Англійська мова. Граматичний практикум: збірник граматичних вправ для середнього рівня - 2018

ДІЄСЛОВО (THE VERB)

Дієслово в англійській мові має чотири групи часових форм: неозначені часи (Simple Tenses), тривалі часи (Continuous Tenses), доконані часи (Perfect Tenses) та доконано-тривалі часи (Perfect Continuous Tenses). У кожній групі дієслова вживаються у теперішньому (Present), минулому (Past) та майбутньому (Future) часах. Дієслова також вживаються в активному (Active Voice) та пасивному станах (Passive Voice).

ТЕПЕРІШНІЙ НЕОЗНАЧЕНИЙ ЧАС (THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE)

Теперішній неозначений час вживається для опису регулярної дії чи постійного стану. При цьому часто називаються такі обставини часу:

always, often, usually, every day (month, year), sometimes, seldom, rarely, never. Наприклад:

She always eats fruit for supper. They sometimes go to the park on Sunday.    

Стверджувальна форма теперішнього неозначеного часу утворюється таким чином:

l/we/you/they + V1     He/she/it + Vs

Утворення форми 3-ї особи однини має такі особливості:

1) якщо інфінітив без to закінчується на -ss, -sh, -ch, -х, -о, додається закінчення -es: push pushes, fixfixes, gogoes;

2) якщо інфінітив без to закінчується на -у з попередньою приголосною, то -у змінюється на -і та додається закінчення -es: fly flies, crycries;

3) якщо інфінітив без to закінчується на -у з попереднім голосним, додається закінчення -s: stay stays, playplays.

1. Write the verbs in the correct column in the third person singular according to the spelling rules.

Cook, study, clean, buy, teach, go, fry, like, discuss, watch, drink, help, copy, run, tidy, open, pay, catch, swim, ride, do, mix, listen, fly, wish, meet, marry, come.

-s

-es

-ies

2. Rewrite the sentences in the third person singular using the words in brackets.

1) We always help our grandparents. (Mike)

2) They like to swim in the swimming-pool. (Andy)

3) I make the best pizza in our town. (Vicky)

4) We meet our friends every weekend. (Larry)

5) I know everything about cats. (Dolly)

6) We write wonderful poems. (Nelly)

7) You understand French well. (Garry)

8) I teach my little brother to ride a bike. (Sam)

9) Children often play with the ball in the yard. (Pam)

10) Birds sing merrily in the tree. (A bird)

11) You often fly to Prague. (My cousin)

12) They always watch TV in the evening. (His mother)

13) We sometimes see him in the library. (Alice)

14) I usually wash the car on Saturday. (My father)

15) You never tell lies. (Bill)

3. Complete the sentences with the correct word in brackets.

1)... likes to watch shows on TV. (I/you/she) 2)... gather berries in the wood in summer. (he/we/it) 3)... water the flowers three times a week. (I/she/he) 4)... usually drinks tea in the morning. (I/he/they) 5) ... prefers to stay at home in the evening. (I/my sister/my cousins) 6) ... works properly. (you/the workers/my watch) 7)... never wears a scarf in winter. (Rita/we/my friends) 8)... mend the roof of the house every summer. (his uncle/you/ my grandfather) 9) ... spend winter holidays in the mountains. (her cousins/she/Fred) 10) ... sometimes goes to the theatre. (my Granny/my parents/my sisters)

4. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1) Frank sometimes ... (to drink) milk for breakfast. 2) They ... (to like) to skate in winter. 3) My friends and me sometimes ... (to walk) in the park after school. 4) His parents ... (to spend) their vacations in the countryside. 5) Her brother ... (to work) as a security officer. 6) The lessons in our school ... (to start) at eight o’clock. 7) Monica ... (to walk) her dog twice a day. 8) We sometimes ... (to play) a game of chess in the evening. 9) My Granny usually ... (to buy) vegetables at the market. 10) This show always ... (to begin) at five o’clock. 11) My cousins often ... (to visit) me at weekends. 12) Susan usually ... (to have) a shower in the morning. 13) It often ... (to rain) in autumn. 14) This car ... (to cost) too much for us. 15) You sometimes ... (to take) your children to the theme park.

5. Make up the sentences using the verbs in the correct form.

1) Amanda/fluently/English/speak. 2) Peter/go/and/skiing/ Robert/often. 3) never/in/snow/It/summer. 4) like/TV/Children/cartoons/watch/to/on. 5) aunt/at/work/hospital/My/ the. 6) to/holidays/We/in/prefer/mountains/spend/the/winter. 7)    home/sometimes/come/late/She. 8) do/together/Alice/ always/and/the shopping/Jane. 9) listen/always/in/Colin/car/music/the/to. 10) library/books/I/from/take/the/sometimes.

Заперечна форма теперішнього неозначеного часу утворюється додаванням допоміжного дієслова do/does і заперечної частки not, причому основне дієслово 3-ї особи однини закінчення -s не має.

l/we/you/they + do not (don't) + V1

He/she/it + does not (doesn't) + V1

Наприклад:

I watch TV in the evening.— I don’t watch TV in the evening.

He knows my brother.— He doesn’t know my brother.

6. Circle the correct item.

1) We don’t/doesn’t eat ice cream in winter. 2) Tony don’t/ doesn’t always go to the office by bus. 3) The Ostins don’t/doesn’t like to spend their weekends in the town. 4) Lions don’t/doesn’t eat fruit. 5) His grandparents don’t/doesn’t live in a block of flats. 6) Vicky don’t/doesn’t grow roses in her garden. 7) Butchers don’t/doesn’t sell bread. 8) Mark’s cousin don’t/doesn’t play the guitar. 9) Betty’s friend don’t/doesn’t translate articles without a dictionary. 10) You don’t/doesn’t listen to news on the radio in the evening.

7. Complete the sentences with don't or doesn't.

1) You ... understand my idea. 2) Your brother ... often wash his car. 3) My parents ... get up late on week-days. 4) I ... buy a lot of sweets for my children. 5) Kate ... know the rules of this game. 6) Carol and Pam ... eat much for breakfast. 7) Her uncle ... wear jeans. 8) My sister and me ... want to go skating.. 9) I... expect you to follow my advice. 10) Little Johnny ... like to play alone. 11) The car engine ... work properly. 12) My classmates ... take part in this competition. 13) This article ... contain any useful information. 14) These apples ... look fresh. 15) Some people ... like to travel by plane.

8. Make the sentences negative.

1) Martin often goes fishing in summer. 2) You always buy fresh newspapers. 3) His mother bakes tasty pies. 4) This fruit salad tastes delicious. 5) Pineapples grow in trees. 6) My dog eats tomatoes and pears. 7) People know a lot about the life on other planets. 8) I always travel with my grandparents. 9) They plant flowers and trees every spring. 10) Girls always like to do the washing-up.

9. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1) The weather usually ... (to change) in the morning. 2) Roses always ... (to smell) nice. 3) These children ... (not to make) much noise. 4) Harry and Sue ... (not to know) how to use your camera. 5) Nick ... (to prefer) to spend this weekend with us. 6) Mary .... (not to listen) to folk music. 7) Gordon ... (not to like) strong coffee. 8) His nephew ... (to write) science fiction stories. 9)     My watch ... (to show) the correct time. 10) Sportsmen ... (to train) a lot to win this championship. 11) You ... (not to put) things on their places. 12) This festival ... (to take) place in Edinburgh. 13) Most of the women ... (to enjoy) doing the shopping. 14) Whales ... (not to live) in rivers and lakes. 15) Mrs Davis always ... (to take care) of all the dogs and cats in the neighbourhood.

10. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form and learn the proverbs.

1) All roads ... (to lead) to Rome.

2) Dog ... (not to eat) dog.

3) The end ... (to crown) the work.

4) God ... (to help) those who ... (to help) themselves.

5) Many hands ... (to make) light work.

6) One swallow ... (not to make) a summer.

7) The last drop ... (to make) the cup run over.

8) The appetite ... (to come) with eating.

Питальна форма теперішнього неозначеного часу (загальне запитання) утворюється за допомогою допоміжного дієслова do/does, що розташовується на початку речення перед підметом, причому основне дієсловo 3-ї особи однини закінчення -s не має. Відповіді на такі запитання даються короткі, з використанням тих самих допоміжних дієслів.

Do + l/we/you/they + V1? Yes, l/we/you/they do. No, l/we/you/ they don't.

Does + he/she/it + V1? — Yes, he/she/it does. No, he/she/it doesn't.

Наприклад:

They study English.— Do they study English? — Yes, they do. No, they don’t.

She plays the piano well.— Does she play the piano well? — Yes, she does. No, she doesn't.

11. Complete the sentences with do or does.

1)... the cats eat sweets? 2)... Dolly use the Internet? 3)... your car move fast? 4) ... these flowers cost much? 5) ... you always travel alone? 6) ... your niece go to university? 7) ... Garry and Ron attend the same sport club? 8) ... his dog like fish? 9) ... Sandra often do the washing-up? 10) ... all her classmates wear uniform? 11) ... your parents watch sport programmes? 12) ... her cousin understand the words of this song? 13) ... the Earth go around the Sun? 14) ... the postmen deliver the newspapers?

12. Complete the questions with do or does and give short true answers to the questions.

1) ... you like to travel?

2) ... your friend go in for sports?

3) ... your parents like to play computer games?

4) ... your father drive a car?

5) ... your mother watch the news on TV in the evening?

6) ... your classmates always come to school in time?

7) ... your grandparents live in the country?

8) ... your mother often meet her friends?

9) ... you have a dream?

10) ... you often visit your grandparents?

13. Make the sentences interrogative.

1) Liz and her sister often go skating to the skating-rink.

2) Our teacher always prepares us for tests.

3) Her dog likes to sleep on the sofa.

4) We usually make photos for the school newspaper.

5) Den often goes on a ride with his friends.

6) Ted and Victor prefer to travel by car.

7) It often rains in spring.

8) His sister runs a small cafe.

9) The Harrods usually visit their relatives in the country.

10) All children like sweets and ice cream.

14. Put the words into correct order to make up sentences.

1) help/sister/with/your/washing-up/Does/you?

2) on/early/He/Sunday/up/hates/get/to.

3) much/the/don’t/seaside/at/We/time/spend.

4) changes/spring/The/often/in/weather.

5) you/relatives/visit/Do/often/your?

6) phone/doesn’t/my/He/number/know.

7) any/in/vegetables/grandparents/summer/her/Do/grow?

8) often/trips/towns/goes/cousin/to/business/My/on/other.

9) you/before/hands/always/wash/Do/meals/your?

10) sugar/drink/My/without/tea/doesn’t/mother.

15. Complete the joke with the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

A little child is reciting poems to the guests. Then one lady ... (to ask) the boy kindly, «... you ... (to like) reciting poems, dear?»

The boy ... (to look) at her and ... (to answer) politely, «Oh, no, I... (to hate) it. But mummy ... (to make) me do it when she ... (to want) people to go».

Складаючи спеціальні запитання у теперішньому неозначеному часі, слова розташовують у такому порядку: питальне слово (Wh-word), допоміжне дієслово do/does, підмет, основне дієслово (без закінчення -S у 3-й особі однини).

Wh-word + do + l/we/you/they + V1?

Wh-word + does + he/she/it + V1?

Запам'ятайте питальні слова: who, what, where, when, why, which, whose, whom, how, how many/much.

Наприклад:

What do you do in the evening?

Where does he go in summer?

How do they work there?

Запитання до підмета утворюються без допоміжних дієслів, а основне дієслово обов'язково має закінчення -s:

Who knows this girl?

Whose friend likes going to the cinema?

16. Write questions to the sentences using the question words in brackets.

1) They always go for a walk in the evening. (Where?) 2) She prefers to buy new clothes on sales. (What?) 3) He usually meets his friends after school. (When?) 4) She buys fresh magazines because her daughter enjoys reading them. (Why?) 5) This babysitter looks after children very carefully. (How?) 6) Her uncle often tells about his adventures during the expeditions. (Who?) 7)    This lady usually buys two kilos of sugar. (How much?) 8) My little brother rides his bike in the afternoon. (Whose?) 9) Nelly usually puts her key into the box. (Where?) 10) They need this article to write the report. (Why?)

17. Write questions to the underlined words.

1) Young leaves appear in the trees in spring.

2) My parents usually leave home early.

3) She understands German very well.

4) We need three apples for the fruit salad.

5) The cat looks at the sausage because it is hungry.

6) Mike helps his parents to clean the flat.

7) The boy wants to get the toy from the shelf.

18. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1) Where ... your brother usually ... (to go) after classes? — He usually ... (to go) to the swimming-pool. He ... (to have) trainings four times a week. 2) Why ... your sister always ... (to get up) so early in the morning? — Because she ... (to help) my mother to cook breakfast for the whole family.— ... you ... (not to cook) breakfast for yourself? — No, I .... I usually ... (to walk) the dog before going to school. 3) What ... you usually ... (to do) on Saturdays? — Well, in the morning I ... (to go) shopping with my mother and then I ... (to take) my younger sister to the Art Studio. She ... (to paint) very well and ... (to dream) of becoming a designer.— ... you ... (to meet) your friends on Saturdays? — Of course, I... . We often ... (to go) to the cinema or to the disco on Saturday evenings. 4) Why ... Fred ... (to need) to buy flowers? — It... (tо be) his sister’s birthday today. She ... (to love) flowers and Fred ... (to believe) it ... (to be) the best present for her. 5) What time ... this programme ... (to start)? — It always ... (to start) at eight in the evening.— ...you always ... (to watch) it? — No, I ...(not always to watch) it because sometimes I have to meet my younger brother at the tram stop. He often ... (to return) from the football training at this time.

19. Complete the joke with the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

A young woman ... (to want) to become a singer and ... (to train) every evening for an hour. She ... (to notice) that her husband always ... (to go) to the balcony while she ... (to sing). «Why ... you ... (to go) to the balcony when I ... (to sing)?» she ... (to ask) him. «... you ... (not to like) to hear me singing?» «It ... (not to be) that», her husband ... (to answer). «I just ... (to want) my neighbours to see that I... (not to beat) my wife».

20. Translate into English.

1) Коли ти прокидаєшся? Зазвичай я прокидаюсь о сьомій.

2) Яку музику любить слухати твій друг? — Він слухає рок-музику.

3) Що вона готує на вечерю? — Вона часто готує курку з овочами.

4) Влітку сонце заходить пізно.

5) Ми рідко виїжджаємо за місто на вихідні.

6) Його бабуся не вирощує овочі. Вона вирощує квіти.

7) Вони не знають мого розкладу.

8) Тут часто іде дощ о цій порі року.

9) Ти знаєш її адресу? — На жаль, ні.

10) Що ви робите ввечері? — Мої батьки дивляться телевізор, я граю на комп’ютері, а сестра розмовляє по телефону з подругами.

11) Куди твій двоюрідний брат їздить улітку? — Він завжди відвідує дідуся та бабусю. Вони живуть у селі. Моєму братові подобається їздити туди. У нього там багато друзів. Вони купаються в річці та їздять верхи на конях.

12) Робочий день твоєї сестри починається рано? — Так. Вона виходить з дому о пів на восьму. Магазин, де вона працює, далеко від нашого будинку. Вона зазвичай їде на автобусі.

13) Які книжки ти любиш читати? — Я дуже люблю читати детективи, але іноді я читаю історичні романи.— Ти любиш читати пригодницькі оповідання? — Ні, моя сестра любить.





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