ДИДАКТИЧНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ ДО СПЕЦКУРСУ «КРАЇНОЗНАВСТВО ВЕЛИКОБРИТАНІЇ» II семестр. ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік

LESSON 19 Practical training "British Cinema"

Aims and objectives:

- to practice students' habits of getting additional information from the text;

- to develop students' speaking, writing and grammar skills;

- to expand students' knowledge about cinema in Great Britain.

PROCEDURE

I. INTRODUCTION

Greeting

T. Good morning, students! I’m glad to see you today! Today we are going to work on the topic “British Cinema”.

Warm up

Task 1. Answer the questions.

1. What genres of films can you name?

2. What role does cinema play in our life?

3. What famous actors and actresses can you name?

II. THE MAIN PART

Reading and grammar

Task 2. Read, translate and complete the text.

Productions, impact, identity, the studios, industry, cinema, debate, motion pictures

The United Kingdom has had a large ... on modern ... and has one the most respected film industries in the world. Despite a history of successful ..., the industry is characterised by an ongoing ... about its ... (including economic and cultural issues) and the influences of American and European cinema, although it is fair to say a brief “golden age” was enjoyed in the 1940s from ... of J. Arthur Rank and Alexander Korda. The British film ... has produced some of the greatest actors, directors and ... of all time including Sir Alfred Hitchcock, Powell and Pressburger, Sir David Lean, Sir Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh, Audrey Hepburn, Sir John Gielgud, Sir Sean Connery, Sir Michael Caine and Sir Anthony Hopkins.

Task 3. Match.

1. Vivien

a) Gielgud

2. Audrey

b) Hepburn

3. Sir Alfred

c) Lean

4. Sir David

d) Connery

5. Sir Lawrence

e) Hopkins

6. Sir John

f) Leigh

7. Sir Sean

g) Hitchcock

8. Sir Anthony

h) Olivier

Task 4. Read and match the dates with the events.

EARLY BRITISH CINEMA

Modern cinema is generally regarded as descending from the work of the French Lumiere brothers in 1895, and their show first came to London in 1896. However, the first moving pictures developed on celluloid film were made in Hyde Park, London in 1889 by William Friese Greene, a British inventor, who patented the process in 1890.

The first people to build and run a working 35 mm camera in Britain were Robert W. Paul and Birt Acres. They made the first British film Incident at Clovelly Cottage in February 1895, shortly before falling out over the camera’s patent. Soon several British film companies had opened to meet the demand for new films, such as Mitchell and Kenyon in Blackburn. From 1898 American producer Charles Urban expanded the London-based Warwick Trading Company to produce British films, mostly documentary and news. He later formed his own Charles Urban Trading Company, which also produced early colour films. There are many comparisons with the Danish History of film. The early films were often melodramatic in tone, and there was a distinct preference for storylines which were already known to the audience — in particular adaptations of Shakespeare plays and Dickens’ novels.

In 1920 the short-lived company Minerva Films was founded in London by the actor Leslie Howard (also producer and director) and his friend and story editor Adrian Brunel. Some of their early films include four written by A. A. Milne including The Bump, starring Aubrey Smith; Twice Two; Five Pound Reward; and Bookworms. Some of these films survive in the archives of the British Film Institute.

Dates

Events

1. In 1920

a) modern cinema is generally regarded as descending from the work of the French Lumiere brothers

2. From 1898

b) Robert W. Paul and Birt Acres made the first British film Incident at Clovelly Cottage

3. In February 1895

c) the first moving pictures developed on celluloid film were made in Hyde Park

4. In 1889

d) the short-lived company Minerva Films was founded in London by the actor Leslie Howard

5. In 1895

e) American producer Charles Urban expanded the London-based Warwick Trading Company to produce British films

Task 5. Put the verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice.

THE 1930S CINEMA BOOM

In the silent era, with English actor Charlie Chaplin its biggest star, audiences were receptive to films from all nations. Alfred Hitchcock’s Blackmail (1929) ... (to regard) as the first British sound feature. It was a part-talkie with a synchronised score and sound effects. Later the same year, the first all-talking British feature, The Clue of the New Pin (1929) ... (to release). It ... (to base) on a novel by Edgar Wallace, starring Donald Calthrop, Benita Home and Fred Raines, made by British Lion at their Beaconsfield Studios. The first all-colour sound feature ... (to produce) by British International Pictures and starred Alexander D’Arcy and Marguerite Allan. In 1930, the first all-colour all-talking British feature, “Harmony Heaven” (1930), ... (to release). It ... (to produce) by British International Pictures and starred Polly Ward and Stuart Hall.

Several other new talents emerged during this period, and Alfred Hitchcock would confirm his status as one of the UK’s leading young directors with his influential thrillers “The Man Who Knew Too Much” (1934), “The 39 Steps (1935)” and “The Lady Vanishes” (1938), before moving to Hollywood.

Many of the most important British productions of the 1930s ... (to produce) by London Films, founded by the Hungarian emigre Alexander Korda.

Task 6. Read the text and complete the sentences.

THE 1960S BOOM

American directors were regularly working in London throughout the decade, but several became permanent residents in the UK. Blacklisted in America, Joseph Losey had a significant influence on British cinema in the 60s, particularly with his collaborations with playwright Harold Pinter and leading man Dirk Bogarde, including “The Servant” (1963) and “Accident” (1967). Voluntary emigres Stanley Kubrick and Richard Lester were also influential. Lester had major hits with “The Knack ... and How to Get It” (1965), and The Beatles films “A Hard Day’s Night” (1964) and “Help!” (1965), after which it became standard for each new pop group to have a verite style feature film made about them. Kubrick settled in Hertfordshire in the early 60s and would remain in England for the rest of his career. The special effects team assembled to work on his 1968 film 2001: “A Space Odyssey” would add significantly to the British industry’s importance in this field over the following decades.

1. American directors were regularly working in London throughout the decade, but several became . in the UK.

2. ... had a significant influence on British cinema in the 60s.

3. Voluntary emigres ... and ... were also influential on British cinema in the 60s.

4. The Beatles films ... and ... (1965), after which it became standard for each new pop group to have a verite style feature film made about them.

5. “A Space Odyssey” would add significantly to … in this field over the following decades.

Task 7. Read the text and fill the necessary preposition.

BRITISH CINEMA IN THE 1990S

Film production ... the UK hit one of its all-time lows ... 1989. While cinema audiences were climbing ... the UK ... the early 1990s, few British films were enjoying significant commercial success, even ... the home market. Among the more notable exceptions were the Merchant Ivory productions “Howards End” (1992) and “The Remains of the Day” (1993), “Richard Attenborough’s Chaplin” (1992) and “Shadowlands” (1993) and Neil Jordan’s acclaimed thriller “The Crying Game” (1992).

The new appetite ... British comedy films lead to the popular comedies “Brassed Off” (1996), and “The Full Monty” (1997). The latter film unexpectedly became a runaway success and broke British box office records. Produced ... under $4 mln and grossing $257 mln internationally, studios were encouraged to start smaller subsidiaries dedicated to looking ... other low budget productions capable … producing similar returns.

American productions also began to return to British studios ... the mid-1990s, including “Interview with the Vampire” (1994), “Mission — Impossible” (1996), “Saving Private Ryan” (1998), “Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace” (1999) and “The Mummy” (1999), as well as the French production “The Fifth Element” (1997), at the time claimed to be the most expensive film made ... the UK.

Task 8. Read the text and match the parts of the sentences.

BRITISH CINEMA SINCE 2000

The new century has so far been a relatively successful one for the British film industry. Many British films have found a wide international audience, and some of the independent production companies, such as “Working Title”, have secured financing and distribution deals with major American studios. “Working Title” scored three major international successes, all starring Hugh Grant, with the romantic comedies “Bridget Jones’s Diary” (2001), which grossed $254 million worldwide; the sequel “Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason”, which earned $228 million; and Richard Curtis’s directorial debut “Love Actually” (2003), which grossed $239 million.

The new decade saw a major new film series in the US-backed but British made Harry Potter films, beginning with “Harry Potter” and “The Philosopher’s Stone” in 2001. David Heyman’s company Heyday Films has produced five sequels, with two more shooting in 2009.

The turn of the new century saw a revival of the British horror film. Lead by Danny Boyle’s acclaimed hit “28 Days Later” (2002), other examples included “Dog Soldiers”, “The Descent” and the comedy “Shaun of the Dead”.

2009 saw a diverse range of British films. “The Boat That Rocked” was a Richard Curtis all-star comedy set in the world of pirate radio in the mid-1960s. “An Education” was a coming-of-age drama set in London 1961. In “The Loop” satirized contemporary Westminster politics and, in particular, the events leading up to the Iraq war. “Nowhere Boy” dramatised the boyhood of John Lennon and “Fish Tank” looked at teenage girl’s relationship with an older man on a present-day Essex council estate. Daniel Barber’s first feature-length motion picture, “Harry Brown”, applied social realistic cinematography to gritty content in a vigilante thriller.

1. The new century has so far been a relatively

a) a wide international audience

2. Many British films have found

b) a revival of the British horror film

3. The turn of the new century saw

c) with major American studios

4. “Working Title”, have secured financing and distribution deals

d) successful one for the British film industry

5. “The Boat That Rocked” was a Richard Curtis all-star comedy set in

e) the world of pirate radio in the mid-1960s

III. SUMMING UP

Speaking

Task 9. Answer the questions.

1. Can you name the most important periods of British cinema development?

2. What famous British directors, actors, actresses can you name?

3. What is your favourite British film? Describe it!

Home assignment

Write about your favourite British actor or actress and stick pictures.

Additional material to the topic "British Cinema"

Task 9. Read the text. Agree or disagree with the statements.

DIVERGENT 90’S

Film production in Britain hit one of its all-time lows in 1989. While cinema audiences were climbing in the UK in the early 1990s, few British films were enjoying significant commercial success, even in the home market. Among the more notable exceptions were the Merchant Ivory productions Howards End (1992) and The Remains of the Day (1993), Richard Attenborough’s Chaplin (1992) and Shadowlands (1993) and Neil Jordan’s acclaimed thriller The Crying Game (1992).

The surprise success of the Richard Curtis-scripted comedy “Four Weddings and a Funeral” (1994), especially in the United States, lead to renewed interest and investment in British films, and set a pattern for British-set romantic comedies, including “Sliding Doors” (1998), “Notting Hill” (1999) and the Bridget Jones films. Several of these were also written by Curtis, who went on to make his directorial debut with “Love Actually” in 2003. Working Title Films, the company behind many of these films, quickly became one of the most successful British production companies, with other box office hits including “Bean” (1997), “Elizabeth” (1998) and “Captain Corelli’s Mandolin” (2001).

Note should also be made of Channel 4’s own production company “Film on four” which soon became “FilmFour” turning out some classic cinema such as “Trainspotting”, “Brassed Off” and “Lock Stock and Two Smoking Barrels”. By July 2002 Channel 4 had regained power over its subsidiary and decided to return to commercial TV. With the introduction of public funding for British films through the new National Lottery something of a production boom occurred in the late 1990s, but only a few of these films found significant commercial success, and many went unreleased.

There was no shortage of acting talent around at this time with actors like Ewan McGregor and Ralph Fiennes truly cutting their teeth. Directors to like Sam Mendes and Anthony Minghella began to come to the fore.

1. Film production in Britain hit one of its all-time lows in 1979.

2. Curtis went on to make his directorial debut with “Love Actually” in 2003.

3. Note should also be made of Channel 4’s own production company “Film on five”.

4. By July 2002 Channel 4 had regained power over its subsidiary and decided to return to commercial TV.

Task 10. Complete the sentences with prepositions.

21ST CENTURY

So what does the first decade ... the 21st century hold for truly British Cinema — I would have to speculate rather depressingly. In terms ... actors and actresses there are plenty still begin discovered and Jude Law, Clive Owen, Keira Knightly Christian Bale, loan Gruffudd and Damian Lewis carry the candle. In terms ... quilt British film making Billy Elliott and Bend it like Beckham are two that would make it onto my short list.

The government needs to be serious ... funding and plough a great deal more ... the film industry and establish a quality British production company.

The turn ... the new century also saw a revival of sorts of the British horror film, The Hole, 28 Days Later, Dog Soldiers and the comedy Shaun ... the Dead being among the more successful examples.





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