Англійська мова. Граматичний практикум: збірник граматичних вправ для середнього рівня - 2018

ДІЄСЛОВО (THE VERB)

СПОСОБИ ВИРАЖЕННЯ МАЙБУТНЬОГО ЧАСУ (MEANS OF EXPRESSING FUTURE ACTIONS)

Майбутній неозначений час (the Future Simple Tense) вживається для вираження дій та подій, що відбудуться у майбутньому. Майбутній неозначений час утворюється додаванням допоміжного дієслова will до інфінітива без to.

При цьому часто називаються такі обставини часу: tomorrow, next, week (month, year), in a week (few days).

l/you/he/she/it/we/they + will + V1

I/you/he/she/it/we/they + will not (won't) + V1

Will + l/you/he/she/it/we/they + V1? — Yes, l/he... will.

(No, l/he/... won’t.)

Наприклад:    

He will have an exam tomorrow.

They will not (won't) meet me tomorrow.

Will you return me the book next week?

1. Make up sentences using the Future Simple Tense.

1) Amanda/move/to a new flat/next month.

2) Daniel/attend/language courses/next year.

3) His cousin/buy/the tickets for the plane/in two days.

4) Our students/study/philosophy/next term.

5) I/do the ironing/after dinner.

6) We/have/History exam/in three days.

7) Larry and Tom/go/to the skating-rink/in an hour.

8) You/write/the invitations/for the party/tomorrow.

9) Mark/go/to the swimming-pool/next Tuesday.

10) They/leave/for Berlin/in a week.

2. Make the sentences negative and interrogative.

1) They will sail this yacht next summer. 2) He will show you our city. 3) Nora will plant flowers tomorrow. 4) They will organize the meeting next Friday. 5) You’ll spend next month in the language camp. 6) Monica and Sam will clean the flat tomorrow. 7) She will put on her warm sweater. 8) He will buy some fruit. 9) People will travel to other planets in future. 10) It will rain tomorrow.

3. Match two parts of the sentences and learn the proverbs.

1) When the cat is away

a) will learn to howl.

2) Who keeps company with the wolf

b) will clutch a straw.

3) A small leak

c) the mice will play.

4) A drowning man

d) and he will take a yard.

5) Give him an inch

e) will sink a great ship.

4. Read the notes of Mr Green's diary and make up sentences about what he is planning to do (not to do) next year. Use the Future Simple Tense.

New Year Promise

To attend the sport club.

To get a driving licence.

Not to be late for work.

Not to argue with my wife.

To spend more time with the

Not to eat too much.

family at weekends.

To take the children

To buy a new TV set.

to Disneyland.

5. Write short answers to the questions.

1) Will they join us for the party? — Yes, ... .

2) Will you dance at the concert? — No, ... .

3) Will Pamela come to celebrate New Year with us? — Yes,... .

4) Will Peter and Frank meet us tomorrow? — Yes, ... .

5) Will Julia help me with the translation? — Yes

6) Will you feed the dog? — No, ... .

7) Will Henry repair my motor-bike? — No, ... .

8) Will your parents buy you a new computer? — Yes, ... .

9) Will Diana prepare the documents? — Yes, ... .

10) Will this cat catch mice? — Yes, ... .

Складаючи спеціальні запитання у майбутньому неозначеному часі, слова розташовують у такому порядку: питальне слово (Wh-word), допоміжне дієслово will, підмет, дієслово-присудок.

Wh-word + will + you/he/she/it/fhey + V1?

Наприклад:

What will he do tomorrow?

Where will they spend the holidays?

Who will come to you?

6. Write questions to the underlined words.

1) The postman will deliver fresh newspapers in the morning. 2) We will have a picnic in the park. 3) Her brother will translate this article next week. 4) Alex will return home at seven o’clock. 5) You will read my report very attentively. 6) My friend will soon send mean e-mail letter. 7) Her cousin will give you some discs in two days. 8) Jane will learn this poem. 9) My mother will feed the fish in the evening. 10) They will drive to the country next Sunday.

7. Make up sentences.

1) they/trip/return/When/their/will/from?

2) tomorrow/the/sign/Our/morning/will/boss/documents.

3) not/early/bed/will/to/tonight/I/go.

4) publish/in/They/article/the/newspaper/will/your/local.

5) problem/they/solve/this/will/How?

6) for/will/birthday/What/give/you/her/her?

7) after/They/not/me/classes/meet/will.

8) receive/the/in/The/documents/moming/will/secretary/the.

9) you /Where /from/the/will/flat / put/your/key?

10) Next/will/in/train/minutes/arrive/twenty.

8. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets and read the joke.

One day a woman goes along the street and sees a beautiful bracelet in the window of a jewellery shop. She decides that she wants it. So she comes into the shop and asks the shop assistant, «... you ..» (to show) me this bracelet?» «Here you are, madam», answers the shop-assistant and gives her the bracelet. «Unfortunately, I haven’t enough money with me, but I want to buy it very much. ... you ... (to hold) the bracelet for me if I pay you a small deposit?» asks the woman. «I ... (to hold) this bracelet if you pay £50», answers the shop assistant. «But when ... you ... (to come) to pay the rest of money and collect it?» «My husband ... (to come) and pay for the bracelet as soon as he does something unforgivable. Perhaps he ... (to come) this weekend», answers the woman.

Допоміжне дієслово shall вживається у питальних реченнях майбутнього неозначеного часу із займенниками 1-ї особи I, we, коли ми висловлюємо пропозицію або хочемо отримати розпорядження щодо якихось дій. Наприклад:

Shall I take your bag? (Мені взяти вашу сумку?)

Shall I give you a lift? (Вас підвезти?)

Shall we buy ice cream? (Ми купимо морозиво?)

Shall we write an essay? (Ми писатимемо твір?)

9. Complete the sentences with shall, will or won't.

— We ... go to the mountains next week. ... you join us, Larry?

— Of course I... . Where ... we stay?

— We ... stay in a hotel. I ... phone and book the rooms tomorrow.

— Good. ... I help you with the preparations?

— Yes, please. ... you buy the tickets for the train?

— OK. What train ... I buy the tickets for?

— I think it’s better to take the night train. Then we ... arrive early in the morning.

— How many tickets ... I buy?

— For you, my friend Sally and me.

— ... Ron go with us?

— No, he ... . He ... be very busy next week.

— What a pity!... we go skiing?

— Of course we ... . The weather forecast promises it ... be cold and snowy.

— Fine. I ... take some warm sweaters then. ... I take my camera, Molly?

— Good idea. My camera doesn’t work.

— OK. Then I ... start packing things. See you tomorrow, Molly.

10. Translate into English.

1) Я допоможу вам організувати виставку. 2) Ми будемо обідати за півгодини. 3) Вона не прийде до школи завтра. Вона буде готуватися до змагань. 4) Мої друзі не будуть брати

участі в концерті. 5) Ви будете пити чай з нами? — Так. 6) Куди вони поїдуть наступного літа? — Вони поїдуть до Італії. 7) Мені показати вам дорогу до готелю? — Так, будь ласка. 8) Коли твій чоловік завершить роботу? — Я гадаю, він прийде додому за годину. 9) А чи не відвідати нам твого двоюрідного брата на вихідних? — Гарна ідея. 10) Що твоя бабуся приготує на обід? — Вона приготує суп та рибний пиріг. 11) Нам помити посуд? — Ні, дякую. 12) Ви візьмете таксі? — Ні, ми поїдемо автобусом. 13) Де хлопчики гратимуть у футбол? — Вони гратимуть у футбол біля нашого будинку. 14) Мені замовити піццу? — Ні, ми самі приготуємо піццу. 15) Він зателефонує вам увечері? — Так.

Для вираження майбутньої дії використовується як майбутній неозначений час, так і структура to be going to.

Майбутній неозначений час вживається у таких випадках.

Структура to be going to вживається у таких випадках.

1) Коли ми повідомляємо про факти чи дії у майбутньому, на здійснення яких ми не можемо вплинути:

You will be sixteen next month.

2) Коли ми не впевнені, що дії чи події, про які повідомляємо, відбудуться у майбутньому (чи ще не прийняли

остаточного рішення):

/ think he will write to you.

3) Якщо ми прийняли рішення в момент мовлення:

I'm thirsty. I'll have a glass of juice.

4) Коли ми висловлюємо сподівання, побоювання, страхи, погрози, прогнози щодо майбутнього, даємо обіцянки тощо. Як правило, в таких випадках вживаються слова hope, believe, think, expect, I'm afraid, I'm sure, I know, perhaps, probably, etc:

I'm sure we’ll come in time. Perhaps she'll come to our party.

1) Коли ми повідомляємо про чиїсь наміри чи плани:

They're on holidays and they're going to travel a lot.

2) Коли ми повідомляємо про події у найближчому майбутньому, якщо ми впевнені, що вони відбудуться:

She is going to send you some photos. (She has already decided.)

3) Якщо в момент мовлення ми розуміємо, що трапиться найближчим часом:

Be careful! You are going to hurt your leg!

11. Circle the correct item.

1) It will/is going to be Friday tomorrow. 2) I’m afraid it won’t/isn’t going to be sunny tomorrow. 3) She has bought a computer. She will/is going to attend computer courses. 4) Watch out! Your bike will/is going to fall down! 5) I think Nick and Andy will/are going to take part in this competition. 6) Sue has finished her work so she will/is going to have a rest tonight. 7) We have saved enough money so we will/are going to buy a new fridge. 8) Helen will/is going probably to visit us next Saturday. 9) One day people will/are going to live on other planets. 10) It’s getting cold. I will/am going to put on my warm sweater.

12. Look at the page of Oscar's diary and write what he is going to do next week. Use will or to be going to.

Example: On Monday Oscar is going to write an essay. Perhaps he will phone Alex.

Monday: to write an essay (!) and to phone Alex (perhaps).

Tuesday: to play tennis with Mark (!) and to send an e-mail letter to cousin Pete (probably).

Wednesday: to vacuum the carpet in the living-room (perhaps) and to watch a football match on TV (!).

Thursday: to repair the bike (!).

Friday: to return the books to the library (perhaps) and to play a game of chess with father (!).

Saturday: to do homework (probably) and to help father to paint the car (!).

Sunday: to clean the room (perhaps) and to watch a new film in the cinema (!).

13. Complete the sentences with will or to be going to.

It... be Sunday tomorrow and my friends and me ... take part in the Art Festival which takes place in our school every year. Nick has made a model of the plane and he ... exhibit it at the handicraft exhibition. I believe his model ... have a success. Monica ... sing her new song. She has composed some really good ones, but she hasn’t decided yet which song she ... sing. Mike and John ... do conjuring tricks. They have learnt some very interesting tricks for this festival. Ben and Diana haven’t told what they ... to perform, but I think they ... dance their favourite waltz. As for me, I ... take the photos of my friends. I hope we ... make a wonderful wall newspaper to tell everyone about our Art Festival.

14. Open the brackets using will, shall or to be going to.

— ... (you to help) me to cook supper, Liz? Uncle David and Aunt Elsa ... (to visit) us tonight.

— And what... you ... (to cook), Mum?

— I ... (to cook) a rabbit. You know, Uncle David likes rabbits.

— Me too. What... I... (to help) you to do, Mum?

— I think you ... (to cut) an onion. And I ... (to prepare) the rabbit.

— ... that be OK, Mum?

— Yes, good. And now ... (you to give) me a bigger saucepan? I’m afraid this saucepan ... (to be) too small for the rabbit.

— Here you are, Mum. ... I... (to do) anything else?

— ... you ... (to wash) these tomatoes and cucumbers? I think we ... (to make) a vegetable salad.

— The vegetables are ready. ... I... (to slice) them?

— Yes, please. Be careful! You ... (to cut) your finger!

— The rabbit smells delicious. I’m sure Uncle David ... (to enjoy) it.

— You are right. But I ... probably ... (to add) some more salt. That’s nice.

— Oh, we ... (to have) a wonderful dinner today!

15. Complete the sentences with will won't or to be going to and read the joke.

Little Johnny is taking his father’s hammer. His mother sees it and says to her son, «No, Johnny, you can’t have the hammer to play with. I’m afraid you ... (to hit) your fingers». «No, I..., Mummy», Johnny replies. «Sue ... (to hold) the nails».

16. Translate into English.

1)    Наступного року тобі буде сімнадцять. 2) Вона збирається вступити до університету цього року. 3) Я гадаю, вони не розмовлятимуть з тобою. 4) Що ви збираєтесь робити завтра? — Можливо, я відвідаю племінницю. 5) Обережно! Ти зараз впадеш! 6) Завтра буде субота. 7) Мій друг збирається пофарбувати свій велосипед. 8) Я боюсь, ми не побачимо цю телепередачу. 9) Що вони збираються робити в цьому випадку? — Я думаю, вони не виконають роботу вчасно. 10) Ти впевнений, що твоя сестра купить квитки? — Так.

Іноді для вираження майбутніх дій вживаються теперішній тривалий або теперішній неозначений часи.

Теперішній тривалий час вживається, коли ми повідомляємо про заплановані події, які обов'язково відбудуться найближчим часом:

Не is having a driving lesson in two days.

We are flying to Egypt next week.

Дієслова to go та to соте не вживаються з конструкцією to be going to. Натомість вони вживаються у теперішньому тривалому часі:

Не is going to the cinema tonight.

(Not: He is going to go to the cinema tonight.)

They are coming tomorrow.

Теперішній неозначений час вживається, коли йдеться про події у майбутньому, пов'язані з розкладом:

Our train leaves at ten o'clock.

17. CD Circle the correct item.

1) Next month he is going to have/has trainings on Tuesdays and Fridays. 2) Sam can’t meet you. He will leave/is leaving for Lviv tomorrow morning. 3) I’m sure Kate will/is going to look after your dog. 4) We are having/have dinner with the Carters tomorrow evening. We have already agreed it. 5) Don’t be late on Wednesday. The bus arrives/is going to arrive at half past nine. 6) She will give/is giving a lecture next Thursday. Can you come? 7) I know that Robert will visit/visits his dentist tomorrow morning. 8) Jack is coming/is going to come from the USA. 9) I think Samantha will/is going to know the results of the test in three days. 10) This shop opens/is going to open at eight o’clock.

18. Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Simple or Present Continuous.

1) It ... (to be) September in a week. 2) We ... (to meet) our new teacher tomorrow at three o’clock. 3) I need some new clothes and tomorrow my friend and I... (tо go) shopping. 4) His aunt... probably ... (to help) him to buy everything for the baby. 5) Ted thinks we ... (not to find) the perfect singer for our popgroup. 6) Monica and Paul ... (to go) to the conference next Tuesday. They have already booked the rooms in the hotel. 7) We ... (to take part) in the Art Festival in a fortnight. ... you ... (to join) us? 8) Her parents ... (to come) back from the vacation in two days. She should clean the room by this time. 9) The Franks ... (to have) a party next Saturday. We have already got the invitation. 10) Perhaps you ... (to read) the results of the investigation a bit later.

19. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple, Future Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

— Tony, Den and I ... (to go) to the cinema tohight. ... you ... (to join) us?

— What time ... the film ... (to start), Bill?

— It... (to start) at five o’clock.

— I’m afraid I can’t. I... (to want) to see a football match on TV. It... (to start) at half past five.

— When ... this match ... (to finish), Tony?

— It... (to finish) at seven o’clock— No problem. We can go to the cinema later. The next show

... (to start) at half past seven. I’m sure we ... (fo have) enough time to get to the cinema. I think Den ... (to buy) the tickets beforehand.

— That’s wonderful. I ... (to go) with you then.

20. Translate into English.

1) Завтра вона бере інтерв’ю у відомого актора. 2) Через тиждень він їде до Великобританії. 3) Коли розпочинається вистава? — Вистава розпочинається о сьомій. 4) Вона думає, що ми зателефонуємо їй. 5) Що ти робитимеш сьогодні ввечері? — Я зустрічаюся з друзями у кав’ярні. 6) їй буде п’ятнадцять за тиждень. 7) Можливо, моя сестра приєднається до нас на свято. 8) Мої друзі збираються поїхати на дачу в суботу. 9) Я боюсь, він не знайде нашу вулицю без карти. 10) Дуже холодно. Я зачиню вікно.





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