ДИДАКТИЧНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ ДО СПЕЦКУРСУ «КРАЇНОЗНАВСТВО ВЕЛИКОБРИТАНІЇ» II семестр. ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік
Task 2. 1 “The Blackfries”, “The Globe”; 2 “Covent Garden theatre”; 3 Opera company; 4 “The English National Theatre”; 5 “The Royal Shakespeare company.
Task 3. 1 d; 2 e; 3 g; 4 f; 5 c; 6 b; 7 a.
Task 5. 1 T; 2 F; 3 T; 4 F; 5 F; 6 T; 7 F; 8 F.
Task 6. 1 c; 2 a; 3 b; 4 c; 5 a; 6 b.
Task 9. Companies; permanent; rehearsed; peculiarity; spectators; “Covent”; fashionable.
Task 10. 1 600; 2 “Blackfries”, “The Globe” 3 W. Shakespeare; 4 a fashionable promenade; 5 1732.
Task 2. Impact, cinema, production, debate, identity, the studios, industry, motion pictures.
Task 3. 1 f, 2 b, 3 g, 4 c,5 h, 6 a, 7 d, 8 e.
Task 4. 1 d, 2 e, 3 d, 4 c, 5 a.
Task 5. was regarded, was released, was based, was produced, was released, was produced, were produced.
Task 6. 1 permanent residents, 2 Joseph Losey, 3 Stanley Kubrick and Richard Lester, 4 “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”, 5 the British industry’s importance.
Task 9. 1 F; 2 T; 3 F; 4 T.
Task 10. Of; of; of; about; into; of; with; of.
Task 6. 1 c; 2 i; 3 g; 4 d; 5 a; 6 e; 7 l; 8 j; 9 k; 10 f; 11 h; 12 b.
Task 3. 1 d; 2 a; 3 c; 4 b.
Task 5. 1 F; 2 F; 3 T; 4 F; 5 F; 6 T; 7 F; 8 T; 9 F; 10 F.
Task 11. 1 h; 2 d; 3 f; 4 g; 5 a; 6 e; 7 b; 8 e; 9 i.
Task 7. 1 F; 2 F; 3 F; 4 T; 5 F; 6 F; 7 T; 8 T; 9 F; 10 F.
After World War II there appeared young writers, who are ready to keep up the standard of wholesome optimism, and mature writers, who have passed through a certain creative crisis.
In the fifties there appears a very interesting trend in literature, the followers of which were called “The Angry Young Men”. The postwar changes had given a chance to a large number of young from the more democratic layers of society to receive higher education at universities. But on graduating, these students found they had no prospects in life; unemployment had increased after the war.
There appeared works dealing with such characters, angry young men who were angry with everything and everybody, as no one was interested to learn what their ideas on life and society were. Outstanding writers of this trend were John Wain, Kingsley Amis and the dramatist John Osborne.
The sixties saw a new type of literature. The criticism was revealed in the “working-class novel” as it was called. These novels deal with characters coming from the working class. The best known writer of this trend is Alan Sillitoe.
Since sixties the literary life in Great Britain has developed greatly. The new time brings new heroes, new experience in theatrical life and poetry, new forms and standards in prosaic works. The specific feature of nowadays literature is the variety of genres and styles, which enrich the world’s literature.
Task 2. 1 special intelligence tests; 2 all types of secondary education; 3 private schools; 4 go to college or futher education; 5 8,15; 4,45.
Task 3. takes, have, has, were introduced, take, are connected, was called, took, was taken, were replaced, is, are, to take, are gained.
Task 4. 1 under, before; 2 in, for; 3 of; 4 in; 5 on.
Task 5. are divided, were given, was offered, are called, is considered, are connected.
Task 6. 1 b; 2 a; 3 b; 4 c; 5 b.
Task 8. 1 F; 2 T; 3 F; 4 F; 5 T.
1. The Granta
2. Religious purposes
3. Thirty constituent colleges
4. Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer to Queen Elizabeth I
5. Desiderius Erasmus, Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe, Lord Byron, Charles Darwin, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Jawaharlal Nehru, Vladimir Nabokov, Lee Kuan Yew (PM of Singapore from 1959 to 1990), and Rajiv Gandhi
Task 3. 1 F; 2 F; 3 F; 4 F;5 T; 6 F; 7 T; 8 F; 9 F; 10 T; 11 F; 12 F; 13 F; 14 T.
Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, (30 August 1871-19 October 1937) was a British-New Zealand chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. In early work he discovered the concept of radioactive half life, proved that radioactivity involved the transmutation of one chemical element to another, and also differentiated and named alpha and beta radiation. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908 “for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances”.
Rutherford performed his most famous work after he received this prize. In 1911, he postulated that atoms have their positive charge concentrated in a very small nucleus, and thereby pioneered the Rutherford model, or planetary, model of the atom, through his discovery and interpretation of Rutherford scattering in his gold foil experiment. He is widely credited with first splitting the atom in 1917, and leading the first experiment to “split the nucleus” in a controlled manner by two students under his direction, John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton in 1932.
ENGLISH INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES
Prominent English figures from the field of science and mathematics include Sir Isaac Babbage, Charles Darwin, Stephen Hawking, Christopher Wren, Alan Turing, Francis Crick, Joseph Lister, Tim Berners-Lee, Andrew Wiles and Richard Dawkins. Experts claim that the earliest concept of a metric system was invented by John Wilkins, first secretary of the Royal Society in 1668. As birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, England was home to many significant inventors during the late 18th and early 19th century. Famous English Newton, Michael Faraday, Robert Hooke, Robert Boyle, Joseph Priestley, J. J. Thomson, Charles engineers include Isambard Kingdom Brunel, best known for the creation of the Great Western Railway, a series of famous steamships, and numerous important bridges, hence revolutionising public transport and modern- day engineering.
Inventions and discoveries of the English include: the first industrial spinning machine, the first computer and the first modern computer, the World Wide Web along with HTTP and HTML, the first successful human blood transfusion, the vacuum cleaner, the lawnmower, the seat belt, the hovercraft, the electric motor, the microphone, steam engines, and theories such as the Darwinian theory of evolution and atomic theory. Newton developed the ideas of universal gravitation, Newtonian mechanics, and infinitesimal calculus, and Robert Hooke his eponymously named law of elasticity. Other inventions include the iron plate railway, the thermosiphon, tarmac, the rubber band, the mousetrap, “cat’s eye” road safety device, joint development of the light bulb, steam locomotives, the seed drill, the jet engine and many modern techniques and technologies used in precision engineering.
Task2. Are; be divided; are; are; is; was formed; was; would arise; was; would do; had; embraces; was intended; introduced; called; had; is based; was founded; is divided; is planned; be; are; unites; organize; co-operates; aim; are; help; to start; pay; involve; aim; have done; are doing.
PARTICIPATION OF BRITISH YOUTH IN THE POLITICAL LIFE OF THEIR COUNTRY
Politics is an integral part of our life. And it really doesn’t matter whether you are a politician by profession or a plumber who is far from world of politics. Actually you may not be interested in politics but politics still will be interested in you. The fact is that every person above 18 years old both in our country and in Great Britain from the politician’s point of view is regarded as a voter, his potential supporter. That’s why the participation of all the people of the country is so essential and of great importance for politicians.
Unfortunately for them the latest public opinion polls showed political apathy among the young people. The sociologists say that the youth is simply not interested in political life of their country.
The problem of youths’ participation in political life of a country is very ambiguous. There are several major reasons for young people’s lack of interest.
1) considering politics boring and waste of time;
2) lack of knowledge about the political system of the country’;
3) the assurance of no relevance of the participation;
4) excessive influence of parents on their child’s political identification.
On the other hand the rise of activity of the youth on the local level is seen recently and the interest to the nation-wide and global problems is fixated. These are good symptoms which indicate the recovery of the British society.
Of course some forms of political participation in Britain appear to be in crisis. Moreover, the way that the media and politicians have responded to the apparent crisis of youth participation has become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A full review of young people’s place in the political environment is needed. This requires the application of different criteria for evaluating youth interests, and the avoidance of some of the most routinely used phrases to describe young people’s attitudes to politics.
The mediated portrayal of youth, politics and citizenship is critical to the future of any democratic state. Frequently charged with being dangerously apathetic, news media could look towards changing common media representations of young citizens, and promote more active contributions.
Task 9. 1 F; 2 F; 3 F; 4 T; 5 T; 6 F; 7 T; 8 F; 9 T; 10 F.
Task 1. 1 e; 2 c; 3 d; 4 a; 5 b.
Task 2. Public; religious; population; significance; merry; moon; anniversaries; traditions.
Task 4. 1 F; 2 T; 3 F; 4 T; 5 F.
1. Where did St. Valentine live?
2. What strong belief was that time?
3. Who wrote: “On Valentine’s Day all the birds of the air in couples do join”.
4. Whom are printed special cards?
5. How much can you pay for this card?
Task 6. On, of, of, in, in, of, with, on, with, on, of, on, in.
1. The New Year’s Day
in Scotland people bring a piece of coal for good luck
2. St. Valentine’s Day
people buy or make cards and send them to the people they love
3. Mother’s Day
all the children and adults, come to their mothers on that day to express their love and gratitude
children eat chocolate Easter eggs
5. Father’s Day
children give or send their fathers and grandfathers cards and presents
ghosts and witches come out on this day
7. Christmas Day
the traditional meal is roasted turkey and pudding
Task 2. 1 f; 2 e; 3 d; 4 c; 5 b; 6 a.
Task 3. Was influenced; invaded; brought; mixed; kept; were tied; are eaten; was done; used; to travel; began; lifted; went; showed; started; began; formed; enjoyed; were accounted; have replaced; is called; is served; is cooked; swim; like.
Task 4. 1. Multicultural; religious; inspiration; culinary pride; fish.
Task 5. 1 F; 2 T; 3 T; 4 F; 5 T.
Task 6. 1 b; 2 a; 3 c; 4 b; 5 a.
Task 8. Criticize; overcooked; ingredients; fish; disappointment; difficult; reasonable.
Task 3. 1 k; 2 d; 3 a; 4 n; 5 l; 6 f; 7 j; 8 b; 9 m; 10 e; 11 c; 12 g; 13 h; 14 i.
Task 8. 1 T; 2 F; 3 F; 4 T; 5 F; 6 F; 7 T; 8 F; 9 F; 10 F.
Task 1. 1 e, 2 d, 3 g, 4 b, 5 c, 6 a, 7 f.
Task 2. 1 walking; 2 “keep fit”; 3 leisure; 4 to go to spend their leisure time and money; 5 people can play or relax there all day.
Task 3. 1 T; 2 F; 3 F; 4 F; 5 T.
Task 5. 1 ground, crash-programme; 2 proportion, municipal; 3 Romans, armour; 4 leather, feathers; 5 invention, rubber.
Task 6. 1 golf; 2 badminton; 3 football; 4 horse-riding; 5 darts.
Task 8. Originated; have; think; encouraged; played; said; is played, watched; played; is concerned; cought; is held; have taken.
Task 16. 1 k; 2 j; 3 f; 4 c; 5 b; 6 e; 7 l; 8 o; 9 n; 10 m; 11 g; 12 a; 13 h; 14 i; 15 d.
Task 19. 1 the; 2 a; 3 a; 4 -; 5 the; 6 the; 7 -; 8 the; 9 the; 10 a; 11 -; 12 the; 13 the; 14 -; 15 -; 16 the.
Task 20. 1 are transmitted; 2 has been; 3 are; 4 have been set up; 5 carries; 6 transmit; 7 are; 8 provide; 9 broadcast; 10 is; 11 carries.
Task 1. 1 a; 2 b; 3 b; 4 c; 5 b; 6 a; 7 b; 8 b; 9 c; 10 b.
Task 2. 1 dinner; 2 Wimbledon; 3 Newton; 4 Oxford and Cambridge; 5 Liverpool; 6 cricket; 7 Diana; 8 1785; 9 The Times; “The Guardian”, “The Daily Telegraph”, “Daily Mirror”, “Daily Express”; 10 about 60.