Країнознавство США І семестр - ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік

ДИДАКТИЧНІ МАТЕРІАЛИ ДО СПЕЦКУРСУ «КРАЇНОЗНАВСТВО США». ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ

LESSONS 11-12 Lecture and practical training "Cities of the USA"

Aims and objectives:

- to practise student's skills in reading and speaking;

- to develop interactive skills based on the country study;

- to teach students how to analyze, generalize, and compare the main idea of the material.

PROCEDURE

I. INTRODUCTION

Greeting. Introducing the topic

T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic “Cities of the USA”.

Warm up

Task 1. Answer the questions.

1. What the greatest cultural, educational, industrial cities of the USA can you name?

2. What city would you like to visit?

Task 2. Choose the best answer.

1. The second biggest city in the USA is ... .

a) New York b) Washington

c) Los Angeles d) Boston

2. Broadway is famous for its ... .

a) theater performance b) restaurants

c) food shops d) street musicians

3. Hollywood is near ... .

a) Los Angeles b) Philadelphia

c) New York d) Boston

4. The oldest and the most famous American university is ... .

a) Cambridge university b) Harvard University

c) Oxford University d) Washington university

5. “Big Apple” is the nickname of ... .

a) Los Angeles b) Philadelphia

c) New York d) Boston

II. THE MAIN PART

Reading Jigsaw reading

Task 3. Ask the questions and complete the text.

Group I

NEW YORK, A CITY OF EXTREMES

There is scarcely a tongue on Earth that is not spoken somewhere in Where? of New York, scarcely a culture that is not somehow represented in this extraordinary metropolis — a city of extremes and amazing variety.

You are never far from water in New York. The city grew up in the age of What? on islands at the mouth of two rivers, the East and the Hudson. Nowadays, in the age of the motor car, it sometimes seizes up due to the congestion of its land-based traffic. When? the population of New York’s five “boroughs” was estimated at 7.3 million people — greater New York’s metropolitan area has a population of almost 20 million. Of the five boroughs, What district? is the most famous, where many people from other boroughs work.

The Bronx is New York’s foothold on the mainland, with a population of How much? million in 1997. To the east, Brooklyn (with 2.3 million inhabitants) and Queens (2 million) cover the south-western tip of Long Island, making them the gateway to such supersmart Long Island colonies as the Hamptons, immortalised in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Alternating slums with middle-class residential areas, the Long Island boroughs hold themselves somewhat apart from the rest of the city.

To the south-west, Staten Island — officially known as Richmond — is the least crowded, most suburban of the boroughs, with a population in 1997 of just 0.4 million. It is linked to Brooklyn by What? , the world’s longest suspension bridge when it was opened in 1964, though several times overtaken since then.

New York is a city of Whom?. Streets in Brooklyn, in particular, are a babble of different tongues and dialects. In the borough’s Williamsburg district, notices are as likely to be written in What languages? as in English. Brighton Beach is dominated by Russians. Haitians, Jamaicans and Hasidic Jews congregate in Crown Heights, while Bed- ford-Stuyvesant has the largest black community in the city.

Group II

NEW YORK, A CITY OF EXTREMES

There is scarcely a tongue on Earth that is not spoken somewhere in the streets, shops, bars, playgrounds, churches or temples of New York, scarcely a culture that is not somehow represented in this extraordinary metropolis — a city of What?.

You are never far from water in New York. The city grew up in the age of sail on islands at the mouth of two rivers, What rivers? Nowadays, in the age of the motor car, it sometimes seizes up due to the congestion of its land-based traffic. In 1997 the population of New York’s five “boroughs” was estimated at 7.3 million people — greater New York’s metropolitan area has a population of almost How much? million. Of the five boroughs, Manhattan is the most famous, where many people from other boroughs work.

What district? is New York’s foothold on the mainland, with a population of 1.2 million in 1997. To the east, Brooklyn (with 2.3 million inhabitants) and Queens (2 million) cover the south-western tip of What?, making them the gateway to such supersmart Long Island colonies as the Hamptons, immortalised in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Alternating slums with middle-class residential areas, the Long Island boroughs hold themselves somewhat apart from the rest of the city.

To the south-west, Staten Island — officially known as How? — is the least crowded, most suburban of the boroughs, with a population in 1997 of just 0.4 million. It is linked to Brooklyn by the 4260 ft (1298 m) span of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, the world’s longest suspension bridge when it was opened in When?, though several times overtaken since then.

New York is a city of immigrants. Streets in Brooklyn, in particular, are a babble of different tongues and dialects. In the borough’s Williamsburg district, notices are as likely to be written in Yiddish or Hebrew as in English. Brighton Beach is dominated by Whom?. Haitians, Jamaicans and Hasidic Jews congregate in Crown Heights, while Bedford-Stuyvesant has the largest black community in the city.

Task 4. Put the paragraphs in the correct order.

PHILADELPHIA

A There are a number of “fists” in Philadelphia history. The first newspaper in the Middle colonies was printed there. So was the first daily newspaper of the whole country. The country’s first hospital was built there. And the city was the home of the country’s first art centre.

B Which is often informally called Philly, is the fourth largest city in the USA, an important international port on the Delaware River and an industrial and financial centre in the State of Pennsylvania. It was founded as a Quaker settlement in 1682 by William Penn, to whom the King of England gave the land later known as Pennsylvania, and very soon developed into big city. The name Philadelphia comes from the Greek words meaning “brotherly love”.

C Philadelphia industries include food processing mechanical engineering, chemicals, metallurgy, ship-building, publishing, textile, petroleum and many others.

D The city boasts of lots of museums, art galleries, theatres and concert halls. It’s proud of its nick name, the Athens of America.

E In the early history of the USA Philadelphia played a very important role. Some of the greatest American patriots lived there. Benjamin Franklin was one of them. This city was the place of the First and Second Continental Congresses.

F The city has one of the oldest educational establishments in the USA, the university of Pennsylvania, founded in 1791 and a number of interesting historic attractions like the courthouse, the State House or Independence Hall.

Task 5. Complete the text with the sentences.

A The town became a city after railroads crossed the continent to the West Coast.

B Soon the village turned into a little town became a trade center of wheat, citruses, olives and other products of agriculture.

C Some people move to Los Angeles because they like the excitement and the warm weather.

D Now part of the city is taken by Hollywood, the motion picture and television center.

LOS ANGELES

The city was founded in 1781 by Spanish colonists who came to the west coast of America from Mexico. The village built by them was named “The Town of Our Lady, the Queen of Angels”. (1) ...

By 1846, when the State of California became a part of the United States, the long name of the town was shortened to Los Angeles. (2) ... Then the motion-picture industry was one of the first great industries to help Los Angeles to grow. The varied scenery and the sunny days were extremely good for the development of this industry. (3) ... Millions of tourists are attracted by the film studios and the legendary Beverly Hills, the area where the rich villas of film-stars and producers are located.

Now Los Angeles is the second largest city of the USA with a population of over 3.5 million people. (4) ... Other people think that the city is full of strange and crazy people it “La-La Land”.

III. SUMMING UP

Speaking

Task 6. Answer the questions.

1. Which city is older Los Angeles or Philadelphia?

2. Where are Beverly Hills situated and what is this area famous for?

3. Which of these cities are the most important from the historic point of view, in your opinion?

Home assignment

What American city would you choose? Why? (Use Internet sites: en.wikipedia; www.wiki.com)

Additional material to the topic "Cities of the USA"

Task 7. Read the text below. For questions (1-6) choose the correct answer (a, b, c, d)

THE CITIES OF THE USA

Chicago

Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is (1) ... city in the state of Illinois and the Midwest. The Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicago land, has nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the US Chicago is the seat of Cook County.

Chicago (2) ... as a city in 1837, near a portage (3) ... the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed, and grew rapidly in the mid-nineteenth century. The city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, and transportation: O’Hare International Airport is the busiest airport in the world when measured (4) ... aircraft traffic; the region also has the largest number of US highways and rail road freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and ranked (5) ... in the world in the 2014 Global Cities Index. As of 2014, Chicago had the third largest gross metropolitan product in the United States at US$610.5 billion. The Chicago metropolitan area is also home to several universities, (6) ... including the University of Chicago and Northwestern University.

In 2014, Chicago had 50.2 million international and domestic visitors. Chicago’s culture includes the visual arts, novels, film, theater, especially improvisational comedy, and music, particularly jazz, blues, soul, gospel and house music. It also has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues. Chicago has many nicknames, the best-known being the Windy City.

1

a) the more populous

b) populous

c) more populous

d) the most populous

2

a) incorporated

b) was incorporated

c) have incorporated

d) had incorporated

3

a) among

b) in the middle of

c) between

d) opposite

4

a) with

b) by

c) on

d) through

5

a) seven

b) the seventh

c) the seven

d) the sevens

6

a) include

b) includes

c) including

d) included

Task 8. Read the text and complete the sentences.

THE CITIES OF THE USA

San Francisco

San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California and the only consolidated city-county in California. San Francisco encompasses a land area of about 46.9 square miles (121 km2) on the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, which makes it the smallest county in the state. It has a density of about 18,451 people per square mile (7,124 people per km2), making it the most densely settled large city (population greater than 200,000) in the state of California and the second-most densely populated major city in the United States after New York City. San Francisco is the fourth-most populous city in California, after Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose, and the 13th-most populous city in the United States — with a Census-estimated 2015 population of 864,816. The city and its surrounding areas are known as the San Francisco Bay Area, and are a part of the larger OMB designated San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland combined statistical area, the fifth most populous in the nation with an estimated population of 8.7 million.

San Francisco (Spanish for Saint Francis) was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asis named for St. Francis of Assisi a few miles away. The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city- county in 1856. After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was the port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, massive immigration, liberalizing attitudes, along with the rise of the “hippie“ counterculture, the Peace Movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, and other factors led to the Summer of Love , cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines.

A popular tourist destination, San Francisco is known for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman’s Wharf, and its Chinatown district. San Francisco is also the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co., Gap Inc., Salesforce.com, Dropbox, Reddit, Square, Inc., Dolby, Airbnb, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Yelp, Pinterest, Twitter, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, and Craigslist. It has several nicknames, including “The City by the Bay”, “Fog City”, “San Fran”, and “Frisco”, as well as older ones like “The City that Knows How”, “Baghdad by the Bay”, and “The Paris of the West”. As of 2015, San Francisco was ranked high on world livability rankings.

1. San Francisco encompasses a land area of about ... on the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula.

2. It has a density of about ... per square mile.

3. The city and its surrounding areas are known as ... .

4. San Francisco was founded ... .

5. In World War II, San Francisco was ... .

6. A popular tourist destination, San Francisco is known ... .

7. San Francisco is also the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as ... .

8. It has several nicknames, including ... .

Task 9. Read the text and put the verbs into the right form

THE CITIES OF THE USA

Boston

Boston is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. Boston also (1) ... (to serve) as the historic county seat of Suffolk County until Massachusetts disbanded county government in 1999. The city proper (2) ... (to cover) 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 655,884 in 2014, making it the largest city in New England and the 24th largest city in the United States. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area called Greater Boston, home to 4.7 million people and the tenth-largest metropolitan statistical area in the country. Greater Boston as a commuting region is home to 8.1 million people, making it the sixth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.

One of the oldest cities in the United States, Boston (3) ... (to find) on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. It (4) ... (to be) the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. Upon American independence from Great Britain, the city (5) ... (continue) to be an important port and manufacturing hub, as well as a center for education and culture. Through land reclamation and municipal annexation, Boston (6) ... to expand beyond the original peninsula. Its rich history (7) ... (attract) many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing over 20 million visitors per year. Boston’s many firsts (8) ... (include) the United States’ first public school, Boston Latin School (1635), first subway system (1897), and first public park (1634).

The area’s many colleges and universities (9) ... (make) Boston an international center of higher education and medicine, and the city (10) ... (consider) to be a world leader in innovation. Boston’s economic base also includes finance, professional and business services, biotechnology, information technology, and government activities. Households in the city claim the highest average rate of philanthropy in the United States; businesses and institutions rank amongst the top in the country for environmental sustainability and investment.

The city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States, though it remains high on world livability rankings.

Task 10. Read the text below. For questions (1-6) choose the correct answer

(a, b, c, d)

THE CITIES OF THE USA

Detroit

Detroit is the most populous city in the US state of Michigan, the fourth-largest city in the Midwest and (1) ... city in the United States — Canada border. It is the seat of Wayne County, the most populous county in the state. (2) ... metropolitan area, known as Metro Detroit, is home to 5.3 million people, (3) ... it the fourteenth-most populous metropolitan area in the United States and the second-largest in the Midwestern United States (behind Chicago). It is a major port on the Detroit River, as trait that connects the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. The City of Detroit anchors the second-largest economic region in the Midwest, behind Chicago, and the thirteenth-largest in the United States.

Detroit is the center of a three-county urban area (population 3,734,090, area of 1,337 square miles (3,460 km2), a 2010 United States Census) six-county metropolitan statistical area (2010 Census population of 4,296,250, area of 3,913 square miles [10,130 km2]), and a nine-county Combined Statistical Area (2010 Census population of 5,218,852, area of 5,814 square miles [15,060 km2]). The Detroit — Windsor area, a commercial link straddling the Canada — US border, has a total population of about 5,700,000. The Detroit metropolitan region holds roughly one-half of Michigan’s population.

Detroit (4) ... on July 24, 1701, by the French explorer and adventurer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac and a party of settlers. With expansion of the automobile industry, the Detroit area emerged as a significant metropolitan region within the United States in the early (5) ... , when the city became the fourth-largest in the country for a period. In the 1950s and 1960s, expansion continued (6) ... construction of a regional freeway system.

Due to industrial restructuring and loss of jobs in the auto industry, Detroit lost considerable population from the late 20th century to present. (7) ... Between 2000 and 2010 the city’s population fell by 25 percent, changing its ranking from the nation’s 10th-largest city to 18th. In 2010, the city had a population of 713,777, more than a 60 percent drop from a peak population of over 1.8 million at the 1950 census. This resulted from suburbanization, industrial restructuring, and the decline of Detroit’s auto industry. Following the shift of population and jobs to its suburbs or other states or nations, the city (8) ... on becoming the metropolitan region’s employment and economic center. Downtown Detroit has held an increased role as an entertainment destination in the 21st century, with the restoration of several historic theatres, several new sports stadiums, and a riverfront revitalization project. More recently, the population of Downtown Detroit, Midtown Detroit, and a handful of other neighborhoods has increased. Many other neighborhoods remain distressed, with extensive abandonment of properties.

1

a) large

b) the largest

c) larger

d) the larger

2

a) Detroit’s

b) Detroits

c) Detroit

d) Detroites

3

a) make

b) makes

c) is making

d) making

4

a) founded

b) is founded

c) was founded

d) has been founded

5

a) 20th century

b) 20s century

c) 20 century

d) 20ths century

6

a) on

b) in

c) by

d) with

7

a) Among

b) Behind

c) Between

d) In the middle of

8

a) focused

b) has focused

c) focus

d) focus

Task 11. Read the texts below. For questions (1-6) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

THE CITIES OF THE USA

Miami, Florida

Miami, (1) ... on Biscayne Bay in southeastern Florida, is the state’s second-largest city (370,000) and the center of a large metropolitan area (nearly 1,000,000) (2) ... includes Miami Beach and Fort Lauderdale. Named after a Native American word meaning “big water,” Miami (3) ... in 1870 and quickly became (and still remains) one of America’s top vacation spots. An influx of 250,000+ Cuban refugees in 1960 helped define the city’s bilingual melting pot.

Today, Miami is a hip urban center with a multicultural ambience and a strong economy (4) ... on baking, tourism and a other industries as diverse as its population. Several top companies are headquartered in the area, including Burger King, Norwegian Cruise Line, Ryder and Wachovia.

As if spring break weren’t enough, Carnaval Miami (5) ... the city for 9 days each March, with a Miss Carnaval contest, concerts at the Orange Bowl, an in-line skating contest, jazz concerts, shows, and cooking contests. In the summer, Miami Reggae Festival, a 20-year tradition, showcases nearly a dozen acts in a downtown arena. Though known as a party town, Miami has more than its share of culture. It’s home to the Miami City Ballet, the Florida Grand Opera and many (6) ... regarded museums, (7) ... the Historical Museum of Southern Florida, the Florida Museum of Hispanic and Latin American Art, the Miami Museum of Science & Space Transit Planetarium, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Miami Art Museum. In funky, trendy South Beach, the Art Deco Historic District is an architectural work of art, with (8) ... buildings in pastel shades.

For spectator sports, Miami (9) ... in all four major leagues. Downtown, the 19,600-seat American Airlines Arena presents the NBA’s Miami Heat. Just north of the city, Pro Player Stadium hosts both the NFL’s Miami Dolphins and baseball’s Florida Marlins. A half hour northwest of the city, the 20,000-seat Office Depot Center is home to the NHL’s Florida Panthers. The University of Miami Hurricanes, always a threat to win college football’s national title, are a religion within the area.

The Florida sun’s constant heat and an abundance of beaches are the formula for outdoor recreation that cannot (10) ... upon. The area is a haven for water sports and a golfer’s paradise, with dozens of top-rated courses nearby.

1

a) locating

b) is located

c) located

d) locates

2

a) that

b) who

c) what

d) where

3

a) founded

b) has founded

c) is founded

d) was founded

4

a) based

b) is based

c) was based

d) basing

5

a) invigorated

b) invigorates

c) is invigorating

d) has invigorated

6

a) high

b) highly

c) higher

d) highest

7

a) is included

b) is including

c) including

d) includes

8

a) 1920s

b) the 1920s

c) 1920th

d) the 1920th

9

a) is represented

b) represents

c) was represented

d) has represented

10

a) to improve

b) improve

c) is improved

d) be improved

Task 12. Read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap.

Use only one word in each space.

THE CITIES OF THE USA

Las Vegas, Nevada

Las Vegas, seat of Clark County in southeast Nevada, is the largest city in the state and (1) ... of the fastest-growing cities in the United States. Between April 1990 and April 2000, the Las Vegas metropolitan area population increased by 83 %, growing (2) ... 852,737 to 1,563,282.

The area (3) ... discovered by Spanish explorers in 1829. The site of Las Vegas (“The Meadows” in Spanish) was originally a watering place for travelers on (4) ... way to southern California. It was first settled byMormons in 1855, (5) ... were attracted by its artesian springs. They abandoned their settlement two years (6) ... in 1857, and the US Army established Fort Baker there in 1864. In 1867, Las Vegas was detached from the Arizona Territory and joined (7) ... Nevada.

The town was established and started to grow (8) ... the arrival of the railroad in 1905. However, its growth did not really take off until shortly after 1931, (9) ... the Nevada legislature legalized gambling in an effort to lift the state from the Great Depression. The construction of nearby Hoover Dam aided the area economically (10) ... well.

The Las Vegas that we know today basically began after World War II, (11) ... the idea of large hotels along the brand new “strip” was developed. Las Vegas is the “marriage capital” of America; there are 50 wedding chapels in the city. Tourism and the convention industry (12) ... the city’s major sources of income. In (13) ... , manufacturing, government, warehousing, and trucking are major sources of employment. Many high-technology companies are also located in Las Vegas.

Las Vegas has a favorable business climate: taxes are relatively low, and there are neither city (14) ... state income taxes. This is because gambling and sales taxes, paid by tourists, (15) ... allowed the city and state governments to avoid personal and corporate inco me taxes.

Popular nearby tourist attractions are Hoover Dam and Lake Mead (the largest man-made lake in the US), Lake Mojave, the Mt. Charleston Recreation Area, Red Rock Canyon, and (16) ... Death Valley National Monument.





Відвідайте наш новий сайт - Матеріали для Нової української школи - планування, розробки уроків, дидактичні та методичні матеріали, підручники та зошити