Дидактичні матеріали до спецкурсу «Країнознавство Великобританії» II семестр. Плани-конспекти уроків - В. В. Кончіч 2016
Practical training «British Modern Literature»
Aims and objectives:
- to introduce and practice vocabulary, grammar;
- to develop skills in reading and speaking; to develop interactive skills based on the country study;
- to gain knowledge and interest in the history of modern English literature.
Greeting. Introducing the topic
T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic «British Modern Literature».
Task 1. Answer the questions.
1. What is the role of books?
2. How can literature influence people’s life?
3. What famous British writers can you name?
II. THE MAIN PART
Task 2. Read and answer the questions.
1. What is the reason of popularity of English literature?
2. What is the role of literature?
The interest, raised recently towards English language, the development of international relations on different levels has reasoned the desire to learn as much as possible about the country where this language originated as well as about its culture.
The literature is that magic key that opens the door of cognition of many sphere of human knowledge. It helps us to learn some interesting facts about t history, to know more about people’s life in other countries. Sometimes, while reading a book, we can analyse actions of its characters and it helps us to draw some certain conclusion. That’s why I find studying foreign literature is not only interesting, but also very useful.
Task 3. Ask questions and complete the text.
What period? was a time when the crisis of the bourgeois world reached its highest point and revolutions took place in several countries. The writers of this period tried to show how a new society might be built up. But many bourgeois writers who were opposed to revolutions saw What?. They explained this crisis as a failure of civilisation.
What method of writing? had already started early in the 20th century. It was in the twenties, that there appeared What writers?. They thought reality to be superficial — it was only a world of appearances. The cause of everything that happened, — that is what led to events — was the irrational, the unconscious and the mystical in man. These writers called the inner psychological process How? and based a new literary technique upon it.
The most important to use this new literary technique was James Joyce (1882-1941). He influenced many writers on both sides of Atlantic.
The portrayal of the stream of consciousness as a literary technique is particularly evident Where?. The task he set before himself was to present a day in ordinary life, as a miniature picture of the whole of human history.
Among the writers of short stories who used the realistic method were Who?. Though the works of these writers differ very much in their artistic approach, their authors had one feature in common: to them the stability of the existing social and political order seemed unquestionable.
The period between 1917 and 1930 was a time when the crisis of the bourgeois world reached its highest point and revolutions took place in several countries. The writers of this period tried to show What?. But many bourgeois writers who were opposed to revolutions saw nothing but chaos and anarchy before them. They explained this crisis as What?.
A symbolic method of writing had already started When?. It was in the twenties, that there appeared writers who refused to acknowledge reality as such. They thought reality to be superficial — it was only a world of appearances. The cause of everything that happened,- that is what led to events — was What? These writers called the inner psychological process «the stream of consciousness» and based a new literary technique upon it.
The most important to use this new literary technique was Who? He influenced many writers on both sides of Atlantic.
The portrayal of the stream of consciousness as a literary technique is particularly evident in his major novel Ulysses (1922). The task he set before himself was What? Among the writers of short stories who used the realistic method were Katherine Mansfield and Somerset Maugham. Though the works of these writers differ very much in their artistic approach, their authors had one feature in common: What feature?
Task 4. Complete the information.
Aim; generation; group; poetry; decline; the Oxford Poets; movement; leader; literature; period; decade
The second ... in the development of English literature of the 20th century was the ... between 1930 and World War II.
A new ... of realist writers, among them Richard Aldington, J. B. Priestley, A. J. Cronin and others appear on the literary scene.
An important event in the literary life of the thirties was the formation of a ... of Marxist writers, poets and critics. Their ... was Ralph Fox (1900-1937). Ralph Fox’s main work is his book «The novel and the people», published posthumously in 1937. The ... of the author was to show the decline of bourgeois art, and the novel in particular, together with the ... of the bourgeois in general. At the same time Ralph Fox sought to point out the way ... should develop in the future.
This feeling of important change and the heroic spirit of the antifascist struggle found its outlet in the first place in the development of ... . The trio of poets, Auden, Spender and Day Lewis, had in many ways inaugurated the new ... which sought to fuse poetry and politics. They stood out as representative figures, and on the whole they held this position till the year 1938. Then began the rapidly extending crisis of the movement. This group, usually known as ... , was very popular in its time. But the movement did not last long.
Task 5. Find 10 mistakes in the text.
After World War II there appeared young writers, what are ready to keep up the standard of wholesome optimism, and mature writers, who have passed through a certain creative crisis.
In the fifties there appear a very interesting trend in literature, the followers of which was called «The Angry Young Man». The postwar changes had gave a chance to a large number of young from the more democratic layers of society to receive high education at universities. But on graduating, this students found they had no prospects in life; unemployment had increased after the war.
There appeared works dealing with such characters, angry young man who were angry with everything and everybody, as no one was interested in learn what their ideas on life and society were. Outstanding writers of this trend were John Wain, Kingsley Amis and the dramatist John Osborne.
The sixties seen a new type of literature. The criticism was revealed in the «working-class novel» as it was called. These novels deal with characters coming from the working class. The best known writer of this trend is Alan Sillitoe.
Since sixties the literary life in Great Britain developed greatly. The new time brings new heroes, new experience in theatrical life and poetry, new forms and standards in prosaic works. The specific feature of nowadays literature is the variety of genres and styles, which enrich the world’s literature.
Task 6. Listen to the text.
MODERN ENGLISH WRITERS
During the 1970’s and early 1980’s, such famous writers as Greene, Lessing and Le Carre continued to produce important novels.
New writers like D. M. Thomas who blended fiction with actual events and famous people in «The White Hotel» (1981) also appeared.
John Fowles combined adventure and mystery in such novels as «The French Lieutenant’s Woman» (1969), Muriel Spark’s novels, such as «The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie» (1961) and «The Only Problem» (1984), are often comic but with disturbing undertones.
Perhaps the three leading English writers are graham Greene, Iris Murdoch and Agatha Christie, that is read and loved not only in her native country.
Graham Greene is one of the most outstanding novelists of modern English literature. He is talented and sincere, but at the same time his world outlook is characterised by sharp contradictions.
Greene’s novels deal with real life burning problems. His observations are concentrated on the actual details of poverty and misery. The author penetrates into weak spots in the capitalist world, does not try to find out the reasons for the evil he sees. Social conditions are shown only as a background to his novels. Neither does he try to comprehend the causes of spiritual crises experienced by his contemporaries. Decadent motives are to be found in his novels, though he does not lead the reader away from reality into the world of dreams and fantasy, and in most of novels he reveals the truth of life.
Iris Murdoch has written novels, drama, philosophical criticism, critical theory, poetry, a short story, a pamphlet, and a libretto or an opera based on her play «The Servants and the Snow», but she is best known and the most successful as a philosopher and a novelist.
Murdoch began to write prose in 1953. She soon became very popular with the English readers. All her novels Under the Net, The Flight from the Enchanter, The Sandcastle, The Unicorn, The Red and the Green, The Time of Angels, An Accidental Man, The Black Prince, and many others are characterized by the deep interest in philosophical problems and in the inner world of man. Iris Murdoch shows the loneliness and sufferings of the human being in the hostile world.
Agatha Christie (1891-1976) is the woman who has become one of the most popular and prolific of all English detective novelists.
Once, after reading in a magazine that she was «the world’s most mysterious woman», Agatha Christie complained to her agent: «What do they suggest I am! A Bank Robber or a Bank Robber’s wife? I am an ordinary successful hard-working author — like any other author. «Her success was not exactly ordinary. She produced nearly 90 novels and collections of stories in a lifetime that spanned 85 years. One of her plays, The Mousetrap, opened in London in 1952 and is still running.
Joanne Kathleen Rowling
Joanne Kathleen Rowling is one of the most famous and successful modern English writers. She is known all over the world. Her books about Harry Potter, which are read by children of different countries and of different ages, have become the bestsellers.
Task 7. Agree or disagree the statements.
1. Jean Brodie is one of the most outstanding novelists of modern English literature.
2. Greene’s novels deal with political problems.
3. Graham Greene found out the reasons for the evil.
4. The most of novels Graham reveals are the truth of life.
5. Iris Murdoch was the woman who has become one of the most popular and prolific of all English detective novelists
6. Iris Murdoch is best known and the most successful as a philosopher and a poet.
7. Murdoch began to write prose in 1953.
8. Iris Murdoch shows the loneliness and sufferings of the human being in the hostile world.
9. Agatha Christie was a bank robber.
10. Her success was ordinary.
Task 8. Read and discuss some wise quotations from «Harry Potter".
✵ The truth. It is a beautiful and terrible thing, and should therefore be treated with great caution. The Sorcerer’s Stone
✵ ...To have been loved so deeply, even though the person who loved us is gone, will give us some protection forever. The Sorcerer’s Stone
✵ It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to our enemies, but just as much to stand up to our friends. The Sorcerer’s Stone
✵ It is our choices, Harry, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities. The Chamber of Secrets
✵ You can exist without your soul, you know, as long as your brain and heart are still working. But you’ll have no sense of self anymore, no memory, no ... anything. There’s no chance at all of recovery. You’ll just — exist. As an empty shell. The Prisoner of Azkaban
✵ You think the dead we loved ever truly leave us? You think that we don’t recall them more clearly than ever in times of great trouble?. You know, Harry, in a way, you did see your father last night. You found him inside yourself. The Prisoner of Azkaban
✵ Understanding is the first step to acceptance, and only with acceptance can there be recovery. The Goblet of Fire
✵ You place too much importance... on the so-called purity of blood! You fail to recognize that it matters not what someone is born, but what they grow to be! The Goblet of Fire
III. SUMMING UP
Task 9. Answer the questions.
1. How can you characterize the literature of the twenties / the thirties / Post-War Literature?
2. What English writers can you name?
3. What are they famous for?
Choose a quotation. Expound the point of view given in it.
Additional material to the topic «British Modern Literature»
Task 10. Read the text.
JOANNE KATHLEEN ROWLING
One of the most successful modern English writers is J. K. Rowling. She is known all over the world. Her books about Harry Potter, which are read by children of different countries and of different ages, have become the bestsellers.
Rowling became an international literary sensation in 1999, when the first three installments of her Harry Potter children’s book series took over the top three slots in the New York Times best-seller list after achieving similar success in her native United Kingdom. The phenomenal response to Rowling’s books culminated in July 2000, when the fourth volume in the series, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, became the fastest-selling book in history. Rowling now one of Britain’s richest women, plans a total of seven books, each chronicling a year in the life of Harry Potter, a young wizard, and this motley band of cohorts at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.
J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter novels begin when the orphaned British 10-year-old discovers he has a magical heritage and enters Hogwarts School to learn how to be a wizard. With each book, Harry and his classmates age a year, and with each year the record-breaking success of the series grows. In September 1999, Harry Potter even made the cover of Time magazine, which called the phenomenon «one of the most bizarre and surreal in the annals of publishing».
Rowling’s success has turned nonreaders into Harry addicts, and Potter books have taken the top three spots in The New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and USA Today adult bestseller lists. Forbes magazine’s Celebrity 100 list places Joanne Kathleen Rowling (35 this July) as the 24th-highest celebrity earner in the world, wedged between Michael Jordan and Cher at $40 million earned in the past year. Around the world, her books have sold 30 million copies and have been translated into 35 languages.
Harry Potter is now the most famous boy in the world. Children of all the countries admire him and his adventures. It seems almost impossible to imagine a world without the Harry Potter novels. Not only did these books — which chronicle the education of boy wizard Harry Potter — become a worldwide phenomenon, they encouraged kids (and adults) in the video age to drop everything in favor of an unlikely object of obsession: books. While the fun of fantasy might be its otherworldliness, its power lies is the truths it reveals about the real world. So the magical world of Harry Potter, a world of flying cars and dragons, unicorns and magic potions, invisibility cloaks and evil powers, becomes real as readers discover truths about bravery, loyalty, choice, and the power of love. They believe in Harry because of his human qualities, especially his human frailties.
Task 11. Complete the sentences.
1. J. K. Rowling is ... .
2. Her books about Harry Potter have become ... .
3. Rowling became an international literary sensation in ... .
4. The fastest-selling book in history is ... .
5. J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter novels begin when ... .
6. In September 1999 ... .
7. Forbes magazine’s Celebrity 100 list places Joanne Kathleen Rowling as ... .
8. Her books have sold 30 million copies and have been translated into ... .
Task 12. Answer the questions.
1. Why is J. K. Rowling so popular nowadays?
2. When did she become an international literary sensation?
3. Who is Harry Potter?
4. What popularity did Harry Potter achieve?
5. How does the book influence children?
Task 13. My attitude towards J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels.