ДИДАКТИЧНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ ДО СПЕЦКУРСУ «КРАЇНОЗНАВСТВО ВЕЛИКОБРИТАНІЇ» II семестр. ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік
LESSONS 27-28 Lecture and practical training "British Holidays and Traditions"
Aims and objectives:
- to practice students' habits of getting additional information from the text;
- to develop students' speaking, writing and grammar skills;
- to expand the vocabulary related to the topic.
T. Good morning, students! I’m glad to see you today! Today we are going to work on the topic “British Holidays and Traditions”.
Task 1. Match the names of the holidays with their descriptions.
1. St. Valentine Day
a) It is the annual festival commemorating the birth of Christ and observed by Orthodox Church on January, 7
b) This holiday is marked on the evening of October 31 preceding All Saints Day and is especially loved by children who on this day enjoy wearing strange costumes and getting treats
c) This holiday is celebratedon the fourth Thursday to recall the goodness of God in blessing the Pilgrims with their first good harvest
d) This holiday is the chief Christian feast which the resurrectionof Christ and is held on the first Sunday after the first full moon that comes after the spring
e) On this day people send special cards to somebody they love and also give them symbolic gifts
II. THE MAIN PART
Reading and grammar
Task 2. Read and complete the text with the words from the box.
Anniversaries; religious; significance; moon; traditions; public; population; merry
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS IN GREAT BRITAIN
There are only six ... holidays a year in Great Britain, that is days on which people need not go in to work. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Spring Bank Holiday and Late Summer Bank Holiday.
In Scotland, the New Year’s Day is also a public holiday. Most of these holidays are of ... origin, though it would be right to say that for the greater part of the ... they have long lost their religious ... and simply days on which people relax, eat, drink and make ... .
All the public holidays, except Christmas Day and Boxing Day observed on December 25th and 26th respectively, are movable, that is they do not fall on the same day each year. Good Friday and Easter Monday depend on Easter Sunday which falls on the first Sunday after a full ... on or after March 21st. The Spring Bank Holiday falls on the last Monday of May or on the first Monday of June, while the Late Summer Bank Holiday comes on the last Monday in August or on the first Monday in September, depending on which of the Mondays is nearer to June 1st and September 1st respectively.
Besides public holidays, there are other holidays, ... and simply days, for example Pancake Day and Bonfire Night, on which certain ... are observed, but unless they fall on a Sunday, they are ordinary working days.
Task 3. Read the text and say if they are true or false.
NEW YEAR IN ENGLAND
In England the New Year is not as widely or as enthusiastically observed as Christmas. Some people ignore it completely and go to bed at the time as usual on New Year’s Eve. Many others, however, do celebrate it in one way or another, the type of celebration varying much according to the local custom, family tradition and personal taste.
The most common type of celebration is a New Year party, either a family party or one arranged by a group of young people. This usually begins at about eight o’clock and goes on until the early hours of the morning. At midnight the wireless is turned on, so that everyone can hear the chimes of Big Ben (you know, it’s the bell in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament) and on the hour a toast is drunk to the New Year.
Another popular way of celebrating the New Year is to go to a New Year’s dance. Most hotels and dance halls hold a special dance on New Year’s Eve. The hall is decorated, there are several different bands the atmosphere is very gay.
January 1st, New Year’s Day, is not a public holiday, unfortunately for those who like to celebrate most of the night. Some people send New Year card and give presents but this is not a widespread custom. This is the traditional time for making “New Year resolutions”, for example, to give up smoking, or to do morning exercises and etc.
1. In England the New Year is as widely or as enthusiastically observed as Christmas.
2. The most common type of celebration is a New Year party.
3. This usually begins at about twelve o’clock and goes on until the early hours of the morning.
4. At midnight everyone can hear the chimes of Big Ben it’s the bell in the clock tower of the Westminster Abbey.
5. The widespread custom of New Year’s celebration is to send New Year card and give presents.
Task 4. Read the text and put questions to the following answers.
St. Valentine was a priest who lived in Rome and died for his faith in A. D. 170. His feast happens to fall on February 14th — the traditional day for lovers. But this is mere coincidence. He was not noted for helping lovers in distress and was not therefore the true patron saint of lovers.
There was in early times a strong belief that on this day birds choose their mates. To some extent this might explain why lovebirds seem to be such popular motifs on Valentine cards. A fourteenth-century poet wrote: “On Valentine’s Day all the birds of the air in couples do join”.
There seems to be no limit to the variety of cards on sale for this celebration. They are happy to a good thing, cater for all tastes. You can pay anything from 10p to 10 pounds, depending on the depth of your love and the depth of your pocket!
Anonymity is, of course, part of the thrill of sending Valentine cards — you must not say who you are. The person receiving it must be left to wonder. You can send cards to anyone you like, or, for that matter, even people you don’t like. There are cards specially printed to My Wife, My Husband, Mother, Father, Sweetheart, and, would you believe it, Grandmother and Grandfather. At least it is good to know that in this troubled world love is still living and spreading a little happiness, especially in dreary February.
1. St. Valentine was a priest who lived in Rome and died for his faith in A.D.
2. There was in early times a strong belief that on this day birds choose their mates.
3. A fourteenth-century poet wrote: “On Valentine’s Day all the birds of the air in couples do join”.
4. There are cards specially printed to My Wife, My Husband, Mother, Father, Sweetheart, and, would you believe it, Grandmother and Grandfather.
5. You can pay anything from 10p to 10 pounds, depending on the depth of your love and the depth of your pocket!
Task 5. Ask the questions and complete the text.
Easter is a Christian holiday in When?, when Christians remember the death of Christ and his return to life. The holiday is marked by going to Where? and then having a celebration dinner. Easter is connected in people’s minds with spring, with the coming to life of the earth after winter. The most popular emblem of Easter is the What?: a hard-boiled egg painted in different colours. Easter eggs are traditional Easter presents for Whom?. Nowadays Easter eggs are usually made of chocolate. Children get chocolate Easter eggs, and also chocolate Easter rabbits. They are either hollow or have a filling, and are usually covered with brightly coloured What colour? paper.
Each year, on Easter Sunday, London greets spring with a traditional spectacular Easter Parade in Where?. The Parade is a great procession of many richly decorated floats, that is large moving platforms on wheels, on which Who? perform shows. The most beautifully decorated float moves at the back of the procession and carries Whom?
Easter is a Christian holiday in March or April, when Christians remember the death of Whom? and his return to life. The holiday is marked by going to church and then having a What?. Easter is connected in people’s minds with spring, with the coming to life of the earth after winter. The most popular emblem of Easter is the Easter egg: a hard-boiled egg painted in different colours. Easter eggs are traditional Easter presents for children. Nowadays Easter eggs are usually made of What?. Who? get chocolate Easter eggs, and also chocolate Easter rabbits. They are either hollow or have a filling, and are usually covered with brightly coloured silver paper.
Each year, When?, London greets spring with a traditional spectacular What? in Battersea Park. The Parade is a great procession of many richly decorated floats, that is large moving platforms on wheels, on which actors and amateurs perform What?. The most beautifully decorated float moves Where? carries the Easter Princess and her attendants.
Task 6. Read and complete the text with prepositions.
MAY SPRING FESTIVAL
The May Spring Festival, which is celebrated ... the 1st ... May, has to some extent retained its old significance — that ... a pagan spring festival. Nowadays it is celebrated by children and young people ... many schools ... different parts ... Britain. It is celebrated ... garlands of flowers, dancing and games . the village green, where they erect a maypole — a tall pole decorated ... flowers and ribbons. The girls put on their best summer dresses, put flowers ... their hair and round their waist. The most beautiful girl is crowned with a garland of flowers. After this great event there is dancing, and the dancers wear fancy costumes representing characters ... the Robin Hood legends. Spring Bank Holiday. Spring Bank Holiday is celebrated ... the last Monday ... May. It is an official holiday, when all the offices are closed and people don’t go to work. Many people go to the country this day and have picnics.
III. SUMMING UP
Task 7. Answer the questions.
1. What holidays celebrated in Britain are also marked in Ukraine?
2. Do they have the same traditions and rituals?
3. Which holiday in the Great Britain would you like to take part in?
Make a chart of comparison of holidays in Great Britain and Ukraine.
Additional material to the topic
"British Holidays and Traditions"
Task 8. Read the text and complete the chart.
There are a number of holidays, which are celebrated in Great Britain every year. One of them is, of course, the New Year’s Day on the first of January. It is not so popular in England as in our country, but it is rather popular in Scotland. On that day people usually visit their friends and there is a lot of dancing and eating. In Scotland people bring a piece of coal for good luck in the New Year.
The next holiday of the year is St. Valentine’s Day. It is on the 14th of February. People buy or make Valentine cards and send them to the people they love. In March there is Mother’s Day. All the children and adults, come to their mothers on that day to express their love and gratitude.
In April there is Easter. At Easter children eat chocolate Easter eggs. Sometimes parents hide them in the house or in the garden and children have to look for them. In June there is Father’s Day. On Father’s Day children give or send their fathers and grandfathers cards and presents.
On the 31st of October there is a Halloween. They say ghosts and witches come out on Halloween. People make lanterns out of pumpkins. Some people have Halloween parties and dress as witches and ghosts.
The 25th of December is Christmas Day. It is one of the people’s favourite holidays. People put Christmas trees in their houses and decorate them. There are beautiful Christmas decorations in the streets. On Christmas Eve everybody puts the presents under the Christmas tree. People say that at night Father Christmas puts presents into the stockings which children usually hang above their beds. The traditional Christmas meal is roasted turkey and Christmas pudding.
1. The New Year’s Day
People buy or make cards and send them to the people they love
3. Mother’s Day
Children eat chocolate Easter eggs
5. Father’s Day
Ghosts and witches come out on this day
7. Christmas Day