 6 i, 7 b, 8 c, 9 f, 10 m, 11 g, 12 j, 13 l.

Listen to the information about the south of England and answer the questions.

1. Why does the most population of England live in the south?

2. What attracts tourists to visit this part of England?

Nearly half of England’s population lives on the south of England and most of the people live in London and the area around London, since that is where most of the jobs are based.

Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, which is called the Garden of England, is the home of the Archbishop of the Church of England. The fourteenth-century poet, Chaucer, wrote The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories told by a group of pilgrims on their way to the town.

Brighton is the largest holiday resort on the south coast. It was once a small fishing village. In 1724, when the Prince Regent, later King George IV, started going to Brighton to swim in the sea, the town became very fashionable.

Further west along the coast is Bournemouth, also a holiday resort. Both Brighton and Bournemouth have many language schools, which give them a lively, cosmopolitan atmosphere, especially in the summer.

Holiday resorts in the counties of Devon and Cornwall often have palm trees growing on the sea front. St Ives, a Cornish fishing village, has always attracted painters and in 1993 a new modern art gallery was opened.

5. Writing

DO ex. 3, p. 125.

6. Reading

Read the text and answer the questions.

1. Does it rain all the time in Britain?

2. Why is the climate of the British Isles mild?

3. Does it snow heavily in Britain?

4. What is the usual temperature in the UK?

5. The weather is a favourite conversational topic in Great Britain, isn’t it? Why?

6. What is the best time of the year in Britain?

7. What do you know about London fogs?

8. Why do people call the British climate changeable?

9. What kind of weather do you like best of all?

10. How does the British climate influence plants and flowers?

BRITISH CLIMATE

The climate of Great Britain is more or less the same as that of the north — western part of the European mainland. The popular belief that it rains all the time in Britain is simply not true. In fact, London gets no more rain in a year than most other European cities. The amount of rain that falls on a town in Britain depends on where it is. Generally speaking, the further west you go, the more rain you get.

The climate of Great Britain is mild and temperate due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. That means that it is never too hot or too cold. Snow is a regular feature of the higher areas only. Occasionally, in lower — lying parts winter can be without snow at all.

Usually the temperature is between 5° C below zero and 23° C above zero. The driest period is from March to June and the wettest months are from October to January. It seldom snows heavily in winter, frost is rare. January and February are usually the coldest month July and August are the warmest ones. Sometimes the wind brings whirlwinds or hurricanes. Droughts are rare.

The lack of extremes is the reason why, on the few occasions when it gets very hot or very frosty, the country seems to be totally unprepared for it. A bit of snow and a few days of frost and the trains stop working and the roads are blocked. If the temperature goes above 27 C, people behave as if they were in Sahara and the temperature makes front — page headlines. But these things happen so rarely that it is not worth organizing life to be ready for them.

The bad reputation of Britain’s climate is due to its changeability. There is a saying that Britain doesn’t have a climate, it only has weather. But English weather is never the same two days running. One day it rains, the next day it may be sunny and then it may be cold again. It may not rain very much altogether, but you can never be sure of a dry day. There can be cool days in July and some quite warm days in January.

So, we may say that the British climate has three mail features: it is mild, humid, and changeable. That’s why Great Britain is such a green country, wits long rich grass for the cattle and sheep, and beautiful lawns in the gardens.

7. Summary

Do ex. 4, p. 125.

8. Homework

Do ex. 5, p. 125.






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