Англійська мова. Граматичний практикум: збірник граматичних вправ для середнього рівня - 2018

ДІЄСЛОВО (THE VERB)

ТЕПЕРІШНІЙ НЕОЗНАЧЕНИЙ ЧИ ТЕПЕРІШНІЙ ТРИВАЛИЙ ЧАС? (THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE OR THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE!)

Теперішній неозначений час вживається у таких випадках.

Теперішній тривалий час вживається у таких випадках.

1) Для позначення постійних дій чи станів:

She lives in this house.

2) Для вираження повторюваних дій, особливо якщо поруч називаються прислівники, що вказують на частоту дій:

Не sometimes goes to the cinema.

3) Коли йдеться про загальновідомі факти, закони природи тощо:

The Moon goes around the Earth.

4) Коли йдеться про розклади:

The bus arrives at five o'clock.

Запам'ятайте обставини часу, що вживаються у теперішньому неозначеному часі: always, every, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, seldom, from time to time, never, etc.

1) Для позначення дій, що відбуваються під час мовлення:

The boys are playing football now.

2) Для опису тимчасових ситуацій:

They are looking for a baby-sitter.

3) Коли йдеться про дії, заплановані на найближче майбутнє та які обов'язково відбудуться:

We are moving to a new flat next week.

Запам’ятайте обставини часу, що вживаються у теперішньому тривалому часі: now, at the moment, today, at present, tonight, etc.

1. Read the sentences and explain the usage of the Present Simple or Present Continuous.

1) They seldom go out for dinner. 2) Doctors cure sick people.

3) I’m having a lecture tomorrow. 4) The performance starts at seven o’clock in the evening. 5) The Sharons are travelling around Europe. 6) My elder brother goes to university. 7) She is looking after the children in the sandpit now.

2. Circle the correct item.

1) They often visit/are visiting their relatives. 2) We enjoy/are enjoying hot weather in summer. 3) She speaks/is speaking on the phone now. 4) My mother works/is working in the bank. 5) Look! The boys fight/are fighting. 6) Bobby works/is working in the library at the moment. 7) I often take/am taking a bus to get to the office. 8) Listen! Nick plays/is playing the guitar. 9) I check/am checking my e-mail from time to time. 10) The train departs/is departing at eight in the evening. 11) We buy/ are buying bread at the baker’s. 12) My mother has/is having a cup of coffee with her friend now. 13) My cousin visits/ is visiting us this week. 14) They have/are having a party tonight. 15) I never drink/am drinking milk. 16) The news programme starts/is starting at nine o’clock. 17) Pupils go/are going to school on the 1st of September. 18) Today is Sunday and we go/are going to the skating-rink. 19) Margaret always dances/is dancing well. 20) You meet/are meeting your lawyer today.

3. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

1) Jack often ... (to wait) for me after classes. 2) Jack ... (to wait) for his friend at the bus stop now. 3) Linda and Kelly sometimes ... (to go) shopping on Saturday. 4) It is Saturday and Linda ... (to go) shopping with her cousin Kelly. 5) We ... (to buy) fresh bread every day. 6) I’m at the baker’s now and I ... (to buy) a big cake. 7) The train ... (to arrive) at eleven o’clock. 8) It is eleven o’clock and the train ... (to arrive) at the station. 9) Be quiet! Father ... (to write) a report now. He often ... (to write) reports about the results of his work. 10) Take your umbrella. It... (to rain) heavily. 11) It often ... (to rain) in autumn. 12) The pupils ... (to ask) the teacher questions on the topic now. 13) This pupil seldom ... (to ask) questions during the lessons. 14) Den ... (not to sleep) now. He ... (to prepare) for his English test. 15) Sandy usually ... (not to come) home late. 16) We ... (not to give) ice cream to the child every day. 17) The boys ... (not to boat) now. They ... (to dive). 18) My father’s friend ... (to come) to our town tomorrow. 19) Fish ... (not to fly), they ... (to swim). 20) I... (not to vacuum) the carpet now. I... (to dust) the furniture.

4. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

It is a lesson in a primary school. The teacher ... (to give) her class a lecture on mottoes (девіз). She ... (to write) a motto «It is better to give than to receive» on the blackboard. «Pupils, remember this motto», she ... (to say). At this moment a small boy ... (to cry) out, «Yes, Miss, my father always ... (to say) that he ... (to use) this motto in his work».

«How noble of him! What is your father?» «He is a boxer, Miss».

5. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

1) What... you usually ... (to do) after classes? — I sometimes ... (to play) basketball with my friend but usually I ... (to hurry) home.

2) What... your sister ... (to do) now? — She ... (to walk) with her friends. She often ... (to go) for a walk when she ... (to have) nothing to do about the house.

3) Where ... Sam ... (to go) on Sundays? — Well, he usually ... (to meet) his friends and they ... (to go) to the cinema or to the sports ground. But this Sunday Sam ... (to translate) the text for tomorrow’s English lesson.

4) How often ... your sister ... (to go) to the Art Studio? — She ... (to go) there three times a week.

5) What ... you ... (to eat)? — I ... (to eat) a strawberry cake. My Granny always ... (to bake) tasty cakes.

6) What ... Nelly ... (to type)? — She ... (to type) аn important document for her boss. He often ... (to ask) her to type documents.

7) Who ... (to call) you now? — It ... (to be) my mother. She always ... (to phone) me in the afternoon when I... (to come) home from school.

8) What... Diana ... (to do) in the kitchen? — She ... (to make) tea for us. We always ... (to drink) tea at this time.

6. Translate into English.

1) Вони зараз готуються до змагань у спортивній залі.

2) Моя сестра часто телефонує своїм подругам.

3) Що ви робите? — Я роблю подарунок братові на день народження.

4) Коли прибуває автобус? — Він прибуває о п’ятій.

5) Кому ви готуєте обід? — Я готую обід сину. Він завжди повертається додому в цей час.

6) 3 ким вона розмовляє? — Вона розмовляє з тіткою.

7) Він пише? Що він пише? — Він готує статтю для наукового журналу.

8) Чому ти смієшся? — Я слухаю інтерв’ю з відомим комедійним актором. Він зараз розповідає одну дуже кумедну історію.

9) Ден ще спить? — Ні. Він завжди встає дуже рано. Він зараз миє посуд після сніданку. * I

Запам'ятайте дієслова, які не вживаються в теперішньому тривалому часі, але вживаються в теперішньому неозначеному:

to be, to believe, to belong, to cost, to feel, to forget, to have (= to possess), to hate, to hear, to hope, to know, to like, to love, to mean, to need, to prefer, to realise, to remember, to recognize, to see, to seem, to smell, to sound, to suppose, to taste, to think, to understand, to want, to wish, etc.

Наприклад:

I hear you well now. She doesn't understand you.

7. Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the Present Simple or Present Continuous as in the example.

Example: Mike ... a bar of chocolate at the moment. He ...

milk chocolate without nuts, (to prefer, to choose) —

Mike is choosing a bar of chocolate at the moment.

He prefers milk chocolate without nuts.

1) Helen and Betty ... for the test. They ... that the results of this test are very important for their future education. (to prepare, to understand)

2) Witty ... tea for us. Please, tell her that I... strong tea. (not to like, to make)

3) Ted and I... to Susan’s party. I... we won’t be late. (to hope, to hurry)

4) My secretary ... to remind me about the meeting. I often ... about such things. (to phone, to forget)

5)    What... you ...? This dish ... very tasty! (to cook, to smell)

6) They ... to catch a taxi. They ... to miss the plane. (not to want, to try)

7) We ... shopping. We ... to buy some food for supper. (to need, to go)

8) Whose dictionary ... you ...? This one ... to me. (to belong, to take)

9)    Whom ... Tim... to? I ... this woman. (to talk, not to recognize)

8. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

Mother: Hello, honey! How are you?

Jane: Hi, Mum! We ... (to be) fine. Where ... (to be) you?

M: I... (to be) in the train. What... you ... (to do) Jane?

J: Well, I... (to write) an essay about my winter holidays. You ... (to know) our teacher often ... (to ask) us to write essays.

M: And what ... Paul ... (to do)? ... he ... (to want) to speak to me?

J: Paul ... (to listen) to music in his room. The music ... (to play) so loudly that I ... (to be) afraid he ... (not to hear) anything.

M: OK. And what... father ... (to do)?

J: He ... (to try) to cook something in the kitchen. I... (to think) he ... (to want) to make a surprise for you.

M: It ... (to sound) impressive. I ... (to hope) he ... (to remember) to meet me at the station tomorrow morning.

J: Sure, he ... . What time ... the train ... (to arrive)?

M: It... (to arrive) at seven o’clock in the morning.

J: Good. Then see you tomorrow morning, Mum. Have a good trip!

M: Bye, dear!

9. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense and read the joke.

It is evening. Vicky’s father ... (to go) along the corridor to the bathroom. Suddenly he ... (to hear) his daughter speaking to somebody in the bathroom in a kind voice. He ... (to open) the door quietly. Little Vicky ... (to hold) a cat in her arms and ... (to clean) its teeth with his tooth-brush. «What ... it ... (to mean), Vicky?» father ... (to shout). «Why ... you ... (to clean) the cat’s teeth? Cats ... (not to clean) teeth!» «But, father, you always ... (to say) that everybody ... (to clean) teeth. So we ... (to clean) our teeth with this tooth-brush every evening».

10. Translate into English.

1) Ця страва смакує добре. 2) Що ти робиш? — Я шукаю слово у словнику. Я не розумію, що воно означає. 3) Мені здається, ця машина рухається дуже повільно. 4) Вибачте, я не чую, що ви говорите. 5) Я сподіваюся, Рита зараз готує вечерю. 6) Я не знаю, як вам допомогти зараз. 7) Скільки коштує цей капелюх? 8) Куди вона телефонує? — Вона телефонує своєму лікарю. їй потрібна його допомога. 9) Куди ви хочете піти зараз? — Ми збираємося піти до зоопарку. Діти люблять дивитися на тварин. 10) Чому ваш хлопчик зараз не грає у баскетбол? — Він ненавидить цю гру. 11) Вона зараз обідає? — Так. Її перерва закінчується о другій. 12) Де твої батьки? — Вони зараз відвідують тітку. 13) Ці квіти пахнуть чудово. Я люблю запах квітів.

Деякі дієслова, які зазвичай не вживаються в теперішньому тривалому часі, можуть вживатися у ньому, якщо вони змінюють своє значення.

Порівняйте:

Теперішній неозначений час (Present Simple Tense)

Теперішній тривалий час (Present Continuous Tense)

I think it's a reasonable plan. (= я так вважаю)

The butter tastes horrible.

(= масло погано смакує)

1 see that you are very busy. (= я розумію)

He comes from Germany.

(= він народився у Німеччині) The rose smells nice.

(= у троянди приємний запах) She looks nice.

(= вона виглядає)

I love summer.

(= люблю взагалі)

The baby weighs 8 kilos.

(= має вагу)

Liz is very kind.

(= взагалі)

I'm thinking about your plan.

(= я роздумую)

She is tasting the salad.

(= вона куштує)

I'm seeing my dentist today.

(= я зустрічаюсь, відвідую)

He is coming from Germany.

(= він повертається з Німеччини) She is smelling the meat.

(= вона нюхає)

She's looking at the window.

(= вона дивиться)

I’m loving these summer holidays. (= насолоджуюсь зараз) The salesman is weighing potatoes. (= зважує)

Liz is being very kind these days. (= вона поводиться (незвичайна поведінка))

Порівняйте:

Не has got a car. (has got = owns; машина належить йому)

Не is having a bath now. (is having = is taking; він приймає ванну; have не має значення «належить»)

11. Circle the correct item.

1) All schoolchildren love/are loving holidays. 2) Why does she taste/is she tasting this fish? 3) Wait a min'ute. The saleswoman weighs/is weighing cheese for me. 4) The apples smell/are smelling especially delicious in autumn. 5) Tony is/ is being a generous boy. 6) We love/are loving this party. 7) This suitcase is very heavy. It weighs/is weighing more than six kilos. 8) Your brother looks/is looking very serious in the suit. 9) Honey tastes/is tasting sweet. 10) What do you look I are you looking at? 11) My mother comes/is coming from Paris now. 12) She thinks/is thinking about your offer. 13) The dog smells/ is smelling your shoes in the hall. 14) I think/am thinking you’re wrong. 15) You are/are being very lazy these days. 16) They are Italian. They come/are coming from Italy.

12. Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets in the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense as in the example.

Example: As she ... from Greece her native language is

Greek. She ... from Spain by plane, (to come) —

As she comes from Greece her native language is

Greek. She is coming from Spain by plane.

1) My parents ... about your idea. They ... your idea isn’t so bad. (to think) 2) I can’t speak because I ... hot meat. My Granny ... the dishes when she cooks them. (to taste) 3) You ... wonderful today! We ... at this beautiful picture. (to look) 4) All the members of my family ... Christmas. I ... Christmas this year. (to love) 5) We ... you have no time. We ... our uncle tonight. (to see) 6) Nigel ... a younger brother. Nigel ... a Geography lesson at the moment. (to have) 7) Why ... you ... my hands? I... horrible today. (to feel) 8) Some animals ... unpleasant. He ... the air. (to smell)

13. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense and read the joke.

A man ... (to come) up to the saleswoman in the supermarket. He ... (to give) her a bag with five tomatoes to weigh. The saleswoman ... (to put) the bag on the scales and ... (to push) some buttons. Suddenly she ... (to open) the bag, ... (to take) tomatoes one by one and ... (to weigh) every tomato. «... your scales ... (not to work) properly?» the man ... (to ask). «Why ... you ... (not to weigh) the tomatoes together?» «... (not to make) me laugh, young man», the saleswoman ... (to reply). «All the tomatoes ... (to be) of different size!»

14. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

— Hello, Lucy! You ... (to look) so beautiful in anew dress!

— Hi, Kate! Sorry, I... (not to have) much time to talk.

— Where ... you ... (to hurry)?

— You ... (to see), a friend of mine ... (to come) to visit me. His plane ... (to arrive) at half past six. I... (to go) to the airport now.

— Where ... your friend ... (to come) from?

— He ... (to be) Italian and he ... (not to understand) a word of Ukrainian.

— Really! You should hurry then.

— Yes. I ... (to think) I’ll take a taxi. By the way, we ... (to have) a small party tomorrow. I ... (to want) to introduce Roberto to my friends. Can you come tomorrow?

— Of course I can. This ... (to sound) great!

— Good! I... (to hope) we’ll have a lot of fun!

15. Translate into English.

1) Ти виглядаєш дуже щасливою на цій фотографії. 2) Ці парфуми приємно пахнуть. 3) Що він нюхає? 4) Чому він дивиться на цю картину? 5) Я розумію, що вони дуже втомились. 6) Ця кава гірка на смак. 7) Подивись, як малюк смакує морозиво! 8) Він сьогодні зустрічається зі своїм майбутнім босом. 9) Звідки повертаються твої друзі? — Вони повертаються з Польщі. 10) Мій молодший брат якийсь дуже спокійний сьогодні. 11) Вона дуже любить вихідні. 12) Продавець зважує яблука. 13) Я насолоджуюся цим днем. 14) Твоя сестра — дуже ввічлива дівчинка. 15) Ці персики важать два кілограми.





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