ДИДАКТИЧНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ ДО СПЕЦКУРСУ «КРАЇНОЗНАВСТВО ВЕЛИКОБРИТАНІЇ» II семестр. ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік

LESSON 18 Practical training "British Theatres. W. Shakespeare"

Aims and objectives:

- to practice students' skills in listening, reading and speaking;

- to promote pair work skills;

- to teach students how to analyze, generalize and compare the main idea of the material.

PROCEDURE

I. INTRODUCTION

Greeting

T. Good morning, students! I’m glad to see you today! Today we are going to work on the topic “British Theatres. W. Shakespeare”.

Warm up

T. First of all, let’s speak about the role of the theatre in your life! Do you prefer going to the theatre?

Task 1. Look at the Mind Map and make up the sentences.

II. THE MAIN PART

Reading

Task 2. Read the text and complete the sentences.

The first theatre in England “The Blackfries” was build in 1576, and “The Globe” was build in 1599, which is closely connected with William Shakespeare. Speaking about our times we should first of all mention “The English National theatre”, “The Royal Shakespeare company” and “Covent Garden”.

“Covent Garden” used to be a fashionable promenade — it was, before then, a convent garden — but when it became overrun with flower-sellers, orange-vendors and vegetable-growers, the people moved to more exclusive surroundings farther west, such as “St. Jame’s Square”.

The first “Covent Garden theatre” was built in 1732. It was burnt down in 1808 and rebuild exactly a year after. It was opened in September 1809, with Shakespeare’s “Macbeth”. Since the middle of the last century “Covent Garden” became exclusively devoted to opera.

Now “Covent Garden” in busier than ever, it is one of the few well-known opera houses open for 11 months of the year and it employs over 600 people both of the Opera company and the Royal Ballet.

“The English National theatre” took over the hundred years to establish a national theatre company. It’s first director from 1962 was Lawrence Olivier. This is the first state theatre Britain has ever had. A special building for it was opened in 1976. It has three theatres in one: “The Oliver theatre”, the biggest is for the main classical repertoire; “The Lyttilton”, a bit smaller is for new writing and for visiting foreigh countries and “The Cottesloe theatre”, the smallest is used for experimental writing and productions.

“The Royal Shakespeare company” are divided between the country and the capital and it’s produces plays mainly by Shakespeare and his contempraries when it performs is “Stratford-on-Avon”, and modern plays in it’s two auditorias in the Cities and Barbican centre.

1. The first theatre in England ... was build in 1576, and ... was build in 1599, which is closely connected with William Shakespeare.

2. ... was burnt down in 1808 and rebuild exactly a year after.

3. “Covent Garden theatre” employs over 600 people both of the ... and the ... .

4. ... took over the hundred years to establish a national theatre company.

5. ... produces plays mainly by Shakespeare.

Task 3. Match the dates with the events.

Events

Dates

1. The first “Covent Garden theatre” was build...

a) in 1976

2. “Covent Garden theatre” was burnt down...

b) from 1962

3. The first theatre in England “The Blackfries” was build...

c) in 1809

4. “The Globe” was built...

d) in 1732

5. “Covent Garden theatre” was opened...

e) in 1808

6. Lawrence Olivier was the first director of “The English National theatre” from...

f) in 1599

7. A special building for “The English National theatre” was opened in...

g) in 1576

Listening

Task 4. Listen to the text.

The great poet and dramatist William Shakespeare is often called by his people “Our National Bard”, “The Immortal Poet of Nature” and “The Great Unknown”. William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-on-Avon, a little town in Warwickshire, which is generally described as being in the middle of England. He was the third of eight children of John Shakespeare and his wife Mary Arden. John Shakespeare, the poet’s father, was engaged in the wool industry. He had some pasture land of his own, and also rented a house.

William Shakespeare educated at the free Grammar School at Stratford, where he learned to read and spell and was taught his first Latin. William Shakespeare was still a boy when he began to set and produce plays. Though he had to work hard in his father’s business nothing would make him give up his hobby. On leaving school, Shakespeare began to learn foreign languages. His father taught Shakespeare the Italian language and brushed up his Latin. Along with his first plays at the village of Shottery his first poems appear. Writing verse was very common in Shakespeare’s days. It was called sonnetising.

But the days of study ended when at 18 he married Anna Hathaway. They had three children, two daughters and a son: Susanna, Judith and Hamnet. Life in Stratford became intolerable for W. Shakespeare; there was no money to earn, so he decided to go to London, where he was as an actor and playwright. Soon his own comedies were staged, and some time later his historical plays began to appear. Shakespeare’s immediate aim was to give satisfaction to his audiences. He decided to build a theatre where the actors and playwrights could each get a fair share of the profit. By the end of the 16th century the playhouse was built and was called “The Globe”, which was called by the people “The Golden theatre” and “The Glory of the Bank”. Towards the end of the century the London stage shook with Shakespeare’s tragedies.

Shakespeare lived in London for 25 years. The last few years of his life Shakespeare spent in Stratford. He died on the 23rd of April, 1616 and was buried in Stratford.

Shakespeare was known as a writer of delightful comedies and historical dramas. His comedies “Much Ado About Nothing”, “The Comedy of Errors”, are famous for their light wit and optimism. His tragedies “Romeo and Juliet”, “Othello”, “Hamlet” and “King Lear” strike us by the depth of thought.

Task 5. Look at these sentences. Do you think they are true or false?

1. The great poet and dramatist William Shakespeare is often called by his people “Our National Bard”.

2. He was the first of eight children of John Shakespeare and his wife Mary Arden. John Shakespeare.

3. William Shakespeare educated at the free Grammar School in London.

4. On leaving school, Shakespeare began to work with his father.

5. But the days of study ended when at 21 he married Anna Hathaway.

6. Life in Stratford became intolerable for W. Shakespeare; there was no money to earn, so he decided to go to London.

7. By the end of the 16th century the playhouse was built and was called “The Globe”, which was called by the people “The Silver theatre”.

8. Shakespeare lived and died in London.

Task 6. Complete the sentences.

1. William Shakespeare is often called by his people ... .

a) “The Great Known”;

b) “The Great Fame”;

c) “The Great Unknown”.

2. John Shakespeare, the poet’s father, was engaged ... .

a) in the wool industry;

b) in the heavy industry;

c) in the ship-building industry.

3. William Shakespeare educated at the free Grammar School ... .

a) in London;

b) at Stratford;

c) in Belfast.

4. At 18 William Shakespeare married ... .

a) Anna Hatly;

b) Mary Hathaway;

c) Anna Hathaway.

5. Life in Stratford became ignorable for W. Shakespeare; there was no money to earn, so … .

a) he decided to go to London;

b) he decided to work with his father at Stratford;

c) he decided to go abroad.

6. Shakespeare lived in London ... .

a) all his life;

b) for 25 years;

c) for 15 years.

Task 7. Answer the questions.

1. What can you say about Shakespeare’s childhood?

2. Where did he study?

3. How many languages did he learn?

4. What can you say about his family?

5. Can you describe the most important moments of his life in London?

6. What famous Shakespeare’s literary works do you know?

III. SUMMING UP Speaking

Task 8. Answer the questions.

1. Can you name famous British theatres?

2. Do you know outstanding people, whose names are connected with British theatres?

3. Why is Shakespeare called “The immortal Poet of Nature”?

Home assignment

Read William Shakespeare’s biography and write it in short. Stick pictures from his famous tragedies and comedies.

Additional material to the topic

"British Theatre. W. Shakespeare"

Task 9. Read and complete the text with the words from the box.

Peculiarity, permanent, fashionable, companies, rehearsed, spectators, Covent

Until recently the history of the English theatre has been build around actors rather then ... . It was hard to find any London theatre that even had a consistent policy. There is no ... staff in British theatres. A play is ... for a few weeks by a company of actors working together mostly for the first time and it is allowed to run as long as it draws the odious and pays it’s way.

Another ... of the theatres in Great Britain is as follows: there are two kinds of seats, which can be booked in advance (bookable), and unbookable ones have no numbers and the … occupy them on the principle: first come — first served. In ancient times plays were acted inside churches and later on the market places.

The first theatre in England “The Blackfries” was built in 1576, and “The Globe”, which is closely connected with William Shakespeare, was built in 1599. Speaking about our times we should first of all mention “The English National theatre”, “The Royal Shakespeare company” and “Covent Garden”.

... Garden” used to be a ... promenade — it was, before then, a convent garden — but when it became overrun with flower-sellers, orange-vendors and vegetable-growers, the people moved to more exclusive surroundings farther west, such as “St. James’ Square”.

The first “Covent Garden theatre” was built in 1732. It was burnt down in 1808 and rebuilt exactly a year after. It opened in September 1809, with Shakespeare’s “Macbeth”. Since the middle of the last century “Covent Garden” became exclusively devoted to opera.

Now “Covent Garden” is busier than ever, it is one of the few well-known opera houses open for 11 months of the year and it employs over 600 people from both the Opera company and the Royal Ballet.

Task 10. Complete the sentences.

1. “Covent Garden” employs over … people from both the Opera company and the Royal Ballet.

2. The first theatre in England are … and … .

3. “The Globe”, which is closely connected with ... .

4. “Covent Garden” used to be ... .

5. The first “Covent Garden theatre” was built in … .



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