ДИДАКТИЧНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ ДО СПЕЦКУРСУ «КРАЇНОЗНАВСТВО ВЕЛИКОБРИТАНІЇ» II семестр. ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік

LESSON 20 Practical training "Musical Traditions of Great Britain"

Aims and objectives:

- to introduce and practice vocabulary, grammar;

- to develop skills in reading and speaking;

- to gain knowledge and interest in the history of British music.

PROCEDURE

I. INTRODUCTION

Greeting. Introducing the topic

T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic “Musical Traditions of Great Britain”.

Warm up

Task 1. Answer the questions.

1. What is the role of music in people’s life?

2. What music styles do you know?

3. What is folk music?

4. What is your favourite music?

II. THE MAIN PART

Task 2. Read the text.

MUSIC AND MUSICIANS

The people living in the British Isles are very fond of music, and it is quite natural that concerts of the leading symphony orchestras, numerous folic groups and pop music are very popular.

The Promenade concerts are probably the most famous. They were first held in 1840 in the Queen’s Hall, and later were directed by Sir Henry Wood. They still continue today in the Royal Albert Hall. They take place every night for about three months in the summer, and the programmes include new and contemporary works, as well as classics. Among them are symphonies and other pieces of music composed by Benjamin Britten, the famous English musician.

Usually, there is a short winter season lasting for about a fortnight. The audience may either listen to the music from a seat or from the “promenade”, where they can stand or stroll about, or, if there is room, sit down on the floor.

Concerts are rarely given out-of-doors today except for concerts by brass bands and military bands that play in the parks and at seaside resorts during the summer.

Folk music is still very much alive. There are many foul groups. Their harmony singing and good humour win them friends everywhere.

Rock and pop music is extremely popular, especially among younger people. In the 60s and 70s groups such as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Who, Led Zeppelin and Pink Floyd became very popular and successful.

The Beatles, with their style of singing new and exciting, their wonderful sense of humour became the most successful pop group the world has ever known. Many of the famous songs written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney are still popular. Some of the more recent rock groups are Eurhythmics, Dire Straits, and the Offspring.

British groups often set new trends in music. New staff and styles continue to appear. One of the most popular contemporary musicians and composers is Andrew Lloyd Webber. The musicals and rock operas by A. L. Webber have been a great success both in Britain and overseas.

The famous English composer of the 19th century was Arthur Sullivan. Together with William Gilbert, the writer of the texts, he created fourteen operettas of which eleven are regularly performed today. In these operettas the English so successfully laugh at themselves and at what they now call the Establishment that W. S. Gilbert and A. Sullivan will always be remembered.

Task 3. Complete the following sentences.

1. Concerts of the leading symphony orchestras, numerous folic groups and pop music ... .

2. The Promenade concerts were first held ... .

3. Benjamin Britten is ... .

4. The Promenade concerts are ... .

5. Folk music ... .

6. Rock and pop music ... .

7. The Beatles ... .

8. Arthur Sullivan ... .

Task 4. Divide the text into logical parts. Suggest appropriate title for each part. Use this plan to retell the text.

Task 5. Read the information about music in Britain.

MUSIC IN BRITAIN FROM 1920S TO THE PRESENT DAY

1920s — Young people listened to ragtime and jazz.

1930s — Swing became popular. Benny Goodman and his Orchestra were the “King of the Swing”, as were Glenn Miller and Artie Shaw. The music was fast and frantically paced and led to dances being banned from dance halls, as the young women being flung into the air by their partners showed their stocking tops and underwear. Jazz continued to be popular.

1940s — The Second World War brought fast, frantic (and often American) dance music — boogie-woogie or jitterbug. Dances were held in church halls, village halls, clubs, Air Force bases — everywhere! But slower, romantic songs were also popular as loved ones went away to fight, such as Vera Lynn’s “We’ll Meet Again” and the song about coming home again, “The White Cliffs of Dover”.

After the war “skiffle” bands became popular. These bands used household items, such as washboards and tea chests, as part of their set of instruments! Tommy Steele, who later became very famous, first played in a skiffle band.

1950s — Rock and Roll became very popular.

1960s — The Beatles began their career. They leapt to fame in 1963 with “Please, Please Me”.

The Beatles moved through the late 1960s as favourites of the “flower power” generation — many young people enjoyed “hippie” music. Other teenagers preferred the music of the “Mods” — ska music and The Who.

1970s — The first big new sound of the 1970s was “Glam Rock”, the main figures of this were David Bowie, Elton John and of course Gary Glitter. In the bleak political backdrop, these larger than life British bands and characters brought a welcome relief with their platform boots, sequins, nail varnish and colourful hair.

Punk

The punk movement of the late 1970s began in England. Great British bands of this scene were The Sex Pistols and The Clash. The Punk style was Mohicans, bondage clothes, safety pins, piercings and bovver boots.

1980s — The 1980s saw the rise of hip hop and rap music, with American influences powerful once again in the form of such groups as Run DMC and Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. It also saw the rise and fall of the “New Romantics”, typified by groups like Adam and the Ants, who dressed as pirates and highway men and wore huge amounts of makeup.

1990s — Britpop This was the general name given in the 1990s to a new wave of successful British bands who made a big impact in the United States and Europe, as well as in England. The most successful have been Radiohead, Oasis, Blur, Pulp, Massive Attack and The Spice Girls.

Task 6. Match music styles with their definitions.

1) ragtime

a) a style of popular music developed in England during the 1940s, deriving from hillbilly music and rock’n’roll, and played on a heterogeneous group of instruments, as guitar, washboard, ceramic jug, washtub, and kazoo

2) jazz

b) is a subgenre of alternative rock that originated in the United Kingdom. It emerged from the British independent music scene of the early 1990s and was characterised by bands influenced by British guitar pop music of the 1960s and 1970s

3) swing

c) is an original musical genre which enjoyed its peak popularity between 1897 and 1918. Its main characteristic trait is its syncopated, or “ragged”, rhythm

4) boogie-woogie (jitterbug)

d) a form of instrumental blues, esp. for piano, using melodic variations over a constantly repeated bass figure

5) skiffle

e) a style of popular music that derives in part from blues and folk music and is marked by a heavily accented beat and a simple, repetitive phrase structure

6) rock and roll

f) is a musical genre that developed as part of hip hop culture, and is defined by four key stylistic elements: rapping, DJing / scratching, sampling (or synthesis), and beatboxing

7) hippie music

g) term used to describe the sense of propulsive rhythmic “feel” or “groove” in jazz

8) glam rock

h) is distinct from spoken word poetry in that is it performed in time to a beat

9) punk

i) a music genre that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States from a confluence of African and European music traditions

10) hip hop

j) is a style of rock and pop music that developed in the UK in the early 1970s, which was performed by singers and musicians who wore outrageous clothes, makeup and hairstyles, particularly platform-soled boots and glitter

11) rap

k) is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia

12) Britpop

l) music of the youth movement who created their own social groups and communities, listened to psychedelic rock, embraced the sexual revolution, and used drugs such as marijuana and LSD to explore alternative states of consciousness

Task 7. Write the events in the music life which took place at the following times.

1) 1920s 5)1960s

2) 1930s 6)1970s

3) 1940s 7)1980s

4) 1950s 8)1990s

III. SUMMING UP

Speaking

Task 8. Answer the questions.

♦ What do you remember from the history of British music?

Home assignment

What is your favourite music style? Why?

Additional material to the topic

"Musical Traditions of Great Britain"

Task 9. Ask questions and complete the text.

MUSIC OF ENGLAND

Group I

What? is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties, jigs, hornpipes and dance music. It has What?. Wynkyn de Worde printed ballads of Robin Hood from the 16th century are an important artefact, as are What collections?. Some of the best known songs are The Good Old Way, Pastime with Good Company, Maggie May and Spanish Ladies amongst others. Many nursery rhymes are of What origin? such as Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, Roses are red, Jack and Jill, Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush and Humpty Dumpty.

Early English composers in classical music include Renaissance artists Thomas Tallis and William Byrd, followed up by Henry Purcell from What? period. German-born George Frideric Handel became a British subject and spent most of his composing life in London, creating What?. There was a revival in the profile of composers from England in the 20th century led by Whom?. Present-day composers from England include Michael Nyman, best known for What?

In the field of popular music many English bands and solo artists have been cited as Who?. Acts such as The Beatles, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, Elton John, Queen, Rod Stewart and The Rolling Stones are among the highest selling recording artists in the world. What? have origins or strong associations with England, such as British invasion, hard rock, glam rock, heavy metal, mod, britpop, drum and bass, progressive rock, punk rock, indie rock, gothic rock, shoegazing, acid house, UK garage, trip hop and dubstep.

What festivals? in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury, V Festival, Reading and Leeds Festivals. The most prominent opera house in England is What? at Covent Gardens. The Proms, What is it?, is a major cultural event held annually. What? is one of the world’s foremost classical ballet companies, its reputation built on two prominent figures of 20th century dance, prima ballerina Margot Fonteyn and choreographer Frederick Ashton.

Group II

The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly What genres?. It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. Wynkyn de Worde printed ballads of Robin Hood from the 16th century are What?, as are John Playford’s The Dancing Master and Robert Harley’s Roxburghe Ballads collections. Some of the best known songs are What songs?. Many nursery rhymes are of English origin such as Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, Roses are red, Jack and Jill, Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush and Humpty Dumpty.

Early English composers in classical music include What artists?, followed up by Henry Purcell from the Baroque period. Who? became a British subject and spent most of his composing life in London, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, The Messiah, Water Music, and Music for the Royal Fireworks. There was a revival in the profile of composers from England When? led by Benjamin Britten, Frederick Delius, Edward Elgar, Gustav Holst, Ralph Vaughan Williams and others. Who? include Michael Nyman, best known for The Piano.

In the field of popular music many English bands and Who? have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time. Acts such as The Beatles, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, Elton John, Queen, Rod Stewart and The Rolling Stones are among What artists? Many musical genres have origins or strong associations with England, such as British invasion, What genres?

Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as What festivals?. The most prominent opera house in England is the Royal Opera House at Where? The Proms, a season of orchestral classical music concerts held at the Royal Albert Hall, is What? The Royal Ballet is one of What?, its reputation built on two prominent figures of 20thcentury dance, prima ballerina Margot Fonteyn and choreographer Frederick Ashton.

Task 10. Divide the text into logical parts, give them titles. Use the plan to retell the text.





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