Країнознавство США ІІ семестр - ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік

LESSON 29 Practical training "American national cuisine"

Aims and objectives:

- to practise student's skills in reading and speaking;

- to develop interactive skills based on the country study;

- to teach students how to analyze, generalize, and compare the main idea of the material.

PROCEDURE

I. INTRODUCTION

Greeting. Introducing the topic

T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic “American national cuisine”.

Warm up

Task 1. Answer the questions.

1. What do you know about American national cuisine?

2. What the most famous American dishes can you name?

3. Why is “Fast Food’’ so popular? Is it healthy food? Prove your idea.

II. THE MAIN PART

Reading

Task 2. Jigsaw reading. Ask questions and complete the text.

Group I

Americans have What? to choose from than consumers in any other country. Meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, cereals from various parts of the nation are available throughout the country during When?. Frequently, the problem for the consumer is not the lack of variety of brands of food, but rather the bewildering assortment from which one must choose. In addition, the consumer can choose from foods that are fresh, frozen, canned and cooked or uncooked. Currently, virtually all food stores have available a wide array of frozen foods especially prepared to be heated or cooked in Where?.

The microwave oven has revolutionized What? It, along with the supermarket, where virtually any kind of foods are available, make the preparation of food the most time-efficient in the world. A family can make only one trip a week to the supermarket to purchase its food needs for an entire week. Americans have What? enabling them to make their buying decisions at home and picking up their purchases at the store or having them delivered to their homes.

When? fast-food and takeaway restaurants have had a phenomenal proliferation, first in the US, and more recently throughout the world. The first fast-food chains like What? which offer sandwiches, hamburgers, French-fried potatoes, hot dogs, pizzas, pancakes, chili and fried chicken, have been joined by other chains some of which offer What? foods. The cost of the food in such restaurants is frequently cheaper than if one were to prepare similar food in one’s kitchen. Consequently, an entire family may frequently go to eat at fast food places for convenience and economy.

A more recent development in the American food industry has been the demand for healthier foods. The food industry has made available a wide variety of What? products. Animals are now being scientifically bred to produce lean meat. Even low fat cheeses and ice creams are being produced. Vegetable, fruit and cereal consumption are increasing. A second demand is for foods grown and produced free of fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides, This has led to the development of an What industry?. Of course, the cost of organic foods is substantially higher. The market for organic food has nevertheless been expanding.

Group II

Americans have a wider assortment of foods to choose from than consumers in any other country. Meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, cereals from various parts of the nation are available throughout the country during any season of the year. Frequently, the problem for the consumer is What, but rather the bewildering assortment from which one must choose. In addition, the consumer can choose from foods that are fresh, frozen, canned and cooked or uncooked. Currently, virtually all food stores have available What? especially prepared to be heated or cooked in a microwave oven.

What? has revolutionised the home preparation of meals. It, along with the supermarket, where virtually any kind of foods are available, make the preparation of food the most time-efficient in the world. A family can make only one trip a week to the supermarket to purchase its food needs for What?. Americans have access to computer-based shopping enabling them to make their buying decisions Where? and picking up their purchases at the store or having them delivered to their homes.

Since the 1950s fast-food and takeaway restaurants have had What?, first in the US, and more recently throughout the world. The first fast-food chains like McDonalds, Burger King, Arby’s and Wendy’s which offer What?, have been joined by other chains some of which offer Mexican, Chinese and other ethnic foods. The cost of the food in such restaurants is frequently cheaper than if one were to prepare similar food in one’s kitchen. Consequently, an entire family may frequently go to eat at fast food places for convenience and economy.

A more recent development in the American food industry has been the demand for healthier foods. The food industry has made available a wide variety of low-fat dairy and meat products. Animals are now being scientifically bred to produce What?. Even low fat cheeses and ice creams are being produced. Vegetable, fruit and cereal consumption are increasing. A second demand is for foods grown and produced free of fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides, This has led to the development of an “organic food” industry. Of course, the cost of organic foods is What?. The market for organic food has nevertheless been expanding.

Task 3. Read these sentences. Are they true or false?

1. Americans have a wider assortment of foods.

2. Americans have to go to the supermarket for making their buying decisions.

3. Since the 1990s fast-food and takeaway restaurants have had a phenomenal proliferation.

4. The cost of the food in such restaurants is frequently cheaper than if one were to prepare similar food in one’s kitchen.

5. A second demand is for foods grown and produced free of fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides.

Task 4. Complete the sentences.

1. The problem for the consumer is ... .

2. Americans have access to ... .

3. The first fast-food chains like ... which offer ... .

4. The food industry has made ... .

5. A second demand is for foods grown and produced free of ... .

Speaking

Task 5. Pair work

1. Many Americans prefer fast food. Pair up with your friend and express your attitude to it, focusing on the following items:

• influence on health;

• taste value.

• saving time;

2. Discuss the most popular American food well known in your country.

3. Pair up with your friend and discuss you idea of dinning out.

III. SUMMING UP

Speaking

Task 6. Answer the questions.

1. What can you tell about Americans’ preferences to food?

2. Can you name the first “fast foods”?

3. Name the most popular national and traditional American dishes? Home assignment

Are you in favour of “fast food” because it gives people more leisure? Or do you think the whole system of “fast food” makes people not only lazy, but also unappreciative of good food. Write a 200 word composition on this subject.





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