Країнознавство США ІІ семестр - ПЛАНИ-КОНСПЕКТИ УРОКІВ - 2016 рік

LESSON 23 Practical training "Educational system of the USA"

Aims and objectives:

- to practise student's habits of getting additional information from the text;

- to develop student's speaking, writing and grammar skills;

- to expand the vocabulary related to the topic.

PROCEDURE

I. INTRODUCTION

Greeting. Introducing the topic

T. Good morning! Today we’re going to work on the topic “Educational system of the USA”.

Warm up

Task 1. Answer the questions.

1. The system of education in the USA is considered the most successful in the world. Do you agree with this?

2. Would you like to study in the USA? Why?

II. THE MAIN PART

Reading and speaking

Task 2. Match the following words and word- combination with their Ukrainian equivalents.

1) board of education

a) навички спілкування

2) standards and requirements

b) оцінки

3) social skills

c) залишитися на другий рік

4) required subjects

d) позашкільні та позакласні заходи

5) extracurricular activities

е) відділ освіти

6) grades

f) навчальні матеріали

7) teaching materials

g) обов’язкові матеріали

8) to repeat a course

h) безкоштовно

9) at no cost

і) норми та вимоги

Task 3. Read the text and correct the sentences after the text.

Americans have always shown a great concern for education. There are 43 million pupils and students in public schools at the elementary and secondary levels, and another 6 million in private schools throughout the country. Every year about 12 million Americans become students in over 3,000 colleges and universities of every type: private, public, church-related.

The United States does not have a national system of education. Education, Americans say, is “a national concern, a state responsibility and a local function”. It means that most educational matters are left to the separate states or the local community. In general, colleges, universities and schools, whether state or private, are quite free to determine their own individual standards and requirements.

Most schools start at the kindergarten level at the age of 5. The elementary school (grade school) goes from age 6 to 11 or 12 (grades 1 to 5 or 6) This is usual followed by a middle school (grades 6-8) or Junior High School (grades 7-9). High school includes 3 or 4 years, usually until the age of 18. There are almost always required subjects and sometimes students at more advanced levels can choose some subjects. Students who don’t do well often have to repeat courses or attend summer support classes which are called “make up” or remedial classes.

Like schools in Britain and other English-speaking countries, those in the USA have always stressed “character” or “social skills” through extra — curricular activities, including sport. Many sports are available to students at no cost, and many schools have swimming- pools, tennis courts and stadium.

But those who believe that American schools are more fun than work overlook an important fact: a high school diploma is not a ticket that allows someone to automatically enter a university. Standardized examinations play a decisive role in the admission to most colleges and universities. Students who wish to go to a good university have to work hard. As tuition fees are rather high at most colleges and universities, students who must work at outsides jobs as well as study are the rule rather than exception.

1. There are 43 million pupils and students in private schools at the elementary and secondary levels, and another 6 million in public schools throughout the country.

2. Every year about 12 million Americans become students in over 3,000 colleges and universities.

3. The elementary school (grade school) goes from age 5 to 10.

4. A high school diploma is not a ticket that allows someone to automatically enter a university.

5. High school includes 5 or 6 years, usually until the age of 18. Task 4. Complete the table using the information from the text.

The types of education

Grades/Ages

1. Kindergarten

2.

1st-3d

3. Elementary school

4.

6th-9th

5. High school

6. Junior or Community College (2 years after High school

7. College or University (4 years to BA degree)

8. College or University graduate school to MA / Ms or PhD

Listening and speaking

Task 5. Match the phrases.

1) the oldest

a) clergy

2) Unitarian

b) the curriculum

3) cultural

c) units

4) to reform

d) institution

5) academic

e) facilities

6) athletics

f) Laureates

7) Nobel

g) establishment

Harvard University is a private university located in Massachusetts, established in 1636 by the Massachusetts legislature. Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and the first corporation (officially The President and Fellows of Harvard College) chartered in the country. Harvard’s history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Harvard was named after its first benefactor, John Harvard. Although it was never formally affiliated with a church, the college primarily trained Congregationalist and Unitarian clergy. Harvard’s curriculum and students became increasingly secular throughout the 18th century and by the 19 th century had emerged as the central cultural establishment among Boston elites. Following the American Civil War, President Charles W. Eliot’s forty year tenure (18691909) transformed the college and affiliated professional schools into a centralized research university, and Harvard became a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. James Bryant Conant led the university through the Great Depression and World War II and began to reform the curriculum and liberalize admissions after the war. The undergraduate college became coeducational after its 1977 merger with Radcliffe College. Drew Gilpin Faust was elected the 28th president in 2007 and is the first woman to lead the university. Harvard has the largest financial endowment of any academic institution in the world, standing at $27.4 billion as of September 2010.

The university comprises eleven separate academic units — ten faculties and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study — with campuses throughout the Boston metropolitan area. Harvard’s 210-acre (85 ha) main campus is centered on Harvard Yard, approximately 3.4 miles (5.5 km) northwest of downtown Boston. The business school and athletics facilities, including Harvard Stadium, are located across the Charles River in Allston and the medical, dental, and public health schools are located in the Long- wood Medical Area.

As of 2010, Harvard employs about 2,100 faculty to teach and advise, approximately 6,700 undergraduates (Harvard College) and 14,500 graduate and professional students Eight U.S. Presidents have graduated from Harvard and 75 Nobel Laureates have been affiliated with the university as students, faculty, or staff. Harvard is also the alma mater of sixty-two living billionaires, the most in the country. The Harvard University Library is the largest academic library in the United States, and the third largest library in the world.

The Harvard Crimson competes in 41 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA Division I Ivy League. Harvard has an intense athletic rivalry with Yale University traditionally culminating in The Game, although the Harvard-Yale Regatta predates the football game.

Task 6. Match.

1. John Harvard

a) led the university through the Great Depression and World War II and began to reform the curriculum and liberalize admissions after the war

2. Charles W. Eliot

b) was elected the 28th president in 2007 and is the first woman to lead the university

3. James Bryant Conant

c) was first benefactor

4. Drew Gilpin Faust

d) transformed the college and affiliated professional schools into a centralized research university

Task 7. Choose the correct answer.

1. Harvard is ... institution of higher learning in the United States.

a) a modern

b) the oldest

c) a public

2. Harvard was named after its first benefactor ... .

a) Drew Gilpin Faust

b) Charles W. Eliot

c) John Harvard

3. James Bryant Conant led the university through ... .

a) American Civil War

b) World War I

c) the Great Depression and World War II

4. The university comprises ... separate academic units.

a) ten

b) eleven

c) fifteen

5. Harvard’s 210-acre (85 ha) main campus is centered on ... , approximately 3.4 miles (5.5 km) northwest of downtown Boston.

a) Massachusetts Yard

b) Boston Yard

c) Harvard Yard

6. The Harvard University Library is the largest academic library in … .

a) the United States;

b) the world

c) Europe.

Task 8. Answer the questions.

1. Why Harvard University is considered one of the most prestigious universities in the world?

2. Can you name the most important persons in the history of Harvard?

3. How can you describe the periods of Harvard’s establishment and development?

4. How many academic units, faculties are in Harvard University?

5. Who has graduated Harvard University?

6. If you had an opportunity, would you like to study in Harvard? Why?

III. SUMMING UP

Speaking

Task 9. Answer the questions.

1. Find at least 3 differences and 3 similarities between the systems of education in Ukraine and the USA?

2. What do you like or dislike in the system of education in the USA?

3. Would you like to study in the USA? Why?

Home assignment

Make a chart of comparison of education in England and Ukraine (Use Internet sites: en. wikipedia.org./wiki/Wiki; www.wiki.com).





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