ДИДАКТИЧНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ ДО СПЕЦКУРСУ «КРАЇНОЗНАВСТВО ВЕЛИКОБРИТАНІЇ» II семестр. ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік
LESSONS 31-32 Lecture and practical training "Sport in Great Britain"
Aims and objectives:
- to practice students' habits of getting additional information from the text;
- to teach students how to analyze, generalize and compare the main idea of the material;
- to expand the vocabulary related to the topic.
T. Good morning, students! I’m glad to see you today! Today we are going to work on the topic “Sport in Great Britain”.
T. First of all, let’s revise your vocabulary, which is connected with sport!
Task 1. Match the following phrases:
1) sport facilities
2) spectator sport
b) командна участь
3) amateur sport
4) team work
d) спорт для глядачів
e) спортивні споруди
f) мати успіх
7) to be a success
g) аматорський спорт
II. THE MAIN PART
Reading and grammar
Task 2. Try to finish the following sentences and predict the information that will be given in the text:
1. The most popular sport activity in Britain is ... .
2. The second most popular sport activity in Britain is ... .
3. The fastest growing industry in Britain is ... .
4. The favourite sport among TV viewrs is ... .
5. Modern leisure centres are placed for people to ... .
6. Water parks are places where ... .
Task 3. Read, translate the text. Say if following sentences are true or false.
SPORT IN GREAT BRITAIN
The British as a nation do all kinds of things in their free time: they go shopping or jogging, they play darts or football, they collect records or stamps, they go to church or to pub. Of course, some of there are free time activities, like visiting relatives or taking driving lessons, may not be fun. Leisure is the fastest growning industry in Britain.
According to the latest figures, the most popular activity of all is walking: 35 million British people regulary walk two miles or more a day. More energetically, 10 million people go to “keep fit” classes or take part in aerobics or yoga, and half as many do some weight training in a gym. About 9 mln people go cycling, 4 mln go jogging, and the same number play football and golf. Other popular sport are bowling, tennis and squash.
Watching other people playing is also a popular leisure activity: the favourite sports among TV viewers are football, horse-racing, cricket and tennis. But also millions watch the matches on TV, not so many go regulary to the stadium to watch football matches.
The fitness boom of the 80s led in a big rise in the number of people participating in sports.
To cater for this boom over 1.500 private health and fitness clubs and the same number of public leisure centres have been built during the past 20 years. These modern centres with swimming-pools, tennis courts and gyms are places for people to go to spend their leisure time — and their money. Families can ever spend their holidays at huge indoor water-parks, where they can play or relax all day long without worrying about the weather outside. But this may not be helping them to get fitter: the British may become a nation of splashers but not a nation of swimmers.
1. According to the latest figures, the most popular activity of all is walking.
2. Watching other people playing is a boring leisure activity.
3. The favourite sports among TV viewers are bowling, golf and squash.
4. Over 3,000 private health and fitness clubs and the same number of public leisure centres have been built during the past 20 years.
5. The British may become a nation of splashers but not a nation of swimmers.
Task 4. Read and translate the descriptions of one popular English game.
More and more people in Brtiain are finding out that golf, after all, is not a good walk wasted since it is a “walking” game. They are taking to the golf grounds (courses) in numbers that may soon require a crash programme of new courses to meet growing demand. A total of 60 new courses — two thirds of them municipal — were completed in England between 1971-1972, and more are under construction. Many more municipal courses are required, particularly in England, where in the past, the game has been confined very much to private clubs and those who can afford the high membership feels.
In Scotland, with its high proportion of municipal courses, golf has always been very much a working — class sport — and the trend is now beginning to be seen in England.
But what of the origins of the game of golf? It is suggested that in Romans may have downed their armour from time to time to take part in a similar type of game. The Dutch have also a claim. The word “golf” certainly derived from the Dutch word “kolf” — meaning a club.
Originally the balls were made of leather, stuffed with feathers. In 1850 these made way for the solid gutta-percha balls. Half a century later came the invention of the rubber — cored ball which, because it led to lower scores, became very popular.
Today’s ball has a semi fluid core surrounded be strips of rubber, wound under high tension. It, of course, has a dimpled surface, and there is a story behind this. All golf equipment has become more sophisticated, but even today some of the world’s top golfers still rely on an old hickory — shafted putter which would not have been new even in their grandfather’s time.
Task 5. Fill in the missing words.
1. They are taking to the golf g s in numbers that may soon require a c h p___________________ e of new courses to meet grow ing demand.
2. In Scotland, with its high p__ n of m_____ l courses, golf has always been very much a working — class sport.
3. It is suggested that in R____ s may have downed their a________r from time to time to take part in a similar type of game.
4. Originally the balls were made of l___ r, stuffed with f___________s.
5. Half a century later came the i_ n of the r____ r — cored ball which, because it led to lower scores, became very popular.
Task 6. Which of the sports are these people talking about? Give reasons.
1. The ball has a natural curve on it so it doesn’t go in a straight line on the grass.
2. Provided it’s not too windy at the top, there’s no problem.
3. It is incredibly noisy, fast, and dangerous, but it’s really exciting to watch.
4. You get sore at first and can hardly sit down, but you get used to it after a while.
5. You need a good eye and a lot of concentration.
III. SUMMING UP
Task 7. Answer the questions.
1. Can any kinds of sport be considered typically British?
2. Which sport do you consider to be the the most popular among British people?
3. What do you think should be done to make sport even more popular in our country?
Collect pictures of the famous British sportsmen and make a wall chart.
Additional material to the topic "Sport in Great Britain"
Task 8. Read the text and put the correct form of the verb:
Many kinds of sport ... (to originate) from England. The English ... (to have) a proverb, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”. They do not think that play is more important than work; they ... (to think) that Jack will do his work better if he plays as well, so he is ... (to encourage) to do both. Association football, or soccer is one of the most popular games in the British Isles ... (to play) from late August until the beginning of May. In summer the English national sport is cricket. When the English say: “that’s not cricket” it means “that’s not fair”, “to play the game” means “to be fair”. Golf is Scotland’s chief contribution to British sport. It is worth noting here an interesting feature of sporting life in Britain, namely, its frequently close connections with social class of the players or spectators except where a game may be ... (to say) to be a “national” sport. This is the case with cricket in England which ... (to play) and ... (to watch) by all classes. This is true of golf, which is everywhere in the British Isles a middle-class activity. Rugby Union … the amateur variety of Rugby football, is the Welsh national sport ... (to play) by all sections of society whereas, elsewhere, it too is a game for the middle classes. Association football is a working-class sport as are boxing, wrestling, snooker, darts, and dog-racing. As far as fishing ... (to concern) it is a sport where what ... (to catch) determines the class of a fisherman. Walking and swimming are the two most popular sporting activities, being almost equally undertaken by men and women. Snooker (billiards), pool and darts are the next most popular sports among men. Aerobics (keep-fit exercises) and yoga ... squash and cycling are among the sports where participation (to increase) in recent years. There are several places in Britain associated with a particular kind of sport. One of them is Wimbledon where the All-England Lawn Tennis Championship ... (to held) in July (since 1877). The other one is Wembly — a stadium in north London where international football matches, the Cup Finals and other events ... (to take) place since 1923.
Task 9. Answer the questions.
1. What does the phrase “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy” mean?
2. What are the most popular games in British Isles.
3. What is the English national sport in summer?
4. What does it mean: “that’s not cricket”?
5. What is the Welsh national sport?