Дидактичні матеріали до спецкурсу «Країнознавство Великобританії» II семестр. Плани-конспекти уроків - В. В. Кончіч 2016
Practical training «British Youth»
Aims and objectives:
- to introduce and practice vocabulary, grammar;
- to develop skills in reading and speaking;
- to expand students' knowledge about youth organizations in Great Britain and the participation of British youth in political life of their country.
Greeting. Introducing the topic
T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic «British Youth».
Task 1. Answer the questions.
1. What are the problems of British youth?
2. What youth organizations in Great Britain can you name? In your country?
II. THE MAIN PART
Task 2. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS IN GREAT BRITAIN
There ... (to be) about 60 youth organizations in Great Britain. All youth organizations ... can (to divide) into three large groups:
1) non-political organizations;
2) youth organizations associated with political parties;
3) youth organizations controlled by religious bodies.
The two largest non-political youth organizations... (to be) the associations of the Boy Scouts and the Girl Guides. There... (to be) about 1300000 boys and girls in them. The membership... (to be) voluntary.
The Scout Association... (to form) in 1908 by general Baden-Powell. His idea ... (to be) to train boys in mapping, signaling, knotting, first aid and all the skills that ... (to arise) from camping and outdoor activities. Most important of all for a Scout ... (to be) to make a promise that he ... (to do) his best to do his duty to.
The Boy Scouts (to have) a left-handed handshake, a special badge and the motto «Be Prepared». The Scout Law. (to embrace) «honour, obedience, cheerfulness, thrift and cleanliness in thought and deed.
The Scout movement ... (to intend) for boys from 11 to 14 (15), but in 1916 Baden Powell ... (to introduce) a programme for younger people. He ... (to calle) them Wolf Cubs. They ... (to have) special uniforms, badges, a special training system and the motto «Do your best!». The Wolf Cub pack ... (to base) on Kipling’s «Jungle Book» about learning to survive.
The Girl Guides Association . (to found) by Baden Pawell in 1910. It ... (to divide) into three sections: Brownies [from 7.5 to 11], Guides [from 11 to 16], Rangers [from 16 to 21].
The programme of training ... (to plan) to develop intelligence and practical skills including cookery, needlework, childcare. Like a Scout a Girl Guide must ... (to be) be a friend to animals.
There ... (to be) some other non-political organizations: the Combined Cadet Force, Sea Cadet Corps, the Woodcraft Folk, the Youth Hostels Association, the National Federation of Young Farmers Clubs, Greenpeace.
There ... (to be) several youth organizations associated with political parties. The Youth Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (YCND) ... (to unite) young people and ... (to organize) mass rallies and meetings, demonstrations, marches of protest, festivals. It ... (to co-operate) with the National Union of Students.
Religious young organizations and groups ... (to aim) at helping to elderly people or working in hospitals. There ... (to be) even groups where young people ... (to help) released prisoners. (to start) then life a-new. Religious organizations ... (to pay) attention not only to the study of religious views but ... (to involve) youth into such activities as music festivals and amateur theatre.
As you see, all these organizations ... (to aim) at preserving and strengthening the social and political system existing in the country. Many of them ... (to do) and still (to do) useful work in providing leisure facilities for young English people.
Task 3. Complete the sentences.
1. All youth organizations can be divided into three large groups: ... .
2. The two largest non-political youth organizations are ... .
3. In the Scout Association boys are trained in ... .
4. The Scout Law ... .
5. Wolf Cubs are ... .
6. The Girl Guides Association was founded ... .
7. Non-political organizations are ... .
8. The Youth Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament ... .
9. The aim of religious young organizations and groups is ... .
10. All these organizations ... .
Task 4. Answer the questions.
1. How many youth organizations are there in Britain?
2. What groups can they be divided into?
3. What was the idea of Baden Powell?
4. What is the motto of The Boy Scouts?
5. Who are Wolf Cubs?
6. What are the sections of the Girl Guides Association?
7. What other non-political organizations can you name?
8. What can you say about The Youth Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament?
9. What is the aim of religious young organizations and groups?
10. What common features do all these organizations have?
Task 5. Find 10 mistakes in the text.
PARTICIPATION OF BRITISH YOUTH IN THE POLITICAL LIFE OF THEIR COUNTRY
Politics are an integral part of our life. And it really doesn’t matter whether you are a politician by profession or a plumber who is far from world of politics. Actually you may not be interesting in politics but politics still will be interested in you. The fact is that every person above 18 years old both in our country and in Great Britain from the politician’s point of view regarded as a voter, his potential supporter. That’s why the participation of all the people of the country is so essential and of great importance for politicians.
Unfortunately for them the late public opinion polls showed political apathy among the young people. The sociologists say that the youth is simply not interested in political life of theirs country.
The problem of youths’ participation in the political life of a country is very ambiguous. There are several major reasons for young people’s lack of interest. They are:
1) considering politic boring and waste of time;
2) lack of knowledge about the political system of the country;
3) the assurance of no relevance of the participation;
4) excessive influence of parents on their child’s political identification.
On the other hand the rise of activity of the youth on the local level has seen recently and the interest to the nation-wide and global problems is fixated. These are good symptoms which indicate the recovery of the British society.
Of course some forms of political participation in Britain appear to be in crisis. Moreover, the way that the media and politicians have responded to the apparent crisis of youth participation have become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A full review of young people’s place in the political environment is needed. This require the application of different criteria for evaluating youth interests, and the avoidance of some of the most routinely used phrases to describe young people’s attitudes to politics.
The mediated portrayal of youth, politics and citizenship is critical to the future of any democratic state. Frequently charged with being dangerously apathetic, news media could look towards changing common media representations of young citizens, and promote more active contributions.
Task 6. Agree or disagree the statements. Expound the point of view given in the statement or prove that it is false.
1. The youth is simply not interested in political life of their country.
2. Young people consider politics boring and waste of time.
3. Parents don’t influence their child’s political identification.
4. The rise of activity of the youth on the local level has seen recently.
5. There is no relevance of the participation of British youth in the political life of their country.
III. SUMMING UP
Task 7. Answer the questions.
♦ What is the role of youth organizations in Great Britain?
What organization would you like to join? Why?
Additional material to the topic «British Youth»
Task 8. Listen to the text and complete the sentences.
Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are quite independent people. English people say that children grow up more quickly now. Relationships within the British family are different now. Children have more freedom to make their own decisions.
For example, children aged 13 may be employed part time in Great Britain. Age 15 is legally a «young person» not a «child». Age 16 is a school leaving age. They can leave home, drive a moped, marry with «parents’ consent», buy beer. Age 17 can drive a car. Age 18 can vote, get married, drink in pubs.
Education is a very important part in the life of British youth. One can’t become an independent person without it. When time comes to enter a college a young Englishman chooses one far away from home. It is a necessary part of becoming adult.
During the last 30 years there were a lot of different trends in youth movements. All of them were characterized by their own philosophy, way of life, style of dressing. Each tendency was born by the influence of economic and political changes in the society. Those trends are known as the «hippies» the «punks» the «rockers».
But certainly there are different traditional youth organizations in Great Britain.
Among them — the Scout Association, the Girl Guides Association, the National Union of Students, the Youth Club. The latter offers, for example, a wide range of sporting and social activities.
The National Union of Students was founded in 1922. It operates through local branches in colleges and universities. It promotes the educational, social and general interests of students.
But certainly the most numerous is the Scout Association, founded in 1908 for boys and in 1910 for girls by Lord Baden-Powell. The Scout movement is to encourage a sense of adventure and of responsibility for others among young people. The programme of training is planned to develop intelligence and practical skills, to promote health and a sense of service.
Scout training is complementary to the ordinary education. Scouts train in mapping, signalling, first aid and all the skills that arise from camping and similar outdoor activities.
British scouts take part in international scout meetings, which are held approximately every four years.
The membership in this or that youth organization is not compulsory in Great Britain. But everyone can find the activity he likes most.
1. Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are ... .
2. Children aged 13 may be ... .
3. When time comes to enter a college a young Englishman ... .
4. During the last 30 years there were a lot of ... .
5. Each tendency was born by the influence of ... .
6. There are different traditional youth organizations in Great Britain: ... .
7. The National Union of Students was founded ... .
8. The Scout Association was founded ... .
9. The Scout movement is ... .
10. Scouts train in ... .
Task 9. Agree or disagree the statements.
1. Most 15 and 16 year-olds in Britain are quite independent people.
2. Children have no freedom to make their own decisions.
3. Children aged 15 may leave home, drive a moped, marry with «parents’ consent».
4. Education is a very important part in the life of British youth.
5. Youth movements are characterized by their own philosophy, way of life, style of dressing.
6. The Youth Club was founded in 1922.
7. The National Union of Students promotes the educational, social and general interests of students.
8. The Scout Association was founded in 1910 for boys and in 1908 for girls by Lord Baden-Powel.
9. The Scout movement is to encourage a sense of adventure and of responsibility for others among young people.
10. International scout meetings are held approximately every five years.