Англійська мова. Граматичний практикум: збірник граматичних вправ для середнього рівня - 2018

ДІЄСЛОВО (THE VERB)

ТЕПЕРІШНІЙ ТРИВАЛИЙ ЧАС (THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE)

Теперішній тривалий час вживається для описання дії, що відбувається під час мовлення. При цьому можуть називатися такі обставини часу: now, at the moment, today.

Стверджувальна форма теперішнього тривалого часу утворюється таким чином:

І + am + Ving

He/she/it + is + Ving

You/we/they + are + Ving

Наприклад:

l am (I'm) reading a book now.

He is (He’s) speaking to his friend now.

We are (We're) cooking supper now.

Правила правопису дієслів із закінченням -іng такі:

1) якщо односкладове або двоскладове дієслово закінчується в інфінітиві на приголосний із попереднім наголошеним голосним, при додаванні закінчення кінцевий приголосний подвоюється: put putting, run running, permitpermitting;

2) якщо дієслово в інфінітиві закінчується на -е, вона випадає при додаванні закінчення: dance dancing, bake baking;

3) якщо дієслово в інфінітиві закінчується на -І, при додаванні закінчення цей приголосний подвоюється: travel travelling.

Запам’ятайте!

Lie lying, die — dying.

1. Add -ing to the following verbs.

Work, swim, come, play, lie, tell, get, take, cut, drink, make, hit, sleep, try, look, walk, serve, eat, die, sit, cry, ski, travel, smile, begin, prepare, stop, listen, shave.

2. Complete the sentences with am, is, are.

1) Frank and Martin ... watching a TV show now. 2) Kelly ... washing her dress in the bathroom. 3) Our teacher ... writing something on the blackboard. 4) It ... getting dark. 5) The birds ... singing sweetly in the garden. 6) I... preparing for my report at the moment. 7) The children ... decorating the hall for the party. 8) The wind ... blowing now. 9) People ... speaking quietly in the conference-hall. 10) You ... waiting for the call.

3. Make up as many sentences as you can using the table.

I

doing homework.

You

am

riding a bike.

Ann

setting the table for dinner.

Peter

is

listening to news.

Den and Ted

are

planting flowers.

We

playing with the dog.

4. Make up sentences using the Present Continuous Tense.

1) I/play/tennis/with/my/friend/now. 2) We/walk/on/the/beach/now. 3) They/have/a/great/time/at/the/camp/at/the/ moment. 4) Angela/paint/a/beautiful/picture/now. 5) Tina/ and/Pam/stay/in/a/five-star/hotel. 6) It/rain/outdoors/at/the/ moment. 7) Bobby/prepare/for/the/test/in/his/room. 8) The/ dog/bark/at/some/strangers. 9) The/water/in/the/kettle/boil.

10) Somebody/knock/at/the/door. 11) The/children/still/sleep. 12) You/watch/the/sunset/now. 13) The/girls/choose/the/ costumes/for/the/party. 14) We/wait/for/the/bus/at/the/ bus-stop. 15) A/little/girl/cry.

5. Complete the text with the verbs from the box using the Present Continuous Tense.

talk, hurry, take, run, have, open, discuss, drink, come, hold, play, dance, ring

Today my little sister Beth ... a birthday party. Our house is full of guests. Aunt Martha ... with our mother. They ... a new film with Brad Pitt. Uncle James... chess with our grandfather. Beth ... her presents. Her friends Liz and Kate ... in the middle of the room and Paul ... lemonade. The door bell ... . Granny ... to the door. Our cousin Steve ... into the room. He ... a big bouquet of lilies and a colourful box. Beth ... up to him and ... the presents. She is so happy!

Заперечна форма теперішнього тривалого часу утворюється з використанням допоміжного дієслова am/is/are, заперечної частки not та основного дієслова із закінченням -іng.

I + am not + Ving

He/she/it + isn't + Ving

We/you/they + aren't + Ving

Наприклад:

I’m making a sandwich now.— I'm not making a sandwich now.

She is reading a letter.— She isn't reading a letter.

We are eating ice cream.— We aren't eating ice cream.

6. Make the sentences negative.

1) Molly is translating an article. 2) Jack and Sam are gathering pears in the garden. 3) It is getting warm. 4) We are climbing a mountain. 5) You are playing basketball now. 6) The children are washing hands in the bathroom. 7) My grandfather is reading a newspaper now. 8) My family is having supper now. 9) Angela is ironing her dress now. 10) I’m looking for my kitten now.

7. Complete the sentences as in the example.

Example: Tim isn’t reading now. (to sleep) +

Tim isn't reading now. He is sleeping.

Colin and Den are playing now. (to work) -

Colin and Den are playing now. They aren't working.

1) Pupils aren’t writing a dictation now. (to translate the text) +

2) Margaret is washing the dishes, (to sweep the floor) -

3) The days are getting shorter, (to get longer) -

4) My Granny isn’t reading a magazine, (to watch TV) +

5) My friend and me are sunbathing, (to swim) -

6) The kitten isn’t sleeping, (toplay) +

7) Greg and his boss aren’t having lunch, (to read a report) +

8) Cliff and Julia are preparing for the test, (to dance at the disco) -

9) My father isn’t washing his car. (to dig in the garden) +

10) I’m not learning a poem now. (to write an essay) +

11) You are skating now. (to play snowballs) -

12) I’m drinking tea now. (to drink coffee) -

13) My father and me aren’t listening to music now. (to listen to news) +

8. Look at the picture and correct the sentences.

Example: Father and Jim are cooking supper.— No, father and Jim aren't cooking supper. They are putting the tent.

Phil and Tim are peeling potatoes. Mother and Susan are reading a newspaper. Granny is fishing. Grandpa is putting the tent.

9. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1) Alice and Ron ... (to sit) in a cafe now. 2) It ... (not to snow) outdoors now. 3) We... (to wait) for our teacher in the classroom. 4) I ... (to watch) the children playing in the yard. 5) The girls ... (to argue) about what present to buy for Lewis. 6) Andrew ... (not to have) a rest at the moment. 7) Look! All the people ... (to come) into the hall. 8) Unfortunately our experiment... (not to go) according to the plan. 9) Pam ... (to stand) too close to the road. 10) The students ... (not to have) a lecture now. 11) Her health ... (to improve) day after day. 12) The rainforests ... (to disappear) from our planet nowadays. 13) The baby-sitter ... (not to look) after the child because the child ... (to sleep) now. 14) Look! The guide ... (to point) at some ancient building. 15) I... (not to discuss) this question now.

Питальна форма теперішнього тривалого часу (загальні запитання) утворюється з використанням допоміжного дієслова am/is/are, що розташовується на початку речення перед підметом, та основного дієслова із закінченням -іng.

Am + / + Ving?

Is + he/she/it + Ving?

Are + we/you/they + Ving?

Відповіді на такі запитання даються короткі, із використанням тих самих допоміжних дієслів:

I'm washing ту hands.Are you washing your hands? — Yes, I am./ No, I'm not.

He is swimming.— Is he swimming? — Yes, he is./No, he isn’t.

are working.— Are they working? — Yes, they are./No, they aren't.

10. Make the sentences interrogative.

1) We are gathering apples in the garden. 2) Mary is listening to music now. 3) I’m sweeping the floor in the kitchen. 4) The cat is running after the mouse. 5) The boys are making a plane. 6) The wind is getting stronger. 7) You’re building a nice house. 8) I’m taking a bath now. 9) A woman is feeding the chickens. 10) They are trying to catch a taxi.

11. Give short answers to the questions.

1) Is she peeling the potatoes? — Yes.. 2) Are they walking in the park? — No, ... . 3) Are you watching TV? — Yes, ... . 4) Is Martin washing the car? — No, ... . 5) Are Jane and Molly cleaning their rooms? — Yes, ... . 6) Is the washing-machine working? — No, ... . 7) Are you reading a magazine? — No, .... 8) Is Victor writing a report? — Yes ... . 9) Is Ann typing a document? — No, .... 10) Is the sun shining? — Yes, ....

12. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1) ... Anna ... (to type) the documents? — No, .... She ... (to speak) to her boss. 2) ... it ... (to get cold)?.— Yes, ... . And the wind ... (to get) stronger. 3) ... you ... (to look) through the papers? — No, I... . I... (to write) a report for the conference now. 4)... Bill and Mike ... (to mend) the fence? — Yes,.... 5)... your parents and you ... (to rest) in the country house? — No, ... . We ... (to spend) our weekend at the seaside. 6) ... Edgar ... (to play) a computer game? — Yes, ... . 7)... the phone ... (to ring)? — No, .... Somebody ... (to ring) the door bell. 8)... your grandparents ... (to rest)? — No, .... My grandparents ... (to work) in the kitchen garden. 9) ... the kitten ... (to sleep)? — No, .... The kitten ... (to hide) somewhere. 10) ... you ... (to slice) cheese? — No, I.... I... (to mix) the vegetable salad.

13. Put the words into correct order to make up sentences.

1) gathering/forest/We/the/mushrooms/are/in.

2) horses/are/The/not/now/boys/riding/the.

3) breakfast/sister/now/your/having/Is?

4) whitewashing/garden/the/They/in/trees/are/the.

5) me/waiting/Are/for/you?

6) having/not/now/is/lunch/Roger.

7) to/teacher/speaking/Our/them/is/now.

8) carpet/the/Vicky/Is/the/vacuuming/ living-room/in?

9) is/coffee/Helen/for/making/not/me.

10) friend/going/and/My/are/the/me/cinema/to.

11) The/new/concert/learning/children/a/for/song/are/the.

12) is/now/brother/for/His/looking/not/work.

13) you/hall/the/hanging/in/the/Are/garlands?

14) the/in/dusting/is/now/sister/furniture/bedroom/the/My.

15) party/Everybody/the/enjoying/is.

14. Translate into English.

1) Вони зараз прикрашають кімнату. 2) Він чекає на мене? 3) Ми зараз не готуємо вечерю. Ми прибираємо кухню. 4) Анна не плаває зараз. Вона грає у волейбол зі своїми друзями. 5) Ви слухаєте мене? — Так, я слухаю вас уважно. 6) Зараз я відпочиваю у саду. 7) Мій брат шукає якусь інформацію для свого проекту. 8) Вони зараз не фарбують дах будинку. Вони ремонтують ворота. 9) Джейн зараз приймає душ? — Ні, вона готує сніданок. 10) Ви миєте руки? — Так. 11) Твої друзі готуються до концерту? — Так, вони зараз обговорюють костюми. 12) Надворі йде дощ.

Складаючи спеціальні запитання у теперішньому тривалому часі, слова розташовують у такому порядку: питальне слово (Wh-word), допоміжне дієслово (am/is/are), підмет, основне дієслово (із закінченням -іng).

Wh-word + am + I + Ving?

Wh-word + is + he/she/it +Ving?

Wh-word + are + you/we/they + Ving?

Наприклад:

What are you doing now?

Where is she going?

Whom are they talking to?

Запитання до підмета утворюються тільки за допомогою допоміжного дієслова is:

We are playing in the yard.— Who is playing in the yard?

15. Make up as many questions as you can usinq the table.

I

playing football?

What

am

Mary

painting the car?

Where

the boys

cooking for dinner?

Why

is

are

your father

swimming now?

How

Sam and Tom

driving?

telling you about it?

16. Write the questions to the sentences using the question words in brackets.

1) Fred is reading a magazine in his room. (What? Where?) 2) Sally and Jessica are going to the market. 9Who? Where?) 3) I am watching an interesting film. (What kind of film?) 4) We are singing karaoke in the park. (Who? What to do?) 5) She is speaking to the waiter now. (Whom?) 6) The child is drinking juice now. (Who? What?) 7) You are typing very quickly now. (Who? How?) 8) My classmates are playing basketball in the gym. (Where?)

17. Complete the joke with the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

Mother asked little Kate, «What ... your sister Mary ... (to do)?» «Well, if the ice is as thick as she thinks it is, she ... (to skate). But if the ice is as thin as I think, she ... (to swim)».

Конструкція to be going to (збиратися щось робити) вживається у теперішньому тривалому часі для вираження наміру щось зробити у найближчому майбутньому:

They are going to move to a new flat next week.

She is going to buy a new dress.

Конструкція going to go зазвичай скорочується до going to.

Not: They are going to go to the seaside.

But: They are going to the seaside.

Not: He is going to go to the swimming-pool.

But: He is going to the swimming-pool.

18. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1) Where ... Roger ... (to go)? — He ... (to go) to the exhibition. 2) What... you ...(to drink)? — I... (to drink) apple juice. 3) Who ...(to ride) a bike over there? — My neighbour Mike is. 4) Why ... Dolly and Cathy ...(to look) through the magazines? — Because they ... (to look) for some information for their report. 5) ... it ... (to snow) outdoors? — Yes, .... It... (to snow) very hard and it... (to get) colder. 6) Whom ... he ... (to speak) to? — He ... (to speak) to his uncle. They ... (to discuss) what present to buy for Granny. 7)... Helen ... (to go) to her office now? — No, .... She ... (to have) a day off today. 8) What... they ... (to do)? — They ... (to repair) a motorbike. 9) Where ... you ... (to hurry)? — I... (to hurry) to the concert. My husband ... (to wait) for me near the concert hall. 10) Who ... (to prepare) the performance in the Assembly hall? — My classmates ... (to have) a rehearsal there now.

19. Complete the joke with the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

An old gentleman wearing an expensive suit ... (to sit) on a bench in the park. He ... (to enjoy) a warm spring day. A little boy ... (to lie) on the green grass opposite him. The boy ... (to look) at the gentleman very attentively. «What is the matter, sonny?» asks the gentleman. «Why ... you ... (not to play) with other children?» «Don’t want to», the boy replies. «But why ... you ... (not to run) about?» insists the old gentleman. «I... (Just to wait)», answers the boy. «I ... (just to wait) till you get up. A man painted this bench twenty minutes ago».

20. Translate into English.

1) На кого ви чекаєте? Я чекаю на своїх батьків. Ми зараз ідемо вибирати подарунок на мій день народження. 2) Що вона робить? — Вона саджає квіти. 3) Ви дивитесь новини? — Ні, я дивлюсь спортивні змагання. 4) 3 ким розмовляє ваш брат? — Він розмовляє зі своєю вчителькою. 5) Про що він розповідає? — Він розповідає про свій відпочинок у горах.

6) Що вони дивляться? — Вони дивляться мої весільні фотографії. 7) Куди поспішає твоя сестра? — Вона поспішає у кіно. 8) Як ви збираєтеся провести вихідні? — Ми збираємося поїхати за місто. 9) Коли твій брат збирається відремонтувати велосипед? — Він збирається відремонтувати його наступного тижня. 10) Зараз іде дощ? — Ні, на вулиці теплішає.





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